How to plant a banana tree in the ground


How to Plant a Banana Tree in the Ground

Your banana tree first needs the ideal planting location. Choose a sunny spot with sandy soil. Then, dig a hole 2–3 times wider than the root ball of the tree before backfilling it with the loosened soil. Plant your tree gently, press the soil around the roots, and provide plenty of water and fertilizer. With these steps, you can easily plant a banana corm or a banana sucker. It’s just as easy if you choose to grow from a banana seed though it will take longer to grow.

Table of Contents

3 Steps to Plant a Banana Tree in the Ground

Any banana variety will need a few ideal conditions for planting. These include an ideal place to grow, the right soil, a hole of the correct depth, and plenty of sun. Some banana cultivars can be prone to leaf scorch (so be sure to protect the leaves with some shade) but most enjoy full sun. Below, we’ll cover each step of getting your banana cultivars safely planted.

Choose the Right Site

Banana fruit trees are tropical plants that need warm climates and an absurd amount of sun. Your tree needs at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. However, most bananas thrive on 12 hours of direct sunlight each day. Choose the sunniest spot in your yard for optimal growth. You’ll also want well-draining, fertile soil preferably—sandy soil is best. It’s important that the soil drains well because excess water leads bananas to develop root rot very quickly.

  • Banana plants need abundant sunshine and rich, well-draining, sandy soil.
  • Be sure to provide adequate space for banana trees so they don’t steal vital nutrients from nearby plants.

Banana trees are heavy feeders that require a ton of nutrients for optimal growth. Heavy feeders are known to steal nutrients from nearby plants. As a result, sufficient planting distances are vital to the health of any plants that may grow near your tree. Keep in mind that banana roots can reach 30 feet (9 meters) in width so scout a location at least 15 feet (4.5 meters) from other plants. However, you can plant banana plants 7-8 feet (2–2. 5 meters) away from each other. A cluster of bananas will support each other and ensure proper humidity better than an individual banana plant.

Dig the Planting Hole

Banana plants need a hole that is at least 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep (30 cm by 30 cm). However, it helps to dig deeper and wider than this, then backfill the hole with loosened dirt. You can take this time to test that the soil is well-draining by filling the hole with warm water. Measure how fast the water drains. A drainage speed of 3–6 inches (7.5–15 cm) of water each hour will be perfect for banana plants. 

  • Banana plants grow best in a hole that is 1 foot deep and 1 foot in diameter (30 cm by 30 cm).
  • Be sure to loosen up more soil below and around the hole then backfill with native soil.
  • Dig the hole 2 feet deep (60 cm) and 2–3 feet wide (60–90 cm), then backfill the hole with loosened dirt until it is 1 foot by 1 foot.

Once the hole is re-filled, place the banana seed, banana corm, or banana sucker in the center of the hole and fill it with native soil. If planting a corm or sucker, make sure that the soil does not cover the green shoots.

Post-Planting Tree Care

As mentioned earlier, banana trees are heavy feeders. This means their nourishment needs are intense and they will need regular fertilizing. Use this banana fertilizer to give your banana plants the nourishment they need. Water the fertilizer into the ground or use liquid fertilizer.

  • Fertilize your tree with a formula designed specifically for bananas. 
  • Water the fertilizer into the ground after application.
  • Banana cultivars need organic mulch to help retain soil moisture.

After planting, mulch the tree using organic matter, such as shredded leaves. A layer of mulch helps the soil to retain moisture, which will protect against root rot. Bananas prefer soil that is slightly moist from humid conditions. Mulching will provide the ideal environment as long as you avoid overwatering. Fungal infections can set in quickly if banana plants receive too much water.

How Deep Should a Banana Tree Be Planted?

Banana cultivars should be planted at least 1 foot (30 cm) deep in the soil. This is true of all banana varieties, including the Japanese banana tree and ornamental bananas. Banana plant roots naturally grow deep and wide as long as the soil isn’t hard and compacted. So, you don’t need to plant deep for good rooting.

