How to grow a maple tree indoors
Can You Grow a Maple Tree Indoors? Step-By-Step Guide
Maple trees transform any area they’re in thanks to their striking foliage of red, orange, and gold to lush greens and delicate pinks.
Reaching heights of 30-100+ feet, maples add drama to mountainsides and riverbanks across North America and parts of Southeast Asia – so imagine the drama these colossal shrubs might add to your humble home!
Can you grow a maple tree indoors? It is possible to grow a maple tree indoors if its seasonal needs are met and effort is made to control their natural size with regular root trimming to stunt its growth. Small Japanese maple tree varieties in particular are suited to indoor potted growth and can tolerate milder climates.
If you’re an intermediate plant keeper, growing these breathtaking trees inside your home shouldn’t be too complex, as long as you have the appropriate tools and respect their annual cycle.
From choosing your variety to watering and controlling growth, we’ll take you through each step of growing a maple indoors.How To Grow a Maple Tree Indoors Step 1 – Selecting Your Maple Tree
Dwarf varieties of the Japanese maple tree are ideal as these develop smaller root systems and mature at 3-10 feet tall.
To maintain its health, you’ll need to choose one well suited to your location.
Most maples prefer a mild climate, so areas of the US with a plant hardiness zone of 5-9 (find out which zone you’re in here) will be perfect, though cold-hardy maples can tolerate lower zones.Which Maple Trees Do Well in Pots?
- Red Dragon – compact slow-growing shrubs up to 5 feet tall and wide in zones 5-8. They are partial to direct sunlight and tolerant of frost.
- Velvet Viking – hardy and ultra-compact shrubs that mature at 4 feet tall and 5 feet wide. It’s tolerant of full sun and shade in zones 4-9.
- Ribbon-Leaf – dense, upright tree best grown in zones 6-9. It can grow up to 10 feet and is ideal for both container pots and bonsai.
Japanese maple expert John Heider of Wilson Bros Gardens recommends mixing the following soil recipe using a coffee can or small bucket as per your pot size:
- 3 parts quality potting soil – “aim higher than $1-a bag low-grade soils found at box stores.”
- 2 parts bark chips – “use orchid bark or pine chips to keep the soil slightly acidic as this aids in aerating the soil for better drainage and helps it to retain nutrients over an extended period.”
- 1 part pumice/perlite – this is lightweight volcanic rock material that “provides excellent water, air, and nutrient-retaining capabilities.” Agricultural-grade pumice is best – just wash the product beforehand to remove particles.
Wearing protective gardening gloves, pot your maple tree sapling in a pot twice its current size. Three-gallon pots are usually appropriate for dwarf maple saplings.
Remove your maple sapling from its existing container, and gently remove the soil from its roots.
Fill your new pot with soil mix, and make a hole for your sapling, placing it into the soil so that the top of its root ball system sits about 1 inch below the pot rim.
Add more soil until the pot is filled to the height of the top of the root ball.Step 3 – Watering and Fertilizing an Indoor Maple Tree
Using room temperature water, water your tree once weekly throughout the year and every other day during summer, avoiding the leaves.
A morning watering is best so it doesn’t stay soggy overnight risking root suffocation, and water until the soil is moist but not soaked.
John B. of the Sky Nursery in Washington State, recommends slow-release organic fertilizer which “contains beneficial bacteria to help your maple absorb more water and nutrients.”
Apply this to your tree “once in mid-March and again in early July,” but don’t fertilize later in the season to avoid root damage.Step 4 – Replicating Natural Conditions
Green-leafed maples can tolerate direct sunlight, while lacey/variegated varieties fare better in partial shade to prevent scorching.
Conservatories and rooms with large south-facing windows will be ideal, but growers on the Botanical Garden forum suggest “HID (High-intensity Discharge) lights to control sunlight intensity.”
Most maples prefer cooler temperatures and you’ll need to mimic their natural seasonal patterns by placing them outside for a few hours each night during spring/summer (keep them on a wheeled plant stand for convenience).
You’ll also need to help your potted maple enter its natural dormant cycle (around the end of October) and protect its roots from frost damage by either…
- Insulating the pot – create a closed fence around the plant using chicken wire and drop mulch and hay into the gap so you completely cover the tree from the ground up to the top of the pot.
- Storing in your garage – set up a microclimate in an unheated garage over winter according to the hardiness zone of your specific maple variety.
