How to identify bradford pear tree


Callery Pear (Bradford Pear) | Missouri Department of Conservation

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Scientific Name

Pyrus calleryana

Family

Rosaceae (roses)

Description

Callery pear is a small to medium-sized tree with a compact, symmetrical, pyramidal or columnar shape that spreads to become oval with age. Many cultivars exist with slightly different characteristics; all contribute to the species' invasiveness.

Leaves are alternate, simple, generally oval, to 3 inches long, with rounded teeth, glossy green, turning orange, gold, red, pink, and/or purple in fall. Some cultivars develop patterns of colored circles and spots in autumn. Leaves bob in the wind on long leaf stems.

Bark is gray brown, smooth on young trees, splitting into scales with age.

Twigs are thornless in cultivated trees, but in wild types (including trees that develop from sprouts of a tree that was felled), the twigs end in thorns.

Flowers in early spring; abundant clusters of white flowers, 5-petaled, each to ¾ inch wide, unpleasant-smelling.

Fruits like tiny, hard apples, round, to ½ inch in diameter, greenish-yellow flecked with whitish spots, inedible, with 2–4 black seeds. After freezes they soften, darken, wrinkle, and become palatable to birds.

Key identifiers:

  • Deciduous tree (drops its leaves in the fall), reaching up to 30 to 50 feet tall.
  • Overall tree shape pyramidal, columnar, or egg-shaped.
  • Wide-spreading branches fairly vertical, branching symmetrically.
  • Branches sometimes thorny.
  • Leaves shiny, dark green, leathery, with small-toothed margins.
  • Leaves turn reddish purple in the fall.
  • Flowers in spring before leaf-out.
  • Flower petals white, rounded, close together (they touch/overlap at their bases).
  • Flower stamens are not longer than the petals.
  • Fruits in fall are small, round, hard, and brown.

Similar species: Several other trees bloom in spring with white, five-petaled flowers. Serviceberry has petals that are brighter white, strap-shaped, wavy, with a space between them (not rounded and close together). Native plums have stamens (threadlike stalks in the center of the flower) that are longer than the petals. Apple and crabapple flowers have a slightly pink hue, and apple tree branches are nearer to horizontal and less uniform, compared to the vertical, symmetrical branching of Callery pear.

Other Common Names

Aristocrat Pear

Cleveland Select Pear

Autumn Blaze Pear

Whitehouse Pear

Size

Height: 30–50 feet ('Bradford' variety).

Where To Find

Statewide.

Callery pear, in its many forms, has been planted in urban, suburban, and rural yards, office and apartment complexes, malls, streets, and college campuses. It grows quickly but dies young, frequently breaking in strong winds. Its vigor and adaptability have contributed to its invasiveness.

As an invasive small tree or shrub, Callery pear forms large colonies. It is conspicuous on roadsides, old fields, and other open, disturbed areas, but it also invades and degrades a variety of natural habitats. The large thickets are most noticeable in spring, when the species is blooming, and in fall, when its leaves turn deep red.

Sometimes a certain variety or cultivar of a tree becomes so popular that the whole species becomes known by that name. 'Bradford' pear is a variety of Callery pear, and it has been hugely popular in landscaping. Its adaptability to a wide variety of growing conditions, including in the compacted soils along city streets, contributed to its popularity.

Invasive shrub or small tree. Formerly very popular in landscaping.

Native to China and Taiwan, Callery pear has been a hot landscaping plant for decades. The 'Bradford' cultivar is created when a scion (cutting) of a 'Bradford' tree is grafted onto the rootstock of a wild-type Callery pear. The cultivated forms were thought to be sterile, but recently they’ve been spreading — alarmingly. This happens when many different self-sterile forms are planted close by (as in towns) and can cross-pollinate and produce fertile fruits.

Birds and other animals eat the fertile fruits and distribute the seeds widely. A single tree can spread quickly, forming dense thickets. The thickets leaf out early, outcompeting native flowers and trees. Once escaped from cultivation, wild trees develop long thorns, making thickets impenetrable.

Also, when it gets large, Callery pear develops "weak crotches" where the limbs join the trunk, and the tree is easily split or knocked over by wind. After the fallen tree is removed, sprouts appear at the stump and will grow into the wild, thorny, invasive form of the tree, whose fertile fruits are spread by birds and other animals.

