How to kill a mango tree
How to kill Mango tree
Mango or Mangifera Indica is one of the most popular tree species in South Asia. They belong to the evergreen family of trees and are considered to be the national fruit of India and the Philippines. There are over 400 varieties of Mango trees and each one produces slightly different fruit in terms of size, taste, and color.
Let’s take a look at some of the ways you can kill Mango trees and their root system.
Table of Contents
How to Kill Mango Trees?
When it comes to killing mango or Mangifera Indicas, you have a number of methods to choose from:
- Foliar Spray
- Cutting the tree down and treating the stump with Herbicides
- Gridling or ring barking
- Basal Bark treatment
- Injecting the tree with killing chemicals
- Cut surface treatment
If you wish to learn more about each of these methods, I will be publishing a huge guide on how to kill trees without cutting them down.
It should also be noted that these are mostly just the killing methods, in some cases, you will still have to cut the tree once it dies.
The best way to kill a small Mango tree
Mangifera Indicas take a long time to properly establish themselves. Therefore, it is relatively easy to kill them during the first few years of their growth. The average height you can expect them to grow during this time is about 10-15 feet. As long as the diameter of the tree is less than 6 inches, you should ideally go for Basal Bark Treatment.
The steps to kill a small Mango tree:
- You will need a backpack sprayer for spraying a chemical or a herbicide.
- Use an oil soluble mixture of a herbicide. The ideal proportion for mixing should be 1 part herbicide and 4-part oil carrier. A suitable oil carrier would be diesel, kerosene or basal oil
- The best options you can go for is Tryclopyr from Amazon. (allilate link). However, in some states industrial herbicides are available, like Garlon 4 Ultra, Relegate, Forestry Garlon XRT.
- Once you have the solution, spray the bottom 20 inches of the trunk with this solution and let it dry out, repeat this process again for faster absorption.
- If the tree is on the larger side, slash some parts of the bark with an axe to make deep gashes which will enhance the absorption of the tree killing solution.
You can kill a young Mangifera Indica during any time of the year if it has not started fruiting. You don’t have to worry about more trees propping up because of the season you pick for killing the Mango tree.
The best way to kill a large Mango tree
Mangifera Indicas can large, with a maximum height of more than 100 feet. They can also keep fruiting for a long time, some trees have been found to be producing fruits for up to 400 years. While killing large Mangifera Indica, you need to make sure that the root system is killed as well.
Big Mangifera Indicas can have extremely deep roots because of their size and age, a lot of times the root system can revive the tree if not killed properly.
There are ways you can go about it, either use Girdling along with Cut Surface treatment or simply cut the tree down and treat the stump with herbicides.
Girdling along with Cut Surface treatment
Ringbarking would be the easiest and the most efficient method for killing a large Mango tree as it will stop the nutrient flow from the roots to the stems and the leaves.
Steps to kill a large mango tree:
- You will need to either get a big axe or chainsaw for this method.
- Remove a ring of bark around the entire tree, about 4-8 inches wide.
- For extra measure, spray some herbicide along the exposed bark.
Once this is done, you can start with the Cut Surface treatment.
- A little above where you have girdled the tree, start making deep cuts into the bark of the tree using an axe. The cuts should be made along the entire circumference of the tree.
- The cuts should be at least 2-3 inches deep
- Spray some herbicide like Roundup into these holes as quickly as possible and let it dry out.
Using these two methods in conjunction will help to speed up the process to kill the tree for good.
Find more about my recommended herbicides here.
Cutting down the tree
If you are in a real hurry or if the Mangifera Indica is infested with insects or with some disease, you can simply cut the tree down and treat the stump with herbicides to prevent it from growing back.
You should ideally kill a Mangifera Indica during the fall. This is because after the fall the tree starts producing fruits and if you kill during summer or spring, these fruits can produce new trees.
Can you kill a Mango tree without cutting it down?
Mango or Mangifera Indica can be killed without cutting them down. The preferred methods for doing so would be ringbarking, basal bark treatment, or cut surface treatment. More about this here.
Consider the fact that once the tree is dead, it will start decomposing over time and it can fall on the nearby property thus it should be cut down.
Here’s an article on how to tell if a tree is dead.
Things to consider before removing a tree on your own
Mangifera Indicas as I have mentioned before can be huge. Their root systems will go very deep thus being hard to remove on your own. On top of this, this species is known to cause dermatitis to sensitive people through its sap.
Handling a Mangifera Indica can be tricky on your own, especially if you are not experienced in the field of tree-killing.
