How to fertilize pear trees


Fertilizing Pear Trees - Stark Bro's

Fertilizing is an excellent way to replenish the nutrients in your soil, especially nitrogen. Nitrogen encourages green vegetative growth, which is exactly what you want to promote before your pear tree reaches its fruit-bearing years.

Always test your soil prior to applying any fertilizers. Different soils can have varying amounts of native elements needed to support pear tree growth and development. If you discover your soil lacks any necessary nutrients (nitrogen, phosphates, potash, etc.), be sure to choose a fertilizer that supplements the soil’s nutrient deficiency.

Get to know your soil and discover the importance of soil testing prior to making any changes.

NOTE: This is part 6 in a series of 11 articles. For a complete background on how to grow pear trees, we recommend starting from the beginning.

Fertilizing New Trees

Fertilizing Established Fruit Trees

About Fertilizers

  • Fertilizers – both synthetic and organic (naturally derived) – are soil amendments labeled with a “guaranteed analysis” of nutrients like Nitrogen (N), Phosphate (P), and Potash (K).
  • Alternately, there are organic soil amendments, like compost and aged/rotted manure. They are used like fertilizers, but they are not technically fertilizers. You can make your own organic soil amendments, like compost, out of food or garden scraps, or even get compost, manure, and other organic soil amendments from a trusted local source. While these help add nutrients to the soil to support your pear trees, they will not have a “guaranteed analysis” value.
  • In general, pear trees thrive when macronutrients like Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P), and Potassium (K) are present. Nitrogen helps encourage vegetative growth (leaves and branches). Phosphorus encourages root and blossom development. Potassium/Potash is responsible for the efficacy of the pear tree’s natural disease-resistance and systems supporting its overall health, kind of like an immune system. A water-soluble fertilizer that is specifically formulated for use on young pear trees provides the nutrients these trees take in during their initial years in the ground as they become established.

Take care not to over-fertilize, or you may produce a tree that is unbalanced, which can affect fruit production and leave the tree susceptible to pests and disease.

Macronutrients

Nitrogen, phosphorus/phosphates, and potassium/potash are the “big” macronutrients pear trees need to grow normally. They are present in healthy soil, but may be added when soil is deficient. Nitrogen is the nutrient most used by growing pear trees; it moves throughout the soil, is leached off by normal growth and must be replaced by synthetic or organic compounds. The main source of nitrogen is decaying organic matter. Signs of macronutrient deficiency in pear trees include reddish or pale colored leaves, narrow or shrunken leaves and dead spots on leaves.

Micronutrients

Pear trees also need micronutrients in the soil, which help make the macronutrients available to the tree. For example, molybdenum helps fix nitrogen to the soil. Copper and zinc prevent color mottling and misshapen leaves. Calcium is another essential micronutrient that pear trees thrive on that improves leaf and fruit quality. The easiest way to add micronutrients is by adding aged compost or a good, balanced fruit tree fertilizer that states micronutrients are part of the formula.

When to Fertilize Pear Trees

  • In nutrient-rich soil, you can withhold using fertilizers until your pear trees begin bearing fruit (average: 4-6 years after planting). If your new pear trees don’t put on several inches of new green growth during the growing season, consider fertilizing starting the following spring.
  • Typically for pear trees, you can start fertilizing as needed after bud break, but by no means any later than July. For any specific fertilizer application instructions, always refer to the information printed on your product’s label. Be mindful that local advisories on fertilizing may be in effect during certain times of year. For the sake of your local environment, please adhere to these restrictions.
  • Many fruit trees require more nitrogen after they start bearing fruit. Each year, test the soil to see what it needs, and if the nitrogen levels appear low, then apply a low-nitrogen fertilizer in small amounts a couple of weeks before bud break in early spring. Mulch your trees and keep weeds at bay, since weeds will compete with your pear trees for nutrients.

To prevent the chance of injury as the growing season winds down, do not fertilize past July 1st.

Read more about fertilizing:

  • How to Fertilize New Fruit Trees
  • How to Fertilize Mature Fruit Trees
  • When to Stop Fertilizing & Why

NEXT: Pest & Disease Control for Pear Trees

Previous: Soil Preparation for Pear Trees

In This Series

  • Introduction
Getting Started
  • Acclimate
  • Location
  • Planting
  • Soil Preparation
Care & Maintenance
  • Fertilizing
  • Pest & Disease Control
  • Pruning
  • Spraying
  • Watering
Other Topics
  • Harvesting

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7 Best Fertilizer For Apple And Pear Trees

Adding fruit trees to your garden is a great way to not only add some beauty to it but also have some delicious fresh fruit. But, to get your fruit trees to thrive by growing to their full potential, as well as yielding a plentiful crop, and remaining healthy and disease-free, they are going to need a helping hand with a good quality nutrient feed.