  • Plant your banana plants so the roots are 1 foot (30 cm) deep.
  • Digging and backfilling the surrounding soil before planting encourages healthy banana root growth.
  • Banana roots can become invasive so plant a good distance from buildings.

Take care to protect the surrounding area from your plant roots. Banana roots can become invasive due to their wide reach. Banana plants should be kept away from buildings and vital structures. 

What is the Best Soil for a Banana Tree?

Sandy, well-draining soil works best for banana cultivars. The best planting material tends to mix a few soil types together. If you are starting bananas in pots, add peat, perlite, and vermiculite to the soil mix. These ingredients will be especially beneficial to your banana plant.

  • Bananas grow best in sandy, well-draining soils with plenty of nutrients.
  • Potted soil mixes that contain peat, perlite, and vermiculite are great for starting bananas.

You may also want to consider soil that has been mixed for succulents or palm trees. These mixes tend to contain the same soil types your banana plant needs. Use this cactus and succulent mix to provide fertile soil for your banana plant.

8 Quarts xGarden Cactus and Succulent Soil Mix

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How Do You Plant a Banana Tree in the Ground?

It’s best to plant banana plants in highly permeable soil that is high in nutrients and far away from buildings and other plants. Planting is easy once you’ve determined the correct location. Just follow these tips:

  • Find the best planting site (make sure it provides plenty of sunlight and soil nutrients while also being a good distance from other plants and buildings).
  • Plant your banana seed, corm, or sucker in a 1 foot by 1 foot hole (30 cm by 30 cm).
  • Fertilize your planted bananas and water the fertilizer into the ground.
  • Add a layer of mulch to protect banana roots and prevent them from drying out.
  • Avoid overwatering, which can fungal diseases for your banana plant.

By digging a large hole, then backfilling it to the 1 foot by 1-foot size, you ensure there is plenty of loose, well-draining soil for your banana plant to send roots into. In a short time, your banana plant will have adjusted to its new location and begun growing vigorously.

How to Plant a Banana Tree in 5 Easy Steps

Learning how to plant a banana tree in your backyard means you can have access to delicious fruit without ever making a trip to the grocery store. But, did you know that a banana tree isn’t technically a tree? They’re actually just giant herbaceous plants because they don’t have a trunk or woody stem. Their stalks are made of layers of banana tree leaves. That means there are some special steps to take when you plant a banana tree, and I’ll go over all of them.

Keep reading to learn all about how to plant a banana tree in your yard!

Things to Consider Before Planting Bananas

While the idea of learning how to plant a banana tree having a banana plant is exciting, it’s important to consider how a banana plant will fare in your specific yard.

Firstly, banana plants can get huge! There are dozens of varieties of banana plants, and not all of them grow the same. Some varieties can reach up to 25 feet in height.

Just the leaves of the plant themselves can grow nine feet long. If you don’t want a banana tree that large, look for varieties such as the Grand Nain Banana Tree, which stays around eight and 10 feet tall.

Next, not only does the plant appear huge above ground, but the roots also spread out vigorously within the soil. The root mass of a banana tree can burrow down as deep as five feet, and it can spread anywhere from 10 to 30 feet horizontally.

This is important to know if you want to plant more than one banana tree. Make sure your yard has enough space to allow the roots to spread without hindrance.

What You’ll Need to Plant a Banana Tree

Before I go over the steps to plant a banana tree, let’s go over what you’ll need:

  • A young banana tree
  • Planting soil
  • Compost
  • Mulch
  • 10-10-10 fertilizer
  • Pruning knife or shears
  • Shovel
  • Access to water

How to Plant a Banana Tree

1 Choose a Growing Site

A key factor in your success regarding how to plant a banana tree is where it is planted. The growing spot should be in full to partial sun, as banana trees require at least six to eight hours of sunlight per day. The less sunlight, the smaller yield of fruit the tree will produce.

Banana trees love water, but not too much. To avoid the banana plant rotting, choose an area that has good drainage and won’t sit in water.

