How to keep bears away from fruit trees


Protect your crops and orchards from black bears

Black bears are expanding their range in Massachusetts. Here is everything you need to know to protect your crops and orchards from black bear damage.

Overview

  • Use temporary or permanent electric fences to safeguard your crops and orchards. Be sure to keep weeds from growing and shorting out the fence. Keep the power on at all times and be sure to regularly check and maintain chargers or batteries. Do not place fences next to trees. Bears will climb the tree and then jump down inside the fence. Teach bears about electric fences by placing bacon strips or foil strips with peanut butter or honey on the hot wires of the fence. This delivers a shock to the most sensitive part of a bear, its nose. A painful shock to the nose is the most effective deterrent. Be sure to test your fence and ensure it is putting out 6,000 volts. Review the Electric Fencing Guide and contact your MassWildlife District Office for advice on electric fencing.
  • Noisemakers, such as propane cannons, may be effective in some circumstances, but the bears may become used to them or simply move to another field.
  • Keep open, mowed areas on all sides around the crops.
  • When possible, cut back the vegetation on wooded overgrown gullies that bears can use as pathways.
  • Alternate corn with other row crops to provide less food and cover.
  • Contact local bear hunters to hunt in your fields. The early September bear season coincides with the peak of bear-caused crop damage. Contact a MassWildlife  District Office or a local sportsmans’ club for help connecting with bear hunters.
  • In some instances, permitted houndsmen may use bear hounds to chase bears away from crops or orchards they are damaging. This relief may be temporary. Contact a MassWildlife District Office or the Massachusetts Environmental Police at 1 (800) 632-8075 for more information.

Additional Resources for

Property damage

  • If you are (or anticipate) suffering property damage caused by a bear, please contact the nearest MassWildlife District Office right away. MassWildlife biologists will provide you with advice that can lessen the problem.
  • Under certain circumstances, landowners, tenants, members of their immediate families, or persons permanently employed by them may kill a bear that is caught in the act of damaging their property. When authorized, lethal measures against bears may only be employed in accordance with provisions of Chapter 131, Section 37, Massachusetts General Laws. Bears taken in this manner must immediately be reported to the Environmental Police at 1 (800) 632-8075. A written report detailing the number/species taken under Sec. 37 must be submitted by January 31 of the following year.

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If You Build It, They Will…Stay Away!? | by Defenders of Wildlife | Wild Without End

While not exactly how the old saying goes, this was precisely Defenders’ hope when we joined forces with USDA Wildlife Services and the Natural Resources Defense Council to build a fence around Noble Orchards in the small Sierra foothill town of Paradise, California, to protect both native wildlife and a family-owned business from harm.

At the height of the 2017 ripening fruit season at the 15-acre orchard, scores of black bears preparing for a long winter’s nap descended on the Nobles’ property in Butte County to feast on calorie-laden apples and peaches. Each fall, bears enter a phase called hyperphagia as they prepare for hibernation, during which they consume as many calories as the they can in order to build up their fat reserves. Unfortunately, these bears didn’t delicately pick fruit off the trees, but instead, they tore down branch after branch, damaging and in some cases completely destroying the mature, fruit-bearing trees. During the five-week period when the most damage occurred, the Nobles lost 15 to 30 trees per night. By the end of the season, bears damaged or destroyed 832 trees, totaling more than $2.36 million dollars — significant losses for this small family business that’s been operating for nearly 100 years.

Owner Laurie Noble surveys fruit trees damaged by black bears

Unfortunately for the bruins, their damaging behavior resulted in the lethal removal of seven bears from the property by wildlife management officials. But nature abhors a vacuum and killing “nuisance” wildlife seldom solves the root cause of conflicts. In discussion with the Nobles, the local USDA Wildlife Services representative recognized that there had to be a better way to resolve the problem and ran it up to his supervisor. The agency leadership agreed to offer assistance of a different kind.

