How to grow soursop tree from seeds


How to grow a guanabana soursop tree – SoursopStore.com

This article is about growing guanabana trees. Guanabana is the Spanish word for soursop and graviola. So a guanabana tree is the same as a soursop tree and a graviola tree. The three words guanabana, graviola and soursop can be used interchangeably.
  

Learn how to grow a graviola tree at home

Want to grow a guanabana tree / soursop tree/ graviola tree that bears a prickly fruit of the same name at home? It is not that hard. However, there are some unique issues that need to be overcome before you can successfully harvest fresh soursop for your DIY growing efforts.

What you need to grow a guanabana soursop tree at home

Here is the equipment and environment you will need to grow guanabana / soursop / graviola trees:

  • Graviola / guanabana / soursop seeds
  • Warm environment that can be kept above 30 F or -1 C.
  • Warm, shady spot for germination.
  • Peat pots filled with potting soil
  • A large pot
  • Garden tools
  • Peat, mulch and potting soil

Notes about growing guanabana soursop trees:

A soursop tree can grow from 25 to 30 feet tall (8 to 9 meters).

The tree produces an oval-shaped spiny fruit with a tender yellow/green skin.

Where does soursop grow in the world:

Typically, soursop trees grow in tropical and subtropical countries like:

Mexico, Jamaica, the West Indies, northern South America, China, Australia Southeast Asia - Malaysia, and Vietnam and the Philippines - and in central Africa.

Where does soursop grow in the USA:

In the U.S.,soursop trees can grow in central to southern Florida, southern California, southern Arizona and southern Texas. It also will grow in Hawaii.

The tree that produces soursop fruit needs a tropical climate. It will not survive a frost. The tree will suffer damage at 30 F (around -1 C) and it will die at 26 F (-3 C).

Picture: U.S. Plant Hardiness Zones

See the image above for U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones. The soursop tree grows in zones 10 and 11. in rich.

In Florida that is the zone south or Orlando and Tampa. In California it is the coast regions from San Luis Obispo south and south of Bakersfield. Southern Texas and southern Arizona also match this criteria. See more here.

What kind of soil should soursop trees grow in?

Always plant a graviola soursop tree in rich well-drained soil with 5 to 6.5 pH for optimal growing results. A healthy tree in this environement will thrive and products leaves and fruit, both of which can be harvested for consumption. Leaves can be dried for tea.

How to plant soursop seeds to grow a tree

Soursop seeds are about 3/4 inch and are brown

Indoor guanabana soursop tree planting

  1. Wash soursop seeds and prepare a warm, shady indoor spot for germination.
  2. Plant the seeds in peat pots filled with potting soil, less than 30 days after harvesting from fruit.
  3. Keep the soil moist to the touch. Soursop seeds will germinate in 15 to 30 days if the are viable.

Outdoor soursop sapling planting

If you live in a suitable climate as noted above (no frost, warm tropical or sub-tropical temperatures) you can transplant seedlings outdoors, or accommodate the growth of a tall indoor potted tree in a greenhouse.

  1. Prepare a sunny, south-facing spot with wind protection in the garden and rake 2 inches of compost into the soil.
  2. Transplant 12-inch-high seedlings into the yard in the spring, spacing them at least 12 feet apart. Dig holes big enough to hold the root ball of each plant. Cover the base of the plant with soil
  3. Add 3 inches of mulch to keep moist.
  4. Water soursop plants often enough to keep the soil moist, but not wet, during hot weather.
  5. When the weather cools in the winter, be sure to reduce watering. Soursop plants can tolerate drought. That said they can develop pest problems if they are always wet.
  6. Provide soursop plants with 10-10-10 fertilizer, using a total of one-half pound of fertilizer per tree in the first year. Split the amount quarterly. In the 2nd year, raise the amount to 1 pound. Thereafter use 3 pounds of fertilizer per year.
  7. Reapply mulch annually to the trees.
  8. Widening the mulch application area to 5 feet as the tree’s root system expands.
Supplies list for growing a soursop tree

After you remove seeds from the soursop fruit,
you can plant them for up to 30 days.

Here are a list of soursop tree growing supplies you will need to grow a soursop tree. The links take you to source where you can by the supplies:

  • Soursop seeds
  • Peat pots
  • Potting soil
  • Compost
  • Rake
  • Shovel
  • Mulch
  • 10-10-10 fertilizer

How to harvest soursop fruit:

When soursop fruit is still firm and yellow-green in color, you can harvest it. Don’t allow the fruit to get soft on the tree.