Banana trees also love humidity. If your climate tends to lean toward hot, humid summers, your banana trees will thrive happily because they are actually tropical plants.

2 Source a Banana Tree

Once you’ve settled on a proper growing site, it’s time to find your banana tree! Do your research to see what variety will thrive in your growing zone. Banana trees are widely sold online, where you can be selective about the variety you want. You can buy a Grand Nain Banana online.

If you prefer to buy locally, you can find potted banana trees at some plant nurseries and garden centers. Banana trees grow in clumps, so you could also find a banana owner near you who is willing to divide their banana tree. If you don’t know anyone, search for online gardening groups that are specific to your area. This is a great, cost-friendly way to get a banana tree.

3 Trim the Banana Tree

Once you have your banana tree, you’ll need to prune away the old leaves if that hasn’t already been done. Banana trees need to be pruned and planted in early springtime. If you prune after spring, you’ll risk removing new growth that will produce fruit in the upcoming year.

Using a knife or pruning shears, remove any leaves toward the bottom of the tree. Leave three or four healthy leaves at the top of the tree. Depending on the maturity of the banana tree you purchased, it may not have three or four good leaves, which is fine. Just make sure to leave the healthiest leaves, and remove any excess leaves near the roots.

4 Plant the Banana Tree

Once you’ve received and prepared your banana tree, the next step in learning how to plant a banana tree is to plant it! It’s best to plant a banana tree on a dry day in early springtime. This will help you dig the hole much easier.

Your hole will need to measure approximately 1. 5 feet deep by 1.5 feet wide. This may seem large for a small banana plant, but it will allow the roots to spread easily in its first year of growth.

To help the growth of the roots, you can also use your shovel to loosen the bottom and sides of the hole. This is especially helpful if you have heavy, compacted soil.

Remove the banana tree from the pot. Before you figure out how to plant a banana tree in the hole, you’ll need to break up the roots. Nursery plants often become rootbound once they’ve outgrown their container and are ready to be planted. The roots will form a ball, tangling together.

Breaking up the roots before you plant a banana tree will encourage them to spread out in the soil, promoting the banana tree’s growth. The healthier the growth, the better the harvest!

Instead of backfilling the hole with the original soil, you are going to make your own nutrient-rich soil to surround the banana plant. Place the banana plant in the center of the hole. If you don’t have anyone to hold it for you, you can temporarily stake the plant as you fill the hole.

Start with a layer of planting or garden soil. This is different than potting soil, as it is made to be mixed into soil that already exists in your garden. Next, layer in composted manure or other organic compost.

After you add compost, you can spread a layer of fertilizer before completely filling the hole. If you do this, opt for a 10-10-10 NPK ratio, which will work well for planting banana trees.

Fill the rest of the hole, alternating between garden soil and compost. This will create rich soil that feeds the tree. It will also drain well, which banana trees love. Make sure to firm the soil with your foot to remove any air pockets surrounding the roots. You can remove the stake once the soil is firm.

After you’ve finished filling the hole, you can spread a layer of mulch over the soil about one inch thick. This will create a barrier to preserve the soil’s moisture. Mature banana trees can handle drying out occasionally, but the more water your tree has, the better it grows and produces fruit.

When you put the mulch around the tree, leave a few inches bare around the base of the tree to let it breathe. Piling mulch against the tree could raise the risk of the tree rotting or getting a disease.

5 Water the Banana Tree

The last step in planting banana trees is to water the banana tree thoroughly. It’s a good idea to water it every day for the first year. After the banana tree has been established for more than a year, you can reduce watering to every two or three days, or when the top inch of soil is dry.

Most of the time, it’s better to overwater a banana plant than underwater it, especially during hot, dry spells.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How long after planting banana trees will I have bananas?

After planting banana trees in the springtime, you will usually see fruit within a few months. It can take between three to six months, depending on the variety, before you have mature bananas that are ready to eat. Dwarf varieties usually only take 70 to 100 days to mature, but larger varieties can take double that amount of time.