For the past few years, Defenders of Wildlife and the Natural Resources Defense Council have been working with USDA Wildlife Services offices throughout the western United States to strengthen our relations and explore new ways to minimize conflicts between agricultural producers and wildlife without relying on lethal means. When the USDA Wildlife Service’s California director learned of the situation at Noble Orchards, he reached out to Defenders and NRDC to try something new: reinforcing the Nobles’ barrier fence with electric fencing to deter bears from entering the orchards, and in turn, protecting the fruit trees, the Nobles’ livelihood, and the bears.

This innovative approach to increase coexistence — allowing wildlife and humans to share the landscape — is an area where Defenders has much expertise. Properly installed electric fencing is proven to be a simple and effective way to keep bears and other wildlife out of trouble as they seek out attractants such as garbage, beehives, gardens, chickens, livestock, or in the case of this project, trees heavy with ripe fruit.

This year brings the eighth year of Defenders’ popular Electric Fence Incentive Program, which reimburses landowners 50 percent of the cost of an electric fence (up to $500) for securing items that attract grizzly bears in the Northern Rockies. While we have helped complete more than 320 electric fences on private lands in Idaho, Montana, Wyoming and eastern Washington, this was our first electric fence project to deter black bear conflicts in California.

“Team Noble” convened at the Paradise-based orchard to roll up our sleeves and get the project done

Back in Paradise, there was much work to be done and it was going to take assistance from all parties to make this project happen. Partners did a site assessment in spring of 2018 to determine the game plan: how much and what kind of equipment and materials would be required, when would we do the work, and how many boots on the ground would it take to get us across the finish line. “Team Noble” — consisting of 15 representatives from our four partnering groups — convened at the orchard earlier this summer for three long workdays to get the project done.

The Nobles and their staff worked tirelessly through the late spring and early summer to finish reconstruction of their 8’ interior barrier fence around the orchard, which is designed to keep deer out but would also serve as the foundation for the bear-resistant electric fence. USDA Wildlife Services brought their welding expertise to the table in a big way, by fabricating hundreds of metal brackets needed to bolster the many fence corners and then welding those into place. With the hot and dry conditions, the utmost of caution was exercised to avoid sparking any fires while welding.

USDA Wildlife Services brought their welding expertise to the project (left) and Defenders, NRDC and Noble Orchards workers installed more than a thousand insulators on the barrier fence posts to attach the electric fence (right)

The electric fence selected for this project was a 4-wire design. With more than 300 fence posts around the orchard, we got busy installing more than 1,200 insulators! There was a bit of trial and error to start, but once we found our stride, team members quickly became experts at this tedious yet important task.

Stringing and tightening the electric wire along the barrier fence and gates came next. The grounding rods were sunk into the hard earth and then came the moment of truth: testing the electric fence after our days of hard labor.

The switch was flipped and…nothing. Nothing?!

Defenders’ Rockies and Plains Associate and electric fencing expert, Russ Talmo, didn’t flinch. He reassured us that this is more common than one might imagine, but nothing that a quick walk around the fence to do a little troubleshooting wouldn’t fix. So our team split up and headed in opposite directions along the fenceline to see if we could find any places where the electric wires may be in contact with the metal barrier fence. Sure enough, we found a few. We anxiously returned to test the electric fence once again.

Success: IT’S HOT!

Defenders’ Rockies and Plains Associate and electric fencing expert, Russ Talmo, shares tips with the Nobles and their staff on troubleshooting and testing their new electric fence

We installed several motion-triggered cameras to monitor any critters’ attempts to climb the new fence and gain access to the orchard. We will review the photos and videos from these cameras to see what images and footage they capture — and to see how the local wildlife reacts to this new electrified barrier. It is important to gather data from these projects to improve our understanding of wildlife behavior and increase our success on future projects.

