How to grow a mango tree from seed indoors


Planting a mango seed | Naples Botanical Garden

Planting a mango seed | Naples Botanical Garden

Planting a mango seed

Saturday, July 11, 2020

Summertime in South Florida is hot, but the upside? It’s sweet! We’re talking tropical fruit sweet, like the mangos that are at their peak right now. If you find yourself coveting this “king of fruits,” why not grow your own? Grab a mango, and discover how to plant your own tree from its seed.   

Materials: 

  • Mango seed 
  • Glass of water 
  • Kitchen scissors 
  • Paper towels 
  • Sandwich bag 
  • Medium size pot (0. 5 – 1 gallon) 
  • Potting soil 

Steps: 

  1. 1. Cut open mango to remove seed. The seed will be inside a husk.
  2. 2. Clean the seed husk.

  1. 3. Using a pair of strong scissors, such as kitchen shears, carefully cut the edge of the seed husk, allowing you to open the husk and remove the seed. The seed will be slippery, so proceed with caution. 

Sometimes the seed may have a papery coat, as seen in the photo below. Remove this before proceeding to the next step. 

  1. 4. Soak the seed in a cup of water for 24 hours.
  2. 5. Moisten a paper towel. Make sure it is damp throughout, but not soaking wet. Wrap the seed in the paper towel. 
  3. 6. Place the seed and paper towel inside a sandwich bag, and store the seed in a warm place.  
  4. 7. Monitor the seed’s progress every few days, watching for sprouts.  Germination time will depend on air temperature and the mango’s ripeness when the seed was extracted.  
  5. 8. Plant the seed in potting soil, making sure not to cover the new leaves. 

Just sit back, and watch your mango tree grow! A few days after planting, you should see a set of true leaves showing and significant growth within a week. 

Keep in mind that you may have to step up the young tree into a larger pot over time as it grows large enough to plant in the ground. 

An important thing to keep in mind when you are growing a mango tree is that there are two types of mango seeds, monembryonic and polyembryonic. Monembryonic seeds produce only one plant. This plant will not be like the parent tree. Polyembryonic seeds are different. As the name suggests, there are many embryos in the seed, all which are clones of the parent except for one. This one fertilized seedling is usually the first to germinate and sprout.   

If you do not notice which shoot sprouted first, the shoot most unlike the others is probably the one that isn’t a clone.  You can either keep that shoot to produce a new cultivar or get rid of it in order to ensure your tree is a clone of the parent and will produce identical fruit. Also, with polyembryonic seeds, you can separate the embryos before germinating the seed, and you will have two plants. 


About the Author

Patrick Deja is an Education Programs Assistant at Naples Botanical Garden. When not at the Garden, he loves to spend time with his wife and daughter. He also enjoys traveling and learning, whether it is about plants, history, language, or science.

 

 

 

 


 

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How to Grow Mango from Seed (Easy Method)

This easy method shows how to grow a mango tree from seed using a mango from the grocery store. Eat the mango, save the seed, and follow these simple steps to grow it into a plant.

You can also grow an avocado from seed using the same method.


Growing a Grocery Store Mango Seed

Did you know the husk inside mango fruit contains a seed? And it’s a nice big seed! And that’s what we sow to grow a new mango plant.

If you live in a cold climate, without outdoor tropical growing conditions, you can still grow mangos indoors as houseplants, beginning with a mango fruit.

I’ll show you a simple way to prepare the seed, make it sprout, and grow it as a houseplant. These are tropical plants, so you’ll want a sunny, warm place in your home to provide the best growing conditions.

So, what makes this method easy?

By starting the mango seed in damp paper towel (see below), we can first determine if the seed is viable (will grow).

You could also plant it directly in damp potting mix, but that means waiting to see if there is growth (for several weeks).

The easy method reveals which seeds are good ones so we don’t waste time on the duds.

Will it grow fruit?

Probably not, unless you manage to provide exceptional, tropical-like growing conditions for many years that eventually trigger flowering and fruiting. Grafted mango trees can produce fruit.

How long does it take to grow a mango tree?

A mango tree grown from seed indoors can take 5 to 8 years to mature.

A grafted mango tree may take 3 to 4 years to reach fruit-bearing age.


Contents

  • How to Grow a Mango from Seed
    • Supplies
    • Steps
  • Indoor Mango Plant Care Tips
  • Frequently Asked Questions
    • Can you grow a mango tree inside?
    • How long does it take to grow a mango seed?
    • How do you germinate a mango seed quickly?
    • How big will an indoor mango tree grow?
    • Will my indoor mango tree grow fruit?
  • Resources

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How To Grow Mango From Seed

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Related: How to Grow Ginger Root from the Grocery Store

How to Grow a Mango from Seed

Supplies

To get started, gather your supplies. In addition to a ripe mango fruit, you will need these items.