Ripen indoors. Store picked firm soursop fruit in the refrigerator for several days until it becomes soft to the touch.

See this video on how to test to see if soursop is ripe:


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How to Plant Guanabana Trees AKA Soursop Trees

Today we'll teach you how to plant guanabana trees, aka soursop tree, from seed! If you've ever seen a soursop fruit, you know they are some of the most peculiar looking fruits, and that's one of the things that makes them so special. Sourop, or guanabana (Spanish) is an evergreen tree that produces spiny oblong fruits with a white, fleshy inside.

Soursop, Annona muricata, can grow from 25 to 30 feet in height and is widely grown in many cultures such as Mexico, the West Indies, South America, China, Australia, Africa, the Caribbean, and now, in southern parts of the United States. Naturally, guanabana trees cannot survive frost, and are entirely a tropical and subtropical plant. It has been used for thousands of years to treat a number of ailments from skin diseases to cancer.

The white fleshy part that is found inside the fruit is the edible fruit, and is often used to make yogurt, smoothies, and ice cream but can also be eaten raw. The taste can be compared to that of a combination of pineapple and banana as well as bubblegum for some people. The evergreen can reach to about 30 feet and needs plenty of space, sunlight, and warmth.

How to Grow Guanabana Trees

Courtesy of Noal Farm

Climate:

The guanabana tree is found mostly in tropical climates, therefore needs a very warm environment. Guanabana, or soursop, will successfully grow in USDA zones 10 through 13 OR in a warm and humid greenhouse. Gunabana trees cannot take temperatures below 30F (-1C), and will often dye if temperatures dip below that.

Germination Time:

Soursop seeds should germinate within 15 to 30 days. Keep the seeds warm and moist during this germination time to ensure healthy and adequate growth.

Time to Harvest:

Depending on the soil, climate, and other factors such as fertilizer, your guanabana tree should start producing flowers and then fruits within 3-5 years.

Planting Guanabana Seeds

Unlike most fruit trees, soursop is acutally planted from seed. You can find seeds at your local nursery or online. Additionally, you can also harvest a seed directly from a soursop fruit.

  1. Take the seeds from a guanabana fruit and soak them in warm water overnight. The next day, plant them 1/2 inch deep in sterile seed-starting mix.
  2. Keep the soil constantly moist by spraying it with water. It should germinate within 2-4 weeks.
  3. If you are planting outdoors, it's best to wait until the tree is at least 6 months old.
  4. Once the soursop has germinated, make sure you keep it in a partially sunny location, a well drained soil, and protected from strong winds.
  5. Keep at least 20 feet from other trees or plants and mulch heavily with compost as soursop has shallow roots.
  6. Once trunk diameter reaches 1/2 to 3/4 inch, prune the tree back to 30 inches in height.
  7. Once new shoots begin, choose the most vertical shoot to be the central leader.
  8. After cutting off any other growth, leave the central shoot (the most vertical one) and force all other shoots into horizontal positions. You can do this by using clothespins or twine!

Feeding Your Guanabana Tree

  1. Feed your guanabana tree twice a year, once in the spring and once in the fall.
  2. Give it 1/4 pound of organic fertilizer twice a year in the first year.
  3. In its second year and thereafter, feed it 1/2 pound of organic fertilizer twice a year.
  4. It is also recommended to renew the compost every year to keep the soil moist and get rid of weeds.

Maintaining Your Guanabana Tree

  1. During the tree's second year, cut back the central leader by about a third.
  2. Then, wait for new shoots to begin beneath the cut, choose the best of these shoots and force them outward. This will create a second tier of horizontal branches (as we described above).
  3. The soursop tree's yellow blossoms should give away within 3-5 years. Although it may seem like a long time, be patient as it is absolutely worth it, and once it starts flowering, it will keep on going constantly!

When to Pick the Soursop Fruit

  • The fruits are ready to pick once they loose their shine, turn from dark to a yellowish green, and the spines stand up. You should also feel the soursop fruit as it will be ready to consume once it is no longer hard, but rather squeezable.
  • After picking the soursop fruit, you may enjoy them within 5 or 6 days, after which they will start to deteriorate.
  • Make sure to remove the black seeds as they are toxic! Enjoy soursop by itself, in smoothies, yogurts, salads, sherberts, or drinks!
  • Your tree will keep producing fruits, so make sure you maintain it properly by fertilizing, keeping an eye out for overgrowth, and removing any weeds!
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How to Grow Soursop Trees

Today we'll teach you how to plant guanabana trees, aka soursop tree, from seed! 