Motion-triggered cameras were installed to monitor critters that may attempt to climb the newly electrified fence at Noble Orchards

As the saying goes, many hands make light work — and that was certainly the case with the Noble fence build. We would like to extend our thanks to Noble Orchards and USDA Wildlife Services for reaching out to us to partner on this innovative and collaborative project to safeguard the Nobles’ orchard as well as the local wildlife in Paradise. We look forward to continuing our important work together to increase the use of nonlethal tools and strategies to reduce human-wildlife conflicts here in California and throughout the western United States. These kinds of powerful partnerships help wildlife by keeping them alive and out of trouble while helping landowners like the Nobles keep their businesses thriving.

- Pam

How to escape from a bear in the forest: run away, scare away, defend yourself

If a person who does not have the goal of hunting finds himself in the forest, then a meeting with a bear will become an unpleasant and very dangerous event for him. In this article, we will analyze how to protect yourself from a bear, how to hide from it, and what to do if it was not possible to avoid a collision with a predator.

Why does the animal attack?

If a bear sees a person in the forest, most likely, the forest dweller will try to hide, because he will be frightened. Often attacks occur for no apparent reason. However, there are a number of situations that make bears fight people.

The need for defense and protection. Like any other creature, the owner of the forest feels threatened. He may regard the approach of a person as a danger if there are cubs nearby or he has found food. In this situation, he may scratch you with huge claws or bite you with large teeth. An animal can inflict non-life-threatening wounds, even if it didn't intend to kill you. To prevent this from happening, you need to know how to escape from a bear in the forest.

Predation. This type of attack is the most dangerous, because it is in this case that the bear is aimed at inflicting mortal wounds on its victim. According to statistics, male black bears attack people most often. This is due to the fact that they have either never met a person or are not afraid of him and see him as affordable food. Connecting rods are especially dangerous - predators that did not hibernate or were disturbed.

How to avoid danger?

One must be very careful in the forest and pay attention to the little things that indicate the presence of a bear. Here are the tips to follow to prevent an animal encounter.

Leave the bear trail, which consists of two rows of shallow holes.

Move in groups. Make noise, talk loudly, bang spoons on iron mugs, use a bicycle bell.

Avoid thick bushes. A predator can hide in them.

Do not cook near the tent, store food away from the camp. Bears approach by the smell of food.

Do not take smoked meats into the forest, burn garbage and wash dishes thoroughly. An animal should not associate available food with a person.

Take your dogs with you. They can not only scare away an angry predator, but also divert his attention.

If you see cubs, do not play with them. Their mother will see you as a threat.

When fishing, cut the line if you feel the presence of a bear. He will think that you are encroaching on his food.

Remain calm when attempting to leave a dangerous area. Don't show your fear.

If you meet a curious bear, show him that he sees a person. Raise your hands, speak in a calm voice. Don't be scared if he gets up on his hind legs. This means that it is not dangerous.

Don't try to run away. The bear develops a speed of up to 60 km / h and kills the victim in 90% of 100%. The best way to scare a bear away from a camp is with noise. By running, you, on the contrary, awaken instincts in him.

If an attack is imminent, you will have to shoot. Aim for the spine or brain, in extreme cases, the chest.

Attack strategies.

Bears, as a rule, show aggression towards humans only in a state of irritation. There are three ways to attack.

- Persecution. In this case, the predator moves in the same direction as the prey, after which it suddenly attacks the person. There are cases when a bear tracked people on the trail of an all-terrain vehicle.

- Ambush. The predator waits for a prey in a certain place, most often not far from human habitation.

- Open attack. The animal moves very fast, attacking on 4 legs. It moves by jumping. At the same time, the ears are pressed to the head, and the hair stands on end. The bear bares its teeth in a grin and growls.

How to run away from a bear?

If you cannot avoid the meeting, do not try to run away. These animals run faster than Olympic champions. Don't be comforted by the fact that you were the best cross-country racer in school. It will not help you to be saved!

Remember the advice given by experienced hunters: "The only people who run away from a bear are those who do not understand that this will only provoke him to attack." If you want to hide from a predator, then you need to move slowly, without turning your back on him. In this case, you can not make sudden movements.

