How to kill coconut tree


How to kill a Coconut tree

Table of Contents

Coconut or Cocos Nucifera trees belong to the palm tree family and are usually found in tropical or coastal areas. The Coconut tree is highly prized because of the different uses of its components. Starting from eating its fruit, the leaves are used for making ropes, and its hairs are used for making carpets and clothes.

Let’s take a look at how you can kill a Coconut tree as well as get rid of its root system.

How to kill Coconut trees?

Coconut or Cocos Nucifera can be killed using a variety of methods. A big part of the decision-making process depends on your preference.

Some of these methods are:

  • Foliar Spray
  • Cutting the tree down and treating the stump with Herbicides
  • Gridling or ring barking
  • Basal Bark treatment
  • Injecting the tree with killing chemicals
  • Cut surface treatment

Some of these methods have an interesting approach so I will be writing a more detailed article about how to kill trees discussing the methods mentioned above.

One thing to always keep in mind is that the above methods are only effective in killing the tree, with the exception of Number 2, you will still have to remove the tree once it is dead.

The best way to kill a small Coconut tree

Cocos Nucifera is interesting because even when they are small, their foliage can be above a normal person’s reach. This is because only the top part of this tree has leaves.

In this case, you should use Basal Bark treatment:

  • You should only use this method if the diameter of the tree is less then 6-7 inches.
  • You will need a backpack sprayer and an oil soluble solution of an herbicide. Mix one part herbicide with 4-part oil carrier. (You can use diesel, kerosene or basal oil as an oil-carrier)
  • The best options you can go for is Triclopyr. (Amazon affiliate link) In some states industrial herbicides are alos available, like Garlon 4 Ultra, Relegate, Forestry Garlon XRT, Aligare Trycloper.
  • Spray the bottom 2-3 feet of the bark with this solution and let it dry out. Apply another coat once the previous coating has been absorbed by the tree.

For the smaller varieties of Coconut trees

Although the above method can be used here as well, some varieties of Cocos Nucifera are short throughout their lifespan.

If you are working with a smaller variety, you can simply cut them down and treat the stump with herbicide to prevent further growth. These varieties are usually less than 10 feet tall so you can even cut them down using a handsaw or even a hatchet.

The best way to kill a big Coconut tree

Fully grown Cocos Nucifera can get up to 100 feet tall. Interestingly, many varieties of this species do not grow wider than 7-8 inches in diameter. This technically qualifies them for the Basal Bark treatment which I had discussed above.  

If you were to use the Girdling method on a coconut tree with a thin trunk, the tree can become unstable and will have a high chance of falling down in case of strong winds.

So, it is not recommended that you use girdling here. But in cases where the base is thicker than 8-9 inches, girdling can be used.

Girdling will stop the nutrient flow of the tree, making it really effective method for killing a tree.

steps involved:

  1. Get a hatchet, hammer and chisel or chainsaw for this method.
  2. Simply remove a ring of bark around the entire tree, about 4-8 inches wide.
  3. For extra measure, spray some herbicide along the exposed bark
  4. Within few months, the tree should die.

Alternative method for killing a large coconut tree

Alternatively, you could also use the chemical injection method:

  1. Drill holes 1-2 inches deep along the circumference of the tree.
  2. Inject it with some herbicide like Roundup or Tordon.
  3. The tree will absorb and transport the chemicals across the tree, killing the tree and it’s root system.

See my recommended herbicide list here.

What challenges does the thin trunk of the Coconut tree bring forward?

Because the trunk of the Cocos Nucifera can be small and the height of this species can be 100 ft tall, it makes the entire tree unstable.

One of the challenges would be drilling too many holes or cuts along the base. Considering that coastal regions face a lot of strong winds and storms, this makes the tree prone to falling down.

Can you kill a Coconut without cutting it down?

Yes, you can kill a Cocos Nucifera without cutting it down but it can get tricky with some varieties. Even fully grown trees of some varieties of Cocos Nucifera have diameters less than 7 inches.

You can use methods such as Girdling but you have to be careful. Make sure that the diameter of the tree is more than 8-9 inches if you choose to use methods such as Girdling or Cut Surface Treatment.

