How to grow fiddle leaf fig tree

How to Grow and Care for Fiddle-Leaf Fig

The fiddle-leaf fig (Ficus lyrata) is a popular indoor tree featuring very large, heavily veined, and glossy violin-shaped leaves that grow upright on a sleek trunk. A fiddle-leaf fig is perfect as a focal point of a room if you can situate it in a floor-standing container where the plant is allowed to grow to at least 6 feet tall. (Most indoor specimens reach around 10 feet tall.) It's a fairly fast grower and can be potted at any point in the year if you're like most gardeners acquiring a nursery plant to keep indoors. Keep in mind this gorgeous plant is toxic to cats and dogs.

Common Name Fiddle-leaf fig, banjo fig
Botanical Name Ficus lyrata
Family Moraceae 
Plant Type Broadleaf evergreen
Mature Size 50 ft. tall (outdoors), 10 ft. tall (indoors)
Sun Exposure Part shade
Soil Type Loamy, medium moisture, well-draining
Soil pH 6 to 7
Bloom Time Rarely flowers outside of its native area
Flower Color Insignificant
Hardiness Zones 10-12 (USDA)
Native Area Tropical western Africa
Toxicity Toxic to cats and dogs

Watch Now: How to Grow a Fiddle-Leaf Fig Plant Indoors

Fiddle-Leaf Fig Care

These plants are native to tropical parts of Africa, where they thrive in very warm and wet conditions. This makes them somewhat challenging for the home grower, who is likely to have trouble duplicating these steamy conditions. However, they are relatively tough plants that can withstand a less-than-perfect environment for a fairly long time.

Fiddle-leaf figs are not especially demanding plants as long as you can get their growing conditions right. When grown as a houseplant, be prepared to rotate your fiddle-leaf fig every few days so a different part faces the source of sunlight. That way, it will grow evenly, rather than lean toward the light.

Also, every week or two dust the leaves with a damp cloth. Not only does this make the leaves appear shinier and more appealing, but it also allows more sunlight to hit the leaves for photosynthesis. Moreover, you can trim off any damaged or dead leaves as they arise, as they no longer benefit the plant. And if you wish, you can prune off the top of the main stem for a bushier growth habit.

The Spruce / Corinne Bryson

The Spruce / Corinne Bryson


Fiddle-leaf figs require bright, filtered light to grow and look their best. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves, especially exposure to hot afternoon sun. And plants that are kept in very low light conditions will fail to grow rapidly.


Any quality indoor plant potting mix should be suitable for a fiddle-leaf fig. Ensure that the soil drains well.


Fiddle-leaf figs like a moderate amount of moisture in the soil. If the plant doesn’t get enough water, its leaves will wilt and lose their bright green color. And if it gets too much water, the plant might drop its leaves and suffer from root rot, which ultimately can kill it. During the growing season (spring to fall), water your fiddle-leaf fig when the top inch of soil feels dry. And over the winter months, water slightly less.

Furthermore, these plants are sensitive to high salt levels in the soil. So it's ideal to flush the soil until water comes out the bottom of the pot at least monthly. This helps to prevent salt build-up.

Temperature and Humidity

Fiddle-leaf figs don’t like extreme temperature fluctuations. A room that’s between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit is typically fine, though you must position the plant away from drafty areas, as well as air-conditioning and heating vents.  These can cause sudden temperature shifts. 

Aim for a humidity level between 30 and 65 percent. If you need to supplement humidity, mist your plant with clean water in a spray bottle daily. Or you can place it on a tray of pebbles filled with water, as long as the bottom of the pot isn’t touching the water. Plus, fiddle-leaf figs can benefit from being in a room with a humidifier.


Fertilize throughout the growing season with a high-nitrogen plant food, following label instructions. There are fertilizers specially made for fiddle-leaf figs available. You generally won’t have to feed your plant over the winter.