2. What zones are banana trees hardy in?

Banana trees love hot and humid weather, so naturally, they are hardy in zones nine and 10. You will find this is mostly the case for all varieties, but they can be grown indoors or in a greenhouse in colder climates. Varieties like Musa Basjoo are hardy in zones five through 11, which may be a good option if you want to learn how to plant a banana tree and live in a northern state.

3. How far apart do banana trees need to be spaced?

If you are planting banana trees in groups, allow 10 to 12 feet of space between each plant. Banana tree roots are vigorous growers, and each plant will need enough room to spread.

4. How to plant a banana tree in a pot?

If you know how to plant a banana tree in the ground, you can also learn how to plant a banana tree in a container! Banana trees are able to grow in large containers. Make sure to choose a smaller variety of banana tree that will not need as much space for roots to spread. Good smaller varieties include Dwarf Cavendish, Dwarf Red, and Williams Hybrid.

Pick out a container that is at least 18 to 20 inches in diameter. Opt for a concrete or resin container that has a drainage hole in the bottom. Avoid dark pots that will heat up in the sun and dry out the roots.

Plant the banana tree in a well-draining soil mixture that is rich in nutrients. You will need to be extra attentive to banana trees in containers because the roots will dry out quicker than trees in the ground. Water them thoroughly every day, and your banana tree will flourish!

Wrapping Up How to Plant a Banana Tree

Are you ready to plant a banana tree? As long as you create good soil for your tree and plant it in a sunny and humid location, your banana tree will thrive. Before you know it, you’ll be enjoying homegrown bananas from your own backyard. Talk about a conversation starter with your neighbors! Next, learn other tips and tricks on growing a banana tree.

how to grow a banana at home from a purchased banana and seeds + photo

The opportunity to have an exotic plant in your home always attracts lovers. The article will discuss how to grow a banana at home (room) conditions from the seeds of a purchased fruit. Videos and photos will help to better understand everything.

Contents

  • Banana plant. Varieties for growing in a room
  • How to get seeds from a commercial banana and germinate them
  • How to plant a germinated plant and take care of it
  • Growing a banana at home: video

Banana plant. Varieties for growing in a room

General appearance and biological features of the plant:

  • The height of a banana tree in the tropics reaches 10-12 m. For growing at home, there are dwarf varieties that grow no more than 2 m. 5-2 m, width 30-50 cm.
  • Their bases are very close to each other, thus forming a plant stem (pseudo-stem).
  • The actual stem (rhizome) is underground. It has a spherical shape and simultaneously performs the functions of a rhizome.
  • The inflorescence emerges from the middle of the pseudostem, which dies off after fruiting.

Attention! The banana tree is not a tree at all. This is a herbaceous perennial plant.

The life of the rhizome of each banana tree is about 40 years. In places of drying pseudo-stems, new ones grow. On an industrial scale, bananas are propagated by dividing the rhizome, that is, basal shoots are planted. So all varietal qualities are completely preserved. Plants grown from seeds are used for ornamental purposes. Their fruits, most often, are unsuitable for human consumption.

Banana tree

At home, amateurs grow banana varieties with very tasty fruits, as well as trees that serve as interior decoration. The average height of such plants is 2-2.5 m, and of some dwarf varieties 1-1.5 m. The former include:

  • Pointy banana;
  • dwarf Cavendish banana;
  • banana Cavendish superdwarf;
  • Kyiv dwarf;
  • Kyiv superdwarf.

Attention! You can get banana fruits in a room only with appropriate care.

Ornamental varieties:

  • Velvety banana;
  • Lavender banana;
  • Chinese dwarf;
  • Banana bright red.

These varieties bloom very beautifully and may produce small, inedible fruits.

How to get seeds from a store-bought banana and germinate them

To get seeds from a store-bought banana, you will need to follow these steps:

  • A yellow-skinned banana is placed in a plastic bag until it darkens completely.
  • Peel the flesh from the skin and cut it lengthwise to the level of the core.
    With a sharp object, remove the seeds from the pulp and lay them out one by one on a paper napkin.