I’ve been growing fruit-bearing trees for some years now and you can believe me when I say that relying just on an appropriate amount of sunlight, good soil, and sufficient water isn’t enough to get the best out of them. I also know a thing or two about choosing and using the best fertilizer for apple and pear trees, so read on to find out more.

Table Of Contents

  1. Best Fertilizer For Apple And Pear Trees
  2. Choosing the Best Fertilizer for Apple Trees
  3. Pear and Apple Tree Fertilizer N-P-K 
  4. Best Fertilizer for Apple and Pear Trees Reviews
  5. 1. Jobe’s Organics Continuous Release Fruit Fertilizer Spikes 8-2-2
  6. 2. Jobe’s Organics Fruit & Nut Granular Fertilizer 3-5-5 
  7. 3. Dr. Earth Organic Fruit Tree Fertilizer 5-5-2
  8. 4. Down To Earth Fruit Tree and Bush Organic Fertilizer 6-2-4
  9. 5. Espoma TR4 Tree-Tone Plant Food 6-2-3
  10. How to Fertilize Apple Trees Step-by-Step
  11. When to Fertilize Apple Trees
  12. Verdict: Best Fertilizers for Pear Trees or Apples
  13. Fertilizing Apple and Pear Trees FAQ’s

Best Fertilizer For Apple And Pear Trees

If you’re short of time take a look at the summary below for the best apple fertilizer and pear fertilizers for all situations.

Best Fertilizer Spikes

Jobe’s Organics Fruit Tree Fertilizer Spike

Convenient pre-measured fertilizer spike designed to be pushed an inch into the ground to provide a slow-release feed right through the growing season.

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Best Top Dressing Fertilizer

Jobe’s Organics Fruit Tree Fertilizer Granules

Organic granular fertilizer is perfect for top dressing around apple and pear trees. Offering better value for money over fertilizer spikes.

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Choosing the Best Fertilizer for Apple Trees

There are hundreds of different fertilizers on the market, but apple and pear trees need a specific balance of nutrients and you’ll want to look out for both during the planting and growing stages of an apple and pear tree’s life. These three primary nutrients are common to all fertilizers and they are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. 

Nitrogen is essential in aiding new growth and is of particular importance to the successful growth of pears and eating apples. Phosphorus helps build sturdy roots, and potassium will keep the plant cells healthy and perhaps most importantly, is what encourages the development of new buds and fruits.  

When you don’t provide your apple trees with these three nutrients, it can cause stunted growth, pests to accumulate on the tree, and the potential for diseases. While fruit trees and other plants can obtain these nutrients from the soil you’ve planted them in, there are numerous reasons why they won’t be getting them in the right quantities. This includes depleted soi and overbearing or hungry roots from neighboring trees or plants,  

The best way to determine what, if any, nutrients your apple tree is lacking is to test the soil’s pH using a soil test kit. From there, you can start searching for the best fertilizer. You’ll want one that provides the nutrients they need but you’ll also want a fertilizer that compliments your gardening style. Here are some options for you to consider.

Granular Vs. Liquid Fertilizer

Granular fertilizers are tiny particles that are designed to release slowly over time. Once you incorporate a granular fertilizer into the soil around your apple or pear tree, it will continue to nourish the soil and fertilize the roots every time you water them.  

Liquid fertilizers are fast-acting and offer a quick burst of nutrients to your fruit trees once they have been absorbed by the roots of the tree. They are more prone to be washed away and need to be used more frequently. The flipside of liquid fertilizers is they tend to be a more concentrated formula which can lead to fertilizer burn or when used frequently, can lead to over-fertilizing.

Liquid fertilizers work in two ways. You’ll either need to dilute the concentrated formula with water before applying it to the base of your apple or pear trees. This needs to be done regularly during the growing season. Alternatively, liquid fertilizers can be used as a foliar feed, which can be sprayed onto the foliage of fruit trees. More about that in a minute.

Liquid Concentrate or Spray

If you’re looking into liquid fertilizer, you’ll need to decide between liquid concentrate or spray. You won’t want to use these products on newly planted trees, but they’re a great option later down the line. Liquid concentrate is easy to apply by pouring the appropriate amount into the soil of your tree. 

Spraying liquid fertilizer is perfect for correcting deficiencies and is referred to as foliar feeding. This type of feeding is when you spray liquid fertilizer on the plants, and they absorb the nutrients through their foliage. 

Fertilizer Granules or Powder

Granules, also known as pellets, and powder are another popular fertilizer for plants. Using granules or powder is ideal for newly planted apple or pear trees. When it comes to these types of fertilizer, powder fertilizers are just powdered versions of the same granule fertilizer. 

When using powder fertilizer, you can use it in either form by applying it to the soil directly or diluting it in water first. While granular fertilizer, in general, is slower release, the powder version is generally faster than using granules. 

Fruit Tree Fertilizer Spikes

Fruit tree fertilizer spikes quite simply fertilizer that has been formed into a stake, where the pointy end gets hammered or driven into the ground. They’re easy to install in rows beneath fruit trees and help deliver fertilizer in a precise manner that encourages even distribution in the soil.