Once the tree is dead, it will eventually start decomposing and fall. To remove the tree, you will have to get it cut down, transported, and get the stump treated.
Hire a professional tree removal service
Hiring a professional while dealing with Mangifera Indica makes a lot more sense when you think about the entire tree removal procedure. A professional will take care of almost the entire process from killing the tree to transporting it off the property. They can also professionally deal with all of the sap and insects which often infest Mango trees.
If you decide to simply get the tree cut down, you should definitely hire a professional to do it. Cutting down huge trees is risky, especially if you don’t have any experience.
Take a look at my tree removal cost guide here to get an idea how much will it cost.
Frequently Asked Questions
How prone is Mangifera Indica to diseases or insect infestation?
Because this species is primarily grown in tropical climates, the chances of diseases and insects are higher than usual. Some types of diseases on Mangifera Indica can cause skin irritation on humans.
Which time of the year is most suitable for killing Mangifera Indica?
The best time of the year to kill a mature Mangifera Indica is during fall, or once the fruiting season is over. This way you won’t have to worry about new trees propping up once the tree is killed.
Can you use the Foliar Spray method on Mangifera Indicas?
The foliar Spray method is quite effective on young Mangifera Indicas. Because this species is evergreen and has good-sized leaves, the chemical absorption is good, furthermore, this method can be used year-round.
The easiest method for small Mango trees, besides cutting it down straight away, is considered to be foliar spray. For bigger trees, you should stick to ringbarking, cut surface treatment, or use both.
- How to kill a Coconut tree
- What kills trees quickly
I am the guy behind Theyardable.com. I grew up on a homestead and I am here to share the knowledge I have and things I learn while living in the countryside.
How Not to Kill Your Mango Tree | Home Guides
By Joshua Duvauchelle
The mango tree can help add a touch of the tropics to yards in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10b through 11. Its lush, dense foliage provides shade while its brightly colored fruit can be eaten fresh or in smoothies or baked goods. While mango trees are relatively low maintenance, you need to make sure you meet the mango tree's needs so you don't kill it.
Weed and Grass Invasions
When the mango tree is first planted, its shallow roots are sensitive to the growth of other plants. In fact, until the tree is fully established and mature -- which can take approximately a year -- its roots cannot compete with other plants for soil nutrients and moisture. If you don't defend the tree, it could die from malnourishment. During this time, maintain a weed- and grass-free zone throughout the mango tree's drip line. The drip line is the area directly under the tree's branches. Manual, non-herbicide-based methods such as hand-pulling or light tilling work, as does applying a 3- to 4-inch-thick mulch layer to block out weed and grass development.
Poor Fertilization Practices
Mango trees are hungry plants and require constant soil fertilization to support their growth and fruit development. But too much fertilizer can lead to fertilizer burns on its roots due to excess nitrogen, which in turn can lead to leaf drop, stunted growth and possibly the death of the tree. Too little fertilizer, and the tree's health is likewise compromised because it lacks the nutritional support for healthy growth and disease resistance. For the best results, mango trees should get a 5-8-10 fertilizer application every three months. Apply the fertilizer at a rate of 1 pound for every year of age of the tree at the time of fertilization. Scatter the fertilizer evenly across the soil, directly under the tree's canopy. After spreading the fertilizer, water the area well to help carry the fertilizer down to the tree's roots and to avoid excess buildup of nitrogen on the soil's surface.
While not necessary for its health, mango trees often get pruned to encourage more fruit production and to make the tree easier to manage. But poor pruning practices can cause more harm than good and could end up killing the mango tree. For example, while many gardeners apply pruning paint to seal off tree wounds after pruning, mango trees do not respond well to this and these wound dressings may damage the tree and cause it to rot and die. Additionally, if you don't carefully sanitize pruning equipment before cutting the mango tree, it may transfer diseases and other problems. To properly sanitize garden equipment, the pruning shears and any other equipment that touches the mango tree should be soaked for a couple minutes in a solution made of 1 part bleach and 9 parts water. Dip the shears in the solution and rinse them with fresh water between every cut.
Mango trees have relatively few pest problems, and the few pests that do get involved are fruit flies and similar insects that typically don't cause long-term damage to the tree. But mango trees do suffer from a fungal infection known as anthracnose, which is the tree's most serious disease and causes widespread rotting and the entire loss of a year's worth of mango fruit. The best way to avoid this disease is simply avoiding any method of watering that gets the tree's foliage wet, as well as pruning back the mango's branches and removing nearby vegetation to improve airflow around and within the tree.
