How to plant a meyer lemon tree
Meyer Lemon Tree Care & Growing Guide
Growing Meyer lemon trees (Citrus × meyeri) in garden pots or the ground is a rewarding experience. Not only are they prolific fruit producers, but their showy white blossoms are incredibly fragrant and beautiful, with shiny, dark foliage that adds additional interest.
Learn How to Easily Grow Meyer Lemon Trees in Pots
Native to China, Meyer lemon trees are naturally shrub-like but can easily be pruned into true tree form. When planted in the ground, they can grow up to 10 feet tall, though when grown in garden pots they'll generally be smaller and grow accordingly with the size of the pot. Seedlings develop at a moderate pace, bearing fruit in about four years. These trees are best planted in the early spring after the danger of frost has passed. They need warm conditions year-round to produce a good harvest, or they will need to be overwintered indoors.
Similar to other citrus fruits, the fruit's skin and plant materials are toxic to dogs and cats.
What Are Meyer Lemons?
Unlike the more common Eureka and Lisbon lemons, the Meyer is actually a hybrid fruit, probably a cross between a lemon and a mandarin orange. It was brought to the U.S. in 1908 by agricultural explorer Frank Meyer. While the original hybrid from China proved to be highly susceptible to viral disease, today's form, released by the University of California in 1975, is a much improved plant. The Meyer lemon fruit is sweeter than the fruit of other lemon trees, and even the peels are tasty and great for cooking. They are also smaller and have a rounder shape. It is a self-pollinating tree, meaning you need only one tree in order to produce fruit.
|Common Name||Meyer lemon|
|Botanical Name||Citrus x meyeri|
|Plant Type||Tree, shrub|
|Mature Size||6–10 ft. tall, 4–8 ft. wide|
|Sun Exposure||Full, partial|
|Soil Type||Sandy, well-draining|
|Soil pH||Neutral, acidic|
|Bloom Time||Fall, spring|
|Hardiness Zones||9–11 (USDA)|
|Toxicity||Toxic to pets|
Meyer Lemon Tree Care
Meyer lemon tree care is an easy matter in warm climates like Florida or California, where they’re popular as low-maintenance container-grown plants both outdoors and inside. They are slightly more cold-tolerant than Eureka and Lisbon lemon trees but still need a sheltered and sunny position to thrive.
These trees don't do well in saturated conditions, so pick a spot that has excellent drainage. If you are concerned about standing water, build up a wide mound of soil to plant your tree on or position it on a slope.The Spruce / Sydney Brown The Spruce / Sydney Brown
The Spruce / Sydney BrownThe Spruce / Sydney Brown
All citrus trees love the sun, and the Meyer lemon tree is no different. It will grow and fruit best when located in full sunlight, though it can survive in a slightly shady spot. This tree prefers at least eight hours a day of direct light.
Meyer lemon trees can grow in almost any type of soil, as long as it boasts good drainage. They prefer an acidic soil pH between 5.5 and 6.5 and thrive in a loamy or sandy mixture. It's a good idea to test your soil ahead of planting to determine whether or not it needs adjusting. You can add lime to increase the soil pH or sulfur to lower it, if necessary.
Proper watering is one of the keys to growing any citrus plant, particularly those grown in pots. The aim is to keep the soil of your Meyer lemon tree moist but not soggy. To determine whether it's time to water your plant, stick your finger into the soil at least up to the second knuckle. If you feel dampness at your fingertip, wait to water. If it feels dry, water your plant until you see water run out the bottom of the pot.
If your Meyer lemon tree is indoors, particularly in the winter when the heat is on, misting the leaves with water can also help keep it healthy. It's a good idea to use pot feet, which allow water to drain out of the pot and prevent the plant from becoming waterlogged.
Temperature and Humidity
Meyer lemon trees are happiest in temperatures between 50 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. That means that, unless you live in USDA growing zones 9 to 11, you should bring your tree indoors when temperatures start regularly dipping below this range. Even in zones 9 to 11, the tree should be protected when temperatures drop below freezing. Be sure to use a covering that reaches all the way to the ground to help trap the heat from the earth.