Here I have another article on how to kill trees without felling them right away.

Things to consider before removing a tree on your own

Like all trees, Cocos Nucifera trees will start decomposing once they have been killed, which increases their chance of falling down. This is especially dangerous if the tree is located near your house or near power lines. In short, after the tree is dead it should be cut down.

Hire a professional tree removal service

Hiring a professional while dealing with Cocos Nucifera makes more sense when you think about the entire tree removal procedure.

Even if you manage to kill the tree, you will have to arrange to get it cut down, transported.

If you decide to simply get the tree cut down, you should definitely hire a professional to do it. Cutting down trees is risky if you don’t have any experience.

If in case you are dealing with the smaller varieties of Cocos Nucifera which barely grow above 10-11 feet, then it will be possible for you to kill, cut, and remove the tree on your own.

Take a look at my tree removal cost guide to get an idea of how much it’s going to cost for you to get the tree removed.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you kill Cocos Nucifera roots using boiling water?

Yes, it is possible for you to kill the tree with boiling water. First, you will have to cut the tree down and then drill holes into the tree stump from the top. You can pour boiling water down these holes every other day until the trunk starts to rot.

Which herbicides are most effective on Coconut trees?

The best herbicide for killing a Cocos Nucifera is considered to be Atrazine and Glyphosate. You can also use more popular ones like Roundup or Tordon. See my recommended products here.

Conclusion

The easiest method for killing small coconut trees is considered to be basal bark treatment, while for bigger trees you should inject the tree with herbicides.

Recommended reading:

  • How to kill a Cottonwood tree

Robert

Hi!
I am the guy behind Theyardable.com. I grew up on a homestead and I am here to share the knowledge I have and things I learn while living in the countryside.

Coconut Tree Tips: Growing A Coconut Palm

Table of Contents

It’s safe to say you’ve probably heard of coconut coir, and you’ve enjoyed the delectable dried and sugared shavings of coconut. But have you ever considered growing a coconut tree yourself? Not only can you harvest the delicious flesh of a tropical coconut in the right climate, but you can also use the fibrous fruit coat in soil mixes too. 

So much can be done with coconuts and the coconut palm that it might as well be the signature feature of the tropics. The coconut fruit is commonly used in cooking, and mature coconuts contain hydrating coconut water. But there’s so much mystery surrounding coconut cultivation. That’s pretty incredible when you consider coconut fruits are the most widely used nut in the world. 

You may think, “I can’t grow coconut palm. I live in Maine.” But that’s not exactly true! And what’s more, is you may not need as much space to grow a coconut palm tree in northern USDA zones as you would in the tropics. How is this possible? Read on, and let’s explore the wondrous Cocos nucifera

Good Products At Amazon For Coconut Trees:

  • Neem Bliss 100% Cold Pressed Neem Oil
  • Safer Brand Insect Killing Soap
  • PyGanic Botanical Insecticide

Quick Care Guide

The coconut tree is a lovely tropical palm. Source: zbigphotography
Common Name(s)Coco, coconut, coconut palm
Scientific NameCocos nucifera
Days to HarvestAt least 6 years
LightFull sun
Water1 inch per week
SoilLoamy, sandy, well-drained soil
FertilizerHigh nitrogen granular, every 3-4 months
PestsMealybugs, coconut scale
DiseasesLethal yellowing

All About The Coconut Tree

Coconut fronds are quite pretty, but may have sharp edges on leaf blades. Source: fossiled

The scientific name of coconut palms is Cocos nucifera, known commonly as coconut, coconut palm, and the succinct coco. It was first cultivated by Austronesian people in the neolithic era about 12,000 years ago. Austronesia encompasses a wide array of peoples and places in the Pacific Islands, all the way to Madagascar. It was in these vastly different cultures coconut was central to the way of life there, and still is in many regions. 

Coconut palms are very large in their natural environment, growing up to 100 feet tall. Like other palms, the pinnate leaves break away from a central smooth trunk as the coco grows. In the right conditions, coconut palms produce fruit in the first 6 to 10 years of their lives. Although the fruit is considered a nut, it’s a drupe or stone fruit. Coconut palm cocos are closer in likeness to peaches or plums than they are to pecans. 

