How to grow a lychee tree from seed


How to Grow Lychee Trees for Fruit

Lychee is a tropical broadleaf evergreen tree native to China, where it grows in a warm, humid climate. Although grown commercially for its fruit, in landscapes it is often used as a shade tree or a specimen fruit tree.

Like many other tropical fruits, such as avocado, lychee is not a natural choice for indoor gardeners. It's more of a novelty plant and will be unlikely to ever bear fruit or grow to maturity (unless you have a greenhouse). The plant, while requiring a subtropical climate, needs at least 100 chill hours in order to produce flowers that bear fruit. Still, it can be fun to sprout these seeds in an attempt to grow an attractive plant. Be aware that it can take around three to five years before this slow-growing tree bears fruit and ten years or more if it was grown from seed.

Because it needs subtropical conditions, it is not a tree that can be grown across wide areas of North America. It can be successfully grown in warm states like Florida and sheltered locations in California. Planting is typically done in the spring after the risk of frost has passed. It is a slow-growing tree, taking as much as 30 years to reach 30 feet in height.

What Is Lychee Fruit?

The fruit of this tree consists of small, dimpled, fleshy drupes (clusters of three to 50 tiny fruits) with a light, perfumed flavor. The outside of the fruit has a rough, pink-red skin that is inedible and the inside flesh is clear to white and sweet. Trees usually do not produce fruit until they are at least three to five years old—it sometimes takes even longer. The fruit is usually eaten fresh or frozen and can be made into sauces, jam, puree, or preserves.

Click Play to Learn How to Easily Grow Lychee Trees

Common Name Lychee, litchi
Bontanical Name Litchi chinensis
Family Sapindaceae
Plant Type Fruit, tree
Mature Size 20–110 ft. tall, 30-50 ft. wide
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Moist, well-drained
Soil pH Acidic
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color White, yellow, green
Hardiness Zones 10–11 (USDA)
Native Areas Asia

How to Plant Lychee Trees

Lychee trees are best planted at least 30 feet away from your home, other major structures, or other trees in your home landscape. Planting them too close can impact their growth and fruit harvest, particularly if they are shaded.

If you are in an area prone to flooding, planting the tree on a mound of soil can help to ensure water runoff. Lychees dislike wet feet.

Plant a lychee tree in a full sun location that is protected from wind, because this tree can be susceptible to wind damage. Spring planting, after any frosts have passed, is best.

Lychee Tree Care

The Spruce / K. Dave

The Spruce / K. Dave

The Spruce / K. Dave

Light

Lychee thrives in full sun, but be aware that the plants need to be acclimated. Young plants that are not used to full sun will suffer from sudden exposure to bright light, but once acclimated, they will definitely perform better.

Soil

Lychee does not like alkaline soils, so amending garden soil with pine bark or pine needles may be necessary. If you are trying to grow it as a potted plant, use slightly acidic potting soil.

Water

These plants prefer ample and regular water throughout the year. Some research has shown that a mild drought stress in the fall and early winter can enhance flowering. Water young trees frequently, as soon as the soil feels dry. More established trees can be watered once a week.

Temperature and Humidity

Lychee is surprisingly tolerant of cold and can cope with short blasts of almost freezing weather, but it really prefers warmer temperatures. To be brought to bloom, lychee needs to be exposed to cold temperatures (32 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit) for at least 100 hours in the winter. They will then bloom early in the spring and bear fruit in the early summer. These trees love high humidity.

Fertilizer

Feed once or twice during the growing season (spring and summer) with a weak liquid fertilizer.

Types of Lychee

Many different cultivars of lychee are used in different areas of the world. These are the most popular cultivars in the United States:

  • Litchi chinensis 'Mauritius' has excellent fleshy fruit with just one large seed. It is a good choice if fruit production is your main goal.
  • L. chinensis 'Brewster' is a vigorous growing tree with a spreading upright habit. It is well suited for areas that get a lot of moisture. It is also a good cultivar for fruit production.
  • L. chinensis 'Emperor' is considered one of the best container varieties, as it is a slow-growing tree with a compact growth habit.