Course: Tropical Fruits

Cuisine: Soursop

Keyword: guanabana, how to grow, soursop, tropical fruits

Yield: 1 tree

Cost: $5

  • Take the seeds from a guanabana fruit and soak them in warm water overnight. The next day, plant them 1/2 inch deep in sterile seed-starting mix.

  • Keep the soil constantly moist by spraying it with water. It should germinate within 2-4 weeks.

  • If you are planting outdoors, it's best to wait until the tree is at least 6 months old.

  • Once the soursop has germinated, make sure you keep it in a partially sunny location, a well drained soil, and protected from strong winds.

  • Keep at least 20 feet from other trees or plants and mulch heavily with compost as soursop has shallow roots.

  • Once trunk diameter reaches 1/2 to 3/4 inch, prune the tree back to 30 inches in height.

  • Once new shoots begin, choose the most vertical shoot to be the central leader.

  • After cutting off any other growth, leave the central shoot (the most vertical one) and force all other shoots into horizontal positions. You can do this by using clothespins or twine!

Happy Planting!
Image Sources: FastGrowingTrees, HealthBytez

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How to grow a currant tree: fertile, with a good yield of

Content:

  • The reasons for the formation of a tree
  • varieties suitable for molding
    • Red currants
    • Currant 9000
    • Green 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 planting and shaping
    • Seven ways to improve planting
    • List of five wrong actions
    • Video

    Everyone knows that black and red currants grow in the form of a shrub. However, a number of agricultural techniques for cultivating currants allow using the cutting method to turn a currant bush into a currant tree, how to grow it can be found from the material described in this article.

    Causes of tree formation

    Currant bushes are characterized by excessive growth and all-round spreading of branches. When most of them are on the ground, weeding and tillage becomes much more difficult. In addition, the process of collecting berries soiled in the ground turns into an unpleasant task. In addition, freshly harvested fruits will have to be washed much longer.

    Currant tree

    Raising the crown of a currant plant will allow you to get rid of additional cleaning and processing work. The raised currant branches on the trellis are better illuminated and saturated with oxygen, which has a positive effect on the weight yield. Carrying out pruning activities is greatly facilitated. Also, tree-like currant, especially against the background of ornamental grass or the facade of a residential building, looks very decorative. A knowledgeable gardener is able to try to grow a colored currant tree from cuttings or plant several currant bushes with a tree with different fruit colors. The range of colors presented today allows you to choose one of the existing colors:

    • white;
    • pink;
    • green;
    • dark cherry;
    • black.

    Yellow currant

    A free open space near the trunk is formed around the currant tree. This is an ideal place to plant any kind of plant that has phytoncidal properties. Work on the cultivation of such a crop will slow down the growth of weeds and scare away pests. The time spent on processing activities will be significantly reduced.

    An important advantage of growing currants in the form of a tree on a trunk or trellis is that when it's time to harvest, the gardener is no longer forced to bend over for a long time and injure his hands on sharp spikes.

    If we talk about how many times a currant tree bears fruit in a lifetime, we can say that a currant tree does not lose its ability to bear fruit for 8 years from the moment the shrub is planted in a permanent place. Many gardeners are wondering: what year does the currant bear fruit after planting. The first harvest can be harvested in the third year after formation. Also, when asked what year the currant bushes begin to bear fruit, it should be mentioned that in the absence of proper care, the beginning of the stage when the fruits ripen may come one season later.

    Harvest of red berries

    Varieties suitable for molding

    How to properly prune a grafted cherry tree

    Important! Creation of a currant tree is possible only from winter-hardy varieties.

    Red currant
    • Viksne is an early maturing varietal currant resistant to powdery mildew. Round berries of dark cherry color with a sweet and sour taste. If the conditions where the Viksne currant is grown are favorable, then the ripe berries can reach a weight of more than 1 gram;
    • Jonker van Tets is an early maturing Western variety that is immune to anthracnose, powdery mildew and spider mites. The weight of round bright red berries with a sweet and sour taste of seeds inside the fruit reaches 1 gram.

    White currant

    Smolyaninovskaya is a variety that is resistant to cold and drought, as well as powdery mildew. Prone to minor damage by anthracnose. Often damaged by gall aphids. Medium round fruits of white color have a sweet and sour taste. A powerful semi-spreading bush is able to yield up to 8 kilograms.

    Blackcurrant

    Chernavka is a mid-late winter-hardy blackcurrant variety. The semi-spreading blackcurrant shrub is resistant to fungal infections. Large-sized black fruits have a shiny surface, sweet and sour taste.

    Greenish-yellow

    Emerald necklace is a mid-late winter-hardy variety, resistant to powdery mildew and spider mites. Medium-sized light yellow sweet and sour berries have a green tint of the seed part.

    Proper planting and shaping

    Tomato tree

    The best horticultural season for growing sprouted currant seedlings is autumn. The recommended planting interval between these stands is one meter. Aisles, how to grow currants in the form of a tree, should be placed, observing a three-meter interval. Each of the stems on which the bush grows must be tied to a firmly reinforced stake. The first step in the formation of a "tree" is its fixation at a single point located in the central part of the trunk.

    Please note! To avoid, as the crown part grows, the inclination of the currant tree to the side, you should tie it up and down.

    In order for the tree to retain its decorative aesthetic appearance when growing fruitful currants in the country and give an even richer harvest, horticultural activities should be carried out periodically to process the crown. With the onset of the second year after planting in the garden, about five of the most healthy main branches are selected from it. The branch located in the center is shortened by an eighth of the sprouted per year. The remaining branches are subjected to more substantial pruning, in which the main goal is to shape the crown of the tree into a sphere. With the onset of the following horticultural seasons, 4 annual branches are kept on each of the branches, shortened when growing to 24 cm in length. Deformed, fused crosswise and not fully developed branches must be removed. With the beginning of the aging phase of the leading branches, the onset of which falls on the fifth year after disembarkation, they should be cut out in the order of becoming unusable. Only a couple of buds should be left to allow the crown part of the tree to replenish with young shoots.

    Hanging on a trellis

    Seven ways to improve planting

    Sea buckthorn tree

    There are 7 secrets to increase the fertility of currants. During the summer horticultural season, measures for the care of a currant tree do not differ from those carried out for the bush form of planting this crop:

  • The earth must be thoroughly loosened;
  • Insect control is to prevent the appearance of aphids, spider mites and bud mites;
  • It is also necessary to treat the tree against powdery mildew, rust and spotting;
  • The soil must be kept moist by additional watering in hot weather;
  • Conduct planting fertilization activities, which are as follows:
    • at the end of the year, at a depth of 10 cm under one bush, apply 50 grams of ammonium nitrate in combination with 30 grams of superphosphate fertilizer and the same amount of potassium salt;
    • by the beginning of summer, add a mixture of ammonium nitrate and phosphorus supplements.
    1. Once every three years, fertilize the soil with a 10 kg bucket of rotted compost or humus.

    List of 5 Mistakes

    There is a step-by-step list that includes an explanation of 5 mistakes in currant cultivation, which are made, for the most part, by novice growers:

    1. yield indicators - the number of fruit ovaries decreases, the size of which, when ripe, will turn out to be small, and the consistency will be dry. With insufficient watering, ripe berries will have an excessively dense peel. Irrigation activities should be carried out in the amount of three times per season. Particular attention should be paid to watering when the shrub blooms - at the time when the ovaries bloom, the plant needs abundant watering. The average volume of water required for watering one planting is 4 liters, but it can be increased if necessary.

    Note . Over-watering will cause fruit cracking, fungal infection and black rot in the root system.

    . Useful elements will not be able to continuously enter the plant's body, which will make its normal development impossible. To prevent this from happening, at the beginning of summer it is necessary to apply a complex of nitrogen fertilizers, and after harvesting - based on potassium and phosphorus;

  • The absence of a mulch layer will lead to drying out of the planting area and increased growth of weeds, absorbing all the beneficial compounds contained in the soil. Refusal to carry out mulching will lead to the loss of most of the currant yield per 1 ha. Therefore, at the end of spring, the tree circles should be mulched with one of the suitable materials:
    • peat;
    • humus;
    • straw;
    • sawdust;
    • cut grass.
    1. Refusal to carry out pruning will contribute to the thickening of bushes, overgrowing with unnecessary branches that replace green shoots capable of breeding and fruiting, as well as shoots growing towards the ground surface. This leads to a decrease in yield to a minimum and frequent diseases;
    2. Neglect of preventive measures against pests and diseases can lead to a complete loss of the crop.

    Standard bush

    So, after getting acquainted with this material, it became known how to grow currants in the form of a tree and collect a bountiful harvest of this crop. A currant tree is a truly original type of planting on any home or country garden plot. Despite the relatively short fruiting period, the advantages of such a horticultural solution are a decorative look, a non-standard breeding method and ease of harvesting.

    Video

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    Article rating

    Author:

    Ivan Fedorovich Khromtsov

    How to grow a currant tree

    Everyone knows that black and red currants grow in the form of a shrub. However, a number of agricultural techniques for cultivating currants allow using the cutting method to turn a currant bush into a currant tree, how to grow it can be found from the material described in this article.

    Causes of tree formation

    Currant bushes are characterized by excessive growth and all-round spreading of branches. When most of them are on the ground, weeding and tillage becomes much more difficult. In addition, the process of collecting berries soiled in the ground turns into an unpleasant task. In addition, freshly harvested fruits will have to be washed much longer.

    Raising the crown of a currant plant will allow you to get rid of additional cleaning and processing work. The raised currant branches on the trellis are better illuminated and saturated with oxygen, which has a positive effect on the weight yield. Carrying out pruning activities is greatly facilitated. Also, tree-like currant, especially against the background of ornamental grass or the facade of a residential building, looks very decorative. A knowledgeable gardener is able to try to grow a colored currant tree from cuttings or plant several currant bushes with a tree with different fruit colors. The range of colors presented today allows you to choose one of the existing colors:

    A free open space near the trunk is formed around the currant tree. This is an ideal place to plant any kind of plant that has phytoncidal properties. Work on the cultivation of such a crop will slow down the growth of weeds and scare away pests. The time spent on processing activities will be significantly reduced.

    Note. An important advantage of growing currants in the form of a tree on a trunk or trellis is that when it's time to harvest, the gardener is no longer forced to bend over for a long time and injure his hands on sharp spikes.

    If we talk about how many times a currant tree bears fruit in a lifetime, we can say that a currant tree does not lose its ability to bear fruit for 8 years from the moment the shrub is planted in a permanent place. Many gardeners are wondering: what year does the currant bear fruit after planting. The first harvest can be harvested in the third year after formation. Also, when asked what year the currant bushes begin to bear fruit, it should be mentioned that in the absence of proper care, the beginning of the stage when the fruits ripen may come one season later.

    Harvest of red berries

    Varieties suitable for molding

    Important! Creation of a currant tree is possible only from winter-hardy varieties.

    Red currant
    • Viksne is an early maturing varietal currant resistant to powdery mildew. Round berries of dark cherry color with a sweet and sour taste. If the conditions where the Viksne currant is grown are favorable, then the ripe berries can reach a weight of more than 1 gram;
    • Jonker van Tets is an early maturing Western variety that is immune to anthracnose, powdery mildew and spider mites. The weight of round bright red berries with a sweet and sour taste of seeds inside the fruit reaches 1 gram.

    White currant

    Smolyaninovskaya is a variety that is resistant to cold and drought, as well as powdery mildew. Prone to minor damage by anthracnose. Often damaged by gall aphids. Medium round fruits of white color have a sweet and sour taste. A powerful semi-spreading bush is able to yield up to 8 kilograms.

    Blackcurrant

    Chernavka is a mid-late winter-hardy blackcurrant variety. The semi-spreading blackcurrant shrub is resistant to fungal infections. Large-sized black fruits have a shiny surface, sweet and sour taste.

    Greenish-yellow

    Emerald necklace is a mid-late winter-hardy variety, resistant to powdery mildew and spider mites. Medium-sized light yellow sweet and sour berries have a green tint of the seed part.

    Proper planting and shaping

    The best horticultural season for growing sprouted currant seedlings is autumn. The recommended planting interval between these stands is one meter. Aisles, how to grow currants in the form of a tree, should be placed, observing a three-meter interval. Each of the stems on which the bush grows must be tied to a firmly reinforced stake. The first step in the formation of a "tree" is its fixation at a single point located in the central part of the trunk.

    Please note! To avoid, as the crown part grows, the inclination of the currant tree to the side, you should tie it up and down.

    In order for the tree to retain its decorative aesthetic appearance when growing fruitful currants in the country and give an even richer harvest, horticultural activities should be carried out periodically to process the crown. With the onset of the second year after planting in the garden, about five of the most healthy main branches are selected from it. The branch located in the center is shortened by an eighth of the sprouted per year. The remaining branches are subjected to more substantial pruning, in which the main goal is to shape the crown of the tree into a sphere. With the onset of the following horticultural seasons, 4 annual branches are kept on each of the branches, shortened when growing to 24 cm in length. Deformed, fused crosswise and not fully developed branches must be removed. With the beginning of the aging phase of the leading branches, the onset of which falls on the fifth year after disembarkation, they should be cut out in the order of becoming unusable. Only a couple of buds should be left to allow the crown part of the tree to replenish with young shoots.

    Trellising

    Seven ways to improve planting

    There are 7 secrets to increase the fertility of currants. During the summer horticultural season, measures for the care of a currant tree do not differ from those carried out for the bush form of planting this crop:

  • The earth must be thoroughly loosened;
  • Insect control is to prevent the appearance of aphids, spider mites and bud mites;
  • It is also necessary to treat the tree against powdery mildew, rust and spotting;
  • The soil must be kept moist by additional watering in hot weather;
  • Conduct planting fertilization activities, which are as follows:
    • at the end of the year, at a depth of 10 cm under one bush, apply 50 grams of ammonium nitrate in combination with 30 grams of superphosphate fertilizer and the same amount of potassium salt;
    • by the beginning of summer, add a mixture of ammonium nitrate and phosphorus supplements.
    1. Once every three years, fertilize the soil with a 10 kg bucket of rotted compost or humus.

    List of five erroneous actions

    There is a step-by-step list that includes an explanation of 5 mistakes when growing currants, which are made, for the most part, by novice gardeners:

    1. , the size of which, when ripe, will turn out to be small, and the consistency will be dry. With insufficient watering, ripe berries will have an excessively dense peel. Irrigation activities should be carried out in the amount of three times per season. Particular attention should be paid to watering when the shrub blooms - at the time when the ovaries bloom, the plant needs abundant watering. The average volume of water required for watering one planting is 4 liters, but it can be increased if necessary.

    Note . Over-watering will cause fruit cracking, fungal infection and black rot in the root system.

    1. Failure to regularly fertilize will lead to soil depletion, which will deprive it of the ability to supply the necessary chemical compounds to the tree. Useful elements will not be able to continuously enter the plant's body, which will make its normal development impossible. To prevent this from happening, at the beginning of summer it is necessary to apply a complex of nitrogen fertilizers, and after harvesting - based on potassium and phosphorus;
    2. The absence of a mulch layer will lead to drying out of the planting area and increased growth of weeds, absorbing all the beneficial compounds contained in the soil. Refusal to carry out mulching will lead to the loss of most of the currant yield per 1 ha. Therefore, at the end of spring, the tree circles should be mulched with one of the suitable materials:
    • peat;
    • humus;
    • straw;
    • sawdust;
    • cut grass.
    1. Refusal to carry out pruning will contribute to the thickening of bushes, overgrowing with unnecessary branches that replace green shoots capable of breeding and fruiting, as well as shoots growing towards the ground surface. This leads to a decrease in yield to a minimum and frequent diseases;
    2. Neglect of preventive measures against pests and diseases can lead to a complete loss of the crop.

    So, after reading this material, it became known how to grow currants in the form of a tree and harvest a bountiful harvest of this crop. A currant tree is a truly original type of planting on any home or country garden plot. Despite the relatively short fruiting period, the advantages of such a horticultural solution are a decorative look, a non-standard breeding method and ease of harvesting.

    video

    Black currant is grown in summer cottages everywhere and is the most popular berry shrub. Currently, gardeners have begun to use new technologies for growing horticultural crops. An interesting novelty in the garden is blackcurrant tree . This tree is significantly superior to blackcurrant bushes in terms of productivity, it looks very impressive and decorative. By the way, red and yellow currants also grow "on a tree." How can you grow this miracle tree on your site?

    Black currant tree

    Standard currant, how to grow

    A common currant bush is made up of many stems that have their own root system. However, they all also have a common root, and they have to fight for survival, food, which does not contribute to a high yield.

    The tree has a powerful root system. He does not have to fight for survival, food, moisture, so the trunk eventually turns into a strong trunk with a crown of well-developed and branched shoots, giving a luxurious harvest.