Fertilizer spikes offer a mess-free approach because they are pre-measured and simply get buried below the surface of the soil. No mixing or digging and no odor for your dog or cat to get excited about. They work on a slow-release basis, dispursing nutrients gradually, and can last for up to eight weeks.

Organic Apple Tree Fertilizer

Most organic fertilizers are high in natural nitrogen sources, which many fruit trees crave. Some great examples of ingredients to look for in your organic fertilizer include soybean meal, composted chicken manure, blood meal, and other composted manure.

Organic fertilizers are the safer option if you are planning on eating the harvested fruit because they don’t contain any chemical-based substances that could be potentially harmful if ingested.

Moreover, they are safe for humans, animals, and the environment. That is because they consist of naturally occurring materials found on farms and in nature.

Pear and Apple Tree Fertilizer N-P-K 

Regardless of what type of fertilizer you choose, you’ll want to make sure there’s an appropriate amount of N-P-K in the formula. This includes the three main macronutrients all plants need to thrive, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. 

Nitrogen (N) is what makes plants grow bigger and healthier. Phosphorus (P) also helps plants grow bigger, but it’s primarily necessary for plants to take in water and nutrients via the stem. Potassium (K) is what keeps your healthy plants staying healthy. It’s also important because it encourages flowers, and in this case, fruits, to grow. 

When using artificial fertilizers for this purpose, it is essential to know what amount of fertilizer you need to add because too much will lead to unwanted side effects. If you’re uncertain, go for a balanced fertilizer, like 20-20-20 (N-P-K)


Best Fertilizer for Apple and Pear Trees Reviews

Here is my pick of the very best fertilizers for apple and pear trees that are currently available on the market. I’ve based my choices on performance, quality, and value for money. As well as personal experience and the views and opinions of users via forums and review centers.


My top pick of apple and pear tree fertilizers are these continuous release spikes for fruit trees from Jobe’s Organics. They are made with Jobe’s patented Biozome formula and contain zero chemicals, which is great news for fruit trees as well as your soil.

I recommend using these on pear trees and all culinary varieties of apple trees since these need a higher proportion of nitrogen than the ornamental types.  

These spikes couldn’t be easier to use because you don’t need to bother with any pre-mixing mess and there is no fear of harmful runoff. All you’ll need are the spikes and a hammer to push them into the ground around the tree. For best results do this in either late winter or early spring. Click here for Jobe’s Organics Continuous Release Fertilizer Spikes

How To Use: Sink spikes 1-2 inches into the soil, evenly spaced, around the drip line. Once in spring, then repeat in autumn. The number of spikes to apply depends on trunk diameter.

One thing to note is that animals tend to be attracted to the organic smell of these spikes. So, make sure they are buried well below the surface to prevent curious pets from getting hold of them.

Pros      
  • Great value for money
  • One application needed for the whole season
  • Improves soil condition while fertilizing fruit trees
  • Contains patented Biozome for safe, eco-friendly feeding
Cons
  • Needs to stored in a cool, dry place

If you’re not a fan of spikes, Jobe’s Organics has a fantastic granular fertilizer. They use their special formula of Biozome, which will help to improve the condition of your soil. In turn, the inclusion of the microorganism ‘archaea’ helps to break the granules down faster than other fertilizers resulting in trees becoming more resistant to disease and pests, plus overall improved tree health during the growing season and beyond.

Use this one once fruit trees have matured and you know that your soil has the correct balance of nitrogen. The higher ratio of phosphorus and potassium makes this blend perfect for encouraging buds to develop and fruit to form.

How To Use: For new or potted plantings, work granules into the soil before planting. For established trees, work 1 1/2 cups into the soil around the tree base per foot of tree spread. Check out prices for Jobe’s Organics Fruit & Nut Granular Fertilizer at Amazon.com

The only potential downside to this fertilizer is the smell. While some of Jobe’s other products don’t smell or have a minimal scent, this one does have a strong odor.

Pros      
  • Encouraging bud development and fruit to form
  • Resealable bag for easy pouring and storage
  • Suitable for use in containers or garden beds
Cons
  • Strong ‘organic’ odor

Dr. Earth is my next choice, it’s an organic, slow-release granular fertilizer with an N-P-K of 5-5-2. This is a great fertilizer if you live in a drought-tolerant region or have a shorter growing season because it contains Dr.Earth’s patented TruBiotic formula that releases organic microbes and mycorrhizae into the soil.

It also contains mycorrhizal fungi which help to improve the soil conditions. These added nutrients in the soil will then be absorbed via the roots, increasing the vitality of your fruit trees. Check out offers and prices for Dr. Earth Organic Fruit Tree Fertilizer here.

The combined result of more nourished soil ensures robust root development and highly flavorsome and disease-free fruit. So, if your apple or pear tree is lacking vibrancy, has stunted growth, or drooping leaves, it may need a little root restoration. In which case, this is an ideal fertilizer to use.

