How to grow a pomelo tree


Pomelo tree - How to grow & care

How to grow Pomelo tree growing condition and care:

Well-drained soil, better loamy soil, moist soil in the fruits season and better to put mulch

How to care:
Design for easy to pick the fruits (when there are thorns it’s important but not all cultivars have thorns), add to the soil, organic matter, humus and fertilizer, in location with hot summer sun that the main trunk is expose to the sun better to better to whitewash (lime paint)

What is the best way to start growing:
Plant / Seed / Cutting / Air layering

Propagate by cutting:
Propagating require: sterilize knife, sterilize soil (put the soil in microwave), soil that will keep moist like: peat soil, coconut coir or peat moss, better to do it in in temperature of 25-28C (77-82F) possible higher, high humidity, moist soil (don’t let it dry), use root growth hormone and when growing from cutting it’s important, to give humidity that will be like fog

Is it necessary to graft or cutting?
Yes, necessary to ensure the existent of the fruits and quality of the fruits and there are different parameters: size, taste (sweet, sour or something in between), juicy or dry, amount of seeds or seedless, season of the fruits (different cultivars have different dates for the fruits), better to graft more than one cultivar or more than on citrus.

Cutting need to use for the base of the tree for: disease-free, base that fit for different soils, resistance for drought, base that won’t resist for grafting or specific cultivar for the fruits.

Difficulties/Problems with growing Pomelo plant:
When the tree young very sensitive to citrus leaf miner, some cultivars with thorns.

Planting season:
Spring to summer in hardiness zone 9-10a, spring or autumn hardiness zone 10b-11a, possible also in summer and winter the main problem it’s hot and cold days that might cause future problem and even kill the plant, hardiness zone 11b+ planted all year

How to plant:
Dig a hole as deep as the current root ball plus extra 20-40%, put in the hole organic matter, hummus and dried leaves and mix it with some soil, put the tree and loos little bit the root ball above the hole, plant the tree and cover it and don’t push the soil too much strong but not too much lightly because it won’t be stable, after planting put mulch to keep moist on soil, put water, for the next two weeks put every day (better in the morning) , better to take that the tree will be stable, and if not support it with bamboo or a stick that it won’t fall.

Pests and diseases:
Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis

Pruning season:
End of the winter beginning of the spring (after the fruits)

How to prune:
Dead branch, cross branch, density branch growth – when the tree grow in high density it’s prevent

Size of the plant:
Height 3-7 m, 10-21 feet

dwarf

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing to slow growing

Pummelo requirements for Irrigation and Water Management:
Average amount of water to big amount of water with good drainage, need to increase the amount of water in the fruits season especially when the fruit become bigger if there are rains need to check that it’s enough, if not the fruit will be dry or crack hole.

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun and possible to grow in half shade in the right care but will produce less fruits

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No, but possible to grow next to window with sun that possible, grow it as dwarf tree and will take more time to get fruits

Growing also possible in pots, planter, flowerpot, containers:
Yes, when grow in container need to choose the desirable container if it’s small plant it directly if it’s a big container bigger than 30%-50% than the root ball, every time that the tree arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger until arrives to desirable size, better to switch the soil once in few years soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient of care for the tree, when it’s not possible to switch all the soil just part of the soil in the side of the roots (don’t afraid from root cutting), it will bear fruits also in 5-10gallon (40 liter) container (but bigger is better), drainage it’s important and need to make holes and to use peat soil and maybe some lava grit in the bottom or something like that, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day, better to grow as dwarf tree or to grow it as bonsai.

Blooming information

When does Honey Pomelo tree bloom?
Winter, spring

General information about Pummelo flower:
Flowers are white with yellow stamen

Thinning / Deadheading the Blossom:
In the first years should thinning the flowers

Pollination is done by:
Bees

Edible fruits

Pomelo fruit season – When to harvest:
Autumn / Winter

Pests or diseases in Pomelo fruit:
Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, alternaria

What uses can be with big quantities of Pummelo fruit?
Eat, juice, the rind used fragrant, fruit leather, sugary rind, jam

Work requirements on the Pummelo greapefruit fruit:
Pick up (sometimes cut branches that grow into the fruit)

How long does it take to bear Pomelo fruit?
2-3 years

Ripening of Jabong fruit
Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house

How to grow Pomelo tree from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Moist soil, well-drained soil, 20-27C temperature and better in sunny location