Learn how to manage invasive Callery pear

Callery pear and other invasive plants destroy habitat and compete with native plants and animals. Please do not plant these invaders. We recommend replacing your Callery/Bradford pears with a variety of other small native trees, such as serviceberry, yellowwood, redbud, and hornbeam.

Callery pear became popular in landscaping for several good reasons, such as its quick growth, tolerance for a variety of soil types, even shape, pretty fall color, and (it was believed) inability to reproduce by seed. But many of its forms had serious downsides. The 'Bradford' cultivar, for example, tends to produce heavy limbs with narrow branch unions that may fail and split under an ice or wind load.

In spring, Callery pears are covered with white blossoms. Many people find the scent of blooming Callery pears revolting, likening it to the stench of rotting fish or a dirty dumpster.

The various names reflect the history of this tree as it connects to scientists and horticulturalists:

  • The name Callery honors the nineteenth-century French priest and Sinologist (scholar of China) Joseph-Marie Callery, who sent samples of this plant to botanists in Europe. Callery pear was imported to America by Frank Meyer, a USDA scientist working in China tasked with locating disease-resistant fruit trees for US agriculture. (The sweet-tasting Meyer lemon was named for him.)
  • The cultivar 'Bradford' was named for Frederick Charles Bradford, one of the chiefs at a USDA plant station in Maryland in the early 1950s. He noticed the tree's ornamental qualities and began work to develop the cultivar that would be named for him. 'Bradford' pear was released to the public in 1963, 12 years after Bradford's death.

Callery pears are invasive. They can crowd and shade out our native plants, reducing the diversity of plants and, thus, of animals too. The wild forms often develop characteristics of the original Chinese trees, including stout thorns that make them difficult to clear. The thorns also discourage deer from browsing on them.

Apparently, few North American insects chew the leaves of Callery pear. While this is traditionally considered a "plus" for landscape plants, ecologists point out that plants that are not eaten by insects have little role in a healthy natural ecosystem. Plant-eating insects, for example, feed birds.

The fruits of Callery pear, though unpalatable to people, are readily eaten by songbirds such as American robin, northern cardinal, northern mockingbird, gray catbird, and European starling. The birds digest the fruits and poop out the seeds in new locations, spreading the species into natural habitats.

Callery pear's flowers are specialized for attracting flies, including blow flies, which serve as pollinators. This explains their fetid, dead-animal odor.

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James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org

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Callery pear grows invasively along a roadside.

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Jim Low

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Callery Pear Trees

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David Stonner

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David Stonner

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About Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines in Missouri

There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground.

Callery Pear: Accurate Identification

Callery or Bradford pear (Pyrus calleryana) is a widely planted invasive street and ornamental tree often found growing along roadsides, in old fields and hedgerows, and along forest edges. Recent cultivars were able to cross pollinate and produced viable seeds that are spread by wildlife. Pennsylvania is at the northern edge of its invasion front. This video will help you learn the identification characteristics of Callery pear, an important first step before implementing control measures.

(loud band) (mouse click)

- The invasive Callery pear native to Asia was brought into the United States in 1918 as rootstock for domesticated pears.

The Callery pear gained popularity in landscaping applications because of its small size and multi-season visual interest.

Unfortunately and despite intended uses the trees have become highly competitive invasive plants.

You may also know this tree as Bradford pear, a named cultivar widely planted as a street and ornamental tree starting in the 1960s.

Yet Callery pear branches grow at steep upright angles with weak support, often breaking due to heavy snow or high winds.

Trees rarely last more than 25 years or so, making it an undesirable tree even for its intended landscaping purpose.

Although the tree was initially bred to be sterile, cross pollination between cultivars has resulted in viable seed.

Pennsylvania is near the northern most edge of Callery pear's invasion front.

The species is well-established as an invader throughout the South and Midwest.

Though tolerant of partial shade Callery pear prefers full sun and often dominates areas in old fields, head rows, along roadsides and in forest edges where it displaces native species.

Callery pear is a small tree rarely reaching more than 40 feet tall or more than 12 inches in stem diameter.

The leaves are thick and waxy and arranged alternately.

They have a rounded or teardrop shape and measure approximately three inches across.

The leaf edge or margin is finely toothed and has a distinct ripple or wave.

Bark on young limbs is grayish brown and smooth.

As the tree grows larger the bark becomes deeply fissured or scaly.

Though the tree was initially bred to be thornless, naturalized individuals often exhibit stout, sturdy thorns.

Blossoms appear on this tree in early spring, infamous for their strong rancid odor.

The white five pedaled flowers are held together in a ball shaped bundle with each flower about three quarters of an inch across.

Later in the season tiny hard pears, each about a half inch in diameter form in these same clusters.

The fruit is green to brown in color and flecked with pale dots.

The abundance of fruit produced by the species is readily moved by a wildlife contributing to its spread.

Typically, wild populations are found close to a seed source as the fruit is large and not highly mobile on its own.

Callery pear also spreads vegetatively, sending new shoots up through its shallow root system as shown here.

Though tolerant of partial shade, Callery pear prefers full sun and is often found along roadsides, in old fields and head rows and along forest edges.

The first step to controlling this invasive tree is learning how to identify it.

Let's review.

To identify Callery pear look for a small tree with alternately arranged teardrop shape rippled leaves with finely toothed margins.

The bark is gray brown and becomes scaly with age.

White flowers in early spring form and in bundles, have a rancid odor followed by the appearance of clusters of hard fruits.

Identification is the first step to invasive plant control.

Now that you can properly identify Callery pear consider taking control measures where you find it.

Write Your Own Review

description and characteristics of the variety, advantages and disadvantages, features of planting and care + photo

Landscape design enthusiasts are happy to decorate their plots with various unusual plants. Even pears can be unusual, among which there are special decorative varieties. True, according to the diverse and conflicting information in various sources, it is sometimes difficult to determine whether certain varieties actually exist. Let's try to figure out what kind of plant is a decorative climbing annual pear.

Contents

  • 1 Decorative curly annual pear - what kind of "fruit" is it

  • 2 Decorative pears - description

    • 2.1 Decorative pears in autumn in the photo

  • 3 Varieties of ornamental pear

    • 3. 1 Pear Kalera Chanticleer

      • 3.1.1 Pear Kalera Chanticleer on video

    • 3.2 Pear Calleri Bradford

    • 3.3 Willow pear

      • 3.3.1 Willowleaf pear in photo

    • 3.4 Pear tree Beach Hill

  • 4 Planting and caring for ornamental pears

    • 4.1 Planting an ornamental pear tree

      • 4.1.1 Planting a pear tree on video

    • 4.2 Caring for ornamental pears

  • 5 Possibilities for shaping decorative pear

    • 5.1 Various forms of ornamental pear cultivation - Photo

  • 6 Diseases and pests of ornamental pear

  • 7 Reviews of gardeners

Decorative curly annual pear - what kind of "fruit" is it

Decorative pears are actively used in landscape design in almost all countries of the world. There are several well-known varieties: Bradford pear, Beach Hill, Willow. Many sources on the Internet often add some kind of “decorative annual climbing pear” to this list. This name immediately intrigues: how can a tree be an annual and even curly. All attempts to find more detailed information or a photo of the mysterious plant are fruitless. All articles on Russian-language sites that mention a curly pear present as a photograph ... a pumpkin! True, these pumpkins look like a pear. The text usually refers to the curly annual pear, but the description of varieties is given for ordinary ornamental pears.

The pretty pear-shaped fruits belong to the gourd and may well be used for ornamental purposes

A study of foreign sites leads to the conclusion that they do not know about climbing pears there either. There is a term "ornamental pear" - "decorative pear", but you will not be able to find the term climbing pear (curly pear). It can be assumed that someone mistranslated the expression pear curling leaf (twisted pear leaves) - a sign of a disease found in ornamental pears, and since then a myth has arisen about a curly pear that no one has ever seen.

So, we are talking about completely different plants: decorative pears (full-fledged large trees) and decorative pumpkins that give pear-shaped fruits.

Decorative pears - description

The ornamental or flowering pear (Pyrus calleryana), sometimes called the walnut pear, is an ornamental tree in the Rosaceae family. These trees tolerate urban conditions well, which is why they are sometimes called "urban pears". They are grown mainly for the beauty of flowering as components of landscape design. During flowering, the trees are covered with large white flowers, from which a strong and pleasant aroma emanates.

In spring, the decorative pear looks like a flower bouquet

I must say that decorative pears look impressive not only in spring. They have beautiful dense foliage (therefore, such pears can be used to create shady alleys and arbors), which by the fall takes on a bright red or golden red hue.

Decorative pears in autumn in the photo

Sometimes they turn bright red
Red and gold pears will decorate any garden or park
Red and gold leaves glow against the sky

Ornamental pear fruits are small, about 1-2 cm in diameter, usually inedible. At first, the fruits are colored green, which then changes to brown, and sometimes almost black. After leaf fall, the fruits often remain on the branches as a kind of decoration.

The fruits can remain on the branches for a long time even after the leaves have fallen

Varieties of ornamental pear

Several varieties of ornamental pears are now known. Let's consider the most common of them.

Pear Kalera Chanticleer

Pear Callery Chanticleer (Pyrus calleryana Chanticleer) is one of the most famous ornamental pear varieties. It comes from China, where it is found in the wild in forests and along river banks. The tree is characterized by intensive growth (growth of 30-40 cm per year) and reaches a height of 8-12 m. The correct, conical crown shape with age turns into a broad pyramidal, up to 5 m wide. Lateral branches grow vertically.

Trees are conical, becoming broader and more spreading with time

The trunk and branches are covered with smooth and even brown bark without thorns. Large (up to 12 cm long and 8 cm wide), oval-rounded dark green leaves have a shiny surface and bloom very early. Autumn color appears only in November and changes from yellow and orange to dark red and purple. When grown in cold climates and in moist soil, the leaves fall green (sometimes the foliage persists until January).

Sometimes the leaves take on the original bronze tint

The tree blossoms in April-May, very abundantly. Flowers may appear before the leaves open or at the same time. Most of the flowers are in clusters, with single flowers up to 2 cm in diameter.

Often the flowers appear at the same time as the leaves

The fruiting of the Chanticleer pear is abundant, although the fruits are very small - about 1 cm in diameter. The shape of the pears is oblong-round, the color of the skin is greenish-brown. These fruits are edible, though not particularly tasty.

The roots of the tree are very strong and deep. In general, the pear is undemanding, it can grow on almost any soil (provided it has drainage), although it prefers nutrient soils with a neutral or alkaline reaction. For good ripening of fruits and bright color of autumn foliage, good lighting is required. Under unfavorable conditions, young plants (trunk diameter up to 25–30 cm) can be damaged by frost. Becomes hardy with age. It blooms early, so it can suffer from spring frosts. With early snowfall, branches can break.

Wood is notable for its very low sensitivity to air pollution. It is thanks to this property that Chanticleer is well suited for urban landscaping.

Pear Kalera Chanticleer on video

Callery Pear Bradford

The Callery Bradford Pear (Pyrus calleryana Bradford) is an American Callery pear cultivar developed by Scanlon in 1959. When young, the tree grows at a moderate rate, which increases with age. The tree can reach a height of 12 m and a diameter of 9m. The crown is dense, symmetrical pyramidal in shape, grows in breadth in old age. The branches are compact and grow vertically.

Bradford pear crown dense and compact

Smooth, dark grey-brown bark becomes fissured with age. There are no thorns on the shoots. Growing on long petioles, wide oval-shaped leaves have a dark green color and a glossy surface. In autumn, the foliage turns orange-red, yellowish red or purple.

Leaves showy, glossy, rather large

Abundant flowering occurs in late March - early April. The corymbose inflorescences are composed of not too large creamy-white flowers.

Bradford pear flowers very large and beautiful

Shortly after flowering, small (up to 1.5 cm in diameter) fruits of low decorative properties are formed. They are inedible, have a light brown color and remain firm until frost.

Although the fruits are inedible, they do a good job of decorating

Compared to other ornamental varieties, the Bradford pear is short-lived - it lives up to 25 years.

Willow Pear

This variety of pear occurs naturally and is cultivated artificially in Asia and the Caucasus. The plant is very unpretentious to care, can grow even on salty, wet and dense soils. The only "whims" of the tree are light-loving and dislike for cold gusty winds.

Growth rate is low. The maximum height of the tree is 10–12 cm. The crown has the shape of a sprawling tent, the branches are somewhat drooping. The pear owes its name to narrow long pubescent leaves, similar to willow. Leaves are silvery when young, then darken to deep green.

Willowleaf pear in photo
In combination with long leaves, large white flowers look exotic.
The pear tree looks like a weeping willow.
The fruits of the willow leaf are of no nutritional value.

Pear blossoms in May with large white flowers collected in corymbose inflorescences. Fruits (ripe in August - September) are round or wide pear-shaped, painted in yellow or green-brown. Ivolistnaya is characterized by high winter hardiness and drought resistance, and also tolerates dust and gas pollution very well. The pear performs a decorative function for 30–40 years. Ivolistnaya is practically not affected by pests and diseases. Propagated by seeds.

Gusha Willowleaf on video

Decorative pear tree Beach Hill

The Beach Hill Ornamental Pear belongs to the variety Pyrus communis (Common Pear). In nature, this plant is common in Europe and Asia Minor.

It is a medium-sized tree (10–12 m, maximum 15 m) with a narrow pyramidal crown. The width of the crown reaches 5–7 m. It is characterized by a powerful branched structure. The intensity of growth is medium to high (increase 20–40 cm per year). The trunk is strong, covered with gray-brown bark.

Pear has a regular pyramidal crown

The tree is covered with dense foliage, consisting of large (up to 8 cm long) elliptical leaves of bright green color. In autumn, the foliage turns bright yellow or orange.

Leaves turn yellow-orange in autumn

Beach Hill blooms in April - May with large white flowers collected in a brush. The pear produces edible (though sour and tart) fruits up to 2.5 cm in size.

Small fruits are neither beautiful nor tasty

The root system of the tree is columnar, very powerful, thanks to which the tree is resistant to both drought and flooding. Easily tolerates urban conditions. Despite the photophilous grows well in partial shade. It is not particularly demanding on soils, but prefers dry, nutritious, slightly alkaline soils. The strong structure of a tree provides wind resistance. Frost resistance corresponds to zone 5 (suitable for cultivation in the southern regions of Russia and Ukraine). May be affected by late spring frosts. The tree is very durable - lives up to 150 years, but ages early on sandy soil .

Planting and caring for ornamental pears

Ornamental pears can be propagated by cuttings, grafting and seeds. The first two methods are more often used for the Willow pear (it is also propagated by root shoots), and planting with seeds is for all varieties of pears.

Planting an ornamental pear tree

Seeds are soaked for 3 days in warm water, which must be changed every day. On the last day, it is desirable to add growth stimulants (Ribav, Zircon, Epin). Then the seed must be stratified - exposed to cold (pear seeds germinate poorly without this operation). To do this, it is recommended to mix coco substrate, high-moor peat and river sand in equal proportions, and add 10% perlite. Seeds are placed in the moistened mixture (to a depth of 1-2 cm), covered with a perforated film and placed for 60-90 days in a cold (+3 . .. +5 about C) place. At home, the bottom shelf of the refrigerator is suitable for this operation. It is necessary to regularly check whether the substrate is moist enough and whether the seeds have rotted. By the end of the stratification period, the seeds should germinate.

Germinated seeds are removed from the refrigerator and planted in nutrient soil. After the appearance of 4 pairs of true leaves, a pick is carried out (transplanted into another dish or open ground with simultaneous cutting of the roots).

The author's own experience in growing pears from seed has been successful enough to be shared. Pear seeds, washed after being removed from the fruit and soaked for 3 days, are placed in a bag with wet sawdust or moss (the bag cannot be tightly tied) and placed in the refrigerator (vegetable compartment). After 3 months, the germinated seeds are carefully removed from the substrate and planted in the ground. The author planted each seed in a separate container (a liter tetra pack of milk). The containers are placed under the light of a phytolamp, and with sufficient daylight - on a window. Usually, by the second decade of February, the seedlings are already beginning to develop the second pair of leaves.

When pear seedlings grow up, they are moved to open ground.

Transplantation is best tolerated by one- and two-year-old seedlings.

Well-lit or semi-shaded areas are desirable for planting ornamental pears. The soil is preferably loamy or sandy, with a neutral pH. Most varieties, except Ivolistnaya, feel good on slightly alkaline soils. On heavy soils, planting is possible with good drainage.

The technique of planting an ornamental pear is practically the same as planting other fruit trees.

It is advisable to plant in the spring so that the plant has time to take root before winter. If planting in the fall, you need to calculate the planting time so that 3-4 weeks remain before frost.

