How to grow monkey puzzle trees from seed
How to Grow and Care for a Monkey Puzzle Tree
The monkey puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana) is a large evergreen tree with a distinctive shape – its often horizontal branches are covered in spirals of sharp, triangular leaves. When mature, trees produce large cones at the tips of the branches.
Also known as the Chile pine, the monkey puzzle tree is native to Chile and Argentina. The seeds, similar to large pine nuts, were long part of the staple diet of the indigenous people of the region.
The tree dates back 200 million years, which means it was around in the dinosaur (Mesozoic) Era. It's thought that the sharp leaves protected the tree from being eaten by dinosaurs and other long-extinct animals.
The monkey puzzle tree was introduced to the UK at the end of the 18th Century and was a favourite with the Victorians. It's thought it got its common name when a guest saw a tree at a country estate in Cornwall and remarked that it would be a 'puzzler' even for a monkey to climb.
While the monkey puzzle tree is a common sight in large gardens and parks in the UK (thanks to those Victorians) it's now classed as an endangered species in its native habitat. Human interference in the form of heavy logging, forest fires and grazing from introduced animals has taken a heavy toll on the trees. It can take 40 years for the tree to produce seeds, so re-establishing them is a long-term challenge.
Conservation efforts in the UK have seen Chilean 'forests' of monkey puzzle trees planted at Royal Botanic Gardens Kew's Wakehurst site in Sussex, the Eden Project in Cornwall and the Benmore Botanic Garden in Scotland. If you plant one in your garden, you will play your part in conserving a 'living fossil'. The monkey puzzle tree is a slow grower, reaching 6m x 3m after 10 years. However, it ultimately reaches 25m in height and 10m wide, so this is only a tree for a large garden. It can live for over 1,000 years.
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How to grow a monkey puzzle tree
Grow monkey puzzle in a sheltered spot in full sun or partial shade in fertile, moist but well drained soil. Water well after planting until established. No pruning or additional care is necessary.
Monkey puzzle tree: jump links
- Planting for a monkey puzzle tree
- Caring for a monkey puzzle tree
- Propagating a monkey puzzle tree
- Growing a monkey puzzle tree: problem-solving
- Buying a monkey puzzle tree
Where to grow a monkey puzzle tree
A monkey puzzle tree growing in a large garden
Grow in a sheltered spot in full sun or partial shade in fertile, moist but well drained soil. Give it plenty of space as ultimately it will reach 25m x 10m wide – this a tree that is only suitable for a large garden.
A monkey puzzle tree. Getty Images
How to plant a monkey puzzle tree
- Stand the tree in water to ensure its roots are damp. Dig a square hole that’s wider than the pot your tree is in, and the same depth. Lightly fork the base and sides of the hole to to loosen it
- Stand the tree in the planting hole, checking that the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface
- Backfill with excavated soil around the rootball, then use your heel to firm the soil around it
- Water the tree thoroughly, then keep it well for at least the first year
- Mulch with a layer of bark to help retain moisture while the soil establishes
Read our detailed guide to planting trees.
Where to buy a monkey puzzle tree online
- Thompson & Morgan
- Gardening Express
Caring for a monkey puzzle tree
Monkey puzzle trees are very low maintenance – they do not need any regular feeding or pruning. Water young trees regularly in the first year after planting – after that they should get all the moisture they need from rainfall.
How to propagate a monkey puzzle tree
Seeds of the monkey puzzle tree. Getty Images
Monkey puzzle trees are usually 'dioecious' which means that the male and female cones grow on separate trees. The male cones are elongated or oval shaped, while the female cones are large and round. In time, these fall to the ground, usually in autumn, releasing their seeds. If you have been given permission to collect some, check that they are from a female tree (the seeds should be fat and plump as opposed to thin and flat). Sow straightaway, while they are fresh. If you have bought seeds online, they will have been kept in cold storage and also need sowing immediately.
Soak in water for up to 24 hours then sow, pointed tips facing down and the tops uncovered. Place in a propagator or greenhouse or on a sunny windowsill – they need a temperature of 20°C to for germination, which can take anything from a few weeks to a couple of months. Transplant the seedlings once they are large enough into bigger pots. Plant into their final position after two or three years.
Growing a monkey puzzle tree: problem solving
Monkey puzzle trees are generally problem free. They have a tendency to lose their lower branches as they age – this is normal.
They can be attacked by honey fungus.
Advice on buying a monkey puzzle tree
- Only buy a monkey puzzle tree if you have the space for it – it's slow growing but can ultimately reach a height and spread of 25m x 10m
- Monkey puzzle trees are rarely seen at garden centres, so buy from a tree specialist or look online
- If you are buying seeds, buy from a reputable supplier
Where to buy a monkey puzzle tree online
- Thompson & Morgan
- Gardening Express
How to Grow and Care for Monkey Puzzle Tree
Monkey puzzle tree (Araucaria araucans) is an evergreen conifer tree native to mountainous regions of South America and grown as a unique landscape specimen in selected regions around the world. It has a much different look than most conifers. Now threatened by climate change, monkey puzzle tree is a very old species that has been present on earth since the time of the dinosaurs and is sometimes called a living fossil, it has a pyramidal shape with unusual 2-inch triangular leaves that cluster around upward-facing branches—even the trunk may be covered with these plate-like leaves. The foliage is not like the typically needle-shaped type. Instead, they are leathery, broad and dagger-like, and can remain on the tree for 10 to 15 years. As it ages, the tree loses lower branches, assuming an umbrella-like shape. The large 6-inch female cones take up to three years to ripen and disperse edible seeds, which have a taste similar to pine nuts.
Monkey puzzle tree is best planted as a nursery-grown container plant in the fall or spring. It is a slow-growing but very long-lived tree, taking a full 10 years to reach 20 feet in height. In the wild, it has been known to reach 80 feet in height, but garden trees usually reach a maximum of 20 to 30 feet.
|Common Name||Monkey puzzle tree, Chilean pine|
|Botanical Name||Araucaria araucana|
|Plant Type||Coniferous evergreen tree|
|Mature Size||50–80 ft. tall, 20–30 ft. wide|
|Sun Exposure||Full, partial|
|Soil Type||Semi-rich, evenly moist, well-drained|
|Soil pH||Acidic to alkaline|
|Hardiness Zone||7-10 (USDA)|
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
Monkey Puzzle Tree Care
Monkey puzzle tree is easy to grow in the right climate—but temperamental in many locations. Mediterannean-type climates at high elevations are ideal, but northern regions or areas where summers are quite hot will require just the the right site. Not every location within the zones 7 to 10 hardiness range will be suitable—only areas with fairly cool summers and mild winters, and areas without serious urban pollution issues. Although forgiving of different soil types, monkey puzzle tree requires a sheltered area that is protected from winds. In areas with hot summers, some afternoon shade is preferred.
Choose a spot well away from sidewalks and driveways, as this tree's surface roots have the potential for heaving paved surfaces. The planting hole should be twice as wide as the tree's nursery container, with soil that is well loosened. Plant it at the same height as it was growing in the container. It is always good to have a helping hand to make sure your tree is completely straight as you fill the soil back into the hole. Then, place 2 to 3 inches of mulch around your tree without it touching the trunk. You may want to stake your tree to ensure strong winds do not displace it.
After planting, soak the tree thoroughly and water it weekly with long soaks that drench the entire root system. Less frequent deep watering is better than more often shallow watering. Once the tree is established, it usually survives nicely on ambient rainfall.
Monkey puzzle trees want full sun but will tolerate partial shade, especially in hotter regions. They do not tolerate deep shade. If growing in a container, make sure the window gets plenty of direct light.
One real positive about growing the monkey puzzle tree is that it will tolerate a wide range of soils providing they are deep and the drainage is good. In a container, adding some perlite to the potting mix may aid drainage.
If the tree has established itself and you have watered it well for the first year or two as instructed above, then watering your monkey puzzle is low maintenance. The tree prefers medium moist soil and that can usually be maintained by the precipitation that occurs naturally. If a dry spell does occur, water as needed. For a plant in a container besides keeping the soil moist, a regular misting will be needed.
Temperature and Humidity
The official hardiness range for the monkey puzzle tree is USDA zones 7 to 10, but it is borderline in warmer regions and does not tolerate dry weather. It can survive brief temperatures down to minus 4 degrees Fahrenheit.
If your garden is dry or can reach colder temperatures, consider growing in a pot that can e moved back and forth between outdoor and indoor locations as the seasons shift.
The monkey puzzle tree does not need supplemental feeding, thriving nicely on the nutrients provided by any type of soil.