Continuing the story of how to protect yourself from a bear in the forest, let's remind you of what else you can't do. Don't try to climb the tree. Bears are great climbers, which means the animal is more likely to follow you. As a result, the predator will catch you anyway.

Ways to scare off the owner of the forest.

How can you scare away a bear? The most effective way is noise. You should stick to the route and move mainly on flat areas in order to be able to notice the intruder from afar. In this case, you can scare him with loud conversations and roll calls. To create noise, use a bicycle bell or a spoon with an iron pot.

Why is it so important to make noise in the forest? Bears have an excellent sense of smell and eyesight, but their hearing is not so well developed. Therefore, if you are quiet, an unexpected meeting can provoke an attack. If he hears you in advance, he may even prefer to avoid meeting with a person.

Some people take bicycles to the forest. It's not the best idea. The fact is that while riding a bike you move faster than walking, but you do not make loud noises. Moreover, there is a chance that you will go along the animal path, and this is guaranteed to lead to a meeting with the owner of the forest. If you decide to ride your bike into the woods, yell and make noise from time to time.

If an appointment is unavoidable.

How to protect yourself from a bear without a weapon? The first thing to understand is that you have a predator in front of you that should not be underestimated. When meeting, you need to behave calmly, but confidently. Show him that you spotted the beast. There is a good chance that the bear will stand up on its hind legs to examine you. If he doesn't start moving in your direction, try to retreat diagonally.

Remember that an animal is afraid of beings that are larger than it. You can put a backpack next to you. If you went to the forest with a group, climb onto each other's shoulders and wave various objects, clap your hands. You can join hands, forming a single whole. All this will scare the predator.

How to protect yourself?

If none of the ways to scare away a bear at a meeting did not help, you can pretend to be dead. How? Lie on the ground with your stomach down, cover your head with your hands. Do not move even when the predator starts sniffing you. Wait a while after he leaves, and only then change position. At this point, you can not give any signs of life, because this can provoke an attack. Remember that this method can be used when encountering a brown bear. Black bears, on the contrary, will show curiosity towards you or take you for available prey.

Pepper spray can be used. It is used only when the predator is very, very close to you. Otherwise, on the contrary, it will irritate the animal. It's the same with weapons: shoot if you're sure you can kill an aggressive bear. Aim for the head: eyes or nose.

Encounter with a sleeping predator.

The first thing to remember is that a sleeping bear must not be disturbed under any circumstances. Do not try to take a picture of it or take a closer look! If you stumble upon it, immediately leave as far as possible. Try to move very quietly so that the animal does not wake up. How to escape from a bear in the forest if you find him sleeping? Do not touch him, because the awakened predator will be furious, which means that his attack can be fatal for you.

If the bear is eating.

If you are not lucky enough to witness a bear meal, then you need to freeze and show with your whole appearance that you are not interested in his food. Loud talking is what you can scare away a bear in the forest if you caught him at dinner. Remember: by making different sounds, you only buy yourself time to increase the distance between yourself and the predator. Back away slowly, moving diagonally. Don't make sudden movements. Be as calm as possible.

If there are several bears.

The possibility of encountering a group of predators cannot be ruled out. This can happen in several cases:

- The female is raising her cubs.

-The mother drove away the young animals, but they are still moving in a group.

-The rutting period has begun.

In the latter case, the animals fight to the death, because they are very aggressive. Both females and males are dangerous.

If you come across a group of young bears, then you have a better chance of escaping. Yes, they have not yet seen people and may attack, but there is a chance to scare them away.

Danger will overtake you if you meet a she-bear and her brood in the forest. If the female thinks that the cubs are in danger, she will fight with anyone. Therefore, when you see a bear cub, hurry to retreat - his mother is always nearby.

Meeting with a hunter.

Even if you are an experienced hunter, you need to know how to escape from a bear in the forest, because a meeting with this predator can be deadly. You cannot predict at what point an animal will appear in your field of vision.