Organic Potting Mix | Amazon

Flower Pots with Saucers | Amazon

Reusable Paper Towels | Amazon
or regular paper towels

Fiskars PowerCut Scissors | Amazon

Steps

1Buy a Ripe Mango

Every mango has a seed inside. It’s protected by that thick, husk-like thing you set aside when preparing the fruit for eating.

You have to start with a ripe mango because otherwise the seed within the husk may not be mature enough to grow into a plant.

2Remove the Husk/Seed from the Mango

Use the edible fruit (yum!) and set aside the husk. They tend to have stringy pieces of fruit attached to them and we’ll take care of that in the next step.

If you like propagating stuff like this, get my Kitchen Propagation Handbook here for more projects.

Want more propagation tutorials? Get the ebook here.

3Clean and Dry the Husk

Next you want to gently scrub off the pulp/stringy bits of mango fruit from the husk. The purpose of this step is simply to help the husk dry faster and make it easier to cut open.

You can hold the husk under tap water and use a soft scrub brush to push the pulp off.

Or, very carefully scrape it off with a small knife, always aiming away from yourself!

When the husk is fairly pulp-free, dry it off with a towel and set it somewhere to further dry for a day or two (not much more).

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4Remove Seed from Husk

After 2 days, the mango seed husk is dry enough to cut open.

This is the part that amazed me the first time I did it. I have eaten a lot of mangos over the years, and I had no idea there was a great big seed in there!

  • You want to cut the edges of the husk so you can pry it open without damaging the seed inside.
  • I use good scissors that can cut thick things like leather (not your fabric or paper scissors or you’ll wreck them) and trim away the edges.
  • You could also put the husk in a vice and use a fine wood saw to trim off the edges.
  • Then, peel back the husk and see what’s inside.
5Clean Off the Seed

This is a mango seed found within the husk of the fruit.

Pretty cool! It’s like some sort of giant bean seed. And no two mango seeds look the same.

  • Gently remove the seed from the husk and take off any loose paper-like layers around it but don’t force or peel anything.

Some mangos produce polyembryonic seeds, but the ones shown here are singles (monoembryonic). Plants from polyembryonic seeds produce fruit true to the parent (like grafted plants do since they are created from vegetative cuttings). Our grocery stores have very little variety so I’ve only ever seen two types of mango seeds here and they are always singles.

If the seed appears shriveled or rotten, start again with another mango.

6Sprout Seed

The mango seed is wrapped in moist towel and placed in a plastic bag.

I use this method for sprouting all sorts of the things including avocado seeds and ginger. I like this method because it shows me I have a viable seed before I go to the trouble of planting it in soil.

There is no need to buy plastic bags for this step. Just use any plastic bags or wrap you have.

  • Dampen a cloth (can be a washcloth) or paper towel (see eco-friendly reusable ones here) in warm water so it’s moist but not dripping.
  • Wrap your mango seed with the damp cloth and place it in the plastic bag.
  • If you are sprouting several seeds, put one on the damp towel, fold over, add another, fold over and so on. I keep them apart with a layer of towel to prevent any roots from growing together or becoming entangled.
  • Place the bag in a dark kitchen cupboard. You can also put it in a warm spot, which is always good to speed up germination, but be sure the towel does not dry out.
  • Set a timer on your phone to check on it every 3 days. Take photos each time to keep track of changes.

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7Check for Sprouting

After 3 weeks, the seed is sprouting.

  • Every few days, open up the paper towel and check for signs of sprouting.
  • Dampen the paper towel again if needed.

The mango seed pictured above (after 3-weeks) is growing a red sprout!

I wait until any new growth is 2 to 3-inches long before planting in potting mix.

My mango seed split open during germination. Is this normal?

Yes, some seeds will split open during germination. It happens when parts inside grow or swell, pushing open the shell. It’s fine.

Related: How to Grow an Apple Tree From Seed

8Keep Checking for Growth

After 5 weeks, there is enough new growth to plant the seed in potting mix.

At this point you can see how the red sprout is also growing roots, and there is another sprout on top. This took 5 weeks to grow.

That new sprout on top (right) is pale in color because it is growing without light. It will turn green when exposed to sunlight.

Now it’s time to plant the seed in potting mix.