How To Use: For established fruit trees, work 1 cup of fertilizer into the soil within the drip line every three months throughout the growing season. For new trees, add 2 cups to the planting hole and water thoroughly. 

Pros      
  • It has probiotics and mycorrhizae that stimulate root development
  • Safe around people, pets and wildlife
Cons
  • Strong ‘organic’ odor

I’ve been a fan of the entire fertilizer range from Down To Earth for some years now. The ingredients in all of their products are all-natural and organic and they go to great lengths both on their packaging and via their website to explain how to get the best out of their products.

Their granular fruit tree and bush organic fertilizer is no exception. Not only is it suitable for apple and pear trees, but you can also use it for a wide range of other fruit trees and shrubs too.

This fertilizer has been specially formulated with an N-P-K ratio of 6-2-4 so it’s perfect for culinary varieties of fruiting trees. It also contains calcium which is known to promote the size and quality of fruit growth and also increase your expected harvest yield. Click here for Down To Earth Fruit Tree Organic Fertilizer

How To Use: For young trees, sprinkle 1 or 2 cups of fertilizer per inch of the trunk directly onto the soil. Repeat this 3 times per year: Once in spring after flowering, another one month later, and then a third application another month after that.

Pros      
  • Added calcium for optimum fruit development
  • Certified organic by the OMRI
  • Versatile use for fruiting trees, shrubs and canes
Cons
  • May require more product for optimum results

This organic fertilizer from Espoma offers versatility when it comes to both sun-loving fruit trees and shade-preferring ornamentals. It contains Espoma’s exclusive Bio-tone microbe formula that results in consistent, slow-release nutrition for all types of non-citrus fruit trees.

This is a slow-release formula. You” need to apply the first application in spring to provide a boost of nutrients and a further application in fall to replenish any nutrient deficiencies that may have occurred during the growing season and to prime soil ready for the following year.

How To Use: Measure out 9 cups (3lbs) of fertilizer per inch of tree trunk. Sprinkle the required measure of granules onto the soil around the tree trunk and within the dripline. Apply once in early spring and again in early fall.

Pros      
  • Versatile enough to benefit shade and full-sun fruit and ornamental trees
  • Shows quick results with ailing trees
Cons
  • Larger amount of product may be needed to achieve expected results
  • Not intended for potted trees   

How to Fertilize Apple Trees Step-by-Step

Fertilizing your trees isn’t as difficult as it seems. Follow along with these steps to ensure a properly fertilized tree. 

Step One 

After you’ve determined what fertilizer to use, you’ll want to wear gloves. Fertilizers can be harmful to the skin. 

Step Two 

Read the directions of your fertilizer carefully. You’ll want to prepare the mixture base according to those instructions so that you don’t harm the tree. 

Step Three 

You’ll apply the fertilizer about a foot away from the trunk. Applying it too close can harm the tree.  

Step Four 

Lastly, spread the fertilizer about a foot away from the drip line, which is where the tree’s roots reach the farthest. 

Fertilizing for Maximum Apple Yield

From experience, you’ll want to fertilize your apple trees after planting them. That way, you can give them a boost so that they produce the maximum amounts of apples. If you’re using a fertilizer specifically formulated for apple trees, then be sure to get the recommended dosage.  

Soil pH

Planting an apple or pear tree in the proper soil will yield far more fruit than if the soil isn’t the correct pH. The first step to ensuring that you get the most out of your apples is performing a thorough soil analysis. Before performing a soil analysis, you’ll need to know the appropriate soil needed for both apple and pear trees. 

Apple Tree Soil pH

When you’re planting an apple tree, you’ll want the pH of the soil to be between 5.8 and 7.0. A pH rating of 7 is considered neutral, while anything below that is acidic. Your apple tree can survive in acidic soil above 5.8 pH, but I’ve found a neutral pH to be optimal. 

Pear Tree Soil pH

For pear trees, the pH of the soil depends heavily on the type of pear tree you’re planting. Many varieties of pear trees need a neutral pH of 7.0. Some pear trees can handle a more acidic pH of anywhere from 5.9 to 6.5. You’ll want to double-check the type of pear tree you’re planting against optimal soil pH before planting. 

Over Fertilizing Apple or Pear Trees

A good rule of thumb when fertilizing is that it’s better to apply less than more. You can always add more fertilizer, but you can’t take it away. If you over-fertilize your apple or pear trees, you might experience your trees becoming soft and fruits falling off easily when watering the tree. 

When to Fertilize Apple Trees

You can fertilize your apple trees anytime during the year, but spring is the best time. Fall is the second-best time to do so alongside spring. 

How Often to Fertilize Apple and Pear Trees

How often you fertilize apple or pear trees depends heavily on the type of fertilizer you use. If you choose granular fertilizer, you can fertilize them less often than you would with liquid fertilizer. Generally speaking, you’ll want to fertilize the trees three times during the growing season. You’ll want to wait about a month in between fertilizing. 