Harvesting Lychee Fruit

Lychee trees usually take at least five years to mature before bearing any fruit, though it rare instances they may start producing fruit within three years. You must expose the tree to cold temperatures for at least 100 hours in the winter if you want it to bloom and then bear fruit, and the female flowers have to be pollinated. In an orchard, pollination is done by insects, but for indoor trees, you will have to hand-pollinate.

The fruits of the lychee grow in clusters of three to 50 fruits, usually ripening in June to July, and sometimes into September. Allow them to ripen on the tree to a pink-red color. Do not harvest when the fruit is green, as it will not ripen further once harvested. You can test one fruit in a bunch to see if it is sweet enough. Cut the entire bunch of fruit close to the branch to harvest.

A mature lychee growing in ideal circumstances may produce a copious amount of fruit, but they can be notoriously fickle about producing fruit. Unless the tree gets the requisite cold snap in the winter (32 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit for about 100 hours), it may not produce flowers or fruit at all for the normal summer harvest period. You can maximize the chances of flowers and future fruit by pruning off new growth immediately after the harvest is complete, which will stimulate new natural growth.

Potting and Repotting

Lychee often grows to 35 or 40 feet when planted in the landscape, but it can be maintained as small patio trees in warmer climates. In pots, the plants should be repotted every spring until they reach your ideal growing size. To help keep the plant smaller, aggressively prune the main growing trunks annually to encourage a smaller, bushier plant.

Propagating Lychee

Lychee is typically propagated commercially by air-layering. This a sophisticated technique where growers make a cut into a thin branch and then surround it with a packet of moist moss or soil. Roots will form in the cut area, allowing the grower to cut off the whole branch and plant it as a small tree.

How to Grow Lychee From Seed

A home grower is more likely to start lychee from seed. To sprout seeds, first soak them for three days in water, then plant them in a 12-inch tall pot filled with well-draining potting soil. Cover them 1 inch deep with potting soil, keep them warm and moist, and wait for sprouts to emerge (which can take weeks). Once they've sprouted, move to a sunnier spot after a few weeks.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

Keep a lookout for mealybugs, aphids, and mites. Signs of infestation include tiny webs on plants, clumps of white "powdery" residue, or visible insects on the plant. A product like pyrethrum is made to control aphids and pests that flock to fruit trees. Spray it on the lychee per the product directions and it should kill the pests on contact. Treat infestations as soon as possible to prevent them from spreading to the rest of your collection.

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Su Z, Xiao Q, Shen J, Chen H, Yan S, Huang W. Metabolomics analysis of litchi leaves during floral induction reveals metabolic improvement by stem girdling. Molecules. 2021;26(13):4048. doi:10.3390/molecules26134048

  2. Tips on Getting Your Lychee Tree to Produce Fruit. Lychees Online.

Lychee tree: how to plant, cultivate & care

Once a rarity, nowadays exotic lychee fruits are widely available in grocery stores and fine food shops. Lychee trees can be a bit challenging to grow and it will put your green fingers to the test but with our tips, your tree will be producing delicious lychees in no time.

Beneath the lychee’s bright red skin is its sweet white flesh [Photo: Thanphitcha Thana/ Shutterstock.com]

With a little know-how, lychee trees can be cultivated in both greenhouses and bright conservatories, where they produce sweet fruits in summer. Not only are lychees delicious, they are also rich in vitamin C and potassium.

Contents

  • Lychee trees: origins, blossom and characteristics
  • How to plant a lychee tree
  • Propagating lychees
    • How to grow a lychee tree from seed
    • How to grow lychees from cuttings
    • How to air layer lychee plants
  • The most important tips for lychee plant care
    • Watering lychee trees
    • Fertilising lychee trees
    • Pruning lychee trees
    • Repotting lychee plants
  • Are lychees hardy?
  • Lychee harvest and uses

Lychee trees: origins, blossom and characteristics

The lychee tree (Litchi chinensis) is the sole member of the genus Litchi in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae). Lychee trees are native to the tropical regions of southern China, where they have been cultivated on the river basins for more than a thousand years. Today, Litchi chinesis are cultivated throughout Southeast Asia, Africa, Israel, Australia and the Southern United States.