Attention! Only rounded seeds are suitable for planting. Flat copies should be selected and discarded.

  • Wash the seeds well to separate them from the pulp.
  • The resulting material is poured with warm water and left for 2-3 days.
  • Wash well again and dry.
Take seeds from fruits with dark skins

The seeds are then germinated, which requires an inert substrate. Suitable sphagnum or coconut, which can be purchased at specialty stores. The substrate must be steam sterilized. After cooling, they are mixed with perlite and watered with a solution of potassium permanganate.

If a vegetable fiber substrate is not available, a mixture of coarse sand and peat (3:1) can be used. Sprouting banana seeds in this way:

  • Cover the bottom of the container with drainage material. A layer of substrate 5-6 cm thick is placed on top.
  • The seeds are pressed into the substrate and watered well.

Attention! The shell of banana seeds is very dense, therefore, before germination, its integrity should be violated. This can be done by rubbing between sheets of sandpaper, scratching the shell with a needle, or shallow cuts with a nail file. The main thing is not to overdo it and not damage the core.

  • A polyethylene greenhouse is arranged to preserve moisture.
  • During the day the temperature is maintained within +27..+33°C, and at night +20..+25°C.

Seeds germinate for a long time - from 2 to 3 months. To eliminate mold that may appear during this time, it is enough to treat the substrate with potassium permanganate.

Planting a banana

How to plant a germinated plant and take care of it

To grow a banana plant, take the top layer (5-7 cm) of soil from under hazel, birch, linden and acacia. Sand, humus and ash are added to the earth collected in this way in a ratio of 10: 2: 1: 0.5, respectively. The whole composition is mixed and calcined in the oven. The bottom of the pot is lined with drainage material. Moistened sand is poured over it, and only then prepared soil.

So that the pot does not adjoin closely to the pallet, you can put several small stones or a grate between them. This technique will allow air to freely penetrate to the roots.

Sprouted seed is buried in the soil no more than 2 cm, sprinkled and well watered. After the banana grows up and the roots "take over" the entire space of the pot, it is transferred to a larger container.

Banana care in the room consists of the following activities:

Water the banana when the soil dries out.
  1. Loosen the soil regularly.
  2. Watering. It should be carried out infrequently, but plentifully. An indicator is the drying of the upper (1-2 cm) layer of soil in a pot.
  3. Spraying. In winter, this is done once a week, and in summer every day.
  4. Temperature control. Acceptable temperature for a banana is +25..+30°C. At +15°C, the growth and development of the plant is greatly slowed down.
  5. Lighting. Only the southern and eastern sides in dwellings are suitable for a banana. In winter, you need to provide additional lighting.
  6. Feeding. Fertilizer should be applied regularly. Suitable biohumus, infusion of herbs.

Growing a banana from seed is a tricky business. But after all the efforts, it will be possible to enjoy yourself and surprise your friends with a beautiful exotic plant, which, perhaps, will become the main decoration of your home.

Growing a banana at home: video

how to plant and grow at home

Banana tree from the family of the same name is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in tropical or subtropical climates. In temperate latitudes, the culture, also known as paw paw or pow pow, can often be found on window sills in pots, especially in the apartments of exotic lovers.

Material content:

  • 1 Banana tree - varieties for the home
  • 2 Features of home cultivation
  • 3 Obtaining and germinating seeds from a purchased banana
  • 4 Recommendations for planting seeds of pawberry triloba
  • 9008
  • permanent planting 5 5.1 Pot selection
  • 5.2 Soil requirements
  • 6 Indoor banana tree care
    • 6.1 Temperature, lighting and location
    • 6.2 Watering and air humidity
    • 6.3 Fertilization and fertilizer
    • 6. 4 Cutting banana wood
    • 6.5 Comfortable conditions in the winter
    • 6.6 Transplant
  • 7 Controls and pests
  • 9000 8 Flowering and fruit
  • 9 Plant propagation
    • 9.1 Side suckers
  • 10 Potential growing difficulties
    • 10.1 Yellowing of leaf blades
    • 10.2 Drying of the tips of the leaves
  • Banana tree - varieties for the home

    In the wild, the genus includes about several dozen species. Ornamental and fruit bananas are grown at home, while there are two more groups - fodder and technical.