Verdict: Best Fertilizers for Pear Trees or Apples

I hope to have provided you with some real “fruit for thought” having now covered the five best fertilizers for apple and pear trees based on my insight and user experience with these products. I’ve also looked at their ease of use, and value for money plus a deep dive into customer feedback. So what is it to be?

Either Jobes Organics Fruit Tree Fertilizer Spikes or Jobes Organics Fruit and Nut Granules? Both contain the same patented formula and deliver fantastic results. The spikes offer a mess-free and pre-measured approach to fertilizing and are perfect for pear trees and eating varieties of apple trees. The granules on the other hand will increase bud development and flowering of all varieties.

Alternatively, do you need Dr. Earth’s Organic Fruit Tree Fertilizer? Suitable for all varieties of apple and pear trees, especially if they are slightly ailing or you live in a drought-tolerant region or have a shorter growing season.

Best Fertilizer Spikes

Jobe’s Organics Fruit Tree Fertilizer Spike

Convenient pre-measured fertilizer spike designed to be pushed an inch into the ground to provide a slow-release feed right through the growing season.

Check Price

Fertilizing Apple and Pear Trees FAQ’s

If you still have questions regarding fertilizing your apple or pear trees, here’s the most commonly asked question. 

Are coffee grounds good for apple tree fertilizing?

Coffee grounds help to improve the acidity in the soil, which apple trees in particular prefer. They also contain nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, and copper. All of these nutrients are needed to maintain healthy apple and pear trees.

what to fertilize in spring, summer and autumn

Contents

What fertilizers to feed a pear

Mineral fertilizers

Organic fertilizers

Organo-mineral fertilizers

Folk remedies for feeding

Fertilizing pear trees in spring

Summer fertilization

Fertilizing in autumn

Preparing a pear for winter

Fruit trees, such as pears, need regular feeding no less than vegetable crops. Trees spend a lot of nutrients during the summer time on the growth of shoots and the ripening of fruits. But you need to feed the pear not only to get large yields, but also for a normal wintering. Without a number of elements, the shoots of the current year cannot fully mature and winter well. Therefore, it is recommended to feed the pear several times during the season. Only in this way will the trees be healthy and delight with delicious fruits. Let's figure out what and how to feed a pear orchard.

What fertilizers to feed a pear

First, you need to understand - what top dressing can you use? A pear is fertilized at several stages of the growing season, and the complex of nutrients necessary for the culture, and even the physical properties of fertilizers, will depend on the time of application. And some types of dressings may not be suitable due to specific growing conditions. But only planted young pears begin to be fed from the second year, since at first they will have enough nutrients laid in the planting pits. Any root dressing with mineral fertilizers should be combined with abundant watering.


Mineral fertilizers

The timing, methods and amount of fertilizers applied will greatly depend on the type of soil and their composition. The root system of a pear branches more strongly in depth and weaker in the upper horizons of the soil. The best soils for pears are loose loams rich in humus. The optimum pH value of the soil is in the range of 5.0-8.5. Single-component or complex mineral fertilizers feed the pear throughout the season. It is only necessary to correctly select the composition of the funds in accordance with the timing of the growing season. Nutrients in mineral fertilizers are contained in the maximum concentration, so they are usually required much less than organic ones. They are also easier to dose and apply, and on the basis of many products, solutions can be made to carry out foliar feeding.


Potash and phosphorus fertilizers are introduced in autumn into the zone of occurrence of the suction root system, which is most often located under the ends of the pear crown.

It is easy to apply liquid mineral fertilizers even in soddy near-trunk circles that do not dig over. This method of application is the most efficient, allows plants to absorb nutrients most efficiently and prevents losses from water washout and wind blowing. Nitrogen and combined nitrogen-phosphate fertilizers (ammonium nitrate, urea, amophosphate, nitroamophosvat) are applied in the spring (deadlines - immediately after flowering), when the aerial part and root system are actively growing. Later, an excess of this element will lead to an immoderate growth of young shoots that do not have time to fully harden and prepare for winter, and may freeze out.

Also, a high concentration of nitrogen negatively affects the quality of fruits - they noticeably lose their taste and are very poorly stored. Therefore, from the first month of summer and later, top dressing is carried out with a predominance of complex fertilizers. They will help the trees form fruits and prepare for winter. It is even better to take the complex fertilizer Garden-Garden Good power. This universal remedy contains all the necessary complex of macro- and microelements.

In addition to NPK, it includes:

  • magnesium;
  • manganese;
  • boron;
  • zinc;
  • molybdenum;
  • titanium;
  • calcium.

What is important, all trace elements are in the fertilizer in a chelated form, and therefore are quickly and efficiently absorbed by plants. And granules with zeolite will not allow nutrients to simply wash out into the soil, but will allow the root system to absorb them freely. Universal fertilizer can be used for root dressing and for planting a new pear seedling.