9Plant the Sprouted Mango Seed

At week five (or when there is a few inches of new growth), we plant the seed in potting mix.

Some of the new growth will become roots and the other parts are shoots, but it’s very hard to tell what’s-what at this stage.

Because of this, it’s fine to plant the seed flat in the pot (the way it is in the photo, above). The plant will sort itself out just fine.

Your pot should be a few inches wider than the seed and have room for several inches of root growth. The pot I used is 8-inches deep total, but 6-inches would be fine too.

Also, be sure the pot has drainage holes and a drip saucer to avoid water-logging the plant.

  • Fill the pot with potting mix (suitable for houseplants) leaving two inches below lip of pot.
  • Water the potting mix thoroughly, let it settle, top it up to same level (2-inches below lip) and set sprouted seed on top.
  • Cover seed in an inch of potting mix, water it and top it up.
  • You want to end up with about an inch of space between top of potting mix and lip of the pot for easy watering without overflowing.

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10Grow Your Plant

At six weeks, a shoot has emerged from the potting mix and leaves are forming.

Mangos are tropical plants and enjoy warmth and humidity.

  • Place your plant in a sunny location but not in direct, hot sun where it could dry out.
  • Keep soil moist but not damp.

The mango plant in the photo (above, 6-weeks old) decided to send its shoot up at the side of the pot. That’s fine! It’s approximately 4-inches tall and nice and healthy.

11Don’t Worry About Limp Leaves

During the early growth stage, the leaves may be limp. It’s normal.

Limp leaves! I’ve had this several times and I’ve seen others mention it so I’m confident it’s normal.

  • As the mango grows its first leaves, they may look limp, as if the plant is over— or under—watered.
  • Unless you have been a bit off with your watering and/or have stressed the plant, this limp stage is normal.
  • Keep providing proper care and it will perk up. And don’t be tempted to change your water routine if you know it’s fine.

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12Grow as Houseplant

Just a week later, my mango plant perked up:

After 9 weeks, the leaves have perked up and the plant is approximately 9-inches tall.

At this point the mango plant is approximately 9-weeks old (from the day we put it in paper towel) and it’s nine inches tall.

The five main leaves formed early (week 3) and no additional leaves have appeared since then.

It’s fairly cool in our home (just below 20°C / 68°F), so growth will be slower than you’d get in a warmer space with better humidity.

After 18 months, the main stem is starting to die off at the top of the plant but a lot of new side shoots with leaves have formed.

Basic Indoor Mango Plant Care Tips

Ideally, you will mimic tropical conditions in your home, or as close to it as you can manage.

  • Warmth | Mango trees grow best in ambient temperatures ranging between 21º to 24ºC (70º to 75ºF).
  • Temperature | Mango trees die at temperature below .5ºC (33ºF) but can tolerate up to 48ºC (118ºF).
  • Humidity | 50-60% until/if flowers form (then lower it).
  • Light | Needs heat more than intense light; do not allow the plant to dry out.
  • Summer | Place outdoors in dappled sun for maximum warmth.
  • Fall to Spring | Keep indoors.
  • Fertilizer | I cannot find any research on specific fertilizer needs for indoor mangos. This is what is recommended for outdoor ones: Fertilizer may be a 1:1:1 or 1:2:2 N-P-K ratio formulation, such as 16-16-16 or 10-20-20 N-P-K.  
  • Warnings | Mango trees are in the same family as poison ivy. The skin, bark, and leaves can cause strong reactions. [Read more here at University of Illinois]

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you grow a mango tree inside?

Yes, indeed. You can start a mango tree from the seed inside the fruit or buy a grafted tree, which is much more likely to grow fruit, although it does take several years and the right growing conditions.

How long does it take to grow a mango seed?

With the method listed above, it took 9 weeks from the day I started the germination process to having a 9-inch tall plant.

How do you germinate a mango seed quickly?

Most seeds germinate fastest within certain temperature ranges but it varies for each plant. This is usually a bit warmer than the plant’s comfort zone.

Because mango plants grow best in when the ambient temperature is between 21º to 24ºC (70º to 75ºF), it’s a fair assumption that the seed would sprout fastest at temperatures just above that.

How big will an indoor mango tree grow?

Outdoor mango trees growing in tropical climates can reach 35 meters tall if not pruned.
Growing indoors, both because conditions are not optimal and the plant is restricted to a container, will limit growth.
I realize that didn’t answer the question with a specific measurement, but that’s because I’m not sure. I have seen a few indoor ones that appear to be about 6-feet tall. The more tropical the conditions, the bigger they will get.

