How to grow peepal tree from seeds

How to Grow Peepal Tree Bonsai • India Gardening

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Did you know that peepal trees can also be kept in a stubby form? Here are all the details on

How to Grow Peepal Tree Bonsai to keep them in rooms!

Peepal is quite a popular tree in India and also has many medicinal uses and health benefits. If you want to keep it indoors, then you can do it easily by training it in a bonsai form. Here’s all you need to know about How to Grow Peepal Tree Bonsai.

Check out the amazing medicinal uses of the Peepal tree here

Propagating a Peepal Tree Bonsai

Peepal tree bonsai can be propagated in three ways – seeds, and stem cuttings

  • Seed Propagation

It is easy to grow Peepal tree bonsai through seeds. All you have to do is sow them in a pot and keep it in a location with bright indirect light. Once the seeds germinate, you can transfer the pot to a brighter location.

  • Stem Cuttings

Take 6-8 inches cutting from a healthy plant and remove the bottom leaves.  Put the stem in rooting hormone and plant it into the soil. Keep it moist and make sure the plant receives plentiful light.

How to Make a Peepal Tree Bonsai?

Do keep in mind that bonsai is not a variety or type of a peepal tree. It is how you train a regular Peepal into becoming a bonsai. Also, as an additional step, you can bend its flexible branches whichever way you like by using wires to give them interesting shapes. Be cautious of not cutting the stems off in this process.

For more details, check out a detailed video here. 

Growing Requirements of Peepal Tree Bonsai


Being a tropical plant, Peepal loves sun and warmth so eep it in an area where it can receive plenty of direct/filtered sunlight, like a balcony, windowsill, or a porch. However, overexposure to the direct afternoon sun can affect its health and kill it.


A rich and well-drained soil is perfect for this bonsai. Ensure that it is not tightly packed in the pot, as this may prevent the roots from growing.


The soil has to be maintained moist at all times. So, if you feel the topsoil getting dry, water it thoroughly till it drains out of the drainage holes.

Temperature & Humidity

As mentioned earlier, Ficus Religiosa loves warmth and moisture as it is a tropical plant. It can tolerate temperature above 16℃. However, it cannot tolerate freezing temperatures or draughts, so prefer to keep it indoors during harsh winters, especially if you live in the extreme northern parts of India.

Taking Care of Peepal Tree Bonsainestreeo


Fertilize the plant with organic feed once every 2-4 weeks during the growing period. Do refer to the label for dosage and instructions. Avoid fertilizing the plant in winters. Once the tree establishes, you don’t have to fertilize it much.

Pests and Diseases

Thankfully, in the Indian growing conditions, the plant is not susceptible to pests. Avoid wetting the foliage unnecessarily to avoid any possible chances of diseases.


Prune the plant as required to give it a good shape. Snip off a few leaves every time the foliage starts to grow extensively – this will keep the bonsai in control.

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Peepal Tree: Complete Information About Ficus Religiosa

Peepal Tree or Ficus Religiosa is commonly known as Sacred Fig in English. Peepal is the Hindi name of Ficus Religiosa. Peepal tree is native to the Indian subcontinent and regions around this area. It is mainly a warm climate tree. Peepal tree is also known as Bodhi Tree, Bo Tree, Pippala Tree, Piplo, Jari, Piparo, Pipalo, Peepul Tree, Pimpal, Pippal, Pipal Tree, Buddha Tree, Ashwattha Tree, Ashwarthan, Arasamaram, Arasan, Arasu, Arara etc. It belongs to the fig family of plants. It is of the plant genus Ficus (Moraceae).

Peepal or Ficus Religiosa is considered holy in some religions like Hinduism, Jainism & Buddhism. It is worshipped by many in these religions.

It is believed that Gautam Buddha was enlightened under a Peepal Tree. Hence many people follow the same practice and meditate under Peepal Tree. Therefore this tree was named Bodhi Tree.

Ficus Religiosa grows abundantly in countries like India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, etc. Peepal Tree is a tropical tree and needs a warm climate and full sun to grow. They are also grown in Iran, Venezuala & Florida nowadays.

Sacred fig likes dry climate. It is a deciduous/semi-evergreen tree known for its spread and grand structure it takes when fully mature.

Ficus Religiosa is the scientific name of the Peepal Tree.


Peepal Tree Classification

The peepal tree has been classified as an environmental weed with a very high invasive score. It is highly invasive because it adapts to various types of soil conditions, temperatures, altitudes, etc., and can grow almost everywhere if not controlled. The growth rate of Ficus Religiosa is high and therefore they develop and spread very quickly.

Peepal tree does not have any aerial roots unlike Banyan tree.

Soil & Growth Conditions

Sacred Fig grows well in sandy loam soil which is well-drained although it can grow in a wide variety of soils. If you live in a tropical region, you must have seen Peepal trees growing in the crevices of the floors or roofs or rocks.

They prefer soil with having a pH below 7. They can be grown indoors but they are essentially outdoor plants by nature.

Temperature Requirement for Ficus Religiosa

Peepal trees require a temperature between 0 degrees C to 36 degrees C to grow optimally. They survive in extreme climates however the growth reduces or is stunted in those conditions. In India, it grows at an altitude of up to 1,520 m (4,990 ft).

Sacred Fig likes hot & humid climatic conditions.

Peepal Tree Leaf

The leaves of Sacred Fig or Ficus Religiosa are heart-shaped with a dripping tip as shown in the image below.

A peepal tree leaf can be 11 to 17 cm long and 7 to 11 cm wide. When dry, the leaves leave behind a structure of the plant’s veins and plants cells. Each leaf has around 5-7 veins. This is used by many to make art and crafts.

Many people use them as drawing boards to create beautiful paintings.

Apart from artistic values, peepal tree leaf has many other uses and applications:

  1. They help to treat skin itching.
  2. For healing cracked heels.
  3. Treating skin acne and rashes.
  4. They are used to feed elephants and camels.

The newly developed leaves are pinkish-red in color. The tree partially shed its leaves in the autumn or during the November-December months.

They develop in a spiral structure and they are mostly ovate in shape.

Fruit of Peepal Tree / Bodhi Tree / Ficus Religiosa

The fruit of the peepal tree is a fig that is green in the initial stages of development. It turns purple-black in color when ripe. It is 1/2 inch in diameter, circular and compressed.

Peepal tree flowers in February & fruits in the month of May (in India) or in the summer season and ripes in the rainy season. The figs always grow in pairs. The new leaves appear in the month of April (India).

Ripe fruits of this tree are consumed to reduce burning sensation and to improve poor appetite.

The fig fruits are actually false fruits (multiple fruits) for the reason that they are an enclosure to multiple flowers and seeds growing together.

The flowers are pollinated by fig wasps who enter the fruit crevices in search of a suitable place to lay eggs.

The fruits are laxatives and latex is used as tonic.

The figs are eaten by birds as fodder.

The bark of Sacred Fig is greyish brown in color and peels off in the form of patches.

Peepal Tree Bonsai

Ficus Religiosa can be converted into a beautiful Bonsai over years. It attains a spectacular shape and structure when it becomes a mature bonsai. It gives you the feel of a forest or of the wild.

Watch this video to learn how you can make a bonsai of Peepal Tree plant.

Peepal Tree Lifespan

The average age of the peepal tree is between 900 to 1500 years. Ficus Religiosa has a very long lifespan. There are Sacred Figs that are known to be around 3000 years old (oldest trees in the world)

It is a perennial tree.

Height of Sacred Fig

Ficus Religiosa or Sacred Fig can grow up to a height of 30m (98 ft). The diameter of the trunk can grow up to 3m (9.8 ft) in width.

Propagation of Peepal Tree / Ficus Religiosa

Sacred figs can be grown by sowing seeds or by cuttings.

The seeds are normally scattered or dispersed by fruit eating birds and insects.

They shed their leaves in the months of March & April (in India) during the spring season

Benefits of Ficus Religiosa / Sacred Fig

Many of us would have heard this question “Does Peepal Tree release oxygen at night ?”. And the answer is YES.

Unlike many other trees, the Peepal tree gives oxygen at night.

It is planted as a roadside tree and for avenue plantation for the broad canopy and shade that it provides.

Roots of Peepal Tree

The roots of the Peepal Tree penetrate the soil very deep. Peepal tree is an Epiphyte. It has a smothering growth when grown with other plants. However, it is not a parasite. It does not starve the host plant. It takes nutrition from air and rainfall untill the roots develop and reach the ground.

The roots fuse with stem to form a thick stem system.

The roots gradually cover the host system where it grows and hence is is named strangler fig.

Peepal Tree Significance

Sacred fig is a symbol of the never-ending expanse of the universe and is hence revered in Hindu culture. For the same reason, it is known as the Tree Of Life.

In Buddhism, Peepal Tree is treated as a personification of Buddha and hence the leaves of this tree are used for religious purposes.

Peepal Tree is a symbol of enlightenment and peace for many.

Hindus believe it is the tree below which Lord Vishnu was born.

Ficus Religiosa is also a symbol of fertility. Hence it is worshipped by women in Indian villages.

Because of its sacred nature, it is normally planted in Hindu temple premises.

Peepal Tree Plantation

A man famously known as ” Peepal Baba” has planted over 1.25 cr Peepal trees in India and over 20 million trees in total.

Since there are religious sentiments attached to a Peepal plant, people normally do not uproot them. This provides them natural protection from being cut down by human beings.

You can take any stray plant from the roof or walls and plant them in pots.

Germination from seeds take time. The fig fruit wall is normally ingested by birds and animals and the seeds are then excreted out of the digestive system of these animals and birds when they get activated and germinate. The fruit wall of fig is very hard and hence does not easily germinate when planted directly in soil.

Can We Keep Peepal Tree At Home?

Many consider Peepal Tree as bad as according to Vastu, they create hindrance in progress and bring day-to-day problems to the family.

However, there is a scientific reason for not growing this plant in homes. And that is because the roots of the Peepal tree penetrate the soil or the host structure very deeply. It can starve the surrounding trees or plants of essential nutrients.

Since the roots penetrate deep, they can weaken the foundation of the building or your house if allowed to grow uncontrolled.

Another reason is they grow really big and take a lot of space in your garden leaving a little room for other plants. Peepal tree forms a very big canopy of branches and leaves when mature therefore depriving the low-height plants and trees of required sunlight.

If you do not believe in Vastu Shastra, you can very well grow them in pots or make bonsai out of them as they look stunning when the tree is mature.


Glyphosate is used as a herbicide to contain or stop unwanted growth of Sacred fig on roofs and in floor crevices. It is sold under many names such as Accord, Glypro, Round up, etc.

Liquid Hydrogen Peroxide is also used to disintegrate the cell walls of Peepal plant and inhibit its growth.

You can also try sprinkling salt water around the root area of the plant to stop the growth.

Another method is to pour Kerosene.

A natural way is to pour sugar water around the roots and ants will take care of the rest.

You can try any of the above methods whichever works best for you.

Uses of Peepal Tree

Sacred fig has multiple uses and applications:

  • It has many medicinal properties. It is used to treat a number of infections and inflammations like asthama, diabetes, snake bites, skin diseases, kidney diseases, etc.
  • Sacred fig has many applications is Ayurveda stream of medicine.
  • The leaves of Ficus Religiosa has Glucose, Mennos, Phenolic and Asteriod stored in them (medicinal uses).
  • The bark of this tree has good amounts of vitamin K.
  • Peepal tree fruit (fig) is used as a bead to revere Gods in Hindu temples.
  • Peepal tree is cultivated to harvest its fruit.
  • A reddish dye is extracted from the bark of Ficus Religiosa. Bark is used in tanning.
  • It is used as Firewood.

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How to grow a tree from seeds?

How it turned out that some trees are more profitable to buy not in the nursery, but grow your own from seed. This method of reproduction has certain benefits.

Firstly, savings - seedlings are much more expensive than seeds, and if you wish, you can even collect them yourself.

Secondly, there is an opportunity to get more planting material.

Thirdly, growing trees from seed produces seedlings that are better adapted to the local climate.

Fourthly, seedlings of rare trees are not always easy to find, with seeds in this regard it is much easier.

This The article will tell you how to grow a tree from seeds. It will also introduce you to species of trees that are easier to propagate in this way, explain how do exactly that.

Let's start with the white locust. Winter-hardy forms of this tree can be found in city parks and in yards, and even cottages.

Its seeds, ripe for sowing, can be assembled by yourself in early November. Then, placing them in plastic bag, leave until spring in the refrigerator. In the end of April - at the beginning of May, they must be treated with an emery cloth or rubbed with coarse sand. These manipulations, called scarification by specialists, needed to break down the hard seed coat. further processed like this seeds should be placed in water for 11-12 hours, after which it is good dry them.

Scalding can be used instead of scarification. AT in this case, the seeds must be poured with hot water (about 70 ° C) and stand in it for up to 2 days before swelling.

When the seeds are ready for planting, prepare the soil. For white acacia, a mixture is suitable from sand, peat and garden soil. Seeds should be planted deep about 2.5 cm and germinate them at room temperature from time to time watering. At the end of 4 weeks after sowing, the first shoots can be expected.

Next, if no more frosts are expected, the seedlings can be planted in the ground. When choosing a landing site, you need to make sure that it is protected from the wind and accumulations of water.

Optimum distance between seedlings - 30-50 cm. At first, the growth of white acacia proceeds very slowly - for the first summer is only a centimeter and a half. Suitable for feeding complex fertilizer, also do not forget to loosen the soil around and water.

On winter planting time must be covered with lutrasil. seedlings in spring check, identify those that suffered the least from frost and remained the strongest. For them, you can choose a permanent place and transplant or leave to ripen. In the first years, the acacia will grow rapidly, and at 4 years old it can even begin to bloom.

Now let's talk about horse chestnut. Its seeds are harvested in the second half of September. For in order to carry out stratification, the seeds are kept in wet sand at 3-7°C for 4-5 months. Although you can do it easier - carry out natural stratification and sow horse chestnut before winter.

Sow Seeds can be planted both in a seed bed and in a permanent place. it do in early June, deepening the seeds by about 6 cm into the ground. AT Between 20 and 30 days, the first shoots can be expected. Advise treat seedlings with copper-containing preparations to avoid fungal diseases.

By the age of five, trees can grow up to 2 m. It is important to note that when choosing a place for a permanent landing of a horse chestnut, keep in mind that this tree is large and can reach a height of 30 m.

Another large tree that can be grown from seed is red oak. In autumn it is covered with spectacular red foliage. Most the best time to collect seeds (acorns) is after the first frost, so how these seeds are least damaged by the weevil beetle. Among all harvested acorns, it is very easy to choose healthy fruits - all you need is just fill them with hot water. After 15 minutes, all damaged acorns will float.

To carry out stratification, acorns need store in sand at 2-5°C until sowing. Oak should be sown at a depth of about 4 cm, while choosing a place not accessible to the winds and with good sunshine lighting. The best time for planting them is the beginning of May. Through a month or two, the first shoots will appear. By the beginning of autumn, the seedlings will forty centimeters. It is recommended to cover them for the winter.

One more the tree can be grown from seeds - silver maple. This tree may reach a height of 20-30 m. He has a very beautiful light silvery green foliage. Seed collection can be done in May or June. AT unlike the rest of the trees described above, maple seeds do not require certain pre-sowing preparation.

They can be sown immediately after collection. They germinate quickly, so by the end of summer the seedlings will be 30-40 cm. Already in the first year you can transplant maple on the place you like.

Other trees can also be propagated from seeds. All you need is to be patient.

How to grow thuja from seeds at home

Evergreen trees are a winning option for decorating a house adjoining plot. Among them, thuja is especially popular. Decorative conifer, unpretentious to weather conditions, gardeners grow in two ways - cuttings or from seeds. In the first case, it is better to purchase material for planting in a nursery. And you can grow thuja from seeds on your own, following the recommendations of experienced gardeners.

Peculiarities of reproduction by seeds

Propagation by seeds is a difficult, time-consuming and time-consuming way to get a full-fledged tree. However, it has several important benefits.

  • Versatility. Suitable for germination of all types of this plant.
  • Low cost. Propagation by seeds, unlike the purchase of seedlings, does not require special material costs. Planting material is collected simply from the cones of the plant.
  • Ability to obtain a large number of plants of the same age and size at the same time.

However, it should be understood that growing thuja from seeds at home is quite painstaking, requires a lot of time and labor. And the original varietal characteristics of the thuja may not be preserved, and as a result, a tree will grow that does not look like the one from whose cones the seeds were collected. Usually the signs of the variety appear from the second year after sowing. In the first year, the growth will be no more than 10 cm, but then every year the thuja will rise by 20-25 cm. And full-fledged seedlings grow in a period of 3 to 5 years.

Collection and preparation of seeds

Seeds can be purchased from a specialized store or collected from the buds yourself. In order to get seedlings, you need to use the following recommendations for collecting and preparing seeds.

  1. Harvesting is carried out in late August - early September: it is at this time that thuja cones ripen. They need to be collected before disclosure occurs.
  2. Cones are carefully plucked from the arborvitae, trying not to damage. If it is difficult to pick the fruits from the tree, you can separate them with part of the shoot.
  3. Cones must be dried to obtain seeds. To do this, they are laid out in a dry, warm, ventilated room. After a day or two, the cones will dry out, open, and the seeds will spill out on their own. In order not to lose planting material, it is better to lay out the fruits for drying on paper.
  4. After collecting the seeds, it is necessary to carry out stratification - cold treatment. This is done if the landing is scheduled for the spring. In order to harden the seeds, they are collected in a cloth bag and dug into the ground for the winter to a depth of at least 30 cm, covered with fallen leaves or insulation. In the spring, the seeds are removed from the thawed soil, poured into a container filled with sand, and placed in the refrigerator for two months.
  5. After stratification, the seeds are ready for planting in the ground, which must be specially prepared. If you need to germinate the seeds in the fall, they undergo a natural stratification in the soil. Many gardeners recommend planting seeds immediately in open ground, arguing that with this approach, germination will be higher, and seedlings grown in this way are more hardy and strong.

How to germinate thuja seeds

Immediately before planting seeds, they must be germinated. Planting material overnight in water to germinate. The next morning, the seeds will swell and be ready for sowing. Planting thuja with seeds is carried out in wooden boxes about 10-12 cm deep - this is convenient and practical. In deeper containers, acidification of the soil is possible, in shallow ones, the growing root system of seedlings will be intertwined. Landing in a box is done according to the following scheme.

  • A 2-3 cm drainage layer of expanded clay or gravel is laid on the bottom.
  • Prepare a nutrient soil substrate consisting of peat, soddy soil and sand in proportions of 1:1:2. You can buy a ready-made mixture for coniferous plants in a specialized store. The soil is poured on top of the drainage layer and leveled so that the soil mixture does not reach the edges of the box by 2-3 cm.
  • For preventive soil disinfection, it is recommended to irrigate it with a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate.
  • Make parallel furrows 5-6 cm apart, about 6 mm deep.
  • Seeds are planted not too close to each other, keeping the same interval, about 6-8 cm.
  • Sprinkle with potting mix and smooth out. The thickness of the surface layer is not more than 1 cm.
  • The mixture is then lightly compacted and sprinkled with a spray gun.

Until the first shoots appear, containers or boxes with planted seeds should be stored in a room with an air temperature of 18-20⁰C.


Seeds need careful care in order to germinate and produce strong, stable plants. Experts say that propagating thuja seeds with proper care will allow you to get a good result.

  1. To maintain a constant temperature of at least 18⁰C and maintain a humid microclimate, the box with planting material is covered with a film or transparent glass, remembering to periodically open the protection to ventilate the container. When the seedlings get stronger, the film or glass is completely removed.
  2. Seedlings should be protected from direct sunlight - partial shade is preferred. If the box is stored on a window, it is best to place the container on the north or west side.
  3. Top dressing is necessary to activate growth. Young thujas are fertilized with complex compounds containing potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, as well as top dressing with other trace elements - molybdenum, boron and manganese. Feed the plants once every two weeks.
  4. Sprinkle the seedlings regularly with water, making sure that the soil does not erode. It is better to process plants with a fine spray gun.
    Thuja sprouts appear after 25-30 days if proper care is observed. During the season they reach a height of 8 cm, a tree trunk is formed and the root system branches out. Seedlings spend winter in a box, in spring they can be transplanted into open ground. If the seedlings are rare, they can be left in a container to strengthen for another year.

Transplanting outdoors

Caring for seedlings planted outdoors is no different from caring for small arborvitae grown in containers. The main thing is to follow all the recommendations of transplant specialists, because this process is stressful for plants.

  • Seedlings are planted in the spring, when the weather has already settled down and does not threaten with frosts.
  • For planting, choose a shady place protected from the winds so that young seedlings do not burn in the sun.
  • Soils - sandy, slightly acidic, with the addition of leafy soil.
  • A pre-selected area is fertilized by introducing a bucket of humus mixed with 45 g of nitroammophoska and 250 g of ash. The place of application of fertilizer is well dug up.
  • Seedlings for growing to seedling size are placed with the expectation that there is room for the plant to develop within a radius of 30 cm.
  • Row spacing must be at least 30 cm.
  • At the bottom of the hole, which should be about 1.5-2 times larger than the earthen clod, drainage is placed from expanded clay, sand, pebbles.
  • Having planted the plant in the ground, close the near-stem circle with soil, lightly tamp.
  • The root neck must always remain on the ground. With excessive deepening, rotting will begin, and the young thuja will turn yellow and die.
  • After planting, the ground around the trunk circle is mulched with sawdust, peat and watered.

Further care is carried out as usual for young seedlings. Tui seedlings planted for growing need watering, which is carried out at least twice a week, more often in dry times. Young seedlings are regularly treated from weeds and the soil of the near-trunk circle is loosened to a depth of no more than 5-6 cm. Monthly seedlings are fertilized with special mineral complex compounds for coniferous crops - plants should be fed with such a frequency for at least 2 years. For the winter, the "school" is covered with foliage, spruce branches, to protect it from freezing.

If you follow all the recommendations, the seedling grows by 20-30 cm per year. Young thujas are planted in a permanent place in 2-3 years, when the seedlings are strong enough and reach about half a meter in height.

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