Landing pit dimensions 0. 7 by 1.0 meters. The pit is filled with a mixture of fertile soil with compost and sand (proportion 2: 1: 1) and the addition of mineral fertilizers. A seedling with straightened roots is lowered into a hole, covered with soil and tamped down. Then watering is carried out and the near-stem circle is mulched with peat.

Planting pear on video

Caring for ornamental pears

There are no distinctive features in the care of ornamental pears. Requires standard watering (4-5 times per season), loosening the soil, top dressing and pruning.

Irrigation can be carried out in furrows, but sprinkler irrigation can also be used (especially for Willow Pear). The watering rate for a 10–20 year old tree is 30–40 liters.

Ornamental pears, like fruit pears, “love” sprinkling

Fertilizers should be applied every 2-3 years, and on very poor soils - annually. For each square meter of the trunk circle, 5–8 kg of compost, 15–20 g of urea, 20–25 g of potassium sulfate and 15–20 g of superphosphate are required.

Decorative pears are formed naturally. If you do not want to give them some special shape, they still need to be trimmed to increase wind resistance. Sanitary pruning to remove dry and diseased branches is carried out in autumn and spring, as well as for other varieties of pears.

The winter hardiness of decorative pears, especially young ones, is not too high, therefore, for the winter, boles and bases of skeletal branches should be insulated with paper, cloth, spruce branches, and the trunk circle should be covered with a thick layer of mulch (humus, peat).

Possibilities for shaping decorative pear

Since ornamental pears are not grown for their fruit, you can make any of your fantasies come true when shaping them. To obtain interesting shapes, you need tapestries made of wooden or metal gratings or wire stretched in several rows or a strong rope. Metal trellises need to be braided with plastic so that the metal does not damage the branches in frost.

Various forms of ornamental pear cultivation - photo

Trees located in the same plane look very unusual.
Tapestries make it possible to form a pear in two tiers
A flat support structure created from slats allows you to get an interesting shape of the pear crown

Ornamental pears can even be shaped into an arch by guiding and fixing their branches on curved trellises.

If the central conductor of the pear is guided along an arcuate support, an arch of trees can be obtained

Diseases and pests of ornamental pear

Being practically wild trees, ornamental pears rarely suffer from diseases and pests. Nevertheless, for prevention, it is desirable to periodically treat plants with fungicides and insecticides.

Ornamental pears (particularly the Bradford variety) are most likely to be affected by fire blight and leaf spot. Bacterial fire manifests itself in the blackening of the ends of twigs and leaves, but can also spread to flowers and fruits. The easiest way to detect the first signs of the disease is in the spring - during flowering, the affected flowers dry up and turn brown, as if from a burn. The disease is caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora from the Enterobacteriaceae family.

Fire blight causes young leaves to turn brown as if exposed to a flame

The disease can be treated by treating with copper-containing preparations and removing the affected parts of the plant.

Erwinia amylovora, a causative pear blight, is the same microbe in the Enterobacteriaceae family as Escherichia and Shigella, Salmonella and Yersinia, which cause digestive disorders in humans. Therefore, the drugs used in the treatment of diarrhea in humans also work well on it.

Pear leaf spot is caused by the fungus Entomosporium and usually appears in autumn and spring. One of the earliest symptoms is the appearance of red spots on the surface and base of young leaves. As the leaves mature, the spots turn gray and then black and spread over the entire leaf blade. The disease can be treated with fungicides (Fitosporin-M, Fundazol, Topaz).

When affected by brown spotting, the leaf becomes covered with dark spots and dries up

Pear leaf curl is caused by vesiculate taphrine. This disease rarely affects the ornamental pear tree, but can cause great harm, as it causes rapid leaf fall. Young leaves thicken, become uneven (curly), turn red-yellow. The fight against the disease consists in pruning and burning diseased shoots, as well as spraying with a solution of iron (3%) or copper (1%) vitriol before bud break.

Under the influence of the fungus, pear leaves curl, their surface becomes uneven

Reviews of gardeners

If you want to decorate an archway or gazebo with a climbing plant with pear-shaped fruits, you can plant an ornamental pumpkin. If you prefer trees, plant an ornamental pear that blooms beautifully and looks elegant in both spring and autumn. The existing varieties of these interesting trees will satisfy the most demanding landscape designer.

  • Author: Maria Radkevich