How to get rid of tree frogs from pool
12 Ways To Keep Frogs Out Of Your Pool (2022)
If you’re a pool owner, frogs can be a REAL pain.
That’s because they can’t tell the difference between a pond they can use safely, and a chlorinated swimming hole meant for humans only. Once they hop into the water, there’s no way to jump out because the pool’s edge is too high.
They can’t use the ladder either because froggy brains haven’t sufficiently evolved to the point that they’re smart enough to do this. They’ll keep swimming round and round in circles, looking to prevent their own imminent watery demise, until they get so exhausted, they drown.
Frogs could be a real pain for the pool owners.
Once they’re dead, you’ve got a problem on your hands!
Dead frogs probably don’t harbor any diseases dangerous to humans. However, it’s best to keep any sources of microorganisms from entering your pool in the first place—including bloated frog corpses.
Here are some ways you can keep Kermit and company out of your pool:
1.Turn the lights off.
If you keep your pool lights on all night long, you might as well hang an “ALL YOU CAN EAT FROGGY BUFFET” sign over your pool. That’s because lights attract insects, which in turn attract frogs in droves.
Bugs are attracted to lights because they use the moon to navigate and mistake your pool lights for the moon.
So, lights off when you’re not using your pool!
2. Offer an exit ramp.
This is any device that lets tiny animals easily get out of your pool on their own—including frogs.
You can buy something called “frog logs.” You merely hang one over the pool edge so the slimy rascals can scramble out. Putting one of these ramps into your pool won’t keep frogs out of the water, but it will cut down on the number of dead ones you’ll have to scoop out.
You can also hang a bodyboard halfway over the edge to help your amphibious friends to scamper to safety.
3. Use a pool cover.
A pool cover is a protective barrier that goes over the top of your pool. One of its many benefits is that it prevents frogs from getting in.
There are solid vinyl covers and mesh safety covers. A safety cover offers excellent peace of mind because kids and pets won’t inadvertently slip underneath and get trapped. Each one has metal anchors that securely lock the cover in place.
Most covers can support two hundred pounds of weight or more. So, unless you know of a humongous mutant frog that recently escaped from a mad scientist’s lab, you should be safe. If you don’t have a cover and want a cheap solution, you can always use a tarp.
Use a couple of well-placed rocks to weigh it down.
4. Install a fence.
A solid fence will stop frogs from ever getting into your pool again. That is, as long they don’t start falling from the sky like they did in the Bible or in the movie “Magnolia.” Invest in one without openings because those with them (like a chain link fence) won’t keep the buggers out.
You can also create a cheap frog barrier. It only needs to be two inches high or so. You can do this by putting wooden boards around your pool, sealing it off from amphibious encroachment.
5. Keep your lawn mowed and free of weeds and debris.
Keep your lawn mowed because frogs like to hang out in tall grass. While you’re at it, whack away thich patches of weeds, because otherwise, the varmints will use them as hideouts.
You’ll also need to get rid of stacked wood and large rocks because they make great hidey holes. Your amphibious chums also like to conceal themselves in shrubs, ferns, and leaf piles, so make sure you get rid of those too.
6. Make your own DIY frog repellent.
You can make a DIY frog repellent to keep your pool blessedly free of amphibious creatures. To do this, fill a spray bottle with vinegar and squirt all around the pool’s edges.
This works because vinegar causes a burning sensation on frogs’ feet. Once they feel this, they’ll madly hop away to look for another aquatic bug smorgasbord.
Citric acid works too. Or, if you prefer, spray some saltwater around your pool. Another thing you can use is bleach. A mixture of this chemical and water sprayed on the cement around your pool will discourage visitations.
Don’t use ammonia fertilizer, because this will only kill them.
7. Sprinkle coffee grounds all around your pool.
Sprinkle some old coffee grounds on the vegetation surrounding your pool. Like vinegar, the acid in coffee grounds irritates froggy feet.
8. Keep your pool water circulating.
Frogs don’t like the moving water…
Frogs love stationary water because they can only lay their eggs when the water stops circulating. So, to foil their plans, buy a pool fountain or waterfall that keeps the water perpetually agitated.
9. Create an alternative habitat.
You’ll want frogs in your garden because they eat insects.
You just don’t want them fouling up the pristine clarity of your pool. You can install a pond on your property so that it becomes a frog attractor.
Hopefully, the pond will be more attractive than your pool to your innumerable froggy friends. Just make sure there are stones or logs strategically placed in the water so that they can hop out when they’ve had their fill of bugs.
10. Relocate tadpole eggs.
Frogs don’t lay eggs with hard shells.
This means they must lay them in the water. Otherwise, the eggs would dry out. A female frog can lay up to 50,000 eggs at one time. Once the frog lays her eggs, they’ll descend to your pool’s bottom in a gelatinous film.