    Among the fruit cultivars most of which have been developed by American breeders, stand out:
    • "Davis" is a variety with high quality fruits with yellow, sweet flesh.
    • "Martin" is a cold-resistant variety.
    • "Sochinskaya 11" - tall plants of the domestic variety can form tasty fruits of early ripening, weighing up to 350 g.

    Representatives of tropical flora with high decorative qualities and inedible fruits are often used in interior gardening.

    To achieve the best result, phytodesigners choose varieties such as:
    • Velvet banana. Spectacular undersized plant, distinguished by beautiful flowers, painted in bright yellow, with scarlet bracts. The name of the culture is due to the velvety surface of the fruit.
    • Banana lavender. Lavender, orange or pink flowers, set off by bright green foliage, are distinguished by high decorative qualities.
    • Banana bright red. A variety with contrasting scarlet inflorescences that captivate the eye.

    Features of home cultivation

    When cultivating a banana tree as a pot crop, its botanical features must be taken into account:
    • Height. In an apartment environment, the average plant height is 2.5 m, and the dwarf banana tree does not grow above one and a half meters.
    • Sheet plates. The length of the leaves, forming a pseudo-stem due to the dense attachment of their bases, reaches 2 m.
    • Stem. The vegetative organ is located underground, performing the functions of a rhizome.
    • Inflorescences. They are formed on peduncles developing from the center of a pseudostem that dies off after fruit ripening.

    Obtaining and sprouting seeds from a purchased banana

    Banana tree seeds can be obtained from a fruit purchased at a grocery store.


    Watch this video on YouTube

    To do this:
    1. A ripe banana is placed in a bag for a while.
    2. When the peel is completely dark, the banana is peeled and cut lengthwise with a sharp and disinfected instrument.
    3. Rounded seeds are removed from the core of the fruit and laid out one by one on paper.
    4. The seed is washed, then filled with warm water and left for 3 days.
    5. After extraction, the seeds are washed again and thoroughly dried.

    When the grower receives ready-made seeds, you can begin to germinate them, which will allow you to get seedlings of an exotic plant much earlier.

    The seed is germinated as follows:
    1. A substrate is prepared from sand and peat in a ratio of 3:1.
    2. Drainage material is placed at the bottom of the box.
    3. Drainage is topped with a 6 cm layer of substrate.
    4. Seeds with pre-scratched shells are pressed into the ground.
    5. After watering, the container is covered with a film to create greenhouse conditions with high temperature and humidity.
    6. Seeds should hatch after 3 days.

    Recommendations for planting seeds of pawpaw triloba

    You can also buy seeds at a flower shop, especially for ornamental plants.

    But regardless of the method of obtaining it, there are a number of general recommendations that should be followed when sowing already hatched seeds:
    1. Small diameter pots are used.
    2. A drainage layer is placed on the bottom of each container, which is sprinkled with a layer of wet sand.
    3. Next, a soil mixture calcined in an oven is poured from birch soil, sand, humus and ash in a ratio of 10:2:1:0. 5.
    4. Germinated seeds are buried 2 cm, after which the soil is moistened.

    Permanent planting

    Once the exotic perennials have matured, they should be planted in mature pots.

    Choosing a pot

    Due to the intensive growth of the herbaceous plant and the peculiarities of its structure, a capacious pot with good drainage is selected for the representative of the tropics, which does not allow water to stagnate in the roots and prevents the development of a fungal disease.

    Soil requirement

    The banana tree grows well in fertile, loose soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. With self-preparation, the soil mixture is made up of soddy, humus and leafy soil, as well as sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1.

    Indoor banana tree care

    In order for the plant not only to please the grower with beautiful greenery and flowers, but also to bear fruit every year, it is necessary to carry out regular complex care.