The Spruce / Photo Illustration by Amy Sheehan / Leticia Almeida

Types of Fiddle-Leaf Fig

The main species, Ficus lyrata, is the most common fiddle-leaf fig plant that gardeners grow. But there are several cultivars available as well, including: 

  • Ficus lyrata ‘Bambino’: This is a dwarf variety that only reaches a few feet tall.
  • Ficus lyrata ‘Compacta’: This variety can reach up to 5 feet tall and features smaller, more bunched leaves than the main species.
  • Ficus lyrata ‘Variegata’: This is an uncommon variety with showy leaves that are a mix of green and cream. 


A fiddle-leaf fig benefits from having its leaves pruned every so often. Cut back any damaged leaves, overgrowth, or crossing branches to let the plant breathe. Make any cuts about an inch away from the trunk to avoid any damage. If you are taking off a dead brown leaf, pull on it very gently before trying to cut it because it may come off by itself.

Propagating Fiddle-Leaf Fig

It's easy to propagate fiddle-leaf fig with stem cuttings, and extremely difficult to do with seeds. Working with a cutting is just about fail-proof.

  1. Use a pair of sharp shears to cut a stem about 12 to 18 inches long with a few leaves. Pinch off all the leaves except for one.
  2. Place the vase of the cutting in a jar or vase of clean, room-temperature water and put it in a warm place with bright, but indirect light.
  3. Change the water only when it appears cloudy.
  4. In a few weeks, small white bumps will appear on the stem's base that's sitting in the water. In a couple of weeks after that, roots will grow in the water from those spots.
  5. When the roots reach 1 to 2 inches long, plant the cutting in a 1-gallon pot filled with potting soil and water until damp, and continue to keep the soil moist, but not soggy or overwatered.

Potting and Repotting Fiddle-Leaf Fig

Plan to repot a young fiddle-leaf fig annually every spring. Select a sturdy container that is roughly 2 inches larger in diameter than the existing one. Gently loosen the plant from its current pot, lift it out while supporting its base, and place it in the new pot. Fill in the spaces around the plant with potting mix. 

Once the plant is mature, it likely will be too large to repot. In that case, remove the first few inches of soil each spring and replace it with fresh soil. 

Moreover, if you will be doing the potting work outdoors, do so when the temperature is at least 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Anything colder can cause too much stress for the fiddle-leaf fig.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

These plants don’t have serious pest or disease issues, but they can be prone to spider mites, scale, and bacterial or fungal diseases. With these issues, you might notice leaf damage, such as spots or dark patches, as well as small bugs on the leaves. Treat the issue as soon as possible with an appropriate fungicide, pesticide, or other remedy. And make sure your plant has adequate air circulation and isn’t sitting in overly damp conditions, which can help to prevent future problems.

Common Problems With Fiddle-Leaf Fig

A fiddle-leaf fig plant can be sensitive to its environment and watering schedule, so when something is off, you can tell by the behavior of its leaves. The plant can develop spots on leaves or drop leaves, sometimes at a fast rate. Be on the lookout for the first signs of leaf distress.

Bleached Leaves

If you see light brown or bleached spots on the top of the leaves, the plant may be getting too much direct sunlight. This is called leaf sunburn or leaf scorch. In the case of a fiddle-leaf fig plant, you can prune the leaf with sharp shears and relocate your plant away from sitting near the direct and harsh rays of the sun.

Brown Spots on Leaves

If your green leaves develop dark brown spots or browning edges, the plant may be suffering from root rot from sitting in too much water. Check the roots to see if they are brown and mushy. Cut away the spotted leaves and gently cut mushy parts of the roots. Repot and monitor your watering to make sure the plant is not overwatered.

Brown spots can also mean the plant is experiencing extreme temperature swings, check around for drafty spots or heating/cooling units or vents, and move the plant away to a consistently warmer location.

Yellowing Leaves

If newer fiddle-leaf fig leaves are yellowing, it may indicate a bacterial problem. It may be too late to save the plant. But try cutting off the affected leaves and repotting the plant in fresh soil.

Dropping Leaves

When a fiddle-leaf fig loses its leaves, it's generally a sign that the plant is getting too much or not enough water. In addition, the plant may be exposed to extreme temperature changes, which can also make the plant drop leaves. Move the plant away from any heating or air conditioning units, vents, or drafty areas. Pull back on watering a bit so the soil is never soggy and only slightly moist.

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. “Fiddle leaf fig.” N.p., n.d. Web. 

  2. Ficus Lyrata. Missouri Botanical Garden

  3. Zarei, Mahvash et al. Evaluation of NaCl Salinity Tolerance of Four Fig Genotypes. Hort Science, vol. 51, no. 11, 2016. doi:10.21273/HORTSCI11009-16

Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Care 101 - How to grow

It’s the go-to greenery on interior designers‘ “it” lists and graces the page of every home magazine or Instagram photo. It has design staying power and simply refuses to leaf (get it?). You may sometimes see its name shortened in modern articles to FLF or “Fiddle”. What plant is it? It’s the Fiddle Leaf Fig!

The Fiddle Leaf Fig makes an excellent specimen and floor plant. The leaves are unusually large and a pretty fiddle shape. (Thus, the plant’s name.) The bright green leaf color is a pleasing accent to a variety of decor styles.

Because we are trying to enjoy this striking plant in a dramatically different climate, some might have stereotyped it as ‘fussy. ’ But, when grown indoors it’s actually pretty easy to grow. If we take time to imagine ourselves in its native habitat, then care becomes much more straightforward. So, yes…Midwestern houseplant lovers, you too can easily grow these beauties!

Also, these guys are homebodies. So, that means they don’t like to be continually moved to new spots in your house every week or month. When you purchase your plant and bring it home for the first time, remember that Fiddle Leaf Figs can be sensitive to changes in conditions like light or temperature. And your home’s conditions are likely to be different than the plant had during its stay in the greenhouse. But, heed these indoor plant care tips and you’ll have the happiest little Fiddle in town!


Where did the Fiddle Leaf Fig plant come from?

Even when growing indoors, a Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) is surviving in far different conditions from its native environment. Fiddle Leaf Fig trees originate in the tropical rainforest of West Africa. These plants thrive below the forest canopy. So, their native environment is bright, but not sunny, and the air is warm and humid. Tropical conditions offer Fiddle Leaf Figs regular rain. If you’re able to mimic these conditions, then you’re likely to have success with this plant.

They are in the Moraceae horticultural family and are closely related to other ficus trees. Cousin species include the Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica). Ficus pause their growth through the darker and cooler periods of the year (November to February). So, their largest period of growth occurs in the early spring (March to May).

How big does a Fiddle Leaf Fig grow?

When grown indoors and in our climate, a Fiddle Leaf Fig houseplant can reach 6 feet tall or more. Younger fiddle leaf figs can temporarily live on shelves while they’re small. As they grow, they are commonly seen as floor plants. Many conditions affect the ultimate height, spread, and performance of these indoor plants. A few of those factors include:

Does a Fiddle Leaf Fig create fruit?

Outside its native habitat, a fiddle leaf fig rarely flowers or fruits. But, we’ve included a photo of what the fruit looks like (right).

Most owners enjoy these houseplants for their foliage and stature, rather than their fruit-bearing capabilities.

How much water does my Fiddle Leaf Fig need? How often should I water it?

It’s important to talk about watering, drainage, and humidity in the same thought. As tropical plants, they appreciate a humid environment. If conditions are too dry, their leaves will fall off. This means you’ll always need to avoid placement directly in front of an air vent.

Though most Fiddle Leaf Figs are pretty resilient to indoor conditions and will adapt, you can help give your plant a boost by increasing the humidity levels. To do this, fill a saucer that is 1-2x larger than the pot with pebbles or small stones. Place the plant’s pot on top of the stones, keeping just enough water to cover the very bottom of the saucer. But, make sure there are enough stones so the pot isn’t sitting directly in water. (We should stress: do not fill the water to the top of the stones. The pot should not be touching the water in the saucer.) Or, place the humidity tray (stones and water) near the pot instead of placing the pot on top of it. The water will evaporate and increase the humidity for your Fiddle. Another humidity-trapping option is to place your Fiddle among other potted plants.

Don’t be fooled by thinking that wet soil and humidity are the same thing. They’re not. Your Fiddle Leaf Fig will do best in evenly and consistently moist conditions, but it will not tolerate soggy soil or standing water. Allow the top inch of soil to dry between waterings. (But don’t let it completely dry out so as to form a crust.)

Mike Davison, lead greenhouse buyer at Platt Hill Nursery recommends: “Give the plant a good drink. That means water the plant until its as heavy as the pot can get. Then, count how many days go by until it’s pretty light to lift, but not wilted. That’s how often you’ll water that particular plant until the environment changes. Recheck the watering days when you change your home environment. So, when you start running the heat or the air conditioning. Most issues I hear from my customers is from improper watering.”

Be aware that your particular watering schedule may be different depending on its location in the room, pot size, or plant size.

What are the Fiddle Leaf Fig’s light and temperature requirements?

Fiddle Leaf Figs must have a brightly lit environment. Its light requirements are often greater than artificial indoor lighting can provide. It’ll be happiest when it gets direct or indirect sunlight. (An East-facing window that gets gentle morning sun would be ideal.) If your Fiddle Leaf Fig is in front of large or single-pane windows, the plant can get easily sunburned. Sunburnt or scorched leaves can range in color, depending on how much exposure they’ve gotten. Leaf colors can appear white, yellow, light brown, or medium brown. Leaves may end up feeling crispy and may have a yellow ring around the edge of the brown spot.

A Fiddle Leaf Fig in a nursery pot

It’s also best practice to rotate your plant a quarter turn with each watering. This helps ensure it’s getting even exposure to sunlight, especially if the plant is against a wall or in a corner of a room.

Do I need to think about a specialty potting soil or fertilizers?

If you’re planting or repotting, a well-draining soilless mix is best. There are great options from Miracle Grow or Espoma. We recommend contacting the experts at Platt Hill Nursery for with any questions.

Once planted, an all-purpose fertilizer (20-20-20) will work well. We recommend applying fertilizer only during the growing season. (March-October)

What kind of container is best for a Fiddle Leaf Fig?

A pot with good drainage is best. Some customers have seen success with a terra-cotta or ceramic pot. These materials are more porous and can offer more even soil moisture throughout the pot, making them great for novice Fiddle owners.

But, aside from the material, it’s important to think of the pot’s size. The goal is to provide a container that is only approximately 1-2 inches larger than its existing pot. If bringing the plant home during fall or winter, you might consider keeping it in its nursery container (sometimes called a “can”) until spring. A newly purchased Fiddle Leaf Fig is going to experience lots of change when it’s brought home. So, putting off repotting can avoid an additional change factor. If a nursery can isn’t fitting in with your decor, consider placing the nursery can inside your decorative pot. Just be sure to brace the nursery pot within the decorative one to avoid rocking or falling, as that can damage the leaves. It’s fairly easy to do this with small stones, but decorative vase fillers may be lighter-weight and can add style.

What other maintenance is recommended? Should I prune my plant?

Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth from time to time to remove dust. To do this with as little damage or leaf stress as possible, gently cradle the leaf in one hand. Then, wipe the top of the leaf with the damp cloth using your other hand. This will provide support to the part of the leaf connected to the branch or trunk while reducing the likelihood of bruising the leaf itself. Only dust the top side of the leaf, not the bottom side.

Though not required, pruning most ficus is best done in late winter, and the Fiddle Leaf Fig is no exception. Pruning encourages branching, which provides a fuller plant with more leaves. Pruning too late in the growing season or during winter may remove leaves that your plant needs. And, during darker winter months, it can use as much photosynthesis power as it can get! So, early February is often the best time to prune without sacrificing new growth that may appear in March. Spring is also a great time to consider repotting.

Healthy Fiddle Leaf Fig leaves from the top.

Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Specs

  • Botanical Name: FICUS LYRATA
  • Horticultural Family: Moraceae
  • Origins: West Africa, Tropical Jungle
  • Foliage: Very large green leaves
  • Height: 6 feet
  • Spread: 4 feet
  • Habit: Upright, as a tree. May be pruned as a shrub.
  • Use:
    • As a tree – floor houseplant
    • As a mini  – windowsill houseplant
  • Toxicity: Possible stomach irritation in pets or people, if ingested


Platt Hill Nursery is Chicago’s premier garden center and nursery.

Growing tasty fruits at home is not too much trouble

Figs are quite suitable for cultivation in home greenhouses, because they are considered a rather unpretentious fruit crop. It is advisable to choose a self-fertile variety, as well as organize optimal conditions. And then a tree with a lush crown and delicious dark purple fruits will appear on your windowsill.


  • 1 Useful properties of figs
  • 2 How to grow a fig tree at home
  • 3 Watering and lighting
  • 4 Optimal soil
  • 6 Fruiting
  • 7 Cutting


Figs (Smokovnitsa or Vine Berry), first of all, is valued for taste and beneficial characteristics. In addition to fruits, other parts of the tree, in particular, its leaves, are used to treat a number of diseases. From the fresh leaves of the fig tree, preparations are made to help eliminate the symptoms of vitiligo and hair loss. And the juice contained in the stems is used to prepare medicinal ointments for warts, acne and the treatment of purulent wounds.

The fruits of the tree are useful for maintaining immunity, in case of some diseases of the digestive system and urinary tract.

How to grow a fig tree indoors

Due to its unpretentiousness, figs are quite popular among lovers of indoor greenhouses. If you grow a fig tree at home, then it will give the first harvest two years after planting. At home, the tree was grown back in the 17th century. If there is a desire to independently grow sugar and tasty fig fruits, then you should choose self-fertile varieties that can bear fruit without pollination.

I recommend reading about Mizuna - Japanese cabbage

Buy seedlings of the Violet Sukhumi, Oglobsha, Solnechny varieties, because they feel normal in room conditions.

Indoor tree varieties are small in size, but still need crown formation. Home varieties compare favorably with the shape and peculiar color of the fruit - they are not only yellow, but also purple and even striped.

Watering and lighting

Fig trees are considered photophilous and prefer direct sun. Watering the plant should be moderate, the main thing is not to allow the soil to dry out. In the warm season, you need to practice two types of watering - directly into the ground and add a little water to the pan. Further, generous watering should be followed by reasonable drying of the earth. In hot summer, the tree is allowed to be sprayed with water. In winter, it is necessary to limit only the lower watering.

Optimum soil

Soil for domestic fig trees should be bought at a flower shop: soil for ornamental leafy plants should be chosen. You can also make your own soil for the plant. It is necessary to take ordinary earth and mix it with a small amount of wood ash, peat and lime (add a little crushed eggshell).

Propagation of figs

Propagated vegetatively or by seed. The second method is often ineffective, so it is better to give preference to the first breeding option. You can also purchase high-quality ready-made planting material (stalk) in specialized stores or a nursery. The best time for cuttings is spring or the first month of summer.

The cutting for planting should have 3-4 live buds. The lower cut of the selected cutting must be supported under running water until the juice stops flowing. Then the cutting is planted in the prepared moist soil and covered with a plastic or glass cap.

The rooting of the cutting usually takes 15 to 30 days. In the room where the container with the handle stands, it should be warm and light. Also, a young seedling needs regular watering.


An adult fruit-bearing plant is not particularly decorative or beautiful abundant flowering. But it gives tasty and healthy fruits. At home, the tree bears fruit twice a year - in June and October. The fruits form and ripen in the axils of the leaves.


Equally important for the development and fruiting of the tree is the correct formation of the crown. The first pruning is best done when the plant reaches 30-35 cm in height. At this time, pinching the main shoot should be done, as a result of which the active growth of side branches will begin.

The fig tree grows quite quickly and if not crowned it can grow to a large size. Also, timely care of the crown leaves no chance for pests and diseases that sometimes affect the plant.

Read also Irga berry.

Settle this small beautiful tree in your loggia or winter garden. It will not require special efforts from you when leaving, but will thank you with delicious fruits. As practice shows, with proper care, a fig tree can grow and bear fruit for about 30-35 years.

If you want to grow papaya at home, you can find out how to do it here.

Collections figs figs growing fig seedlings fig tree. fig growing at home

Common violin fig leaf pests (and how to deal with them)

Author admin Reading 7 min Views 60 Published


  1. How to get rid of bugs, pests and diseases on Fiddle Leaf 9 figs0008
  2. Fighting for ordinary pests and diseases of the figs - Fundamentals
  3. The most common pests and diseases of theCi
  5. Aphid
  6. 9000
  7. Pesticide and insecticide options/solutions
  8. Garden oil and canola oil
  9. Insecticide soap
  10. Pesticides
  11. sticky traps
  12. How to use pesticides and insecticides for figs Fiddle Leaf
  13. Pests and diseases
  14. Wrap

How to get rid of beetles, pests and diseases on FIDDLE LeAF

Botanically known as 9013 , The Fiddle Leaf Fig is one of the most recognizable houseplants. Their characteristic violin-shaped leaves and tall stems are the perfect interior decoration. Unfortunately, like all houseplants, figs are susceptible to several common bugs, pests, and diseases that require immediate attention to keep your plants in good health.

Control of common pests and diseases of figs - basics

Violin leaf figs are susceptible to mealybugs, aphids, spider mites and scale insects. Flying pests such as whiteflies and fungus gnats are also common, as are root rot and bacterial diseases. There are many solutions, including garden oil and sticky traps, but prevention is the best weapon against these problems.

The most common pests and diseases of figs

mealybug c

Mealybugs, common on houseplants in warm and humid environments, are small white insects that leave traces of white powder on the entire foliage of the Fiddle Leaf. They also lay their eggs around leaves and where branches meet the main stem.

These small insects feed on leaf sap. The foliage becomes deformed and may begin to turn yellow and die if the infestation is severe. They tend to prefer new and vulnerable leaves, delaying plant growth.

Garden oil or insecticidal soap will smother pests and remove the powdery substance they leave behind.


Fast spreading and difficult to control, aphids are a dangerous pest. Although they are more common in outdoor gardens (especially vegetable gardens), they can make their way indoors and land on your Fiddle Leaf Fig.

Inspect branches and undersides of leaves for pear-shaped green, white, or brown bugs. One small bug is hard to spot, but they are usually found in large colonies, making them incredibly easy to identify.

Neem oil is most effective for aphid problems. This will suffocate the existing beetles and prevent the eggs from hatching and the colony from growing.


Another soft-bodied pest, the whitefly, also feeds on the plant sap of large fig leaves. Because of their small wings and ability to fly, they will usually jump off the plant if gently shaken. However, they find the leaves irresistible, settling quickly on the plant the minute you turn your back.

A whitefly infestation will stop your plant from growing. They also leave behind a substance known as honeydew, which attracts ants and promotes mold growth.

Move them away from the leaves with a sticky trap to control infestation.

Spider mites

Spider mites, identified by the characteristic webs they leave behind, attack a wide range of indoor plants, including figs. They can be difficult to spot in the early stages of an infestation, but a closer look at the places where the leaves and twigs meet the main stem should reveal the characteristic white web of these insects.

Hiding from view, these members of the spider family feed on plant cells. Spots appear on the affected leaves, and if the problem is severe, the plant may fall off completely.

Garden oils will quickly rid the leaves of these pests and cobwebs. Be sure to check other nearby houseplants, as spider mites can spread quickly.


Scales camouflaged in branch color are hard to see on Fiddle Leaf figs. It is also one of the most destructive pests, feeding on plant tissue and disrupting the transport systems that move water and nutrients around the plant.

If you don't notice these little brown knot-like beetles on your plant, you will definitely notice the problems they cause. Scale-infested figs shed their leaves and may become moldy due to the honeydew these beetles leave behind.

Causing irreparable damage, scale is also difficult to get rid of. Frequent use of insecticidal soap is the best way to solve the problem, but may not get rid of it completely.

Mushroom midges

A nuisance to many houseplants and their owners, fungus gnats lay their eggs in moist soil and hang on the leaves of your houseplants where the air is warm and humid.

They may not be the most dangerous insects on this list, but they are by far the most frustrating, especially when they migrate from your plants to fly around your head.

These flying beetles are quickly attracted to sticky traps left in the soil of your Fiddle Leaf tree. Once they have laid their eggs in the soil, transplanting is the only reliable way to stop the spread of these pests.

Root Rot

Experienced houseplant parents are familiar with the dreaded root rot, a disease that can quickly kill your plant if not treated immediately. There are several types of fungi that can cause root rot that grow and spread in constantly moist and warm soil.

Fig fiddleleaf with severe cases of root rot cannot absorb water and nutrients, slowing growth. Without root pruning and repotting, the plant will eventually die.

Bacterial leaf spot

Yellowing leaves and brown spots on large violin-shaped leaves are clear signs of a bacterial problem. Fortunately, these diseases are not common, as they are very difficult to remove once they have taken hold.

Prompt action is needed to prevent the spread of bacterial disease. Cut off any affected leaves immediately and watch for new signs of problems. In severe cases, you may need to destroy the plant to avoid spreading it to other houseplants.

Pesticide and Insecticide Options/Solutions

Garden Oil and Canola Oil

Oil-based products are effective at choking houseplant pests, including those that plague figs. Neem oil is the most common option, but other plant-based oils such as canola oil are also used.

Sprayed directly on the leaves, they also prevent eggs from hatching, but may burn the leaves if the plant is in direct sunlight.

Insecticide Soap

Like oils, insecticidal soaps also suffocate houseplant pests. There are several recipes for homemade insecticidal soap, but these can be purchased from nurseries or online. These soaps are ideal for removing the honeydew left by aphids and flakes, preventing mold growth.


Pesticides are a stronger solution for uncontrolled infestations. They are usually recommended as a last resort due to their potential toxicity to humans and pets. However, if you don't want to completely get rid of your tree, careful use can help solve the problem.

Sticky traps

Try sticky traps to control flying pests. These strips, covered with a sticky substance, attract strong-smelling flying pests and trap them there. They can be an eyesore, but they are worth it because of the benefits they provide.

How to Use Pesticides and Insecticides on Fiddle Leaf Figs

Pesticide application will depend on the product you are using. Most are dissolved in water and placed in a spray bottle, spraying directly onto the leaves. Once suffocated, the pests can be wiped off the leaves and discarded.

When applying, add your chosen pesticide to each sheet, thoroughly covering the top and bottom sides. Even if you can't see them, small pests are easy to miss and can hide in the most unexpected places. Wash your hands immediately after use and at the same time clean all the tools you used to trim.

Pest and disease control

To avoid serious pest and disease problems, practice prevention methods. Fiddle Leaf figs come with their own pest and disease control systems that work best when the plant is healthy and thriving.

Keep watering, make sure plants get enough light, and keep temperature and humidity stable. Monitor your tree for signs of stress and address any issues as soon as possible. It is also worth fertilizing figs in spring and summer to speed up their growth and vitality.

Pests and diseases are most prevalent in warm, humid environments with little airflow. If there is a lot of moisture around your plants, make sure there is enough space on all sides.

Learn more