Skim them out and put them elsewhere, like in a pond on your property, or in a kiddie pool.
11. Keep your pool heated.
Frogs absorb oxygen through their skin, so they like heavily oxygenated water. There’s a whole lot more oxygen in cold water than there is in warm water. The colder the water is, the more oxygen it has, and the more inviting it is for frogs.
You can heat up your pool using a solar pool cover, liquid solar cover, solar rings, or a pool heater.
12. Always keep your pool sparkling clean.
Clean pool is less inviting for the frogs.
If you don’t, your pool will be filthy and algae-filled. This will more closely replicate a pond’s conditions, where your slimy buddies feel most at home.
At that point, your pool might as well have a big sign on it that says, “JUMP IN, FROGGIES!” You gotta find a way to make it less inviting. That’s better for you because you won’t have to scoop out yucky dead frogs.
And it’s better for the frogs, who won’t die an untimely death.
So, there you have it—twelve excellent ways to keep frogs out of your pool. If you need to clean out your pool after a particularly nasty frog infestation, you might want to look at the different types of pool cleaners we recommend.
Which method do you think you want to try first? Let us know in the comments!
Our pool maintenance expert, Luke Reed, earned his BS in Civil Engineering from Georgia Tech in 1998. Since then, he’s worked in a variety of industries, including design and construction of luxury swimming pools.
9 Simple Ways To Keep Frogs Out of the Pool9 Simple Ways To Keep Frogs Out of the Pool
Photo: yongyuan / E+ / Getty Images
Frogs jump at the chance to inhabit bodies of water—make sure it’s not your swimming pool
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You always wanted your pool parties to be hoppin’—but not like this. When frogs mistake your swimming pool for a pond, the situation isn’t good for either of you. They can even get stuck in your pool and croak, an unfortunate end for them and beginning to your morning swim.
Whether frogs fascinate you or make you jump, they don’t make welcomed pool visitors (and you certainly don’t want dead frogs floating near your flamingo raft). Here are some effective ways to keep them out.
1. Kill the Pool Lights
If you’re wondering how to keep frogs out of the pool, removing as much of their food source as possible is a good strategy. Nighttime pool lights will attract bugs, turning the area into a froggy foodie function. It’s best to kill the lights at night to avoid inviting them for their favorite insect munchies.
2. Keep the Pool Water Moving
Frogs look for still bodies of water to relax and hunt for insects. If your pool surface is in motion, it will be far less appealing to them. Consider adding a pool pump to keep the water moving. You can also add a moving water feature to your pool, such as a waterfall or fountain.
3. Consider Adding an Alternate Habitat to Direct Frogs to the Right Place
Photo: fotolinchen / E+ / Getty Images
While you might find the croaks from froggy festivities annoying, it’s actually beneficial to have them around. They’ll turn your yard into an all-night diner full of the pesky insects that bug you. But that swimming pool that you’ve worked so hard to maintain? Not the best spot for your amphibian allies.
Instead of banishing them for good, consider adding an alternate habitat. If you’ve always wanted to build a backyard pond, here’s a perfect reason to get started. As a bonus, natural water features are an important part of pollinator habitats, and they invite beneficial insects like dragonflies who will chow down on garden pests.
4. Consider the Most Humane Ways to Repel Frogs
Frogs intensely dislike salt and anything acidic, as it causes a burning sensation on their feet. This means that sprinkling salt or spraying around your pool with vinegar or citric acid will quickly cause them to hop elsewhere. Avoid spraying directly on the frog’s body or using ammonia and other harmful chemicals, as this can kill the creatures. Remember that these will also harm or kill your plants, so be careful where you put them.
You can also border your pool area with coffee grounds for an additional buffer. Again, be cautious if you place the grounds near any plants. Acid-loving plants like hydrangeas, daffodils, and azaleas are generally a safe choice, but it’s a good idea to get an evaluation from a local soil testing service to ensure you won’t be making the soil too acidic.
5. Maintain a Clean Pool For a Good Swimming Experience (and Way Fewer Frogs)
Keeping your pool clean isn’t just beneficial for you—it also helps keep frogs out. If you have algae, leaves, and other debris in your pool, a frog is more likely to mistake it for a pond. What’s more, live frogs can carry bacteria and other icky things that may pollute your pool water if not treated with the proper chemicals. Be sure to skim regularly and maintain your pool chemical balance to avoid the open invite.
6. Keep Your Yard Clear and Trimmed
Frogs are nocturnal, so they’ll be on the hunt for spots to hide and snooze during the day. By keeping your grass trimmed and your yard free of weeds, debris, and other hiding spots, you’re likely to have fewer visitors at night.