Citrus trees do best with humidity levels of 50 percent and above. If you don't have a humid enough spot indoors, fill a tray with rocks, pour water just below the top of the rocks, and place your pot on top of the rocks so that humidity will rise up around the plant. You can also consider placing a small humidifier nearby.
During the growing season (early spring through fall), feed your Meyer lemon tree with either a high-nitrogen fertilizer or a slow-release all-purpose fertilizer. Typically three applications evenly-spaced throughout the growing season should be enough to keep your plant happy, growing, and producing. Citrus trees also respond well to additional feeding with a liquid fertilizer, such as compost tea, liquid kelp, or fish emulsion, but it is generally not necessary.
The common practice of feeding lemon trees with leftover coffee grounds does serve to acidify soils that are too alkaline, as well as provide some minimal nutrients. However, to be effective, the coffee grounds should be well-composted—not dumped fresh from your coffee maker onto the soil around the plant. Uncomposted coffee grounds contain too much caffeine, which can harm trees.
Pruning Meyer Lemon Trees
How you prune your Meyer lemon tree is up to you, as the tree's general shape has no bearing on its ability to produce fruit. Many gardeners prefer to prune the tree so that it has an exposed trunk and traditional shape, while others opt for a hedge-like style.
Either way, wait until the tree is between 3 and 4 feet tall before pruning. The majority of the fruit ripens in the winter, so you should wait until that process is complete before pruning. Beginning at the base, prune off any dead or dying branches, as well as any long, thin stems (which generally aren't strong enough to hold fruit). From there, you can go ahead and prune any branches that are impeding the growth of others or blocking the plant from having ample airflow.
Propagating Meyer Lemon Trees
Lemon trees are easier to propagate than some other citrus varieties. This can be done using semi-hardwood cuttings at any time of the year, but the process is most likely to succeed if the cutting is taken when the tree is in active growth. This means late spring or early summer cuttings are recommended. The cutting should be from healthy, new growth, and it shouldn't have any flowers or fruit on it. Here's how to root a new Meyer lemon tree from a cutting:
- Take a cutting from a mature and disease-free mother plant, ensuring the segment is at least 3 to 6 inches long.
- Remove all leaves, flowers, or fruit from the cutting, except for the top four leaves on the wood.
- Dip the cut end of the branch in a rooting hormone powder to protect against rot or disease.
- In a medium-sized pot (about 1 gallon), place a high-quality potting mix that has been thoroughly watered.
- Place the cutting into the soil mixture, making sure the cut end of the brand is buried into the soil.
- Cover the entire pot and cutting with a plastic bag to preserve moisture and set out in a brightly lit location. Keep the soil moist (but not soggy) and mist the cutting occasionally until it develops new roots (which typically happens in two months' time).
- Once roots are established, remove the plastic covering and care for your plant normally, keeping it indoors or in a sheltered location until the following spring.
Potting and Repotting Meyer Lemon Trees
When potting a Meyer lemon tree (or repotting a tree that has become too large for its container), choose a five-gallon or larger container that is at least 12 to 15 inches in height. Make sure the container has ample drainage holes.
Fill the pot partway with a potting mixture (ideally one made for citrus trees), remove the tree from its original container, and fluff the roots if they are matted. Place the tree in the center of the pot, and fill in the gaps with the potting mixture just to where the crown of the roots is still visible. Press down the soil, and water the tree immediately. Pot-grown trees will require more frequent watering than their in-ground counterparts.
Harvesting Meyer Lemons
Lemon trees grown indoors usually fruit only in the spring, while outdoor trees in warm climates will typically fruit year-round. Because citrus fruit will only continue to ripen while still on the tree, make sure to wait for your Meyer lemons to be ripe before picking.
When ripe, Meyer lemons will be an egg yolk yellow color and slightly soft to the touch. Use a knife or scissors to cut the fruit from the branch so you don't risk damaging the plant by pulling off pieces that are larger than intended.
Common Pests and Plant Diseases
Meyer lemon trees—and citrus trees in general—are typical targets for a variety of pests, including whiteflies, rust mites, mealybugs, aphids, and scale. While established adult trees usually can withstand an infestation or two, smaller, more vulnerable trees can be decimated by any one of these issues. Signs of pest issues will typically appear on the undersides of leaves or on the fruit.
To control and eliminate pests issues, begin by pruning away any dead, unhealthy, or infected areas of the tree. Treat the plant by spraying it with horticultural oil, like neem oil, diluted significantly, reapplying frequently until all signs of infection have ceased.
How to Get Meyer Lemon Trees to Bloom
Though not prized for its flowers, getting your Meyer lemon tree to bloom is still incredibly important, as that's how the tree produces fruit. Meyer lemon trees do not flower for the first few years of their life, so you can start keeping an eye out for blooms around the third or fourth year. The most essential component in a blooming Meyer lemon tree is abundant light—all citrus trees need a lot of light to bloom and simply will not do so without getting at least eight hours a day. If you don't have one location in your lawn that gets that much light, consider potting your lemon tree (versus planting it in the ground) so you can move it around and "chase" the light throughout the day.
If your Meyer lemon tree is getting plenty of light but still not blooming, it's time to look to your fertilizing schedule. Fertilize your tree once a month, but no more—trees that are fertilized too much have just as hard of a time blooming as ones that are not getting fed frequently enough. Choose a fertilizer that is specifically formulated for citrus trees.
Additionally, the temperature is fairly important when it comes to getting your Meyer lemon tree to bloom. Your plant will need a brief period of cooler temperatures (around 60 degrees Fahrenheit) during the winter and early spring in order to be encouraged to bloom.
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How Deep Do You Plant a Meyer Lemon Tree? | Home Guides
By Ruth de Jauregui Updated October 05, 2020
The 'Meyer' lemon (Citrus × meyeri) is believed to be a hybrid of a lemon (Citrus limon) and mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata), according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. 'Meyer' lemon trees grow in gardens in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. If you live in a colder climate, plant your tree in a container and take it indoors when the weather turns cold. To ensure that your 'Meyer' lemon will thrive, plant it at the same depth as it was originally in the grower's pot.
Whether planting in the garden or in a container, plant your 'Meyer' lemon tree at the same level as it was in the grower's pot. If the tree is balled-and-burlapped, check the trunk for the original soil line and plant it at that depth.
About the 'Meyer' Lemon
The original 'Meyer' lemon was introduced to the U.S. by botanist and explorer Frank Meyer, who collected plants in Asia for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He found the small lemon tree near Beijing (then known as Peking), China, and brought it to the United States in 1908. While the juicy, slightly sweet fruits were a hit on the West Coast by the 1940s and popularized in the 1970s by cookbook authors and cooking shows, the trees also carried the Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) and Citrus tatter leaf virus (CTLV), which affected and killed other citrus species. Only the 'Improved Meyer' cultivar, which is free of the viruses, has been available since 1976.
The 'Improved Meyer', like the original 'Meyer', is a small, broad-leaf evergreen tree, growing 6 to 10 feet tall. It produces thin-skinned, up to 3-inch-round orange-yellow fruits. Although it tolerates temperatures down to 20 degrees Fahrenheit for short periods, according to Master Gardener Steve Albert, extended freezing temperatures will kill the tree. 'Improved Meyer' produces flowers year-round in warm climates and indoors, so your tree may have flowers, green fruits and ripe lemons at the same time.
While 'Improved Meyer' can be grown on its own rootstock, it is also available in a dwarf version, which is suitable for growing in a large container. Grafted onto the dwarfing rootstock of the trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), a 'Dwarf Meyer' lemon tree reaches 4 to 6 feet tall at maturity.
Planting 'Meyer' Lemon Trees Outside
Select a warm, well-drained location in the garden that receives at least 8 hours of sunlight daily. Avoid low spots where cold air may settle in winter. In the cooler parts of USDA zone 9, consider planting the lemon tree near a wind-sheltered, south-facing wall, which will provide a warmer microclimate during the winter months.
When planting more than one 'Improved Meyer' or assembling a backyard orchard of dwarf or semi-dwarf fruit trees, Master Gardener Steve Albert recommends spacing the planting holes 10 feet apart. If the soil is boggy or very poor, consider adding raised beds filled with equal parts compost, peat moss, and coarse sand or perlite. If budget is a concern, you can also add 1 part garden soil.
Dig the planting hole twice as wide and deeper than the root ball of the tree. Loosen the soil around the edges of the hole; then fill it with water. Allow the water to soak into the soil; then add 1 cup of a balanced 10-10-10 slow-release fertilizer to the bottom of the hole. Cover with a layer of soil; then plant the tree at the same depth as it was in the grower's pot Or, if balled-and-burlapped, plant it at the soil line on the trunk. Backfill with the excavated soil, tamp gently and water thoroughly to settle the soil around the tree's roots.
Growing 'Meyer' Lemon Trees Indoors
While a 'Dwarf Meyer' remains smaller, you can plant either a standard or dwarf 'Improved Meyer' tree in a container. The size of the container will also help determine the mature size of the tree. A square planter is easier to dolly indoors when cold weather is in the forecast. Fill the container with a potting mix formulated for citrus trees or mix your own using compost, peat moss, and coarse sand or perlite.
Plant the tree at the same depth as it was in the grower's pot. Water thoroughly after planting the tree. Place the tree next to a south-facing window where it receives 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily. You can also suspend a grow light or fluorescent fixture a few inches above the tree to add the extra light it needs to thrive.
When the weather warms, take your tree outside for a summer vacation. Put the tree in light or dappled shade and then gradually move it over a two-week period into a full sun spot on the patio or garden, per the University of Maryland Extension.
Caring for 'Meyer' Lemon Trees
The 'Improved Meyer', like other citrus, prefers evenly moist soil. Test the moisture level by sticking your finger into the soil. When dry to a depth of 2 inches, water the tree. Outside, use a soaker hose, hose-end bubbler or drip-watering system to avoid wetting the tree's leaves. Inside, add humidity to the air with a cool steam vaporizer, setting the container on a water-filled tray of pebbles and grouping with other houseplants.
Fertilize outdoor trees in late winter with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. Apply every two months until late summer; then stop fertilizing, so the tree doesn't produce tender growth before winter arrives. Indoor trees should be fertilized monthly with a diluted 2-1-1 fertilizer solution or in spring, early summer and late summer with a slow-release fertilizer formulated for citrus.
Your grafted 'Improved Meyer' may begin flowering and producing fruit during its first year after planting, according to Citrus.com. If you planted seeds, the tree may begin producing fruit when it reaches 4 years old; however, the fruits may not resemble the parent plant, since 'Meyer' lemons are hybrids. The flowers are self-fertile, but you can increase the pollination rate by swirling a small paintbrush in each flower to distribute the pollen evenly. After the tree flowers, the Meyer lemon growth rate ranges from five to nine months from flowering to harvesting the ripe yellow fruits.
Pruning 'Meyer' Lemon Trees
While 'Improved Meyer' and other citrus trees generally need little pruning, you can shape your indoor or outdoor tree into a more tree-like form. Remove broken twigs and water sprouts, the quickly growing vertical shoots, as soon as they appear. Also remove any growth that may appear below the graft on the trunk because the vigorous root stock can take over the tree, and you'll only get the sour fruits of the trifoliate orange rather than the desirable 'Meyer' lemons. It won't hurt the tree to remove any thorns from the trunk and branches.
Use anvil pruners or sharp scissors to harvest the lemons from the tree. Snip the stem, so you don't damage the branches when picking the ripe fruits.
Be sure to sterilize your cutting tools by dipping the metal blades in rubbing alcohol or a household cleaner like Lysol or Pine-Sol. Sterile tools help prevent the spread of diseases and pests. Also put on gloves, safety goggles, long sleeves, long pants and closed-toe shoes before pruning citrus or any other tree or shrub.
- Missouri Botanical Garden: Citrus × Meyeri
- Harvest to Table: Lemons for Backyard Gardens
- Harvest to Table: How to Plant, Grow, Prune, and Harvest Citrus
- University of Maryland Extension: Growing Dwarf Citrus
- Citrus.com: How Long Does it Take for a Meyer Lemon Tree to Bear Fruit?
Ruth de Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist and writer who focuses primarily on garden topics. She writes a weekly garden column and authored 50 Fabulous Tomatoes for Your Garden. She continues to write nonfiction articles on gardening and other topics and is working on a second "50" book about plants that attract hummingbirds.
home care basics
Meyer lemon is an evergreen plant, one of the main characteristics of which is the flowering several times throughout the year.
This type of lemon is indoor, and therefore it has fewer seeds compared to non-room representatives of this genus, as well as a thin peel and a more accentuated aroma.
These traits make it popular, even when compared to similar indoor citrus fruits.
- Care tips
- Transplanting rules
- Feeding basics
900 If we compare it with other varieties, also dwarf, but also others, then it is worth pointing out that it has more acidic fruits.
Naturally, the quality will depend on proper care. Each plant "likes" or "dislikes" certain conditions.
In the case of meyer lemon, it is necessary to create light conditions, but not too much, take care of constant drainage, fertilizer, regular watering, optimal temperature conditions. On the contrary, the plant "does not like" strong winds and frosty winds.
In order to grow lemons indoors, certain factors are necessary to hope for a good result.
First of all, let's look at the need for diffused light. To this end, the meyer is placed opposite a window that faces east or west. On hot days of spring and summer, the plant will need shading.
If the daylight hours are very long, then the fruiting will be delayed, but at the same time the plant will grow intensively.
In winter, it is better to keep the plant at a temperature not exceeding 12 degrees. The room should be well lit. If you do not provide conditions for a cold room, then the plant will not bear fruit.
Keep in mind that lemons react very quickly to climate change. This means that you can not do such "tricks" as putting a flowerpot on the street, especially if it has fruits. The result can be very disappointing: the plant will shed both leaves and fruits.
As far as summer care is concerned, spray the plant systematically. The same is done in winter, provided that the flowerpot is in a room where there is a central drowning.
If the air in the room is too dry, then the risk that the lemon will suffer from scale insects and mites increases. The optimum humidity should fluctuate between 60-70%, the temperature should not exceed 20 degrees.
The watering mode is characterized by some features. Since spring, the plant is watered with warm water, quite intensively, but no more than twice a day.
In winter, it is worth watering moderately, in small portions, and also no more than twice, but already a week. You can not bring the earthen lump to dryness, because this will provoke the fall of fruits and leaves. But excess moisture is the death of a lemon.
Due to the correct and systematic watering in early summer (until mid-July), the fruits will lose their bitter taste, and the sugar content will only increase.
Watering after the summer period is significantly reduced from November. Preparing the plant for the winter period, the soil in the flowerpot is systematically loosened.
Rules for Transplanting
Transplanting is one of the main tasks in the process of growing houseplants, and if done correctly, a good result is guaranteed.
Meyer lemon cannot be considered a capricious plant, but it cannot be treated negligently either. Lemon transplantation is done annually. The best way is transshipment. It will need to take care of good drainage.
In order for young plants to take root, pay attention to the soil. The proportions here are:
- Listen Earth - part
- Sand - Part
- Overwhelming - Part
- Durnel Earth - Two parts
Soil proportions look slightly different:
- Sheet land - part
- SCOM - Part
- humus - part
- oily clay - part
- soddy earth - three parts
When transplanting, the main thing is to create all the necessary conditions so that the plant - adult or young - can adapt faster in a new environment.
It is important to remember the rule: with age, the plant needs more and more fertilizer. It must be applied after irrigation. When using artificial clarification in winter, it is necessary to make the fertilizer more intense.
Fundamentals of the feeding process
Citrus fruits need systematic feeding during the spring-autumn period, otherwise - during the growing season. Good fertilizers will be those that contain a lot of nitrogen.
Slow-release, universal fertilizer in good standing with experts. The plant is stimulated by foliar nutrition. This business is served by liquid top dressings, for example, a mixture based on algae and fish emulsion, or compost tea.
The plant will bear fruit after a year if kept indoors in winter. You can only collect lemons if you are completely sure that they are ripe.
After all, they can only ripen while on a tree. Ripe meyer fruits take on a yellow color, or a color reminiscent of egg yolk. They are soft to the touch. When assembling, it is important to use scissors or a knife, which will give the process accuracy.
The number of fruits will depend on many factors. Here is the age of the plant, and the correctness in feeding and irrigation, and creating the necessary climate. The same factors will determine the taste.
Growing Meyer lemons at home is a pleasure because of the wonderful fruits, but it also requires a lot of attention and work.
In fact, the rules of courtship are quite simple, the only difficulty lies in the systematic. But the meyere lemon, without a doubt, is worth the attention and work that we wrote about above.
Video about the proper care of a lemon tree:
home care, variety description
Lemons in apartments on windowsills have long been considered a rarity, but in order to grow this exotic fruit you need to know all the features of care . It is also very important for to choose the right variety , which will delight not only with its appearance, but also with tasty and juicy fruits. In this article, let's get acquainted with the Meyer lemon.
It is believed that Mayer lemon or Chinese lemon is a hybrid of orange and lemon , created not in scientific laboratories, but by nature itself. This variety was discovered by the American Frank Mayer, who brought it from China to America in 1908.Meyer Indoor Lemon
The Chinese lemon is the smallest among the representatives of this culture and that is why it is often grown at home. The variety has good frost resistance and yield , well tolerates not the most favorable climatic conditions.
The maximum height of the tree reaches 1.5 meters oval-shaped leaves, rich green color with a characteristic sheen. The variety is remontant, that is, it blooms and bears fruit all year round and several crops with a total weight of 2-3 kilograms can be harvested in one season. The first fruits can only be harvested at the age of 2-3 years of the tree . The highest peak of flowering is observed in the spring, when white flowers are formed, collected in clusters of 6-8 pieces.
The amount of harvest obtained directly depends on the quality of plant care.
From the moment of formation of the ovary to the full ripening of the fruit, 8-9 months pass. Lemons of regular rounded shape can weigh from 70 to 150 grams , the skin is thin, bright yellow. The pulp is orange, sour with a slight bitterness, many tasters rate this taste as noble.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Meyer lemon is not afraid of cold temperatures and can grow in almost any climatic conditions;
- The tree itself has an excellent decorative look and can become a decoration in any room;
- The fruits are very beautiful and at the same time tasty , which cannot but please flower growers;
- Flowering and fruiting continues , so with proper care, you can harvest several crops per season.
- In addition to all the advantages, the Chinese lemon has disadvantages, such as the need for constant and high-quality care , in the absence of which the tree can quickly get sick and die;
- There is also a high risk of various pests ;
- Fruit not suitable for long storage and transport over long distances.
Feeding considerationsMayer lemon should be fed during flowering and fruiting
The plant especially needs to be fed during the growing season. For this, experienced flower growers recommend once every 2 weeks in the period from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn (while the lemon is actively blooming and bearing fruit) apply complex mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, potassium or phosphorus.
However, there is a little trick that can be followed to improve the effectiveness of mineral fertilizers. To do this, once every 2-3 months, the soil is watered with a solution of boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, manganese or iron.
Feeding must be stopped during the winter.
Ornamental plants are usually sold already in pots, but in order to create more comfortable conditions for it, it is necessary to transplant a lemon, while adhering to some rules.
The following potting mix is good for young plants:
- one part leaf soil;
- one part sand;
- one part of humus;
- two pieces of sod land.
For older lemons, the composition of the soil changes slightly:
- one piece of leafy soil;
- one part sand;
- one part of humus;
- one part clay;
- three pieces of sod land.
Neutral acidity is preferred. When planting, you need to monitor the position of the root neck, it should be flush with the ground.The root neck of the Meyer lemon should be flush with the ground
Until the lemon tree has grown to 5 years of age, it must be replanted annually , while updating the soil and increasing the size of the previous pot by 4-5 centimeters. As soon as the plant becomes more mature, transplants are carried out once every three years, completely changing the soil mixture and, if necessary, replacing the pot.
In no case should a small plant be planted in a large container, in which case there is a great risk of rotting of the root system.
Caring for a lemon tree
To keep a tree strong and healthy it must be properly cared for , while creating the most comfortable living conditions close to the region of natural growth of such a plant. Quality care consists of several points.
In order for the plant to fully bear fruit, it must be provided with intense sunlight throughout the year. The best option would be to create a 12-hour day , in such conditions the tree actively grows foliage, but if the number of light hours decreases, then there will be a risk that the lemon will drop all the green mass and simply die.
Flower growers recommend placing a pot with a plant on a western or eastern window sill, while artificial lighting is required in winter.
Meyer's lemon does not tolerate drafts and sudden changes in temperature, therefore do not recommend taking the plant to an unglazed and unheated balcony or to the street.Meyer lemons are adversely affected by drafts and temperature fluctuations
In summer, it is important to avoid overheating, therefore, in intense sunlight and a lot of heat, it is best to slightly shade the tree so that it receives the right amount of light, but does not burn from high temperatures. The ideal indicator is 20 degrees Celsius .
In winter, it is necessary to maintain the dormant state of the lemon tree, for this the pot is moved as far as possible from the batteries, trying to provide the plant with a comfortable temperature no higher than 12 degrees.
For a comfortable existence of plants, it is recommended to maintain indoor humidity at 70 percent.
Lemon trees should be watered both root and foliar. At the same time moistening the soil and spraying the foliage with a spray bottle. In spring and summer, the procedure is repeated in the morning and in the evening every day, in the autumn and winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to 2 times a week.
The earth ball must always be moist, drying out can lead to the death of the plant.
To form a beautiful tree crown, you need to take care of its pruning in advance, for this you need :
- The grown stem of the seedling is shortened to a length of 20 centimeters , leaving several developed buds in the upper part;
- The shoots grown from the remaining buds will become skeletal branches , 3-4 of them are selected as the healthiest, and the rest are cut off;
- Skeleton branches cut to a length of 25 centimeters ;
- Second shoots must not exceed 10 centimeters;
- Third order - more than 5 centimeters.
As soon as the 4th order shoots appear, the formation of the tree crown is considered complete . Now, every year in the spring, sanitary pruning is carried out, removing all diseased, yellowed, dried or damaged leaves.
Meyer lemon can be propagated by seed or cuttings . It is worth noting that with the help of cuttings, you can get a good, varietal tree, and when growing a tree from a seed, there is a high risk of wild game.
With the help of seeds
- , seeds are extracted from the fruits, washed thoroughly and dried on the windowsill;
- then moisten gauze in water , put seeds on it and put such a design in a box, while constantly maintaining the moisture content of the fabric;
- as soon as the first shoots appear, the seeds are transplanted into the soil adapted for young plants, while the seeds are deepened by 3-4 centimeters;
- seedlings watered once every two days;
- as soon as the height of the tree reaches 15 centimeters, it is transplanted into a large container .
As soon as the thickness of the trunk is more than 8 millimeters, it is recommended to graft by any of the known methods.
- cuttings with 4-5 leaves are placed in a weak solution of manganese for 20 hours;
- then the oblique cut is processed with a crushed angle, all castings are removed , leaving only 3 top ones;
- at the bottom of the pot spread drainage , then the soil mixture, sand on top, into which the plant is deepened by 2-3 centimeters;
- at the next stage I cover the pot with a glass jar or plastic bag;
- for the best rooting, the structure is placed in a place with diffused light and regularly moisten the soil;
- after 2-3 weeks the shelter is slowly removed , first for 2 hours, then this time is increased. Such manipulation is necessary so that the lemon can adapt to environmental conditions.
This method of propagation will help to achieve the earliest fruiting of the plant.
Diseases and pests
Improper care can cause some diseases, which can be identified by the presence of the following signs :
- If the leaves turn lighter , this means that the tree lacks nutrients or light;
- If the leaves begin to wither and fall off , then the matter is a lack of moisture and you should immediately start watering and spraying the plant.
The lemon is also often attacked by various pests .
- When the spider mite settles on the plant, it begins to build webs and at the first detection of such a sign, the tree is washed under running water from the shower;
- If black dots-turtles appear on the leaves, these are scale insects , which a mixture of 50 milliliters of kerosene and 100 milliliters of liquid soap will help get rid of.