Types of Monkey Puzzle Tree
While there are cultivars available for this tree, they are of most interest to collectors and arboretums. The tree normally available for sale in the horticulture trade is the pure species.
Monkey puzzle trees generally require no pruning, other than to remove dead or broken branches. These should be removed all the way back to the main trunk, as partial pruning often kills the entire branch.
These trees are "self-pruning" as they age—lower branches die and fall off, creating a tree with an eccentric upper canopy.
Propagating Monkey Puzzle Tree
Monkey puzzle tree is very hard to propagate by vegetative means, so it is normally done by collecting and planting seeds (see below).
How to Grow Monkey Puzzle Tree From Seed
Although growing a monkey puzzle tree from seeds is not particularly hard, you will need to either purchase the seeds or obtain them from someone who has a mature tree, as the cones do not begin producing viable seeds until the tree is 40 to 50 years old.
Purchased seeds are the better option because you will be assured that they are female seeds. If collecting from mature cones on an existing tree, the female seeds will be fat and plumb rather than the thin and flat shape of the male seeds.
Soak the seeds in water overnight, then plant in seedling flats filled with potting mix with the pointed tops facing down and the tops exposed. Place under a plastic cover and place the flat in a sunny window. They require temperatures of 68 degrees Fahrenheit in order to germinate. Keep the potting mix moist but now soaking until germination, which can range from a few weeks to two months. When the seedlings are large enough, they can be transplanted into individual pots. It is typical to grow them in pots for or three years before transplanting them into the garden.
Potting and Repotting Monkey Puzzle Tree
Like its relative, Norfolk pine, monkey puzzle tree is sometimes grown as a container plant in regions where it cannot survive winters outdoors. In cooler climates, it is best to give it plenty of outdoor time during the summer, moving it indoors only for the winter. Because these plants are native to mountainous regions near the equator, they need lots of light, and this can be hard to achieve during winter months in northern regions with short days. Providing auxiliary lighting may be necessary. This plant can be hard to grow as a permanent indoor houseplant.
Monkey puzzle trees should grow well enough in any well-draining potting mix in a pot with good drainage (any pot material will do). Every few years when roots begin poking out of the drainage hole, repot the plant into a larger container with fresh potting mix.
It's a good idea to periodically flush the pot with heavy watering to flush out mineral salts. Other than this, keep the potting mix moist but not wet.
When grown in its established hardiness range, monkey puzzle tree requires no protection against winter cold. Gardeners in cold-winter regions who are growing it as a container plant should move it indoors as temperatures begin to dip below freezing. For the winter months, a potted tree will need as much light as you can give it.
Common Pests & Plant Diseases
Monkey puzzle tree is generally resistant to pests and diseases, but there can be occasional problems with scale, mealybugs, thrips, and spider mites. Neem oil or another horticultural oil are good remedies.
Leaf spot, sooty mold, and phytophthora root rot are among rare but possible disease issues. Mold and leaf spot are usually not fatal and are easily treated with fungicides, but once root rot takes hold, it will likely kill the tree. Poorly draining soils and overly wet conditions encourage these mold and fungal diseases.
Common Problems With Monkey Puzzle Tree
Homeowners sometimes come to lament the messiness of monkey puzzle tree, which can drop large quantities of large, hard cones in the fall once the tree is mature, often assualting pedestrians walking below. Large trees with substantial surface roots can also heave sidewalks, driveways, and patios. This tree can get surprisingly large, so it should be planted with at least 24 feet of open space around it. Don't plant this tree near overhead utility lines.
Owners are sometimes surprised when the tree begins to shed its lower branches as it gets older. This is entirely natural.
The monkey puzzle tree is a coniferous gymnosperm with a wildly unusual look that is the origin of its equally odd name. According to the popular story, a member of the English parliament, Sir William Molesworth, was having a luncheon with some friends at his country home, and while showing his garden, his friend, the famous lawyer, Charles Austin, said of the tree, "It would puzzle a monkey to climb that." Having no common name at that point, the name stuck.
Although the fossil records indicate that this species once covered a vast area of South America, Africa, India, and Austrailia, today it can only be found in a very small tract of land in the rainforests and coastal mountains of Chile. It is now a protected tree by CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), and has been named the national tree of Chile.
Monkey puzzle tree has never naturalized in the U.S., due to its limited hardiness range and unique requirements. But it can make an interesting specimen tree in some areas of the South, Southwest, and West Coast of the U.S. Because its native enivronment includes coastal regions, the tree has developed excellent salt tolerance.
Human-set fires, forestry, and the introduction of new species of animals have led to the monkey puzzle tree’s recent demise. The tree takes up to 40 years to produce cones and is incredibly long-lived—up to 1200 years. Often the trees do not live long enough to reach an age where cone production is possible, therefore the next generation does not continue.
Yes. The seeds found within the mature cones on this tree have a taste similar to pine nuts, but are soft like cashews. These nuts make the tree quite appealing to birds and other animals.
The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Araucaria araucana. American Conifer Society.
Indoor Monkey Puzzle Tree. USDA.
Auaucaria araucana. Missouri Botanical Garden.
Monkey Breadfruit, Pharmacy Tree, 21st Century Superfruit, Magic Tree
In the photo there is a three-core spurge and a smiling head cat)
The plant is called cat or cat
some kind of ficus. cool cat)
is popularly called the Monkey Tree, by the way, it has poisonous juice and it is necessary to remove yellow leaves from it with gloves and cutting with scissors, and even when its seeds ripen, “shooting” will begin in all directions
Euphorbia) 100 points!
Is the cat British?
A variety of euphorbia (euphorbia). Propagated by "self-sowing" If it stands among other plants, then seedlings can be expected in all pots.
And your cat is remarkably beautiful!
White-veined spurge (white-veined)
Tatyana is right - white-veined euphorbia
Sorry - changeling
This is Euphorbia, or spurge (Euphorbia) Euphorbia family. Homeland - subtropics of Africa, America, about Madagascar. This extensive family of succulent plants includes about 2,000 species. Many of its representatives are huge and therefore inaccessible for growing at home. This particular species - White-veined Euphorbia Euphorbia leuconeura - is one of the most common spurges in recent times. In nature, up to 1.5 m in height, has a distinct ribbed trunk. The leaves in the lower part of the trunk gradually die off and remain at the top, from which this plant is often called the "palm". The leaves are long, oval-ovate, dark green with distinct veins. It blooms with small inconspicuous flowers. The fruit is a capsule, the seeds from which often "shoot" and scatter when ripe. Like all spurges, it does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil - the leaves turn yellow and fly around.
Temperature: Moderate in summer they are kept at 20-25°C. In winter, the dormant period at a temperature of about 16°C, at least 10-12°C.
Lighting: Bright lighting in both winter and summer. Euphorbias love a lot of light, but you need to gradually accustom them to the direct sun in spring and summer so that burns do not remain. The best place for milkweed is the windowsill of the south or southeast window. Make sure that there is enough lighting in winter.
Watering: Moderate in spring and summer, about twice a week, reduced in autumn, and very rare in winter when kept cool. Succulent species, for example, are watered about once a month in winter. Water for irrigation is used soft, room temperature. During the period of growth and flowering, the soil of euphorbia should not dry out completely.
Fertilizer: During the growth and flowering period, they are fed with a special fertilizer for houseplants, fertilizing every two weeks. For flowering species of euphorbia, potash fertilizers are used, for non-flowering species, fertilizers for cacti can be used.
Humidity: Euphorbia is tolerant of dry air, but regular spraying with warm water is very beneficial.
Transplantation: Soil - 1 part sod, 1 part leaf, 1 part peat, 1 part sand and brick chips. Young plants are transplanted annually or every other year, old ones after two to three years.
Propagation: Cuttings, for this they are dried in the air, and the cuts on the mother plant are sprinkled with crushed coal. Seeds.
Not everyone knows a plant called "crassula" or "crassula". But the money tree (the tree of love, the tree of happiness, the monkey tree) is known to everyone. But in fact, all this is the designation of the same succulent plant, beloved by flower growers for its unpretentious and docile nature. However, you need to know some subtleties of caring for this plant.
A little about the money tree
The homeland of the money tree is the arid tropics of Africa, Madagascar, South Arabia. It's all about the plant's ability to accumulate a large amount of moisture in the leaves, which means that the money tree is not afraid of any interruptions in rain.
There are several types of crassula - arboreal crassula, money tree or cotyledon arborescens. The money tree is also called the silver fat woman and the oval fat woman. The color of the leaves is the most diverse - green, dark green, silvery, with a shiny surface, reddish border, with red spots.
All varieties of the money tree do well at home and can reach 2 meters in height.
How to take care of the money tree
Crassula can be propagated by leaf cuttings or shoots. Leaf cuttings are rooted in the soil a couple of days after separation or placed in water until the roots appear.
Soil suitable for cacti is perfect for the money tree. The mixture should be as follows: turf ground (1 part), leaf ground (3 parts) and sand (1 part), with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. Humus, ash, clay and brick chips will be required. Don't forget about good drainage.
Replant the money tree as it grows, about 1 time in 2 years, depending on the growth process. It is necessary to take into account the following feature of fat women - the root system cannot always keep a tall branched tree in a bowl, the plant will fall and be damaged. To avoid this, you need to choose a heavy and deep pot, commensurate with the height of the plant.
Crassula is fed between April and September. Use a universal fertilizer or a special one designed for cacti and other succulents. Top dressing is carried out once a month. From September to April, i.e. feed all cold months once a month, but reduce the concentration of the solution by 2 times. Apply fertilizer to moist soil after watering.
In winter, in autumn, the plant is watered less often than in warm periods. In spring and summer, the soil should be slightly moist before watering, in autumn and winter it should be almost dry. For a money tree, an excess of moisture is always more dangerous than a shortage, especially in winter. Excess moisture makes the plant vulnerable to fungal diseases: the leaves begin to turn yellow, darken and fall off. In case of illness, the crassula must be removed from the bowl, the soil dried, and the root system treated with special preparations.
For Crassula, you must immediately determine a permanent place. The plant loves lighted places, light partial shade is also suitable. The main condition is that the money tree should not be exposed to bright sunlight. The tree does not need high humidity - you don’t even need to spray it, but once every one and a half months you should still wipe the leaves from dust with a damp cloth or cloth.
Diseases dangerous for the money tree
Dry brown spots may appear on the leaves due to insufficient watering. But soft brown spots are a fungal disease (how to deal with it, see "watering").
If you notice rot at the base of the stem - this is root rot, which is quite difficult to fight. It is necessary to cut off all parts infected with rot, transplant the money tree into a clean pot with new earth. The most drastic method is to cut off the top of the tree and start growing it again. But these methods will only help if the roots of Crassula are alive - not dark and not soft.
The money tree is extremely rarely affected by pests. If this happens, then the plant is treated with universal remedies for specific pests.
It is believed that the money tree feels close to the one who cares for him so that if this person is stressed or his physiological condition worsens, the crassula begins to hurt and wither.
Araucaria is an exotic, unusual, beautiful plant. It is also called monkey riddle or tree. This representative of the flora belongs to the coniferous trees of the Araucariaceae family, grows in the rocky areas of New Zealand, Australia, and also South America.
Under natural conditions, araucaria is a giant tree. Miniature specimens are grown in houses and apartments. They resemble a small Christmas tree, which will be a great decoration for any room. Araucaria should not be treated solely as a miniature representative of conifers.
In nature, there are specimens reaching a height of up to 50 meters. The annual growth of the indoor variety is 10-15 centimeters per year, but only under the most favorable conditions. However, when planting a green beauty in the house, it should be borne in mind that a monkey tree can grow up to 1.5 meters.
Of course, araucaria can reach a similar height a few years after planting, but this feature of the plant must be taken into account initially, carefully considering where the copy of the exotic representative of the araucaria will stand.
Features of araucaria - monkey tree
The stems and shoots of a young plant are covered with bright green bark. As the tree gets older, the branches begin to lignify and turn brown. Lateral shoots are either horizontal or have a drooping shape. The branches grow from the base and form spectacular tiers on the stem. Over time, the lower shoots are shed, exposing the trunk.
The branch cover consists of small and hard cylindrical needles resembling a monkey's tail. This gave rise to such an unusual name. This similarity is most clearly manifested in massive mature trees. In miniature varieties, this trend is weakly traced due to their small size.
The needles resemble sessile hard leaves. They are narrow or oblong or triangular. The color is light green. There is a slight bluish tinge. They are arranged in a spiral. This applies to both giant and miniature representatives. The needles fall off exclusively together with the branches, because they sit quite firmly.
Monkey tree is useful. It produces phytoncides and esters that purify the air and kill harmful microorganisms.
Monkey tree blossom
Most representatives of araucaria are dioecious. They, unlike many houseplants that are accustomed to growing, bloom after full maturation, which occurs at about 40-50 years of the tree's life. In addition, flowering is different, depending on which monkey tree is grown.
Men's specimens are lower. These trees are covered with elongated flowers that have many anthers. In length, they reach about 20-25 centimeters. Female araucaria does not have inflorescences. It forms oblong large cones, which are covered with green skin. Their diameter reaches up to 35 centimeters. When the cone ripens, you can find edible nuts inside, whose taste is similar to pine nuts.
What types of araucaria are grown indoors?
There are about twenty varieties of araucaria. Most are not suitable for growing at home. For this purpose, it is necessary to acquire extremely compact representatives of the monkey tree. The most popular varieties are described below.
It is an unpretentious miniature species of araucaria. Its height reaches about 50-65 centimeters. And if, as mentioned earlier, it is not possible to grow a tree of 1.5 meters, the choice should be made in favor of a multi-leaved monkey tree.
The variety has an upright trunk covered with needles. The branches are long and horizontal. The vegetation is bright green and very saturated. A few more shoots grow on each branch, but they become shorter over time, acquiring the appearance of lateral processes.
Young trees covered with dense needle needles. It has a width of only 1 millimeter, and reaches a length of 1-2 centimeters. When the specimen matures, the needles acquire a triangular shape resembling scales. They differ in greater width (2-4 mm) and shorter length (8-10 mm). It turns out that the needles, expanding, are shortened.
Differs in much larger sizes. Adult specimens can reach three or even four meters, but they rarely grow to a similar height in room conditions. This araucaria comes from Brazil, which is clear from the name.
This variety of monkey tree has a long stem with several whorled branches. It looks more like a palm tree than a representative of conifers. The crown is located at the top, resembles an umbrella. Lanceolate scales of dark green color at the ends turn into sharp spikes.
The needles are 5 millimeters wide and 3-6 centimeters long. It is denser on fertile branches. Narrow-leaved araucaria belongs to the dioecious. Cones grow up to a diameter of 20 centimeters.
A true miniature representative of the monkey trees, like the multi-leaved araucaria. An upright tree does not grow above 60 centimeters.
Another distinguishing feature is that the Chilean variety tolerates cold very well, since it naturally grows in highlands. The plant is able to survive temperatures down to -20 degrees Celsius, but not for a very long time.
In an adult specimen, the bark acquires a green tint. The branches fall, so the stem is often dotted with "scars". Needle scales are a concave triangle 1-3 cm wide and 3-4 cm long, distributed in a spiral fashion. Leaves are kept on twigs up to 15 years.
The most popular variety. It is a small Christmas tree, reaching a height of 90 centimeters. It looks especially beautiful in tubs. The trunk is even, and the top is dotted with whorls of twigs.
The needles covering the shoots are 1.5-2 cm wide and 6-12 cm long. They have pointed edges and slightly wider bases. The plant is monoecious. Male inflorescences appear on thin branches, and on thicker ones - oval-shaped cones with a diameter of 25 centimeters.
Monkey tree propagation
Araucaria is grown from seeds and cuttings. Both methods are widely used. However, when choosing seed, it should be borne in mind that seeds must be purchased from trusted suppliers. And if possible, it is better to take a cutting from an already adult specimen.
It is recommended to sow fresh, that is, no later than 2 months from the date of collection. Older seed is already becoming unsustainable. It is permissible to plant one or two seeds per pot. It is better to make several landings, because not everyone will ascend.
Plant seeds with a depth of a couple of centimeters in moist soil. Take either a sand-leaf or sand-peat mixture. Add some charcoal. Landing is kept at a temperature not higher than +20 degrees Celsius. The earth is regularly sprayed.
If the seeds are fresh, shoots appear in 2-8 weeks. No transplanting and picking is required. A seedling needs a new flowerpot only when the roots fill the space of the old container.
Top shoots are taken. They are cut in March or April. Cuttings should be semi-lignified. Cutting is done under the whorl. The resin that is released is removed. The tip of the cut is dipped in crushed charcoal.
Cuttings are treated with root. They are planted in small containers filled with peat-sand soil. Landing is covered with a transparent cap. It is kept at +25 degrees Celsius. Full rooting takes approximately 60 days.
When is Araucaria transplanted?
Transplantation should not be carried out frequently. It is best to carry out the procedure when the rhizome completely fills the old pot. Transplantation should begin with drying the soil in which the monkey tree grows. It is carried out in early spring.
The container is taken wider than the previous flowerpot. First, brick chips and shards are poured to the bottom, and then pre-prepared soil. The mixture is made from peat, sod land, sand, charcoal, leafy soil.
Transferring the monkey tree to a new container should be as careful as possible so as not to damage the rhizome. It is best to use the transshipment of an earthen coma, while preserving the old soil.
Features of care for room araucaria
Monkey tree does not require any special care or maintenance. The main thing is to put the pot with the plant in a well-lit place, but so that the direct rays of the sun do not fall on it.
In the summer, the pot should be taken out into the street, placing it in a place protected from precipitation and winds. The uniform development of the tree ensures the periodic rotation of the tub. Araucaria does not tolerate heat well. The optimum temperature in summer is +20, and in winter - from +10 to +15 degrees.
Information about the rarest endangered plant species of the world
Araucaria araucana, Monkey tree Araucaria araucana or Chilean pine is the oldest exotic coniferous tree that grows on the mountain slopes of the southern and central Andes (South America). The national tree of Chile is also called a "living fossil". Hard leaves of a rare coniferous plant are needle-shaped, evergreen.
Monkey tree Araucaria araucana has a characteristic semicircular crown, tree height 40 m, trunk diameter 2 m. It grows slowly, lives up to 1000 years. In large, up to 20 cm spherical cones of Araucaria araucana, there are up to 200 seeds - nuts, up to 4 cm in size. The taste of Araucaria araucana nuts resembles the taste of pine nuts.
The ability to survive in high mountain climates contributes to the spread of the Monkey tree as a nut crop in countries with cold oceanic summers.
However, to get the first harvest, you must wait at least 40 years.
Exotic tree since 1971 protected by international laws on the protection of endangered plant species.
Another name for the Araucaria Araucan is the Monkey Puzzle. appeared in 1850, when Chile pine was still rare in England. One of the young ladies, looking at a rare exotic tree, involuntarily said: "Climbing this tree for a monkey would be a real puzzle." So, the name "monkey puzzle tree" was assigned to the Chilean pine. Maybe the statement was not so ridiculous, since the bark of the Araucaria Araucan really resembles puzzle plates.
Dwarf araucaria grown at home. Like many conifers, araucaria purifies the air.
Baobab is one of the most amazing and ancient inhabitants of the flora of our planet.
Before my trip to Africa, I must admit that I knew little about baobabs. Although, of course, these trees fascinated me with their power in the pictures. But I was imbued with a special love for these trees already being in Africa. It happened shortly after I tried the unusual fruit of the baobab. Maybe they are magical?
Giant baobab trees rise above the savannas in Africa, inspiring involuntary respect and admiration. The locals consider the baobab a sacred tree. In the culture of many peoples of Africa there is a custom - each person must plant baobab seeds near his home.
I hope that the Africans who read Antoine de Saint-Exupéry are not offended by him because the writer chose the baobab as a veiled symbol of the ideas of fascism advancing on people's minds. The Little Prince dealt with baobabs on his planet very cruelly: " And now on the planet of the Little Prince there are terrible, evil seeds ... these are the seeds of baobabs. The soil of the planet is all infected with them. And if the baobab is not recognized in time, then you will not get rid of it. He will take over the entire planet. He will pierce it through with his roots. And if the planet is very small and there are many baobabs, they will tear it to pieces. "The Little Prince adds:" There is such a firm rule. You got up in the morning, washed your face, put yourself in order - and immediately put your planet in order. Be sure to weed out the baobabs every day ".
That's it. Someone considers it necessary to plant at least one baobab in their life, and someone makes it a rule to weed baobabs every day. It's good that the last one is a fairy tale. It looks like the Little Prince knew nothing about baobabs!
" Baobab is our everything! ", - any inhabitant of the African continent can say so. And he will be right.
Here are some useful facts about the undoubted benefits of this tree. The whole plant - from seeds to leaves and wood.
1. Baobab fruits.
They contain six times more vitamin C than oranges and outperform many dairy products in terms of calcium. Also, the fruits of this tree are rich in antioxidants, surpassing blueberries, blueberries, apples, and kiwi in this. Baobab fruit contains vitamins F, A, B, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, zinc, manganese, etc. Since ancient times, people have been using baobab for the treatment and prevention of a number of diseases: diarrhea, dysbacteriosis, gastritis. The use of these healthy fruits in food normalizes stools, reduces varicose veins, prevents anorexia and anemia, treats hemorrhoids, osteoporosis, and improves immunity. Fruit juice helps with eye diseases and feverish conditions.
Yes, and the baobab fruits can be perfectly adapted to the original cup, glass or just a vessel for water.
These fruits, up to 40 centimeters long, resemble large oblong cucumbers. Ripens in the dry season. "Cucumbers" are covered with gray-green felt-like pubescence, pleasant to the touch. Inside the fruit is sour, slightly astringent in the mouth, pulp. It is white or slightly pinkish in color, with many black seeds.
Baobab fruits are usually eaten raw. They also say they are used to prepare a dessert refreshing drink, which is called "meriss". The drink turns out to be similar to lemonade, therefore, among the people, the baobab is sometimes known as the "lemonade tree".
The fruits can be dried, ground into a powder, and the latter can be used in making bread. Due to the high content of calcium in fruits, fruits are especially recommended for use by women during pregnancy and lactation.
By the way, no contraindications have been found. One benefit of these fruits! This is why some scientists today call the baobab the Superfruit of the 21st century. Now in fashion both in Europe and in the United States, a medical preparation from the fruits of the baobab, referred to as "Baobab Life". In the absence of the opportunity to eat regularly fresh baobab fruits, this medical preparation can also be purchased from us.
But the monkeys saw through the usefulness of the fruits of the baobab even earlier than people and love these fruits very much. Therefore, the baobab is also called monkey breadfruit. The lips of monkeys are not stupid!
There are exceptions to all rules. Fishermen from some Zambian tribes, without denying the benefits of baobab fruits, try to exclude them from their diet. In an incomprehensible way, it is believed that if you eat a baobab, then crocodiles will swarm around your fishing boat.
2. Baobab seeds.
And they are edible. They have a lot of oil. Often they are eaten lightly fried. Also, if you roast them and then grind them, you can make a drink that tastes like coffee. However, apparently, useful qualities disappear when frying. Otherwise, the proverb would not have been born in Africa: " Do not fry baobab seeds, leave them to someone who has teeth to chew them ".
There is one more benefit from these seeds. If an arrow smeared with strophanthus hits you, then you need to quickly make an antidote from baobab seeds. And you are saved from the strongest poison with which Africans smear arrows! However, the likelihood of being a target for an arrow shot at you from a bow by an evil African is currently set to zero.0003
The seeds are very pretty, by the way. I also thought that they could be successfully adapted for some board games. For example, for mancala. This game is widely played in Kenya and Uganda. For it, a wooden board with recessed cells and a lot of game pieces of the same size are used. Why not use baobab seeds as tokens?
3. Baobab leaves.
Helps with fever. They are considered a means of reducing sweating. In Senegal, they like to use crushed bark and leaves instead of salt and pepper. Sauces, seasonings for food are prepared from them, they are used as a starter for dough.
If the fruits of the baobab are a favorite delicacy of the monkeys, then the elephants prefer branches and leaves in the baobab. Although the elephant with desire will eat everything else in the baobab, gradually splitting the tree into chips with the help of its powerful tusks. The wood of the tree serves as a source of calcium for elephants. In this tree, it is ten times more than in other plants. Sometimes the elephant becomes enraged and throws himself at the baobab tree. A strong animal often has the strength to knock down a tree, but sometimes a heavy giant baobab crushes the offender. However, cases of fights between elephants and baobabs are not so frequent. Apparently, the animal is driven at this moment by the torment of intense thirst. After all, this tree is able to accumulate huge reserves of water in the rainy season. Sometimes up to 120 thousand liters in one tree! The thick, spongy bark keeps water from evaporating quickly. Therefore, baobabs can be called a kind of living reservoirs, which is known not only to people, but also to animals.
4. Burnt fruit ashes.
Yes, yes, even if the fruit is not eaten, but burned, then in this case it will be useful. Soap of excellent quality is obtained from the ashes. "Persil" and "Stork" are just relaxing!
5. Baobab pollen.
Can be used to make glue.
Huge, 20 cm in diameter, solitary baobab flowers, with five petals and a bunch of numerous stamens, hang beautifully on long stalks.
However, few people manage to admire the baobab flowers. Flowers open one fine evening, once a year, during the rainy season. But their life is short. As soon as the sun rises, the flowers fade and wither. Only palm fruit bats, or the so-called flying dogs, can appreciate the nectar of baobabs. These representatives of bats are pollinators of these plants. Drawn by the musky smell of large white flowers, hundreds of flying dogs flock to the tree on such a night. Animals stick their muzzles into flowers, lick the juice, hanging on the branches. They fly from flower to flower, pollinating plants. Short African night! You gape - you won’t have time to eat delicious nectar for the future. An interesting fact is that all this horde of flying dogs are representatives of the male half of this species of fruit bats. This means that baobab flowers "can" secrete substances close to pheromones characteristic of female flying dogs.
6. Baobab bark and wood.
Famous Senegalese proverb " Helpless like an elephant tied with a baobab rope "does not need explanation. Durable ropes are made from strong fibers of the inner layer of the bark. Also, paper, fabrics, burlap, strings for folk musical instruments can be made from the bark and wood of the baobab. Local residents also manage to make dishes and even boats from wood. And this despite the fact that the wood of the tree and its thick bark are friable and soft in structure.They are so tender that even a punch can leave a dent in the tree.And a bullet fired from a rifle can even pierce through this giant of the savannah! They give strength to a tree and do not allow it to be vulnerable to life's adversities on a life path that sometimes stretches for millennia, those very strong fibers, about which there is a saying mentioned above. 0003
The bark of a baobab tree, even if it is bruised, tends to regenerate. So, in Zambia, some trees continue to grow even with spears stuck in the trunk. Why were spears stuck in trees? The fact is that people from the Ngoni tribe once believed that their enemies from the Biza tribe had the ability to turn into baobabs. Therefore, they pierced tree trunks with spears in the fight against the people of Biz.
Baobab bark is boiled and then newborn babies are washed with this water. This is how they do it in Africa to this day. It is believed that the bark will give the newly born crumbs vitality.
7. Baobab roots.
East African women use the red juice contained in the roots for cosmetic purposes - to give the skin softness and a beautiful healthy glow.
In general, this kind giant of the African savannas has long been giving people food, water, and medicine. And also blood.
Soft, water-saturated baobab wood often suffers from fungal diseases. As a result, the trunks of many mature trees form a cavity or hollow, thoroughly rotten from the inside. But such a fungal disease does not prevent the tree from living for hundreds or even thousands of years, giving shelter to people and animals.
David Livingston, a Scottish traveler, a famous explorer of Africa, in his diaries recalled that he saw 20-30 people sleeping sweetly inside a dry baobab trunk. And no one interfered with anyone - there was enough space for everyone.
Such baobabs can still be found in African expanses. Usually the baobab grows up to 20 meters in height and the same width.
However, some baobabs have incredibly huge trunks that inside the tree there can be a barn and even a dwelling for people.
It is said that in Kenya, on the Mombasa-Nairobi highway, there is a baobab, in the cavity of which a door and a window are made. It's like a house of refuge. We, driving along this road by hitchhiking, did not see this miracle. It remains to believe what is written.
In Tanzania, a gigantic tree with a cavity stands by the side of the road, which serves as a hall-station for people waiting for their bus. About 40 people can be at this "station" at the same time!
Near Kasane, Botswana, there is a baobab that was once used as a prison.
This baobab toilet was photographed at Kayila Lodge in Zambia.
The Sunland Baobab Bar is a famous giant tree in South Africa. This is one of the largest baobab trees on the continent, with a height of 22 meters. And to grab a baobab, you need to clasp 40 people with your hands! The tree is so big that an entire bar fits inside it! Well, isn't it entourage to drink a cup of coffee or a mug of beer inside a huge old tree? According to some estimates, the tree is already over 6,000 years old! The bar accommodates 15 people freely. Despite the huge hall inside the tree, the thickness of the walls of the bar is 2 meters. By the way, the trunk of this baobab is naturally hollow. And the bar has been popular since 1933 years. And before that, for several millennia, the tree probably served as a refuge for the Bushmen. A holy place is never empty.
There is a baobab in Namibia, in the hollow of which the locals have organized a bathhouse.
In ancient Senegal, griot storytellers were buried in baobab hollows. It was believed that if the body of a deceased griot was buried in a cemetery, then this would make the land barren forever. Griots are a special caste, they are troubadour singers, jesters, compilers of genealogies, but they can also be thieves and swindlers. Even until recently, in some hollows-graves of baobabs, skulls were found that had lain there for decades and were preserved in excellent condition. Thus, the trunk of a baobab can also serve as a reliable sarcophagus.
The baobab is also called the "Tree of Magic", because the baobab symbolizes strength, power, eternity. There are many legends and beliefs associated with this amazing tree. They say that whoever stands under the branches of the baobab tree will give everything that the person asks for. You just need to know how to ask correctly.
Since ancient times, shamans have been using baobab leaves as part of a potion to make wishes come true. Baobab bark, prepared according to special shamanic recipes, enhances the physical capabilities of a person who has taken a magical drink. Talismans are made from the bark of the baobab. Moreover, the baobab is multifunctional in its magical properties. Talismans from it help both in obtaining wealth and in gaining mutual love.
How can one not admire these beautiful giants of the African savannas?
These trees are also huge and immense as knowledge, wisdom. So they say among the people: " Knowledge is the trunk of a baobab, which cannot be hugged by one person ". Therefore, everything that I wanted to write about this amazing tree did not fit in one post - the amazing facts and legends about it are so immense. So I will continue the story about the baobab.
P.S. The photographs used in this post are taken from publicly available sources on the Internet.0003
My own impressions of the taste of baobab fruits can be found in or in the post about .
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How to grow a money tree at home?
- 0.1 Methods of reproduction of the beauty Crassules
- 0.2 Conditions and rules for growing fat men
- 0. 2.1 Ideal soil and proper pot
- 0.3 Dangerous diseases and pests
- 1 Origin
- 2 Appearance
- 3 Features of reproduction
- 4 How to plant processes of monetary tree: Guide to action
- 5 Recommendations for cultivation
- 6 Signs and superstitions
- 7 How to plant a monetary tree in house
- 7.1 How to transfer the monetary tree 9 properly care for the money tree
- 7.2.1 Where is it better to put the money tree in the apartment
- 7.3 Possible problems in caring for the money tree
- 8 Botanical characteristics
- 9 Popular species
- 10 Planting features
- 11 Growing conditions
- 12 Watering and fertilizing regimen
- 13 How to form a lush crown?
- 14 Methods of reproduction
- 15 Flower as a doctor
- 16 Problem moments when growing Crassula
- 16.1 Care for a monetary tree in the winter - video
CANTER - a plant owned . Other common names are Crassula and Crassula.
There are about 350 species of this succulent in nature. In indoor floriculture, the ovoid fat woman is common. Its oval leaves are dark green, fleshy. The trunk is lignified, thickened at the base. The plant is spreading and branched, it can reach a height of two or more meters. Learn how to grow a money tree at home from scratch.
- Methods of propagation of the beautiful crassula
- Conditions and rules for growing fat men
- Perfect soil and the right pot
- Location and regular care
- Crown formation and wintering
- Dangerous diseases and pests
How to propagate the beautiful Crassula
It is very easy to grow a homemade money tree on your own, even for a beginner grower. This can be done in several ways.
With extension. The rooting of the cuttings of the fat woman occurs quite quickly.
- Place a cutting 7-10 cm long in a container with water, removing about 3 cm of leaves from the bottom.
- Rooting stimulants, such as root, can be added to the water, but this is not at all necessary, since without any additives the stalk will take root in about a week.
- The resulting offshoot is planted in the ground.
Plant the shoot directly into the ground:
- The base is buried 2-3 cm into the soil for cacti or succulents, sprayed with water and, if necessary, a support is installed.
- The pot is chosen in small sizes, a layer of drainage is poured on the bottom.
- Roots appear quickly, within 1-2 weeks.
Using sheet . A money tree is grown from a leaf in the same way as from a cutting. First, I root the leaf in water, then plant it in the ground, or immediately plant the leaf in the ground and wait for the young shoots. The principle is the same as when growing violets from a leaf.
Conditions and rules for growing fat people
In order for the money tree, according to popular belief, to bring profit and improve financial well-being, it must be properly looked after. After all, as the legends say, only a healthy, powerful and properly formed plant has magical properties.
The perfect soil and the right pot
The best soil for Crassula is suitable soil for cacti and succulents. If a universal mixture is used, then a part of river sand is added to it in a ratio of 3: 1. If the soil has an acidic reaction, then dolomite flour is added to it - crassula does not grow well in an acidic environment.
The pot should be low and wide. Select the size of the pot based on the size of the plant. The diameter of the pot should be approximately equal to the diameter of the crown. The money tree grows equally well in earthenware and ceramic dishes, as well as in plastic pots. A few centimeters of drainage must be poured at the bottom of the tank.
Location and regular care
Fat girl prefers a bright and warm place. Perfect for growing it east side , but west and south are allowed. When grown on a southern windowsill, the tree must be shaded from scorching sunlight.
Every 2-3 weeks the pot should be rotated 1/4 of the axis towards the light source. It is necessary to protect the plant from drafts. They can cause leaves to fall. By the way, the toast is recommended as a plant for the bedroom, it is believed that its presence improves the relationship of the spouses.
The money tree should be watered regularly and plentifully. The earthen clod should not be allowed to dry out by more than 2-3 cm. The water should be at room temperature. In winter, watering is slightly reduced.
Feed Crassula with an all-purpose fertilizer or fertilizer for cacti and succulents. The frequency of top dressing in the spring-summer vegetative period is 1 time in 2-3 weeks. The rest of the time, fertilizers are not used.
Crown formation and wintering
To grow fat money tree , it is necessary to plant it in a small pot. When the whole earthen ball is braided with roots, the fat woman will begin to increase the mass of the trunk, and then the crown.
In order to stimulate the formation of lush crown , pinching is started when the young plant has a bud above four pairs of leaves. It is pinched so that after a while two shoots form in its place, which, in turn, pinch in a similar pattern.
Crassula does not have a pronounced dormant period. However, from October to February-March, it is desirable to keep the plant in a cooler place, the approximate temperature regime is 15-20 degrees. Watering is carried out when the earthen coma dries out by half.
Dangerous diseases and pests
The most common cause of Crassula disease is spider mite . In this case, the trunk, branches and leaves are covered with white cobwebs. Soap solution will help get rid of. A soft sponge is moistened with soap dissolved in water and wiped over all parts of the plant. In case of severe damage, it is worth using the drug "Fufanon".
If brown or rusty spots appear on the leaves of the money tree, then we can conclude that the infection is shield . The affected areas are wiped with a brush dipped in alcohol, then, as in the case of the spider mite, the leaves, branches and trunk are wiped with a sponge dipped in soapy water. Of the drugs, it is recommended to use Fufanon or Fitoverm.
White flakes in the leaf axils indicate an infestation with mealybug . In this case, the plant slows down growth, the shoots are deformed, and the leaves may fall off. If the lesions are small, then extraneous formations are brushed off. If a significant part of the plant is affected, then actellik must be used for treatment.
If the leaves have lost turgor, become lethargic and yellow, then there may be several reasons:
- One of the most common is insufficient watering. The pot is placed in a container with warm settled water for 15 minutes, then the excess moisture is allowed to drain.
- The second reason is decay. The leaves are wet. The plant is taken out of the pot, shake off the ground, inspect the roots and remove the damaged ones. The places of cuts are sprinkled with crushed coal. Plant a tree in fresh soil, reduce watering for a while.
- Yellowing and leaf drop can be caused by prolonged exposure to direct sunlight. To prevent this, the plant pot is removed deep into the room and sufficient watering is provided.
In the warm season, the money tree can be kept outdoors - used for a garden on a balcony or in landscape floriculture. It is important to ensure that the air temperature does not fall below 15 degrees and do not leave the plant in the rain.
Nastasya Vorob, an expert on home floriculture, told about how to properly grow a money tree from a shoot or a leaf. Tips for proper care of home plants are waiting for you in this section.
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Crassula, Crassula are the names of the same plant, which we Slavs know better as a money tree. This indoor flower is popular in many countries, and each nation calls it differently: in the Czech Republic - "house tree", in Poland - "tree of happiness", in Slovakia - "family tree". There is a belief that a fat woman brings prosperity and well-being to the house. But at the same time, it is argued that in order for the plant to perform its functions as a talisman as much as possible, it should not be bought from someone, it must be grown with your own hands. How to plant shoots of a money tree? What are the rules for taking care of them? All this is in this article. Focusing on the information offered here, everyone will be able to grow a beautiful houseplant in their home.
Crassula is a member of the succulent family. This is an ornamental deciduous plant, although at home it blooms very rarely. The birthplace of the money tree is Africa. There are several varieties of it in the wild nature of hot countries. The most common among lovers of indoor flowers in our country are the tree-like crassula (Crassula arborescens) and the silver crassula (Crassula argentea). We will learn about how this plant looks like, how to properly plant a money tree, from the next part of the article.
Crassula resembles a tree in its structure. While the plant is young, its trunk is green. Over time, it becomes covered with a thin layer of bark and acquires a gray tint, like any other tree. The leaves are fleshy and dense. This is due to the fact that, like all succulents, this type of plant collects a supply of moisture in them. The color of the leaves of Crassula is dark green, with a silvery sheen. Their shape is oval or round, which is associated with coins, which, in fact, explains the popular name of the plant. On the leaves of the fat woman, along their edge, from time to time small shoots with roots appear. They can be removed and transplanted into the ground. If this is not done, then the processes fall under the trunk and independently take root at the foot of the plant. How to plant shoots of a money tree? All recommendations in this regard are given below. We read and find out.
Peculiarities of propagation
Crassula can be propagated in several ways: cuttings, leaves and seeds. The last method is the most laborious. As already mentioned, this plant very rarely blooms at home, so it is almost impossible to collect seeds from it. But even if you succeed, it will be even more troublesome to germinate them. But if you really want to get crassula from seeds, try to do it. With the investment of a certain amount of time, effort, patience and diligence, your work will give its results - a small green stalk, which will later turn into a large and beautiful tree. A fat woman grown from seeds by your caring hands will certainly bring happiness and wealth to the house.
It is much easier to propagate the money tree by shoots or leaves, which is recommended for beginner growers. We will talk about the rules for performing these procedures in more detail below.
How to plant shoots of a money tree: a guide to action
So, in your hands is a freshly cut twig of a fat woman or a leaf from it. What to do next? You can immediately plant them in a prepared pot. But in order to know for sure that the plant will take root, it is better to put the shoot in a container with clean water and wait until it takes root.
Buy soil for planting Crassula that is recommended for cacti. Or universal. You can also cook it yourself. To do this, you will need soddy land and sand (1 part each), leafy earth (3 parts), a pinch of humus, ash and brick chips. All these components are thoroughly mixed and poured into a pot, at the bottom of which lies drainage.
It is desirable to prepare a ceramic or clay pot, but if they are not available, plastic ones can also be used. It is better to choose a large and deep container so that the root system develops well and can hold a fairly heavy plant.
How to plant the shoots of the money tree? At the bottom of the tank, where there is already drainage, pour the soil (1/2 part). Place the shoots of the money tree in the container. Holding them with one hand, fill the soil around them with the other. Make sure that the seedling, if there is one, is in the middle of the pot. When planting several processes at once in a long container, place them at the same distance from each other. When the shoot is planted, water it with room temperature water.
If you have germinated not a whole stalk, but a leaf, or you want to plant a “baby” shoot that has fallen from an adult plant, then pour all the prepared soil into a pot, and then make a small depression in it. Place a small shoot there and sprinkle with earth. How to plant a money tree, you learned. Next, we deal with the rules for caring for him.
Crassula should be watered frequently during warmer months. In winter, this is done as the soil dries out, about 1 time per month. Be careful not to overdo it with water, because excess moisture will cause the plant to begin to rot from under the root and die. It is not required to spray the fat woman daily, but it is necessary to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth once a week.
The temperature in the room where the plant is located should not exceed 22 degrees. The fat woman loves the light, but at the same time she must be protected from the direct rays of the sun.
Signs and superstitions
Everything is clear about how to plant a money tree. The following is a discussion of popular beliefs associated with this plant. One of them is as follows. To keep luck and money in the house, you can not give a stranger a plant grown by your own hands. Whether this is true or not, no one can say for sure. People's opinions are divided on this. Some confirm this fact, motivating by the fact that they have already tested the effect of the omen from their own experience. Others say that if you give a fat woman to a person wholeheartedly, then you will be rewarded with even greater happiness and wealth for your kindness and generosity. Therefore, whether it is possible to give shoots of a money tree is up to you to decide. If you think about a gift in the form of this plant in advance, then you can specially plant a cutting and grow it by the desired date. From this, your own tree will not suffer in any way, and prosperity and good luck will not decrease in your house.
How to properly plant a money tree (fat tree) from a sprout into a pot and take care of it at home so that money can be brought into the house: feng shui and advice from flower growers.
Crassula as a means to attract money
Money tree, breadfruit tree, tree of happiness - what beautiful names flower growers have come up with for a plant that is correctly called crassula (crassula).
This tree with a thick trunk and oval dense leaves is so unique that it has both decorative, magical and medicinal properties.
According to the Feng Shui recommendations for attracting money, a fat woman improves financial well-being, brings peace and good luck to the house. The money tree is a talisman that activates the well-being zone and attracts prosperity to the house. Crassula attracts money, works like a magnet for them. Its leaves look like shiny coins.
The plant is also believed to purify the air in the home and kill bacteria. Where Crassula grows, there will always be a favorable atmosphere.
The juice of its leaves is recommended by some in the treatment of various diseases. However, we must remember that it is impossible to eat the leaves of a fat woman: they contain arsenic, which can cause poisoning!
Types of money tree
There are many varieties of crassula, which differ in appearance. Among them there are ampelous, ground cover, bushy and tree-like forms.
The most popular varieties among flower growers are Crassula ovata and Crassula lycopsus. Both species are succulents and are completely different from each other.
Crassula lycopsus is grown only in greenhouses and winter gardens, while Crassula ovata grows quite successfully at home.
How to properly plant a money tree in the house
Crassula is not a capricious flower that requires painstaking care and reverent attention.
How to plant a shoot of a money tree in a pot
First of all, let's figure out how to properly propagate the fat woman, so that, taking a shoot from friends or acquaintances, you can easily plant it in a pot in your home.
The money tree is propagated by seeds or cuttings. Seeds are sown in shallow containers with drainage holes, then covered with polyethylene. The subsequent care of seedlings consists in regular airing and spraying. After 2-3 weeks, the first shoots will sprout. This method of breeding a fat woman is quite complicated.
Crassula propagating by cuttings is much easier. The stalk can be rooted in water or immediately planted in the ground. The shoot of the money tree is planted in a pot to a depth of about 5 cm. Some flower growers believe that when cuttings are planted in March or April, the likelihood that the fat woman will bloom in the future increases. And if you plant a crassula in the middle of summer, there will be less chance of it.
Like all plants, it is recommended to plant the jade on the waxing moon.
How to choose the right flowerpot for the money tree
The fat woman has a rather massive ground part, which means that a wide and low pot with good stability is better for this flower. This choice of flowerpot is also due to the fact that Crassula has a superficial root system. For successful drainage of water into the pan, there should be small holes at the bottom of the pot.
Of course, it is not necessary to immediately plant a shoot of a money tree in a large flowerpot. To begin with, a small pot is enough, but as the flower grows, it must be transplanted into a more suitable flowerpot.
How to replant a money tree
To replant a grown Crassula flower, you need to take a pot of a suitable size, fill it a third with a drainage layer (for example, from pieces of coal or crushed brick), then fill it with earth. Transplantation is carried out by the method of transshipment of an earthen coma. So the plant will more easily tolerate this procedure. After that, the soil is filled up to the top.
In the process of transplanting, you need to carefully examine the root system of the flower. Rotting roots, indicating an excess of moisture, must be removed. After that, the crassula is left for a day to dry.
How to choose the ground for planting a fat woman
Planting a money tree should be carried out in the ground for succulents, to which this plant belongs. The flower feels best in soddy land. The soil that is used for growing cacti is suitable, but the fat woman is also successfully planted in universal soil.
If desired, you can make your own potting mix. To do this, flower growers are advised to mix one part of sand, humus and leafy soil, adding four parts of sod land.
How to plant a money tree in order to have money in the house?
In order to always have money in the house, when transplanting into a pot with a fat woman, you need to put a coin, and tie its branches with red ribbons. It’s good if a fat woman grows in your apartment, but it’s important to learn how to accumulate money correctly. You can do this even with a small salary.
How to take care of a money tree
Growing a money tree at home is not laborious and very interesting. This flower comes from hot countries, so it needs to provide conditions as close to tropical as possible. In spring and summer, Crassula has a growing season, and winter is a dormant time. The main care for the money tree at home is to follow the following rules.
How to water the money tree?
Many flower growers have a question, how to properly water the money tree? The first rule: you can not allow the gulf of a fat woman. Too much moisture is detrimental to her. Over-watering can cause roots to rot and leaves to fall off. In the warm season, the plant can be watered twice a week, with the onset of cold weather, watering is reduced to a minimum. In order not to flood the money tree, before each watering, you need to check the condition of the soil at a depth of 3-4 centimeters. If the land is dry there, you can safely water the crassula.
In case of non-compliance with the irrigation regime and excessive soil moisture, the root system is susceptible to fungal attack. In this case, you can save the money tree if you take it out of the pot together with an earthen clod, dry it thoroughly and treat it with a special solution from fungi.
However, Crassula can also suffer from lack of moisture! Ideally, the land with a flower should be slightly moist.
We wipe the leaves of the fat woman - we attract money!
Flower growers advise occasionally wiping the leaves with a damp cloth to remove dust and spraying them with water from a spray bottle. It would be optimal to give Crassula a warm shower once a week. In winter, such a "wash" can be arranged once a month.
The water should be warm, but not hot. To prevent moisture from entering the soil, you can cover the ground in a pot with ordinary cling film. You can not take a wet fat woman to its place. Let the water drain a little.
Where is it better to place a money tree in an apartment? In addition, in this case, the top layer of earth in the pot will dry out very quickly.
The plant will thrive on a windowsill on the southeast side, where there will always be light but no sun. With the onset of spring, many flower growers put it on the floor of the balcony, and in winter - on the windowsill on the south side.
Insufficient lighting can cause the plant stem to stretch, resulting in an ugly shape. To prevent this, the fat woman must be placed on window sills, especially in poorly lit rooms.
Crassula is suitable for temperatures ranging from 20 to 25 degrees in summer. But in winter, the flower will need a decrease in temperature to 10 - 15 degrees. It is allowed to decrease to 6 degrees of heat. If it is not possible to place the plant in winter in a room with such a temperature, then at least the flower should be removed from the battery.
A negative consequence of an incorrect temperature during the dormant period can be the stretching of the crassula trunk and the fall of the leaves located below. Leaves can also fall off if there is a constant draft in the room where the money tree pot is. Of course, the fat woman needs constant ventilation, but drafts should not be allowed to appear. They will only hurt.
The money tree needs to be fed!
As top dressing for Crassula, universal preparations or additives for succulents are most often used. To better absorb nutrients, plants are fertilized only after watering.
Fertilization is carried out during the growing season - in spring and summer with a frequency of 1 time per month. In the autumn-winter period, feeding is carried out 1 time in 3 months.
Formation of the crown of the crassula
To create a uniform and symmetrical shape, the crusadus is rotated around its axis in the light. But to form a beautiful crown, the flower still has to be cut a little.
To form a crown, you need to wait until four new leaves appear on the plant, and a new bud begins to form. It must be pinched off by gently twisting it with your hands or with miniature tweezers.
Each branch of the money tree should have no more than three or four pairs of leaves. When the tree grows up, its top will also need to be pinched off.
If the moment when four leaves have already grown is missed and new leaves appear, pruning will help. It is necessary to cut the branch over the 4th pair of leaves. The cut is covered with activated carbon powder.
Possible problems in caring for the money tree
Many flower growers complain that the leaves of the fat woman fall off or wither. What can be wrong?
Excessive watering causes the leaves to darken, discolor or fall off.
Foliage discoloration to dirty yellow can also be caused by a fungal disease from waterlogging the soil.
Irrigation with cold water is another reason why tropical flowers develop diseases.
The appearance of brown spots on the foliage indicates a lack of moisture.
Rotting at the base of the stem is a sure sign that the root system of the plant is rotting. In this case, the apical part of the plant is cut off, and the flower is grown in a new way.
Money tree pests
Crassula is a hardy and pest-resistant plant. However, there are quite a few pests that attack the Crassula:
Shchitovka - forms brownish or yellow spots on the leaves. Methods of treatment: "Fufanon", "Fitoverm", soap solution.
Spider mite - forms cobwebs between leaves and stems. Methods of treatment: garlic infusion, tobacco infusion, soap solution.
Mealy bug - forms a whitish coating on the leaf axils. Methods of treatment: a thick solution of laundry soap, insecticides.
Does the money tree bloom?
Crassula flowering is a rare phenomenon, so not every flower grower can see it. Therefore, it is widely believed that the money tree does not bloom. But it is not.
During the flowering period, the plant is densely covered with small flowers of white, light pink or greenish color, depending on the variety. They emit a pleasant sweet aroma.
The flowering period begins at the stage of plant growth in spring and lasts 2-3 months. You should not hope that the fat woman will bloom in the first years after planting. It can produce flowers after 8 or even 10 years. Or it may not bloom at all, despite the fact that he was given proper and timely care.