- Planting it in the yard – if you have the space, the best way to protect the roots and replicate its natural dormancy is to bury your maple (pot included) in the earth and cover the top with mulch for extra insulation.
Using clean heavy-duty pruning shears, cut any broken or diseased-looking branches (soft or discolored bark) and prune back decaying leaves during summer when you can see its full shape.
Over time, the roots will begin to push against the sides and bottom of the pot beyond the drainage holes.
If you’re happy for your maple tree to grow taller, you should only trim the roots every couple of years using heavy-duty root-pruning shears.How Do You Keep a Maple Tree Small?
If you want to control growth, you can begin stunting it upon purchase as a sapling. Before potting it for the first time, carefully trim off 1/5 of the length of the roots.
To keep your dwarf maple stunted at this height indefinitely, slide the point of a small shovel inside the pot (about 1 inch from the rim) weekly, working your way around the entire pot.Step 6 – Repotting an Indoor Maple Tree
Repotting should be done every 2 years between October and March when the roots are in their dormant state.
Your maple tree will need rehoming in a pot twice its size once the top leaves begin crisping, roots protrude beneath the drain holes, or the current soil is draining poorly.
- Before repotting ensure it has been watered an hour before to soften up the soil for easy removal.
- With the help of another person, loosen the soil around the edge of the pot and gently pull the tree out holding the base of the main stem.
- Add your ideal soil recipe to your new pot, and make a hole for your maple tree. Lightly pat the soil up to the top of the tree’s root ball – taking care not to compact it – and water it thoroughly.
Maple trees can be grown indoors for as long as you can control their yearly growth (2 feet on average) with branch/root pruning.
Their longevity indoors will depend on the following care choices:
- How timely you are with repotting to prevent root decline.
- Over-fertilizing, creating hard-to-control growth.
- Scorching delicate/variegated maples in direct sunlight.
- Disregarding dormancy needs, allowing the soil to freeze.
Though they require outdoor growth to thrive, bonsai maple trees are hugely popular in teaching beginners how to control potted tree growth and preserve the beautiful foliage of regular maple trees in miniature form.
Houseplant enthusiast Cori Sears of The Spruce recommends the Japanese maple bonsai in particular for its beginner-friendly care of “low sunlight needs and flexible branches that are easy to shape and prune.”Related Questions:Can You Grow a Maple Tree From a Branch?
New maple tree roots can be grown from a branch cutting by soaking the end in root hormones (I use this one) to aid development.
Bonide - Bontone II Rooting Powder (1.25 oz)
Check Price On Amazon
Branch cuttings must be taken in spring or early summer when they contain new growth and should be planted in a pot of moist soil for 8-10 weeks, by which time the branch should develop roots.
Alternatively, you could air layer a maple tree branch to propagate another tree. We explain how to air layer trees here.What Trees Can Grow Indoors?
Tropical trees with greater sensitivity to colder temperatures and higher humidity needs tend to grow successfully indoors – these include the Norfolk island pine, Parlor Palm, umbrella tree, tree fern, large rubber tree plant, and Natal mahogany.Conclusion
In summary, growing maple trees indoors is feasible and rewarding with growth control measures and consideration for their seasonal cycle (i.e. providing the right sunlight intensity and coaxing dormancy).
Due to its many stunning slow-growing varieties, dwarf Japanese maple trees are championed by growers the world over as the best type for successful indoor growth.
A Quick Guide To Growing Maple Trees Indoors
Last Updated on December 29, 2021 by Guillermina
Thinking of growing maple trees indoors? Read our quick guide and find out what it takes to bring a touch of magic into your home.
Maple trees come in all shapes and sizes, but they have one thing in common – striking and unique color in the fall. Nothing in this world can compare to this tree. It is used for anything and everything. We use maple syrup to sweeten our pancakes, and maple wood smoke to flavor our bacon. During the day we look for shade under its canopy, and at night we rest in a bed made of this type of tree. It’s amazing!
Want to watch it grow inside your home, not just outside? Continue reading our guide to find out what you need for successfully growing maple trees indoors.
Table of ContentsBasic Informations About The Tree
Maple (Acer) is a large genus consisting of about 200 species of shrubs or trees in the Sapindaceae family. This beautiful tree can be found adorning gardens lawns, along streets, and in parks around the world. It is mostly distributed in the North Temperate Zone but concentrated in China.