In its natural habitat, a lychee tree grows to a height of 10 to 15 meters. Lychee trees produce delicate little yellow flowers on twigs that are about 30 centimetres long in the spring. Each flower cluster can produce anywhere from 2 to 20 lychee fruits, which ripen in 60 to 80 days. Lychee fruits are distinguished by their thick red skin with a rough texture. Despite its appearance, the skin is easily removed. The white gelatinous flesh of the lychee tastes sweet and in the middle is a reddish-brown seed, which earned the lychee its other nickname, the eyeball fruit. In cooler climates, lychee trees have to grow in a climate-controlled greenhouse all year round in order to bear fruit. In the greenhouse, it is critical to plant it freely in the ground; fruiting in a tub is not possible. Because they are evergreen plants, lychee trees retain their green leaves even in the winter.

Lychee fruits hang from the tree on long vines [Photo: Pierre-Yves Babelon/ Shutterstock.com]

How to plant a lychee tree

If you want to decorate your greenhouse or conservatory with a lychee tree, you can either buy a pre-cultivated tree or grow a lychee tree from a seed.

In our latitudes, the lychee tree can only be grown as a tub plant or in a heated greenhouse. As lychee trees need high humidity and warm temperatures, a greenhouse or conservatory is necessary for lychee plants to survive. Plant lychee trees in a coarse-grained substrate, such as a humus-rich, sandy to loamy potting soil mixed with explained clay. The humus in the soil stores water and nutrients, while the expanded clay creates a loose and airy soil environment that is also water permeable. The substrate should have a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. To create the ideal growing medium for your lychee tree, combine our Plantura Organic All Purpose Compost with some expanded clay.

In summer, the lychee tree can also be placed outdoors in a wind-protected, sunny and warm spot.

Propagating lychees

If you want to propagate your lychee tree, you have several options: You can propagate lychees by seeds and cuttings or try air layering.

How to grow a lychee tree from seed

Lychee seeds do not have to end up as a waste product in the compost, because they are perfectly suited for growing a lychee tree. With the right method, fully ripened lychee seeds have a good chance at germinating successfully. To grow lychee plants from seed, first, carefully remove the flesh and then pickle the clean seed. To pickle lychee seeds, soak them in a 50 °C water bath for 20 minutes. After the seed has been removed, it has only four to five days to germinate, so it is critical to plant it as soon as possible. The ideal growing medium for lychee seeds is less fertilised than regular potting soil. Specialty seedling soils like our Plantura Organic Herb & Seedling Compost promote root growth, resulting in a strong tree.

Lychees can be grown from seed [Photo: Angurt/ Shutterstock.com]

Place the lychee seed horizontally two to three centimetres deep into the growing medium and press down the soil. Keep the lychee seed in a warm yet semi-shady spot with a temperature of at least 25 °C so that it can germinate properly. The first sprouts appear about two weeks after planting. Once the first four leaves have formed, repot the seedlings into larger containers. Do not remove the seed when repotting, as it provides nutrients to the small shoot.

Tip: To increase the humidity and temperature in the seed pot, plastic film can be stretched over the pot. This acts like a mini greenhouse. However, do not forget to ventilate it from time to time, otherwise, mould can grow.

Young lychee trees will not flower for many years [Photo: tovmatros1986/ Shutterstock.com]

How to grow lychees from cuttings

Lychee plants can also be propagated from cuttings. To do this, cut off a young shoot from the mother plant with a sharp knife. Make sure that there is a bud on both the upper and lower side of the shoot. Defoliate the shoot, leaving just two leaves at the top. Cut these two leaves in half. In order for the cutting to form roots, place it in a glass of water. Once the roots are large enough, plant the cutting.