    Benefits of stem culture

    A tree has its own advantages compared to an ordinary bush:

    • it gives a rich harvest of large berries with excellent taste;
    • the period of fruiting and life of standard currant is increased;
    • tree can grow not only black, but also red, golden and white currants.

    The shortcomings of standard currant include the tree's resistance to strong winds and reduced frost resistance. In addition, it is necessary to regularly pinch the tops of the shoots. In the northern regions, shoots will freeze slightly in winter, so you should not get involved in growing standard currants there.

    Growing a blackcurrant tree

    To do this, you will need to follow a number of rules.

    Planting site should be with slightly acidic soil and good water capacity. It is recommended to dry the soil in advance and arrange drainage. They dig up the earth in the fall, having previously fertilized it with manure or compost and peat.

    Currant cuttings

    Cuttings are cut from one-year-old twigs in early spring when the buds swell, but before the leaves open.

    They are cut with a margin, given that 1/3 will go into the ground. 3-4 buds should be left above the ground, extra buds are plucked out, the top is also cut off. Make sure that the new branches are on different sides of the stem. Cuttings can be planted on a seedling bed at a distance of 10-15 cm or planted immediately in the right place. The earth around a cutting deepened by a third is compacted to increase the likelihood of its rooting, it is well watered and covered with a non-woven fabric until new shoots with leaves appear. You can also plant a cutting from a summer shoot in August.

    The shoots that have appeared on the handle for the next year, before the leaf blooms, all the tops must be pinched, leaving 3-4 buds on each side branch. But the lower branches on the trunk below the crown and the basal shoots should be cut out.

    In the third year, pinch off the tops of each shoot again and cut off the entire root shoot. With a good development of the tree, you can get the first small crop of very large berries. They significantly exceed those that have poured on the mother bush.

    In subsequent years, the yield will increase significantly. However, the pinching of the tops continues. Old blackened branches are also cut out without a leaf.

    The stem grows up to 1.5 m in height. A powerful root system provides the crown with sufficient nutrition and moisture. Therefore, the harvest of the blackcurrant tree impresses with large (sometimes giant) berries. Already in the fifth year, the stem can give up to 8 kg per bush. After the age of eight years, the yield begins to decline. It is worth growing a new tree by this time.

    The harvest is so plentiful that it is necessary to help the plant and support the shoots with berries. Otherwise, the branches may break or give roots when in contact with the ground.

    standard currant, how to grow

    Formation of a tree from a bush

    This procedure should be carried out in the spring before the leaves appear.

    1. Select a shoot that is thick and straight or close to 90 degrees to the ground. The remaining branches are cut without stumps.
    2. Dig a support nearby and tie the shoot. The support will not allow the tree to break from the wind and will help to straighten if necessary.
    3. Be sure to cut out root shoots in summer. If shoots appear below the crown, then they are cut out.
    4. In autumn, you need to pinch all the tops of the future crown. This operation will awaken dormant buds for new branches and a lush crown.

    Blackcurrant tree care

    It practically does not differ from the bush crop.

    • Irrig. Currant is a moisture-loving crop, so watering is carried out regularly.
    • Loosening, weeding, mulching - this is the list of mandatory procedures.
    • Top dressing. It is carried out several times. In spring, nitrogen fertilizing with organic or mineral fertilizers (manure, urea) is necessary. Closer to autumn, currants are fed with superphosphate (100 g) and potassium (30 g) per square meter. Before winter, the bushes are mulched with a mixture of humus and peat.
    • For the winter, the crown is covered with any covering cloth, jute bags or litrasil.

    Varieties for standard crops

    It is better to form a blackcurrant tree from the following varieties: Aist, Pamyatnaya, Monasheskaya, Universitetskaya.

    Suitable for red currant: Bayan, Viksne, Natalie, Rondom.

    The yellow currant tree is well obtained from the Imperial yellow variety, which produces large berries.

    Blackcurrant tree up to 1.5 m high looks very decorative, especially with berries and is a wonderful decoration of the garden. Try to grow such a tree and see its benefits. Good luck to you!

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    Adding an article to a new collection

    Do you think that currants can grow only in the form of a bush? As it turned out, it also bears excellent fruit on trellises, as part of "fruit walls". Now we will talk about the new technology in more detail.

    The cultivation of berry crops on trellis came to us from Western Europe. This is due to the fact that in the West, unlike the countries of the former USSR, they prefer to use fresh berries as part of mixes, fruit sets, etc.