If you notice that his figure has flashed nearby, do everything possible so that he does not notice you. If the bear has scented you, try to drive it away. To do this, you need to clap your hands loudly and shoot in the air. Do not aim at the animal, because a wounded predator is dangerous.

What can not be done?

How to escape from a bear in the forest? To do this, you need not only to know how to act in a given situation, but also to have an idea of ​​what cannot be done. It is forbidden to do the following:

- Play with the cubs.

-Climb trees. Brown bears will be able to catch up with you even there.

- Sneak up on a predator. If it seems to you that he does not notice you, you are deeply mistaken. The animal will think that you are attacking it and will start to defend itself.

- Run away. We have already written that bears develop tremendous speed.

- Turn your back. This action will be regarded as a signal to attack.

- Make sudden movements. This will be perceived as aggression, which will lead to a bear attack.

-Look the animal in the eye. The predator will think that this is a challenge, and then the attack is inevitable.

Thus, bears are dangerous animals that can attack a person and even kill him. There are different ways to escape from a bear in the forest, but none of them guarantees safety, because a predator can behave unpredictably. Most attacks occur due to human negligence, so it is very important to be extremely careful in the forest.

How to protect yourself from bears - Wiki How To English

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If you live, work or travel in areas where bears are present, take care of your own safety. Keep anything that has a strong smell, such as food waste and other rubbish, away from your campsite, car, or home. However, if you do encounter a bear, don't panic and try to get to a safe distance as quickly as possible. If an animal, be it a brown or black bear, starts chasing you, use pepper spray to scare it away.

Steps

  1. 1

    Purchase sturdy waste containers. Bears are attracted to the smell of food, so they often rummage through garbage cans. This can be prevented by using sufficiently strong containers with a lockable lid. [1] X The source of information

    • You can also keep the trash cans in a closed shed.
    • Try to take out the garbage on time so that it does not accumulate near the house.
    • Place trash in two bags to cover the odor. Clean trash cans frequently to remove any remaining odor. You can also spray them with ammonia - its smell will scare away bears. [2] X The source of information
    • Never mix ammonia and bleach as this produces toxic fumes.
  2. 2

    Remove bird feeders during the spring and summer months. Bears are omnivores and love to eat seeds. In addition, they are good at climbing trees. A bear hungry after hibernation may well visit your site in search of something tasty. [3] X The source of information

    • If you want to leave bird feeders, hang them high enough. Place feeders at least 3 meters from the ground so that there are no trees next to them. Do not forget to also regularly clean the ground under the feeder from fallen seeds.
    • If you see a bear near the bird feeders, do not fill them with new seeds for at least a month. [4] X The source of information
  3. 3

    Cut down fruit trees. Like seeds, fruits also attract bears, especially if you don't harvest on time. If you still want to leave fruit trees, try to keep them as far away from the house as possible. Plant trees at the far end of your garden or yard. [5] X The source of information

    • Try to pick fruits as soon as they are ripe or even slightly unripe. Remove fallen fruit so that it does not spoil under the trees.
  4. 4

    Do not leave pet food outside, especially at night. Bears are attracted to any food, including food for dogs and other pets. If you have to leave food outside, remove it at night when the bears are most active and come out looking for food. [6] X The source of information

    • If you have to store food outside, use airtight containers that don't let in odors. [7] X The source of information
  5. 5

    Keep compost and firewood at the far end of your yard. Food scraps thrown into the compost, especially strong-smelling fruits such as melon or pineapple, may attract bears. Firewood attracts insects and other small animals, which also serve as food for bears. [8] X The source of information

    • Do not compost strong-smelling fruits as they may attract bears.
  6. 6

    Clean the grill after every use. Use flames on the grill to burn off any leftover food. Scrub the grill with a brush while it is hot. When the grill is warm to the touch, scrub it with a stiff brush, dish soap and warm water to remove the grease. Pay special attention to the grate and the area below it. [9] X The source of information

    • Leftover food, especially dripping fat, can attract a bear. Try to keep the grill out of the bear's reach. [10] X The source of information
  7. 7

    Do not leave food near the house. If you eat outside, bring leftover food indoors when evening falls. Do not leave food outside in the hope that birds will eat it, as this may attract bears. [11] X The source of information

    • Wipe down the table and clean up any leftover food.
  8. 8

    Protect hives and chicken coops with an electric fence. Bears are not averse to feasting on chickens and honey. Move the coop and beehives away from the house and cover them with an electric fence. [12] X The source of information

    • An electric fence can be purchased from a hardware store. To install an electric fence, place the posts 12 meters apart. Hang the insulation on the poles and stretch the wire between them. Connect the wire to the charger so that current flows through it.
  9. 9

    Use deterrent devices to keep bears away from your home and garden. An electric fence and spotlights with a motion sensor are enough to protect the garden. In addition, bears can break the glass, so you can install bars on the windows. [13] X The source of information

    • Bears can also be repelled by water sprinklers with an animal motion sensor.
  10. 10

    Winterize all areas under terraces and thresholds. Bears like to hide in such places (especially in winter), so block them. Board them up with wooden boards. You can also fill with boards and other places that bears can crawl into. [14] X The source of information

    • Reinforce utility doors and secure windows with sturdy shutters. Bears may try to hide in outbuildings, especially if they are sure that there are no people nearby. [15] X Reliable source The Humane Society of the United States Go to source

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  1. 1

    Camp away from places that attract bears. Bears like to visit hiking trails and fishing spots. In addition, they can often be found near the remains of animals. Bears can visit the camp even if your predecessors left food waste behind them. Avoid these places and try to camp away from them. [16] X The source of information

    • Choose open areas for the camp where you can see the approach of a bear in advance.
  2. 2

    Cook food at least 100 meters from the tents. The distance between the tents and the place where you cook food must be at least the length of a football field. To be far enough away from the tents, move away from them 120 steps. This will help keep bears away from where you sleep. [17] X The source of information

  3. 3

    Use food that does not emit strong odors - canned and dried. The smell of food is one of the main factors that attract bears. For example, these animals may be attracted to the smell of fresh fish. Eat cured and cured meats, dried fruits, canned soups, and try not to fry your food over a fire to avoid attracting bears. [18] X The source of information

    • However, remember that bears have a very keen sense of smell, so they may be attracted to food with a slight smell.
  4. 4

    Store food in strong containers. Use strong containers that bears cannot open. These containers can be purchased at travel stores. They are not only durable, but also help to hide the smell of stored products. Other sealed containers can be used for this purpose. [19] X The source of information

    • Do not keep food in the tent so that the bear does not climb into it while you sleep. Store food in a trailer or car where a bear cannot get into. [20] X The source of information
    • If you must stop in the wilderness, cover all food in a strong container and hang it up to 3 meters from the ground. There should be at least 1.2 meters between the container and other branches and the tree trunk. [21] X The source of information
    • Before going to bed, remove the clothes in which you cooked food and change into new clothes. Place food-scented clothing in a food container.
  5. 5

    Keep objects with a strong smell away. Bears are attracted not only by the smell of food. The animal is able to interest almost all strong odors, including the smell of cosmetics and soap. Hide soap, deodorant, insect repellant, and toothpaste in the same place where you keep groceries. [22] X The source of information

    • Even better, leave all items with a strong smell at home.
  6. 6

    Clean the area where you have prepared food. Do not leave food near the camp as it may attract bears. Pack all the leftover food around your camp in a bag. [23] X The source of information

    • Wash used utensils with warm soapy water, then rinse with clean water.
  7. 7

    Remove all food waste from camp before bed. If you're staying at a designated campsite, move your garbage container away before bed to reduce the risk of bears visiting you. [24] X The source of information

    • Before throwing out the slop, remove the pieces of food from the slop and throw them into the food waste bag.
    • If you're camping in the middle of nowhere, hang food and trash bags from a tree. Hang them at a distance of at least 3 meters from the ground, away from the trunk and neighboring branches.
    • Never bury or burn food waste as the bear might find it. [25] X The source of information

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  1. 1

    Purchase a special food bag. Bears have an extremely keen sense of smell, and in summer and autumn they constantly wander in search of food. A special "bear" bag will help hide the smell of food and not attract the attention of animals.

