How to link a tree on ancestry

How to Add DNA Matches to Your Ancestry Tree – Family Locket

Using a family tree program to organize your DNA matches is useful for several reasons. You can:

– add DNA matches to your tree and link them back to your common ancestor
– include DNA matches from various testing databases in one central location
– check the evidence for each parent-child relationship and add documentation
– build quick trees for DNA matches who haven’t shared a full tree
– do descendancy research to find potential test takers
– build out a match’s tree checking for more than one common ancestor

Many of your DNA matches may have small trees that don’t go back far enough to find a common ancestor.  Genetic genealogists often use tree building tools like to create quick trees for DNA matches. Ancestry has helpful tree building tools like hints that assist with building quick trees. However, creating a new tree for each DNA match fills up your list of Ancestry trees quickly. If you don’t want to have a long list of Ancestry trees, create one master genetic tree and include all the DNA matches of a test taker or on a particular side of the family.

Privacy Settings for Ancestry Trees

Before you add your genetic matches to your Ancestry tree, consider the privacy settings. There are three levels of privacy for Ancestry trees: public, private and searchable, or private and unsearchable.

Public trees are viewable by those you invite to collaborate and anyone with an Ancestry subscription. People in your tree who are marked living are automatically privatized for those who are not invited to collaborate on your tree.

Private and searchable trees are shown in search results of the Public Member Tree database, but to click through to view the tree, users must first ask for your permission. For Ancestry Thrulines to work, your tree must be set to either public or private/searchable.

Private and unsearchable trees do not appear in search results and are not used in Ancestry Thrulines. You may want to mark your research trees unsearchable so that others don’t copy unproven relationships into their trees. To do this, go to your tree settings > privacy settings. From there, select “Private Tree” and then check the box below that says “also prevent your tree from being found in searches.”

If you want to keep your private, unsearchable trees from being found by anyone, don’t save images that other Ancestry users have added to your tree. This includes ancestor profile images, images of headstones, and so forth. These images are often added when you build a quick tree for a DNA match and use the Ancestry Member Trees hints. Every time someone saves these photos to their tree, their username and tree name are added the list, “in other family trees,” in the sidebar of the photo’s information page in Ancestry. To delete photos added to your private tree, go to the “media gallery” and click on the photo to delete it from your tree. You may want to keep your tree at this high level of privacy if you are working on a sensitive case.

Adding DNA Matches to Your Tree

Add your DNA matches as descendants of the ancestors you have already identified in your tree by building the lineage down to the present day. Be sure to mark your DNA matches as living, as well as their parents unless you know them to be deceased. Anyone who is marked living will be kept private when others view your tree unless you have added the viewer as a collaborator.

I typically add DNA matches to my tree who I think will be useful in proving a certain case. I then attach sources to document each parent-child relationship back to the common ancestor. When it’s time to write a proof argument, I can cite this tree I have created or add the citations for each parent-child link directly to my proof argument.

After adding a profile for the genetic cousin to your tree, you can link their DNA match page to that profile. To do this, go to the DNA match page for the genetic cousin and find the pedigree icon. Click the icon to find them in the tree and link them. After doing this, an icon shows on the genetic cousin in your tree indicating they are a DNA match. From the tree, you can click the icon to go to their match page. You can also click on the icon in your DNA match list to go to their profile in your tree, as shown below.

Adding matches to your Ancestry tree is a helpful way to visualize DNA matches in your family tree, especially when viewing it in family/descendancy view.

Adding People to Your Tree with Ancestry Thrulines

Ancestry Thrulines show how you may be connected to DNA matches through a common ancestor. If you have a public or private searchable tree connected to your DNA results, you will receive Thrulines. Thrulines are not proven conclusions about ancestors, but suggestions that may lead you to a conclusion. Ancestry uses the public and private searchable trees in their database to generate Thrulines suggestions for you and your DNA matches. Thrulines does not evaluate the amount of shared DNA between you and a match before suggesting a particular common ancestor.

Thrulines makes it easier to add DNA matches to your family tree. While you can’t add the matches themselves in Thrulines, you can their line of descent from the suggested common ancestor. The tree attached to your DNA results is the tree that will be updated when you add people from Thrulines.

If there is a dotted line around a person in Thrulines with the “evaluate” label, that means they are not in your tree. For example, you may find a sibling of your ancestor that you have not added to your tree yet as shown below. This new sibling of your ancestor has several descendants who are DNA matches to you.

To add this new sibling and the DNA matches to your tree, click on the sibling’s box to open the side panel and review the attached sources. If everything looks right, click next and add them to your tree. Continue adding the sibling’s descendants until you get to the DNA match. Then you will have to add the DNA match to your tree manually. After you add the parent of the DNA match, click the button in the side panel to view the parent’s profile. From their profile page, you can add the match to your tree by clicking “add child.” In Thrulines you can click on the box of people in your tree to be taken directly to their profile page.

If you are seeing a Thrulines suggestion with all the DNA Matches descending from just one child, it may not be accurate. Look for an ancestor who has descendants through multiple children who are DNA matches to you.

Adding a Disconnected Branch

Adding a DNA match as a disconnected branch in your tree allows you to build their tree until you discover the common ancestor. Once you find the connection, you can link up their floating branch to an ancestor who was already in the tree. Building trees for matches who share less than 15 cM may be futile because they could be false matches or may not share a common ancestor with you in a genealogical time frame.[1] Work on building trees of closer matches if possible.

To add a person to your family tree when you don’t know how they are related to anyone already in the tree, you must first add them as a spouse or child and then remove the relationship. After this is done, they will be a “floating” or disconnected branch in the tree. Once the relationship is determined, the person can be connected to known ancestors in the tree and reconnected.

A common reason to add a floating branch is when you are building a tree for a close DNA match (probably over about 40 cM) who you are sure is related in a genealogical time frame. The hope is that after extending their ancestral lines, you will find a common ancestor and be able to link them up to your existing tree. In this case, you will add the name of your DNA match as a floating branch to your tree and then work to build their tree. You may want to use the My Tree Tags feature to tag your matches so you can find these floating branches later. I like to add the link to their position in my tree to a research log so I can remember I worked on this match’s tree.

The simplest way to add a floating branch to your Ancestry tree is to add them as a spouse to an existing person and then remove the relationship. This is even easier than adding them as a child, because you only have one person to unlink the relationship with. Go to the profile any person in your tree and click the “+add” button on the right side next to “Family,” then click “spouse.” In the pop-up box that appears, type the name of the genetic match or person you are adding as a floating branch. Choose the gender of the person – if you are adding a spouse to a male, the gender will automatically be selected as female, but you can change it.

If you are adding a living person, like a genetic match, be sure to select “living” so they will be kept private to people who view your tree. Click save. Scroll down to see the person you have added in the list of spouses. Click on the person to go to their profile page. At the top of the page, click the pencil icon that says “edit.” In the menu that appears, click “edit relationships.” In the pop-up box for editing relationships, you will see the name of their “spouse.” Click the X to the right of their name to remove this relationship, and click “remove” when the system asks if you are sure that you want to remove this relationship.

After you click remove, the person you have added will have no relationships showing in the edit relationships box. You can click the x to close this box and begin building their tree.

Label DNA Matches with MyTreeTags

After adding a DNA Match to your tree, consider adding the “DNA Match” tag to help you sort and filter matches in your tree. Ancestry created MyTreeTags to allow users to label people in your tree and filter your searches within a tree for people with that tag.

Ancestry has three default DNA tags that you can use to help identify people in your tree. They are defined as follows:

1. Common DNA Ancestor: common ancestor between you and at least one of your matches.
2. DNA Connection: This person is a relative on the path between a DNA match and a common ancestor.
3. DNA Match: This person is on your DNA Match List.

MyTreeTags also allows you to create custom tags. Custom tags could include the genetic network that the matches belong to (i. e. maternal, Grandpa Jones, Ross/Silvius) or anything that might be useful to you. If you need to search within your family tree, you can use these tags to quickly find just the people with a certain tag.

Research Like a Pro with DNA Book

To learn more about using DNA evidence in your genealogy research, be sure to get our new book (coming out soon) – Research Like a Pro with DNA: A Genealogist’s Guide. RLP with DNA has twelve chapters about using your autosomal DNA results to verify your documentary genealogy research and uncover unknown ancestors. We also discuss Y-DNA and mitochondrial DNA. The focus on the book is the process that we use in our professional work to organize DNA matches, make a research plan incorporating documentary and DNA sources, use DNA tools, keep track of information in a research log, and write conclusions. Sign up for our newsletter to be one of the first to be notified when the eBook is published. The print book will be published soon after the eBook.


[1] “Identical by descent,” International Society of Genetic Genealogy Wiki ( : last edited on 6 November 2020, at 13:08.)

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How Do I Link My Ancestry DNA to Someone Else's Tree?

Is it possible to link your Ancestry DNA results to someone else’s tree? Yes, it is – and you can learn exactly how to do it in this article.

As it happens in many families, there is usually someone who is more interested genealogy than others within the family. In my immediate family, I am the person who has focused most on building a family tree.

For this reason, it makes most sense for my relatives to link to my tree, instead of having to build their own tree. In addition, wouldn’t it be great if they could also link their DNA results to their place in the tree?

Fortunately, it’s possible – and super simple – to achieve this. Below, I’ll walk you through exactly how to link your Ancestry DNA results to someone else’s tree.

After you have completed the process, you will be able to explore your Ancestry DNA ThruLines feature, as well as use the Common Ancestors filter on your DNA match list.

How to link Ancestry DNA to someone else’s tree

In order to be able to link Ancestry DNA results to someone else’s tree, the person who owns the tree must first invite the Ancestry DNA member to join their family tree. Once the Ancestry DNA member has accepted the invitation to join the tree, they must link their results to the tree from their DNA test settings page.

If this process sounds complicated, don’t worry. I’ll go into further detail about each aspect of the process below.

The most important thing that you need to know is that you need to be invited to join someone’s family tree in order to link your Ancestry DNA results to their tree. You cannot link your results to just anyone’s tree, and instead must have their tree linked to your Ancestry account.

The main benefit of having the process work this way is that your relative (the owner of the tree) can keep their ownership of the tree and you (the DNA tester) can keep private your DNA results. In addition, neither person has to give the other access to their individual Ancestry account, which is important in this era of privacy concerns.

To summarize once again, there three things that must occur for you to link your Ancestry DNA results to someone else’s tree:

  • The owner of the tree must invite you to join their tree
  • You must accept the invitation to join the tree, which links their tree to your main Ancestry account
  • You then need to link your DNA results to the new tree from your DNA test settings page

If you need help working through any of those three steps, keep reading. I’ll explain everything!

You must invited you to join their tree before you can connect your DNA

The first step to connecting or linking your Ancestry DNA results to someone else’s family tree is for the owner of the tree to invite you to join their tree. Your relative can do this from their “Sharing” feature, which can be accessed directly from the page where they see their family tree.

The image below shows that if they click the little down arrow next to the name of their family tree (from the family tree viewing page), they will see a drop-down menu where tree Sharing can be accessed:

Click “Tree Settings” or “Sharing” to invite someone to join your tree

If you click on “Sharing”, then a menu will appear where you can type in someone’s e-mail address, and choose the role (Editor) that you would like them to have in your tree. The final step is click “Send Invites” so they will get the e-mail.

Don’t forget to press the Send Invites button!

Important: To have the correct access level to be able to connect your DNA to a tree, you must be given “Editor” access. Make sure that they use the e-mail that you use to log in to your Ancestry DNA results!

When you start a family tree on Ancestry, you are the owner. At any point, you can invite other people to view, collaborate on, or manage your tree.

This does not affect your ownership of the tree. This means that when someone invites you to join their tree so that you can connect your DNA results, they aren’t giving up their ownership of the tree.

They are just letting you benefit from their work. If they are close family, it really makes a lot of sense to do it this way.

Accept the invitation to your relative’s tree to connect your DNA

This next step is easy, but it’s important. Once your relative has invited you to join their tree, you should receive an invitation to join their tree to your e-mail.

Be sure that you are logged in to your Ancestry account from the browser or device that you will use to click on the link in the e-mail. If you ever access anyone else’s Ancestry account from your device, be sure that you are logged out.

Once you click on the link in your e-mail invite, you will be taken to Ancestry and will now have access to their family tree. You should now see it on your Trees dropdown menu, which is located on the black navigation bar.

Once you have completed this step, you can now move on to the final step in linking your DNA.

Link your DNA results to the new tree

The final step for linking your DNA results to someone else’s tree is to access your DNA test results settings, choose the new tree, and select your place in the tree. If you are not already in the tree, you should add yourself before doing this step.

The image below shows where to click to access your DNA test settings directly from your DNA results overview page. The icon is located in the top right corner.

The red arrow points to the Settings button, which is where you need to visit to make any changes to your DNA test settings

You will then be able to access the Tree Link feature by clicking on the “Change” link next to where your DNA results are already linked:

The red arrow points to the blue “Change” button, which is where you should click to link your results to a tree (it will say “Change” whether you are currently linked to a tree or not)

Finally, you can choose the tree to which you would like to link your DNA. Once you choose the tree, you will be prompted to choose who you are in the new tree:

The red arrow points to the menu that you should expand, where you will see all of the trees that are currently connected to your account

Once you have completed the steps in this post, wait 24-48 hours to get access to new ThruLines and Common Ancestors.


I hope that this post has helped you understand the benefits of linking your Ancestry DNA results to someone else’s tree and exactly how to do it.

If you have any questions about something that you read in this post, I would love to hear from you in the discussion below.

Thanks for stopping by today!

Share the knowledge!


Family tree of the family (pedigree chart)

In this article we will tell you what is the genealogical tree of the family , what is the principle of its construction, what other names of this term can be found, and also how to draw up a diagram in depth of a kind with ancestors, about whose existence you do not know. You should know that this phrase is the fundamental concept of the science of genealogy, which studies the genealogy and family connection of ancestors. A genealogical tree, also known as a family tree, is a schematically designed table based on the relationship of a person and his family. In ancient times, the human race was associated with a growing tree, and therefore, the representation of family members was originally depicted as a tree trunk with the founder of the dynasty, surrounded by branches and leaves with the descendants of the ancestor located on them. There are various types of family tree, you can read about them in detail in a special material on the website by clicking on the above link, and here is a description of the variant of the pedigree scheme (table) that is common today, when the youngest representative of the genus is located at the roots of the tree.

On the Internet, you can see such colloquial versions of this term as a family or family tree. But according to scientific canons, these phrases are considered vulgar and incorrect, since the phrase refers primarily to genealogy, which means that its official name is the family tree. A valid synonym is the form "Family tree" (or generic), but nothing else. As for the second part of this concept, as historians have established and with which the genealogical community has agreed, only the word "tree" is applicable to the term, since the primary word form was in this form, which later turned into a "tree" for a more pleasant pronunciation and also sound. That is, if you want to operate with correct and scientific names, say genealogical tree of the family , then you are guaranteed a respectful attitude of specialists not only from our family research bureau "Keepers of Family Secrets", but also everywhere where they know and appreciate the history of the genealogy and the origin of the genealogy.

Turning to history, one can find out that in the days of Tsarist Russia, the culture of genealogy was an integral part of the moral values ​​of the representatives of the nobility. If in the house of a person from a noble family there was no genealogical tree of the family, this could be regarded as disrespect for the ancestors, which did not characterize the descendants who, according to society, had worthy surnames in the best way. Since then, a stereotype has developed in secular Russia that keeping a family tree is the lot of the aristocracy. And only in the 21st century the situation began to noticeably change, and more people began to understand that respecting one's origin, and also knowing where the roots of the clan come from, has nothing to do with the presence of paper with a large number of zeros under the mattress. After the revolution of digital technologies, it is possible to study the history of a family by compiling a genealogical tree of the genus, both by attracting professionals and specialists in the field of genealogy, and independently. Access to the state archives is open to everyone, regardless of wealth, and most residents of our Motherland have a computer with the Internet.

, before painting an algorithm for the formation of a genealogy scheme on its own, we remind you that on the site in the corresponding section you can buy a family tree of the family, beautifully designed by our designers and resort to the help of specialists in compiling related ties. If you decide to perform the task in question on your own, then you should first write out the entire list of relatives who are planned to be placed on the family tree. After completing the starting procedure, proceed to determine the relationship of family members in relation to the youngest person in order to arrange the names in the correct sequence on the genealogical chart. Please note that in this example, people currently living are placed at the bottom of the table, and ancestors from the past are at the top. Such a family tree diagram is intuitive and clearly shows the family.

It is important to understand that the person in the diagram symbolizes a separate branch of the family. Since children have parents, moving the genealogical tree deep into the genus, a geometric progression is formed, which, in the presence of exhaustive information, looks like this: from each tablet with a name, two arrows go up towards the father and mother. The wife of the male representative is located to his right, and brothers and sisters, if they exist, to the left, and so on ad infinitum. In the picture of a simplified family tree table attached to this part of the article, we have placed an example from Russian genealogy with direct offspring. As you know, the surname, according to the Christian traditions of the old time, was passed down through the male line, and, accordingly, the main branch of the clan to this day is the paternal line. This indicates that the descendant and his maternal ancestor are not directly related. But this does not mean at all that women should be absent from the table of the genealogical tree of the family. The 21st century is in the yard, male and female have equal rights, which is typical of our time.

The history of Russian births is surprisingly diverse and the materials in this article on the family tree will not be redundant if we do not consider cases with adopted children or "foundlings". Since in our practice of conducting genealogical research we sometimes stumble upon such turns of events in the growth of the family, the instructions in this regard are as follows: the adopted baby is placed on the genealogical tree diagram along with the native, just like adopted children, because by law they become full-fledged members of the family. It would not be superfluous to mention the situation when a child was adopted into a family from an orphanage. However, if it is not possible to trace the parents along the lines of such children, the further construction of the genealogical tree scheme in the depth of their genus, unfortunately, is completed.

Genealogical tree of the family - what to consider when studying

Above, the scheme of the genealogical tree of the family was sorted on the shelves based on relatives whose existence is known, but what about the representatives of the genus from past generations? After all, usually grandparents cannot tell about them. We note right away that the process of studying the history of a family pedigree with the origin of a surname in state archives and other institutions, although interesting, is difficult and contains many pitfalls. If you want to save time and nerves by entrusting the work to professionals in the field of genealogy, we recommend that you order a family tree from Livemem, which will provide you with reliable authenticated documents and a well-formed family chart based on the results of historical research. However, you can join your own history on your own, since you have already understood the principle of compiling a family tree table, it remains to understand how to move deeper into the genus along the selected branches, linking the family chains into a single whole.

Let's divide the task of generating a family tree table in the direction of the ancestor of the surname into several main areas for collecting materials on the origin of the dynasty:

1) Interviewing the family and identifying the starting point;

2) Search for mention of family name on the Internet;

3) Work in archives with documents and communication of generations;

4) Collection of information in tribal villages and local libraries.

At each stage of the search for ancestors, in order to draw up a diagram of the genealogical tree of the family, you will find resistance, and sometimes even misunderstanding - be prepared for this. So, for example, some people do not really like to remember their past due to the presence of complexes or unpleasant events. Interviewing older generations can be hampered by memory impairment in older family members, do not delay this stage and try to complete it as early as possible, being in a favorable environment. Searching through the Internet among genealogical sites and related resources with historical information is problematic due to the presence of a huge amount of spam and inaccurate information. Operating only with data from the worldwide network, you risk creating an incorrect genealogical tree of your family. Do not forget that in our country there is a law on personal data, but despite all this, there is a chance to stumble upon valuable materials. Read more about the search for ancestors in the archives in the corresponding article on our website, and here we will give a brief description of the nuances of working in specialized institutions.

Work in archives is a separate story, here you sometimes have to provide a basis for conducting a tree study (proof of kinship with the desired surnames), long and carefully study genealogical sources with illegible handwriting, which filled most documents until the 20th century. It is not uncommon for people in million-plus cities to have to wait in line for a whole month to visit the reading room or to get the necessary files from the archival fund, since the main state archives are located in regional centers with a large population. These factors negatively affect a person's motivation, and, as a final result, the desire to explore the family tree of genus may disappear altogether. And yet, each institution sets its own set of rules, such as a ban on taking photographs, which is why you can expect to make a photocopy of the original for more than one week. In the villages, unfortunately, not everything is so simple either, often there are people in a state of intoxication and it is problematic to hear their story about the village, however, often the locals are happy to make contact. But we believe in you, having a worthy goal, you will definitely succeed, because whoever seeks will always find!

Author: Andreev Maxim Aleksandrovich

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Make a family tree. Family Tree

Creating a family tree is a fantastic way to illustrate your family history. Research your family tree first to find out who should be included in the family tree, then diagram each generation to create your family tree. You can decorate your family tree to turn it into a piece of art or just save your research so you always have your story at hand. Review Step 1 to get started.

Part 1

Exploring your history

    Write down the people you want to include in the family tree. The bloodline starts with you and expands from there. Start by writing down the names of your next of kin, then move on to your parents' generation. Make sure you don't miss anyone! Your pedigree will be an important part of your family history, so it will take time to create an accurate family tree.

  • Write down your name, the names of your siblings, and the names of your parents.
  • Write down the names of your grandparents, the names of your aunts and uncles, and the names of your cousins.
  • Write down the names of your great grandparents and the names of your great aunts and uncles.
  • Many people stop there, but you can include as many generations as you like.
  • Fill in the blanks by doing some research. The process of filling in the names can be difficult when you write down several generations. To make sure everything is included and all the names are accurate, do some research to double check yourself. This is a great opportunity to learn more about your family history.

    Decide what information you want to highlight. In addition to your family's first and last names, you can list dates of birth, dates of death (if any), dates of marriage, and so on. The presence of these dates in the pedigree will make it even more informative as a historical document of your family. In addition to dates, you can include places of birth or hometowns of your relatives.

    Decide whether to include photos. If you have access to photographs of your ancestors, you can add a small portrait of each person. This choice is best for pedigrees that have relatives, as photos can fill in empty spaces on your finished chart.

    • If you only have a few photos, you can simply add photos of immediate family members.
    • Find photographs of as many family members as possible. If you want to make them all the same size, then copy them to your computer and use Photoshop or another editing program to resize them.

    Part 2

    Create a chart
    1. Start with your generation. This is the root of the tree and includes you, your parents and your siblings. The form your chart takes is your choice. If you want it to expand vertically and thicken on top like a tree, start at the base of a large piece of paper. You can also start on the left side of a piece of paper so that your diagram can be easily read from left to right. No matter what form your diagram takes, complete the following information to get started:

      • Write down your name.
      • Draw a line from your name to your mother's name. Draw another line from your name to your father's name. Draw a horizontal line that connects your mother's name with your father's name.
      • If you have siblings, draw a line from your mother and father to their names.
      • If your siblings have spouses, write down their names and connect them with lines.
      • If your siblings have children, write down their names and connect them with lines.
    2. Fill in the generation of your parents. Now it's time to fill in the second generation - your parents' generation. Connect each married couple with a horizontal line and draw lines from parents to children.

      • Write the names of your maternal grandparents above your mother's name. Write the names of your paternal grandparents above your father's name.
      • Match the names of your maternal grandparents with your mother's siblings. Match the names of your paternal grandparents with your father's siblings.
      • Add the names of your aunts and uncles' spouses.
      • Add the names of the children of your aunts and uncles, your cousins.
    3. Depict your grandparents' generation. If you have a large family, then your family tree may go beyond the edges of the sheet. Some people stop at this point, with grandparents on both sides topping your chart. If you want to continue, it's time to turn on the grandparents generation. Remember to connect married couples with horizontal lines, and draw lines from parents to their children.

      • Add the names of your maternal grandmother's mother and father and your maternal grandfather's mother and father. These are your great-grandparents.
      • Add the names of your paternal grandmother's mother and your paternal grandfather's mother and father. These are also your great-grandparents.
      • Add the names of your maternal grandparents' siblings—your great aunts and uncles.
      • Add the names of your paternal grandparents' siblings—your great aunts and uncles.
      • Write down the names of the spouses and children of your great aunts and uncles.
    4. Decide how far you want to go. If you enjoy the experience of researching your family's history, then continue as much as you can. There is no limit to the potential size of your family tree, especially if it is digital!

  • With this article I begin the publication of regular reviews on narrow topics. I called this rubric " Book Review » . It will be a small overview of the topic and a thematic selection of books is offered.

    First review on the topic genealogy and genealogy .
    Let's start with questions.

    How many generations of your ancestors do you know ?

    I may be wrong, but usually not more than 3 generations. Father-grandfather-great-grandfather (mother-grandmother-great-grandmother).

    Why so few?

    Somehow we don’t have a tradition of keeping a family history and filling out genealogical book . Firstly, no one assumes this function in the family, and secondly, few people know how this is done.

    One way or another, but sometimes we know the pedigree of our pet better than the pedigree of our own family, kind.

    Why do you need to know this, a question may arise?

    Indeed, if earlier it was a necessity, as proof of belonging to one or another noble and noble family, it carried a pragmatic meaning.

    For example, in Europe, a person joining a knightly order was required to prove the noble origin of their ancestors, sometimes for three or four generations.

    But now there seems to be no need to prove anything to anyone. All are socially equal.

    True, sometimes there is a desire to raise my status and find out - what if I belong to a noble family. Or find foreign relatives who can leave an inheritance.

    Or sometimes the question arises - who are the parents of the bride/groom? It is interesting at least in the first generation to find out with whom your son or daughter will connect his fate.

    For these purely pragmatic purposes, the question is - why know the pedigree usually ends.

    Still, isn't it important to know your family's genealogy?

    I think that every person is at least interested in finding out who his ancestors were, where they came from, what they did.

    After all, there is such an expression " Ivan, who does not remember kinship ". One of the versions of its origin: we are talking about runaway convicts and criminal elements. Once in the hands of the police, they introduced themselves as Ivans, and they said about their origin "they don't remember their relationship."

    In a broad sense, this expression means that a person does not observe, does not respect the traditions of his ancestors, who has renounced his environment.

    I don't think anyone wants to fall under this definition.

    Organizing family information is not only interesting, but also useful. Indeed, in this way we generalize the entire tribal experience, discover some patterns that are passed down from generation to generation. We understand the strength and weakness of our kind. At the same time, we strengthen family ties.

    We are accustomed to turning for an example of fortitude or other quality to literary heroes, or to personalities described in motivating books (usually foreign representatives).

    But why not turn to your family for strength of mind. To recharge their energy, learn to cope with difficulties, as they did.

    Surely in every family there are such bright representatives.

    Memory in future generations

    Isn't it important to leave a memory of yourself in future generations.

    After all, the realization that the genealogy will be conducted in generations means that the ancestors will know about you and your deeds.

    Doesn't this make you take a different look at your life and live it in such a way that you are not ashamed in front of your descendants.

    Not to lose honor before the future generation is a good incentive to lead a decent life.

    In my opinion, it is very disciplined and makes you think.

    “I don't care what people think of me” is a very common opinion today. This is considered the freedom of the individual, its emancipation and independence. In my opinion, this is not serious.

    Pride in one's deeds, in one's family, in one's children - isn't that important?

    Become real chroniclers of your Family

    Why not start compiling a family tree, replenish, exchange, store right now.

    There are quite enough opportunities to do this, and anyone who is interested in the history of the family can do this.

    In addition, it is interesting and the search can turn into a truly exciting journey into history. There are numerous meetings with interesting people that I didn’t know about before, but who somehow belong to your Family.

    An introduction to pedigree theory

    First, let's define terms.

    The science that studies the history of the origin of childbirth and the systematization of genealogies is called Genealogy (from Greek genos genus, origin and logos word, doctrine).

    Pedigree is a list of generations of a particular genus, which establishes the origin and degree of relationship.

    Over the past centuries, genealogy has developed its own rules and norms for processing information.

    Let's get acquainted briefly with some of its concepts.

    1. Types of pedigrees.

    Genealogy has two directions of research:
    - ascending,
    - descending.

    upstream genealogy information is collected starting from a specific person to his ancestors: to his father, grandfather, etc.

    Downstream start with the most famous ancestor in the past and follow from him to his descendants to the present day.

    Ascending and descending pedigrees can be male and mixed .

    Male pedigree - the entire clan of men is indicated, women are only indicated as spouses.

    Mixed genealogy - all generations descended from men and women are indicated. Such a genealogy covers several genera in the male and female lines.

    2. Types of family tree .

    Very brief, illustrations only.

    2.1. Ro verbatim tree.

    2.2. Pedigree table.

    2.3. Horizontal table.

    2.4. Round table.

    2.5. Genealogical paintings.

    Painting is a verbal retelling of a table. As an example, the genealogy of A.S. Pushkin (a small part).

    1. Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, b. 05/26/1799 in Moscow, d.

    2.6. Cards.

    3. Terminology .

    There are three groups of terms:

    1. Kinship (relations by blood).

    A few examples:

    Grandmother, grandmother - father's or mother's mother, grandfather's wife.
    Brother - each of the sons of the same parents.

    Determination of degrees of relationship:
    Granddaughter, granddaughter - kinship from the third tribe or even further.
    Cousin - kinship from the second tribe.
    Blood - kinship within the family.

    2. Properties (by marriage).

    Brother-in-law - husband's brother.
    A wife is a married woman in relation to her husband.
    Son-in-law - husband of daughter, sister, sister-in-law.

    3. Close unrelated relationships.

    Uncle - appointed to care for and supervise the child.
    Stepfather - mother's other husband, stepfather.
    Stepdaughter - a daughter from another marriage in relation to a non-native parent.
    A stepson is a step-son of one of the spouses.
    Stepbrothers - brothers and sisters from different parents.

    How to start compiling a pedigree?

    The pedigree compilation algorithm consists of 2 parts:

    The first part is a description of relatives living now.
    The second part is the search for information about ancestors in archives and libraries.

    1. Questioning of relatives.
    2. Working with family records
    3. Working in the library.
    4. Work in the Regional Archive.
    5. Work in the Federal Archives.

    It's better to start with yourself - as the initial branch of the family tree. This will be an ascending tree. Collect information about parents, grandparents and earlier generations in family archives.

    Detailed information on how to compile a family pedigree, how to make written requests to the Archive can be found, for example, in the book O. Dan "Compose your pedigree" . 2011

    For those who are interested, I will give a list of books on the topic Genealogy :

    1. Where are your roots? Pedigree guide. Compiled by: N.I. Yurtaev.

    2. Savelov L.M. Lectures on genealogy. 1995.

    3. Introduction to genealogy: Proc. allowance Comp. A. I. Chigrin.

    4. Galperin B. My genealogy. 1983.

    5. Entertaining genealogy. Comp. E. V. Bibikova. 2007.

    6. Kolesnikov P.A. Journeys to Genealogies. 1997.

    7. Dukarevich P. My genealogy. 2007.

    8. Onuchin AN Your genealogical tree: Prakt. genealogy guide. - 1992.

    9. Blagovo N. "Advice to a novice genealogist."

    10. Genealogy for beginners: a manual. Comp. L. V. Biryukova. 2006.

    12. Rummel V.V., Golubtsov V.V. Genealogical collection of Russian noble families. 1886 -1887.

    14. Aksenov A.I. Genealogy of the Moscow merchants of the 18th century. 1988.

    15. Genealogy of gentlemen of the nobles included in the genealogical book of the Tver province 1787 - 1869.

    16. Bychkova M.E. Genealogical books of the 16th-17th centuries as a historical source. 1975

    17. Donald Westlake. "Don't shake the family tree." This is a story, but a very entertaining one.

    18. Website: Practical workshop "My genealogy".

    I hope that the information will be useful to you and someone will start compiling the genealogical tree of their family today.

    Best regards, Nikolay Medvedev.

    Methodology for compiling one's pedigree
    Let's consider two main areas of our work.
    1. Drawing up a family pedigree ("family book").
    2. Drawing up a genealogical (pedigree) tree.

    To compile a family pedigree, a special questionnaire is filled out for each relative.
    1. Surname (if female, maiden name).
    2. Name.
    3. Patronymic.
    4. Date and place of birth.
    5. If he died, date and place of death, place of grave.
    6. Name of his father and mother.
    7. Nationality.
    8. Are there brothers, sisters. Their dates of life.
    9. Children. Their dates of life.
    10. Full name of the wife (husband).
    11. Education: where and when did you study, what kind of education did you get, who is in your specialty.
    12. Occupation and place of employment: where, by whom and when did he work.
    13. In what events of wide social significance did he participate (for example, a participant in a war, the development of the North or virgin lands, etc.).
    14 Religion.
    15. Awards, titles
    16. What class did he belong to (before 1917).
    17. Interesting facts from the biography.
    18. Character traits, interests, inclinations.
    19. Sources of information about a person: publications about a person in the press, the Internet, letters, memoirs.
    20. Photographs of a person.

    When collecting information about a person, indicate where the information was obtained from, from which of the relatives or from publications.

    After collecting information about relatives, a “Family Pedigree” (album) is drawn up. Put the collected information into it, add photos if there are clippings from newspapers or printouts from sites.

    After collecting information about relatives, they make a family tree. There are several ways to compose it.
    1. From an ancestor to descendants.
    2. From one descendant to ancestors. When using this method, you start with yourself.

    The second method is preferable: less likely to cause confusion.
    On the tree, usually only the last name, first name, patronymic of a person and his dates of life are indicated. If possible, add a photo. Other information can be found in the pedigree. To facilitate the perception of the names of men, you can enter in a square, and women in a circle.
    We divide the sheet into levels (you can mark them with a pencil). The bottom level is your generation. At the bottom of the sheet (preferably in the center), place a square (circle) with your full name and date of birth. If you have brothers (sisters), add them next to you.
    Parents are shown on the level above. Draw a circle and a square next to each other. Draw lines from your parents to yourself and your siblings. Next to the mother, her brothers and sisters (with wives and husbands) are shown. From them, the arrows lead down to their children, your cousins ​​​​by mother. Next to the father, his brothers and sisters are shown. Draw your paternal cousins ​​down from them. So we got two levels of the family tree. The bottom one shows you, your relatives, cousins, second cousins ​​and sisters. That is your generation. The second level from the bottom shows your parents, their brothers and sisters, that is, their generation. Also, one level above your parents, depict your grandparents (third level from the bottom). Connect your parents with arrows to their parents (your grandparents). Next to the grandparents, show their brothers and sisters. Show their children one level down from them, show their grandchildren one level down.
    Please note that if these requirements are met, the tree can be very wide. First, depict its elements in drafts, think over the layout of the tree, the location of its branches. The abbreviated version of the tree often does not show all relatives, but only the ascending line to the ancestor.
    At present, specialized computer programs have appeared that allow automating the compilation of the tree.

    Fig. 1. Fragment of the genealogical tree of the Great and specific Vladimir and Moscow princes of the XIII-XVI centuries. The scheme shows that Dmitry Donskoy was the great-great-grandson of Alexander Nevsky.

    Fig. 2. Schemes of degrees of kinship. The ascending line of kinship is shown on the left . Count the number of lines between a person and his great-grandfather. There are 3 of them, that is, the great-grandson is in the third degree of relationship with the great-grandfather.

    Descending lineage shown on the right . The person is in the third degree of kinship with his great-grandson (3 lines in the diagram).

    Shown below is the lateral lineage . The wife's nephew is in the sixth degree of relationship with the husband's niece. Husband and wife are considered to be "one person", and the line between them is not depicted.

    In pre-revolutionary Russia (and in most civilized countries) it was customary to study the history of one's family. Of course, the nobility had their own traditions. Huge genealogical rooms were not uncommon in the halls of family palaces. But even in simple families, as a rule, children were told about who their relatives were (both the closest and the most distant). But in the Soviet Union, they were of the opinion that the son should not answer for his father. Yes, and the famous item number 5 in the questionnaires (nationality) ruined the nerves of many people. And the presence of noble people among the ancestors and with high-profile surnames completely became the reason for refusing to accept a non-prestigious job or to enter an elite university. Therefore, in our country for many years they forgot about what genealogy is. But today everything has changed! Many people are beginning to be interested in the question of how to draw a family tree. This can be done in different ways. Further - about them!

    How to draw a family tree: the easiest options

    If, for example, you want to tell the story of a family to a child, then you should not delve into the historical jungle. It is clear that it will be simply incomprehensible to a kindergartener or a junior school student why he should consider his fifth cousin great-grandfather, who lived in ancient times, as his relative.

    It is better to start with the simplest scheme, in which those relatives whom the baby knows will be “involved” (usually these are parents, brothers / sisters, grandparents). You can draw a schematic tree with it, color it brightly (with pencils or paints). You can draw both on a landscape sheet and on whatman paper. The details are not so important! You can limit yourself to a trunk, a crown, a minimum of twigs, and then stick a photo with captions (for example, such as: “Grandfather Vanya, Papa’s dad”, “Grandma Galya, Mom’s mom”). The main thing is that you have fun in the process! You can tell some stories from childhood that will be accessible to the understanding of the child. The warm and friendly atmosphere during the preparation of such a “masterpiece of genealogy” will remain in the memory of the baby. Perhaps, as he gets older, he will want to delve into the history of the family.

    A child around 10 years old can be shown how to draw a family tree with a pencil in a more “professional” way. Here it will already be necessary to first decide what the tree will be like (oak, apple tree or, for example, maple). Then you should decide how many relatives (and how) will "settle" on the tree. Maybe the photos will be pasted inside the apples or cherries? Or will nameplates be neatly drawn on the crown?

    How to draw a family tree: more advanced options

    If you are serious about figuring out your family history, preparing to visualize your family tree will be more essential. To begin with, you will need to collect as much information as possible. To draw a family tree, you may have to delve into special databases, as well as visit the archives in your city, write requests in writing and send them to other cities or even countries.

    It must be understood that this process is very laborious. By the way, requests must be made correctly. If you want to not only learn how to draw a family tree in practice, but also do it with high quality, you should approach the matter responsibly! You should not write something like: “I am Petya Ivanov, somewhere in Russia I have many relatives, but I don’t know them. Do me a favor, find their data!” It is more correct to make separate requests for the facts of interest to you. For example, if you want to know what your great-grandmother's maiden name was, you should send a request to the authority where she registered the marriage with her great-grandfather, indicating the year of this event and the data known to you. For example, like this: “I ask you to draw up an extract on the fact of the marriage of citizen Sidorov Ivan Petrovich (1930 years of birth) and citizen Anna Ivanovna (1932), her maiden name is unknown. The painting took place in 1950 in the village of Makeevo.

    How to start compiling a pedigree? My experience.

    A pedigree, or as they used to say, a pedigree, is a series of parents and children, where basic information is given about each.

    If you start the entry with yourself, then they consider themselves the first generation, their mother and father - the second, the parents of each of them (grandparents) - the third, and so on. Such a pedigree is called mixed.

    It is best to start your pedigree with a mixed ascending pedigree.

    First, this kind of pedigree is usually started from the memory of their living members of the genus.

    Second, the mixed ascendant pedigree is the original kind of pedigree. Without it, one cannot begin to draw up a descending pedigree.

    Descending pedigree includes many more generations than is usually stored in memory.

    If you compile only your mixed ascending lineage, you will already be doing a great deal for yourself, for your family, even for the history of the time in which you live. After all, you will collect information and documents that, perhaps, cannot be found in any archives.

    What does it take to build your mixed ascendant lineage? First of all, you need to prepare for this work

    How I prepared.

    1. From the very beginning, I got myself a good folder, 33x23 cm in size with detachable rings.

    2. Prepared 2 dozen envelopes slightly larger than writing paper. There is at the post office (Art.3319r, size 32.5x22. 5) They must be redone so that they open from the side, which is 22.5 in size. And on the larger side, make holes for filing in a folder with a hole punch.

    3. I put my notes, letters, family documents, photographs into these envelopes. The inscriptions on the envelopes about what is in them are best done in pencil. And it is better if the envelope is transparent, you can immediately see what is lying. Such plastic envelopes with a button are on sale. It's even better, nothing will fly out.

    Now that everything is ready, you can start compiling a pedigree.

    1 stage

    I learned from my relatives (mothers, fathers, grandfathers and grandmothers) the names and patronymics of their parents. I also learned the maiden names of women of the family. I wrote all this down on a separate sheet under the heading List No. 1

    Then I made List No. 2. Records are kept here about all brothers, sisters of older family members, their wives and husbands, as well as their parents.

    Then start collecting information about each family member. On a separate sheet, I wrote:

    1. Surname, name, patronymic of a relative

    2. Date, month and year of his birth, place of birth

    3. For those who are no longer alive, the day, month and year of death where he is buried.

    4. Surname, name, patronymic of the father of this relative.

    5. Last name, first name, patronymic of the mother.

    godfather and godmother

    7. Estate, for those who were born before 1917, indicate: from peasants, from philistines, from merchants, clergy, nobles.

    8. Place or places of residence and in what years.

    9. To which religion was he assigned at birth and later (Orthodox, Catholic, Megamethan, Jewish, etc.) or does not belong to any.

    10. Where was he brought up, what kind of education did he receive.

    11. Places of work or service, titles and positions.

    12. Whether participated in wars, battles. When and where.

    13. What awards (badges, medals, orders) does he have or had?

    14. Last name, first name, patronymic of wife (husband).

    15 Names and dates of birth of children (day, month, year).

    This information is stored in an envelope pinned up in a folder

    Do not forget to make a note after each information you write down, from whom it was received and the date of recording.

    Naturally, you can write down information about yourself on points 1,2,4,5,8,9, perhaps 6 and partly 10. Do not be upset if you cannot find information on all points Complete information about each person is possible collect very rarely.

    Stage 2

    I am sure that after reading the above information, you imagined a table littered with a pile of papers, and for sure your optimism diminished. And absolutely in vain. Compiling your family tree on paper is now a thing of bygone days. At the moment, there is a great variety of software products that allow you to make a family tree almost at a professional level.

    Learn more