How to grow a mushroom tree


Huge mushroom – Minecraft Wiki

in: Citations missing titles, Terrain features, Fungi

English

This article is about the Overworld structure. For Nether structure, see Huge fungus. For the block, see Mushroom Block. For other uses, see Mushroom (disambiguation).

Huge mushrooms are tree-like features that consist of mushroom blocks. They can be found naturally in swamp‌[BE only], Flower Forest‌[BE only], dark forest, and mushroom fields biomes, or grown from a small mushroom by applying bone meal on it - small mushrooms do not turn into huge mushrooms naturally.

Contents

  • 1 Generation
  • 2 Growth
  • 3 Construction
    • 3.1 Huge brown mushrooms
    • 3.2 Huge red mushrooms
  • 4 Data values
    • 4.1 ID
  • 5 History
  • 6 Trivia
  • 7 Gallery
    • 7.1 Scenery
    • 7.2 Odd generation
  • 8 References

Generation[]

Huge mushrooms naturally generate in swamp‌[BE only], Flower Forest‌[BE only], dark forest, and mushroom fields biomes.

Growth[]

Huge mushrooms can be grown by applying bone meal to a small red or brown mushroom that is planted on dirt, coarse dirt, grass blocks, rooted dirt or moss blocks with a sky and block light level of 12 or less, or on podzol, mycelium or nylium at any light level. The volume the huge mushroom would generate in must be free of solid blocks, and a minimum of 5 blocks above the mushroom, although 7 blocks allows most to spawn. 13 blocks are required for all huge mushrooms to generate. Extra tall huge mushrooms have a ~5% chance of growing.

A huge mushroom does not grow above the height limit.

Any small mushroom placed does not grow into a huge mushroom naturally; bone meal must be applied.

Construction[]

Main article: /Structure

A huge mushroom's height is normally between 5 and 7 blocks inclusive, but have a 112 chance to generate twice as high (minus 1 block), meaning they can be 9, 11, or 13 blocks tall.[1]

A huge brown mushroom

A huge red mushroom

To grow, the lowest four blocks of the stem (i. e. the three blocks above the small mushroom being grown) must be air or leaves, and a 7×7×(height−3) region above that must similarly be clear of anything except air or leaves. The block under the huge mushrooms stem must be dirt, podzol, or mycelium. Light level does not matter if placed on podzol, or mycelium, if placed on dirt, coarse dirt or grass blocks both skylight and blocklight must be 12 or less.

Huge brown mushrooms[]

Huge brown mushrooms consist of a single stalk in the center, with a 7×7 canopy of brown mushroom blocks at the top with the corners missing.

Due to the space requirement matching the size of the canopy at the top, it is possible for a huge brown mushroom to grow with its canopy directly touching a mushroom next to it.

Huge red mushrooms[]

Huge red mushrooms, like their brown counterparts, have a single stalk in the center, but a different canopy, composed of five 3×3 slabs of red mushroom blocks arranged above and around the stalk, forming a 'dome'. Note that the space requirements do not require that the area occupied by lower part of the 'dome' is clear of other blocks. Blocks that mobs can't suffocate in, such as slabs, end portal frame and end portal, are replaced; full blocks remain unchanged.

Due to the shape of the dome, the shortest huge red mushrooms can grow such that their domes touch despite the dome being smaller than the full space requirement.

Data values[]

ID[]

Java Edition:

Configured featureIdentifier
[No displayed name]huge_red_mushroom
[No displayed name]huge_brown_mushroom

which are used in:

Configured featureIdentifier
[No displayed name]mushroom_island_vegetation
[No displayed name]dark_forest_vegetation

Bedrock Edition:

FeatureIdentifier
[No displayed name]huge_red_mushroom_feature
[No displayed name]huge_brown_mushroom_feature

which are used in:

FeatureIdentifier
[No displayed name]huge_mushroom_feature

which is used in:

FeatureIdentifier
[No displayed name]minecraft:legacy:forest_foliage_feature
[No displayed name]minecraft:legacy:flower_forest_foliage_feature
[No displayed name]minecraft:legacy:roofed_forest_foliage_feature
[No displayed name]minecraft:legacy:swamp_foliage_feature

History[]

June 14, 2011Notch showed a picture of a Beta 1. 7 change-list. Although it was completely blurred out and was at first thought of as a joke, Notch later stated that one of the pictures with the new lighting system and the change list had a secret in them.
One place where people discussed it was on the Minecraft Forums, where it was discovered that the tabs at the top of the change list, which were partly covered, could be decoded based on the one pixel tall pattern available in the image.[2]
After a user named "tmcaffeine" successfully decoded the image, the tabs read: ExperienceOrb.java, changelist.txt, Level.java, Tile.java, HugeMushroomTile.jav(a?), HugeMushroomFeature.(java?), RandomLevelSource(cut).[3]
This led people to believe that huge mushrooms would be added, and indeed, later on Notch revealed a screenshot on Google+ in which two huge mushrooms could be seen as well as a village.
Java Edition Beta
1. 8Pre-releaseHuge mushrooms were added.
They did not generate naturally, but could be planted by the player by using bone meal on a red or brown mushroom planted on grass or dirt.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 PrereleaseThe mushroom island biome was added, which naturally generates huge mushrooms.
1.7.213w36aThe roofed forest biome was added, which naturally generates huge mushrooms.
1.1016w20aHuge mushrooms can now generate or grow much taller, matching the height from Pocket Edition.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.9.0build 1Added huge mushrooms.
v0. 10.0build 1Huge mushrooms can now generate in swamps.
Legacy Console Edition
TU5CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Added huge mushrooms.
TU43CU33 1.36 Patch 13Huge mushrooms can now generate or grow much taller, matching the height from Java and Bedrock editions.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Huge mushrooms are added.

Trivia[]

  • All huge mushrooms have exactly 45 blocks besides the stalk, so an average of 13.5 mushrooms can be obtained from each huge mushroom's cap.
  • Red mushrooms are rarer than brown mushrooms, but this is not the case for huge mushrooms.

Gallery[]

Scenery[]

Odd generation[]

References[]

  1. ↑ http://www. reddit.com/r/MCPE/comments/288c1n/are_there_supposed_to_be_super_tall_mushrooms/
  2. ↑ http://www.minecraftforum.net/topic/379958-
  3. ↑ http://www.minecraftforum.net/topic/380498-

Generated structures, features and terrain features 

View at: Template:Generated structures/content [edit]

Community content is available under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.

Huge mushroom – Minecraft Wiki

in: Citations missing titles, Terrain features, Fungi

English

This article is about the Overworld structure. For Nether structure, see Huge fungus. For the block, see Mushroom Block. For other uses, see Mushroom (disambiguation).

Huge mushrooms are tree-like features that consist of mushroom blocks. They can be found naturally in swamp‌[BE only], Flower Forest‌[BE only], dark forest, and mushroom fields biomes, or grown from a small mushroom by applying bone meal on it - small mushrooms do not turn into huge mushrooms naturally.

Contents

  • 1 Generation
  • 2 Growth
  • 3 Construction
    • 3.1 Huge brown mushrooms
    • 3.2 Huge red mushrooms
  • 4 Data values
    • 4.1 ID
  • 5 History
  • 6 Trivia
  • 7 Gallery
    • 7.1 Scenery
    • 7.2 Odd generation
  • 8 References

Generation[]

Huge mushrooms naturally generate in swamp‌[BE only], Flower Forest‌[BE only], dark forest, and mushroom fields biomes.

Growth[]

Huge mushrooms can be grown by applying bone meal to a small red or brown mushroom that is planted on dirt, coarse dirt, grass blocks, rooted dirt or moss blocks with a sky and block light level of 12 or less, or on podzol, mycelium or nylium at any light level. The volume the huge mushroom would generate in must be free of solid blocks, and a minimum of 5 blocks above the mushroom, although 7 blocks allows most to spawn. 13 blocks are required for all huge mushrooms to generate. Extra tall huge mushrooms have a ~5% chance of growing.

A huge mushroom does not grow above the height limit.

Any small mushroom placed does not grow into a huge mushroom naturally; bone meal must be applied.

Construction[]

Main article: /Structure

A huge mushroom's height is normally between 5 and 7 blocks inclusive, but have a 112 chance to generate twice as high (minus 1 block), meaning they can be 9, 11, or 13 blocks tall.[1]

A huge brown mushroom

A huge red mushroom

To grow, the lowest four blocks of the stem (i.e. the three blocks above the small mushroom being grown) must be air or leaves, and a 7×7×(height−3) region above that must similarly be clear of anything except air or leaves. The block under the huge mushrooms stem must be dirt, podzol, or mycelium. Light level does not matter if placed on podzol, or mycelium, if placed on dirt, coarse dirt or grass blocks both skylight and blocklight must be 12 or less.

Huge brown mushrooms[]

Huge brown mushrooms consist of a single stalk in the center, with a 7×7 canopy of brown mushroom blocks at the top with the corners missing.

Due to the space requirement matching the size of the canopy at the top, it is possible for a huge brown mushroom to grow with its canopy directly touching a mushroom next to it.

Huge red mushrooms[]

Huge red mushrooms, like their brown counterparts, have a single stalk in the center, but a different canopy, composed of five 3×3 slabs of red mushroom blocks arranged above and around the stalk, forming a 'dome'. Note that the space requirements do not require that the area occupied by lower part of the 'dome' is clear of other blocks. Blocks that mobs can't suffocate in, such as slabs, end portal frame and end portal, are replaced; full blocks remain unchanged.

Due to the shape of the dome, the shortest huge red mushrooms can grow such that their domes touch despite the dome being smaller than the full space requirement.

Data values[]

ID[]

Java Edition:

Configured featureIdentifier
[No displayed name]huge_red_mushroom
[No displayed name]huge_brown_mushroom

which are used in:

Configured featureIdentifier
[No displayed name]mushroom_island_vegetation
[No displayed name]dark_forest_vegetation

Bedrock Edition:

FeatureIdentifier
[No displayed name]huge_red_mushroom_feature
[No displayed name]huge_brown_mushroom_feature

which are used in:

FeatureIdentifier
[No displayed name]huge_mushroom_feature

which is used in:

FeatureIdentifier
[No displayed name]minecraft:legacy:forest_foliage_feature
[No displayed name]minecraft:legacy:flower_forest_foliage_feature
[No displayed name]minecraft:legacy:roofed_forest_foliage_feature
[No displayed name]minecraft:legacy:swamp_foliage_feature

History[]

June 14, 2011Notch showed a picture of a Beta 1. 7 change-list. Although it was completely blurred out and was at first thought of as a joke, Notch later stated that one of the pictures with the new lighting system and the change list had a secret in them.
One place where people discussed it was on the Minecraft Forums, where it was discovered that the tabs at the top of the change list, which were partly covered, could be decoded based on the one pixel tall pattern available in the image.[2]
After a user named "tmcaffeine" successfully decoded the image, the tabs read: ExperienceOrb.java, changelist.txt, Level.java, Tile.java, HugeMushroomTile.jav(a?), HugeMushroomFeature.(java?), RandomLevelSource(cut).[3]
This led people to believe that huge mushrooms would be added, and indeed, later on Notch revealed a screenshot on Google+ in which two huge mushrooms could be seen as well as a village.
Java Edition Beta
1. 8Pre-releaseHuge mushrooms were added.
They did not generate naturally, but could be planted by the player by using bone meal on a red or brown mushroom planted on grass or dirt.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 PrereleaseThe mushroom island biome was added, which naturally generates huge mushrooms.
1.7.213w36aThe roofed forest biome was added, which naturally generates huge mushrooms.
1.1016w20aHuge mushrooms can now generate or grow much taller, matching the height from Pocket Edition.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.9.0build 1Added huge mushrooms.
v0. 10.0build 1Huge mushrooms can now generate in swamps.
Legacy Console Edition
TU5CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Added huge mushrooms.
TU43CU33 1.36 Patch 13Huge mushrooms can now generate or grow much taller, matching the height from Java and Bedrock editions.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Huge mushrooms are added.

Trivia[]

  • All huge mushrooms have exactly 45 blocks besides the stalk, so an average of 13.5 mushrooms can be obtained from each huge mushroom's cap.
  • Red mushrooms are rarer than brown mushrooms, but this is not the case for huge mushrooms.

Gallery[]

Scenery[]

Odd generation[]

References[]

  1. ↑ http://www. reddit.com/r/MCPE/comments/288c1n/are_there_supposed_to_be_super_tall_mushrooms/
  2. ↑ http://www.minecraftforum.net/topic/379958-
  3. ↑ http://www.minecraftforum.net/topic/380498-

Generated structures, features and terrain features 

View at: Template:Generated structures/content [edit]

Community content is available under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.

How to grow mushrooms on a personal plot

How to grow mushrooms in the garden

Many of us love not only to eat mushrooms, but also to collect them. It's a pleasure to wander through the forest in search of mushroom places, cut off the elastic caps of mushrooms, filling them with a capacious wicker basket. Such an activity is good for health: in addition to physical activity, mushroom “hunting” helps to calm down and relieve stress. But for a city dweller to escape for mushrooms into the forest is a big problem. It will take a whole day, you need to go far, and even if you have your cherished places, there is no guarantee that other mushroom pickers will not get ahead of you. Due to lack of time, the high cost of gasoline and the lack of a guarantee of a mushroom "catch", many summer residents are increasingly growing mushrooms on their plots. Here you can not be afraid that someone else will cut them off, and calmly let them gain weight.

In order to grow mushrooms on your site, you need to recreate conditions close to natural conditions on it. How do mushrooms grow in the forest? The lion's share of them chooses the neighborhood with trees. Why is this happening? Yes, because the mycelium actively grows only when interacting with the root system of trees. If the estate also has plantings of spruces, pines or birches, then the chances of getting a crop of mushrooms increase. With such neighbors, mushrooms grow successfully.

How mushrooms are sown

There are many options for sowing mushrooms in the garden or in the garden. Consider those of them that give the greatest efficiency.

Use of prepared mycelium

Many stores offer ready-to-plant mycelium of different types of mushrooms. An instruction explaining in detail what to do with it is usually placed on the packaging. For different types of mushrooms, the cultivation technology is significantly different. A place in the country is prepared taking into account what type of mycelium is planned to be planted. As a rule, they choose a site under a tree of the species near which the fungus grows in natural conditions. Or they use a log or a stump for this purpose, on which mushroom colonies develop.

When planting a mycelium near a tree, it is imperative to retreat from the trunk of about 0.5 meters. On the entire area selected for sowing with mushrooms, a layer of soil is removed to a depth of 50 cm. The size of the mushroom "plantation" depends on how many spores are contained in the mycelium package. Its manufacturer also indicates on the box. The pit prepared for planting is covered with a twenty-centimeter layer of a mixture of wood dust brought from the forest of needles and fallen leaves and sawdust. From above, the prepared and laid substrate is sprinkled with a layer of ordinary garden soil 10 cm thick. The remaining substrate is mixed with the ground, and another layer of the same thickness is placed in the pit. A layer of mycelium mixed with earth is laid out on the prepared "pillow". It is recommended to add a growth stimulator to such a mixture. It is carefully distributed in an even layer over the entire planting area, all this is sprinkled on top with ordinary garden soil. After planting, the mushroom "bed" is watered with water and sprinkled with fallen leaves. Mushrooms that you plant in this way will only germinate next year. A full harvest can be obtained only after a couple of years. After the mycelium develops, it will produce a crop for 2-5 years.

Planting mushrooms on a log

This method involves two stages. First, a log is prepared and mycelium is grown, then it is planted in the ground. For this purpose, a piece of healthy, damp wood is selected. Before planting, the log is soaked for 2-3 days in water. Then they take it out, let the water drain and leave the wood for several days in a warm basement or on a tarpaulin spread out in a sunny place.

After that, you need to make holes in the log with a drill with a diameter slightly less than a centimeter (about 0.8 cm) and a depth of 4 cm. They are placed in a checkerboard pattern, the interval between them should be 10 cm. Mushroom sticks are inserted into these holes until they stop. After that, the log is wrapped with plastic wrap to retain moisture. For air access, small holes are punched in the film.

The log is left in a dark, warm room with a high level of humidity. Here it should acquire mycelium. At a room temperature of 20 °C, the log will overgrow in about 2-3 months. If the air temperature is lower, for example 10 °C, then it will take 3-4 months.

Attention! At t air exceeding 33 ° C, the mycelium is very likely to die.

It is very simple to understand that the log is overgrown with mycelium: you will see white growths in the places where the sticks are placed and at the ends. A log overgrown with mycelium should be planted in the garden. To do this, choose a shaded place, well protected from the wind. A hole is dug with a shovel according to the size of the log section to a depth of about 15 cm. The bottom is well watered. A log with a nascent mycelium is placed vertically in a prepared hole, about 30-50% of the length of the log should be underground. To protect the landing from snails, the soil around the log sticking out of the hole is sprinkled with wood ash. Mushrooms need a temperature of 15–25 °C to grow. If the weather is dry, the soil around the log should be watered every day. For the winter, they do not dig it up, just sprinkle it with fallen leaves.


Shovel bayonet for earthworks FISKARS Solid

If you do not have a summer cottage, mushrooms can be planted on the balcony. To do this, you need to stock up on a tub, fill it with earth and place a log overgrown with mycelium there.

Planting forest mycelium

You can transfer the mycelium from the forest to the site. To do this, you need to dig it out along with a layer of earth and carefully, without shaking off a lump, transfer the mycelium to the site. For its planting, it is necessary to prepare the ground. To do this, they choose a site next to a tree, retreat half a meter from it and act in almost the same way as when planting mushrooms with ready-made mycelium - they remove the top layer of soil. Only not half a meter deep, but a little less - 30–40 cm. A mixture of wood dust and foliage is placed at the bottom of the pit, then sprinkled with a layer of earth, after which the mycelium brought from the forest is laid out on the prepared pillow. If no precipitation is expected during the first two weeks from the moment of planting, then the area where the mycelium was placed will need to be equipped with drip irrigation. The mushroom picker should always be moist and shaded. You will see the best result if you plant it under a tree of a species similar to the forest tree from which it was dug.

When using this planting method, you need to be very careful when choosing a mycelium. You should check which mushrooms you take from the forest, whether they are edible, or if these are some of their false varieties. If you yourself are not sure of your knowledge, it is better to seek advice from experienced mushroom pickers.

Preparation of mushroom seedlings

This method of planting mushrooms is the easiest. Mushrooms that you want to grow on the site need to be crushed into small pieces or even twisted through a meat grinder. After that, the resulting mass is placed in a bottle of water. The stage of awakening fungal spores begins. In order for them to wake up in nature, spores need to pass through the intestines of an animal, such as a hare or a hedgehog, where they are exposed to an extremely aggressive environment that ensures the process of digestion of food.

In order to at least approximately recreate such an environment in the bottle where you placed the minced mushroom, 2 teaspoons of French yeast are added to a liter container. The mass is infused for a month. Mushroom pulp, which we do not need, settles at the bottom of the bottle. The same that is contained in the liquid is poured into a separate container. This is our seed solution.

Now you need to achieve the required concentration. Each mushroom contains a billion spores. It is not necessary to water the landing site with a solution of such a high concentration, it must be diluted. It is enough to pour one glass of seedling solution into a plastic barrel with a capacity of 200 liters filled with water and mix well. After that, take an ordinary garden watering can and pour the ground near the trees growing on the site with the resulting solution. It is desirable that they be of the same breed, near which the mushrooms you chopped for planting grew in the forest. In this way, chanterelles, mushrooms and other types of mushrooms are propagated.


Mushroom mycelium Chanterelles 60ml

How to grow white fungus

This type of mushroom is not easy to grow at home. A lot of complexities and nuances of agricultural technology make growing porcini fungus on a home plot unprofitable from a financial point of view. But many amateurs accept this challenge and find such an activity interesting and exciting. The biggest problem with growing white fungus is that it has the most complex and enduring symbiosis with forest trees. Its mycelium connects to their root system and grows on it, forming mycorrhiza. It is very difficult to recreate such conditions on a country estate: it is desirable that a zone appear on the site that resembles a coniferous or deciduous forest. If you succeed, then the probability of successfully growing white fungus will increase significantly.

For planting, overripe porcini mushrooms are taken, poured with rain (required!) Water and insisted for 24 hours. Then the water is filtered and watered over the area of ​​​​the site allocated for planting porcini mushrooms. After that, the segments of the mycelium brought into the forests must be laid out in small depressions, watered and covered with grass. If the weather is damp, then it is necessary to artificially moisten the mycelium only when planting. But if there are dry days, then the plantings will need to be moistened by spraying. Do not water, namely sprinkle, simulating rain.


Mushroom mycelium White mushroom 60ml

Can be used for planting and hats of white fungus. To do this, you need to loosen a layer of soil under the trees and put ripe hats on it. After 3 days, the caps are removed, the soil in this place is watered. If the hats are dry, they should not be placed on the ground, but slightly deepened. Some summer residents plant mushroom legs and also succeed. If you did everything right, wait for the first mushrooms next year. There will be very few of them - maybe only 1-2 mushrooms. But a year later, the harvest will please you.

General rules for planting mushrooms

Whatever method of planting mushrooms you choose, there are a number of rules that are common to growing them. If they are not observed, the chances of success are greatly reduced. They are as follows:

  • the landing site must be in the shade;

  • It is best to plant mushrooms during the warm season, starting in May and ending in September. Before winter, it is better not to do this;

  • landing should be carried out either on a cool day, or in the evening or in the morning, until the air has warmed up;

  • no need to plant mushrooms right next to the tree trunk, you definitely need to step back from it by 50–100 cm;

  • in the spring, it is recommended to add a growth stimulator to the soil;

  • the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe site where mushrooms grow should always be moist, but in no case wet, it is recommended to use drip irrigation;

  • it is better to plant mushrooms under conifers or under deciduous trees, but not fruit trees. When planted near fruit trees, the mycelium takes root very hard. If you don’t have trees at all in your country house, then you can try to set up a plantation near a wooden building using the shady side;

  • it is desirable to deepen the mycelium under the trees of the breed under which the mushrooms grow in natural conditions;

  • vegetable and fruit plantations should not closely border on a mushroom plantation; between them you need to maintain the maximum possible distance under the conditions of your site.

Resourceful mushroom pickers, who have the ability to transport large trees, transplant them from the forest along with the mycelium growing on their roots. But this method of reproduction of mushrooms on the site is very complicated and inaccessible to most summer residents.

If you are successful in growing mushrooms, you will be able to appreciate the benefits of owning a mushroom plantation at home. Mushrooms from your garden will not differ in any way from forest ones, neither in taste nor in size. And you don’t have to worry about their environmental safety, because you yourself will observe the process of their growth from the beginning to the cut. And if you have a significant plot of land, a mushroom plantation can bring a considerable income to the family budget: today many enterprises buy mushrooms from private traders at a good price.


instructions for growing porcini mushrooms, champignons

Where to buy mushrooms for home cultivation

Many imagine that in order to grow a mushroom, you must first find it in the forest, dig it up, chop it, sow it in the garden. Now it's all much easier. In any garden store - whole showcases of packs of mushrooms with mycelium.

You just need to buy a pack, on the back of which you will find step-by-step instructions on how to properly breed and care for this particular type of mushroom.

Growing conditions

Some mushrooms, such as oyster mushrooms and champignons, can be grown at home in a cellar or pantry. But it is much easier to breed them in the garden.

Growing mushrooms is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. First of all, you need to decide which ones you want - milk mushrooms, mushrooms, boletus, mushrooms or champignons. If your site has a piece of forest - that would be ideal. However, you need to understand which forest is deciduous or coniferous. It depends on which mycelium can take root there and form a fruiting body. But even if there is no forest nearby, it does not matter, each site has a garden.

Stumps can be used for growing mushrooms. For example, there was a stump left from some tree, do not uproot - here you can breed a whole family of mushrooms. Buy mycelium - and go! There are even winter mushrooms with which the stump must be "infected" in the fall. Don't worry, they won't die. On the contrary, in the spring, as soon as the sun warms the shadow, they will begin to grow. You can also choose a summer variety - you can’t go wrong either.

Planting mushrooms

Planting mushrooms depends on the type of mycelium.

On stumps. Tree mushrooms such as oyster mushrooms, autumn mushrooms, shiitake, nameko and tremella ice mushrooms are sold in mycelium-infested sticks. They are grown on logs of certain tree species (indicated in the instructions) with a diameter of 10 - 20 cm and a length of about 1 m, in which holes must be made at a distance of 20 cm from each other and deeper than the length of the stick. The sticks are driven in to the stop, and the hole itself is sealed with wooden plugs, wax or clay - so that bacteria and mold spores do not get inside.

Shiitake. Photo: pixabay.com

The logs are removed to a dark, damp room, which should be well ventilated, and left to grow mycelium. After 2 - 4 months you will see a white "mold" - this is the mycelium. But until it appears, the logs need to be watered 2-3 times a week for 10-15 minutes.

After the mycelium has appeared, the logs are dug in the garden or in the greenhouse at an angle. And after about 1 - 2 weeks, the rudiments of fruiting bodies will appear on them.

There are other options for growing tree mushrooms. For example, oyster mushroom mycelium is on sale on a grain substrate (1), which is usually used for growing mushrooms in bags - they are filled with any plant material: leaves, sawdust, straw, buckwheat husks and even cardboard. And shiitake mushroom can be grown in pine sawdust (2).

In soil. Terrestrial mushrooms, for example, porcini, boletus, boletus, boletus, milk mushrooms are planted in the soil. And their mycelium is sold in the form of grains of cereals infected with mycelium. Each type of mushroom requires its own tree if they grow in symbiosis. What trees are needed - indicated in the instructions on the package.

To breed such mushrooms, 3 holes are made around the tree, 10-15 cm in diameter and 20 cm deep. They are half covered with compost, pieces of mycelium are placed on it, and the top is also covered with compost and lightly tamped. The holes are covered with moss, dry leaves and branches, after which the plantings are watered - in 1 bucket of water for each hole. In order for such a mycelium to take root well, it is useful to water it from time to time with a solution of sugar - 2 teaspoons per 10 liters of water.

“Be prepared for the fact that if you follow all the instructions, you will not get a harvest in the first year,” warns gardening expert Tatyana Kudryashova. - This will happen either next year or two years later. Such a capricious mushroom! It is better to sow mushrooms in early spring, as soon as the snow has melted and the earth has warmed up. Until it gets hot, it's bad for survival. In the spring, there is a lot of moisture, it rains in sufficient quantities, and the sun is not so hot. It is also important that you need to water the mycelium not once a week, as many are used to, but as often as possible.

Mushroom growth also depends on temperature. The lower, the longer the formation of mycelium.

White mushrooms

White mushroom. Photo: pixabay.com

White mushrooms, or mushrooms, are more difficult to breed. The first step is to dig a groove deep and wide on the spade bayonet.

- Then dig a strip on the right and left, divide it into even squares and turn the turf over, - Tatyana Kudryashova shares her advice . - A humus bedding for a boletus is required, otherwise it will not survive. Pieces of mycelium are laid on it and sprinkled with humus, covered with removed turf and carefully spilled with water.

When the mycelium takes root and fruiting bodies of mushrooms appear, watering and care can be completely stopped.

In this way it is possible to breed porcini mushrooms, boletus, boletus, boletus in the area.

Mushrooms

Mushrooms require good compost or semi-decomposed straw horse manure (3).

These mushrooms are quite whimsical: they do not grow on the ground or in the open sun, they need shade, certain moisture and temperature conditions, so a place for them must be found somewhere in a shady corner of the garden.

Mushroom sprouts look like white mold, which gradually curls up into small knots - these are future mushrooms. Then a tiny stem and a hat the size of a pinhead appear, and then a mushroom.

How to increase the yield of mushrooms in the garden

The yield of mushrooms grown from purchased mycelium can be quite solid. For example, oil under one tree can be collected 6 - 17 pieces, boletus and boletus - 5 - 15 pieces, porcini mushrooms - 2 - 5 kg, shiitake - up to 4 kg per log, oyster mushrooms - 20 - 50% of the weight of the log.

Autumn mushroom. Photo: pixabay.com

But if you want to increase your mushroom harvest, bring land from the forest. You just need to find a place with the mycelium of interest to us, for example, white or oily, carefully remove the soil 15 cm thick and bring it to your site. And on the site, remove the sod of exactly the same size and put forest soil on this place. And already on it sow the purchased mycelium.

By the way, you don't have to buy mycelium. Bring an old or wormy mushroom from the forest, chop its hat, mix it with wood dust and scatter it under the trees. And after a while, mushrooms will appear in this place.

Popular questions and answers

We talked about growing mushrooms with agronomist-breeder Svetlana Mikhailova - she shared details about growing different types of mushrooms.

Under which trees can porcini mushrooms be grown?

Mycelium of 2 types of porcini mushrooms can be bought at garden centers. White mushroom oak will grow under oak, linden and beech or hornbeam in the southern regions. White fungus pine - under the pines. Moreover, the trees must be young - no older than 10 years.

Under which trees can oak be grown?

Oaks and birches are suitable for oaks, and beeches in the south. The optimal age of trees for breeding this fungus is 6 years.

Under which trees can chanterelles be grown?

Chanterelles grow best under pine trees, where they produce the highest yields.

Under which trees can truffles be grown?

White truffle, namely its mycelium, is most often sold in garden centers, grows well under young oaks and hazel. And in the southern regions - under the beeches.

On what tree species can oyster mushrooms be grown?

There are various types of oyster mushrooms on sale, and everyone has their own preferences:
- ordinary, Indian, pink - birch, poplar, willow, alder, aspen, oak, maple, chestnut, beech, hornbeam;
- lemon and Colombian - birch, willow, poplar, maple, mountain ash, fruit trees, beech.

On what tree species can mushrooms be grown?

Autumn and summer mushrooms can be successfully grown on logs of oak, birch, alder, poplar, ash, maple, beech, hornbeam and chestnut.

Sources

  1. Alekseenko E.N., Polishko T.M., Vinnikov A.I. Peculiarities of growing mycelium of Plearotus ostreatus fungi // Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 2010
    https://cyberleninka.

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