Organic fertilizers

Any organic matter, except for ash, contains a large amount of nitrogen. In addition, it, in fact, has a prolonged action, as it decomposes in the soil for a long time. Therefore, organic fertilizer is always recommended to be applied in late autumn. By spring, it is partially mineralized by soil microorganisms and will be able to give nutrients to the trees in spring.

The main types of organic fertilizers are:

  • humus;
  • compost;
  • manure;
  • ash;
  • litter.

Bulk organic matter has one important advantage - it significantly improves the structure of the soil, increasing the humus content and loosening it. True, it is rather problematic to introduce solid organic fertilizers into tree trunks. But this problem can also be solved by using, for example, horse manure TM Good power. It is produced in granules, so the fertilizer is easy to incorporate into the soil even by loosening without digging. Horse manure also lacks the main disadvantages inherent in most fertilizers of this type - an unpleasant odor, the presence of pathogens, pests and weed seeds.

autumn planting (spreading into planting pits) is optimally suited for the application of solid organic fertilizers. It must be remembered that some organic fertilizers cannot be mixed or applied at the same time. So, nitrogen compounds contained in manure react with ash substances with the release of volatile ammonia. As a result, the most important element is lost, for the sake of which, in fact, manure itself is brought in. Yes, and ammonia itself negatively affects the root system. Therefore, ash with droppings and manure must be spread over time, especially since such fertilizers have different tasks. Ash does not contain nitrogen at all and it is better to feed pears with it in early spring, then the moisture retention function will still be performed. And it is recommended to fertilize with manure, droppings or humus in the fall.


Organo-mineral fertilizers

WMD can be called almost ideal fertilizers, combining the main positive qualities of organics and mineral products. For example, in organo-mineral fertilizer Good power for fruit trees and shrubs includes not only the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium triumvirate and other useful microelements, but also humic acids - the most important conductor of plant nutrition and a natural stimulant. Also, this liquid fertilizer contains vitamins and succinic acid and is perfect for both root and foliar dressings. You can make WMD throughout the season, but you need to finish such top dressing a couple of weeks before harvesting.

Folk remedies for feeding

Despite the fact that now you can find a variety of effective fertilizers, some gardeners practice fertilizing with folk remedies.

Specifically used:

  • rotted sawdust, bagasse, husks;
  • leaf litter;
  • hay or straw;
  • yeast infusion;
  • fermented green grass.

Although such fertilizers are a set of nutrients, they cannot boast of quick efficiency. To become available to plants, they must go through a complete cycle of mineralization of organic substances. Therefore, such top dressing can only be recommended as additional, and then on condition that this organic matter is safe for trees and does not contain pathogens or pest larvae and eggs.

Fertilizing pear trees in spring

The main tasks of applying any fertilizer in the spring are to help the awakening of pears, stimulate sap flow and the beginning of growth. At this time, the lion's share of the volume of feeding should fall.

First of all, after the snow melts, nitrogen is introduced. The main thing is that it be in an accessible and easily digestible form.

Nitrogen may be contained in traditional mineral or factory complex fertilizers:

  • NPK;
  • ammonium, potassium and magnesium nitrate;
  • urea.

Mineral nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the near-trunk circles, loosened, and then the soil is watered abundantly. Nutrient solutions can also be prepared. Manufacturers indicate consumption rates on packages, but, for example, carbamide is diluted at the rate of 200-250 g per bucket of water. This volume is enough for the root feeding of two trees.


The lack of nitrogen can be quickly replenished by spring spraying with a solution of the same urea. For this purpose, it is best to use a solution concentration of 0.5 - 1% to ensure the laying and formation of flower buds. During flowering and after it, pears begin to be fed with potassium and phosphorus. You can use complex fertilizers Good power, which we have already mentioned.

Summer fertilization

After the formation of the ovaries and during the filling of the fruits, the pear will also need to be fed. In the summer it is enough to hold them twice - in early June and in July. Trees are fed with fertilizers that contain all three macronutrients, but in a small concentration. Particular attention should be paid to young, fruiting trees for the first time. In summer, it is better to alternate liquid root and foliar applications.

Nutrients with this application are absorbed faster by pears, so you can quickly respond to a clear lack of certain elements. By the way, we remind you that any fertilizers that are applied under the root should not be laid under the trunk itself, but at some distance from it. So, for young pears, holes or grooves are made 7-10 cm deep in a radius of 0.5-1 meters, and for older ones - 1-1.5 meters.

Autumn fertilization

Early autumn top dressing differs from others in a minimum of nitrogen. It, of course, must be present in fertilizers, but the concentration of this element is needed much less than potassium and phosphorus. And they are absolutely necessary for pears in the fall, along with calcium and silicon. Therefore, it is ideal for late summer and autumn dressings. suitable fertilizer universal Summer-Autumn Good power. Its composition is designed for use during this period, taking into account the needs of plants. And for pears, it is valuable in that it restores the strength of trees after fruiting, increases their immunity and contributes to the high-quality ripening of the shoots of the current year. The first autumn top dressing is carried out at the end of August or in the first decade of September.