    • These bags are made of very strong polyethylene that bears cannot tear. Wrap food in aluminum foil and place in a bag. To reduce odors, wrap everything in an airtight plastic bag.
  2. 2

    Try not to be silent while walking: talk, sing and make other noise. The bear is most dangerous if caught off guard. The noise will indicate your presence, and the animal will most likely try to hide. [26] X The source of information

    • If you don't feel like talking, turn on the radio.
  3. 3

    Travel in a group to scare away bears. A bear is more likely to approach a lone person than a group of people. A few people make more noise, and the animal will prefer to retreat. [27] X The source of information

  4. 4

    If you see a bear in the distance, try to avoid it. Step back slowly while keeping an eye on the animal. Choose a different route, or just go back the way you came. Leave the bear alone and he won't chase you. [28] X The source of information

    • In any case, try not to approach the bear. If you spot an animal, leave the dangerous area.

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  1. 1

    Stay where the bear is coming towards you. Bears run much faster than people, and if you run, you can provoke the beast to chase you. Instead, wave your arms and make loud noises. Often, bears prefer to retire rather than attack. [29] X The source of information

    • Do not make eye contact with the bear as he may perceive this as a threat. [30] X The source of information
    • Do not attempt to climb a tree. This can only help if the tree is close to you and if you can quickly rise at least 9 meters above ground level. A black bear can climb a tree after you. Brown bears climb trees worse, although in this case the beast may try to chase you. [31] X The source of information
  2. 2

    Use bear spray if a bear attacks you. This is a type of pepper spray that sprays farther than other similar sprays. It sprays up to 10 meters. If a bear approaches you, spray a cloud of liquid between you and the beast. [32] X Reliable source U.S. National Park Service Go to source

    • To use the spray, remove the safety catch and press the nozzle. Spray when the bear is about 10-20 meters away from you. If the bear gets even closer, you can spray the spray directly into his face.
    • Bear Spray requires some skill to use, so practice with a spare can. Try to spray liquid along, across and against the wind.
    • Keep the can close at hand, for example in a travel bag. If you suddenly need it, you will not have time to look for it.
    • Do not spray on yourself, clothing or equipment. Pepper spray is safe as long as it doesn't get on the face, but the smell dissipates quickly, so it's not very useful as a repellent that can be used ahead of time.
  3. 3

    If the bear continues to attack, play dead. Occasionally, bears do not retreat: in this case, fall on your side, bend your legs to your chest, cover your head with your hands and freeze. This position will cover the vitals and let the beast know that you are not a threat, so he can retreat. [33] X The source of information

  4. 4

    Fight back if the bear continues to attack you. If the beast hasn't been affected by your pretending to be dead and hasn't backed off in a few minutes, it's time to fight back. Beat the bear with your hands and feet, throw stones at it, use sticks and everything that is at hand. You may be able to scare him away. [34] X The source of information

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Warnings

  • Don't scare away bears with ammonia cans. This is inhumane, since ammonia can blind the beast.
  • Do not mix ammonia and bleach as this produces toxic fumes. Use either ammonia or bleach to clean trash cans.

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How to protect yourself from bears - Wiki How English

If you live, work or travel where bears are found, take care of your own safety. Keep anything that has a strong smell, such as food waste and other rubbish, away from your campsite, car, or home. However, if you do encounter a bear, don't panic and try to get to a safe distance as quickly as possible. If an animal, be it a brown or black bear, starts chasing you, use pepper spray to scare it away.


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