In 15 to 20 years, healthy coconut palms reach peak production and produce up to 50 fruits annually. The fruits are multilayered and are either extracted from the top of the plant or collected after they fall to the earth. Some fall into the ocean and disperse significant distances. Coconut palms have shallow fibrous roots that thrive in moist, sandy soils. They produce male and female flowers on the same inflorescence throughout their lives and self-pollinate. The flowers are yellow and puffy, surrounding young fruit yet to ripen. 

Coconut is the most important commercial nut crop in the world. Not only do people across the world center their lives around coconut palms, but the economies of coconut-producing countries benefit greatly from coconut production.

People in tropical environments are primed to grow a coconut palm, but those in other regions can enjoy coconut as well in controlled environments. In areas where it’s way too cold, coconut palm can stand in the home as a lovely palmate houseplant. Container-grown palms may not produce fruit, but they are still unique and vibrant plants you can enjoy!

Types of Coconut

Although a common coconut palm can get up to 100 feet tall, there are different varieties out there that reach lesser heights. Dwarf varieties grow anywhere from 16 to 30 feet tall. Semi-dwarf coconut palms reach the higher of the dwarf heights. Standard palms are those we’ve discussed in the previous section. 

One standard, fast-growing variety called Jamaican Tall has a crooked, wide trunk and is well adapted to the tropical environment of South Florida. Another variety, called Malayan Dwarf, is slower-growing but doesn’t get as tall. This palm produces three different flower and fruit cultivars that come in green, gold, or yellow.  

Recently work has been done to breed coconut palm trees to encourage resistance to the disease, lethal yellowing (LY). Malayan Dwarf has shown significant resistance to LY, making it a great dwarf variety for people in tropical areas of North America. Another of the dwarf cultivars with resistance to LY is Fiji Dwarf, which is best grown in isolation from other palms in Latin America. 

Maypan coco palm is a hybrid of a tall variety of coco that was cultivated in Jamaica to combat LY. The young coco on this palm is green, and the trunk is slightly crooked. It’s also suited to cooler areas on the Atlantic coasts of Florida. People in colder areas of the world grow almost any variety indoors for ornamental purposes too. Growth stunts here, making it easy to contain what would be a massive plant in its native region.

Planting

Nursery-raised coconut seedlings emerge from their seed husks. Source: tmmtx76

The best time to plant coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is in the warm, wet summer months. However, coco transplants are alright at any time of year. Transplant young palm coco in 12 inches of soil. If you’re planting in the ground, know that coco palm is native to the Pacific Coast, South America, and other countries with tropical climates. Do not plant coco outdoors unless you live in a place where annual rainfall is about 60 inches annually, and relative humidity is 70 to 80%. Otherwise, cultivate them in a greenhouse. 

Coastal areas are great for these plants, and cold weather should be avoided at all costs. Likewise, even tall cultivars don’t do well in intense winds. Shelter them from these elements. Since the root system is shallow, plant your tree in sandy, loamy, well-drained soil and allow it to root. They’ll take off pretty quickly with the right conditions. For in-ground plants, prepare a hole that is 2 to 3 feet wide, and 1 to 3 feet deep.

Coco palm roots should be planted just an inch or two below the soil surface. For container-grown coco, a pot that is 3 gallons in volume and at least 12 inches deep is best. For those grown in the earth in coastal areas where the climate conditions and ocean currents are right, construct beds that are multiple feet high and wide, which promotes the drainage away from the roots. Coco roots are sensitive to rot in low-lying areas. Space in-ground coconuts at least 100 feet apart to prevent overcrowding.

Care

Sprouts emerge from the “eyes” of the inner coconut shell. Source: tree-species

Let’s discuss all the necessities related to growing coconuts. Care for them properly, and you’ll have that lovely fresh coconut meat when your palms are at optimal production.  

