How to grow a pandanus tree


Growing Pandanus - Gardening Australia

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Growing Pandanus

Jerry Coleby-Williams

JERRY COLEBY-WILLIAMS: Pandanus are one of my favourite groups of plants. They have beautiful foliage, provide shade and shelter and there's even one you can eat. I'm going to show you the three different types of Pandanus that I have in my garden and how to grow them.

At the front, I've got this beauty -Pandanus cookiiand it comes from our coastal wet tropics. Like most trees, it starts life with a trunk firmly attached to the ground, but this withers and it's completely replaced by these stilt roots. Now Pandanus love the sun, so for example, if this seed were to germinate in a shady place, it could use these stilt roots to crawl its way through the dunes to a sunny position.

Pandanus are diecious - that means they're either male or female. This plant is 17 years old and last year, it flowered for the very first time. This was really exciting news because she fruited. Now look at these flowers. They're very transient. You'll only see this colour for a matter of days before they develop enormous pineapple-like green fruit that ripen to the most amazing rich orange colours.

Around the back, I've got what I call my 'Living Umbrella.' This isPandanus tectorius.It's native to Australia from Cape York down to Port Macquarie and also from Indonesia and across the Pacific Islands. The reason this plant is so popular is because you can accessorise with it. The leaves are an important source of fibre for making hats, mats and bags. Now I've trained this plant specifically to give shade. When I have visitors, this is a lovely spot to talk about what's happening in the vegetable garden. And to make it a good plant, I've removed the side branches so that it grows like a tree instead of a clump and I remove these bases as well so I can enjoy the shape of the trunk as it develops. This is a fantastic plant and it provides shade all year round.

And just over here, I've got another native. This isPandanus gemmiferand it comes from the lowlands of the Daintree. It's also known as the Pup Pandanus and Pups are little off-shoots that these plants produce in masses - all over the plant - and you can twist them off and root them as cuttings. Now you may not believe it, but these little plants and this large one are both 6 years old. If you grow a Pandanus in a pot, it remains effectively dwarfed and that's how I like to really grow them - as an indoor display plant - and you can enjoy them at this size for many years.

Now while these Pups are too small to propagate now, there is another way of propagating Pandanus from branches. All of these branches will eventually produce stilt roots just like these and when they do, that's your cue to saw them off and you can root them during spring and summer and that way you can produce almost mature plants instantly.

The only way that I can tell whether thesePandanus cookiiseeds are viable is to germinate them. Now I'm sowing them in individual pots and that's because each of these fruit, technically called 'keys', can contain up to 3 seed. I'm using a fresh propagating mix and I grow them pots as well as sowing them. Pandanus don't mind lots of water in summer, but in winter they can very readily rot. Now these plants may take anything up to 12 months to germinate, so it's important to have a bit of patience. And all I need to do is if they get absolutely desiccated, is to give them a splash of water in dry weather.

Put them in a sunny position. Pandanus don't have many pest problems, but they must be grown in a frost free environment. If you pot up your Pandanus every year, they'll grow quite quickly and soon you'll be able to plant them outside. But if you do, choose a sunny position, otherwise they may pack their bags and walk next door.

Series 22

| Episode 19

Pandanus have beautiful foliage, provide shade and shelter and there's even one you can eat. Jerry tells us about three different types of Pandanus that he has in his garden.

Pandanus cookii

It comes from the coastal wet tropics. Like most trees, it starts life with a trunk firmly attached to the ground, but this withers and is eventually completely replaced by stilt roots. Pandanus loves the sun, so if a seed was to germinate in a shady place it could use its stilt roots to crawl its way to a sunny position. Pandanus are diecious - meaning they're either male or female. The fruit contain lots of seeds, but the only way to tell whether they are viable is to try and germinate them. Sow seed in its own individual pot, because each seed, technically called 'keys', can contain up to 3 plants. Use fresh propagating mix and place them in a sunny position and keep the water up to them in summer, but in winter they can very readily rot with too much water. Plants may take anything up to 12 months to germinate, so it's important to have a bit of patience.

Pandanus tectorius

Native to Australia, from Cape York down to Port Macquarie, this one can also be found in Indonesia and across the Pacific Islands. This plant is popular because you can accessorise with it; the leaves are an important source of fibre for making hats, mats and bags. By removing the side branches it can be trained to grow like a tree instead of a clump. The end result is like an umbrella, creating a lovely shady relaxing spot in the garden.

Pandanus gemmifer

Originating from the lowlands of the Daintree, this is also known as the Pup Pandanus. The Pups are the little off-shoots these plants produce in masses - all over the plant - and you can twist them off and root them as cuttings. Slow growing, you can grow a Pandanus in a pot, and it remains effectively dwarfed. It can also be an attractive indoor plant. There is another way of propagating Pandanus, and that's from its branches. All of the branches will eventually produce stilt roots and when they do, that's the cue to saw them off and take cuttings of them during spring and summer, producing almost mature plants instantly.

Pandanus don't have many pest problems, but they must be grown in a frost free environment. If you pot up your Pandanus every year, they'll grow quite quickly and soon you'll be able to plant them outside. But if you do, choose a sunny position, otherwise they may pack their bags and walk next door.

NB: The edible pandanus is Pandanus amaryllifolius

  • Jerry Coleby-Williams, Presenter

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Full Episode

2011 | SERIES 22 | Episode 19

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Tips on Growing Pandanus Inside

Travelers to the tropics are no doubt familiar with the pandanus or screw pine. These plants are frequently seen growing just inland from the sea, in boggy or wet areas, or along streams or riverbanks.

The large trunks are whorled, with a spiral crown of leaves emerging from the top. The leaves are still and pointed, sometimes reaching several feet in length and frequently striped or variegated (depending on the species). Moreover, the leaves are all armed with wicked and painful spines, so casually grabbing a pandanus leaf is not something you’re likely to forget.

In their native habitat, pandanus are spreading, broad trees that can sometimes reach a height of 15 to 20 feet and a width of 20 feet or more (again, depending on the species). Given this description, they don’t seem like the most likely of indoor plants, and indeed they aren’t. However, once established, even small pandanus are relatively tough plants and will survive drought-like conditions. Moreover, they are a lovely symbol of the tropics.

How to Care for Pandanus

The trick to growing pandanus inside is to provide plenty of warmth and humidity and patience. They are not fast-growing, which helps explain why larger specimens are so prized throughout the tropics.

Light

Pandanus thrives in dappled sunlight to direct sunlight. In the summer, non-acclimated plants should not be exposed to direct sunlight to prevent scorching. In the winter, provide as much light as possible.

Water

Pandanus can be drought-tolerant, especially when they get a little bit older. However, plants with a regular supply of ​water are better off, with more attractive leaf coloration and vigor. In the winter, when the plant will likely go into dormancy, you can dramatically reduce the water.

Soil

A rich, peat-based potting soil with excellent drainage is beneficial. They grow well in somewhat sandy conditions.

Fertilizer

Feed with a weak liquid fertilizer throughout the growing season. Cut fertilizer back to once a month or so in the winter.

Temperature and Humidity

During the summer months, water regularly and mist frequently. In the winter, do not expose them to cold drafts or temperatures below about 55 F.

The Spruce / Anastasia Tretiak

The Spruce / Anastasia Tretiak

Propagation

In their native habitats, pandanus plants are natural clumpers. Over time, older plants will begin to send out suckers, or plantlets, from their base. If you want to encourage a large mass of plants, let them grow. If you want to propagate the plant, wait until the plantlet is about 6 inches long, then remove it by cutting as close to the main stem as possible. Treat with a rooting hormone for the best chances of success and provide with plenty of warmth.

Potting and Repotting

Repot in the early spring, when the growing season begins. Overall, because you don’t want your plant growing into a room-swallowing monster, you should repot only when strictly necessary, perhaps every two or three years. Be careful when repotting, as the plant's spines can cause a painful scratch.

Varieties

The overall pandanus genus contains about 600 species, which are distributed throughout the Old World tropics. In warmer climates, it is possible to find a decent selection of pandanus in garden centers, including a truly wonderful dwarf species that stays less than two feet tall. In colder climates, where pandanus is a true novelty, your selection is likely to be limited to P. veitcheii or P. sanderi. The main difference between these two is their leaf coloration: P. sanderi has yellow leaf striations while P. veitcheii has white striations.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

They are not especially vulnerable to pests but keep a lookout for mealybugs, aphids, and mites. Signs of infestation include tiny webs on plants, clumps of white "powdery" residue, or visible insects on the plant. Treat infestations as soon as possible to prevent them from spreading to the rest of your collection.

90,000 care, transplanting and reproduction of the home plant Pandanus, the main species and their photos

Content

  • Types of indoor pandanuses and photographs of flower
    • Pandanus Vaicha
    • Pandanus Useful
    • Pandanus Sandan 9000
    9000
  • Caring for indoor flower Pandanus at home conditions
    • Lighting and air temperature
    • Air humidity and watering
    • Soil requirements and fertilizer for pandanus plant
  • Transplantation and reproduction of the indoor plant Pandanus
    • Planting with cuttings
    • Pandanus cultivation from seeds
    • PROBLEMENTS
  • PANICAL PANICALLY AND CAREMENCE OF PLAMS DO this period

PADANAS - This is a derivatives of genus. Pandanaceae, the islands of the Indian Ocean are considered its homeland. These are evergreen trees or shrubs similar to palm trees, with narrow and long leaves growing in a spiral, hence its second name - screw palm. In nature, pandanus blooms and bears fruit. Indoor pandanus species do not bloom and do not bear fruit. This plant does not require special care, so even a beginner can handle it.

Indoor pandanus species and flower photography

There are about 700 pandanus species in nature. Many varieties bear edible fruits that taste similar to pineapple. Pandanus is a rather large plant, therefore it is most suitable for winter gardens and spacious rooms. However, young plants are quite suitable for growing at home. Of all the variety, three types of pandanus are grown indoors: Pandanus Useful, Pandanus Sander and Pandanus Veycha.

Veicha Pandanus

This plant grows like a shrub. The trunk is short, but some individuals can reach one and a half meters in height. The leaves are very developed, spirally twisted along the trunk, up to 90 cm long and about 6 cm wide. The leaves retain their bright green color even in winter, while they have white longitudinal stripes and thorns along the edges. It is considered to be native to Southeast Asia.

Useful Pandanus

Under natural conditions, these trees grow up to 20 m in height, at home the maximum size is 3 m. they are dark green. The leaves of Pandanus Useful are rigid, directed straight, with red spikes along the edges.

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Pandanus Sandera

This is a tree-like plant, much smaller than its congeners. Its leaves are dark green, with yellow narrow longitudinal stripes, reach 8 cm in length and up to 5 cm in width, have short spikes along the edges. In its natural environment, it grows in the tropical rainforests of the Malay Archipelago.

Caring for indoor pandanus flower at home

Pandanus this plant loves warm rooms, at least the air temperature should be at least 20 degrees

Pandanus is not quite suitable for small houses or apartments, as it occupies a fairly large area when it grows, spreading its leaves. In essence, it is wild-growing, and it develops best in natural conditions. However, if the room allows you, then with good care, the pandanus will feel great at home.

Lighting and air temperature

Pandanus prefer warm rooms, at least 20 degrees in summer and at least 16 degrees in winter. Like many plants, pandanus does not like drafts, but in winter a little ventilation is necessary.

He needs bright and diffused light, but daytime sunlight can be harmful to him. The best option for placement would be the windows of the eastern and western parts, on the northern windows it will not have enough light. In autumn and winter, when there is not enough natural light, artificial lighting can be provided to the pandanus. To do this, you need to install a source of artificial light at a distance of about a meter and leave it for 6-8 hours a day. It is not recommended to take the pandanus outside. Plants standing on the windowsill are recommended to be rotated periodically for uniform development.

Humidity and watering

Moderate watering for pandanus

Pandanus should be watered moderately, about every other day in spring and summer. Starting in autumn, watering is reduced to 2 times a week. The soil should dry out for the next watering. You can water it abundantly, but after half an hour you need to remove all the excess, stagnant water is harmful to the pandanus. Do not water with cold water; settled soft water at room temperature is best for irrigation.

Pandanus should be sprayed once every two weeks, it tolerates dry air. You also need to periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth from dust. Do not allow water to accumulate in the axils of the leaves, this leads to decay. To avoid drying out of aerial roots, they should be covered with moistened moss.

Soil Requirements and Fertilizer for Pandanus

Pandanus requires nutrient, slightly clayey soil. Ready-made mixtures intended for palm trees are suitable for it. You can make a substrate yourself from soddy soil, leafy soil, humus and sand in equal proportions.

For feeding pandanus in spring and summer, liquid fertilizers for deciduous ornamental plants are used. The frequency of feeding is once every two weeks. In autumn and winter, feeding is reduced to 1 time per month.

Transplantation and propagation of houseplant pandanus

If you have a young pandanus plant, then you need to transplant it once a year, adults - once every 2-3 years

Young plants are transplanted once a year, mature plants about once every 2-3 of the year. The signal for transplantation is the earth in a pot completely braided with roots. Pandanus roots are airy and brittle, so care should be taken not to damage them when transplanting . To do this, the plant, as it were, is transferred from pot to pot, without freeing the roots from the ground.

A new pot should be 1/3 deeper and must have drainage at the bottom. No need to deepen the pandanus in a new pot, plant at the same level as it was before. In order not to damage the hands, it is recommended to collect prickly leaves in a bunch before transplanting.

If you want to slow down the growth of the pandanus a little, repot it less often. Young plants should not be planted immediately in a large tub, the root system will rot without mastering the soil . Potted plants do not need to be transplanted, it is only necessary to add a little soil annually.

Pandanuses are propagated by cuttings, seeds and division of the bush.

Propagation by cuttings

When propagating, cuttings are cut from lateral shoots not less than 20 cm long, since short ones do not form roots well. In this case, the places of cuts must be dried or sprinkled with charcoal. It is necessary to first prepare a mixture of equal parts of peat soil and sand, where the cuttings are planted. It is necessary to cover the seedlings with a film and periodically ventilate, while the temperature should be high, about 25-28 degrees. The cuttings take root in about 1.5-2 months, and when using rooting stimulants, the process will go faster.

Growing pandanus from seeds

Pandanus is propagated not only by seeds, rosettes, but also cuttings

Seeds without pre-treatment are sown in a mixture of peat and sand, or leaf earth and sand, taken in a ratio of 1:1. It is necessary to cover the pots with plastic wrap and maintain the temperature at about 25 degrees. Do not forget to regularly ventilate and water the seeds. Sprouts will begin to appear in small groups in two weeks. When a sprout has two or three leaves, it must be planted in a separate pot. When using a mini-greenhouse with bottom heating, seedlings will appear much earlier.

Propagation by daughter rosettes

When the rosettes are already rooted and have reached a length of about 20 cm, they can be cut off from the mother bush for propagation. To stimulate the growth of roots, you can overlay the base of the daughter outlets with sphagnum, which must be regularly moistened in a small amount.

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Spring is the most favorable time for pandanus breeding. Rosettes pre-dried for one day are planted in containers. The soil should be as follows: 1.5-2 cm of drainage in the form of shards and coarse sand, 6-7 cm of turf, 3-4 cm of washed sand. Rosettes are planted to a depth of about 2 cm, compacted tightly, sprayed abundantly. It is necessary to cover them with a film and maintain a temperature of about 25 degrees. Professionals advise using bottom heating. Rooting of rosettes will occur in 1-1.5 months; phytoharmones can be used to speed this up. After 2 months, it is necessary to transplant the cuttings into a pot.

Diseases and pests of pandanus and plant care during this period

Of the possible pests of pandanus, mealybugs, scale insects and spider mites can affect. A mealybug can appear from waterlogging the soil, and a tick from too dry air and insufficient moisture. It is easy to get rid of them with the help of special chemicals.

Possible problems:

  • dry brown leaf tips . Such a problem may occur due to too dry air. If the pandanus stands on the window next to the battery, then it must be regularly sprayed and moistened. Also, one of the possible reasons is the lack of fertilizer;
  • leaves lose color, new ones grow small . This is due to lack of light;
  • leaves become light, almost white. This is due to an overabundance of light.

In general, pandanus is a very unpretentious plant that even a novice grower can handle.

Watch an interesting video from Artyom Panarin, he will tell us how to care for pandanus at home and give some useful tips for beginner flower growers, we wish you a pleasant viewing.

care, planting and cultivation secrets

Author: Yuki | Comments: 0

If you want to decorate your home with an evergreen plant with tropical roots, get an ornamental palm tree. Pandanus, which is easy to care for, is the best choice for decorating your home interior.

Contents:

  • How to transplant pandanus, care after planting
  • Growing conditions and basic care
  • Watering and humidity

How to repot a pandanus, care after planting

After purchasing a flower, do not immediately repot it. It is necessary to give him time to get used to the new conditions. The first pandanus transplant can be carried out 7-10 days after purchase, or after the seedling reaches a height of 15 cm. A young palm tree is transplanted every year for 3-5 years. Further, the frequency is reduced.

Transplantation is carried out once every 2-3 years. The main signal for transplantation is an earthen clod, completely braided with roots. Not only the state of the palm tree, but also its development depends on the transplant. In order not to greatly injure the flower, you should follow the basic rules of transplantation.

Transplantation period - early spring, in March and early April. The choice of a flowerpot. With each transplant, the size of the pot increases gradually. Planting a young plant immediately in a large tub is unacceptable. In this case, the plant will not produce green growth, and the root may die.

Transplant preparation. To protect the hands from prickly thorns and the leaves from damage, just before planting, the aerial part is carefully tied into a bundle. Soil mix. For pandanus, you can use ready-made palm soil or cook it yourself. For this, leaf and sod land, peat and sand are mixed in equal parts.

Planting depth. When transplanting, do not deepen the root system too much. The upper roots may be slightly visible in the upper layer of the earth. So the palm tree grows in natural conditions. transplant method. Pandanus is transplanted by transshipment.

The root is not cleaned, but together with the earth clod is transferred to a new container. Then carefully cover with a new soil mixture.

Important! Pandanus roots are very fragile and brittle. Therefore, when transplanting, you can not get a palm tree out of the flowerpot, holding it by the leaves. You can cut off the aerial part or severely damage the root system. Care after planting is to control soil moisture. Overdrying or waterlogging of the earth coma should not be allowed.

To make the plant take root faster, you can add root stimulants to the water during irrigation. Within 6-8 years, a palm tree can grow up to 3 meters in height and it will not have enough space in the apartment. You can adjust the height of the palm tree by the frequency of transplants. A rare transplant of an adult plant inhibits its growth.

Growing Conditions and Basic Care

In order for pandanus to develop quickly and have an attractive appearance, it must be grown in suitable conditions.

Lighting

Pandanus is a light-loving plant. Well-lit places with diffused sunlight are suitable for its cultivation.

Do not expose the flowerpot to the open sun. Windows located on the west or east side are considered the ideal place. The flower does not tolerate lack of light. Light day for him should last at least 8 hours. Artificial lighting is recommended during the winter season. To do this, at a distance of one meter, turn on a fluorescent lamp and leave for 6 hours.

Temperature control. Pandanus is a tropical plant, so it tolerates heat well. The optimal mode of maintenance is 19-25 degrees. In summer, the flowerpot can be taken out into the open air and installed in a place protected from sunlight. In the winter season, the minimum temperature is 16 degrees.

Irrigation and humidity

Only settled warm water is used for irrigation. Cold water from the tap can lead to the death of the flower. Watering regime depends on the season. In the warm season, the palm tree is watered every other day, in winter - every 3 days. Waterlogging and stagnation of water on the surface should not be allowed. The palm tree does not need additional air humidification. It is enough to spray it 1-2 times a month. After spraying, there should be no water in the axils of the leaves. This leads to rotting of the stem.

Pandanus does not require special conditions, so the palm tree is often grown not only in residential areas. With its help, the interiors of hotels, restaurants and offices are decorated. Growing a bright green palm tree at home will not be difficult if you follow the basic rules for caring for a pandanus. These are standard measures such as:

  • Regular top dressing
  • Mulching
  • Pest control

The first top dressing after transplantation is carried out after 30-45 days. Fertilizers are applied every 14 days from the beginning of spring - March to the end of summer. To do this, use ready-made nutrient mixtures for indoor decorative deciduous plants.


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