How to air layer lychee plants

Air layering is another good propagation technique. To do this, remove a strip of bark about ten centimetres in length from a young lychee branch at the end of April. Pull a bag of wet peat moss over the exposed area and secure it with adhesive tape. After six to eight weeks, new roots will form from the exposed area on the branch and spread out in the moss. At this point, remove the branch from the mother plant and plant the newly formed young plant.

Air layering is the process of attaching moist peat moss to a young branch that has had a strip of bark removed [Photo: khak/ Shutterstock.com]

The most important tips for lychee plant care

Lychee trees require some attention to ensure healthy plant growth. Here is everything you need to know about caring for the difficult lychee plant.

Watering lychee trees

In spring, water sparingly and infrequently, as dryness promotes flower formation. However, after flowering, lychee trees need a lot of watering, or the fruit will fall off prematurely. To ensure even soil moisture, flood the root ball with water once and then let it dry out a little. After that, keep the root ball constantly moist, but avoid waterlogging. The lychee tree’s soft foliage and small pinnate leaves require a humidity level of at least 70%. In the summer, set up bowls of water or spray the plants with water to increase the humidity. During winter, as the plant’s energy needs decrease, stop watering heavily.

Fertilising lychee trees

Lychee trees do not need much fertiliser. However, you should not completely neglect fertilisation. From April to September, apply a liquid fertiliser every 10 to 14 days. This supports the tree during its growth period as well as in the formation of the sweet fruits. Our Plantura Liquid Citrus Food is ideal, as it contains iron chelates that prevent iron deficiency and leaf chlorosis.

Plantura Liquid Citrus Food

Liquid fertiliser with an NK ratio of 4-5, for all citrus & Mediterranean plants, promotes healthy plant growth, child & pet friendly

Shop now!

Tip: Keep to the specified fertilisation times because the lychee tree is sensitive to salt. Overfertilisation leads to soil salinisation and root damage, resulting in brown leaf edges.

Pruning lychee trees

Lychee trees do not need to be pruned. However, if any branches become too long, they can be trimmed back in March or April.

In the regions where they are grown, lychee trees are sometimes cut back radically and sprout again [Photo: taewafeel/ Shutterstock.com]

Repotting lychee plants

Every two to three years the lychee tree needs to be repotted into a larger pot.

Tip: Lychee trees grow very slowly. Refrain from planting the lychee tree in a large pot from the beginning as then it is easier to repot it.

Are lychees hardy?

No, lychee trees are not hardy in our latitudes. The tropical tree must be overwintered at temperatures of 5 to 15 °C. However, in order for the tree to produce flowers, the lychee tree must be exposed to temperatures of 0 to 12 °C for about ten days. You can then return it to its warmer location. For overwintering, choose a frost-free, bright location with high humidity. It is also possible to overwinter the plant in a bright living room, but this is less advantageous for the plant’s health.

The lychee tree needs a certain amount of cold exposure to flower [Photo: santanu maity/ Shutterstock.com]

Lychee harvest and uses

Lychees do not ripen after harvesting. This means that the harvest must be planned precisely. When the lychee fruits swell and the texture of their skin flattens, it is time to harvest them. In order to find the optimal time of ripeness, carry out taste tests regularly. Lychees ripen at different rates, which is why you should harvest every three to four days. To harvest, cut the entire cluster of lychees with secateurs from the tree; simply pick individual lychees for tasting. Once the lychees have been harvested, they can be eaten fresh, stored or processed. The fruits can be kept for three to five days at room temperature and three months in the refrigerator.

Lychees make for a delectable garnish [Photo: New Africa/ Shutterstock.com]

You can preserve lychees in sugar or dry them. In Asia, dried lychees are often served with tea. Freshly squeezed lychee juice makes a refreshing drink and can also be turned into liqueur and wine.