Preparing a pear for winter

The last top dressing is carried out at the end of September, when the leaves on the trees are already turning yellow. Autumn top dressing allows you to increase the number of suction roots in a pear, which will allow the tree to better endure frosts and avoid winter withering of shoots. Considering the fact that in order to assimilate the necessary elements, and these are potassium and phosphorus, pears will already have a minimum of time before the onset of frost, it is better to dilute fertilizer in water to apply fertilizer. For autumn nutritional irrigation, you can prepare an infusion of ash or dissolve 20-30 g of superphosphate and 15-20 g of potassium chloride in a bucket of water.


In late autumn, it is advisable to lay in the near-trunk circles and organic matter - old humus or compost. During the winter and early spring, it is partially processed by soil microorganisms, and nutrients saturate the soil. If the weather is dry in autumn or your region, in principle, is characterized by a chronic lack of soil moisture, but before wintering, it is advisable to water the pears abundantly with plain water. Depending on the age of the tree, it is necessary to pour 40-60 liters of water. And then, to reduce the evaporation of moisture, mulch the trunk circles.

In fact, the pear is quite unpretentious. Therefore, along with the apple tree, it remains one of the most popular pome garden crops. But in order to get a high quality crop and normally developing trees, you still need to feed it. Often it is the lack of certain elements that reduces the effectiveness of flowering and provokes the discharge of ovaries. But now you know how to do it right.

What to feed during flowering and fruiting

Contents:

  • A brief description of popular varieties
  • than fertilizes a pear in different seasons
    • Feeding pears in the spring
    • Feeding in the summer
    • Feeding
    • Organic fertilizers
    • Mineral fertilizers
    • 900 tips for beginners
      • Consequences of improper nutrition

    Eating pears every day can lower blood cholesterol levels, as well as get rid of excess weight. They have a lot of vitamins and trace elements, so they are recommended for pregnant women, children, people with diabetes and just everyone. And in order for the tree to produce fragrant fruits, it is necessary to decide how to feed the pear.

    Brief description of popular varieties

    There are many varieties of pears:

    • August dew. Summer variety. Obtained by mixing Tenderness and Pakgam's Triumph. Tree of medium height. Pears are juicy, soft, sweet, medium in size. Poorly stored, winter-hardy, resistant to pests. It is necessary to trim the crown, but then the size of the pear decreases.
    • Saratov. Winter grade, frost-resistant. When breeding, the pear Bere and Bergamot were crossed. Can be stored until February. The tree is medium-sized, it is necessary to properly prune for productivity. Pear gives a lot, they are hard, the skin is elastic, the taste is sweet. Color - yellow with a pink side. Fruits for 5 years. Longevity. Resistant to pests and diseases.
    • Belarusian. Late variety. Ripens at the beginning of September. Released in Belarus. Tree up to 3.5 m tall. Pears are light green, later turning slightly yellow. The skin is rough with small dark spots. The pear is juicy, the taste is slightly sour. Winter-hardy, not susceptible to pests. But it does not give a harvest every year. She needs rest.
    • Veles. Autumn variety. Long stored. Large-fruited, weight reaches 150 g. Narrow at the stem and spherical from below in shape. They ripen at the end of summer, hang until October. Red-orange pears, taste sweet, juicy, thin skin.
    • Chizhovskaya. Pear for the Volga region and central Russia. Bred by Chizhov and Potapov. The variety is winter-hardy, self-pollinating. The height of the tree is three meters. The weight of a pear is not more than 150 g. It ripens by the beginning of the autumn period and turns yellow. It does not hang for a long time, it must be torn off. The taste is sweet and fleshy pear, the flesh is white. Resistant to cold and pests.
    • Tenderness. Variety for the Moscow region. The result of crossing Theme and Clapp's Favorite. The tree is medium. Fruiting annual, frost-resistant pear. Resistant to diseases and pests. Unpretentious. Large-fruited, pear-shaped. The taste is sweet. The pulp is juicy, coarse-grained with a pleasant aroma. It can hang on a tree for a long time, and it can also lie in boxes for a long time.

    Each gardener chooses the one suitable for his climate, as well as for taste and useful properties.

    How to feed a pear

    What is the best way to fertilize a pear in different seasons

    Feeding a pear in spring

    How to transplant a pear to another place

    Fertilizers are applied in liquid and granulated form. In a rainy spring, they are brought in for digging at the level of ten centimeters. In dry weather, root and foliar fertilizers are used.

    Steps:

    • Until buds open;
    • Before flowers appear;
    • After flowering.

    How can I feed a pear in spring? For the first time, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied under young trees. These include urea, saltpeter, chicken manure.

    Preparation of the mortar:

    1. Take 2 tbsp. saltpeter spoons.
    2. 100 g of urea is diluted on the floor of a bucket.
    3. 0.5 kg of chicken manure is diluted in 10 liters of warm water. They insist for days.