Will my indoor mango tree grow fruit?

It’s highly unlikely. If you want fruit, start with a grafted mango tree (from a nursery that specializes in them). These are intended for growing fruit, although the quantity will be small.

Provide optimum growing conditions including intense heat without drying out the soil.

Grafted mango trees are reported to take 3-5 years to flower and fruit.

Some say mango seedlings (like we’re germinating here) can grow into fruit-producing trees after 5-8 years, but I have not yet found anyone to confirm this.

The fruit, if you do get some, will vary depending on the source. Mango seedlings cannot produce fruit true to the parent plant (because they are hybrids). But grafted mango plants can (because they are clones). But really, it’s such a cool achievement to grow the plant to produce fruit, either way I’d be happy.

Resources

Buy Grafted Mango Trees

If you want much better odds of eventually getting fruit, buy a grafted mango tree.

More Information

  • How to Grow and Harvest Mangos | UCDavis.edu (PDF format)
  • Mango Growing Information at www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/crops/i_mango.htm

Get the Ebook

Kitchen Propagation Handbook
7 Fruits & Vegetables To Regrow As Houseplants

by Melissa J. Will

Learn how to grow houseplants from avocado, oranges, lemons, ginger, and more using leftover pits, seeds, and roots.

About This Ebook

This ebook is a digital file (PDF format) you save to your device. It is not a physical product.

$4.99 US

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How to Grow Mango From Seed

Use these step-by-step instructions to use the seed inside any ripe mango fruit to grow into a new houseplant.

Total Time30 mins

Author: Melissa J. Will

Cost: $10

  • Potting mix

  • Flower pot

  • ▢ 1 whole Mango ripe
  • ▢ 1 Tea towel or paper towels
  • ▢ 1 Plastic bag or food container
  • ▢ 1 8-inch Flower pot with drainage holes and saucer
  • ▢ 1 bag Potting Mix
Prepare Husk
  • Carefully remove all edible fruit from mango and set aside the husk. This is the seed.

  • Use a soft scrub brush to remove any remaining stringy bits from husk.

  • Dry husk with tea towel and set aside to further air dry for 1-2 days maximum.

Prepare Seed
  • Husk should now be quite dry (crisp). Carefully cut away edges and remove husk to reveal seed inside. Do not cut seed.

  • Take before photo.

Sprout Seed
  • Place seed between damp tea towels or paper towels and place in plastic food bag or container. Towel should be moist but not soaking wet.

  • Place bag in dark, warm kitchen cabinet.

  • Set reminder on your phone to check on it every 3 days.

Check for Growth
  • Every few days, unwrap seed to check for signs of growth.

  • Take photos to monitor growth.

  • Over the next few weeks, the seed will start to swell a bit. Shoots or roots will start appearing from one end. Some seeds are polyembryonic and may sprout from several locations.

Plant Sprouted Seed
  • When the new growth is around 3 inches long, the seed is ready to be planted.

  • Fill 8-inch flower pot with potting mix leaving two inches below pot lip. Water thoroughly and top up soil as needed.

  • Lay sprouted seed on soil and cover in one inch of potting mix. Water again and top up soil as needed stopping one inch below lip of pot.

Grow Your Mango Plant
  • Mangos are tropical plants that enjoy warmth and humidity.

  • Choose a sunny location but not in direct, hot sun where it could dry out.

  • Keep soil moist but not damp.

See additional mango plant care tips here.

How to grow mango at home: planting and care tips

Published:

How to grow mango at home: Unsplash/Rajendra Biswal

Mango is cultivated in different latitudes, although it is a tropical plant. To grow an exotic plant at home, you need to adhere to the relevant agricultural standards. Natalya Sheshko, Natalya Logacheva and Yulia Shkolnik give advice on planting and growing mangoes.

How to grow mango at home

Mango, or mangifera, is a genus of evergreen trees of the sumac family, one of the most important fruit crops in the tropics. As indicated in the TSB ("Great Soviet Encyclopedia"), the plant has a dense crown and grows 10–45 m tall. The fruits are drupes of various sizes with tender pulp. They are eaten fresh and canned.

Under certain conditions, mangoes can be grown at home. In the middle lane, the culture is grown indoors - greenhouses, greenhouses, winter gardens.

Mango growing conditions

In nature, the plant prefers a hot climate with little rainfall. According to Yulia Shkolnik, author of the book “Plants. The Complete Encyclopedia ”, the most famous in the world is the Indian mango tree, which is famous for its delicious fruits.