- University of Florida Extension: Mango
- Texas A&M AgriLife Extension: Mango
- Purdue Extension: Mango
- University of Florida Extension: Pruning Mango Trees
- Cass County Extension: Pruning Fruit Trees
Joshua Duvauchelle is a certified personal trainer and health journalist, relationships expert and gardening specialist. His articles and advice have appeared in dozens of magazines, including exercise workouts in Shape, relationship guides for Alive and lifestyle tips for Lifehacker. In his spare time, he enjoys yoga and urban patio gardening.
home care, how to grow mango from seed
Mango is the most common tropical tree. This evergreen plant comes from Burma and eastern India and belongs to the Anacardiaceae family. The tropical tree is one of the main national symbols of India and Pakistan.
The height of a tree trunk can reach 30 meters, and its crown in girth - up to 10 meters. The long dark green mango leaves are lanceolate in shape, and their width is no more than 5 cm. The young glossy leaves of a tropical plant are characterized by a red or yellow-green color.
Mango blossom period falls on February-March. Yellowish inflorescences are collected in pyramidal brooms. Panicles-inflorescences consist of several hundred flowers, and sometimes their number is measured in thousands. Their length can reach 40 cm. Mango flowers are predominantly male. The aroma of the opened flowers is almost identical to the smell of lily blossoms. Between the period of wilting of flowers and ripening of mango fruits, at least three months pass. In some cases, this process is delayed up to six months.
Tropical plant with long strong stems that can support the weight of ripe fruit. A ripe mango can weigh up to 2 kilograms. The fruit has a smooth and thin peel, the color of which directly depends on the degree of ripeness of the fruit. The color of the peel can be green, yellow and red, but it is not uncommon for a combination of all of these colors to be found on the same fruit. The state of its pulp (soft or fibrous) also depends on the degree of ripeness of the fruit. Inside the mango pulp is a large hard bone.
More than five hundred varieties of tropical fruit are known today. According to some reports, there are up to 1000 varieties. All of them are different in shape, color, size, inflorescences and taste of the fruit. On industrial plantations, preference is given to the cultivation of dwarf mangoes. They are recommended to be grown at home.
An evergreen tropical tree native to the Indian states. Mango often grew in tropical forests with high humidity. Today, tropical fruit is grown in various parts of the world: Mexico, South America, USA, Philippines, Caribbean Islands, Kenya. Mango trees are also found in Australia and Thailand.
India is the main supplier of mangoes to foreign countries. About 10 million tons of tropical fruits are collected on the plantations of this South Asian country. In Europe, Spain and the Canary Islands are considered the largest suppliers of mangoes.
1 Mango care at home
1.1 Location, lighting, temperature
1.3 Watering and air humidity
1.4 Feeding and fertilizing
2 Mango propagation
3 How to grow a mango from a stone
4 Diseases and pests
Mango care at home
Location, lighting, temperature
The location of a tropical tree in the house plays a key role in the proper development of the plant. If possible, the brightest and brightest place in the apartment should be allocated for the placement of mangoes.
An evergreen tree should be kept in a free pot as its root system develops rapidly. Mango loves to be in the sun. The lack of natural lighting often leads to plant diseases.
Mango is a rather heat-loving plant, the optimum temperature for a plant at any time of the year ranges from 20-26 degrees.
The soil for the mango tree must be sufficiently loose. Be sure to remember to take care of good drainage!
Watering and air humidity
Moderately moist soil is the optimal soil for growing a tropical tree. It is very important to minimize watering during mango flowering. At the same time, attention should be paid to the condition of the leaves - they will wilt without moisture. After removing the fruits, the irrigation regime becomes the same. The plant needs to gain new strength for further development. Moderately moist soil is especially important for young trees that do not tolerate existence in a dry substrate.
Mango does not like excessive dampness, however, dry air can harm him. The humidity in the room should be moderate.
Top dressing and fertilizers
To form a beautiful branched crown, it is necessary to feed the plant in early spring. During the period of active growth of a tropical tree, organic fertilizers should be introduced into the soil (every 2 weeks). Microfertilizers are used for additional plant nutrition, which is carried out no more than 3 times a year. In autumn, mango does not need fertilizer. In order for the plant to develop correctly and please its owners with healthy and tasty fruits, it is advisable to select a complete balanced fertilizer for it.
Previously, mangoes were propagated by seed and grafting. Only the last method of reproduction of a tropical plant has retained its relevance today. This is due to the fact that the vaccine gives a guaranteed result. Plants are grafted exclusively in the summer. For grafted trees, you can choose any soil, provided that the earth is light, loose and nutritious. Good drainage is also a must.