Flower growers believe that lack of lighting prevents the flowering of the money tree. This is a feature of our climate.
There is a sign: if the money tree grows well and grows stronger, wealth is not far off, and if it wilts and its leaves fall, this promises problems with money.
However, it is not necessary to believe in omens. If you properly care for the money tree, it can be an excellent decoration for any room, it will delight you with beauty for a long time and bring warmth and comfort to the house.
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Among flower growers, especially beginners, unpretentious indoor plants are very popular, which do not require constant attention, but at the same time are able to have a beautiful decorative look. One of these flowers is the money tree - caring for it at home is as simple and not complicated as possible, but in response, the bush will please with a lush green crown and active growth. What is this plant, and how to grow it, we will talk about this in detail today.
The money tree is a Crassula family from the genus Crassula and came to us from distant Africa. The hot climate in the homeland of the plant also determines the nature of the succulent: in conditions of high temperature and rare precipitation, it is forced to accumulate moisture in the shoots and leaves in order to provide itself with life-giving power in the intervals between rains. And for this, both shoots and leaf plates simply have to be thick and fleshy.
The money tree has other names, among them: crassula, fat woman, dollar or monkey tree.
Crassula or money tree can have a very diverse form. There are both tiny specimens a few centimeters high and real trees up to 4 m tall. The main group of crassula is represented by perennials, but annual species also have a place to be in nature. Most plants have succulent shoots and leaf plates of the same structure, painted green with a blue, yellow or red tint and a matte finish. In tree-like specimens, the stems are lignified, but both groups are characterized by thickened powerful shoots, while the central trunk becomes covered with a grayish bark over time.
The bush has good branching ability and develops a lush rounded crown over time, but the root system is surprisingly small. Short roots are hidden under the soil layer and often they simply cannot withstand the total mass of the plant, and it collapses, especially if planted in too loose soil.
The plant is called a money tree due to the shape of the leaves in some species - they look like round coins.
The lush crown of the fat woman is very decorative in itself, but when bunches of white semi-umbellate inflorescences bloom on it, the blossoming money tree becomes a decoration of the house. It is a pity that it is rare to see such an unsurpassed spectacle, especially at home. And in nature, plants bloom only at the age of 11 with the advent of autumn or before winter.
Crassula genus is very numerous and includes up to 5 hundreds of succulents. There are among them both cultures growing in the form of a tree, and creeping plants, and even moisture-loving species that prefer to live in aquarium conditions. As an indoor flower, a tree-like fat woman is most often grown - a lush, well-branched bush with thick, bare shoots and fleshy, flat, egg-shaped leaves. The leaves may be covered with a dull coating or have a bluish tint.
As home flower crops, there are also such varieties of the money tree, the photo of which is presented in the description:
- Purslane crassula. It differs in the shape and color of the leaves: they are bright green, with a glossy sheen, more like an ellipsis, the middle of the plate is thicker than the edges. Shoots eventually become tree-like and thick, and the bark becomes wrinkled. The height of the bush itself can reach 2 m.
- Lycopsula Crassula. The original plant without a trunk, consisting of many straight branches, on which densely, in 4 rows, small greenish-yellow leaves in the form of triangles are located. With age, the branches hang from the pot.
- Milky Crassula. Differs in creeping shoots with ovate green leaves with a sharp tip into a white dot along the edges.
- Crassula Cooper. Shoots decumbent, elongated green leaves completely covered with red dots.
- Crassula tetrahedral. Semi-shrub, thin shoots, leaves look like narrow thick needles.
Features of planting
In order for the bush to actively grow the aerial part, you need to know how to plant a money tree correctly, as well as what kind of soil and pot it needs to pick up. The choice of a pot is determined by the characteristics of the root system and the plant itself. Lightweight plastic containers are not suitable for this flower, since the mass of the aerial part is several times greater than the “power” of the roots. The flowerpot must be heavy and stable enough, otherwise, under the weight of the crassula, it will turn over or the flower will be uprooted.
Preference should be given to wide bowls - in deep "cauldrons" the root will also go deep, as a result of which the trunk will stretch and weaken.
Particular attention should be paid to the choice of soil, giving preference to a moisture- and breathable substrate with a fairly “heavy” structure, because a loose soil mixture will not be able to keep an adult specimen in an upright position. The best option would be a purchased mixture for succulents or an equivalent ratio of such components:
- sod land;
- leaf ground;
Crassula should be planted singly to grow a large shrub.
Every 2-3 years, the growing plant needs to be transplanted by transshipment, changing the flowerpot and the ground. It is imperative to lay drainage at the bottom of the container, and if the fat woman has grown very long roots during this time, they can be cut.
Caring for the money tree at home initially consists in creating conditions for the flower that are as close as possible to the natural habitat of the plant. These include:
- Lighting. So that the bush does not stretch out, and its shoots do not fall, it is necessary to put the pot on the southeast window sill. There, the fat woman and the light will be enough, and direct rays will not be able to damage him. It is better to avoid the southern windows in the summer, because the foliage can fade and fall from an excess of sun, but in winter this is the most suitable place.
- Air temperature. For the summer, it would be nice to take the flowerpot to the summer veranda - the money tree flower loves fresh air very much. With the advent of winter, the plant should choose a cool room with a temperature not higher than 15 degrees Celsius. When wintering in a warmer room, the bush will not disappear, but will partially shed its leaves.
- Air humidity. As a tropical plant, the fat woman does not need high humidity and feels good in dry air. To remove dust, the leaves can either be sprayed or wiped with a damp sponge.
Money tree - a flower with a character that requires constancy. It is able to grow in almost any conditions, but does not tolerate permutations.
Watering and fertilizing regime
Money tree at home is easy to grow, and caring for it, first of all, consists in observing the watering regime. Like all succulents, the flower is very sensitive to stagnation of water in the soil, so it is important to prevent overflow. The consequences of missing moisture will be less deplorable: the leaves will go limp, the branches will sag, but after watering everything will rise together. But if the bush is regularly poured, it will simply rot.
Depending on the season, the frequency of watering also fluctuates:
- in spring, abundant soil moisture once a week is enough for the flower;
- in summer, when it is hot, more frequent watering will be needed - up to 2 times a week;
- in winter, especially when the fat woman is kept cool, it should be watered no more than once every three weeks.
It is impossible to water the money tree at home with cold water, otherwise it will shed its leaves.
As for top dressing, all the nutrients necessary for a flower are contained in fertilizer for cacti (in liquid form). Again, there is no need to overdo it: the maximum number of dressings falls on the summer (twice a month), in spring and autumn they are halved, and in winter they are completely canceled.
Crassula must be fertilized on damp soil (after watering), in half the concentration indicated on the package.
How to form a lush crown?
The money tree branches well by itself, but pruning can make the bush even more branched and rounded. It is necessary to start from "childhood", when the young plant reaches no more than 20 cm in height.
Use scissors or just nails to remove the topmost leaves. Very soon, new shoots will form at this place. In the future, this procedure is carried out on all branches that grow straight and are in no hurry to branch, giving the bush the desired shape.
Methods of reproduction
At home, the money tree is most often propagated by cuttings or leaves. They are rooted in water with further transplantation into a nutrient soil mixture or immediately in the ground.
Those who like to experiment can try to propagate the fat woman in seedlings. To do this, the seeds are sown in a mixture of sand and earth in proportions of 1: 2 and kept under glass until germination in a bright place. The grown seedlings dive into small pots.
A flower as a doctor
Everyone has heard about the magical power of Crassula to attract wealth and success to the owner, but besides this, the money tree also has healing properties. First of all, it cleans the air well from harmful substances, acting as a filter. In addition, fatty juice:
- rub the joints with arthritis;
- gargle for sore throat or sore gums;
- make lotions for cuts, bruises or wounds.
The therapeutic use of the money tree is exclusively external. It is impossible to ingest juice or medicines prepared on the basis of leaves or shoots, since they contain arsenic in a dangerous concentration for humans.
Problematic moments when growing crassula
In general, Crassula is a flower with good immunity and more rarely, but unpleasant situations still happen to her. Most of them are associated with improper care and most often this is the fall of the leaves of the money tree. If you notice that every day under a bush on the windowsill there are fallen leaves, the cause of leaf fall should be looked for in the following:
- irrigation with cold water;
- missed or poor watering;
- The room temperature is too high.
With an excess of moisture, the roots and trunk of the plant rot.
Crassula can be attacked by pests:
- Shchitovka. Signs of defeat: brown growths on leaves and shoots, the latter fade as a result.