A tropical plant indoors will need a lot of light and a stable positive temperature. Fruits on the tree are not tied if the temperature drops below +12 ° C. The culture has no special requirements for the soil.

At home, only those who have planted a grafted seedling or vaccinated themselves will be able to see flowers and wait for fruits. Interestingly, a cultivated tree bears fruit twice a year, and in the wild, a mango bears fruit once a year. Its fruits ripen three months after flowering.

Mangoes are propagated by seeds, grafting and vegetatively. Dwarf mango varieties are suitable for growing in a room or other small space. They grow 1.5–2 m in height.

It is possible to grow a mango directly from the seed of a ripe fruit. Then you need to constantly engage in the formation of the crown in order to restrain the growth of the plant in sizes acceptable for an enclosed space.

Conditions for growing mangoes: Pixabay

How to grow mango from the stone

For planting mango from the stone, use a ripe fruit. Here are its external signs:

  • skin color is different (red, yellow, greenish-brown), but always with small dark specks;
  • pleasant aroma;
  • When pressed with a finger, an indentation is left on the surface.

Green fruits ripen quickly when placed in a bag of rice or placed next to bananas or apples.

Green mango: Unsplash/Phoenix Han

Plant mango from the pit, step by step:

  1. Remove the pulp from the pit and wash it under running water. If the shell has already burst, open it all the way. If not, dip the stone for 2 days in a glass of water and wait until the tough skin opens.
  2. Open the pit like an oyster. Carefully remove the grain and remove the brown film from it so that there is no decay during soaking.
  3. Soak the grain for 10 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection, rinse with clean water, wrap in a damp cloth and put in a plastic bag.
  4. Air the seed daily, change the damp cloth and bag once every 3 days to avoid mold growth.
  5. Keep the packed bone in a warm, bright place for 7-20 days until a small root appears on the pointed side.
  6. Take a 10 cm deep pot with drainage holes. Pour a drainage layer into ¼ of the container there, and fill it with a mixture of peat and coarse sand (2: 1) on top.
  7. Make a hole in the soil and plant the seed with the pointed end down, ¾ deep.
  8. Water the soil in the pot with some water.
  9. Cover container with plastic bag or cut plastic bottle.
  10. Place the pot in a bright warm place - on the windowsill, a shelf near the window or on the loggia.

With proper care, the first mango shoots will appear in 10-15 days. From one bone, several sprouts can sprout at once.

Mango Seed Sprout: Unsplash/おにぎり

How to Care for a Mango After Planting

A mango from a seed to a beautiful flowering tree and fruit will require careful care at all stages of the plant's growing season.

Care of the pit after planting

For successful germination of the pit, follow these rules:

  1. Air the planting once every 2 days, lifting the film for 10-15 minutes to prevent rotting. If the pot is covered with a cut bottle, unscrew the cap.
  2. Water moderately once every 2-3 days to keep the potting soil from getting too wet, but also from drying out completely.
  3. Make a few holes in the film or bottle for ventilation when the seedling with the first leaves emerges from the stone.
  4. Enlarge the ventilation openings every day, and remove the shelter completely after a week.
  5. Keep the first mango shoots out of direct sunlight.
  6. Spray plants with room temperature water daily.
  7. Keep the room at an optimum temperature of at least +25 °C.

Thanks to the gradual hardening of the sprout, it will prepare for further germination in new conditions for it.

Care of the seedling

The mango seedling grows quite quickly and needs to be transplanted into a larger pot every year. Natalya Logacheva and Natalya Sheshko, co-authors of the Encyclopedia of Indoor Plants, advise taking a new container 1–3 cm larger than the previous one so that the earth does not acidify in a pot before young roots penetrate into it.

It makes no sense to plant mangoes in the ground in middle latitudes. Even summer temperature drops have a bad effect on the plant, and at the first cold snap, the tree may die.

After 3-5 years the tree will bloom, but it is unlikely to bear fruit. For a mango to bear fruit indoors, it must be grafted with a cutting from a fruit-bearing tree.

How to care for mangoes at home: Pixabay

For normal mango vegetation at home, follow these agrotechnical recommendations:

  • Watering. Water the plant once every 3 days. Keep an eye on the surface of the soil and increase watering during the hot season. Use only settled warm water. Spray the leaves on the tree with a spray bottle. Wipe splashes on wide leaves with a soft cloth.
  • Lighting. Provide sufficient lighting to avoid stretching the shoots. In winter, illuminate the tree with phytolamps.
  • Temperature control. Take the plant in a pot to fresh air (balcony, loggia, terrace) when the air temperature rises above +20 °C. Even with a slight drop in temperature, move the pot to a warm place.
  • Top dressing. Apply the first top dressing when the tree is one year old. Feed mangoes in the spring and summer 2-3 times a month. Apply regular houseplant fertilizers in the recommended proportion.
  • Disease protection. Mango needs protection from fungal diseases (anthracnose, bacteriosis, powdery mildew). Sprinkle the soil in a pot with crushed charcoal, water with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. In case of obvious damage to leaves and shoots by fungi, use fungicidal preparations.

Growing an exotic mango tree at home is a viable option. So that the bone from the eaten fruit does not disappear, carry out simple manipulations, and soon a wonderful exotic tree will appear from it. If a plant is grafted with a bud from a fruit-bearing cultivated tree, juicy exotic fruits will ripen on it.

Original article: https://www. nur.kz/household/garden/1852503-kak-vyrastit-mango-v-domasnih-usloviah/

How to plant and grow 🥭 mango ᐈ How to grow mango from seed at home

Growing mango from seed is a great idea if you love everything exotic and surround yourself with indoor plants. By properly caring for and watering the tree, after a while you can get your own harvest.

Mango is a juicy tropical fruit from sunny India. We can buy it in almost every supermarket. Ripe fruits are rich in potassium, B vitamins, ascorbic acid, and are also low in calories. They are very useful for human health and beauty.

To get this storehouse of vitamins, you can grow a mango from the stone at home. To do this, you need to germinate the bone of a ripe fruit bought in a supermarket. How to do this, read further on the INFORMATION.

You can also buy mango sprout from a special nursery. In this situation, the seedling is more likely to take root, and it will be much easier to care for it. In addition, practice shows that a mango grown from a sprout bears fruit with a high degree of probability.

Is it possible to grow a mango from a stone?

Growing a mango from a stone is quite an interesting and entertaining process. Both adults and children can be involved in it. If you decide to plant a mango tree at home, we recommend that you consider the following factors:

  1. The mango from which the stone will be removed must be very ripe. You can check this in the store by feeling the fruits and choosing the softest one. If the core easily separates from the pulp during cutting, the stone is suitable for cultivation.
  2. In order to sprout a mango seed, it is better to choose a thick-walled ceramic flower pot. Due to the powerful root system, the mango tree can destroy thin walls. The holes at the bottom of the pot also play an important role. They allow excess moisture to escape, and the roots of the plant to breathe.
  3. Due to its origin, mango is very fond of warmth and sunlight. Therefore, it is better to put a pot with a plant on a windowsill on the sunny side of the house.

You can plant mango from the stone at home at any time of the year. However, during the cold period, this may require an additional light source. Mango grows in tropical countries. Therefore, it is very important to create favorable conditions for it. This includes lighting, air temperature, and an irrigation system.

Mango tree growing in natural conditions can reach a height of 50 m. A houseplant, in turn, does not exceed two meters. However, you yourself can control the growth of the mango and cut it back when it reaches a certain height.

How to choose a ripe mango

Choosing a ripe mango in a supermarket is not a difficult task. Even if you don’t succeed the first time, you can always leave the fruit to ripen at home. This is done using a paper bag, in which, in addition to the mango itself, apples and bananas are placed. When buying fruits in the store, pay attention to:

  1. Peel. It should have a smooth and shiny surface without rot and various kinds of holes. The latter may indicate damage to the fetus by parasites that could easily penetrate the bone. You should not pay attention to color, because many mango varieties remain green even when ripe.
  2. Consistency. When feeling, the fruit should be easily pressed through, and the resulting dents should return to their previous shape.
  3. Odor. Only ripe mangoes have a characteristic pleasant aroma. Unripe fruits do not smell of anything.

How to sprout a mango pit

There are several ways to sprout a mango pit:

  • split the pit, remove the embryo, which looks like a large bean, and place it in a container of water until a sprout appears;
  • place the whole bone in a glass of water at room temperature and place on a well-lit window sill. Change water once every few days;
  • Wrap the kernel (or several) extracted from the bone with wet gauze and leave in a warm place. It is very important to keep the gauze always wet.

After the sprout has broken through, you can start choosing a pot and soil.

Soil and pot selection

If you decide to grow a mango from a stone at home, we recommend that you choose a pot responsibly. It should be quite tall, as the mango tree grows deep. The preferred material is ceramic. It is also important to use a pot with thick walls. Otherwise, the root system of the plant will simply destroy it. There should be special holes at the bottom of the pot. It is also worth pouring drainage there. In this way, we will provide the mango with the optimal amount of moisture.