    The number of currant berries obtained from one plant with a trellis method of cultivation is less than from an ordinary bush, but they are many times larger and sweeter. The option of growing on a trellis is also suitable for those summer residents who expect to sell currants and the presentation of the final product is important to them.

    In addition, all plants receive enough light, do not obscure each other, get sick less often and, as a result, bear fruit well.

    Taking into account that not so many berries are obtained from one "currant tree", for growing for sale it is necessary to have a plot of 10 acres, since the planting technology involves planting in one or several lines.

    Features of planting seedlings

    Good support is important for the formation of a "fruit wall". Wooden poles or iron pipes with a height of about 2-2.5 m act as a supporting structure. Intermediate poles are installed at a distance of 6-8 m from each other. The ends of the poles that will be buried in the ground must be treated with an antiseptic to prevent rotting. They usually process 50-70 cm of the lower part of the support.

    The height of adult currant bushes varies depending on the variety, but usually it is at least 150 cm. Therefore, the trellis for "currant trees" is made not lower than this mark. The first wire is pulled at a height of 30 cm from the ground, the second and subsequent - at a distance of 30-40 cm.

    It is best to stretch galvanized wire with a diameter of 3-4 mm, or with a polymer coating, onto the trellis.

    In contrast to the bush method of cultivation, 2-year-old seedlings of currant with a height of at least 70 cm and having 3-5 branches are used to lay the "fruit wall". Their are planted at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other. Pits are dug 40 × 40 × 30 cm in size. Fertile soil mixed with phosphate and potash fertilizers (80-100 g of superphosphate and potassium sulphate) is poured into each of them.

    Currant status Assessment

    Preparation for pruning

    Garter

    Plants are planted strictly vertically, deepening the root neck in the soil by 5 cm. After planting, they are abundantly watered (6-8 liters of water of the water of the water per plant). Attention! The main shoot on the seedling is not pruned after planting.

    When autumn planting it is enough to water currants 2-3 times until the end of the growing season. And at spring planting - every 7-10 days.

    Pruning currants on a trellis

    Immediately after planting , all side shoots on seedlings are shortened to 5 cm. The branches located near the ground are cut out so that later it would be more convenient to pick berries and they would not get dirty when touching the ground. The main shoot is not touched.

    Due to the systematic pruning of the lower branches, the crop on "currant trees" will be formed at a height of 90-150 cm above the ground, which will greatly simplify harvesting.

    In the first year after planting , the bush is tied to the first wire of the trellis (at a level of 30 cm from the ground). It is better to tie the shoots with the taper (especially for large areas) or with twine by hand. It is not recommended to use a wire, because. over time, it will begin to crush the thickening shoots, and the garter will have to be loosened periodically.

    Currant on twine

    It's okay if your "currant tree" has two equal "trunks". In this case, the principle of substitution will apply. Over time, it will be possible to see which shoot is stronger and claims to be the dominant one. After that, the second can be removed.

    Pruning of the second stem

    Elimination of the second stem

    Shaping in subsequent years is reduced to the following actions:

    • regularly cut out basal shoots (shoots), side branches located close to the ground;
    • make sure that the plant retains a tree-like shape (outwardly, the "currant tree" should resemble a columnar apple tree).

    Pruning and shaping

    Differences between the "trellis method" and the usual

    it will act as a trunk for our "currant tree").

    Pruning of side shoots

    Pruning of branches near the ground

    Currant always forms root shoots (they are especially noticeable against the background of spring soil, because they have a bright green-red color). In the usual way of growing, they are left to form a bush. When growing currants on a trellis, all basal shoots are removed in a timely manner so that all the strength of the plant is spent on the development of the main shoot.

    Feed "currant trees" in the same way as ordinary currant bushes. The only thing is that fertilizers are applied per linear meter.

    • Nitrogen fertilizers are necessary for the growth and development of plants - it is better to apply them from March to July every 20 days in the amount of 30 g / m.p.
    • Phosphorus fertilizers are needed for plants to lay flowers and form berries - it is better to apply them closer to August in the amount of 50 g/m.p.
    • Potassium fertilizer is necessary for the plant for a good overwintering - it is better to apply them in September at a dose of 80 g/m.p.

    Currant responds very well to foliar top dressing (by leaves) with solutions of complex mineral fertilizers containing boron, copper, zinc and other microelements.

    Currants on a trellis do not need any special care. The only thing to remember is that the soil under such bushes dries out quickly due to the lack of branches.


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