If you are looking for local exotics, we would love to introduce you to the loganberry, which, unlike tropical fruits, does not require a greenhouse for cultivation.

growing from stone at home, useful properties

Litchi fruit tree (Litchi chinensis), also called Chinese lychee, is a member of the Sapindaceae family. It is also called Fox, Chinese Plum, Liji or Laysi. There is documentary evidence that such a plant was grown in China as early as the second century BC. Today, such a plant is cultivated in all countries of Southeast Asia. Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza wrote that this fruit is similar to a plum, it does not burden the stomach, and it can be eaten in any volume, it is because of this that he called such a plant "Chinese plum". This culture was brought to Europe by the French botanist Pierre Sonner, who traveled through China and Southeast Asia. It happened in the 18th century.

Lychee fruit is eaten canned or fresh, it is used to make jelly, ice cream and other desserts, and it is also used to make traditional Chinese wine.

Content

  • 1 Features of LICH
  • 2 Growing faces
  • 3 Care for Lychi at home
    • 3.1 How to Water
    • 3.2 Fertilizer
    • 3.3 Campaishes
    • 3.5 Pests
    900
  • 4 types and varieties of Lichi
  • 5 Objects of Fruit Lich: harm and benefits
    • 5. 1 Useful properties
    • 5.2 Contraindications

    Features of LICH

    LICI is an evergreen tree, it has a split crown. Such a tree, growing in natural conditions, can reach a height of 10-30 meters. The composition of complex pinnate leaf blades includes from 4 to 8 leaf blades of an elongated ovoid or lanceolate shape with a pointed apex. The front surface of the plates is dark green and shiny, and the wrong side is pale gray. Lush umbellate inflorescences reach a length of 0.7 m, they consist of flowers that do not have petals, but consist only of cups of pale yellow or light green color. The inflorescences include a large number of flowers, but no more than 15 ovaries of all develop into fruits, while the rest die off. The length of the red-skinned fruits can vary from 25 to 40 mm, there are many sharp tubercles on the surface. Inside the fruit there is a jelly-like pulp of light color and sweet taste, it leaves the peel very easily and has a slightly noticeable wine flavor. In the center of the fruit there is a dark brown oval bone. In lychee growing in the tropics, fruit ripening is observed in May or June.

    Growing lychee from the stone

    In the middle latitudes, lychee is considered an outlandish plant, and therefore it is rather difficult to buy seedlings of such a crop in a garden pavilion. However, you can try to grow such a tree from a stone at room conditions. To do this, purchase a ripe fruit with a strong odor, translucent juicy pulp and red skin. The bone must be removed from the pulp, it is wrapped in moistened gauze or cloth. For 7 days, you need to ensure that the wrapper is slightly damp all the time.

    The swollen bone must be removed from the tissue, after which it is planted in a pot, at the bottom of which there is a drainage hole. At the bottom of the pot, first you need to lay out a drainage layer of expanded clay, after which it is filled with flower soil mixture. It is necessary to deepen the bone into the substrate by only 20 mm. When planting several seeds, the chances that a seedling will appear increase several times. When the stone is planted, the substrate in the container must be moistened with tepid water. The seed should germinate at a temperature of 25 to 30 degrees, it is very important to ensure that the substrate in the pot is constantly slightly moist. The first seedlings should appear in about 7-30 days, but this may happen later.

    After the seedling that has appeared has grown the first leaf plates of a light red color, the container must be rearranged on a sunny windowsill, while the plant must be protected from direct sunlight. A plant is transplanted into a larger pot during the formation of 4 or 5 leaf plates in it. In order for the seedlings to develop normally, they will need a long daylight hours, at least 12 hours. The air temperature in the room throughout the year should not fall below 20 degrees.

    How to grow lychee


    Watch this video on YouTube

    Caring for lychee at home

    How to water

    Lychee is a tropical moisture-loving plant, in this regard, the young bush must be moistened with a sprayer twice a day or filtered water. The plant should be watered moderately and systematically, for this you need to use filtered or settled water for two days, while it should be at room temperature. Experienced flower growers advise using bottom watering, for this you need to regularly pour water into the pan.

    It is necessary to water the bush in such a way that it does not suffer from a lack or excess of moisture in the root system. At the same time, the room should constantly have high humidity.