Sun and Temperature

Because coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) thrives in the tropics, it needs full direct sun for at least 6 hours per day. Coco has a relatively small hardiness area – zones 10 through 12 – making coconuts a common occurrence today in South Florida, and for a long time for Caribbean native inhabitants. These zones are the only ones in USDA purview that have adequate amounts of heat. 

Coconut palms are extremely sensitive to cold. They take on damage at 40 degrees Fahrenheit. At continuous temperatures of 30 degrees, coconut palms will surely die. That’s why it’s so important to ensure your coconuts have the right temperature conditions. As long as humidity is at least 70%, coconuts can take quite a bit of heat. Dry heat is not good for them, though. If proper humidity is not present, fruit drop can occur. 

Water and Humidity

Water your coconut palms in the morning around the base of the trunk until the top two inches of soil is adequately moist. It’s hard to overwater a coconut palm, but note they do not like to be flooded. Give your plant in a container or the ground at least one inch of water per week. As long as your soil type is right, and good drainage is present, you can water in any format. In areas where palms are grown commercially, for their coconut meat, they are watered by drip irrigation with liters at a time every few days. In drier areas, water more frequently. 

The only time to pull back on watering your coco is when there is a significant amount of rain and humidity in the summer. 

Soil

Coconuts subsist in sandy soil or rocky ground that is loamy. Well-draining soil is a must. They can subsist in poor soil, but they won’t produce as many delicious coconuts in those conditions. They have a wide pH range for growing, from acidic (5) to slightly alkaline (8). If you’re planting a whole coconut palm in a container, give it a good palm soil mix. This will have the right balance of planting media needed to grow them. If you want to make your own palm soil, combine 2 parts potting soil, 2 parts manure or compost, and 1 part sand. This also works as a preparation for planting these palm shade trees in the ground. 

Fertilizing

Ripe coconuts require regular fertilizer. Palms enjoy a wide array of macro and micronutrients, and thankfully there are several “palm special” fertilizers out there. These contain an NPK of 8-2-12, with added magnesium, boron, and other micronutrients. They also come in a slow-release pellet form. Spread this under the canopy, at a ratio of 1.5lbs per 100 square feet of canopy. Of course, this will be greatly reduced for container growing, at under a cup per container. Apply this fertilizer every one to three months when the weather remains dry for at least 24 hours. 

Pruning

Coconut palms are not deciduous, and only drop leaves as a part of their normal cycles. Therefore, they are green most of the year, barring improper nutrients or growing conditions. They don’t need pruning but benefit from the removal of old yellowing leaves once per year. In the taller varieties of South Florida, people climb ladders to remove old fronds. Early Polynesian voyagers pruned them by tying a sash tightly around their ankles which helped them compress their feet around the trunk to climb it. This method is not recommended for those who don’t have experience. 

Propagation

The only propagation mode is seed. When the coconuts themselves make a sloshing sound, the seed can be planted. Place it on its side with the three eyes angled very slightly upward, and bury it with sand to about half the thickness of the hard shell of coconut. Maintain high humidity and temperatures between 90 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit, in full sunlight. Germination will occur, and at 6 months young palms can be transplanted. 

Harvesting and Storing

Inside the coconut husk is an inner shell that contains the meat and water. Source: avinashbhat

This is probably the coolest part about a coco plant: getting to that sweet sweet solid endosperm that is coconut meat. There are so many more uses for coco than that though. 

Harvesting

Once a coco plant is at full maturity and begins to produce fruit, harvest mature fruit right away or up to 12 months after first maturity. A plant grown for coco water or coconut milk should be harvested at most 7 months after maturity. Green coconuts (immature coconuts) can be harvested when they reach the desired size. Those harvested for coconut flesh need to be fully ripe before they can be harvested. You’ll know a coco is mature when the water-filled nut emits a slosh when rocked. 

As mentioned above, harvest coconuts with a large sharp knife on a ladder for taller plants. You can also use a knife attached to a long pole if climbing up isn’t your style. Cut at the base of the stalk of the lowest nuts, and let them drop below. Or put them in a basket or other receptacle. There are some different ways to process products depending on the coconut products you’d like to use. Trim young coconuts with a sharp knife to enjoy their fruit and water. For fully mature nuts, trim the husk with a very sharp knife. Use a knife to dig into the vulnerable eye for coco meat, water, and generally the inside of the coconut. 

