How to make a small tree house
13 Simple Treehouse Ideas You Can Build For Your Kids This Weekend (Easy to Expert Levels)
Ah, a treehouse. Is there anything that symbolizes the joy, freedom, and magic of childhood better than this iconic structure? It brings kids and adults closer together and closer to nature. Over time, with the ever-increasing interest and the better accessibility of power-tools, treehouses have evolved form simple tree decks to elaborate, two-story buildings with many creative solutions.
Is making a treehouse difficult? It can be, but it doesn’t have to be, as long as you have some basic building experience.
Of course, the difficulty level depends on the design itself.
So, if you have some maker experience, a piece of land, a few old, sturdy trees on it, and some power tools, don’t wait for another second – start searching for your perfect treehouse immediately.
What Is A Treehouse?
Dictionary.com defines Treehouse as “a small house, especially one for children to play in, built or placed up in the branches of a tree. ”
You could say that the definition is a bit outdated in one respect – these days, treehouses are coveted by adults and children alike! That happened partially because of the popular Treehouse Masters TV show, which we will discuss a bit later.
There isn’t a standard codebook for building treehouses, and there are several different options for doing most things when building a treehouse. So the most important things are that you find a plan that suits you the most and that it is detailed enough
Treehouse Building Ideas
Let’s get to the point. Here are some treehouse articles, and practical treehouse tutorials, projects, and courses to get you inspired. Some of them are full-blown tutorials with detailed instructions. A few of them are not so instructional but are an awesome resource to get your inspiration from.
As for the difficulty levels, the important thing to point out is that he treehouses labeled with “Easy” still require basic carpentry skills, as mentioned earlier.
Easy (Basic) Treehouse Ideas
1. General Treehouse Instructions And Tips by Treehousebuilding
This article, or a similar one, should be your first stop. Building a treehouse requires some building or making the experience, but even when you do have that experience – it can seem intimidating. This is mostly because the risks of a faulty treehouse are big. If your treehouse fails and falls, someone could get hurt. This is especially concerning since the main users of treehouses are kids.
That is why you should study the basic principles of treehouse building – as long as you feel you need to before actually starting to build. This article lays out the treehouse building basics in an easy to understand way, so it is a good starter before starting to look for a design.
- No Skills Required
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2. Redwood Stump Tree Deck by Shawnconna
A tree deck or a platform is simpler than a treehouse – since it has no roof or walls, it is easier to make everything leveled and secured.
What’s interesting about the design is that it features spider web-shaped support, assessed by an expert to be able to support a two-story house.
The end result features some wonderful details, like the captain’s wheel in the middle of the platform and the matching sailboat-like roping instead of ladders to support this vintage ship aesthetic.
- Easy to Medium
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3. Semi-Open Treehouse by Makendo
Instructables user makendo offers an open treehouse design that falls between a treehouse and a platform. The advantage of a lighter type of treehouse is that it can be set up a bit higher than the more elaborate designs.
This particular design required two or tree trunks or heavy branches that are close to each other. The dominant material is the new, pressure-treated wood, with the addition of an old fence that was recycled for the sides.
As it is pretty much open, this plan falls into a summer treehouse category – it is not weather-proof, though the author claims that it still stays pretty dry inside.
- Easy to Medium
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4. Ultimate Treehouse by btm
The author has designed this treehouse as a small shed, with a typical sloped roof with wonderful grade D cedar shingles.
Unlike many other projects listed here, it was made out of the wholesome sheets of plywood and features no windows at least for now.
The main upside of this design is its simplicity. The author says that this particular construction is just the beginning and further upgrades are expected.
- Easy to Medium
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5. A Basic Treehouse by Figuring it Out
Here’s another tree deck design, perfect if you are unsure that you could build a true treehouse.
Unlike the I Like To Make Stuff video tutorial, this video doesn’t show the process of the building. It is a tour of the already made treehouse deck, but it goes into a decent amount of detail. It is likely you will know exactly what to do after watching it.
- Easy to Medium
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Advanced to Expert Treehouse Ideas
6. Epic Treehouse by Ibeme87
Did you ever want a treehouse that goes beyond being a simple platform, and resembles a real house? It has features of the real house, but it is completely doable. Not essentially easy, but doable. To make things even more special, it is not just a treehouse – it’s a loft treehouse!
Another wonderful feature of this house is its windows and glass doors. making it really filled with daylight and appropriate for the creation of your own little wildlife observatory in the canopy. Currently, this is a popular trend in treehouse design.
Since the treehouse is quite massive, the author didn’t take any chances and has hired a professional to install the treehouse attachment bolts. Also, he had the help of an arborist to help him pick the right tree. This emphasizes that safety is really important with these projects, even if the treehouse is not far above the ground. An error in this respect could cost a lot and be a danger to life and limb.
The “Epic” treehouse isn’t too tall and is accessed via stairs.
As for the tutorial, it is long and detailed, helping you learn a lot about treehouse building even if in the end you opt to build another project. It has 13 steps – pay special attention to the last one called “Funny details” since it shows some creative solutions that can be incorporated even in other projects.
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7. Complete Treehouse by Bloomie972
The project by Bloomie972 on Instructables is also a complete little house like our last example, only with fewer windows. This has its advantages and disadvantages. Obviously, the house has less light inside, but this also makes it cozier and presumably warmer. The doors are really nice and many details – such as the spacing of the steps on the access ladder – have been done with “little legs” in mind.
The tutorial is not very long, but it is filled with meaningful advice, so it is well worth reading even if you opt for another plan.
The Bloomie972 project features 8 steps – installing the beams, leveling the platform, installing the knee braces, installing the decking, framing and installing the walls, framing the roof and finally adding access ladder and doors.
- Medium to Advanced
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8. Elaborate Tree House with Slide by Omar O
Believe it or not, the idea for this beautiful, elaborate treehouse sparked for two simple wooden crates that needed repurposing. By the skillful vision of its designer (who is a professional – no surprise there), the pile of wood destined for landfills became this amazing playhouse.
And it’s not the only recycled item. Even better for the Earth, the slide, which is a cherry on the cake of this project is also upcycled. During the planning phase, the author found an abandoned old slide and asked the ex-owner if he could take it away and use it. The rest is history.
Can you imagine a more fun way to get down from a treehouse than a slide? Frankly, I can’t.
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9. Treehouse on Two Trees by dk31rc
With its 22 steps, this is the most detailed treehouse tutorial on our list. It features detailed plans, drawings, and photos. The end result is a proper, incredibly cute treehouse.
The only issue is that the last several steps are still missing. Let’s hope that the author will provide them soon, though I believe you can do without them and look for solutions within other projects.
- Medium to Advanced
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10.I Like To Make Stuff Treehouse
This is likely the most popular treehouse video tutorial on Youtube, created by the famous maker channel I Like To Make Stuff. It has two parts each just under 20 minutes, so in about 35 minutes total, you will get an opportunity to hear a lot of great treehouse advice and see
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11. Hexagonal Treehouse by Ethan Schlussler
This video is not a true tutorial, but a wonderful time-lapse video which’s purpose is (well, except showing off the builder’s superb skills) to inspire you to do imagine a different treehouse. For example, the one that has six corners instead of four.
It was built by two professionals in Idaho, using a spiderweb base and the fairy ring to attach to the tree – we’ve seen both of these techniques in our first example on the list. But what is build upon them is much more elaborate.
The spectacular all-around view (that features a lake view) in the end is sure to make you jealous.
Ethan has previously built his own hexagonal treehouse. If you’re curious, the short video shows some details of the process, including how boards for the house were made from raw wood. To makes things crazier, Ethan’s house can be rotated 360 degrees and features a bicycle elevator (!). Is Mr. Schlussler the most innovative treehouse builder out there? Very likely, yes!
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12. How to Build a Treehouse by David Parfitt
Everything we talked about up until this point have been free treehouse building resources. This approach has it’s pros and cons. While obviously easily available, free resources can be incomplete or lack crucial detail. It is likely you will have to study multiple free resources until you get the whole picture. This is not a bad thing of itself – seeing things from different angles in actually an advantage – but for some people just don’t have a lot of free time on their hands and would like a more comprehensive approach.
If you are one of those people and don’t spare the money to get some in-depth knowledge, buying an online course in building treehouses on an education platform can be a good choice.
In his course at Learning With The Experts, David Parfitt covers all the essentials – from the very beginning (tree types and shapes) to the final touches and customizations of the treehouse.
Besides this online course, ask around for workshops like this one in your area if you prefer conventional classroom learning.
- Beginner to Expert
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Did you know that there is an entire reality show that is all about treehouses? Animal Planet’s Treehouse Masters was led by Pete Nilson, a world-renowned treehouse designer, and builder. The show aired from 2013 to 2018 and sprouted 11 seasons of treehouse-centered entertainment – and education.
Like with the hexagonal treehouse above, the show is not made to be a bunch of step-by-step tutorials – which doesn’t mean you can’t learn a whole lot from it! When you leave out the must-have reality drama, you will be able to extract some great info on treehouses. The tasks vary from episode to episode, but almost all designs are really elaborate, challenging, and luxurious even (maybe it would be more appropriate to call the show Tree-Maison Masters), which is what makes the series fun to watch.
Although no one expects you to replicate what you will see in the show, you can harvest some of the professional builder’s ideas and scale them down for your own use. It is a great additional resource to consume if you currently have the basic treehouse building skills and don’t know in which direction to upgrade those skills.
In this article you had an opportunity to see a myriad of DIY treehouse designs. Although some of them seem similar, each is special in its own way and offers a learning opportunity.
A treehouse is a maker challenge worth trying because the end result is so incredibly satisfying. An opportunity to create one of the most wonderful childhood memory centerpieces or an exquisite hang-out spot for adults is certainly the one you should take.
Have you ever built your own treehouse? How was the experience? Tell us all about it in the comment section below.
DIY Treehouse Ideas and Helpful Building Tips
Advice and tips for building, attaching and furnishing your home in the treetops. Learn how to build a treehouse from experienced builders.
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Where Should You Build a Treehouse?
When thinking about treehouse ideas, take stock of the trees in your yard. Choose a healthy, long-lived hardwood for maximum support, with load-bearing branches at least eight inches in diameter (larger if the species is a softwood). The best trees include maple, oak, fir, beech, and hemlock. It doesn’t need to be too high, just high enough so nobody bumps their head when walking underneath it.
Does building a treehouse seem like biting off more than you can chew?
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Photo courtesy of Sean Milroy
Keep Weight and Stability in Mind
While it’s easy to get carried away with cool treehouse ideas, building a house in a tree brings with it certain physical limitations. Here are some structural things to keep in mind while designing your DIY treehouse:
- Build the platform as close to the trunk as possible, and add diagonal bracing for extra strength to support uneven loads.
- Put the load over the base of the tree, not on one side.
- For heavy tree houses, consider spreading the weight among several trees.
- A tree house will act like a sail in strong winds, adding a large load to the tree’s roots. In high-wind areas, build your tree house in the lower third of the tree.
- When building on one main trunk, level the main platform by cantilevering the beams and supporting them from below.
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Don’t Restrict Tree Growth
- Leave gaps around the tree.
- To accommodate tree movement and growth, allow gaps around any branches or trunks that penetrate the tree house.
- Don’t constrict branches with rope, straps or wire. This can strangle the tree.
- Add spacers between the beams and the tree to allow movement.
- Use extra-long large bolts. This leaves most of the shaft exposed so you can mount items on the ends and lets the tree grow over the shaft.
- Allow a two-inch gap around the tree if it passes through the floor and a three-inch gap if it passes through the roof (see photo).
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How To Level a Treehouse Floor
To keep a large tree house stable, center the load over the trunk and spread the weight among several branches.
It’s much easier to build the rest of the structure if the floor is level and can support the entire weight of the tree house. Consider these methods when generating DIY treehouse ideas:
- Lay beams across the branches and shim until level.
- Run the beams between trunks of different trees.
- Cantilever the beams out from a single trunk and support them from above or below.
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Build Sections on the Ground First
It’s easier and safer to fabricate the main sections on the ground and then hoist them into position. If branches penetrate areas of the tree house, complete the construction up in the trees.
“I assembled the platform and house on the ground, then disassembled them,” said expert Bob Lackey. “After attaching the supports to the trees, I lifted the platform piece by piece and assembled it on the supports. An extra set of hands was needed only to raise the four walls and two roof sections. Final assembly took place in the trees.”
Take a look at these great-looking kids room ideas for inspiration.
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Use the Right Fasteners
- Allow for flexible supports, especially if you use more than one tree, so that trees can move in the wind. Special floating brackets allow the tree to sway.
- Don’t run bolts through the tree. Lag bolts cause less tree damage than through bolts.
- Don’t use too many fasteners. One large bolt is better than many screws or nails. You get the same strength but with fewer puncture wounds to the tree.
- Whenever possible, perch your tree house on top of fasteners rather than pinning beams to the tree. This gives the tree room to move and grow.
- Even for smaller, lighter tree houses where the load is spread over three or four attachment points, consider using one inch or 1-1/4 in. dia. lag bolts.
You can order floating brackets and tree house fasteners from specialty suppliers such as garnierlimbs. com or treehousesupplies.com or special-order them from home centers. These bolts are pricey (about $100 each) and often require special tools. But they allow the tree more room to grow (they can support heavy loads up to five inches from the tree) and they hold more weight than normal bolts.
Let your kid feel like a spy with these awesome spy gadget toys.
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Photo courtesy of Barbarabutler.com
Cool Treehouse Accessories You Can Buy (Or Make Yourself)
Don’t forget the accessories with your treehouse ideas! Just a couple of finishing touches turn a “box up in a tree” into the ultimate fort and hang-out zone.
Here are some accessories that go great with a treehouse:
- Ball/potato launcher
- Water cannon
- Fire pole or slide
- Trap door
- Solar-powered lights or lanterns
- Fold-down benches and tables.
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Be Conscious of Treehouse Safety Issues
Building a treehouse is a wonderfully whimsical and romantic idea. But it’s important to go into it with your eyes open. Keep the following issues in mind:Tree Damage
Tree houses do damage trees. Foot traffic compresses the soil, which is bad for the roots. Adding weight in the branches can also stress the tree roots, and fasteners can cause infection. Most trees will survive this abuse, but think twice before you build in a treasured tree.How To Minimize Tree Damage
- Consider using one or two supports ground to take stress off the tree.
- Make the fewest punctures necessary to support the tree house safely. Any damage to the bark of the tree is a potential entry point for disease and bacteria.
- Don’t put fasteners too close together, which can weaken that section of the tree. Use at least 3/4 in. bolts spaced at least 18 in. apart vertically and 12 in. apart horizontally.
- Avoid slinging cables and ropes over branches. They cut through the bark as the structure moves.
Do you need a building permit? It depends on local laws and the nature of your treehouse. If you’re considering building one that will be visible to your neighbors, discuss it with them in advance to avoid problems. Often a municipality becomes involved after a neighbor complains. Stay away from boundary lines and don’t build your tree house where it will infringe on a neighbor’s privacy.Injuries
Kids can get hurt playing in a treehouse. Don’t build higher than eight feet and make sure to build safe, strong rails. Also, nobody should be in a tree house in high winds or lightning.
Check out these incredible treehouse building plans to get started.
Originally Published: June 18, 2020
how to build, drawings, photos, videos
Probably, there is not a single child in the world who would not like to have their own house, located on the branches of trees. This is not just a place for games - it is a small world with its own laws, rules, traditions. If there are several tall, strong trees in the summer cottage, you can come up with a simple project and bring it to life, to the delight of children, and adults too. It remains to figure out how to build a tree house with your own hands.
1 Tree structure options
2 Preparing for upcoming work
3 Ways to build a treehouse
3.1 Frame structure on supports
3.2 Arrangement of a platform on branches
4 DIY Instruction Videos
There are a lot of options for building tree houses. They are built both for exciting children's games, and for solitude with a book under a spreading crown in the summer heat.
There are absolutely no restrictions in style and purpose. It can be an inaccessible tower of a beauty, a disguised outpost, an ogre's castle or a spaceship.
- Watch tower
- The dwelling of the forest goblin
- summer vacation house
- Shed roof gazebo
- Dollhouse styling
- Traditional dwelling of the Papuans
- In the form of a wagon
- multi-storey castle
- hunting hut
Architecturally, everything is much more modest. There are three popular, proven types of structures, these are:
- Platform construction. Powerful branches or the trunk itself act as a bearing element, on which the details of the lower floor are fixed with self-tapping anchors. If necessary, the platform is reinforced with oblique beams resting against a tree.
- Frame house on stilts. In fact, this is an independent building, the floor and roof of which is only crossed by one or more trunks. The building itself is not supported by a tree, therefore, it does not interfere with life and growth. Such a house is installed on piles, the size of which is determined depending on the upcoming load.
- Hanging platform. Suspended from branches capable of withstanding using ropes, cables or chains. The easiest, but not very reliable and safe method of organization, especially when it comes to a play area for children.
The first and third architectural types directly depend on the bearing capacity of the trunk, the size of its branches and the root system. After all, the tree will have to perform the function of a foundation: to steadfastly hold the load not only of the structure itself, but also of visitors. It is believed that a trunk with a thickness of at least 30 cm in diameter, preferably more, will be able to cope with this difficult work.
Oak is rightfully recognized as the optimal species for building a house. Beech, maple and large spruces follow it in the ranking of suitable trees. Before you design a structure and plan actions, you need to carefully examine the object to be used for the presence of parasites and diseases. If negative signs are identified, the idea will have to be abandoned.
Three basic tree house designs are used as the basis for developing your own building design
For the construction of the second constructive variety, using only the crown for masking or decoration, the bearing capacity of the tree is absolutely unimportant. A completely young representative of the world of fauna will do, who will eventually hide the intelligence headquarters or the alien ship in its lush greenery. Almost all deciduous, coniferous and even garden species are suitable.
We admit that not all domestic estates have a suitable tree for building a house. However, suppose that it was your parents who bypassed the love of gardening. That the selfless and undivided passion for cultivating every centimeter in our latitudes did not force them to uproot such an incomparable object.
Before you start designing and choosing the best way to make a house on a tree growing within the plot, you should evaluate the real situation. You need to find out if there are any local ordinances prohibiting the construction of such structures. In some situations, for such buildings it is necessary to obtain permits.
If the tree is located next to a neighbor's plot, you should definitely talk to its owners. It is possible that the design will obscure their favorite flower garden, spoil the view from the window, or the frolicking children will cause unnecessary concern to the elderly. In any case, you should discuss the upcoming construction site with your neighbors in order to maintain friendly relations.
When designing a tree house, it should be taken into account that it is not safe to place it at a height of more than 2.5 m (1). If the trunk or branches are able to become a reliable support (2), they can be used as the basis for the construction of the first type of house. The tree must have a strong enough root system (3)
Let's assume that we have no obstacles for building a treehouse. So, we can safely do independent design, for which you need:
- Select the safest bottom floor height. It is believed that for children's games a treehouse should not be located above 1.5 m. If a gazebo is planned, then the height limit can be moved by 2 - 2.5 m. her.
- Calculate the optimal area of the lower floor or platform, considering that the projection from the building located on the tree must be completely on your site.
- Decide on the design of the house. Decide whether it will be a platform with perimeter fences and a canopy, a hut-type structure or a small frame house.
- Consider the possibility of an accidental fall. It is desirable that the ground around the structure is not compacted. Concrete sites are completely excluded, the proximity of paved paths is not recommended.
- Consider the most convenient and safe type of stairs for moving house visitors up/down.
If desired, and if there are structural prerequisites, it would be good to think over the options for exploiting the area under the structure. It does not hurt to arrange a shed there for storing utensils and items that will need to be removed from the rain.
When designing a structure, it is necessary to consider safety criteria, provide for the best way to move and the possibility of using the space under the house
As a hint to home craftsmen, we will analyze the two most popular methods for building a treehouse. They can be copied in whole or in part, or you can develop your own method of construction based on the examples given.
Frame structure on supports
This is the most humane type of structure, which in principle can be built just next to a tree or without it at all. It is a small frame structure mounted on piles. The roof is formed by hanging trusses, fastened at the top with metal plates. Movement is provided by a fixed ladder installed at an angle of 45º.
The presented version of the house does not rely on the trunk and branches. In order for them to cross the floor and roof, you just need to make holes in the ceilings (+)
A bar 105×105 mm was used to make the frame. For the device of the pile foundation, it would not be superfluous to slightly increase the size of the material, it is permissible to slightly reduce it on the wall racks. For wall cladding, it is better to purchase lining, but plywood is also suitable, it is recommended to buy a grooved board 150 × 50 mm for the floor, and a 100 × 25 mm edged board for the rafters.
You can build a house for a squirrel from the remains of a cut board. Read about it: https://diz-cafe.com/postroiki/domik-dlya-belki-svoimi-rukami.html
If there are no carpentry skills, then it is better to buy metal corners and plates to connect the frame parts. Do the same with the boxes in the door and window opening, although you can make them yourself if you wish.
In the construction of a house, it is easier to use a tried and tested option and calculated dimensions. You can develop your own project based on the example (+)
The roof in the example is made of flexible tiles, under which a continuous crate of plywood or a board laid with a gap of 3 mm is arranged. You will also need cement or a ready-made cement mortar from a plant specializing in its manufacture, anchors and thrust bearings for attaching piles.
Frame parts are easier to connect with metal corners. As an alternative, a half-tree cut is used. When choosing the second option, it should be taken into account in the calculation of the length of the elements (+)
In the example, an asymmetric hanging type truss system. The rafter legs at the top rest against each other, are connected using a toothed metal plate. The lower connection node with the frame strapping is formed by a notch, additionally fixed with nails (+)
Stages of building a base for a house:
- We mark the site according to the size of the house. We mark the corners of the structure with pegs, connect them with twine. We measure the diagonals of the marked outline, they should be equal.
- At the places of installation of piles, we form pits with a depth of about 50 - 60 cm. The length of the sides of the pits is 30 - 40 cm. The smaller its area, the less mortar will go, but the more - the more reliable the foundation for the pile will be. Recesses for pouring the solution can be made using a garden drill.
- We tamp the bottom of the pits, after wetting the low-moisture sand to increase the density. If the bottom is composed of loam, or wet sand, it is not necessary to moisten.
- Creating a pillow for the pile foundation. At the bottom of each pit we pour 10 cm of crushed stone and 10 cm of sand. We ram again.
- Pour cement mortar into one of the pits to approximately half of the space remaining after backfilling the pillow.
- We install pieces of metal masonry mesh with a cell up to 25 × 25 × 2 mm over the pouring. We fasten it with pins or wire directly into the soil wall of the pit. The main thing is that the grid does not move to the bottom, but remains approximately in the middle of the support being arranged.
- Fill the remaining space in the pit with mortar.
- Similarly, we arrange concrete foundations for all piles.
While pouring the second part of the mortar, install a dowel for the thrust bearing under the pile. If you do not put it right away, then you will have to drill a hole in the concrete stone. We take into account that no more than 45 minutes should elapse between filling the first and second half of the pit, otherwise the support will not be monolithic.
- Pit device
- Pouring solution
- Installation of a metal thrust bearing
Immediately after pouring with a building level, we check that the surface of the poured supports is at the same height. Otherwise, it will be necessary to align the thrust bearings, and put wood chips or cutting boards under them.
It takes time for the supports to harden. According to the rules for pouring foundations for residential buildings, the following work should be started after 28 days. For this period, they should be covered with polyethylene, which must be periodically removed to ventilate the supports.
- Installation of supports in thrust bearings
- Fastening corners to racks
- Installation of frame beams
- Top trim attachment
- Strap connection
- Window frame installation
- Making a rafter template
- Fastening rafters to the strapping
- Board floor boarding
- Wall frame assembly
- Fixing elements with corners
- Frame wall cladding
- Roof framing device
- The board is laid with a gap of up to 3 mm
- Roofing installation
Next, the frame is built:
- With the help of thrust bearings, we install piles, the upper part of which plays the role of supporting frame racks.
- We build the lower and upper harness of the house. We connect the strapping details to the racks using metal corners.
- We put window and door frames, if they are in the project.
- We mark the middle of the end of the house in order to try on the roof rafters. Strictly vertically we nail the rail in this place.
- We apply one board to the left and right sides of the conditional roof end, mark on them the line of the upper cut and the outline of the lower cut used for installation on the harness.
- According to these templates, we prepare the required number of long and short rafter legs.
- We connect the rafters with a metal plate on the ground and transport them upstairs in finished form. We strengthen the lower knot in the cutting area with nails or corners.
Now the finished frame must be sheathed as planned: lay the floor, sheathe the walls, lay the sheathing and roofing. During sheathing, we select holes for the tree trunk where it passes through the floor and roof. We form a hole with a gap along the perimeter of the trunk of 7 - 10 cm for free movement during growth and in case of swaying in a strong wind.
The principle of the fence, window frame and shutter is shown in the diagrams with dimensions (+)
4-point fixed ladder for children's house is the safest option. However, for a device of this design, it is necessary to pour concrete supports to support the lower points (+)
From below, around the hole, we nail the cuttings of the board to strengthen the floor and prevent the material from tearing off. At the end, we install the appropriate canvases in the window and door frames, construct and fix the stairs.
Holes are formed in the lower ceiling of the house and the roof for the tree trunk so that there is a gap between the tree and the structure (+)
Arrangement of a platform on branches
If the trunk has a V-shaped fork, it may well become a support base for the lower ceiling of the house. True, the tree will have to be drilled, which is not very pleasant for him. In addition, the fixing points must be made in such a way that when the size of the tree changes and when it sways from the wind, it cannot damage the structure.
Before you start building such a treehouse design, you need to try it on. It is needed to select the optimal position of the floor beams. This is best done with cutting boards, the length of which will be approximately 50 cm longer than the distance between the branches. To perform fitting and marking for the described option, you will need a reliable ladder and a similar assistant.
- Branch house
- Suitable only for powerful trunks
- View of the site from below
Having placed the board strictly horizontally, it is necessary to mark the attachment points on the branches and on the board. To find them, a board must be pivotally attached to one of the branches with a nail. By turning the board, slightly shifting its second edge up / down, you should find a horizontal position. Horizontal control should be carried out with a building level, setting it on the edge of the board being tried on.
The fitting phase is extremely important because in the future, to correct distortions, it will be necessary to drill a new hole in the wood, which will weaken both the trunk and the attachment point.
As in the previous case, it is necessary to think over the safety aspects in advance and choose the best type of stairs for movement
The cutting of the board will become a template for marking the distance between the branches on the 100x150 mm beam to be attached to the tree. The holes are naturally marked in the center of the workpiece on the wide side. This is how the floor guide beam is formed. The distance on the opposite side should be determined in the same way and in exactly the same way it will be necessary to make the second beam.
The holes for fastening the beams to the tree must be longitudinal and clearly aligned to the horizon. To do this, from the point marked on the material, lay 5 cm to the right and left sides. Then, with a 12 mm drill, the initial holes are selected along the edges, and the excess between them is removed with a jigsaw. The longitudinal hole will allow the branches to move without destroying the structure installed on them.
The holes for fastening the beams to the trunk must be made in the form of an elongated slot so that the tree does not damage the structure when swinging from the wind
Next, we start building a house according to the following algorithm:
- We fasten the guide beams to the branches through the formed holes, installing wood screws Ø 12 mm approximately in their middle. Fastener length 200 mm. A washer must be installed between the beam and the screw.
- Checking the horizontal position of the fixed beams.
- We mount on top of them in the transverse direction the beams of the lower floor from a beam of 50 × 100 mm. We first install the two extreme ones, then the intermediate ones. The distance between the intermediate beams must be equal. We fix to the guide screws 80 mm.
- From the end of the installed transverse beams we fasten a beam of the same size.
- Nodal connections are reinforced with metal corners and plates.
- We strengthen the position of the platform with two oblique beams 50×100 mm, the upper edge of which rests against the formed platform, the lower one is nailed to the tree. Fastening to the site is carried out with corners, to the tree with 100 mm screws.
- We lay the floor with a board 50 × 150 mm. We rally the grooved board and nail it after 4 - 5 pieces to the floor beams. It is permissible to lay a non-grooved board with gaps of 2 - 3 mm, each element must be fastened with two screws or nails.
- Along the perimeter of the platform we build a fence from a vertically installed board or bar with a distance between the elements of about 10 cm. In the corners of the platform, the bars of adjacent sides are installed close to each other. The length of the railing elements is at least 90 cm, so that the total height with railings is about 80 cm.
- Lay a block on top of the railing to form the railing. The bar is attached with corners to these peculiar balusters.
Site ready. In order to get there, you will need a ladder, the type of which is selected for safety reasons. If children will be the host in the house, it is better to build a durable version on stringers or bowstrings with at least one-sided railings. If a ladder is to be used, its beams should be sharpened from below and deepened into the ground to fix the position.
- Drilling holes for fasteners
- Installation of floor beams
- Installation of beams from the end of the floor
- The principle of connecting elements
- Fasteners for end beams with corners
- Strengthening the platform with jibs
- Forming a hole for the trunk
- Fixing floor boards
- Stages of floor boarding
- Installation of fence posts
- Installation of railings
- Metal mesh attachment
- Construction and installation of stairs
- Arrangement of an awning instead of a roof
- The simplest roof option
The design of the top of the platform can be varied. A folding or stationary structure in the form of a hut or a gable roof is suitable. The construction of a treehouse can be continued using frame technology or an awning can be placed there, stretched over racks located at the corners.
Budget method of building a summer base on a tree:
American builders experience in building treehouses:
The options for building a treehouse that we proposed are most often used by independent craftsmen. With the construction according to the described schemes there will be no slightest problems. But the result will be appreciated by adult households and the younger generation.
- Author: yanana11
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How to make and build a tree house for children with your own hands
Many parents ask how to build a tree house for children, what kind of wood to build, materials and tools that will be needed for work.
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- 1 What should be a children's house on a tree 9000 6 Decorating a treehouse
What a children's treehouse should look like
A treehouse for children must first of all be safe. This means that its height above the ground should not exceed a certain value, and the thickness of the trunk should not be less than 30 cm in diameter.The process of building a simple tree house
It must have a railing. And besides this, when making a tree house, you need to take into account many more different factors:
- Height. The older the child, the bigger it can be. But the maximum allowable distance between the ground and the floor of the building should be no more than 2 m. The height of human growth, that is, about 1.8 s, is considered optimal. For children, it is better to make a playground at a distance within 1 m above the ground.
- Convenience. A house for games on the branches of a tree should be equipped with a reliable and convenient ladder in the house. The crossbars in it should be comfortable for grabbing a child's palm. And the distance between them should be such as to prevent accidental slipping of the leg or arm.
- Capacity. The building should have enough space for everyone. Including adults, whom the little inhabitants will definitely want to invite to visit. Therefore, drawings must be made with a margin of free space.
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Choosing a tree to build
If you decide to make a treehouse with your own hands, then first you need to find a suitable place to build. There are a number of criteria to consider when choosing. These include:
- composition of the soil around the tree;
- species (species) of wood;
- his age;
- state of branches and trunk;
- crown volume.
Now let's take a closer look at each of the selection parameters. The base for the construction should be on normal, not sandy soil. Otherwise, the trunk will fall under the additional weight that the tree house will create.An example of a tree with a built children's house
The type of wood significantly affects the choice. Pine, like other conifers, is best excluded immediately. Sharp needles can injure a child, and a resinous trunk will create a lot of problems with washing clothes and washing children. Linden has too soft wood, while poplar, willow and chestnut have weak root systems. Therefore, a do-it-yourself tree house is most often erected on oak or maple. They have not only solid wood, but also a branched crown, convenient for installing a platform.
From fruit trees, an apple tree is suitable for setting up a small house. But it is only suitable for babies, its branches may not withstand adults.
The tree chosen for construction must not be young or old. And the more branches there are, the better the result will be. Note that the thickness of the branches on which the treehouse for babies will be mounted should not be less than 20 cm.Diagram with dimensions and layout of the children's treehouse
If there are dry branches near the building, they must be removed. If children happen to lean on them while playing, they may fall when the dry wood breaks under their weight. The volume of the crown is also important. The larger it is, the more points there will be for fixing structural elements.
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Before starting work and before purchasing the materials needed to build a tree house, it is necessary to make a project for the construction of the house. It takes into account all the elements, draws up the dimensions and calibrates the proportions.
Children must be involved in the work on the project. After all, they are future tenants, and their opinion must be taken into account. As a result, the home master will be able to create a magical place for games and entertainment. The first step is to make a sketch. To do this, the future house is drawn on plain paper, without dimensions and proportions.Drawing of a tree house
Having agreed on the design, they begin to make real drawings. In them, the structure is drawn to scale, indicating all the data and exact numbers.
The diagram must be made in at least three projections - front view, bottom view and side view. It will be good if the master draws a separate drawing for each side. It is better to draw on graph paper, it has ready-made guides. To work on the project you will need:
- drawing pencil;
- washing gum.
Better if there are two types of pencils, with hard and soft cores. The first is a sketch, and the second is the outline of the finished drawing of the house. The scheme will help not only in work, but also in the preparation of materials. The master will be able to calculate their number so as not to spend extra money.
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Choosing Tools and Materials
Traditionally, a children's tree house is made from dried and pre-prepared wood. The frame is made of timber with a cross section of at least 5 cm, boards are used for the floor, and the walls can be sheathed with plywood sheets or the same boards. For the roof, plywood is used, on top of which a soft roof is laid, imitating tiles, as in a real fairy-tale house.
Pine board is used as the base material. It is affordable and easy to handle. And with high-quality processing and drying, this type of wood can serve small owners for more than one year.
Metal corners and brackets are used as fasteners, and all elements are fixed with self-tapping screws and bolts with nuts and washers. A do-it-yourself tree house requires a certain set of tools. Craftsman will need:Treehouse design option
- hacksaw or jigsaw;
In the work, the master will also need measuring tools, such as:
- tape measure;
- drawing pencil;
With their help it will be possible to verify the compliance of the building for children with the drawings made in advance.
And for work you will need sandpaper (for cleaning the surface after assembly) and paint brushes in order to prime and paint the finished house on the branches of a tree.
Experienced craftsmen note that before building a house, all elements must be treated with special compounds to protect against parasitic insects, as well as solutions from mold and fungi. It would be useful to use a fireproof coating.
Children tend to play with fire. This step will protect them from burns and fire. Having completed the preparation, you can begin to perform installation work.
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Building a house for kids with your own hands
The step-by-step instructions that we will give below are not the ultimate truth. But its highlights can be used as sample guidelines for how to make a treehouse.
Work begins with the fact that the master prepares all the structural elements in accordance with the drawings. In the process, the simplest work can be entrusted to children. This will not only make them involved in the magic of architecture, but also make them more responsible in relation to the place of their future games.
After that, the main elements are assembled on the ground. Doing this at a height, albeit insignificant, will be very difficult even for an experienced home master.
The next step is attaching the support elements to the trunk. In order for the tree not to suffer, it is not recommended to completely cut the bark. It is also not recommended to make dense structures around the trunk and branches. They will grow over time, which can damage your building.
The floor frame is fixed on the supports. For this, a level and a plumb line are used, with the help of which compliance with the horizon is achieved. Boards are stuffed over the frame, between which it is recommended to leave small (no more than 0.5 cm) gaps. They are needed so that rainwater flows to the ground. If necessary, you can make one or two supports from the floor to the ground, this will give the structure greater stability.Scheme with dimensions for building a children's home on a tree
A frame is placed on the floor for mounting walls and a roof.