If the young grafted tree is in a hurry to bloom and bear fruit, the flower head should be removed after it has completely opened. It is possible to allow flowering of mangoes with all the ensuing consequences only 1-2 years after vaccination.
It is noteworthy that the first mango harvest will be minimal, and this is normal. The plant tries to protect itself from exhaustion, and allows you to get some large and tasty fruits. In the future, the number of mangoes will increase.
How to grow a mango from a stone
By the way, mango can be grown quite easily from a stone. How exactly to germinate a mango tree bone - watch an interesting video.
How to grow mango at home
Watch this video on YouTube
Diseases and pests
Mangoes are most threatened by spider mites and thrips. Of the diseases, bacteriosis, anthracnose and powdery mildew are most common.
Fruit garden in the apartment Garden: trees and shrubs
Mango tree - features of watering, pruning and top dressing, how to transplant and propagate the plant?
In the tropical regions of our planet, the mango tree is considered an important agricultural crop. It has been cultivated there for more than 8 thousand years. The birthplace of this culture is the border areas of India and Myanmar. In Europe, this exotic plant appeared only in the middle of the last century.
Mango tree - description
An evergreen mango tree growing in nature, belonging to the Anacardiaceae (Sumachov) family, is considered an Indian national symbol. The height of the mango tree ranges from 10 to 45 m. It has a dense lush crown up to 10 m in diameter. However, for growing on a personal plot, small trees are considered more practical. The main mango root goes into the ground to a depth of 6 m. In order to hold a large crown, the plant forms a wide root system with many additional roots.
What does a mango tree look like?
Young leaves that appear on the tree are brown-red to yellow-pink at first. Gradually they become dark green, with a glossy shine on the upper part and a light underside. The shape of leathery leaves can be different: from elongated-lanceolate to oval. The mango tree at home does not grow as tall as in nature, but very decorative. For cultivation of mango at home, it is better to use dwarf varieties. The taste of mango fruits is unusual and combines a mixture of fruits and needles.
How does the mango tree flower?
Those mango trees that grow in nature bloom in late winter - early spring. The frequency of their flowering is also different. In some varieties, buds appear once a year, others - 3-4 times during the same period, and there are those that bloom all year round. The abundance of flowering largely depends on the climate of the area where the tree is grown. Thus, the dry period contributes to intensive flowering, and high humidity prevents the formation of flowers.
In large pyramidal inflorescences up to 40 cm long there are small yellow, white, pink flowers, the number of which can vary from 200 to 4000 pcs. They have a pleasant smell, reminiscent of the aroma of lilies. It is possible to achieve flowering of mango at home, even if the tree is grown in a greenhouse, in very rare cases, but in nature for the first time it blooms only 5-6 years after planting. To accelerate fruiting, plants are grafted with buds from already flowering trees.
Is it possible to grow a mango tree from a stone?
This plant has tasty fruits that contain many different nutrients. Is it possible to grow a mango tree in a pot, this question interests many lovers of indoor plants. Experienced gardeners advise for this to take a bone from a ripe or even overripe fruit, which can be red, yellow, green and even black. The shape and size of these fruits are also different: round and oval, large (up to 25 cm in diameter) and small (up to 6 cm). A well-ripened bone should easily separate from the pulp.
How to plant a mango?
Many lovers of exotic plants will be interested to know how to plant a mango seed. To grow homemade mango, you must follow certain rules. The peel of the mango, which is taken for reproduction, should be smooth, without spots or other defects. If not quite ripe, but large and beautiful fruit is chosen, then it can be put for ripening in a dry, warm place. The ideal option would be to buy fruit in late spring or early summer, since during this period they are not treated with preservatives for further storage.
How to prepare a mango bone for planting?
To grow a mango tree from a stone, you must first prepare the planting material:
- Cut the skin from the entire surface of the fruit, cut the mango lengthwise and carefully remove the stone.
- Carefully scrape off the remaining pulp from it, otherwise it will later rot in the ground.
- For speedy germination, the stone must be split and the embryo, which looks like a large bean, should be taken out of it.
- If the shell is very hard, then do not prick it, so as not to damage the seed. It is better to put it in water and leave it for several weeks in a well-lit place.
In order to figure out how to grow a mango tree at home, you need to know what kind of soil is needed for this plant. It needs loose soil of neutral acidity. Your best bet is to shop for cactus mix, which is perfect for homemade mangoes as well. If such earth is too dense, then you can mix it with perlite, adhering to the ratio: 2 parts of soil to 1 part of perlite.
The house mango tree will not grow in loamy soil. If it is not possible to purchase ready-made soil, then you can make it yourself. To do this, mix perlite, peat and coconut substrate in equal proportions. Such a soil mixture must be checked for acidity, and only after that it can be used for planting.
Since the mango tree has a tap root system, then, based on this, it is necessary to choose a container for growing it. The pot for it should be very deep. For an adult plant, a tub would be ideal. However, during germination and the first 1-2 years, you can keep a small mango tree at home in a pot up to 20 cm deep or in a 5-liter bottle with a cut neck. A third of the container must be filled with drainage: broken brick or small gravel, and pour soil on top.
Mango planting rules
In the middle of the container with the prepared potting mix, a recess is made into which the germinated mango seed is placed and sprinkled with earth. If the stem process is too large, then it should not be added dropwise. Planting a mango will be successful if the pot, to create a greenhouse effect, is covered on top with plastic wrap or a two-liter plastic bottle set upside down.
Mango tree at home - maintenance
Experienced gardeners know that a mango tree, which is not easy to grow at home, must receive proper care in order to develop properly. Since it loves light and warmth very much, it is necessary to keep it in the most illuminated place in the home. It should be remembered that direct sunlight is not terrible for a tree, but even important. The temperature in the room should be maintained at + 23 ... 25 ºС.
How to water a mango?
Those who want to learn how to grow a mango tree should remember that the optimal soil for this exotic plant is moderately moist soil. In this case, the humidity in the room should be maintained at 70%. Occasionally it can be sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle. This procedure is best done in the evening or early in the morning, and so that drops of water do not remain on the leaves under bright sunlight, it is advisable to blot them with a soft cloth, collecting the remaining moisture. In summer, you need to water the mango once every 2-3 days, avoiding drying out. In winter, watering should be reduced.
How to fertilize mango?
Until the third pair of leaves appears on a young plant, it does not need any top dressing. The mango tree, growing it as a pot crop, requires the use of fertilizer. For this, biohumus or any nitrogen-containing mixtures can be used in spring and summer. The street mango tree needs to be fed with organic fertilizer. During the flowering period, the plant needs an increased rate of nitrogen fertilizing.
How to trim a mango?
Mango pruning must be carried out to form a beautiful crown of the tree. For the first time, such a procedure is done when the height of the plant is about 1.5 m. Often, the topmost shoot is removed so that the branches of the tree begin to grow in width. Pruning is done twice a year, in parallel with this, removing broken or dried stems. This event only benefits the plant, because after it the deciduous part becomes thicker. Places of cuts must be treated with charcoal or garden pitch.
How to graft a mango?
You can get a mango tree at home with fruits only if it is grafted. This procedure is carried out in the summer, for this you need:
- Take a sterile sharp knife and cut off a kidney with a piece of wood from a fruit-bearing tree.
- On the trunk of a young tree, near the ground, cut the bark in the shape of a T.
- Gently bend its edges and insert the cut kidney there.
- Press the inoculation site firmly and wrap it with electrical tape, which can be removed after about 2 weeks.
Those who are interested in how to grow mangoes at home should be aware that such a grafting will guarantee the obligatory fruiting of mangoes grown at home. The first fruits may appear only 1-2 years after vaccination. If the next year the plant throws out a flower panicle, it must be removed after the blooming of all the flowers. A grafted tree needs regular fertilizing with a nitrogen-containing fertilizer. At first, there will be only a few mango fruits, but after 3-4 years, their number will begin to increase.
Many tropical crops are very vulnerable to pests and diseases. The homemade mango tree is no exception. Often this plant can be affected by:
- Spider mites . These common mango pests feed on plant sap, oppressing them. On the leaves affected by mites, a red bloom appears. Having found it, it is necessary to treat healthy leaves and stems with an insecticide, and remove damaged ones.
- Anthracnose . This fungal disease appears due to high humidity. Dark brown and then black spots appear on the leaves. The plant is gradually dying. To cure a tree, it is necessary to completely replace the substrate and disinfect the roots in a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Bacteriosis . The disease occurs due to bacteria that can enter the plant through untreated sections during pruning. The tissues gradually begin to rot, emitting an odor uncharacteristic of this plant. Having found such damage, it is necessary to completely remove the rotting parts of the tree and replace the soil. Healthy branches are processed with Bordeaux mixture or copper sulphate.
How to transplant a mango?
After the mango tree has grown to about 1.5 m, it will need to be transplanted into a larger container, since the root system by this time takes up almost the entire volume of the pot. Mango transplanting should be carried out in the spring, at a time when the roots are growing very intensively. The new container should be about 5 cm larger than the previous one. It is better to transplant by the method of transshipment.