Saving and care seeds until sowing:
Dry, dark location in room temperature

Sowing season:
Spring to early summer (possible also summer to autumn)

How to plant:
Planting in soil that keep moist, cover the seed lightly

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots, direct on the place 3*4m (10*13 feet), for transplant 5*5 cm (2*2 inches)

Depth of Sowing:
2cm (1inches)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Keep the soil and don’t let it dry, rich soil and sunny location

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
2-4 weeks, but can take longer

Condition of seedling:
If there is Citrus leaf miner in one of the trees in the area, better to put it in greenhouse or indoor to protect the tree, young tree very sensitive to citrus leaf miners, better to cover the soil with mulch.

Scientific name:

Citrus maxima

Alternative names: Pomela, Honey Pomelo, Pomelo grapefruit, Pummelo, Jabong tree, Shaddock, Pommelo, Pumelo, Citrus grandis, Chinese pomelo tree,

Categories of growing

Planting Season: Autumn Planting, Spring Planting, Summer planting

Light exposure requirements: Full sun Plants

Climates that the plant can grow: Mediterranean Climate, Subtropics Climate, Tropics Climate

Growing speed of the plant: Average growing plants

Plant life-form: Evergreen, Perennial plant, Tree

Plant Uses: Edible plants, Ornamental plants

Requirements for watering the plant: Regularly water, Small amounts of water

Hardiness zones: Hardiness zone 10, Hardiness zone 11, Hardiness zone 12, Hardiness zone 13

Ornamental parts: Ornamental fruit, Ornamental leaves, Ornamental plant

Leaf color:

Blooming season: Autumn flowers, Summer flowers

Flower colors: White flower

Harvest Season: Autumn Harvest, Winter harvest

Edible Parts: Edible Fruit

Culinary uses: Alcoholic beverages, Beverage, Dried fruit, Eaten raw, Fruit, Ice pop & Ice cream plants, Juice

Pomelo Cultivation Information Guide | Agri Farming

Pomelo Cultivation

Introduction of Pomelo Fruit: – The Pomelo fruit belongs to citrus race and are closely related to Grapefruit. Pomelo belongs to the family of “Rutaceae” and genus of citrus. Pomelo scientific name is Citrus Maxima or Citrus Grandis and these fruits are native to South and Southeast Asia. Pomelo is a largest fruit in the citrus world. The thick and yellow skinned fruit is popularly known in the western world as Pomelo (Pummelo,pommelo), shaddock, batavia lemon or pamplemousse. In India, this fruit is known as “Chakotras”. However, this name also technically indicates the Grapefruit though both are different species under citrus genus. The fruit is consumed as fresh and is also used in cooking to make desserts and jellies. This fruit can weigh up to 10 kg. The Pomelo fruit  has the taste of Grapefruit without the much bitterness and acidity and the texture is fleshy and has more membrane than many other types of citrus fruits.

Health benefits of Pomelo Fruit:- Some of the health benefits with Pomelo fruit are as follows.

  • The Pomelo fruit prevents UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)
  • The Pomelo fruit helps in preventing common cold & flu
  • The Pomelo fruit helps in healing of wounds
  • The Pomelo fruit helps in prevention of anaemia
  • The Pomelo fruit promotes healthy teeth & gums
  • The Pomelo fruit regulates blood pressure levels
  • The Pomelo fruit helps in prevention of leg cramps
  • The Pomelo fruit helps in curing constipation
  • The Pomelo fruit helps in preventing osteoporosis
  • The Pomelo fruit aids in weight loss
  • The Pomelo fruit has antioxidant and anti-fungal properties
Health Benefits of Pomelo Fruit

Pomelo Varieties and Major Production States in India:-  

Pomelo

Pomelo Local Names in India:-  Common names: Pomelo, Jabong, Pummelo, Pommelo Shaddock and  Chinese grapefruit.

Sadaphal (Hindi), Chakotha Hannu (Kannada), Pampara Panasa/Dabba Kayaa (Telugu), Chakotra  (Bengali), Pamparamasan/Kambili Naranga (Malayalam), Gadarangai (Tamil), Toranji (Konkani), Papanas (Marathi).