As for the choice of soil for growing mangoes at home, it is best to use the universal option. For such soil, it is easier to pick up fertilizer, and it also absorbs water well. It is very important to take into account the acidity of the earth (pH). It must be neutral. You can check the level of acidity using a special unit or a disposable indicator. Test indicators cost mere pennies, so we recommend that every home plant lover get one. Information about the pH of the soil is also often indicated on the packaging.

How to plant a mango at home

The seed is prepared, the pot and soil are selected, which means it's time to properly plant a mango at home. We present to your attention step by step instructions:

  1. Take a deep pot with thick walls and special holes in the bottom.
  2. Make a drainage layer that takes up a quarter of the container.
  3. Backfill with soil that has been correctly selected and purchased from a specialist shop.
  4. Make a small indentation and place the seed there with the sprout up and the intended root down.
  5. Add a layer of earth approximately 1 cm thick.
  6. Organize a greenhouse to provide the plant with a favorable microclimate.

Making a fake greenhouse is quite easy. To do this, you can use ordinary cling film or the top of a bottle cut in half. The second option would be preferable, as it will allow regular airing of the pot. You need to air the plant every day for no more than ten minutes.

A mango that is used to a tropical climate will take a long time to germinate. So be patient. You will have to wait about a month, and in some cases even longer. But when the sprout begins to break through the ground, it will no longer be stopped.

Another recommendation for anyone who decides to grow mangoes at home. From the moment you see a green sprout on the surface of the soil, you should slightly increase watering. It is better to divide the volume of water in half, and water the plant twice a day. So you definitely will not be able to waterlog the soil. You can also put some kind of tray under the pot so that water flows into it. Then the mango itself will be able to get the moisture it lacks. However, it is better to do this when the plant grows a little.

Care after planting the seed

Early care plays an important role in growing mango from the stone at home. After planting the seeds, the pot must be moved to a warm and well-lit place. Direct sunlight is not recommended. In the cold season, you can use an additional light source in the form of a wall lamp.

Basic early care advice:

  • ventilate once a day for 5-10 minutes;
  • water with warm clean water;
  • Avoid drafts.

It is very important to observe the temperature regime:

  • the air temperature in the room must be at least 25 °C;
  • irrigation water temperature - 30 °C.

Unlike an adult plant, it is best to keep the sprout away from the sun. The first meetings with the sun's rays should happen no earlier than a month after germination.

To grow a mango, continue to care for the plant after it has sprouted. First you need to wean it from greenhouse conditions. This should be done gradually, every day increasing the amount of time spent in the open. Also, the pot must be left open all night.

The next step is spraying with warm water. Spraying can be done several times a month with a spray bottle. This should be done away from direct sunlight, and the remaining water should be removed with paper towels.

Plants older than one year are watered 2-3 times a week with warm settled water. It is important to control the amount of water, taking into account spraying, so that the soil is not waterlogged. You can check the soil moisture level by feeling its top layer.

Mango growing conditions may seem difficult at first glance. However, the result is worth the effort. In addition, it is much easier to care for an adult plant.

Mango care

Properly planting a mango seed is not enough to make a beautiful ornamental plant. Care plays a big role here, namely:

  • illumination;
  • watering;
  • temperature regime;
  • timely pruning;
  • correct transplant;
  • top dressing.

Lighting

A mature plant needs sun. Mango should be under proper lighting for at least 11 hours a day. In the cold season, artificial light sources can be used. It can be a tall table or wall lamp. To grow a mango from a seed, it is necessary to create climatic conditions for it that are close to the tropics. And first of all it concerns the illumination.

Temperature

For mangoes, the comfortable air temperature is 25 °C. The plant does not like drafts and strong temperature fluctuations. This point is very important to consider when choosing a place where the mango will stand.

Watering Rules

When you decide to plant a mango, be prepared to carefully monitor the moisture level in the pot. Ideally, the plant should be watered once every 2-3 days. However, this moment directly depends on the time of year and ambient temperature. When in doubt about whether or not to water the pot, feel the top layer of soil. If it is wet, it is better not to water the plant. Otherwise, mold may form on the surface of the earth. Watch the water temperature. It should be warm - about 30 ° C, and always settled.

Pruning

The first time a plant is pruned when it reaches a height of about 1.5 meters. This is necessary so that the mango begins to grow in breadth, and not in height. It is recommended to trim the cuttings twice a year. This must be done before or after transplantation. The instruction is quite simple:

  • cut off the top, leaving no more than five strong shoots;
  • Sprinkle the cut with charcoal.

How to understand that we grow mangoes correctly? After the pruning procedure, the plant will become thicker and more beautiful.

Repotting

Mangoes need to be repotted 1.5 years after they germinate. As practice shows, at this age the root system of the plant occupies almost the entire first pot. As already mentioned, for transplanting it is better to take a tall ceramic flowerpot with thick walls. As for size, the new pot should be 5 cm larger in diameter than the previous one. You can transplant mangoes by transshipment or by completely digging out the root. Fortunately, the mango tree is not afraid of such manipulations.

Top dressing

Once you have planted the mango seed, you don't have to fertilize the soil. However, without this, the plant will look ordinary and not beautiful enough. To feed the mango tree, you can use an all-purpose fertilizer with a high nitrogen content. This should be done during the period of its active growth, namely in spring or summer.

How to graft a mango

Properly planted mangoes bloom every year from the age of five. But in the issue of fruiting, there are some nuances. In theory, a house plant can bear fruit. However, the likelihood that this will happen is very low. To grow a mango with fruit, it must be grafted from a fruiting plant. These can be found in the city botanical garden or in the nursery. It is enough to use the Internet to find the address and phone number.

How it works:

  • one of the shoots is cut with a sterile blade;
  • a bud of a fruit-bearing plant is inserted into the resulting incision;
  • Wrap the grafting site with adhesive tape.

The tape can be removed a few weeks after the procedure.

Next, you need to wait for the moment of flowering. This usually happens after a few seasons. And after 2-4 years, you will be able to observe the appearance of fruits on almost every branch of the tree.

After grafting, mangoes are recommended to be fertilized every month. For these purposes, a universal fertilizer for palm plants, which contains nitrogen, is suitable. During the period of flowering and fruiting, the portion of fertilizer should be increased.

Initially, a large number of fruits should not be expected. But after 3-4 years you will be able to enjoy them to your heart's content.

If you decide to plant a mango seed and want to harvest regularly, it might be worth visiting the dedicated forums and chats. Very often at such sites they discuss the cultivation of mango trees and exchange useful tips. There you will certainly find like-minded people who can share with you the bud of a fruiting plant. And then your tree will also delight you with fruits.

Dangerous diseases and pests for mangoes

The main problem faced by people who decide to plant mangoes at home is various diseases. The vulnerability of the plant is due to the fact that even with a great desire to provide it with proper conditions of detention is impossible. Still, mango is a tropical plant, and our climate is alien to it.

Let's consider the most common diseases of the mango tree:

  • Anthracnose. This is a fungal disease that can occur when the soil is very moist. The source of infection is insects. It appears first as brown, and then as black spots on the leaves.
  • Bacteriosis. The source of infection is harmful bacteria. Ways of infection - bare sections of the plant. It manifests itself in the form of rotting leaves and stems, as well as an unpleasant odor.
  • Spider mite. These pests are often found on mango leaves. They are microscopic, so it is quite difficult to notice spider mites. However, a rusty coating on the leaves still gives them away. Feeding on the sap of the plant, they kill it. At the first sign, a leaf and stem insecticide should be used.

The first thing to do with anthracnose is to completely change the soil. It is also recommended to disinfect the roots with potassium permanganate and reconsider the irrigation regime.

Less common diseases and pests are aphids, powdery mildew, scale insects and thrips.

Mango leaves should be carefully inspected every day to avoid infection and care instructions should be followed. This applies not only to the irrigation system, air temperature and lighting, but also to the cleanliness of the room. Don't forget to wet clean regularly to keep your houseplants healthy.

Tips for beginners

Summing up, we can say that growing mangoes at home is not an easy task, but interesting. Absolutely everyone can cope with it, if you follow these recommendations:

  1. Use a ripe mango bone. The likelihood that it will germinate is much greater. And how to choose a ripe fruit is described in this article.
  2. After planting a seed, arrange greenhouse conditions for it with cling film or a plastic bottle.
  3. Use a tall, thick-walled ceramic pot.
  4. Trim the plant if you want it to be more bushy and aesthetic.
  5. Monitor the condition of mangoes and avoid infection with common diseases.
  6. Do not overdo it when watering the mango tree. Too wet soil is a favorite environment for the vital activity of fungi and bacteria.

It is not necessary to grow mango as a fruit tree. This plant itself is quite beautiful.


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