How to grow a pomegranate tree from seed
Growing Pomegranate From Seeds - How To Plant A Pomegranate Seed
Questions about how to plant a pomegranate seed show up quite frequently lately. The apple-sized fruit is now a regular addition to the fresh fruit department at the grocery, where once it was only seen during the winter holidays. Along with the rise in popularity in recent years, seeing the abundance of seeds that lie beneath that ruby skin is enough to make any gardener wonder about growing pomegranate from seeds.
History of Planting Pomegranate Trees
The pomegranate is an ancient fruit native to Persia, in what is now modern day Iran. Once the plants were discovered by travelers, people were quickly planting pomegranate trees throughout the regions of Asia, Africa, and Europe surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Over the millennia, the luscious fruit has worked its way into the mythology of the Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks; been praised in both the Bible and Talmud; and featured in major works of art. One can almost hear the traders along the ancient Silk Road trade route asking questions about how to grow a pomegranate tree and how to market this remarkable fruit.
Over the ensuing years, the pomegranate became the fruit of royalty. This rich history, steeped in myth and romance, can probably be attributed to the fruit’s uniqueness; for it is truly unique. The pomegranate, Punica granatum, belongs to a family of plants that has only one genus and two species – the other only found on the island of Socotra, an island in the Indian Ocean.
Although the Romans declared it an apple, when we talk about growing pomegranate from seeds, we need to recognize that this fruit is actually a berry. Inside the hard rind are sections called locules. These locules are separated by a thin white, bitter-tasting membrane. Inside the locules are the arils, jewel-like pearls of sweetness, each carrying both juice and seed.
How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree from Seeds
There isn’t much to say about how to plant a pomegranate seed since these seeds sprout readily without too much help. The seeds should be cleaned of the fleshy aril surrounding them and should be planted in loose soil with a covering layer about a 1/2 inch (1.5 cm).
Heat should be second on your pomegranate seed care list. These seeds will germinate at normal room temperature in about 30-40 days. Bring the soil temperature up a few degrees and you can cut this time in half. Try surrounding your plant with foil and placing it in direct sun until the seedlings sprout.
There is another method that should be mentioned when describing how to plant a pomegranate seed. It’s called the baggie method. Some gardeners swear by this method for growing pomegranate from seeds. Wet a coffee filter and wring out the excess water. Sprinkle the cleaned seed on one quarter of the filter. Carefully fold the filter into quarters and slide it into a sealable plastic bag. Store in a warm place and check the bag every few days for germination. Once the pomegranate seeds sprout, transfer them to a pot.
Use any small container that has good drainage and plant two to three seeds per pot. You can pinch off the weaker seedlings after they are a few weeks old or transplant them to their own pot. That’s it!
Caring for Pomegranate Tree Saplings
But, if you want to know how to grow a pomegranate tree that is healthy and strong, the trick is in pomegranate care.
In their natural habitats, the calcareous or chalky, alkaline soil is perfect for planting pomegranate trees, so for you, pomegranate care should begin with the planting medium. The soil or planting media should be slightly alkaline with a pH up to 7.5. Since most planting mediums are developed to fall in the neutral range, the addition of a very small amount of limestone or garden lime to the mix should be sufficient.
Now that you know how to grow a pomegranate tree from seed, you should be aware that your seeds may not grow true to the cultivar it came from. Still, your new pomegranate tree will produce fruit in one to three years and nothing tastes better than something you have grown yourself.
How to Grow Pomegranates from Seed
Most fruit trees are not propagated from seed, and there are a couple of reasons for that.
The majority of fruit trees are reproduced through methods such as grafting or air layering, which produces plants that are clones of the parent.
This means the fruits you’ll eventually harvest from them will be exactly like those from the parent plant.
Starting with seed, on the other hand, means it’s likely that the fruit or growth habit of the tree will be unlike that of the parent plant.
This is because each seed holds genetic information derived from pollination.
Any time the flowers are cross-pollinated by pollen from any variety, the seeds are essentially guaranteed to produce fruit with characteristics that differ from those of the parent plant.
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A tree grown from seed typically produces fruit that differs from what you might expect. It may be inedible, or plants may produce fruit or exhibit growth habits that are inferior to those of the parent plant.
Even with the potential for a wide range of variation in results, it can sometimes still be worth it to experiment with seed-grown trees, as many of the more than 500 named cultivars of pomegranate are derived from variations produced by this method originally.
If you’re interested in experimenting with seeds to reveal the mysteries they contain, it can be fun and may provide unique results that you’re pleased with.
It’s also important to note that trees grown this way will take longer to produce fruit than those propagated via the other methods described here. It can take an average of two to five years for a tree to set edible fruit for the first time.
If you’re committed to trying this method, there are a few ways to begin.
What You’ll Learn
- Sourcing Seeds
- Starting Indoors
- Direct Sowing Outdoors
Pomegranate seeds are available from a few different sources.
The first and most obvious option is to collect them from ripe fruits that you’ve harvested if you’ve already got a tree, or access and permission to pick fruit from someone’s else’s.
Each fruit can contain hundreds of seeds, but you’ll need only a few.
If you’re unsure of how to tell that fruits are ripe, take a look at our guide to harvesting pomegranates to help you understand what to look for.
Remove all of the flesh from a few seeds of a mature pomegranate. You can do this by wrapping an aril in a napkin or paper towel and pressing it until the flesh has been stripped away, or simply pop it into your mouth and clean the flesh off – no waste!
After removing the surrounding flesh, you’ll see that the seeds themselves are small, white, and angular, with one pointed end where the root will emerge.Photo by Kelly Spicer.
There’s no need to let the bare seeds dry out completely. If they do, they should not remain dry for too long or they may lose viability. It’s helpful to expose them to air for a few hours to reduce the possibility of mold developing after planting.
You could also purchase a pomegranate from the produce section in the grocery store. Be sure that the fruit you choose looks healthy and well formed.
Since pomegranates may be out of season in your area and aren’t always readily available from the grocery store, you might consider purchasing seeds from an online retailer.
Bear in mind that you’ll need to purchase fresh seed, as those that are dried or freeze-dried may not be viable.
But note that purchasing seeds online can be a gamble, because it’s difficult to tell if they were harvested from fully-ripened fruits, and if they’ve been previously frozen, they may fail to germinate.
If you live in an area where winter temperatures are much lower than they are throughout the rest of the year, it’s best to start seeds indoors during that time, as the seedlings will be ready to move outside when the spring season begins.
You can plant them in a pot or direct-sow outdoors, which we’ll cover in the next section.
Either will work equally well, but you should only plant outdoors in the ground if you live in a region where the tree will thrive year-round, such as in USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 11.
If you’re in an area where winter lows can fall below about 20°F, you’ll likely want to plant your tree in a container so you can move it indoors for overwintering.
It’s important to note, however, that pomegranates develop a taproot that doesn’t transplant well, so you’ll need to snip it early on to encourage the root system to branch instead.
We cover this in more detail in our guide to growing pomegranates in containers. (coming soon!)
To plant seeds in pots, simply fill four- to six- inch pots with a mix of two parts soil to one part coarse silica sand. Adding sand will improve drainage, which is very important for this plant, as soggy soil can lead to root rot.
Press one seed per pot about one-quarter inch deep into the soil and cover it over. If you’ve got biodegradable pots that you can use, those are the best choice since you won’t need to disturb the taproots when planting the trees in their permanent home.
Water them just enough to moisten the soil. Keep the soil consistently moist but not wet until seedlings sprout.
Place the pots in a clear container with a lid, or wrap individual pots in clear plastic bags, unless you have access to a greenhouse.
The seeds need warm temperatures in the 75 to 85°F range to germinate, so if you haven’t got a suitable location, you can always use a heat mat to keep the temperature consistently warm.
Remove the container or wrapping when the seeds sprout, and turn off the heat mat if you’re using one.
Be sure to provide at least six to eight hours of sunlight for your seedlings.
When they reach about three to four inches in height, you can transplant them to a permanent location, as the taproots will be nearly the same length as the seedlings at that point.
Since your seedlings have not been exposed to outdoor conditions, you will need to move them outside gradually to harden them off.
At first, only leave them out for a few hours per day in indirect sunlight. Gradually increase the length of time and amount of exposure to direct sunlight they receive each day until they’re able to spend their time permanently outdoors.
Be sure to provide protection from any harsh conditions such as heavy wind or rain, as pomegranate seedlings are wispy and not able to withstand much damage.
Direct Sowing Outdoors
You can also direct sow pomegranate seeds at their permanent growing site.
Choose a location that receives at least eight hours of direct sunlight per day, with good drainage and protection from seasonal low temperatures below about 40°F.
Wait to plant the seeds until outdoor temperatures are consistently in the mid- to upper 70s.
Most varieties grow to be about 15 to 20 feet tall at maturity, so you need to allow adequate overhead growing room. It can be difficult to predict how large a seed-grown tree might grow to be.
These plants can also develop a wide canopy if they’re not pruned for size, particularly if they’re growing in their natural shrub form, so be prepared for a spread of about 12 to 20 feet. Since they can spread so widely, plan to leave about fifteen feet between trees, other plants, and nearby structures.
Just as with sowing indoors, you’ll need to remove the outer flesh surrounding the seeds and allow a few hours for them to dry a bit prior to planting. While the seed is drying, you can prepare the planting site.
Luster Leaf Soil Test Kit
Slightly acidic soil is preferred for this plant, so you can test to determine if amendments are necessary with a test kit, such as this one that’s available from Amazon.
We’ll cover fertilizing and amending soil for ideal conditions more in our guide to fertilizing pomegranate plants.
Prepare the planting area by ensuring that the soil is loose and rich. You can rake or turn it with a cultivator or shovel, and add compost at the same time, to give plant roots some easy ground to branch out in.
It’s also a good idea to make sure the area is well weeded, and any surrounding grass is trimmed down.
When the soil is ready, press the seeds about one-quarter inch deep and cover them over. Water the site until it’s just moist, but not wet, and monitor the moisture level to make sure that it doesn’t dry out completely after sowing.
You may want to consider placing a cloche, or protective dome, over the planting site to retain warmth until the seedlings have emerged, unless you live in an area where daytime temperatures remain consistently above 70°F.
Young pomegranate trees are delicate plants that can easily be battered by wind and rain. These can benefit from the coverage provided by a plastic dome.
Garden Cloche Plant Dome
Plastic dome covers such as these, available from Amazon, work well for protecting young seedlings.
If you live in a region where temperatures are in the 70°F or above range, you may still want to protect your plants by using a wire cloche instead, as young saplings can be targets for wildlife.
Chicken Wire Cloche
Wire cloches are available from Gardener’s Supply Company.
Once the seedlings emerge, continue to keep the soil slightly moist throughout the first year as the roots are becoming established.
If You Enjoy Surprises, Starting With Seed Is the Best Way to Grow
You could go with the reliable option of starting with cuttings, or try air layering to produce a cloned plant, but where’s the fun in that?
If you’re adventurous and you have some time available to wait for the results, starting pomegranates from seed can be a rewarding project.
It’s also pretty exciting to imagine that you might end up with a new variety of pomegranate that people love – perhaps it’ll be named after you!
Are you planning to start some seeds? We want to know, and to see pictures of your results, so don’t forget to post them in the comments section below!
And if you’ve still got some research to do before you feel sure about planting a pomegranate tree, we have the answers to your questions in these articles:
- How to Grow and Care for Pomegranates
- What Causes Pomegranate Fruits to Crack or Split?
- How to Identify and Control Pomegranate Pests and Diseases
- How to grow a grenade from a bone of
- Planting bones
- Soil and capacity
- Sowing seeds and conditions of germination
- Care for abundant flowering how to achieve abundant flowering how to achieve abundant flowering. and pomegranate fruiting
- Lots of light
- Formative pruning
- Dormant period
- Planting and transplanting
- Indoor care for pomegranate
- Watering and fertilizing
- Site selection
- Diseases and pests
Pomegranate is a very thermophilic plant. It will not be possible to grow it in open ground on the territory of Russia far from everywhere. However, exotic lovers can grow this tree right on their windowsill! How to grow a pomegranate from a seed, read our article.
How to grow a pomegranate from seed
Growing a pomegranate at home from a stone is a simple and pleasant task. Sprouts appear within three weeks after planting, and even a child can master their care.
The easiest way is to buy a ripe pomegranate in the store and get the seeds from the fruit. Try to choose the largest and juiciest fruit. Let us consider in detail how the landing of a pomegranate should take place at home.
Soil and container
Pomegranate soil should be light and rich in nutrients. Store-bought mix is perfect. Pots for seedlings in height should be at least 10 cm, drainage holes are required. Expanded clay or polystyrene is placed at the bottom of the pot, completely covering the bottom.
Sowing seeds and germination conditions
Planting a pomegranate from a stone at home is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Dried seeds are planted in the ground to a depth of one and a half centimeters.
- Lightly water the soil.
- Cover the container with foil and place it in the sunniest place in the house.
Depending on the season, seeds germinate from two weeks to several months (for example, when seeds are planted in late autumn).
Care of seedlings
Small pomegranate sprouts need to be provided with a temperature of +20…+25 degrees and daylight hours of at least ten full hours. It is best to additionally illuminate the plants with a phytolamp, then they will develop faster.
Monitor the humidity in the room where the plants are, use humidifiers. Do not forget to spray the seedlings at least once every two days. Young shoots are watered sparingly, as the soil dries up
Future trees are planted when two or three pairs of leaves appear on them. At the same time, all weak and small plants are removed. A month after picking, the tops of the pomegranates are shortened by ⅓ of the length. As a result of this event, the roots grow better and more actively capture the space of the pot.
How to achieve abundant flowering and fruiting of pomegranate
How to grow pomegranate at home so that it starts to bear fruit as soon as possible? Follow the tree care instructions below. A properly grown plant will bloom within 10–12 months after planting, and I will delight you with the first fruits in three years. To speed up fruiting, cut off the first flowers of the tree, because it gives all its strength to their formation, stopping in growth for this period.
A lot of light
The abundance of light is of great importance both for growth and for flowering and fruiting of the plant. The more sunlight a tree receives, the faster it grows. In summer, during the hot period, pomegranate leaves are very vulnerable to mercilessly scorching rays. Therefore, from noon, it is recommended to lightly shade the plant or move it to a less lit corner of the room for several hours. Do not grow a pomegranate in the twilight, it will be weak and painful.
For your little pet to flower, he needs to grow strong shoots. Future flowers and fruits are formed on them. To help the pomegranate grow branches faster, formative pruning is done. Without it, the cultivation of pomegranate from the seed to obtain fruits will be delayed for a long time.
Pruning is done throughout the life of the plant. Conventionally, the following periods are distinguished:
- Pruning-pinching the tops of seedlings at a height of 15–20 centimeters.
- Pruning a one-year-old plant to form supporting branches. Usually, 4-5 main shoots are left with it, growing in different directions.
- When pruning mature trees, old branches and growing branches at the bottom of the plant are removed, as they will not be able to receive enough light, but will only take away the strength of the plant.
Some gardeners form a pomegranate tree into a bonsai style. To do this, weave three sprouts into a braid and secure them with a thin elastic band. As a result, a beautiful tree with a twisted trunk is formed.
How to grow a pomegranate at home from a seed so that it bears fruit? An exotic plant does not need to be grafted: male and female flowers are formed on it at the same time. Some - with a short pestle, others (fruitful) - with a long one. Pollination is easy to do with a cotton swab.
Some varieties specially bred for indoor cultivation are capable of self-pollination. But experienced gardeners who know exactly how to grow pomegranates at home recommend pollinating the flowers artificially anyway.
When autumn comes, pomegranates shed their leaves. Do not be surprised or worried about this. This only means that the plant has a dormant period. Place the pet in a well-lit, cool place and reduce the amount of watering to 1 time per two weeks (provided that the topsoil is completely dry). Feeding should not be carried out before spring, as they will activate growth, which at this stage will not benefit the tree.
Planting and transplanting
Pomegranates are transplanted once a year. The capacity for transplantation is chosen close, in which the plants feel most comfortable. Upon reaching the age of five, grenades cease to be transplanted, from time to time replacing the top layer of the earth with a new substrate.
Indoor care of pomegranate
Growing a healthy and strong pomegranate from the seed at home requires proper care. Below you will find recommendations from experienced gardeners.
Watering and fertilizing
Plants are watered with warm settled water, more often in summer, less often in winter. Additionally, the leaves are sprayed every two days, as the pomegranate loves moisture very much.
Regular pomegranate feeding is important if you are seriously puzzled by the question of how to grow pomegranates from seeds and not be disappointed with the result? Pomegranate is fertilized from spring to late autumn once every one and a half to two weeks. For top dressing choose complex fertilizers for indoor plants and flowers.
Spray the leaves of plants with settled, soft warm water. It is better to carry out water procedures in the morning or in the evening. Spraying at noon can scorch tender pomegranate leaves.
Choosing a location
To grow a pomegranate from a stone at home quickly and without hassle, choose a place for your pet responsibly. The ideal location is the sunny south side of the house. If the seeds were planted in the ground in the fall, be sure to illuminate them with fitolamps.
Diseases and pests
Many people want to know how to grow a pomegranate from a seed and protect it from diseases and pests. Unfortunately, none of the solutions can guarantee its protection one hundred percent. However, it is easy to solve the problem in the early stages.
- To protect against insects, spray the tree with chemical preparations three times with breaks of 5 days.
- If signs of disease appear - cracking of the bark, drying out of branches, formation of wounds, all affected diseased parts should be immediately removed and the cut sites should be treated with vitriol and garden pitch. In advanced cases, it is recommended to cut down the tree at the root, so you can try to save it and grow it again.
How to grow a pomegranate from seed at home, planting and care, growing instructions, how to plant, etc.
The word "pomegranate" in Latin means "grainy". Pomegranate fruits were called "grainy apples" in ancient times, and later - "seed apples". Pomegranate grows mainly in subtropical climates, preferring heat, humidity and plenty of sun. In nature, the tree can reach a height of 6 meters. At home, a pomegranate is a small decorative bush up to 1 meter high with fruits up to 6 centimeters in diameter.
1 Which pomegranate can be grown at home
2 Collection and preparation of seeds for planting
3 Fitting instructions
3.0.1 Video: preparation and sowing of pomegranate seeds
4 Seedling Care
4.1 Video: sowing seeds and forming a pomegranate
5 Transplanting the seedling into a larger pot
5.1 Video: how to replant indoor pomegranate
6 How to Graft a Pomegranate
Which pomegranate can be grown at home
Pomegranate is an exotic plant, and many do not know that it can also be grown at home from a seed, like lemon and other citrus fruits. This is quite easy to do, as the pomegranate does not need special soil and care. The plant is hardy and grows well. The best place to place it at home is a sunny window or heated balcony.
You may not get good tasting berries from purchased fruits, since almost all commercially available pomegranates are hybrids. But it is worth growing such an exotic, if only for the sake of magnificent flowering, when the whole tree is literally dressed in purple inflorescences or individual flowers. The pomegranate tree blooms all summer.
The pomegranate tree can bloom all summer
The most commonly grown dwarf pomegranate at home, the flowering of which begins in the first year after sowing . It is recommended to pick off the first flowers so that the plant gets stronger. Fruit will set next year. But a dwarf stone pomegranate may not bloom for several years. In this case, it should be vaccinated.
Pomegranate tree is resistant to dry air and compact, its height does not exceed 1 meter. Such a pomegranate is often grown as an ornamental plant. It blooms for a long time and beautifully, makes it possible to practice creating bonsai.
Dwarf pomegranate can be used as a decorative bonsai
The following varieties are grown in room culture:
Collection and preparation of seeds for planting
Favorable time for sowing pomegranate seeds, according to the observations of gardeners, are November and February. Seeds sown during these periods can sprout in a week; at other times, seedlings can be expected for more than one month.
It is better to plant closer to spring, the seedlings are stronger, and there is no need to suffer with additional lighting all winter.
Seeds for sowing are taken from a large mature fruit without signs of rot and damage. Ripe seeds are hard and smooth, the stones are white or cream in color. If the color is green and the seeds are soft to the touch, then they are not suitable for planting.
Choose hard and smooth seeds for planting
When buying ready-made seeds, be sure to check the expiration date, seed weight, company logo, variety. All this should be indicated on the packaging. It is better to make a purchase in a specialized store, and not in the market from strangers.
Seed preparation for planting:
- Seeds are de-pulped and washed well with water. To properly clean the pulp to prevent rot later, the bones are rubbed with a paper towel.
Seeds should be washed with water and carefully cleaned of pulp
- Then they are soaked in a small amount of water on a saucer with the addition of two or three drops of Epin or Zircon to stimulate germination. Seeds should be half covered with water and remain so for 12 hours. Water should be added as it evaporates, preventing the seeds from drying out.
Water is added as it evaporates
- The container is placed in a cool place without drafts.
To sow pomegranate seeds at home, follow these steps:
- Prepare the soil. It can be anything, the main condition is looseness, moisture and breathability, preferably slightly acidic or neutral (pH from 6.0 to 7.0). But this does not mean that the pomegranate will not be able to take root on other soils; under natural conditions, it grows on both clay and sand. Of the ready-made soils, the best choice is for roses or begonias. Recommended mixture in equal parts:
- Prepare the sowing container. It can be a plastic container, a wooden flower box or a flower pot. The dishes for sowing are chosen shallow, as the root system of the pomegranate grows in breadth. The container size depends on the number of seeds to be sown, taking into account a certain distance between them (about 2 cm).
- Lay a layer of drainage on the bottom. As a drain, you can use:
- Fill the container with soil and pour clear water over the top.
- Spread the stones evenly over the surface and bury them carefully into the ground by 1–1.5 cm. The soil on top should be loose, it is not necessary to compact it.
The soil must be loose
- Close the container with a lid or film to create a greenhouse effect, put in a warm, bright place.
Video: preparation and sowing of pomegranate seeds
The first shoots appear after about 1-2 weeks. As they grow, the film must be periodically opened, gradually increasing the opening time, and when the leaves appear, remove completely. Seedlings need to be moistened regularly, preventing the soil from drying out.
After the appearance of leaves, the film is removed
In winter, when the day is short, use fluorescent lamps for additional lighting, increasing daylight hours to 12 hours.
Video: sowing seeds and forming a pomegranate
Transplanting a seedling into a larger pot
Seedlings should be planted in separate pots after the appearance of two or three true leaves. Choose the strongest and healthiest plants. The pot for the first planting should not be large, a diameter of 7-10 cm is enough.
Pomegranate plants do not tolerate transplantation very well, usually they are transferred together with a clod of earth.
Seedlings are transplanted in the following order:
- Prepare a pot 2-3 cm larger than the previous one.
- Drainage is placed on the bottom of the pot with a layer of 1–2 cm, then soil up to half.
- Seedlings are carefully removed with a spoon or spatula along with the earth near the roots.
Pomegranate seedlings are taken out together with a clod of earth
- Place the plant on the ground in the center of the new pot and fill the free space on the sides with soil at the level of the earthen coma. It is not necessary to deepen - they will not bloom.
Each seedling is planted in the center of a separate pot
- Watered with warm water and placed in a sunny place.
In the first three years, the plants are transplanted every year, gradually increasing the size of the pot. Transplantation is carried out in the spring when the kidneys swell. Trees older than three years are transplanted every three years or as needed. A 5 liter pot is sufficient for an adult houseplant. Too big a pot can lead to the cessation of flowering.
Please note that the pomegranate grows and blooms better in a slightly cramped pot.
Video: how to transplant indoor pomegranate
How to graft a pomegranate
Pomegranate grown from seed rarely retains its maternal properties. And if this is a stone of an ordinary pomegranate bought in a store or on the market, then it will begin to bloom and bear fruit only after 7–8 years.
To obtain a varietal plant, a varietal cutting is grafted onto it. Vaccination is done in the spring, during the awakening of the kidneys. The scion cutting must have the same diameter as the rootstock.
There are more than 150 types of vaccination. You can choose any depending on the thickness of the rootstock (seedling) and scion (cutting). Consider a popular option for thin rootstocks - simple copulation.
Thin rootstocks are young wild trees that need to be developed into varietal trees. The essence of copulation is very simple: make oblique cuts of the same size on the rootstock and scion and press them tightly against each other to grow together .
Rootstock and scion must match in diameter
- Wipe the stock with a damp, clean cloth. On a smooth area, make an oblique even cut at an acute angle of 20-25 degrees. The cut is made with a sharp knife moving towards itself. The cut length is much larger than the diameter to increase the contact area between the rootstock and scion.
The cut is made at an acute angle
- Make a cut on the handle the same as on the rootstock, retreating 1 cm down from the lower kidney. At the top of the cutting above the third kidney, make a cut at an angle of 45 ° towards the kidney.
- Connect the graft to the rootstock so that the cut surfaces match, and press them firmly together.
- Secure the inoculation site by wrapping it tightly with elastic tape or polyethylene film. It is very important to prevent displacement of the connected parts. If there is a kidney in the winding area, it is better to leave it open .