    After the trees have faded, to improve the quality of the pears, green fertilizers are buried to a depth of 10 cm. Nitrophoska is also added (the proportion is 1 kg of the drug per 200 liters of water). 3 buckets of solution are poured onto one tree.

    Top dressing of pears in spring

    During the formation of pears, fertilize with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

    Important! Spraying is done during cold spring. Plants stop absorbing nutrients and need to be fed leaf by leaf.

    Top dressing in the summer

    From the end of June to the middle of July, the pear is treated with foliar fertilizers (phosphorus-potassium). They are mixed 4 times less than when applied to the ground. Irrigate in the morning in dry weather. In hot weather, this procedure can cause leaf burns.

    Top dressing in autumn

    Carried out in the area around the trunk. This top dressing helps the tree to overwinter. Fertilize after picking pears, when a third of the leaves turn yellow. Top dressing is brought under digging.

    Important! Start fertilizing in the second year after transplanting into open ground.

    If the hole is filled with pear fertilizer according to the rules before planting, the tree does not need to be fed for two years.

    You need to select elements that will not cause the tree to be active. Nitrogen fertilizers are contraindicated. Mostly minerals are used.

    Autumn feeding

    Mixing:

    • Add 1 tbsp. l. potassium chloride and 2 tablespoons of superphosphate. Watered. When digging in autumn, the pear likes to add 150 g of ash per square meter.
    • Mix urea 1 tbsp. spoon, 500 g of wood ash, ammophoska 3 tbsp, superphosphate 2 spoons, phosphate rock 1.5 s. l., potassium sulfate and potassium chloride, 1 tbsp. spoon.

    Peat and humus are also used in autumn. For the winter, mulching is done with organic matter 15 cm thick, which preserves the roots and nourishes the tree.

    At the end of August, foliar top dressing with potassium and phosphorus is done.

    It is important not to over-fertilize, otherwise the leaves and fruits may fall off. It is required to calculate the area of ​​nutrition and the root system of the tree. The age of the tree is up to 4 years - it is necessary to process an area of ​​five square meters. 8 years - 10 sq. meters.

    Organic fertilizers

    How to treat a pear in the spring against pests and diseases

    It is best to use organic fertilizers in the spring, for example, in May. And in the autumn, mineral fertilizers are more suitable.

    Advantages:

    • Organic fertilizers do not harm plants, trees, humans and do not harm the environment.
    • Effective microorganisms contribute to the production of humus. These processes go on continuously, as in nature. The soil acts as a biochemical laboratory. Nutrients are constantly being produced.
    • Beneficial microorganisms are available as concentrates. There are also plant-based solutions. They increase soil fertility.
    • Organic preparations cannot be overdosed.

    Shortcomings:

    • Doesn't last long and needs to be fertilized again.
    • The use of effective microorganisms is possible only in warm weather. In the spring, fertilizers are applied when the temperature is stable at least 12 degrees. Finish top dressing in September.

    The frequency of the procedure depends on the fertility of the soil. Poor soil is fertilized once a week, rich soil - once in three weeks.

    Mineral fertilizers

    Top dressing of pears

    Is it possible to plant a pear next to an apple tree

    Apply in autumn. Fertilizer can be bought or made independently.

    Benefits:

    • Easy to use;
    • Instant action.

    Drawbacks:

    • Fertilizers have a good effect on the ripening of pears, but evaporate quickly, it is necessary to periodically add top dressing;
    • Possible overdose of drugs, leading to the death of a tree or plant;
    • Ready mixtures are used only in a certain season;
    • Do not fertilize in the heat;
    • Check the weather forecast before fertilizing. Since, for example, rain washes away some of the nutrients.

    Natural natural fertilizers

    Plants love the use of wood ash. It is suitable for seedlings of all ages.

    Mulch after fertilizing and watering. Use peat, humus, pine bark. This will allow the nutrients to remain in the soil longer.

    General advice for beginners

    • Every three years the pear is fed with organic matter;
    • Every season they make their own fertilizers. Mixing them is not recommended. You may get a burn of the roots, leading to death;
    • Only mineral dressings are poured into the planting pit. Potassium and nitrogen substances are not added, because you can damage the roots;
    • The state of the tree determines the lack of some element;
    • Fading and underdevelopment of leaves is a sign of a lack of nitrogen, and an excess has a bad effect on winter hardiness, ripening of the bark. In September, all fertilizing with nitrogen should be stopped.
    • Phosphorus deficiency is manifested by the absence of flowers;
    • If the leaves are very dry and wrinkled, the trees should be fertilized with potassium;
    • With a lack of calcium, the leaves become spotty, it is necessary to regularly add ashes. This nourishes the tree and helps fight pests;
    • Liquid organic can be used after it has fermented. Five days you need to insist litter or manure.

    Consequences of improper feeding

    Improper application of fertilizers leads to the fact that: