How to grow fig tree from seed


How to Grow Fig Trees. Growing fig trees . By The Gardener's Network.

About Growing Mediterranean Fig Trees in Your Yard

Figs are an interesting fruit to grow. Perhaps not as popular as an apple tree, fig trees are low maintenance, and produce an abundance of fruit. Native to the Mediterranean, Fig trees prefer warmer climates, with a long growing season. However, you can succeed in growing fig trees in more northerly areas. The key to success is to provide a little protection to your trees, in both the spring and the fall. Winter protection is also important in northerly regions.

Did You Know? The lifespan of a fig tree is 150 – 200 years. So, you can plant a tree and it will produce fruit your whole life.

Plant Hardiness Zones: 6 – 9.

Fig Tree Propagation

Fig trees are grown from seed. It takes three or four years to go from the seedling stage to a fruit-producing tree. Most people don’t want to wait that long. Even though figs are easy to grow, they are not a popular, home-grown fruit tree. Your local garden nursery may have young trees in stock. Or, they may not. You can always purchase them online.

Buy Fig Trees Online now

Planting a Fig Tree

Select a location in your yard that receives full sun. Dig a deep hole. Add plenty of decomposed compost, if available. Mix thoroughly with regular garden soil. If the tree you have bought is inside of a peat pot, leave it in the container. It is helpful (but not required) to slit the container to allow roots to more easily exit the container. While making the slits, be careful not to cut the roots, as you can do more harm than good. If your tree is in a burlap bag, remove the bag. Gently spread the roots in the hole you have dug.

Bury the plant up to where it was in the container. Soak the soil thoroughly. Add more soil if needed.

When planting trees in more northerly climates, select the sunny (south) side of your house or shed. This will allow warmer temperatures, in spring and fall, and extend the growing season. 

Ideal Soil pH: 6.0 – 7.5.

How to Grow Fig Trees

Plant new trees in full sun. Once your new fig tree is planted, it should grow quickly.  

Fig trees require little care and maintenance during the season. Insect and plant disease problems are uncommon. So, you do not need to spray them. Animals seldom eat them either.

Tip: Fruit tree fertilizer spikes are a great way to boost the growth of your new tree. The spike slowly releases a fertilizer specifically formulated for fruit trees.

The size and number of fruit are dependent upon several things. As a rule of thumb, more figs on a tree, resulting in smaller individual fruit. Sometimes, mother nature pollinates a profusion of blooms. Sometimes frost nips a portion of the blooms. Removing a few of the baby figs will make the remainder grow bigger.

Harvest fruit after it turns completely ripe. Signs of ripeness, are soft and dry feeling fruit.

Harvesting Figs

Harvest fruit after it turns completely ripe. Signs of ripeness, are soft and dry feeling fruit.

Pruning Fig Trees

Like other plants, pruning established trees is healthy for them. It results in a bigger crop. Prune the  trees in the fall, after the first frost.  Plants can be cut way back, to encourage new growth, and keep the size of the tree manageable.

Winter Care and Maintenance

In warm, southerly areas: No special care is needed. Just trim the tree back, if desired, and wait until next spring.

In colder, northerly areas: Trees can die in cold winters. Cut the tree back and provide winter cover. Some people wrap the entire tree and fill the wrap with insulating materials. Materials can include straw, old rugs, clothing, balled-up appears, etc. Smaller trees can be carefully bent down towards the ground, then covered up.  

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Garden Guides | Growing Fig Trees From a Seed

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An ancient tree native to the Mediterranean and western Asia, the common fig (Ficus carica) grows to 30 feet with gray bark and lobed leaves up to 10 inches long. Its tiny flowers appear inside the 1- to 4-inch oval, cone-shaped or pear-shaped fruits that ripen to yellow, violet, brown or black. Generally only hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11, the trees can survive as far north as USDA zone 5 when protected. If you wish to grow figs from seeds, you may need to purchase them because nonpollinated fruits usually won't contain them.

Understand Fig Propagation

Because fig shoots root easily, propagate the trees from cuttings if you wish to raise reliable fruit-producers as such cultivars won’t come true from seed. (In other words, their seedlings won’t necessarily look like -- or fruit like -- the parents.) Also, trees grown from cuttings can fruit their second year, while fig seedlings may take five to seven years to do so.

Some seedlings will be male as well and make only small, inedible fruits. Therefore, you should only start figs from seeds if you wish to raise them solely as decorative plants.

Because the common fig doesn't require pollination to produce mature fruits, not all cultivars available at the supermarket contain true seeds. Those imported from the parts of the world where they are native are more likely to have been pollinated.

Harvest Fig Seeds

Fig seeds vary in size but usually are quite tiny, often no more than 1 1/2 millimeters in diameter. To harvest them from fresh figs in late spring or early summer, soak the fruits in a bowl of water for 24 to 48 hours. After they have softened, pull them apart with your fingers.

Swirl the floating pulp in the bowl to encourage viable seeds to sink to the bottom, and soak both pulp and seeds for another 24 hours. Seeds that don’t sink shouldn’t be planted because they probably aren’t viable.

Skim the floating pulp from the surface of the water and discard it. Line a kitchen strainer with a coffee filter, hold it over a sink and pour the water through the filter to capture the seeds.

Plant Fig Seeds

After filling a container that has drainage holes with sterile seed-starting mix, sow the still-damp seeds on the surface of that mix. Press them lightly into it without covering them, top the container with plastic wrap and place it under a grow light or on a sunny windowsill. If kept at a temperature near 77 degrees Fahrenheit, the seeds should germinate within two weeks to three months.

Grow Fig Seedlings

Until the seedlings are 1 month old, feed them with a half-strength balanced plant food once every two weeks. If you prefer an organic type, such as 3-3-3, mix 1 1/2 teaspoons of the solution into 1 quart of water. For a chemical 20-20-20 variety, use 1/4 teaspoon of the crystals per quart of water or whatever amount is indicated on the label. After the seedlings' first month, increase the amount of the plant food to full strength.

When the figs have four leaves each, transplant them into individual seedling pots filled with a quality all-purpose potting soil. Keep seedlings indoors during their first winter, either on a sunny windowsill or under a grow light timed to run for 14 to 16 hours per day. Stop feeding them during the winter, and resume feeding again in early spring.

After the last spring frost, transplant the seedlings into the ground in zones where they are hardy, choosing a location that receives sunlight for at least eight hours per day and has sandy loam with a pH between 6.0 and 6.5. Gradually accustom the seedlings to the brighter light for several weeks before you plant them. Space them 10 to 20 feet apart, using the wider spacing if you prefer tree form to bush form, and make sure that they receive 1 to 1 1/2 inches of water per week.

How to grow figs from seeds at home

Author: Yuki | Comments: 1

Figs (other names - fig tree, fig tree, carica ficus) - subtropical plant, lover of warm and dry climate. In our country, it is cultivated and found wild in the Caucasus and Crimea.

Juicy fruits of this tree are tasty and healthy, dark green dissected leaves are very decorative. The pride of every exotic lover will be this spectacular fruit-bearing tree grown on his windowsill.

Content:

  • Cultivation of figs from seeds
  • Seed sowing
  • Figs Care
  • Pruning

Growing figs from seeds

Grow a building from seeds at home - a troublesome case and requiring patience. In order to wait for the desired fruits, the plant will need to constantly create subtropical conditions familiar to it:0012

  • winter dormancy
  • From planting the seed to the appearance of the first fruits, you will have to wait up to five years. Easier and faster figs are propagated by cuttings. But to harvest the cuttings, you will have to go to the southern regions. And for a sophisticated gardener, in addition to the result, the growing process itself, starting from scratch, is interesting.

    Sowing seeds

    For indoor cultivation of figs, low-growing, self-pollinating varieties are most suitable, such as:

    • Violet Sukhumi
    • Sunny
    • Sochi -7
    • White Adriatic
    • Black Pearl

    Most often, lovers of experiments only have access to seeds from dried fruits, since ripe juicy fruits quickly deteriorate and are almost unsuitable for transportation. Seed germination is usually good, it lasts for two years.

    Sowing is carried out in early spring. Seeds are well washed from mucus and sown in a planting container in a mixture of humus with sand and peat, taken in equal proportions. The distance between the seeds is about 2 centimeters. On top of 2-3 cm they are covered with a layer of substrate. Gently water and cover with a film or glass.

    Constantly maintain high humidity and temperature up to 25-27 degrees. After about three weeks, sprouts appear.

    Now the seedlings begin to harden, accustoming to room temperature, and then exposing them for several minutes (and then hours) on the balcony. When the height of the plants reaches 10 cm, you can dive them into separate narrow pots. Important. It is impossible to transplant young figs into too large a container - the plant will begin to "fatten", that is, increase the green mass, and will start fruiting much later.

    Pets under the age of five need a regular annual transplant. A young tree is transplanted into a pot, the volume of which is 1 liter larger than the previous one, by the method of transshipment. Examine the roots, carefully shaking off the old soil.

    At the bottom of the container, pour drainage from small pebbles with a layer of 3 centimeters. The plant is planted in a pre-prepared substrate, consisting of leaf humus, peat and sand. It is advisable to add crushed eggshells. The root neck should remain on the surface of the earth. At the same time, you can apply fertilizer. Starting from the age of six, the tree is transplanted every three to five years.

    Caring for figs

    During the growing season, figs are kept at a temperature of 25-27 degrees in a well-lit place. In warm weather, a container with a tree can be taken out to the balcony or garden. Sunlight is very important for the plant during fruit ripening. Watering during the growth period is frequent and plentiful, otherwise the leaves may curl and fall off.

    When the fruit begins to "pour", watering is reduced a little so that they do not become watery, and the taste develops more intense. Important. In too hot and dry summers, figs respond well to “sprinkling” the leaves with warm water.

    The fig is a deciduous plant, so when winter sets in, it needs a dormant period. Figs rest from November to January. It is necessary to move it to a room with a temperature not exceeding +10 degrees and not falling below zero. Another option would be to move it to a dark place and reduce watering.

    Video on how to grow figs from seeds:

    Water occasionally with cool water, just to keep the soil from drying out. When the buds swell in January, the figs are again transferred to a brightly lit place, given regular watering and top dressing. The first top dressing is nitrogen, which is necessary for the rapid development of the vegetative mass of the plant.

    Then the tree is fed every two weeks, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers. Ripe fruits can hang on a tree for about a month, retaining their taste. Plucked fruits are not subject to long-term storage.

    Pruning

    In order to speed up fruiting and enhance decorativeness, indoor figs are pruned. The procedure is carried out before the buds open. The crown is formed in the form of a fan, leaving 3-4 strong branches on the plant. They strive to give the plant the shape of a bush with horizontal shoots.

    Fan pruning makes the plant more compact and maximizes light. The apical bud is pinched to the young tree to stimulate the development of lateral shoots. Regularly remove all weak, thickening and inward-directed branches.

    As a result of competent pruning, a patient gardener in a few years will receive a powerful bushy plant up to 1.5 meters high. It is extremely tempting to grow this heat-loving representative of the subtropical flora at home, which pleases the caring owner and his guests with its exoticism and valuable fruits.

    Growing figs at home from seeds: description, reproduction and care

    Author: Violetta Larina

    To grow figs at home, it is easier to buy a plant in garden centers. However, many people want to grow their tree "from scratch", that is, from seeds or cuttings. Therefore, I will start the story about growing a fig tree in an apartment with the methods of breeding it.

    When planning to grow figs from seeds, keep in mind that the plants obtained in this way will please you with fruits in 4-5 years. Seeds are easy to obtain, just buy figs in the fruit section of the grocery store - fresh or dried - and then extract the achenes from the fruits. Since the seeds remain viable for two years, the probability of successful breeding is high. You don’t have to worry about fruiting either, because the figs that go on sale are grown on plantations, as a rule, planted with self-fertile plants.


    Sowing fig seeds

    Growing figs at home from seeds

    Figs have many names - fig tree, fig tree, wine berry. The fruits are called figs or figs. Among the plants cultivated by man, figs are one of the oldest. Fig fruits were highly valued by many peoples.

    Sowing fig seeds

    The fig tree is repeatedly mentioned in both the Old and New Testaments. Adam and Eve covered themselves with its leaves after their fall. This is where the well-known expression “hide behind a fig leaf” comes from.

    Sowing fig seeds is best done in early spring:

    1. Seeds extracted from figs should be washed well, as the mucus covering them prevents germination. Then spread on fabric and dry. One day is enough for this.
    2. Prepare the soil in advance by mixing equal parts peat with sand or leafy soil with sand, or you can sow it in a potting mix for vegetable seedlings.
    3. Sow seeds to a depth of 2 cm, observing the conditions for sowing seeds.
    4. After sowing the figs, cover the containers with foil to protect the soil from drying out.
    5. Place in a warm place out of direct sunlight.
    6. When the soil dries out, moisten it with a spray bottle. Usually after 2-3 weeks the seeds sprout.
    7. As the leaves develop, periodically remove the shelter, accustoming the plants to drier air.
    8. When the seedlings have reached a height of 10 cm, plant them in pots.

    Propagation of figs by cuttings

    Propagation of figs by cuttings

    If there is an opportunity to acquire a cuttings of figs, then this is a great success. Growing figs from cuttings can bring the first fruits in 2 years.

    There are winter and summer cuttings. The former ripen in winter, when the plant is at rest, the latter in spring and summer.

    Based on this, it turns out that you can buy fig tree cuttings at any time of the year, except for autumn.
    You also need to know that cuttings for propagation are cut from young shoots. They should have 3-4 internodes and an oblique lower cut. Rooted cuttings as follows. First, we lower the lower end into the water and keep it in it until the release of juice stops, for about a few hours.

    Before planting, make a few longitudinal scratches on the bark at the base of the cutting. We plant in a loose soil mixture of sand, leafy and soddy soil (1: 2: 2), deepening by 5 cm. We first spill the soil for disinfection with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. It is advisable to pour washed sand with a layer of 3 cm over the soil mixture. We cover the cuttings with glass or plastic jars.

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    After about a month, rooting occurs, as evidenced by the appearance of young leaves. A month later, the plants are ready for transplanting into the pots intended for them. When growing a fig tree and taking good care of it, in a year you can eat figs grown with your own hands.

    Don't forget to replant the young fig tree every year

    Fig tree replanting

    Young fig trees are replanted every year as they grow rapidly before fruiting. Transplant in the spring, before the leaves open. From the age of 7 years, it is enough to change the container every 3 years.

    The new pot should only be a few centimeters larger than the old one. In a spacious - "for growth" pot, figs develop a too powerful root system, which grows to the detriment of fruiting.

    When transplanting a fig tree, be sure to fill the bottom of the pot with drainage - pebbles or expanded clay with a layer of 2-3 cm. We put the transplanted plant on the lightest window sill. When growing figs at home from seeds, it is important not to forget that the fig tree is a photophilous plant.

    Plant formation

    Fig formation

    Figs can grow up to the ceiling in an apartment. To prevent the plant on the window from turning into a bunch of long rods, regular pruning is necessary. It is better to form a crown at the end of the dormant period, before the buds swell. In order for all shoots to get more light, we form indoor figs with a fan. Without waiting for the plant to reach the maximum height allowed in the room, we pinch the apical bud. We do not touch young horizontal branches - they form the most fruits. Shoots directed inside the crown, thickening it, must be removed.

    The purpose of the fan pruning is to leave several main branches located approximately in the same plane and as close to the horizontal as possible.

    All sections are made over the kidney. After pruning, the buds closest to the cut point awaken, new fruit-bearing shoots are formed. As a result, both productivity and decorativeness of plants increase.

    Growing figs at home from seed

    Fig tree maintenance

    Like most subtropical plants, figs need a dormant period. In winter, the plant feels best on an insulated loggia or in a winter garden, where the temperature does not fall below 0 degrees and does not rise above 10 degrees.

    Figs can overwinter quite safely in the room. At the same time, lighting is not required during this period.

    Wintering lasts approximately from November to February (in the room the rest period ends early). At this time, the fig sheds all the leaves. Watering comes down to preventing the earthen clod from drying out. Moreover, sleeping figs should be watered only with cool water (12-15 degrees), otherwise the plant will wake up prematurely.

    With the first signs of awakening (swelling of the buds), the plant should be exposed to light, intensify watering and feed. For successful cultivation of figs at home from seeds and its rapid development, the plant requires a lot of nitrogen, so the first dressing should contain a nitrogen fertilizer.

    In the future we regularly feed the fig tree 2 times a month. From ready-made mixtures, the universal complex fertilizer Kemira Lux, Fertika-Universal, Mortar is ideal. Figs respond well to foliar feeding with a 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate and a 0.05% solution of copper sulfate.

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    Water the fig tree abundantly in summer. Favorable and frequent spraying. True, the figs can cope with the dryness of the air on their own, but the drying of the earthy coma is painful and sheds leaves. During the ripening of the fruits, watering can be slightly reduced so that they are not watery and do not crack.

    We protect against diseases and pests

    Cultivation of figs is also pleasant because it rarely gets sick, and pests do not annoy it as often as lemons, tangerines and coffee trees. And yet the disease is easier to prevent than to cure. When buying a fig tree, inspect it carefully for signs of disease or pests. At home, wash the purchased figs with warm water and place them away from other inhabitants of the windowsill. If after a month no diseases were found, then there is no need to fear for the well-being of the fig tree and other plants.

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    Favorable conditions for the development of spider mites are warm and dry air prevailing in most apartments during the heating season. Therefore, it is necessary to start pest control not with the use of chemicals, but with an increase in air humidity, making it a rule to regularly spray the plants and the space around them. And only if these measures turned out to be insufficient, it makes sense to turn to chemical agents.

    Traces of the life activity of the spider mite - light dots on the lower surface of the leaves. Having found a restless pest, it is necessary to thoroughly wash the figs with water and spray with a solution of Aktellik or Fitoverm (2 ml per 1 liter of water). These same drugs save from scale insects and mealybugs.

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    Of the fungal diseases for figs, coral spotting is dangerous. Small reddish formations form on the stems. Radical treatment - cutting and destruction of affected shoots, treatment of the whole plant and especially sections with Fundazol (1 g per 1 liter of water).

    How to harvest figs correctly

    Depending on the variety, you can get 1-2 harvests. Figs of the first collection are formed mainly on last year's shoots, and the second - on the shoots of the current year.

    That is why the annual pruning of the fig tree, which results in an increase in the number of young shoots, is a guarantee of a high harvest.

    The ripening of the first crop occurs in June-July, the second fruiting occurs in September-October. Ripe fruits do not always differ in color from unripe ones. How do you know that figs can be plucked from a branch? It's easy - the ripened fruit becomes soft, a drop of juice stands out from the hole - the eye.

    When growing figs at home from seeds, you should always remember that under poor lighting, the ripening of fig fruits is delayed, they may fall off.

    For the same reason, houseplant figs are often smaller than expected. However, this is not a cause for disappointment, the main thing is that your garden by the window will be replenished with another plant, and now you have your own fig tree that bears biblical fruit.

    Riddles of the messenger of the ancient world - figs

    From the myths of Ancient Greece we know that figs were widespread in the ancient world. However, the plant is not easy, and before cultivating it, people had to solve a lot of mysteries.

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    Fig belongs to the genus Ficus, that is, it is a relative of our usual indoor ficus - Benjamin, rubbery, lyre-shaped. If most ficuses chose the tropics for their habitat, figs, in contrast, preferred the subtropics. The specific name - carica - comes from Caria, a region in Asia Minor, where, according to Carl Linnaeus, who gave this name, the birthplace of figs is located. Over millennia of cultivation, man has spread cultivated plants throughout the subtropics of the Old World.

    Although the fig tree has been cultivated for a very long time, the intricacies of the pollination mechanism only became known a few decades ago. But the connection between the harvest of the fig tree and the presence of nearby trees with caprifigs has been known since ancient times. In order to ensure the harvest, the peasants usually planted one wild tree next to cultivated, fruit-bearing trees, or simply brought branches of a wild fig tree into the garden.

    Today, when figs are grown on an industrial scale, they rely not on the pollinating ability of wasps, but on the yield of specially bred varieties that form fruits without pollination.

    Thanks to the emergence of self-fertile varieties, it became possible to grow figs in an apartment, which was used by fans of indoor gardening.


    Biological description of the fig

    Biological description of the fig

    What is this legendary plant with so many different names? It grows as a bush or tree up to ten meters high. The bark is light gray, smooth, the leaves are large, divided into several lobes. They have healing properties, for example, help to cope with hives. And the milky juice contained in all parts of the plant removes warts.

    Figs are not picky about soil. It happens that plants even settle on rocks and in cracks in walls. It tolerates drought well, but grows most magnificently and bears fruit abundantly only with good moisture. And, of course, like any subtropical plant, figs are thermophilic.


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