Maple is known for the fact that several of its species yield maple syrup, and some provide valuable, dense hardwood for furniture or other purposes. All maples bear pairs of winged seeds, and they are called samaras or keys. As for the leaves, they are arranged oppositely on twigs, and are either lobes or separated into leaflets.Can You Grow A Maple Tree Indoors
Although it sounds rather strange, especially when you have the image of mountainsides and riverbanks across North America and parts of Southeast Asia in your head – it is really possible to grow an indoor maple tree. Just imagine how much beauty and drama these shrubs might add to your home.How To Grow a Maple Tree IndoorsSelecting Your Maple Tree
Not every species of maple is suitable for growing indoors. It would be best to opt for those that develop a smaller root system and mature up to 3-10 feet in height. You also need to consider your location.
The vast majority prefer a mild climate, so areas that have a plant hardiness zone of 5-9 will be the perfect choice for cultivation. However, keep in mind that cold-hardy maples can tolerate even lower zones.The Most Ideal Types of Indoor Maple Trees
Red Dragon – compact and slow-growing shrubs that grow up to 5 feet tall and wide in zones 5-8. They are partly fond of direct sunlight and are special because they tolerate frost.
Velvet Viking – ultra-compact and very hardy shrubs. This type matures at 4 feet tall and 5 feet wide and is tolerant of full sun and shade in zones 4-9.
Ribbon-Leaf – an upright, dense tree that can grow up to 10 feet, in zones 6-9. This type is ideal for both container pots (growing indoors) and as a bonsai.Potting an Indoor Maple Tree
The process is not difficult and complicated at all and requires very little material and tools.
Some basic recommendations say that it would be good to mix the following soil recipe using a coffee can or a small bucket according to the size of your pot.
- 3 parts quality potting soil.
- 2 parts bark chips (use orchid bark or pine chips to keep the soil slightly acidic, well-drained, and retain nutrients).
- 1 part pumice/perlite (it is a lightweight volcanic rock material with excellent water, air, and nutrient-retaining capabilities).
Remove your maple sapling from its existing container and gently shake and remove soil from its roots. Fill the pot you intended for this with the soil mixture and make a hole for your sapling. Then, plant it in the ground so that the top of the root ball system is about 1 inch below the edge of the pot. Finally, add the soil until you fill the pot to the height of the top of the root ball.
Well, that would be it! You have successfully planted your maple tree.Watering and Fertilizing an Indoor Maple Tree
It is recommended to water your tree once a week with room temperature water, avoiding the leaves. Prefer morning watering, because this way you can avoid excessive soaking overnight and risking suffocation of the roots.
As for fertilization, try to use a slow-release organic fertilizer. This way you will supply the tree with beneficial bacteria that will help it absorb more water and nutrients.
The color of its leaves will reveal almost everything you need to know when it comes to sunbathing. Green-leafed maples can tolerate direct sunlight. While on the other hand, lacey/variegated varieties fare better in partial shade to prevent “sunburn”.
Conservatories and/or rooms with large south-facing windows will be an ideal place for growing maple trees indoors. In the absence of sunny days, you can also use artificial light.
Since they prefer colder climates and temperatures, it would be good to mimic their natural seasonal patterns. You can do this by taking them outside for a few hours each night during spring/summer.How To Control Growth On A Maple Tree Grown Indoors?
Since they can grow quite tall, this is one of those things you will need to take care of when growing maple trees indoors. Take clean heavy-duty pruning shears and cut any broken or diseased-looking branches. Also, don’t forget to trim the roots every couple of years using heavy-duty root-pruning shears.
There is another little trick you can use to keep your dwarf maple stunted at your desired height indefinitely. Namely, weekly push the tip of a small shovel inside the pot and then go around the whole pot.
So, maple trees can be grown indoors for as long as you can control their yearly growth.
Growing maple trees indoors is not complicated and will not take you too much time. Most importantly, it is suitable even for beginners in the world of indoor plant cultivation.
Imagine how much one tree can elevate a room in which it is located to a new level. It is trendy and very elegant.
What do you think about the maple tree indoors? Write to us below.
Read more about Growing Blueberry Plants Indoors – A Complete Guide To A Successful Harvest
Maple tree planting and care. How to grow maple in the country. -Landscape design studio
- Which maple to plant on the site
- Preparatory work before planting a tree
- Maple Planting and Care
Due to its unusual decorative effect and docile nature, maple is often used in the landscape design of the Moscow region. Planting and caring for maple is not difficult, and the return from it is very high. The tree is undemanding to soils and endures frosts. And if in winter the young shoots freeze, in the spring it will grow new ones.
Landscape design studio STROY-GAZON offers you to create a design project for your site, as well as professionally perform planting and landscaping. 8 (916) 999-99-20
Elegant foliage attracts attention throughout the warm season. In spring, against the background of blossoming burgundy leaves, inflorescences of small bright yellow fragrant flowers stand out clearly. The grown leaves turn green and acquire the shape characteristic of each species and variety: five-fingered, carved, pointed. There are variegated forms of maples with variegated foliage. All summer long, against the background of maple greenery, bright red, pinkish, yellowish-green clusters of lionfish fruits stand out. In September, ripened seeds lose their brightness, but it is then that the leaves begin to change their color. In different species, they are scarlet, yellow, orange, pink, burgundy.
And even the trunks of these trees can be decorative. The bark of the Tatar maple is black, while the bark of the fan maple is greenish, light brown, beige. There are several varieties of serpentine maples. Their trunks are covered with an unusual "serpentine" pattern: alternating white and green or brown vertical stripes.
Maple tree planting and maintenance does not include cutting. This is one of the few trees that independently form a beautiful, dense, symmetrical crown. If the plant is not used in a green hedge, it does not need to be trimmed annually. The trunk grows even and slender, and the fertile shadow of the dense crown saves the surrounding area from the heat.
- Ginnala Maple
- Maple Globoza on a low trunk
- Maple Royal Red
Which maple tree to plant on the site
Several dozen species and varieties of maple are used in the landscaping of sites. To make a spectacular hedge, you can plant a bush maple undersized on the site. In small areas, in rockeries, mini-gardens, trees about 3 m high are planted. If the area is large enough, the owner chooses large trees with a height of 10 m or more.
Most popular maple species:
- Far Eastern
- Holly or Sycamore
Shrubs or small trees:
- Bearded - up to 5 m
- Ginnala or Prirechny - up to 5 m
- Tatar - up to 7 m
- Ash-leaved - up to 7 m
- False siboldov - up to 8 m
Japanese garden maples - low growing, tiered, with asymmetrical crown and horizontal branching:
- Fan-shaped or Palmate
- Reddish Veined
Breeders divided almost every species into several varieties that differ in the color of foliage, shoots and bark, crown shape, and trunk height. After consulting with a specialist in a landscape studio, you can pick up and plant a maple tree in the country, which is optimal for it in size and shape.
Preparatory work before planting a tree
Before planting a maple tree on the site, you need to make sure that the grown tree will not become a problem in the future.
An open sunny area should be chosen for the tree in order to get a beautiful lush crown and be able to admire it. Spreading maple growing close to the house can greatly obscure the premises. Its shadow will be detrimental to sun-loving flowering perennials and shrubs.
The second possible inconvenience from maple is the numerous shoots of its seeds. They are carried by the wind and thrive in cultivated soil. If there are flowerbeds or beds in the immediate vicinity, you need to be prepared to deal with additional weeds.
It is possible to plant a maple on a permanent site at the age of 2-3 years, when the tree will show its varietal qualities and become an independent viable organism.
Maple loves fertile soil. If a sufficient amount of humus or compost is prepared for planting, the question of how to grow a maple tree strong and healthy will be resolved.
It is not difficult when and how to plant a maple so that it quickly takes root and gives growth. Maple with an open root system is planted in spring or autumn. A seedling grown in a container culture can be placed in a permanent place at any time of the year. It is better to plant a large-sized plant in winter, when the earth ball is guaranteed not to crumble from the roots.
- Maple Flamingo
- Maple Fassen Black
Planting and caring for maple
Planting and caring for maple starts at least 2-3 weeks before the purchase of the tree. Under the seedling, they dig a landing hole 70 cm deep in advance. The excavated earth is mixed with humus. If the soil is dense clayey, sand and peat are added to the planting soil. In areas flooded with groundwater, drainage from crushed stone and sand is arranged in a pit with a layer of at least 20 cm.