    Fertilizer

    The first feeding of lychee should be carried out 3 months after the seedling appears. After this, feeding is stopped until the tree is at least 1 year old. Starting from the second year of life, top dressing is carried out 1 or 2 times in 4 weeks, for this they use a solution of complex mineral fertilizers in moderate concentration. Organic fertilizers can also be used to feed lychee, for example, a mullein solution (1:15) is well suited. Thanks to top dressing, the formation of buds improves, and the bush is also stimulated to bear fruit.

    Pruning

    This plant is slow growing and should be cut very rarely. During the first 2 years, you need to engage in the formation of the crown of the plant. After that, the shape only needs to be maintained, for this, systematically shortening excessively long stems. If a lot of time has passed, and there are still no fruits on the tree, then you should not be upset, because all the same, such an exotic tree is quite rare.

    Diseases

    Lychee is quite resistant to diseases. A tree can get sick only if it is not properly cared for. If you water the bush too abundantly, then because of this, rot may appear on the root system. If the plant does not have enough water, it will become lethargic and begin to wither. By providing the right care for the lychee, you can protect it from all diseases.

    Pests

    This crop is also highly resistant to pests. However, spider mites, whiteflies, mealybugs, aphids, thrips or scale insects can move to a bush from other indoor flowers. In this regard, the plant needs a systematic thorough examination, if pests or signs of their presence are noticed on it, then try to start destroying them immediately. To do this, the affected plant must be sprayed with an acaricide or insecticide, while the solution must be prepared in accordance with the instructions on the package.

    Why does Lychee get sick? Does not grow, leaves turn yellow. And at the beginning about the weather))))


    Watch this video on YouTube

    Types and varieties of lychee

    Quite a large number of varieties and hybrids of lychee were bred, but such a plant is widespread only in Asia. The following cultivars are the most popular:

    1. Hanging Green . The tree is covered with pale green leaves. On the surface of the fruit there is a barely visible strip of green. The fruits remain fresh and do not lose their taste even three days after the peel is removed from them.
    2. Sticky rice balls . The dense pulp of such fruits has a sweet honey taste. They are covered with a red skin, on which there are no tubercles. The stone in such fruits is much smaller in comparison with other varieties, or it does not exist at all.
    3. Sweet osmanthus . Sweet fruits have an osmanthus aroma. They are covered with a strongly bumpy peel of a rich red color.
    4. Green Yatu . On the peel of the fruit there is a speck of a dark green color.
    5. Black sheet . This variety is early maturing. The fruits are fleshy, they are covered with a peel that secretes a juice similar to red ink.
    6. May Red . This variety is the earliest. Fruit picking is done in May.
    7. Concubine's smile . This variety is very ancient and early maturing. Fruits and the peel with which they are covered exude a red juice.

    Lychee fruit properties: harm and benefit

    Useful properties

    Lychee fruits contain many substances that are useful for the human body, for example: vitamins E, K, C, H, PP and group B (B1, B3, B6), magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, iodine, manganese, zinc, selenium, iron, calcium, potassium, pectins and organic acids. In oriental medicine, such fruits are used to normalize sugar levels in diabetes mellitus, improve the activity of the liver, kidneys and lungs, and they also help in the treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis. In cardiovascular diseases, it is also recommended to eat lychee, because the pulp of the fruit contains potassium. They are also very useful for high cholesterol levels in the blood, for anemia, for intestinal disorders and for diseases of the pancreas. Such fruits in Hindu medicine are considered an aphrodisiac that improves male strength and libido.

    LICHIE BENEFIT AND HARM | benefits of lychee, useful properties of litchi calories


    Watch this video on YouTube

    Contraindications

    Litchi fruits are contraindicated only for those who have an individual intolerance. There are no other contraindications for such fruits. However, stale fruits with a dark skin should not be eaten, because they can cause intestinal upset.

    preparation for planting, germination, care in 2022 at GoodGrunt

    Contents

    • Appearance and benefits of lychee fruits
    • Preparing for planting
    • Germination of the stone
    • Plant care


    Not everyone dares to grow lychee at home, the berry seems too exotic (according to botanical reference books, the fruit of the plant is just a berry, although most people call it a fruit).