Storing

From here, separate the husk and process it into coconut coir for gardening, rope, or matting. Alternately, crack open the nuts, and dry them in the oven for 10 minutes at 170 degrees Fahrenheit. Then blend the meat in filtered water, and strain the flesh from the liquid. Heat the resulting liquid in a pan on low for 1 to 2 hours. Remove the remaining solids and strain coconut oil into an airtight container. Store the coconut oil in the refrigerator for up to five years. 

Fresh coco meat lasts for 2 to 3 weeks in the refrigerator. Opened and processed, they’ll keep in the fridge for 1 week. Roasted, shredded coconut lasts for 2 to 3 months in the refrigerator. In each of these states, they’ll keep in the freezer for up to 8 months.  

Troubleshooting

Coconuts hang heavy on this loaded tree. Source: J Fortune

Although coconut is a pretty laid-back plant, it does need some attention in non-native regions (for instance, in the US, outside of South Florida). There are a few things you’ll commonly come into contact with, so let’s cover those. 

Growing Problems

One of the main issues coco growers deal with is nutrient deficiencies. These present in the form of yellowing leaves, and blossom or fruit drop. Simply add palm fertilizer in the case of nutrient deficiency. Consult the Fertilizer heading above to determine what type to use. 

If it’s too cold, coco takes on damage, or at worst, dies. Keep it in humid, hot, direct sunlight. If it’s not humid enough, growth will slow on your plant. If you live somewhere a coco wouldn’t get enough light from the surrounding environment, give the palm a grow light.

Coco doesn’t appreciate flooding for long. If your plant experiences flooding for more than a few days, it could experience root rot. Add sand to the soil or transplant it if the area you planted it in is prone to flooding. 

Pests

There are quite a few coco pests to look out for. Here, we’ll cover just two prominent pests. Mealybugs look like small cotton-ball insects that excrete a sweet liquid called honey dew on coco fronts and fruit. On smaller trees, wipe them away with a clean cloth soaked in rubbing alcohol. On larger trees, apply spray insecticidal soap or neem oil every 7 to 10 days. Pyrethrin is a good option for larger infestations. 

Coconut scale looks like a white scaly fungus, but is actually flattened insects that congregate on all parts of coco plants. These insects suck sap from the parts of the plant where they exist. Damaged parts of the plant can be removed to prevent spread, and the rubbing alcohol trick works well for small area issues as well. In larger infestations, horticultural oil, neem oil, or azadirachtin sprays can be applied once every 7 to 10 days.

Leafhoppers are common to find on coconut, but usually don’t do lasting damage to the tree themselves. Unfortunately, they can be a vector for diseases, which we’ll go into in just a moment. Neem oil, insecticidal soap, or pyrethrin are effective treatment measures for leafhopper pests.

Diseases

Lethal yellowing (LY) is one of the most prominent diseases coco plants experience. Leaves drop from the fronds, fruits drop, and flowers drop too when LY is present. In the late stages of this phytoplasmic disease transferred by leaf hoppers, the entire crown turns yellow. The only way to prevent LY is to plant varieties that are naturally resistant. In extreme cases, antibiotics can be administered, but often this proves unsuccessful. In this case, remove the entire plant and dispose of it in the trash. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the difference between a coconut tree and a palm tree?

A: Coco is in the palm family, but produces the delectable nut that so many people love.  

Q: Where do coconut trees grow?

A: Coconut trees grow in sunny, hot coastal climates. 

Q: Can I grow a coconut tree?

A: Absolutely! With the right know-how, you’ll be able to at least grow a lovely houseplant. In the right conditions, you can enjoy coconuts after many years.

Coconut palm - part of the tropics at home: species, fruits, photo Selo.Guru - an Internet portal about agriculture

Many types of coconut palms: photo

In nature, there are more than 580 species of coconut subfamily palms.

Where do coconut trees grow? They grow not only on the coast, but also in arid regions of the tropical belt.

Is it possible to grow a coconut tree at home? Only two types of coconuts are grown at home .

Veddel . Dwarf palm from the forests of Brazil. It grows slowly, rarely exceeding 2 m. A very elegant tree that can be grown in a small apartment. To fully emphasize the charm of the Weddel coconut, surround it with a white background.

Nutty . Coconut is distributed throughout the tropical coast. It grows slowly, but can reach a height of up to 5 m. It is better not to grow this species in small apartments, it is more suitable for greenhouses and spacious winter gardens.

Coconut care at home

Care after purchase . Purchase only healthy plants. Leaves should be a uniform green color. Pay special attention to the growth bud, if it is damaged, the palm tree will die. If there is an unpleasant smell from the coconut, refuse to buy, just likewise, reject specimens with damage to the trunk. Often the roots are in a bag or a small container, in which case the palm must be immediately transplanted into a large pot.

Lighting . A visitor from the tropical zone is accustomed to sunlight and the same length of day and night. In winter, in the northern latitudes, the palm tree does not have enough lighting. Turn on bright lights so that the “day” is at least 12 hours.

Place the plant in a south facing window and lightly shade in the summer months two hours before and after noon. If the leaves began to curl and turn yellow, perhaps this is a sunburn, hang tulle on the window.

If you don't want to have a lopsided plant with leaves pointing to one side, turn it the other side to the window twice a month.

Flowering . Do not expect exotic flowers and delicious fruits from homemade coconut. Such processes occur only in their native land. In nature, a palm tree throws out a long sprout from the top, on which clusters of small flowers turn yellow.

Temperature . In summer it is desirable to keep the palm at 25-28⁰, in winter a slight decrease in temperature is acceptable, but not colder than 18⁰.

Humidity . In nature, coconut palms grow along the shores of the seas and oceans and are accustomed to high air humidity of about 80%. The air in the apartment is much drier.

Spray the plant daily and wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. Since humans and palm trees need different humidity regimes, it is best to grow coconut in greenhouses or conservatories.

Watering . Watch the soil, it serves as an indicator that the plant needs watering. In summer, the top layer of the earth should be slightly damp; in winter, let the soil dry out a little. With excessive moisture, the plant may die, so take soil preparation seriously. If the composition is chosen correctly, excess water will not linger in it.

Fertilizers . In winter, the plant rests, to maintain vital activity, one top dressing per month is enough. In summer, during the period of intensive growth, it is necessary to fertilize twice as often with a special composition for palm trees.

Don't want to mess around with food often? Purchase a long-acting granular fertilizer, one top dressing is enough for the whole season.

Transplant . Palm roots need a lot of space and should be repotted every year. The best time for this work is the middle of spring. Take a container 10% larger than the previous one, remove a palm tree with a clod of earth from the container, remove part of the felt roots.

It is very important to plant the palm at the same depth as before transplanting. If you accidentally exposed or damaged the roots, cut off half of the leaves, otherwise the weakened root system will not be able to supply them with moisture.

It is better to use special primer for palm trees. If you can't find one for sale, make it yourself. Mix equal parts :

  • soddy soil,
  • humus,
  • leafy soil,
  • peat,
  • perlite,
  • tree bark.

In nature, palm trees grow on sand, you can use it without other additives, but then the soil must be well fertilized, since there are no nutrients in the sand.

Trimming . The palm tree does not need regular pruning, only completely dead or broken leaves need to be removed. Do not cut leaves that have begun to change color, from which the plant receives nutrients. Only dried feather tips can be removed.

Walnut palm growing

How to grow a coconut tree from a coconut? To do everything right, need to know how coconuts reproduce in their homeland.

Palm trees grow on the ocean and drop nuts into the water. The fruits of the coconut palm are covered with a thick fibrous shell and contain little air inside, so they are able to stay on the water and float away to a new place.

Coconuts must be fresh, store bought fruit is unlikely to sprout. If you decide to take a chance - shake the selected nut, take the one in which you can hear the splash of liquid. Purchase the fruit only in the fibrous shell. Soak the coconut for a day in warm water, then plant it in a pot.

The planting position will tell the nut itself: put it on the table, how it is positioned, and put it on the ground. It is not necessary to bury completely, cover with earth up to half of the coconut.

Be patient, the nut will sprout when you have lost all hope, perhaps in six months. Do not be surprised that instead of a tree, you will observe only a bunch of leaves for a long time. This is not a defect, the trunk will appear when the plant matures.

Diseases and pests

Palm trees can be damaged by mealybugs, mites and scale insects. If you notice pests, treat the plant with insecticides.

Coconuts sometimes develop black or pink rot. For treatment, once a week, treat the plant with fungicides. The best disease prevention is proper care, strong palm trees usually do not get sick.

Watch the coconut palm tree, it will report your mistakes :

  • The leaves turn yellow or their tips turn brown - there is little moisture.
  • Brown spots appeared on the leaves - the tree is cold or the ground is waterlogged.

You may be interested in seeing photos of such types of palms as Pandanus, Cycas, Dracaena, Hamerops, Chrysalidocarpus, Hamedorea, Raffia, Rapis, Hovea and learn about the features of their cultivation.

Don't let the palm blossom and give nuts. Coconuts can be purchased at the store, and sitting under a tropical tree, enjoy the exotic taste of overseas fruits.

How to care for a coconut tree at home?

The coconut tree is native to tropical countries. Under natural conditions, it grows up to 20-30 meters, and at home - up to 3 meters. When grown indoors, the palm tree does not bear fruit, but is used exclusively for decorative purposes.

An exotic plant is capricious, for full growth and development it needs a microclimate close to natural. If the maintenance conditions are violated, the palm tree stops growing and may die.

At the same time, if in the natural environment coconut grows up to several decades, at home it can grow no more than 6-7 years.

To maximize the life of a palm tree, you need to carefully follow certain rules of care.

Lighting

The palm tree needs a lot of light and is not at all afraid of direct sunlight. Therefore, it is best to put it on the south window. If this is not possible, the plant will need to be illuminated. In the autumn-winter period, additional lighting is required, regardless of the location of the palm tree.

Air temperature

Palm tree does not tolerate air temperature drops below 18 degrees, it prefers values ​​from 22 to 28 degrees. Even during the dormant period, the coconut does not require coolness. A range of 18 to 20 degrees is optimal.

Humidity

Moisture requirements for coconut are high. The indicator should remain at the level of 70%. At a lower level, leaves may fall off. If the air is too dry, the palm may die altogether. It is very important to constantly spray the plant several times a day, without getting on the leaves.

Watering

The substrate must be constantly moist, but water must not accumulate in the container. Also, do not allow the soil to dry out. In the warm season, the palm tree is watered almost daily; in the cold season, the frequency of watering is reduced to once a week.

Coconut substrate

Palm soil can be slightly acidic, but growing in a neutral substrate is preferred. You can prepare the soil from peat, turf, humus, sand, clay and expanded clay taken in the same proportion. If all these components were not at hand, you can purchase ready-made soil mixture for palm trees. For growing, it is preferable to use a large container.

Pruning

No crowning or pruning required for the palm. It is only necessary to remove dried leaves from it in time. If the leaves have just changed color, they do not need to be removed. They nourish the palm for a long time, and are pruned only after drying. If the tips of the leaves turn brown, they need to be cut off, leaving the rest of the leaf plate.

Fertilizer

Special formulations are used as fertilizers. They can be granular and liquid. Granules are buried in the ground once a year, and liquid fertilizer is poured every three weeks. Regular top dressing is carried out from spring to the end of summer.

Transplanting

Transplanting is carried out when the plant becomes too crowded in the growing container. If the roots have grown into the drainage holes, if they are no longer able to absorb all the moisture from the container, if the plant has stopped growing, it's time to plant it in a new flowerpot. When transplanting, you need to take a pot, the diameter of which is about 5 cm larger than the diameter of the previous pot. It is necessary to transship the plant together with an earthen clod, it is impossible to deepen during transplantation, this can lead to death.

Sometimes a substrate change is required. Usually these are cases when a white coating appears on it, it starts to smell bad or absorb water.


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