    Temperature, lighting and location

    Light-loving culture needs plenty of light and long daylight hours.

    When placing it in an apartment, preference should be given to southern windows, since the banana tree is not afraid of the open sun. In the autumn-winter period of time, when the nights become longer, the culture is additionally illuminated with the help of fluorescent lamps.

    A thermophilic plant will be able to realize its potential at temperatures between 24 and 30°C.

    Important! The maximum permissible value below which the temperature must not fall is 16°C.

    Watering and air humidity

    A low level of humidity is detrimental to the plant, which is manifested by the loss of gloss of the leaves, which subsequently dry out. To maintain an optimal level of humidity, the banana tree is sprayed daily or set on a pallet of wet pebbles. Additional measures to preserve the decorative effect are the systematic wiping of the sheet plates with a damp sponge and the organization of a warm shower.

    Abundant watering, in which the earth ball should always be in a slightly moistened state, is an integral part of comprehensive care, which makes it possible to grow a healthy plant. With the advent of the autumn season, the amount of moisture gradually decreases.

    Attention! For irrigation use only warm, soft water without chlorine.

    Top dressing and fertilizer

    House banana tree is fed twice a month during intensive growth. For top dressing, liquid mineral fertilizers with a high concentration of phosphorus and potassium in the composition are used. Also, the fertility of the substrate can be maintained by applying organic fertilizers.

    Banana pruning

    Tropical crop does not need pruning, forming a lush crown on its own.

    Comfortable conditions in winter

    In winter, the banana stops active vegetation and moves to a cooler place, away from heating appliances. During this period, watering is reduced, fertilizing is not carried out, and the humidity level is maintained only with the help of wet pebbles in the pan.

    Transplant

    Every spring, a transplant is carried out, in which:
    • A more capacious pot is selected, the space of which will be enough for a rapidly developing root system throughout the year.
    • A drainage layer is placed on the bottom.
    • From above, the drainage is sprinkled with a nutritious, loose substrate.
    • The banana tree is rolled over and covered with soil.
    • The root collar is slightly buried in the substrate.

    Disease and pest control

    If the correct watering regimen is observed, the exotic plant does not suffer from diseases. However, with excess moisture and its stagnation in the roots, the development of gray rot is possible, which can be stopped by the timely removal of the affected parts of the root system and its transplantation into a fresh substrate.

    Banana tree pests can be inhabited by spider mites, thrips, scale insects, mealybugs and aphids, which should be controlled with an insecticidal solution.

    As a preventive protective measure, maintain the required level of air humidity and give the plant a warm shower.

    Flowering and fruiting of the banana tree

    After the banana has developed enough, when 18 full-fledged leaf blades are formed on it, a flowering phase is observed, lasting from 3 to 12 months. This period is characterized by the development of a racemose inflorescence, gradually descending. The fruits formed in place of the flowers ripen in tiers - from top to bottom.

    Propagation of the plant

    At home, the propagation of the culture is carried out in two ways - by seeds and lateral offspring (kids). The seed method described above is more labor intensive and time consuming. Therefore, if the grower already has an adult specimen, then preference should be given to the vegetative breeding method.

    Lateral offspring

    In early spring, during transplantation, the following actions are carried out:
  • The cut is sprinkled with crushed wood or activated charcoal.
  • The baby is buried in a small container with a drainage layer and a substrate of peat and sand in equal parts.
  • Potential Growing Difficulties

    Growing a banana tree in an apartment environment can be accompanied by the following difficulties:

    Yellowing of leaf blades

    If bright greens start to turn yellow, there may be several reasons:
    • The lack of light, which the banana tree needs in large quantities. Moreover, even direct sunlight does not harm an exotic plant.
    • Excess moisture and the beginning of the development of gray rot.
    • Hypothermia when the mercury column has dropped below 16°C.
    • Infestation of shoots by sucking insects that feed on leaf sap.

    Drying of the tips of the leaves

    The occurrence of the problem is associated with soil and air drought, which will help to cope with: