How to plant a calamansi tree
How to Grow Calamansi | Home Guides
By Melissa King Updated December 27, 2018
Calamansi, a citrus fruit tree also known as Citrfortunella microcarpa or calamondin, grows natively in the Phillipines. Calamansi trees bear small, orange-like fruits, dark green foliage and white flowers.The calamansi tree grows up to about 25 feet tall at maturity, and it is hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture zone 9 and above. Like most other citrus trees, calamansi grows readily from seed. This is a reliable propagation method if you cannot find calamansi saplings or cuttings at a plant nursery.
Calamansi Germination and Seedling Care
Fill a small container with a mixture of 1/2 peat moss and 1/2 sand or perlite.
Sow the calamansi seeds in early spring, about 1/2 inch deep in the container. Sow several seeds in the container, depending on its size, to increase the success rate. Space the seeds about 3 inches apart.
Water the seeds until the soil feels moist, but not soaking wet. Stop watering if water drips from the drainage holes. Cover the container with plastic wrap for moisture retention. Water again whenever the soil feels dry.
Keep the calamansi seeds at 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Germination occurs within three to six weeks. At that time, take off the plastic wrap.
Put the calamansi seedlings in bright, but indirect, sunlight. Allow them to grow a few sets of leaves. Continue watering whenever the soil feels dry.
Fill 4- to 6-inch containers with sterile potting soil. Plant the calamansi seedlings individually in the containers.
Apply diluted potassium fertilizer to the seedlings once every two to four weeks. Mix 2 ounces of potassium fertilizer with 1 quart of water per acre of trees for a foliage spray. Spray the tops and bottoms of all the tree's leaves. For a soil application, dilute 8 ounces of fertilizer in 4 quarts of water per acre of trees.
Taper off and stop fertilizing as winter arrives or when the tree goes dormant. The tree is dormant when it stops putting out new growth, or when growth slows considerably.
Give the calamansi seedlings four hours of direct sunlight per day. The seedlings need temperatures between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit to thrive.
Planting Calamansi Outdoors
Choose an outdoor site for the calamansi trees when you are ready to plant them in the yard or garden. Calamansi tolerates most soils but will not grow well in heavy clay or light sand. Ideal soil pH ranges from 5.5 to 6.5. Select a site with good drainage and full to part sun.
Mix compost or other organic material into the soil, if desired. Apply 3 to 4 inches of compost and mix it into the top 6 inches of soil.
Dig a hole about 16 inches deep and 16 inches wide. If planting multiple calamansi trees, space the holes approximately 16 1/2 feet apart.
Plant the calamansi tree in the hole. Fill the hole with soil and tamp it down firmly around the tree with a shovel or your hands.
Water the calamansi until the soil feels damp. Young trees usually need about 1 inch of water per week. Continue watering whenever the soil feels dry until the calamansi establishes itself, usually within three to five years.
Fertilize every four months with about 2 to 3 1/2 ounces of 16-20-0 fertilizer mixed with urea. When the calamansi tree is two years old, increase the amount to about 7 to 10 1/2 ounces every four months.
Mulch the calamansi tree with a 4-inch layer of dry leaves, wood chips or other organic material. Spread mulch as far out as the tree's canopy, also called the drip line. Leave a 1- to 2-inch gap between the mulch and the calamansi tree trunk. This conserves moisture and deters weeds.
Watch for aphids, citrus bark borers or signs of pest damage. If you see pests or damage caused by them, applying a commercial pesticide usually gets rid of the problem. Signs of pests include eggs on the bottoms of leaves and in bark cavities, unexplained cuts or markings and stunted growth. You might need to apply the pesticide several times, usually every few weeks, to eliminate pests. Cutting off infested branches or introducing predatory insects into the yard might also help.
Apply a commercial fungicide if you notice signs of a fungal disease. Signs include a gum-like substance oozing from branches, as well as distorted, crinkled leaves. Proper application of the fungicide depends on the type of fungus. For instance, treat citrus canker when the tree is dormant, but treat citrus scab during the tree's blooming season.
Harvest calamansi fruit by cutting it from the tree with scissors. Leave a piece of the stem attached to the fruit to help it stay fresh.
Things You Will Need
Perlite or sand
4- to 6-inch container
16-20-0 fertilizer, with urea
If your area is too cold for an outdoor calamansi tree, grow one in a container as a houseplant.
Check with an extension office if you suspect your tree is diseased but can't identify a particular pest or fungus.
- Department of Agriculture: Calamansi
Melissa King began writing in 2001. She spent three years writing for her local newspaper, "The Colt," writing editorials, news stories, product reviews and entertainment pieces. She is also the owner and operator of Howbert Freelance Writing. King holds an Associate of Arts in communications from Tarrant County College.
Calamansi Tree - Healthier Steps
Calamansi tree usually grows in South East Asia. It not only has a nice smell but also a beautiful appearance. It’s growth requirements include a warm tropical and subtropical climate.
Calamansi has different uses, but apart from health and personal benefits, it can also add to the beauty of your home. Since it is not commonly available worldwide, here is a little guide as per how you can grow it in your home:
Does The Soil Need Any Preparations?
Calamansi trees grow best in soil that does not absorb moisture and remain dry. For calamansi, you need soil that drains well, regardless of where you are growing. Hence, you must select soil and space with good drainage and sunlight. Moreover, if you grow calamansi in a small space, you need to have a good 18 inches of width and 24 inches of depth and if you are growing in a bigger space, you need to have a good 16 inches width and depth.
How Are The Seeds Sowed?
Just like an orange or lime, calamansi has tiny seeds. The trick is to get the seeds out of a calamansi fruit and pick the small ones. For small spaces, poke holes into the soil using your finger or wooden spoons and plant the seeds in the holes. Whereas in a bigger space, dig a relatively deeper hole of about 30-50 cms wide and deep and fill it with seeds and soil.
What Are The Watering Needs Of A Calamansi Tree?
Calamansi requires tropical or subtropical weather to grow in, and the more moist the soil is the better will be the calamansi trees. So the trick here is that if you want your calamansi trees to have better and beautiful flowers you need to keep them under the heat of the sun. The watering needs of calamansi require the soil to be damp. The best way to keep the soil damp is to water the soil when it gets dry.
What Amount Of Heat From Sunlight Does Calamansi Need?
Calamansi grows best when exposed to the stress of heat from the sun. Hence a good 6 hours of sunlight on a regular basis can help the calamansi tree to grow better with a good amount of fruits. Sunlight improves the productivity of the tree
What Are The Fertilization Needs Of Calamansi?
For a calamansi tree, fertilization is one very important aspect. The best-suited fertilizer is nitrogenous fertilizers. It needs to be fertilized after an interval of a couple of months during the growing process. Since it takes about three to five years to mature, you need to fertilize every four months with the fertilizer. Initially start off with 2 to 3 ounces and gradually increase up to 7 to 10 on a yearly growth basis.
Moreover, you will also need to cultivate it with dry leaves or other organic matter to save moisture in the soil.
Do Calamansi Trees Attract Pests Or Insects?
Like any other trees, calamansi too attract pests and insects therefore close monitoring is what you might need.
How Are Calamansi Trees Harvested?
As mentioned earlier, a calamansi tree takes up to three to five years to mature. The fruits start appearing in the first two to three years. At this stage, they are of green color like that of a lime. Depending upon your liking, you can harvest them young or wait till they are fully ripe and get a nice yellow-orange. The trick is to use scissors to cut them and leave a piece of stem attached to let the fruit stay fresh.Calamansi Fruit
The calamansi tree produces a lime-like orange-taste citrus-tropical fruit which is used to flavor fruit, drink and decorate spaces. The appearance and aroma of calamansi make it look like a tropical sweet kind of fruit, but in reality, the taste of calamansi is really tart.
Calamansi fruit is used to make tropical juices like lemonade, but it could be called a calamoande! Calamnsi is packed with different nutrients like vitamin C and an immunity booster.
It is common for a good kickstart to a day as a soothing substance for the stomach. It is also commonly known for increasing metabolic rate and hence promoting weight loss as it has the ability to eliminate unhealthy fats of the body. Calamansi also helps in controlling cholesterol levels and lessen acidity due to its high acidic content.
How Is Calamnasi Fruit Eaten?
The inside of a calamansi fruit is tart and citrusy. So the idea of eating a calamansi can be acceptable if you eat it along with the peels. The skin of a calamansi fruit is sweet and hence it balances and evens out the tartness of a calamansi fruit.
Calamansi is a citrus fruit and can be used in place of lemon or lime when needed. Although people who used calamansi in their dishes claimed that the taste calamansi adds to their dishes is nothing compared to what lemon or lime does(in a good way).
Are calamansi And Lemon The Same?
If you look at the two fruits, you will not see much difference except for the color. They both belong to the citrus family but lemon is usually bigger in size. The number of seeds in lemon is more than that of a calamansi. Likewise, the flowers of a lemon tree are bigger than that of a calamansi.Conclusion
Calamansi is said to have a better taste than other citrus fruits. It’s time to say hello to calamansi as your new favorite tropical fruit. The day when the menu card will have calamode is not far away. It not only has health benefits but can also be used in different areas of our daily lives(even as a skincare routine). So what’s the wait for? Grab your calamansi trees now!
Other Amazing Tropical Fruits
- Tuna Fruit
- Florida Pomelo
- Loquat Fruit
- Ground Cherries
- Key Lime
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Room calamondin is the most prolific among citrus fruits. Care at home. Photo — Botanichka
Citrus fruits have always occupied a special niche among indoor plants. Fragrant, with luxurious flowering, special leathery leaves and long-awaited fruits, they have not in vain become enduring and timeless classics. Unfortunately, not all citrus fruits can boast of abundant fruiting and compactness at the same time. Calamondin is a hybrid with a strikingly dense and neat crown, literally strewn with miniature fruits. Of course, he also needs special conditions and care. But still, success with calamondins is much easier to achieve than with its competitors.Indoor calamondin is the most prolific among citrus fruits
Small leaves, small fruits, compact size with dense branching - calamondin is ideal for window sills. In our country, it is little known under its botanical name citrofortunella (× Citrofortunella microcarpa , trade name - calamansi ). This visitor from Southeast Asia is a hybrid of a tangerine tree with a kumquat, and it looks like them in many ways.
Calamondins are compact citrus fruits, even in nature not exceeding 5 m. Today they can be found both in the form of bonsai and in hanging planters, and not just shaped like bushes or trees. Indoor calamondins do not exceed 2 m even without formation, and even then at a very respectable age. And at the same time they grow very quickly, they begin to bear fruit early - as soon as they grow by 25 cm.
The leaves of calamondin are fragrant, smaller than those of mandarin or kumquat, oval with a slightly pointed tip. The shade of dark green is lighter than the foliage of other citrus fruits and appears warmer, herbaceous. Shine emphasizes the density of the leathery leaf blade. Calamondin also has varieties with variegated leaves.
Calamondin is valued, first of all, for the abundance of both flowering and fruiting. Starting in late spring, calamondins can continue to produce new flowers throughout the summer, at the same time as the fruit ripens. While flowering can take several months, fruiting usually lasts 6 to 9 months. The fruits stay on the branches for a very long time.
White, fragrant, very graceful small flowers bloom in small bunches up to 4 pieces or singly. Calamondin needs artificial pollination with a soft brush.
Calamondin fruits are round, not larger than a walnut. They are repainted slowly, in stripes, from dark green to yellow-orange. The peel is thin and sweetish, fragrant, as is the bitter-sour pulp. Calamondin surprises with a large number of seeds inside the fruit.Citrofortunella (× Citrofortunella microcarpa, trade name calamansi). © dynastyplantshop
Growing conditions for indoor calamondin
This hybrid is hygrophilous and sun-loving; Calamondin only grows well under controlled lighting conditions, although it is generally less demanding of light than other citrus fruits.
Lighting and placement
Calamondin does not tolerate direct sun. For this citrus, it is better to find the brightest possible lighting from among the soft, diffused modes.
Window sills remain the ideal place for calamondin, as well as for other citrus fruits. The choice of east and west windows is the most reliable option, and a south orientation with a protective screen is also suitable. On the north side, Calamondin will be uncomfortable even in summer. The optimal length of daylight hours is from 12 to 16 hours.
Calamondin can shed its leaves when moved abruptly, therefore, when moving or hygienic procedures, it is worth keeping its position in relation to the light source. In order for the crown to develop evenly, and not one-sidedly, the plant is regularly rotated, but only by a few degrees - so that the crown makes a complete revolution in a year. It is convenient to put marks on the pot to track displacement.
Read also our article Homemade tangerine from the stone: from A to Z.
Temperature control and ventilation
The main advantage (and the secret of the popularity of calamondin) is the ability to bear fruit even with a relatively warm winter. Although the ideal temperature for this citrus at the dormant stage, from October to March, remains the temperature range from 12 to 15 degrees, even wintering in warmth from 16 to 18 degrees calamondin endures quite well, laying flower buds. The main thing is that the temperature does not rise above 18 degrees in winter and the lighting and care of the plant are significantly adjusted.
Calamondin will prefer stable temperatures without extreme heat during its active growth period. In heat from 20 to 25 degrees, the bushes grow and bloom well. Any sudden changes affect the plant, so it is better to monitor drafts and daily fluctuations more strictly.
In summer, Calamondin can be taken out into the fresh air, placed in a sheltered, semi-shaded place and taking measures to protect it from overheating.Window sills remain the ideal place for calamondin, as well as other citrus fruits
Care of calamondin at home
The most difficult moment in growing calamondin is related to its moisture-loving nature. Poorly enduring extremes with watering, calamondin requires regular care and reacts very sharply to mistakes.
Watering and air humidity
Calamondin loves abundant watering during the period of active growth. But it is dangerous to overdo it with them even in the middle of summer, because even a little dampness leads to rotting of the roots. To exclude waterlogging, it is worth fulfilling only two conditions:
- empty the water trays immediately or after 5 minutes at the latest;
- check how the soil dries out between waterings (ideally 3-5 cm from above).
But drought should also be avoided: complete drying of the substrate leads to yellowing and leaf fall. The water should be soft and lukewarm.
For the dormant period, watering is reduced, focusing on conditions and reducing humidity by about half.
This citrus fruit develops normally and blooms only at a humidity of about 70%, it suffers in a dry environment, especially in hot weather. Spraying the leaves is the most preferred way to increase the humidity of the air, but if these figures in the room deviate greatly from the average, you will have to resort to other measures - installing a humidifier or a tray with wet expanded clay. The water should be soft, a few degrees warmer than the substrate.
Top dressing and fertilizer composition
Calamondins need additional top dressing only during the period of active growth. The plant is very sensitive to iron deficiency. For calamondin, it is better to choose special fertilizers for citrus or vegetable and fruit crops, but in extreme cases, you can use organic and complex mineral fertilizers, alternating them during the summer and additionally adding iron chelate (or other monofertilizers with iron) 1-2 times.
Calamondin fertilizers are applied every 2 weeks at the standard dosage indicated by the manufacturer. It is better to stop top dressing gradually.
Pruning and shaping calamondin
Traditionally, the plant is trimmed once a year, before repotting or active growth, in early spring. Calamondin can be shaped as desired, maintaining compactness or giving a more rigorous shape. Do not cut branches more than 2/3. Any damage and dried shoots should be pruned as soon as these problems appear.
Read also our article Growing a lemon tree at home.
Transplant, containers and substrate
Only young, infertile plants need annual transplants. Adult bushes are transplanted as the roots develop the substrate, every 2 or 3 years, always changing the top layer of the substrate in early spring.
For calamondins use classic containers with a depth greater than the width and large drainage holes. If calamondin is grown as a bonsai, the most traditional models should also be preferred. The preferred container material is ceramic.
A high drainage layer is essential for the health of Calamondin. Expanded clay or other materials are poured onto the bottom with a layer from 5 cm to ⅓ of the height of the pot. The substrate is suitable for any of a number of nutritious, loose earth mixtures. A special substrate for citrus, fruit or tubers is ideal, but you can also mix leafy, soddy soil and coarse sand in a 3: 1: 1 ratio yourself or add loosening additives to the universal substrate. Slightly acidic and neutral soil reactions are acceptable.
It is not worth destroying the earthen clod, the calamondin is carefully rolled over, maintaining the same level of deepening.During the period of active growth, calamondin loves abundant watering
Diseases, pests and problems in growing
Any signs of rapid drying or blackening of the shoots require emergency pruning of the affected parts of the plant and assessing the condition of the roots, removing them from the pot. If they are not affected, the plant can be saved by correcting the conditions of the plant. In addition to rot, calamondins are quite resistant to rust, requiring a quick start of treatment with systemic fungicides.
This hybrid cannot be called pest-resistant either. Mealybugs cause a lot of trouble and require multiple treatments with insecticides. In adverse conditions, scale insects or spider mites can settle on calamondins, preferring dry air.
Propagation of Calamondin
This citrus fruit shows amazing flexibility not only in its formation, but also in its ability to produce offspring. Calamondins are propagated mainly vegetatively, but, in addition to the usual rooting of apical cuttings with 3-4 leaves under the cap, you can get new bushes and grafting on much more affordable oranges.
Calamondin or Citrofortunella (homemade tangerine) - home care. Growing, transplanting and propagating
Calamondin is an ornamental tree that anyone can grow at home. Pleasant citrus aroma, beautiful and bright appearance - this is just a small list of reasons why many people fell in love with it. In particular, it can be noted that it is easy to take care of him, so he will not cause problems even for beginners in this matter.
This tree was obtained by crossing a kumquat (another name is fortunella) and an ordinary mandarin. Such a hybrid plant received a well-known name - domestic mandarin, in a scientific way it is called citrofortunella, from the name of its ancestors.
As for appearance, he is distinguished by a relatively small growth - up to a meter. Glossy dark leaves are combined with white flowers that will please their owner with an interesting pleasant aroma. When the flowering period ends, small bright orange or close to yellow fruits ripen on the tangerine tree. They taste sour, and they have a lot of seeds.
Light- and heat-loving calamondin came to us from southeast Asia. For the appearance of tasty fruits, it is necessary to create a suitable climate for the plant, that is, to provide both light and heat in abundance. Calamondin bears fruit all year round if done correctly.
1 CALAMODIN Care at home
1.1 Location and lighting
1.3 Watering and air humidity
1.4 Fertilizers and fertilizers
2 PROBLEMING PAINTION 9000 3. and pests. Caring for a sick calamondin
4 Decorative mandarin Calamondin (video)
Care for calamondin at home
Due to its exoticism, aroma and presence of fruit, homemade mandarin can be a very nice gift. If someone suddenly decided to please you with such an unusual gift, or you just never planted such plants, then you don’t have to worry that you will have to watch him 24 hours a day. He is quite unpretentious, and, perhaps, it will be difficult to call him capricious.
As soon as you get your hands on this plant, you should immediately pay attention to the soil in the pot. It must be constantly hydrated. Within 14 days after buying citrofortunella, you need to spray it daily with a spray bottle and provide the most coverage. Also at this time it should not be transplanted - this is not required. After two weeks, you can already transplant it, but in a large pot.
There are also some nuances about the content of citrofortunella. Firstly, when transplanting, try not to touch the tender roots of a young plant, otherwise it may die without producing fruit. Secondly, the roots can overheat. To avoid this, you can rearrange the pot in a white planter and cover it with a sheet of paper on the sunny side. It is worth noting that it is not necessary to change the soil during transplantation.
Moving from the store to your apartment, calamondin may encounter new conditions and a new atmosphere. Getting used to a new environment - adaptation - can manifest itself in the form of falling leaves in the first days of being in a new place. If this was noticed, it is necessary to create additional air humidity by putting an ordinary plastic bag on the tree. After that, it will need to be aired daily.
Imported plants are popular in flower shops, and homemade tangerine is no exception. Such exotics are grown in conditions specially created for them. It happens that plants are injected with capsules with hormones that are incompatible with the conditions in the apartment. For this reason, the plant may begin to fade before our eyes, which means that it is worth taking action quickly: transplant it into another soil and pot and pay special attention to the roots. If they are rotten, you need to cut off these areas.
Location and lighting
It is very important to properly plan the place where Citrofortunella will stand. The room should be well lit with natural, but slightly diffused light, so it is better to place the pot on the sunny side of the apartment (west or east), but cover it with a transparent curtain from direct exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
In winter, the tangerine will really miss the light, so you should put a lamp next to it to create artificial lighting, while moving the pot to the north side of the apartment is the best option for placing the tree. Only in the presence of light will the plant bear fruit.
When getting yourself a Citrofortunella, you need to remember that it likes moderate heat and moisture, as described above. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature and humidity. In summer, a mandarin can live in a room where the temperature does not exceed +25 degrees Celsius, and in winter - up to +18 degrees. The lower temperature in winter corresponds to the actual temperature in natural conditions, moreover, this decrease provokes a greater number of flowers and, as a result, fruits.
Watering and air humidity
Calamondin foliage should be sprayed regularly and not allowed to dry out, and the soil should be watered frequently. As soon as the soil becomes at least half a centimeter dry, you need to repeat watering. Tap water is not suitable for sensitive calamondin, because it contains a high concentration of various impurities, including alkalis, which are very harmful to the plant. It is necessary to water it with either boiled warm water or water from a filter.
With the onset of winter, the number and frequency of watering is reduced, while the number of sprayings is increased, because at such a time of the year as winter, which is characterized by especially dry air, it is necessary to carefully control the drying of the crown.
If you want to give your new green friend a nice rounded crown, remember to turn the pot clockwise a few millimeters once a day. But you should not rudely unfold it immediately with a completely different side to the light - this greatly harms the tangerine.
Top dressing and fertilizers
Calamondin, like any other flowering plant, needs additional minerals and nutrients during flowering, so from March to September, you need to fertilize the ground once a week and a half. At any other time, this should not be done so often, once a month is enough.
Specialty horticultural stores provide their customers with mixtures to feed your tree. It can also be purchased online for free. The most effective and popular fertilizer for calamondin can be called Citrus Humus. It contains many useful microelements, humic substances in a large dosage. On the other hand, you can simply purchase formulations for flowering houseplants.
To transplant a tangerine tree, you will need a large pot, because it can have a very developed large root system. In addition, citrofortunella from a small tree can grow into a tree large enough for its species. It is necessary to pay attention to the position of the root neck relative to the ground in the old pot and ensure exactly the same, only in the new one. During transplantation, do not particularly touch the clod of earth with roots, so as not to damage anything. Drainage must be of exceptional quality.
Mandarin does not need to be fertilized for a month and a half, as new fresh soil enriched with useful substances and minerals will do it for you.
Potting soil must begin with drainage. Lay it around the perimeter of the bottom with a layer of up to three centimeters. Next - a mixture of different soil. Soddy land, manure and sand are well suited for citrofortunella; their proportion is approximately 2:1:1.
If the plant is still young, then it needs to be replanted quite often: every spring. An adult tree does not require such frequent transplants, only once in 2-3 years is enough.
All plants need regular pruning. To form a beautiful spherical foliage, you need a stem a quarter of a meter high. At the top are skeletal branches, followed by the formation of branches an order of magnitude higher. It is necessary to reach the branches of the 4th order, then the crown can be considered complete. The time for pruning begins in February, until the summer they level, and in the summer they cut off the extra protruding branches.
Reproduction of Calamodin
There are 3 types of reproduction of Citrofortunella:
- Fruit pits are planted in the ground.
- Section of cuttings with several buds.
It should be clarified right away that the reproduction of a homemade tangerine is difficult and you will have to put a lot of effort into it.
As for grafting, a drought-resistant orange seedling with strong roots is well suited for this case.
Planting seeds in a pot is considered by people to be the easiest method of all, however, it takes a lot of time. In order for your new tree to hatch into the light, you need to regularly fertilize the ground with special compounds for plant growth.
In the latter case, you need to take into account a few small details when propagating mandarin by cuttings:
- First you need to determine the cutting from the top of the crown with developed leaves and large internodes.
- Next, you need to prepare a growth stimulator, which can perfectly serve as root or zircon. In it for a couple of seconds you need to dip the stalk.
- Prepare the soil and insert the cutting into it at the level of the petiole of the lowest leaf.
- This design requires maximum humidity. It can be provided by a jar on top or a plastic bag.
- The resulting greenhouse should be ventilated daily for half an hour, but no more.
Roots germinate in less than a month with proper care.
Diseases and pests. Calamondine care
Your houseplant is prone to various diseases such as sooty fungus, anthracnose and gummosis. Sooty fungus appears as a blackening of the main part of the leaves and shoots, which spoils the overall pretty appearance of the tangerine. To defeat this disease, you need to regularly wipe the leaves and shoots from black plaque. Fitosporin solution in a spray bottle can also effectively cope with the misfortune.
Anthracnose also affects the leaves, but in the end they are not covered with a film, but with yellow spots, causing necrosis of some parts of Calamondin.