    Lychee fruits have a pleasant taste and are extremely useful. At home, in Asia, these berries are called the "dragon's eye" and are widely used in folk medicine.

    Appearance and benefits of lychee fruits

    The fruits are small in size and weight. Each of them has a diameter of 3–4 cm and a weight of about 20 grams. The appearance of the berries is very unusual. They are covered with a dense tuberous skin of a pinkish color. Inside is a translucent pulp of milky color and sweet taste with a slight sourness.

    To many, lychee resembles something between a pineapple and a cherry. The fruits have a pleasant aroma. Inside each berry is a dark brown seed, which is considered poisonous. However, in Asian countries, lychee seeds are prepared by roasting with the addition of oil and spices. After cooking, the bones become edible.

    The pulp of berries contains a whole range of useful minerals and vitamins. With regular use, lychee has a beneficial effect on the entire body. The water-salt balance returns to normal, swelling and excess weight disappear, the work of blood vessels improves, and the sugar content in the blood decreases.

    Landing preparation

    You can plant a stone taken from any lychee berries bought in a store for eating. Remove the seeds from the pulp carefully, without damaging the shell.

    Even if you plan to grow a single plant, it is better to plant 3-4 seeds and then choose the strongest seedling. Not all seeds will germinate.

    Before planting, seeds can be soaked in warm water for 12 hours to promote germination.

    Soil preparation:

    • The soil for planting should be loose, well permeable to air and water. It is recommended to make a mixture on your own from equal parts of soddy land and peat.
    • The soil will need to be steamed in an oven at 80-100°C to decontaminate.
    • It is possible to germinate litchi in coco substrate, vermiculite, agroperlite. These substrates minimize the risk of bone rot.

    Choose a clay or ceramic pot for planting (plastic doesn't "breathe" which can impair seed germination). The diameter of the container should be small - 7-8 cm. It is necessary that holes be made in the bottom to drain excess water. You will also need expanded clay of fine fraction, which will be used as a drainage material.

    Seed germination

    To germinate the seeds, fill the pot with soil and make indentations with your finger where the seeds are placed. From above they are not sprinkled with soil. Then you will need to moisten the plantings from the sprayer. After that, the container is covered with a film to create greenhouse conditions. Now it remains only to wait for the sprouts to hatch.

    Before germination, seedlings should be kept in a warm place (at a temperature of +25 °C), monitoring soil moisture. If the earth begins to dry out, it is lightly sprayed. Waterlogging should also not be allowed, this can provoke the appearance of mold. The film needs to be removed from time to time for airing.

    If all conditions are met, sprouts will appear in 1.5–2 weeks. From this point on, the seedlings no longer need shelter. A container with seedlings is placed on the east window. Plants should receive bright diffused light, but direct sunlight is contraindicated for them.

    Plant Care

    It is impossible to tighten the picking of seedlings, otherwise their roots will intertwine and it will be problematic to plant them without damaging the root system. Each plant will need to be planted in nutritious and loose soil.

    Lychee needs suitable conditions for normal growth:

    1. Tropical visitor needs 12-15 hours of daylight. In winter, you will need to organize additional lighting. The plant will feel best on the eastern and western windowsills. On the south window, he will need shading at noon.
    2. Water the litchi with settled warm water after the topsoil has dried. Prolonged drought is unacceptable. The plant requires high humidity - this is easily achieved by spraying or installing a humidifier.
    3. Seedlings can be fertilized from the age of 4 months. Fertilize 1-2 times a month, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers.
    4. In the second year of life, the plant will need to form a crown. The main stem is cut at a height of 20-25 cm, after which the active growth of the lateral branches will begin and the lychee will take on a decorative look. In the future, the plant is not pruned. Its maximum height in room conditions is 2–2.

      Learn more