7. Skim Frog Eggs ASAP
Frogs lay their eggs in water, which means—cringe—you might end up with one of their gelatinous egg clusters floating around your pool. If you see frog eggs, use your pool skimmer to pick them up right away. Consider relocating them to a nearby pond or wetland area.
8. Use a Pool Cover to Block Out Frogs and Other Small Animals
Photo: LARISA SHPINEVA / iStock / Getty Images Plus
Using a cover is good practice for pool maintenance in general, but it’s also extremely effective at keeping out frogs and other small animals. They’ll even block out insects, so you’ll have way fewer traumatic encounters with dead frogs and creepy crawlies during your swims.
9. Keep Your Pool Heated
Frogs have a hefty preference for cold water over warm, as cold water has higher oxygen content. Since they absorb oxygen through their skin, frogs will always hop towards colder, more heavily oxygenated water. You can make your pool less inviting to them by investing in the cost of a pool heater or solar pool cover. Having warmer water for swimming is a welcome bonus.
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Red-spotted Toad Frog | Aquaria2.ru
It all started with a call from my friend terrariumist:
- Some new tree frogs are being sold at Ptichka! If we take a "bunch", there will be a discount.
Summer has just ended. The money in my pocket at this time is not something that would be small, but catastrophically small. But an acquaintance (by the way, a miniature pretty woman) moaned so stubbornly and for a long time that, finally, she moved me to pity, and we went to Ptichka. The breeder brought a few tree frogs and at the same time captured their mom and dad. I had never seen such frogs before. I will not describe the appearance of the frogs, the photographs are more informative. The species has not yet been identified. It may well be that he is not yet known to science. According to the well-known St. Petersburg terrariumist E. Rybaltovsky, this tree frog belongs to the genus Frog Frogs (Phrynohyas). Fanciers know well the beautifully colored representative of this genus - the harlequin toad frog (Phrynohyas resinifictrix). While taxonomists will study the novelty, I will call it the red-spotted toad frog (Phrynohyas sp. "Red Spot").
New toad-frog - not a small frog
Male Phrynohyas sp. "Red Spot" serenades.
Such double pouches are characteristic of at least
one of the described representatives of the genus
In the arms of love
Phrynohyas sp. caviar. "Red Spot"
Diurnal tree frog larvae look like little angels
Tadpole development proceeds rapidly
Such a difference in the size of tadpoles of the same age -
the result of a greater (in the foreground)
or a lesser (rear) fit density
A crucial moment: the "birth" of the front pair of limbs.
You can see how a tiny elbow sticks out from under the thin skin of a tadpole.
The first exit to land. Now it's Amphibian!
Parting with a ponytail
The baby is one month old
To all the questions, the "frog breeder" could only say that these frogs were brought from Brazil a couple of years ago by one of his friends, but he did not say where exactly he was and where he caught the frogs. Just in case, I asked the owner to sell the producers to me. And got rejected.
A couple of months later my St. Petersburg friend Zhenya Rybaltovsky came to visit me. Seeing the tree frog, he literally stuck his suckers to the glass of the terrarium (you will breed amphibians for a long time - and you will have suckers). So the frogs went to Vsevolozhsk, to the Children's Zoo.
And before the New Year my phone rang, and I heard the question of the tree frog grower: "Are you going to pick up tree frogs?" Only on January 15, 2005 did the Brazilian "migrants" finally come to me.
The length of the male and female was the same - 95 mm. The length of the fore and hind limbs, respectively: 37 and 78 mm in the female, 35 and 73 mm in the male.
Temporarily I put them in a plastic sump without heating. The background temperature in the room was 24-25°C during the day and about 21°C at night. Despite this, the male showed amazing activity and "sang" all night long. It was heard through two closed doors. I don't know what our neighbors thought... I don't even want to ask. By the evening of the next day, the sweet couple (the frog "don Juan" did not want to leave his passion alone) was transferred to the aquaterrarium. The water in the reservoir was kept clean by an internal filter equipped with a "flute". The land was occupied by pots made of coconut fiber (coir) with moisture-loving plants. The water temperature was maintained at the level of 30 °С, air - 26-28 °С.
For two more nights the male vocalized, preventing us from sleeping. The loud sounds he made were more like the grunts of a hefty pig. One would think that he was preparing for some prestigious competition of popular singers. During the day, the male spent on the shore, basking under the jets of a sprinkler, but in the evening he splashed with pleasure in the pool. The female didn't seem to be interested in anything. She (as befits well-bred girls) sat quietly in a corner with a languid look, huddled between the wall of the terrarium and a shaggy coir pot. However, the male did not pay any attention to her.
On the afternoon of January 18, I had to leave home for a short while. And when I returned, the whole bottom of the reservoir was covered with caviar. Spawning, apparently, lasted no more than an hour. It was impossible to determine the number of eggs, but according to very conservative estimates, the female spawned at least two thousand eggs with a diameter of about 2 mm. The jelly-like shell is small, weakly sticky, the eggs were collected in small piles or lay on the bottom one by one and did not attach to the substrate (in the harlequin tree frog, the eggs are floating). Some of the eggs turned white, but most of the eggs were alive and developed normally. The water temperature was about 28-30 °С, air 25-26 °С. The male was not going to release the female even after spawning. She, apparently, was terribly tired of this whole story, she was tired and clearly wanted to be left alone. I had to help the female and remove her persistent husband from her. The male is not very upset. He sat comfortably on my arm and clutched my fingers with passion. It wasn't easy to shake it off. The female was left in the aquarium to rest.
After about 20 hours more than half of the tadpoles hatched. They looked like black leaves and lay at the bottom. After another four hours, some larvae began to try to swim and attach themselves to various objects: pieces of bark, aquatic plants. Tadpoles developed rapidly. Until 10 am on January 20 (about 40 hours old), they were already actively swimming, having eaten the remaining unfertilized eggs (about 30% of it), the remains of egg shells, and at the same time plants floating in the pool. All this suggests that these tree frogs lay their eggs in temporary reservoirs, where delay can mean death. Apparently, the presence of unfertilized eggs in the clutch is also aimed at survival in the conditions of the most severe struggle: non-developing eggs are a substitute for mother's "milk".
In the absence of other food, I gave the tadpoles several times a day branded cichlid pellets with a high protein content, diversifying the menu with ceratopteris ferns. The tadpoles grew rapidly. By January 25, it became quite crowded in the aquaterrarium pool. Some of them were transferred to a spacious aquarium with warm (28 °C) water and a powerful filter with a large foam rubber sponge. Stocking density was three to four tadpoles per litre. The remaining larvae lived in less comfortable conditions: 20-40 pieces per liter (I can’t say for sure - I didn’t have time to count them). A few days later it turned out that I would not be able to observe normally, let alone film the development of tadpoles in a common aquarium. The food spoiled the water, turning it into an intense pink color. It was not possible to get rid of it with daily water changes. The filter didn't help either.
On February 5, the most "advanced" tadpoles had hind limbs, and on February 13, the first frogs were already sitting on the rafts and walls of the aquarium. They had to be caught and transferred to a nursery terrarium. The kids did not like this procedure, and they tried in every possible way to hide in pink opaque water. Unfortunately, the frogs remaining in the aquarium were not always able to stay on the walls, and they fell into the water. Here, their younger brothers and sisters were waiting for them, helplessly floundering. They swooped down on the upstarts and ate them alive. This behavior, by the way, is also characteristic of many other tailless amphibians. In order not to lose the tree frogs, we had to transfer both frogs and tadpoles to the aquaterrarium where they were born. Here they live now. The disadvantage of this growing method is that I still don't know how many frogs I have. Therefore, they have to be fed "by eye", which, with the voracity of tree frogs (two or three crickets or cockroaches 1-1.5 cm long per day), does not please my wallet very much.
The characteristic red spots have already begun to appear on two week old tree frogs. Frogs (a feature not typical of nocturnal arboreal anurans) require ultraviolet irradiation. Without it, tree frogs show signs of rickets by the age of two or three months. This unpleasant fact was revealed when growing frogs from the first litter. Installing "Repty Glo 5.0" lamps in the terrarium and feeding insects sprinkled with calcium powder to frogs prevents the development of the disease, but some tree frogs have defective hind limbs and plump "Negro" lips.
The initial food was fruit flies, which I breed on bananas. As the frogs grew, they began to eat small crickets, cockroaches. They do not refuse either the bloodworm or the flour worm. Crickets of a slightly shorter length than the gluttons themselves fit into their huge mouths. Three weeks later, the largest tree frogs began to try to eat small brothers. At the age of one month, the body length of the largest tree frogs was 30-40 mm. Interestingly, at the time of writing, some of the tadpoles from the described group did not develop limbs, despite warm water and intensive feeding.
Adult tree frogs feed on various insects, frogs, mice (even already hairy ones).
The red-spotted toad frog, like its better-known cousin, is poisonous. Rinse your hands thoroughly after handling frogs, and do this several times. I experienced the effect of the poison on myself. After photographing adult tree frogs, I washed my hands with soap and then sat down at the computer. I don’t remember whether I rubbed my nose or my lip, but the effect was not long in coming: my lip began to burn, as if it had been rubbed with hot pepper, three streams flowed from my nose, and incessant sneezing began to shake the apartment. It was possible to eliminate the runny nose in a few hours by washing the nasopharynx with isotonic saline "Aqua Maris", but the next day the lip was numb.
And how do the tadpoles, lagging behind in development from their fellows, feel? In mid-February, I transplanted them into a large aquarium. Here they continue to grow, and some finally have hind limbs.
Common tree frog: keeping in a terrarium, feeding, photo, video.
In appearance, the common tree frog looks like a small frog, with long and thin legs. Excellent climbs on smooth vertical surfaces, jumps and swims well. The eyes are large and expressive. The ends of the fingers of the tree frog are widened, with suction discs. Between the fingers of the hind limbs there are membranes. The skin on the back is smooth, on the ventral side coarse-grained. Sexual dimorphism is weakly expressed: males have a large resonator on the throat, marriage calluses on the first finger of the forelimbs.
The color of the common tree frog
The color of the tree frog is bright green above, white-yellow below. The top is separated from the bottom by a thin black strip forming a loop upwards in the groin area with a white border on the upper side. There is no dark spot under the eye. The coloration is very variable and depends on humidity, ambient temperature and the background on which the tree frog is located. In clear, warm weather, the frogs are light green; in cool gloomy weather it becomes brown or dark gray; during hibernation become very dark; and spotted tree frogs come across among the forbs.
Related article Contents of common tree frog (Hyla arborea)
Description: Tree frogs are a diverse family of amphibians that includes more than 800 species. Not all species live in trees. The feature that unites them is that the vast majority of amphibians belonging to this family have special discs at the ends of their fingers that help the animal stick when moving along vertical surfaces. Attachment to the substrate is stronger, the less air between it and the disk. Special muscles allow the discs to become flatter and more tightly pressed against the surface on which the animal moves. This process also involves areas of the skin of the abdomen and throat. Tree frogs come in a variety of colors, though many are only familiar with the brightly colored species. Most American species are green, gray or brown. Some, such as the squirrel tree frog (Hyla squirella), have the ability to change color like a chameleon.
Size: Tree frogs come in many sizes, but most breeds are very small as they live on leaves and thin branches. At 10 to 14 cm long, with whitened lips, the frog (Litoria infrafrenata) from Australia and Oceania is the largest tree frog in the world. The largest tree frog in the United States reaches 13 cm, and the smallest members of the family are not much more than 1 cm!
Diet: Adult tree frogs are usually insectivorous. They catch flies, ants, crickets, beetles, butterflies and other small invertebrates. However, at the beginning of life, in the tadpole stage, almost all frogs are "herbivores".
Enemies: Tree frogs serve as food for various carnivores. Mammals, reptiles, birds, fish all eat tree frogs. Many of the frogs rely on camouflage to protect themselves from predators, and the brightly colored members of the family use this to inform predators of their poisonousness. It should be noted that quite harmless frogs also use warning coloring, disguising themselves as poisonous ones. Toxicity: First, not all poison dart frogs that have bright warning colors are dangerous to humans. As mentioned above, many only disguise themselves as poisonous. Secondly, in order to cause harm, the poison must enter your body, as it happens with a predator that eats a frog. It is better to make it a rule for yourself: do not grab unfamiliar exotic animals with your hands, and everything will be in order. There are studies that the frog's body does not directly produce poison - it adsorbs the toxins of small insects (termites, ants, flies, spiders and beetles). Apparently, therefore, tree frogs, grown in captivity and deprived of their usual food, are absolutely harmless.
The average lifespan of tree frogs varies between species. Some of them live quite a long time, although they are smaller than toads. For example, the Australian Green Tree Frog (Litoria caerulea) often lives up to 15 years or more in captivity. Species with a lifespan of less than three years are considered short-lived. North American gray tree frogs (Hyla versicolor and H. chrysoscelis) are in between, with a lifespan of five to nine years. Habitat: Not surprisingly, the vast majority of tree frogs live in trees. They have special adaptations for this: discs on their fingertips and long legs for jumping. But not all species prefer trees. Among the treeworts there are frogs that live in lakes and ponds, as well as in wet forest litter.
Distribution: Although tree frogs are found on every continent (with the exception of Antarctica), they are most abundant in the New World tropics. About 30 species live in the United States, and over 600 can be found in South and Central America.
Reproduction: Almost all males use their voice to attract a mate. Each species of frog has its own sound, so that females can hear potential suitors of their own species by ear. The most famous is the call of the Baja California tree frog (Pseudacris hypochondriaca), which has been used for outdoor scenes in many Hollywood films, even outside the frog's range!
Some frogs begin their development as miniature adults, bypassing the tadpole stage. However, this is rather an exception, and most trees develop according to the traditional scenario. When a tadpole becomes mature, its tail dissolves and legs begin to grow until adult proportions are reached.
Conservation: The number of amphibians worldwide is declining and tree frogs are considered one of the most vulnerable groups, candidates for extinction. They breathe through their skin, which makes them particularly sensitive to environmental changes. The extinction of amphibians is due to habitat destruction, pollution, climate change, and diseases such as chytridiomycosis.
Common tree frog habitat
The tree frog lives in deciduous and mixed forests, shrubs, meadows, river valleys, reclamation canal banks, as well as in gardens and parks, vineyards and other types of anthropogenic landscapes. In the mountains it rises up to 1500 m above sea level.
Spends most of its life in trees, bushes or tall herbaceous plants, where it completely blends into the background on which it keeps, and it can be difficult to notice. Willingly inhabits the lower and middle tiers of the forest, while rising to a height of about 2 m.
Keeping in a terrarium
Tree frogs need a vertical type terrarium (bottom 20×20 cm and height 50 cm), with a shallow pond (about 5-10 cm deep - they like to dive periodically) and dense vegetation (moisture-loving plants), plus aquarium plants in the pond itself - underwater and floating on the surface of the water. At the bottom of the reservoir, you should put aquarium pebbles and install a large stone - tree frogs will sit on it with pleasure. It is possible to launch several snails into the reservoir - snails, for natural cleaning of the walls (they will feed on aquatic plants).
It is better to build the door in the terrarium from above and not leave the top open - you are dealing with first-class climbers. It is convenient to launch crickets and flies through the top door and close it instantly. Otherwise, you will have to look for fugitives all over the room - both tree frogs and their food. You can use another type of terrarium - without plants in flowerpots, but with a large number of aquarium plants floating in the pond. 30 × 30 cm along the bottom, 40 cm high. In this case, water is poured up to half, large grotto stones are installed and aquarium plants are launched. Thus, tree frogs will also feel comfortable both in water and on land.
It is best to feed the animals with tweezers, especially if you have several tree frogs. You will not only be able to control the amount of food that each inhabitant of the terrarium receives, but also, if necessary, give certain doses of vitamins. The food must first be fed with vitamins for amphibians and then already "filled" to give tree frogs. The diet of woodworms includes almost all invertebrates. At home, it is most convenient to feed them with cockroaches (but not neighbors, if any - they can be pickled), flies.
Common tree frog is predominantly crepuscular and nocturnal. At dusk, it descends to the ground, bathes in dew or water and hunts. The day is spent motionless, attached to a leaf or simply to a tree trunk, grabbing prey flying by. For wandering through the trees, tree frogs have suction discs on their fingers, which hold them firmly on the smooth surface of leaves and tree trunks. With the help of these disks, tree frogs can climb up the wet surface of glass, and when resting on vertical surfaces, for reliability, stick to them with their abdomen.
In September-October they winter in forest litter, moss, abandoned burrows, hollows, under heaps of stones, tree roots with deep entrances, in silt at the bottom of reservoirs. They wake up in April-May and gather in large numbers near water bodies. Spawning sites can be removed from wintering sites at a distance of 100 m to 10 km.
What you need to know about the characteristics of behavior
Common tree frog with its peaceful disposition, good appetite and calm behavior quickly adapts to captivity. As a rule, it does not create problems for future owners, but one should take into account the fact that the male will periodically “sing”. It has been observed that males love to "talk", especially if they hear the sounds of music or conversation. Females are more silent: she can only speak in case of danger.
The predominantly nocturnal natural activity of frogs at home changes somewhat: tree frogs in terrariums are more mobile during the day, and rest at night.
Diet / food of common tree frog
96% of the total diet consists of terrestrial food (flea beetles, click beetles, leaf beetles, caterpillars, ants and orthoptera), including 15-20% of flying insects. When catching prey, the common tree frog throws out a long sticky tongue that hits the victim, and when capturing large prey, it pushes it into its mouth with the help of its front paws.
Common tree frog: maintenance and feeding
In a terrarium, tree frogs are fed house/banana crickets, marbled cockroaches, mealworms, zofobas, etc.
Tadpoles are usually carnivorous. They are also fed with invertebrates (daphnia, bloodworms, cyclops). Juveniles are fed every day, adults - once every 2 days. Once a month, vitamins are added to the feed (in accordance with the instructions) and calcium supplements, crushed eggshells.
Common tree frog spawns in stagnant, well-heated water bodies. It prefers more or less open areas with water bodies, the banks of which are densely bordered by grassy vegetation (for example, reeds and reeds), shrubs and trees.
Spawning starts when the water temperature in the pond rises to 13°C. During the breeding season, males begin their concerts even before dawn and scream all night, guarding their territory and warning rivals with screams that it is already occupied. Females descend into the pond when it becomes completely dark. Amplexus axillary. If there is no large reservoir in the neighborhood, tree frogs spawn in any hole filled with water. The female can use small accumulations of water for laying eggs in the axils of the leaves of some plants, in hollows, in moist areas of soil overgrown with moss, etc. If the eggs are laid out of the water, then the gelatinous shell of the eggs protects the eggs from drying out - with a lack of moisture, it becomes thicker, covered with a film and preventing the evaporation of moisture.
Caviar is deposited on the bottom of a reservoir or aquatic vegetation in dense lumps of spherical shape. One female lays up to 800-1000 eggs in several portions within 2-3 days.
The number and size of eggs increase with the age of females. For example, two-year-old tree frogs lay about 500 eggs (diameter about 1 mm), three-year-olds - about 800 eggs (diameter 1.2 mm), four-year-olds - about 1100 eggs (diameter 1.4 mm), and five-year-olds - more than 1300 (diameter 1.2 mm). 6 mm). Parents after spawning return to the trees.
Frog in the wild
The habitat of this species of frog is almost the entire European territory. Its second name is tree frog. This animal has a rather calm disposition. The tree frog usually sits on rocks, tree trunks, plants, or in thickets of grass. You may not even notice it right away, because it looks like a leaf that has fallen from a tree. In addition, she perfectly knows how to disguise herself under the environment.
Disguised, the frog hunts for insects, waiting for them in a shelter. The tree frog leads a rather active lifestyle. She is an excellent swimmer and can easily jump onto different plants. Usually in the natural environment, the activity of these animals occurs with the advent of twilight. It is at this time that they begin to really hunt. These frogs see perfectly in the dark, so nothing prevents them from hunting in the dark.
The tree frog is perfectly oriented in the dark and leads an active nocturnal lifestyle
The main part of the frog's diet includes insects that fly - these are mosquitoes, butterflies, flies. In addition, she is able to catch small moving animals. Its main weapon is a sticky tongue, as well as jaws, with which it is able to capture medium-sized prey that does not fly. The tree frog is not poisonous. It belongs to harmless amphibians and does not paralyze prey with poison , but only captures it. From the dangers of the surrounding world, the frog is protected by the ability to hide and merge with the environment around.
There are a huge number of tree frog varieties. The main family is divided into three subfamilies, in which there are about 900 species. Of the most famous, belonging to the subfamily Hylinae, we can distinguish:
- Snapping tree frog. It is most often found on the coasts of small reservoirs and slow-flowing rivers, as well as in the wetlands of North America. An adult male in size reaches two centimeters, and a female about four. There are warts on the skin on the sides. The color is gray-brown, with yellowish, greenish hues. There are bright green or brown stripes on the abdomen. The elongated muzzle is decorated with a dark spot, shaped like a triangle located between the eyes. During the breeding season, males make a sound that is similar to the knock of small pebbles against each other.
The clicking tree frog got its name from the fact that males make click-like sounds during mating season.
- Cricket tree frog. It lives mainly on the territory of North America in wet ravines, small reservoirs, where dense grassy vegetation is present. There are no warts on the skin of this tree. The shade of her skin is brown or gray-brown with almost black spots, which are framed by a light green rim. In females, there is a light spot on the neck, which is quite clearly visible. A distinctive feature of this type of frog is the ability to disguise itself, changing color and easily adapting to the environment. Adult females usually grow up to 3.5 centimeters in length, and males are slightly smaller - about three. In nature, cricket tree frogs usually live for a year. They lead a solitary lifestyle and gather only during the breeding season. Their voice is similar to the sounds made by crickets, thanks to which they got their name.
The frog has a short lifespan - only a year
- Piebald tree frog. The range is mainly the tropical forests of South America, which are part of the ecological system of the Amazon basin. Most often they are found in Venezuela, Peru, Colombia. The size of the female can be up to five centimeters. The male is slightly smaller. On the head of the freshwater there are large bulging eyes. There are well-developed suckers on the front and hind legs. The color of the skin is distinguished by a variety of shades. These tree frogs spend most of their lives on trees, descending from them only during the breeding season. Most active at night.
- Common tree frog (evichina). It lives in the forest regions of Poland, Norway, Lithuania, Ukraine, Belarus. Adult females grow a little more than five centimeters, and males are smaller. The color can be green, with a bluish or dark gray tint. At the same time, it is able to change, adjusting to the main shade of the environment and the physiological state of the amphibian. During the day, it mostly spends time in the grass or in the foliage of shrubs, and at night it begins to hunt insects. The life span of this frog in the wild is approximately 12 years.
An adult common tree frog is only 5 cm long.
- Cuban tree frog. It is considered one of the largest tree frog species in the world. The habitat is woody and shrubby thickets, located near water bodies. They are found in the Bahamas and Cayman Islands, as well as in the southern states of the United States. Their size is from 11 to 13 centimeters, but some individuals grow up to 15 centimeters. The back is covered with small tubercles. The coloration of females and males is slightly different. The fingers have well developed suckers. He hunts in the dark, and prefers to sleep in the daytime.
In addition to these species, there are several other subfamilies. All tree frogs are very diverse in color, but united in a common appearance.
When the breeding season comes, frogs choose a suitable place for themselves. Usually it is a small stagnant reservoir, which is surrounded by dense and high vegetation (shrubs or reeds). Males are in the water and call females with rhythmic calls. It was males that nature rewarded with throat resonators , which they actively use during the mating season and thanks to which the “melody” characteristic of frogs is heard. On the reservoir, which will serve as a spawning ground, male tree frogs gather from all over the area and their choral singing reaches its climax in the evening.
A distinctive feature of males is their throat pouch, due to which they emit loud enough sounds necessary to attract females during the mating season spawning. In view of this, there are always more of them on the reservoir, and females have a choice.
The female lays eggs in several batches (from three to twenty-one). They are a small clump of eggs that attach to aquatic plants. One serving can contain from 15 to 215 eggs. The development of embryos lasts about two weeks, after which they become larvae, and their growth continues for another 1.5 to three months.
Sometimes the larvae grow in small frogs only after winter, and still hibernate as larvae. Frogs reach sexual maturity by two to four years. Life expectancy in the natural environment is about 12 years, and when kept in terrariums, it grows to 20-22 years.
Development of common tree frog
Frog roe develops at the bottom of water bodies. The tadpoles are light, yellowish, they are wide, the eyes are strongly shifted to the sides. The gill opening is on the left side of the body and points back and up, while the anus is on the right side. The caudal fin is high with a pointed end. There are two rows of denticles on the upper lip of the oral disc and three rows on the lower lip. On the fourth day, the larvae develop short external gills. If the eggs were laid directly on wet ground, then the larvae hatch with underdeveloped gills or without them.
Hind limbs grow at 50 days of age. Before metamorphosis, tadpoles are about 125% of the size of adults. Metamorphosis occurs after 3 months, when young tree frogs grow up to 45-50 mm in length.
There is evidence that the mortality of young tree frogs during the year reaches 34-95% (according to different authors). After metamorphosis, young tree frogs stay near water bodies for some time, and then go to wintering grounds.
Reproduction of tree frogs (tree frogs)
Depending on the species, tree frog breeding methods may differ slightly from each other. Male tree frogs living in the branches descend to the ground and begin to scream invitingly, calling the females. In most cases, the mating process takes place in the water. The female tree frog lays eggs on the underwater parts of plants in a pond or a specially prepared pool, after which the males fertilize it. Some species of tree frogs mate on the ground and attach eggs in twisted leaves or carry them on their backs until their offspring mature.
Cuban frog spawns
Tree frog eggs
Tree frog eggs
The number of eggs in a tree frog clutch may exceed 20 pieces. The aging period lasts from 40 hours to 14 days. The tree frog larvae that appear within 50-100 days undergo metamorphoses until they become similar to their parents.
Puberty on average occurs in the second or third year of life.
Tree frog roe
Tree frog tadpole
Newborn tree frog
Threats to the species: loss and degradation of habitat (pollution of water bodies, deforestation, construction of hydraulic structures). Currently, 6-8 subspecies are distinguished, of which 3 are found within our country. Poison is released on the skin - a peptide that is not dangerous for humans. After contact with a frog, it is advisable to wash your hands.
The common tree frog is listed in the IUCN Red List as a species with a low risk of extinction.
Literature: 1. I.P. Sosnovsky. Amphibians and reptiles of the forest, Forest industry, 1983 2. Key to amphibians and reptiles of the fauna of the USSR. Moscow, Enlightenment, 1977 3. Altmann Khorog. Poisonous plants. Poisonous animals / Per, with it. - M.: 4. Ya. I. Garanin, Amphibians and reptiles of the Volga-Kama region, Nauka Publishing House, 1983 5. Translation from English www.zooclub.ru 6. Amphibians of Ukraine. Eugene Pisanets, Kyiv, 2007 7. Essays on biology. A.G. Bannikov, M.N. Denisova. Moscow, 1956 8. Plants and animals. K. Nidon, Dr. I. Peterman, P. Scheffel, B. Shayba Translated from German by N.V. Khmelevskoy, Moscow "Mir", 1991
To create the necessary conditions for reproduction, it is necessary to organize a pond with stagnant water , shrubs and tall plants. Males climb them and begin to sing mating songs. The female, as a rule, lays from 3 to 21 servings of eggs.