How to grow a christmas tree from seed


How to Grow a Christmas Tree From Seed

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We are a Christmas tree farm family. Each December, we head out to a local tree farm to pick out the perfect evergreen to grace our home for the holidays. And each year, I come home itching to plant Christmas trees.

When I lived in southern Pennsylvania, I recall one year, I got talking with the owner of a small local tree farm, and he said his family planted their first batch of Christmas trees shortly after their first child was born. They had come up with the idea to start a Christmas tree farm and run the operation long enough to fund their firstborn and any subsequent children’s college tuition.

I thought that was such a wonderful idea.

I asked how old his kids were, and he said, “Oh, we’re grandparents now. We loved it so much we never stopped.”

It got me thinking about growing a Christmas tree to mark special occasions, like when a child is born or celebrating an anniversary or a graduation or a marriage. You would have a very special Christmas tree in about ten years.

I wonder if it’s dreaming of wearing a star someday.

Even if you don’t plant them to commemorate a milestone, growing your own Christmas tree from a tiny little seed is such a wonderful idea.

Perhaps a particular species of evergreen isn’t commonly found at your local tree farms? Here’s your chance to grow them yourself.

If you’ve got the land and the patience, why not plant a few trees? Or plant a couple every year. You could be growing some wonderful future Christmas memories. And once the trees are big enough to support lights or ornaments, you could even begin decorating them while they’re still growing.

Environmental Benefits

Growing a Christmas tree or two (or even many) has several benefits to your property.

  • Evergreens tend to do well in less than ideal soil
  • More trees equal more carbon reduction and more oxygen
  • Planting trees on your property prevents soil erosion
  • Depending on where you plant them, the trees can be a wind block to shelter a garden or more tender plants
  • You are providing a habitat and food for small local wildlife such as birds and squirrels

If you want the lo-down on why real Christmas trees are so great, check out Real vs. Fake – 9 Reasons To Choose A Real Christmas Tree This Year & Every Year.

What Type of Christmas Tree Should I Grow?

Spruces, firs, and pines are the traditional Christmas tree line-up. And among those evergreens, you’ve got quite a variety to choose from. Here’s a list of the most popular Christmas tree varieties.

All have become Christmas tree classics because of their good needle retention, attractive foliage and shape, and that wonderful pine scent we all know and love.

Consider growing more than one variety. You may find a new favorite.

Naturally, you’ll need to do a little research to see what evergreens grow best where you live based on hardiness zones and soil. A good place to start is by identifying evergreens that grow naturally in nearby forests. Another good resource is to check with your local agriculture extension office.

The Spruces

Easily identified by their four-sided needles and their lovely white or blue-gray coloring, these Christmas trees always look lovely when lit with white lights, which show off the tree’s beautiful foliage.

  • White – Picea glauca – zones 2-7
This small white spruce will grow into a wonderful Christmas tree.
  • Colorado Blue – Picea pungens – zones 4-7a
Blue spruce offer a unique Christmas tree with it’s pale blue-gray needles. Than can be extra prickly though.

The Firs

Fir trees are an easy favorite for real Christmas tree lovers because of their soft, flat needles and prolific branches. They’re also known for keeping their scent throughout the holidays.

  • Balsam – Abies balsamea – zones 3-6
When it comes to pine trees, nothing beats the scent of balsam.
  • Fraser – Abies fraseri – zones 4-7
Closely related to the balsam fir, the fraser fir is nearly indistinguishable from it’s more northern cousin.
  • Concolor – Abies concolor – zones 4-7
The long flat needles of the concolor make for a different Christmas tree experience, but beautiful all the same.
  • Noble – Abies procera – zones 4-5
For some the noble fir is the epitome of Christmas trees.

The Pines

True pine trees, with their long slender needles, grow a little faster than other evergreens, meaning you could have a Christmas tree in as few as six years.

  • White – Pinus strobus – zones 3-8
The white pine, also known as the eastern white pine, is often referred to as the Charlie Brown Christmas tree, due to it’s softly draping branches. These trees don’t do well with large, heavy ornaments.
  • Scotch or Scots –  Pinus sylvestris – zones 3-7
The Scotch or Scots pine will hang onto its needles right up until the very end. It’s a very sturdy Christmas tree option.
  • Sand – Pinus clausa – zones 7-10
A rather scrubby pine, the sand pine grows well in warmer climates.
  • Virginia – Pinus virginiana – zones 4-8
Another Christmas tree for those who like the rugged look of pines, the Virginia pine.

Starting a Christmas Tree from Seed

Naturally, you can grow a Christmas tree from seeds collected from cones of the species you wish to grow.

However, doing so is definitely a project for the more determined gardeners among us. There’s a lot of uncertainty and patience involved in growing an evergreen from the seeds of a cone.

If you’re the type of person who loves a challenge or likes to experiment, then this is a great project for you.

The male cones release pollen to fertilize female cones each spring. You’ll need to collect mature female cones in the fall. It’s important to collect female cones directly from the tree, as once they fall on the ground, there’s a good chance they will have already released their seeds.

The male cones of evergreens look nothing like the cones we are generally more familiar with.

To be sure your cones are mature and have seeds inside them, you may want to cut a cone in half and look for the seeds. Healthy seeds will have a white endosperm. Cutting a cone in half is also a good way to look for insect damage.

When collecting cones for seed, pick directly from the tree.

It’s a good idea to collect a few cones; that way, you have plenty of seeds to work with. You’ll need extra seeds to test-germinate after the stratification process. More on that later.

Drying Cones

The cones you have collected will need to dry in a warm area of your home, allowing the scales to open. It can take a few days to a couple of weeks for the cones to open up. If they don’t look like they are opening, place them in a warmer spot.

These tiny little ‘fans’ contain the seed, that dark spot at the end of each. The papery part will separate from the seed easily.

Once the pine cones have opened, place them in a paper bag, close the bag tightly and give it a good shake. This should release the seeds. You can also use a pair of tweezers to remove any remaining seeds from your cones.

Pick the seeds from the chaff by hand or dump everything except the (now seedless) cones into a colander. Swirl everything around in the colander to separate the seeds from the woody bits and pieces and pick out the seeds.

These seeds have been cleaned and are ready for stratification.

Viability

You might want to test the viability of the seeds by placing them in a small bowl of water. Any floating seeds are not viable and should be discarded. If you choose to test your seeds this way, allow them to dry completely in a warm location before moving on to the next step. It’s best to lay them on a screen so they are not touching, and check the seeds daily to make sure none are moldy.

Stratification

The seeds will need to go through a stratification period, which is basically a fancy word for tricking seeds into thinking it’s winter.

Normally, seeds released by pine cones spend the cold winter months nestled under a layer of pine needles waiting until the spring to germinate. To replicate this dormant period, place your seeds in a bit of moist sand in a clear plastic baggie and place the bag in your freezer.

The stratification process can take anywhere from three weeks to three months.

Keep an eye on your seeds though, if you see they are germinating in the bag, take them out of the freezer and plant them right away.

Germinating the Seeds

Test a few seeds to see if they have been dormant long enough by placing several in a resealable plastic bag with a damp paper towel.

Patience, again, is key. It can take anywhere from a week to a month for the seeds to germinate. If, however, they don’t germinate, the seeds haven’t been dormant long enough. Give your seeds another week or two in the freezer, then try to germinate again.

There’s nothing more rewarding than seeing the green that tells you all of your hard work has paid off.

Planting

Start your seeds in small 4″ nursery pots. Use a good seed starting mixture and plant them just below the soil, about 1/4″ deep. Water the seed and place it in a warm, sunny location.

The soil should be kept consistently moist but not water-logged. Letting the soil dry out completely or overwatering can kill the seed. Consider covering the pots with a cloche of some sort to keep moisture and heat in the pot just until the seed germinates.

Once your tiny future Christmas trees are about 8″ tall, they are ready to be planted outside. You may wish to mark them somehow so you don’t accidentally step on them or, worse, run over them with the lawnmower.

These future Christmas trees have been staked so they grow nice and straight.

And, of course, congratulate yourself; that was the hard part. The easy part is waiting a decade for your tree to grow to the height of a good Christmas tree.

These little guys are ready to be transplanted outside as soon as spring rolls around.

Personally, I think reading “T’was the Night Before Christmas” to your little sapling occasionally will help it to grow big and strong.

Buying Seeds and Saplings to Grow a Christmas Tree

If all of this sounds like a bit more work and uncertainty than you’re willing to take on, you can always order seeds or seedlings to grow a Christmas tree.

There are obvious advantages to doing it this way, such as getting the exact variety of tree you wish to grow. And you’re removing the uncertainty of will or won’t the seeds grow.

It’s much quicker too. As you’ve just read, the entire process of collecting the cones, removing the seeds, stratification, and even germination can take almost an entire year, depending on when you get started.

Christmas Tree Seeds

While a bit harder to find than seedlings, you can purchase evergreen seeds from several places.

  • Tree Seeds
  • Whatcom Seed Company
  • Sheffield’s
  • Etsy
  • For those of you in Canada, you can purchase evergreen seeds from Mount Royal Seeds.

Saplings

There’s more than one way to start growing a Christmas tree.

If you want to go straight for saplings, you have even more options, including local nurseries and tree farms. There are so many places that sell saplings online that I won’t trouble listing them here. A quick google search will have you well on your way.

Arbor Day Foundation

An excellent way to get the perfect Christmas tree sapling is through the Arbor Day Foundation. If you become a member (memberships start at $10), the Arbor Day Foundation will send you ten free saplings.

The great part about going through the Arbor Day Foundation is they offer you trees that grow best where you live based on your zip code. Then they ship them to you at the correct time of year to be planted. They take all of the guesswork out of it for you.

Even if you choose to grow a Christmas tree or two from seed, I encourage you to become an Arbor Day Foundation member as well. If you don’t want the extra saplings, you can always donate them to a forest via your membership.

With patience, care, and a little luck, you’ll have a mature Christmas tree in 10 – 12 years.

Will it be the Christmas tree you planted the year you got married? Or the Christmas tree you planted when you had your first child? Maybe it will be the tree that commemorated when you moved into your first home.

You’ll have a Christmas tree that’s more special than any tree you could find at a Christmas tree lot. And who knows, after all those years of tending to your fledgling Christmas tree, you may find yourself hesitant to cut it down. Maybe you’ll let it grow year after year. Better plan accordingly now, and plant more than one.

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How to grow your own Christmas tree

(Image credit: Gardening Trading)

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There is something magical about deciding to grow your own Christmas tree. Their fresh pine fragrance will be much punchier, the foliage glossier and a much darker green, and the branches will be waxy to the touch, not dry and brittle. Plus of course it’s the option to go for if you don’t want to add to the mountain of landfill every year from discarded trees.

There are several ways to grow your own, although it does require a little patience and planning. You can try growing seeds for the full-on grow your own experience or choose starter trees where some of the work has already been done. Then of course there's the option of buying a small potted tree for this Christmas that you then plant out in the garden for future years. Make sure you choose one that’s organically grown and has a good eco footprint.

For a feel-good Christmas tree experience this year and for many to come, keep reading for what to do if you want to grow your own, then head over to our feature on the best evergreens to grow in any garden if you're looking for more ways to introduce year-round colour to your outdoor space. 

Grow your own Christmas tree

(Image credit: Future)

You can try growing your own Christmas trees from one small packet of seeds, which will contain enough for a small plantation if you're lucky with them all! You can also buy a baby tree from a garden centre or online where the initial growing has been done for you, then you take over and nurture the tree to fully grown. Or you can choose a small potted tree this year that you plant out in the garden once Christmas is over. 

How to grow a Norway spruce Christmas tree from seed

(Image credit: Alamy)

1. You can sow the seeds at any time of the year and they cost around £2 for 25. You can also get a starter kit – the Christmas tree seed collection from RP seeds ) includes five of the most popular types of Christmas tree including the Norway spruce, Nordman fir and blue spruce if you want to experiment a little.

2. Mix equal parts of good-quality seed compost such as John Innes, with vermiculite, perlite or horticultural grit and water until just moist. Sow seeds very thinly on the surface, then just cover them with a layer of vermiculite, perlite or grit. 

3. Seal inside a polythene bag and place in the fridge for 4-6 weeks, checking regularly to make sure the compost is still moist. 

4. After this, move to a propagator or other warm place and maintain an optimum temperature of 13-15˚C. Germination should take place in 1-2 months. It can be erratic though, so sow thinly and prick out the seedlings as they become large enough to handle. Try to avoid disturbing the rest of the compost.

5. When they're large enough to handle transplant the seedlings into 7.5cm pots and grow on in a cold frame for a year or two then plant in their final position. They prefer to be in semi-shade.

6. Another idea is to sow them in pots as above during late summer to early winter then place in a cold frame and wait for the seedlings to emerge in spring. 

Plant a small potted Christmas tree

(Image credit: Alamy)

Young potted Christmas trees can be bought at the garden centre or online then planted in well-drained soil and good light. They can be left to grow until they reach the size you want. They’re tough, evergreen, very hardy and easy to grow. 

You have two choices:

1. Buy a ‘starter’ potted tree that’s 2 or 3 years old and has been nurtured from seed and trimmed into shape. When you get it home plant it up in a larger (20-25cm diameter) pot or put it straight into the garden for Christmases to come. 

2. Alternatively buy a slightly larger pot-grown tree, often sold as mini or 'tabletop’ trees. These are up to 1 metre high and will last well indoors throughout the Christmas period provided you keep the compost moist. If you opt for a pot grown tree it will have a root system and can be planted in the garden or a patio container after the festive season to enjoy all year round.

What is the best type of Christmas tree?

Nordman fir

(Image credit: Future)

For many years the traditional Christmas tree has been the Norway spruce. In recent years though the Nordman fir has also become increasingly popular, while the blue spruce is also gaining ground. 

Norway spruce With its mid-green colour, fine foliage and distinctive pine scent, this is the most traditional type of tree. It is usually bushy with a good classic Christmas tree shape.

Nordmann fir An increasingly popular Christmas tree, the bold green needles have a silver-white underside like a touch of frost. It's a long lasting choice that doesn’t drop needles.

Blue spruce With its foliage tinged with a strong blue colour that can also appear silvery if the light is right this is a very desirable Christmas tree with a nice pyramid shape and strong branches.

Scots pine A really fragrant native conifer, this tree has soft needles with an attractive twisted blue-green foliage. Known for not dropping its needles, keeping well and not drying out.

Fraser fir Relatively new to the UK but popular in the States, the attractive silvery-green needles are soft to the touch and well-spaced making it easier to decorate than some trees. 

How to look after your Christmas tree indoors

(Image credit: Future)

If you want to give your potted tree the best possible growing conditions to last beyond Christmas and for future Christmases, according to the experts at Pine and Needles don't bring them indoors! Stick your tree in a porch or on a patio where they will thrive in the cooler air and you can still enjoy them.

If you do bring your tree indoors, do it in stages. First move it into a garage or porch for a couple days to get the tree gradually acclimatised to moving inside. 

If the central heating is on full blast your potted tree isn’t going to be very happy. Position it away from any heat sources such as radiators and fireplaces. Heat dries out your tree faster, so the further from potentially damaging heat sources the better, and the fresher your tree will remain. Do not expose your tree to sudden changes in temperature. Trees are creatures of habit and prefer steady conditions. 

Remember to keep watering your tree. This could mean every day depending on its size and your central heating settings. Once the tree has dried out there’s usually no way back, as the foliage will wither and drop and it will soon end up looking very sorry for itself. If you want to replant it do so between March/April and keep an eye on it during hot weather. Then with any luck it will be coming indoors again next Christmas!

Read more: 

  • The best plants for winter pots
  • Best plants for winter colour in your garden
  • Get creative with winter garden party ideas

Lifestyle journalist Sarah Wilson has been writing about gardens since 2015. She's written for Gardeningetc.com, Livingetc, Homes & Gardens, Easy Gardens and Modern Gardens magazines. Having studied introductory garden and landscape design, she is currently putting the skills learned to good use in her own space where the dream is establishing a cutting garden.

How to plant a spruce in the country? How to grow a Christmas tree from seeds and cuttings?

Content:

  • What is the best spruce to plant on the site?
  • Growing spruce: two ways.
    • How to grow spruce from seeds?
    • How to grow a spruce from a branch?
  • What are our conclusions?

What is good spruce in the country? She is:

  1. Disinfects and aromatizes the air, saturates it with oxygen. Ephedra are champions in the release of phytoncides (volatile substances that destroy bacteria and fungi). You will be provided with a pleasant aroma and fresh air in the area.
  2. Creates a pleasant shadow. Conifers do an excellent job with this task - they usually have a dense crown and wide branches.
  3. Just looks nice. Spruce will be a bright accent if it grows alone. And from several Christmas trees you can make a hedge (but do not plant trees too close to each other, the distance between them should be at least 4 m). A live Christmas tree decorated for the New Year will be a great backdrop for holiday photos.

Let's talk about how to grow spruce on the site, how difficult it is and how long it will take. We will also tell you which variety to choose.

What is the best spruce to plant on the plot?

Spruce is of different types. They differ in the shape of the crown and the color of the needles. Trees can be green and blue. The crown can be in the form of a cone, elongated, etc.

We will try to classify varieties by height. This parameter is important from an aesthetic point of view. A tree looks beautiful when it is proportionate to the site - for example, it is not recommended to plant tall spruces in a small area. They will take up too much space, which is already limited.

Consider the most popular varieties of Christmas trees.

  • If you are looking for low-growing spruces for summer cottages, pay attention to Lucky strike, Blue pearl, Goblin. At the age of 10, their height is about 1 m, later they grow no higher than 2 m. Such low spruces for giving do not take up much space, they are quite compact.
  • Medium-sized varieties are Christmas Blue, Cruenta, Pendula Bruns. They usually grow up to 4m in height.
  • Tall varieties of spruce for giving - Columnaris, Iseli Fastigiata. They are taller than 10 m. Norway spruce belongs to the same category, it grows up to 50 m in height

Growing spruce: two ways

Spruce can be simply taken and bought. But we will not consider this option, because:

  • it is not cheap;
  • many people like to grow a tree from scratch.

We tell you how to grow a spruce from seeds and from a cutting (branches). A tree grown from seeds is called a seedling (because the seeds are sown), and a tree grown from a branch is called a seedling (because the branch is planted in the ground).

How to grow spruce from seeds?

Is it possible to grow a spruce from a cone? Yes, it is quite. More precisely, not from a cone, because there are a lot of seeds in it, but from a seed.

  1. Gather mature brown cones hanging from spruce branches. Do not take cones from the ground, they can be rotten or affected by pests. It is desirable to do this in November.
  2. Surely the bumps will be closed. Put them near the battery and leave for a couple of weeks - they will open from the heat. You just have to turn the cones over and shake - the seeds will fall out on their own.
  3. Put the seeds in a cloth bag and grind them gently - the lionfish films should fall off.
  4. Rinse the seeds with water to remove the oil film.
  5. Put the seeds in cold water for 3 days to wake them up.
  6. Dry the seeds on paper.
  7. Put the seeds in a glass jar, close it and refrigerate.
  8. Prepare the soil. There should be several layers: drainage at the bottom (2 cm), peat (2 cm), soil for seeds.
    Choose the right type of soil. Spruce needs acidic soil. You can buy it in a store, or you can make it yourself - you just need to mix the soil from the forest where spruce grows and universal soil in a 1: 1 ratio. It is advisable to ignite the soil in the oven to disinfect it.
  9. Plant the seeds in the soil at a depth of 1.5-2cm. Sow at a distance of at least 4 cm from each other, otherwise they will be crowded.
  10. Cover the pot with cling film and put it in a warm place. Spray the soil periodically with a spray bottle.
  11. Seedlings will appear in a couple of weeks. Thin them out if necessary.
    Attention: up to a year, seedlings must be protected from direct sunlight - they are detrimental to fragile needles. The tree can simply burn, turn yellow and dry.

  12. Observe the watering schedule. In spring, summer and September, water the seedlings as the soil dries. From October to February, spruce is watered once every 3 weeks if the temperature is from 6 to 10 degrees, or once a month if the temperature is lower. Do not forget to periodically spray spruce with a spray bottle so that the needles do not dry out. Seedlings do not need to be fed.
  13. If the seedling becomes cramped in the pot, it will have to be transplanted into a larger container. But try to do this as little as possible - spruce does not tolerate transplantation well.
    Important: for success, do not expose the roots of the seedling, keep the earthen ball moistened on the roots, try to transplant the tree as soon as possible and water it abundantly after transplanting.
  14. At the age of 3-5 years, transplant spruce into open ground. This is best done in the second half of April or early May.
    In order for the tree to take root, be guided by the rules indicated in the previous paragraph. When transplanting, do not expose the roots and keep the earth ball as much as possible. Humidify the transplant hole abundantly - there should be water in it. Water a freshly transplanted seedling frequently as it establishes itself in its new location.

How to grow a spruce from a branch?

Growing a tree from a branch is a faster and easier way than the previous one.

Important: if you want the cutting to take root in the same year, cut it in March or April, not later.

Procedure:

  • Find a beautiful, young and apparently healthy tree in the forest.

  • Cut off a side branch 15-20 cm long with secateurs or garden shears. A small piece of wood from the mother tree, the so-called heel, should remain on the branch. Important: the branch should be closer to the top of the tree. If you cut the stalk from the middle or below, the spruce may grow uneven.

  • Remove bark and needles from the underside of the seedling.
  • Put the branch in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour to kill possible pests.
  • Plant the cutting in a pot (in acidic soil).
  • While the seedling is established, water it several times a day, the ground should always remain moist (but the water should not stagnate on the surface). Then - as the soil dries. Protect a young tree from direct sunlight so that the needles do not burn.
  • Wait until the tree gets stronger and grows.
  • If the seedling has become cramped in the pot, it is necessary to change the container to a larger one. We talked about the transplant rules earlier: do not expose the roots, keep the earthen ball, water the tree after transplanting several times a day.
  • Transplant the seedling from the pot outside when it is 2 to 5 years old. Spruce older than 5 years does not tolerate transplanting.
  • Earlier, we told you when it is better to plant spruce in the country - in late April or early May.

What are our conclusions?

Is it possible to plant spruce in the country? Can. This tree is unpretentious, it does not require special conditions and special care.

They ate a lot of varieties. The thing is small - just decide which one you like best. Consider not only the color and shape of the crown, but also the height of the tree.

Spruce can be grown both from a cone and from a branch. The second way is faster and easier.

When planting ate in the country, the most important thing is the correct transplantation of the plant. The tree is very sensitive to this procedure. Follow simple rules:

  • Transplant the seedling at the age of 3-5 years, the seedling at the age of 2-5 years. An older tree will be more "capricious".
  • Keep the rootball moist for a successful transplant. The soil must not dry out.
  • Do not touch or expose roots.
  • Transplant spruce outdoors at the end of April or the first half of May.
  • Water the tree after transplanting several times a day until it is established in the new location. This will help the spruce to adapt to new conditions more easily.

And remember: if you plant several trees, the distance between them should be at least 4m. Otherwise, they will interfere with each other.

reproduction of ordinary, blue and other spruces at home from a cone

Quite often people who are looking for new green pets are looking for something unusual that not everyone grows at home. At least update the options for planting, but we suggest trying to grow a real spruce at home. Not only will the air in your home be saturated with a pleasant coniferous aroma, but also the eternal New Year's problem will be solved. Do not cut down Christmas trees in the forest every year and do not be sad in the company of an artificial tree. Everyone wins - both nature lovers and environmentalists.

It's safest from seeds

Oddly enough, growing spruce is most reliable from seeds. A tree from its very birth will be at your home and will be able to quickly adapt to environmental conditions. In addition, buying a seedling in a nursery will cost a considerable amount, and the conditions in the nursery are different.

Spruce seeds prepared for planting

However, it is best to buy spruce seeds from the nursery - the people who work there are knowledgeable, and the products there are usually of high quality. If you want to complicate the task, go to the forest yourself in late autumn and collect fir cones. Seeds extracted from them will become material for future work.

Cones can also be collected in winter, brought home and dried until they open on their own - then remove the seeds.

There is one important point associated with growing spruce at home. This is a constantly warm temperature, which will not give spruce time to rest, which is usually easily achieved in the open air. At home, coolness can be provided with the help of a balcony, where during a cold snap it will be necessary to take out a coniferous beauty, gradually accustoming her to the cold. If you do not have a balcony, it is better to abandon the idea of ​​​​growing a spruce.

However, if you grow spruce at home for further planting in open ground, the first two seasons in the heat will not spoil things.

Spruce varieties

The choice of spruce varieties does not create problems, since the buyer (unless you are looking for planting material yourself) is offered Christmas trees with different colors, needles and shapes. It remains to be added that if you are going to plant a future spruce on the site, then you can purchase seeds of any variety. If the Christmas tree does not leave the house, then, of course, the choice will be limited. For example, an ordinary Russian spruce, even in cramped conditions, can grow so that no ceiling height is enough. Therefore, you will have to choose among decorative dwarf species.

It is best to grow blue and ordinary Russian spruce in our area, they have already been tested by nature itself for many years, and there should be no problems with their cultivation.

Growing from seeds (video)

So, since growing from seeds allows you to achieve the best result, we run to a nursery, forest or store and purchase seeds. You need to soak them in warm water for 2-3 weeks so that they swell, and then plant them in the ground.

For insurance, the seeds can be soaked in a solution of manganese for a day and planted in the ground - this method is quite logical if you found the seeds in nature yourself.

They say that the best land for a Christmas tree is the land from your native forest. If the brought volume is diluted by half with peat, you will also enrich the soil with microelements. Other fertilizers, and even more so chemicals, are best avoided when growing spruce at home.

The main thing to remember when germinating seeds is that they are hard to grow. The pecking time is from a month to a year, so even the well-known unhurried strawberries in terms of development speed in comparison with spruce are real bamboo. Therefore, if you planted a seed, and after a month or two you did not see a sprout, do not rush to abandon your business. Sooner or later, he will still appear. If, of course, the seed is alive and of good quality.

And here are the young seedlings of spruce - very thin and so tender
But these seedlings have already grown stronger, so everything is going fine Small cups will not work if the sprout has already been born - then things will go faster, and the tiny Christmas tree will quickly become cramped. A transplant at such a tender age is fatal for her.

After planting, watering the seeds is required once a week, and after the emergence of a sprout, watering is stopped. Spruce is not the most moisture-loving tree, and therefore periodically spraying from a spray bottle is enough for it.

What is interesting - spruce grows most in winter under a layer of snow, so putting a young tree on the windowsill with the onset of cold weather will harden it and stimulate its development.

In order for the Christmas tree to please in the first years with beautiful needles and a pleasant aroma, do not place it under direct sunlight. Only in the fourth or fifth year of life, when the Christmas tree reaches a height of 30 to 50 cm, it can be gradually accustomed to the bright sun.

From the window to the plot

If you are growing a Christmas tree for your summer cottage, and the transplant time (which usually happens two years after hatching from seeds) is already approaching, it's time to accustom it to fresh air.


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