A stake is driven into the bottom of the pit, 100-150 g of mineral fertilizer is poured and partially filled with enriched earth mixture. The root system is freed from the strapping or container, placed on the poured soil so that its root collar rises 5 cm above the site. The roots are straightened and covered with the remnants of the earth, compacting with the foot. After watering the seedling with 10-20 liters of water, the soil will settle, the neck will drop to the edge of the pit. The tree is tied to a stake.
Maple planting and care of the seedling on the first day are completed, if necessary, with partial pruning of the branches. In spring and summer, during the period of solar activity, a freshly planted tree should be shaded so that it does not expend energy on evaporation, but on the development of roots and shoots. You need to water the seedling monthly with 10 liters of water, and in hot summer - weekly.
In the next few years, the young maple will need regular top dressing with mineral fertilizers for active growth. An adult plant tolerates drought well, but if it is periodically watered during the dry season, the crown will be more lush and fresh.
The tree should be inspected regularly for pests and diseases. If infection is detected, remove damaged leaves and shoots, treat with insecticides or fungicides. The trunk circle should be regularly weeded and loosened in order to destroy possible pests and improve air access to the roots.
As you can see, planting maple in the country and learning how to properly care for it is not an easy task. But don't despair! If this is difficult for you, then I, Alisa Samoilova, will be happy to help you! Call me at: 8-916-999-99-20, and I will provide you with any assistance in landscaping the site, planting trees and plants, as well as any other issues related to landscape design.
Bonsai cultivation of red Japanese maple
Bonsai people deify maples, sakura and mountain pine. For them, pine is a symbol of constancy, sakura is beauty and harmony, maple is the flow of life. Representatives of the maple are found most often in the Northern Hemisphere. Bonsai culture favors Chinese, Japanese and Far Eastern varieties. But the wide distribution of this plant in the Caucasus, Europe and North America made it possible to include these varieties in it.
- 1 Optimal maple variety for bonsai
- 1.1 Options for growing
- 2 Rules for growing maple Bonsai
- 3 We use seedlings for the propagation of Japanese red maple
- 4 Propagation 9000 material
- 6.1 Rules for the care of seedlings
- 7 Features of growing maple bonsai
- 7.1 How to properly form a tree crown
- 7.2 Best way to grow red maple in the garden
- 7. 3 Pest control
- 8 Interesting information
Best variety of maple for bonsai
Bonsai is a variety of plants that are widely distributed in Japanese culture. To create such a miracle at home, it is necessary, first of all, to trim the crown so that it acquires the correct shape. Subsequently, you need to work with the root system. A bonsai tree can be grown from bamboo, sakura, lemon and pine. But the most amazing piece will be the red maple bonsai. Most of the plants are classified as evergreens, only sakura in spring pleases with its beautiful color. Unlike the rest, maple has leaves with variegated, bright hues. This plant will be a wonderful decoration for any home and will not leave anyone indifferent.
To get the desired result from maple, you need to approach the choice of variety very seriously. The following varieties are considered to be the most suitable:
These specimens, due to their small size and small leaves, will perfectly harmonize with other representatives from the bonsai composition. Currently, the art of decorating living home masterpieces has gained a large scale and is constantly being improved. If you wish to have such beauty at home, then just go to a specialized store and purchase a blue maple bonsai, purple, Japanese red. They will perfectly fit into any interior.
Small trees can be grown using the following molds:
Composition at home can be grown using seeds or cuttings, giving it any shape. One has only to study in detail the principle of action, to do everything consistently and correctly, not missing important nuances.
Maple bonsai rules
This is a rather capricious tree, and its growth and development can be adversely affected by a negative external environment. It is already accustomed to the climate of central Russia. But the place of his permanent residence should be treated very carefully. Fan and far-sighted varieties are most preferred, but they may have problems due to:
- direct sunlight;
- constant drafts and wind;
- bad lighting.
If there is a choice between shade and sun, it is better to choose the latter. Although with such a neighborhood the leaves will become smaller, there is no need to remove the buds, thereby weakening the tree. And the color of the leaves under the sun's rays will be much richer and brighter. In summer, the red maple bonsai can be taken out into the street, but on the condition that the pot is installed in a place where there are no gusts of wind. Otherwise, the pruned root system will not allow the tree to withstand strong winds, and it will fall out of the pot.
Useful information. If maples are installed in a poorly ventilated room, where the temperature is low, high humidity, then they can be affected by diseases such as a harmful fungus, powdery mildew and anthracnose.
Great care must be taken when watering this plant. During the hot period, the frequency of watering and the volume of water increases. In winter, when the leaves have fallen off and the maple has fallen asleep, it does not need excessive moisture.
With the onset of spring, maple should be fed with special formulations containing iron. This nuance must be taken into account in the manufacture of the substrate. Maple bonsai prefers to develop in a nutritious and aerated soil mixture with a slightly acidic or neutral environment. In addition to the usual components, a special clay substrate must be added to the soil, which will provide good strengthening of the roots and change the structure of the earth.
The process of transplanting and choosing a new pot falls on the time of cutting the root system. This happens every 2-3 years. Roots are not only formed, but damaged or dried areas are also removed. They are also cleared of adhering earth.
We use seedlings to propagate Japanese red maple
If you propagate Japanese maple with seeds, you can lose its decorative qualities. Therefore, the main method of propagation of this plant is cuttings. Vaccinations and mutations are also used. There are species of this plant that grow exclusively in Japan. If a resident of another region wishes to have the same tree at home, then it is best to grow it from a seedling.
The choice of Japanese maple seedlings must be approached with great care. Any oversight can lead to a negative result. And since this plant is a curiosity in our country, its cost is quite significant. Therefore, the following points must be taken into account:
- Select the correct type. In the presence of a large free space, you can give preference to varieties that are quite tall, which include Shirasawa and Orange Dream. If you need to decorate a small garden, terrace, hall, then there is no better option than a small maple bonsai. Katsura and Mikawa yatsubusa will also work.
- Pay attention to those seedlings that are sold in containers. This will help avoid problems with rooting, because if you want to plant a plant in a new pot, then this can be done by pulling out a seedling with a clod of earth in which it was previously located. With such actions, you can save the root system safe and sound.
- It is worth asking about the age of the tree. A one-year-old seedling or a little younger is most suitable for planting. Mature plants are too capricious and may not transfer the transplant to a new container.
- Carefully inspect the tree and make sure it looks healthy, the leaves are not withering, there are no signs of decay, there are no signs of damage by insects.
Each variety of Japanese maple requires individual care. There are varieties that prefer abundant watering, and there are those that can die from an abundance of water. The fan maple grows well in full sun, while the palmate maple prefers to stay in the shade. Fan maple has a small root system, so it can be planted in the garden next to other trees, buildings, fences, as long as the landing site is well lit. It is better not to fertilize the seedlings of this tree, because an excess of fertilizer can lead to the death of seeds. Seed material can be planted in loose soil.
Propagation by cuttings
In order not to have problems growing the Japanese maple, you need to use a tree cutting to propagate it. Steps to be taken in this direction:
- With the onset of summer, a branch of a tree is harvested. They stop at the one they like the most, on which the bark has not yet formed.
- Close to the base of the cutting, make an annular incision in the skin and wood. Roots should appear in this place.
- An identical incision is made next, slightly higher than the previous one (by 3 cm).
- Remove bark and hard part between cuts.
- Roots are being germinated for subsequent planting.
- A special hormone is applied to the cut area to form roots. By consistency, it can be either powder or gel.
- To speed up the development of roots, sphagnum moss, previously moistened with water, is attached to the cut. All this is wrapped in plastic wrap and left in a cool, dark place.
- At the end of the crescent, young roots can be seen. Then the polyethylene can be removed.
There is another way to get new roots. The sprig is inserted into a prepared container with compost and sand mixed together. The substance is pre-moistened.
Planting with shoots
For this procedure, you will need a pot, which must have drainage holes. Rounded pebbles are laid out in it, soil is poured, which includes 4 parts of crushed bark and 1 part of peat. The amount of soil is determined independently, but it should be sufficient to fix the tree. On the shoot, they carefully peel off the thin bark so as not to violate the integrity of the root system. The exposed area is placed in the ground.
Expert advice. A small amount of moss - sphagnum can be added to the soil. It will become not only a fertilizer, but also soften hard water, which will favorably affect the development of the plant's root system. So that the tree in the pot does not stagger, a wooden peg is stuck into the container and a young plant is tied to it.
For seedlings, cuttings are used only in cases where the street will be the permanent location of the tree. Even if you properly care for the plant, it is still more dear to him than open space than good conditions in the apartment. You can bring Japanese maple into the house at a time when its foliage changes color, and then no more than a couple of hours.
Use of seed material
Japanese red maple can also be planted with seeds that are placed in the ground. But it will not be possible to control their correct development. It is better to resort to the help of a special container or tray for disembarkation. The rules for such a planting differ depending on the plant variety and the specific climate. But there are common points, which are as follows:
|1.||It is necessary to put a grid in the selected container from below.|
|2.||Land of a larger fraction than the cells of the grid is laid out on the grid.|
|3.||The next layer of earth is finer, mixed with compost.|
|4.||The seeds are laid out and covered with a small layer of potting mix.|
If the seed has been stored for too long or the climate is not suitable for your tree, the seed is specially treated before planting to improve its germination.
Rules for the care of seedlings
Young shoots obtained from seeds are pruned by the root system 3 months after they hatch. Only a third part remains of the main root, the rest is removed. Regardless of the color of the crown (green, blue, red, purple), the trees develop identically. Plants are transplanted every two years in the spring. In this case, the soil is completely changed to a new one, the main and side roots are cut by ¼. Shoots can be pinned after the appearance of 3-4 leaves.
Once the plant has reached 10 centimeters in height, it is transplanted into a ceramic pot. In late spring or early summer, special top dressings are added to maple bonsai. The trees should be placed in the shade, and not in open sunlight. These plants do not tolerate large temperature fluctuations.
Features of growing maple bonsai
Although this tree looks miniature, it has nothing to do with house plants. Prefers to grow in the wild, along with his tall counterparts. The main condition for its successful development is the presence of a sufficient amount of sunlight. With this in mind, it is necessary to select a place in the garden for the Japanese maple. It is in the morning hours that he should receive the portion of sunlight due to him.
During hot summers, the tree must be protected from the scorching sun. With strong heating, the leaves of the tree change their color and turn brown. But the negative impact doesn't end there. Strongly dried leaves will fall off. Another enemy of the red Japanese maple is strong winds, which also adversely affect the condition of the leaves.
These trees are afraid of very low temperatures, as their root system is located at a small distance from the ground level, so there is a threat of freezing. When the temperature drops below 5 degrees, the plant may slow down or stop its development.
Watering should be handled with care. Wrong actions can lead to the death of the red maple. Moreover, you can use water only slightly acidic or neutral.
To create a bonsai, you need to properly trim the crown. First of all, get rid of new shoots and small twigs. Old branches are pruned in late autumn or at the height of summer, when the plant can independently “heal” the resulting wound with callus. Do not prune in the spring. This will result in excessive juice loss.
How to shape the crown of a tree
Bonsai cannot be grown without pruning. It is worth starting this action when up to 5 pairs of leaves have appeared on the branch. As a rule, shortening takes place by a couple of leaves, while large leaf plates are plucked separately, after which the cuttings remain. After a short time, these cuttings wither and fall off, and large leaves give way to smaller ones that look beautiful on bonsai.
In July, a healthy tree should be defoliated and the growth buds removed, which can cause:
- slow growth;
- formation of short shoots;
- increase in crown density.
As for the red Japanese maples, such an operation is contraindicated for them, as it can greatly weaken the plant.
The best way to grow red maple in the garden
If the climate in your area is cold enough, you can grow Japanese maple in tubs so that it can overwinter at home. The tub is very convenient for growing due to the fact that it is quite mobile and can be installed anywhere. In the presence of bright sun, the tub can be placed in the shade, hidden under a canopy from heavy rain or hail.
In Japan, these tubs are placed on plinths so that these miniature beautiful trees can be seen better. The Japanese red maple pairs well with ornamental shrubs, other trees, ornamental grasses, and various flowers. This plant will decorate any pond, park, stone garden, front garden and any other place where you can relax. This dwarf tree harmonizes perfectly with asters, chrysanthemums, oaks. Excellent neighbors for red maple will be juniper, boxwood and decorative coniferous bushes.
If the maple tree grows indoors, it can be affected by some diseases and pests, such as mealybugs, aphids, spider mites, scale insects. This may be the result of improper plant care or the presence of infected houseplants in the immediate vicinity. To eliminate these diseases, it is necessary to treat the tree with broad-spectrum insecticides. When spots or powdery mildew appear on the leaves, it is necessary to treat the plant with Bordeaux liquid. You can also use a solution of colloidal sulfur or copper oxychloride.
Almost all components of Japanese red maple are used in lithotherapy. Particular attention is paid to leaves and seeds.