Soil and Climate Requirement for Pomelo Cultivation:-   The Pomelo fruit can be grown on wide variety of soils from coarse sand to heavy clay. However, it grows best in the deep, medium-textured, fertile soils in lowland tropics and elevation not exceeding 400 masl (meters above sea level). The best soil pH is 5.5 to 6.5 and the optimum temperature of 25°C to 32°C is required along with annual rainfall of 150 cm to 180 cm for its best growth and yield.

Propagation in Pomelo Cultivation:- Pomelo can be propagated sexually by seed or asexually by air layering , grafting, budding & stem cuttings. In South east Asia, the most common propagation method is air layering.

Land Preparation, Spacing and Planting in Pomelo Cultivation: –  Land should be prepared to the fine tilth stage by giving 2 or 3 ploughings and harrowing with desi plough. This also cleans and weeds from previous crops and level the land. If the soil  acidic in nature, applying lime to the soil will be helpful. Pits should be dug about 0.5 deep and wide. In Pomelo farming, the plant spacing of  8 to 10 meter x 6 to 8 meter should be maintained which will approximately accommodate about 125 to 210 plants per 1 hectare land. Supplement the pits with compost at the bottom or mixed at about 1/3 proportion with the topsoil which will be used to refill the pits after planting. In case of raw manure is used, it is recommended to delay the planting for 2 weeks.

The best planting season in Pomelo cultivation is during the onset of the monsoon. Planting can be done any time where irrigation facility is available. Drip irrigation would be opted for best effective management of water.

Irrigation in Pomelo Cultivation:-  Irrigation depends on the soil moisture holding capacity and growth stage of the plants. The first irrigation should be carried out immediately after planting to ensure contact of the plant roots with soil. Frequent irrigations should be given before flowering. To force early flowering, watering should be delayed during the dry season until the plant shows signs of wilting. Then the wilting trees  should be irrigated. However, for new growth of the shoots and development of the fruits, frequent irrigation is needed. Usually, an adult tree requires 100 to 250 liters of water daily during hot summer period. Drip irrigation can be adopted for effective management of water.

Intercropping in Pomelo Cultivation:- Farmers should always utilize the inter spaces in the main crop to generate some extra income. In Pomelo farming, inter crops like banana and areca palm or any vegetable crops can be cultivated during young plantation. Later any shade loving inter crops would be beneficial.

Weed Control in Pomelo Cultivation:-  Pomelo crop requires regular weeding to eliminate competition for soil moisture and nutrients. Mulching at the plant base can check the weed growth along with using recommended weedicides.

Pruning in Pomelo Cultivation:- After 5 to 6 months of planting, pruning should be carried out to induce branching. This should be done by top pruning about 30 to 45 cm from the ground level. 3 to 4 branches which are evenly distributed in separate horizontal directions should be retained and allowed to grow.

Fertilizers in Pomelo Cultivation:-   Along with organic manure, it requires chemical fertilization for better production. Foliar fertilizer can also be applied every new flushes. NPK combination of 13-13-21 is used to improve fruit taste. It should be applied in 2 doses, first dose before flowering and other one after 5 to 6 months. Fertilizers should be increased on yearly basis based on the tree age. The fertilizers should be applied in the pits about 1 to 2 meters from the trunk. Spraying of foliar fertilizer also   recommended for every 20 days starting at 40 days after planting until 140 days after fruit set.

Pests and Diseases in Pomelo Cultivation:-   Generally, most of the pests and diseases which attack the citrus crop will be found in Pomelo cultivation as well. These are common leafminers , leaf-eating caterpillars, red mites, fruit-boring caterpillar, fruit flies,  scales, rats and nematodes. For control measures of these, contact local horticulture department.

Harvesting in Pomelo Cultivation:- Usually, Pomelo fruits will be ready for harvesting in 5 months to 6 months from fruit set (Note: not after planting).The dull skin of the fruit brightens once started ripening as the oil glands become more prominent and shiny.

Yield in Pomelo Cultivation:-   Generally, yield of any crop depends on the cultivar (variety), weather conditions and cultivation practices. An average yield of 75 to 100 fruits per tree/year or 20 tons/ha per year can be obtained.

For Sheep or Goat Farming Info in India : Read Here.

Last Updated:

Get Posts in Email

Agriculture Farming

Fruit Farming

Livestock Farming

Vegetable Farming

Project Reports

How to grow pomelo at home?

Growing citrus fruits at home is a responsible and painstaking task. But imagine what a reward all this work will turn into.

A beautiful little tree will be fragrant with flowering, and if properly cared for will bear fruit.

And if someone said that it is impossible to grow a pomelo from a stone, then it's time to refute his opinion and start planting citrus.

Content:

  • We grow a pomelo at home
  • Pomelo: Features of home care
  • Pomelo transplant at home

We grow a pomp at home

9000

As you already guessed, Pomelo is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant that is an evergreen plant, which can reach a height of 10-15 meters. Naturally, this figure does not apply to trees that are grown at home.

Our climate is not the same, and the height of the ceilings is not designed for such dimensions.

The crown is covered with small thorns, so that the “juices” of the tree do not evaporate. The length of the leaf plate can reach 15-20 centimeters, it is painted dark green on top, the bottom sheet has a light green tint. The vein is pronounced.

Everyone knows that pomelo fruits are quite large and can reach up to one kilogram of weight. The pulp is very juicy, sweet and sour and fragrant, divided into small slices.

In each slice, the main object is waiting for us - seeds (pits) from which we have to grow a citrus tree.

Features of growing pomelo at home:

First you need to remove the seeds from the fruit. The extracted seeds must be washed under running water and rid of the pomelo pulp.

Washed pits must be dried and placed in sand. Put the jar in a dark, cold place for 10-12 days. The ideal place to store seeds is the refrigerator.

Take a pot, preferably one with several drainage holes, and fill it with drainage. The next layer will be fruitful drainage, which consists of sand and garden soil. Sprinkle 1/3 of the substrate.

Place the bomelo pit and cover with the rest of the earth. Water the future tree. After you have successfully planted a broomstick, you must remember that it will require special attention.

In order for the work to please with its flowering and fruits, it is necessary to carefully look after the green miracle.

Pomelo: home care features

For some time you will have to protect the young pomelo from sudden changes in temperature conditions and drafts. Also, the plant does not like direct sunlight.

The best choice is ambient light. Experts recommend spraying young leaves with warm, settled water at least twice a week.

Remember that pomelo does not do well in peat substrate, so it should be discarded. Its development is adversely affected by the presence of chlorine.

Therefore, if you are a fan of watering plants from the tap, then this idea is better to refuse. Pass water through the filter or just defend it.

As for watering, pomelo is a moisture-loving plant, you can not spare water. But remember the rule, everything is good in moderation.

Under no circumstances should you flood the plant, otherwise it can cause fungal diseases and lead to the death of the plant. We recommend that you start the next watering only after the soil has dried or becomes slightly damp.

Top dressing pomelo to ensure beautiful and long flowering. In a flower shop, we recommend picking up a top dressing for flower plants.

The product contains an increased amount of trace elements necessary for the normal growth and development of the tree.

Pomelo is characterized by abundant and long flowering. The aroma in the house will be incredible, you will definitely get the feeling that you are on sunny islands.

True, the tree will begin to bear fruit after 8-10 years. You should not worry that something is wrong with the pomelo, or you are doing something wrong, since this is a completely natural, natural phenomenon.

So, we have learned that the citrus tree requires special attention. For the normal development and growth of the plant, it is necessary to adhere to the optimal temperature regime, and also do not forget to water and feed the plant on time.

Pomelo transplant at home

Like any other plant, pomelo needs timely transplantation. As soon as you notice that the pot is small for the tree, it is worth starting the transplanting procedure. You must have with you: a larger vessel, drainage, substrate and water.

Mash the pot with the broom in your hands and remove the plant. Pour drainage into a new pot, and start adding soil. Compact the substrate well. Place the broom in the pot and start filling in the rest of the soil.

Water the pomelo or place it in a container of water to nourish the roots. Transplantation can be carried out at any time of the year.

Avoid this operation during flowering, dormancy and budding. Experts recommend returning to feeding, two weeks after transplantation.

Transplantation and care will not take much of your personal time. Fill your home with something truly exotic.

Pomelo will definitely say "thank you" to your work, its fragrant and tasty flowering. Add some citrus to your life!

Brief instructions for caring for a pomelo:

How a pomelo grows at home, growing features, care tips and possible difficulties

Growing a pomelo at home from an ordinary stone is a difficult but feasible task. The main thing is to tune in to a positive result and be patient, because a young seedling will become a full-fledged tree after 3-5 years. The pomelo grows very slowly, it is impossible to influence this process. In order to properly care for it, you need to clarify the features of cultivation, familiarize yourself with the possible difficulties and tips on maintaining the culture.

Description of plant

Pomelo is a full-fledged, separate species of citrus plants, including several varieties. This is not a hybrid, but its materials are often used in breeding work. So, as a result of crossing a green grapefruit and a pomelo, they got pomelit. The plant is rarely grown at home, which is associated with certain maintenance difficulties and the large size achieved by the plant during maturity.

Under natural conditions, the culture reaches 15 meters in height, has a spreading wide crown and large leaves. Flowers in young plants are solitary, in adults they are collected in inflorescences of 2-3 buds. Color - white or milky, diameter - 4-7 cm. The fruiting period of the tree is extended, reaches 6-8 months per year.

Mature fruits are large, weighing from 1 to 10 kg. The shape depends on the variety: it can be round or pear-shaped. The color of the pomelo peel is mixed; shades of pink, green, yellow and even purple can be present on one fruit. The protective shell is dense, reaches 3 cm in thickness, is poorly removed in comparison with other citrus fruits.

The inside of the fruit is segmented. The taste is pleasant, sweet, with a barely perceptible bitterness, reminiscent of grapefruit. It will not appear if the interlobar septum is removed. The flesh varies in color depending on the variety. There may be seeds inside it - they can be planted to grow a pomelo at home, which looks like a big tree.

Popular varieties for growing at home

Initially, in the natural environment, the pomelo plant appeared in Southeast Asia, Malaysia. It grew on the island of Tonga and Fiji. In European countries, the fruit appeared only in the 14th century, it was brought by seafaring explorers. Now the geography of the distribution of culture has significantly expanded. It is grown in China, Thailand and Taiwan, in the southern regions of Japan. These countries provide imports. Only a few varieties can be found on store shelves. From the fruits, you can collect planting material and grow a tropical tree at home. Popular varieties:

  1. Thongdi. The homeland of the variety is Thailand. The fruits are round, spherical, the peel is dark green, in the process of ripening, pink spots appear on it. The flesh is pale pink, inside each slice contains several small seeds.
  2. Khao namphung. An old variety, pear-shaped fruits, deep yellow skin with a barely noticeable pink tint. The pulp is sweet, juicy. Used in cooking for making desserts.
  3. Khao phuang. Pear-shaped fruits. The peel is yellow, the pulp is dense and juicy, there are practically no seeds inside it.
  4. Khao horn. The fruits are round. The peel is of medium thickness, green in color, as it reaches the last degree of maturity, it turns white or turns yellow (if ripening occurs on a tree). Not stored for a long time. It is widely used in cooking for making cocktails and delicious desserts.

The above varieties are most often found on the shelves of vegetable shops and supermarkets. In order for the seeds to be suitable for germination, you need to be able to choose the right fruit. It should be firm and weighty (not hollow), with a soft and smooth skin that exudes a pleasant citrus aroma. The appearance of streaks of brown, burgundy or black indicates that the fruit was not stored correctly. It can be eaten, but it is pointless to use its kernels for planting, at 90% of the time they won't germinate.

Existing propagation methods

Two classical methods are used for crop propagation: seed and vegetative. In the first case, the plants are powerful and sprawling, but it takes a lot of time to form them. In the natural environment, trees will bloom at 3-5 years of age. Growth in greenhouse conditions is slower, therefore it will be possible to get your fruit no earlier than in 5-6 years.

Home growing

It is not possible to grow pomelo and other citrus fruits outdoors in the temperate climate zone. These cultures are heat-loving, therefore they will not be able to fully develop. It is not easy to create the necessary microclimate even at home and in heated greenhouses, therefore, in order to get a tropical plant, you will have to work hard.

Pomelo cultivation requires a long daylight hours, so you will have to worry about connecting artificial lighting. The soil should be constantly moist, but not damp. Particular attention is paid to indicators of air humidity - they should be in the range of 70-80%. Only if the premises correspond to these parameters, the grower will be able to observe the flowering of the crop and, possibly, collect the fruits.

Preparation of material for planting

Pomelo in the Russian climate can only be grown at home, from the stone obtained from the fruit. Immediately before planting, the seed is advised to germinate, so its germination capacity increases. It is necessary to bury the plant in the ground correctly, otherwise it may die without starting to grow. Further, sprouts and young seedlings need competent care. If everything is done correctly, the plant will grow, bloom and possibly bear fruit, but this requires special conditions.

Peculiarities of seed germination

After peeling the fruit and removing the skin from the slices, seeds must be removed from them. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the top layer. The bones should be glossy, light and shiny, without dark blotches on the surface. They are laid out on a napkin and dried for 12-24 hours. Then start soaking.

Put a rag or gauze cloth on the bottom of a cup or other container and pour a little water (the seeds do not need to be completely covered with liquid). The top of the used container should also be covered with a cloth, but it is not necessary to wet it. In this form, the seeds are sent to heat, it is possible in the sun. After the formation of roots or the opening of a growing point, seeds can be planted.

Planting

A small pot is used for planting seeds, 2-3 seeds are placed in each, because losses at the initial stage are inevitable. After the plants reach 3-5 cm in height, the strongest shoot is selected, and the defective ones are removed. The container should have holes for moisture drainage; expanded clay or foam plastic is laid on the bottom as drainage.

Citrus plants need good soil to grow well. You can buy a special composition in the store or cook it yourself from individual components:

  • sheet primer - 1 part;
  • sod bud - 2 parts;
  • sand (river, sifted) - 1 part;
  • humus - 1 part.

Attention!

Prepared, germinated seeds should be planted no more than 2 cm deep into the soil. If planted deeper, the plants will not be able to break through to the surface.

When transplanting into a larger pot, care must be taken: all citrus crops react painfully to damage to the root system. It is better to use the transshipment method or simply replace the topsoil. You can change the pot only after the root system completely entwines the ground in it. This can be seen from the cessation of plant growth and the drying of the lower leaves.

Watering regime and humidity

Control the soil moisture in the plant pot every day. Excessive drying or waterlogging of the earthen clod should not be allowed. To assess the moisture content, it is convenient to use a wooden stick or a thin skewer. It should come out of the substrate evenly moistened. In summer, the soil is watered abundantly, about 1 time in 3-4 days, less often in winter.

It is equally important to control the humidity in the growing room. A tropical guest needs an indicator of at least 70%, then the plant will actively develop. At lower rates, the leaves can noticeably dry out and turn yellow. Compliance with such requirements can be ensured by spraying or special humidifiers.

Temperature and lighting

The plant loves heat and high humidity, so in summer it is worth taking care that the temperature reaches 30-35°C. In winter, the figure can be slightly reduced. Pomelo at home will feel good at + 12 ... + 20 ° C degrees (humidity can be lowered).

A tropical visitor needs light to develop fully. The plant will feel good on the southern and eastern window sills. At an early stage, until the culture reaches a large size, artificial light can be used. Long daylight hours (at least 14 hours) will accelerate growth. In winter, placing on the windowsills is unacceptable due to the inclusion of heating radiators.

Additional crop nutrition

Microelements help to accelerate the growth and development of the plant. During the period of active growth, it is recommended to apply compounds enriched with calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, nitrogen and sulfur to the soil at an interval of 1 time in 2 weeks. Nutrients with a high proportion of nitrogen are necessary for young sprouts, because they accelerate their development.

Attention!

Top dressing must be stopped at the time of bud formation on the plant, otherwise the fruits may become dangerous to humans.

Shaping the crown of the tree

Regular pruning ensures more than just a neat plant appearance. The crown is the key to successful fruiting and full vegetation, because the pomelo is a tree in structure. To start the formation of the main shoot, you need to pinch it when it reaches 70-100 cm in height. After that, side layers should form. They should grow 50-70 cm long, after which they can also be pinched.

Sometimes growers face difficulties when trying to create a lush crown of the crop. Often, after pruning, the shoot stops growing for 2-4 months. This is a normal citrus reaction to damage to the aerial parts. You can accelerate growth with the help of nitrogen supplements, but it is permissible to make them no earlier than a month after pinching.

Pests and diseases of crops

Citrus crops grown indoors are susceptible to sucking and gnawing pests. It is often attacked by scale insects and spider mites. To prevent their occurrence, treatment with insecticidal preparations should be carried out at intervals of 1 month. It is permissible to use chemical and biological preparations.

When a culture is infected with fungi or viruses, fungicidal preparations are used. At the same time, it is imperative to inspect the root system and, as necessary, clean it of rot. For manipulation, sterile instruments should be taken. The treated and transplanted plant after the procedure is placed in a greenhouse for at least 2 weeks.


Learn more