How to plant a pink dogwood tree
How to Grow and Care for Pink Dogwood Trees
How to Grow Cornus Florida
David Beaulieu is a landscaping expert and plant photographer, with 20 years of experience. He was in the nursery business for over a decade, working with a large variety of plants. David has been interviewed by numerous newspapers and national U.S. magazines, such as Woman's World and American Way.
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Updated on 02/08/22
Reviewed by Andrew Hughes
Andrew Hughes is a certified arborist and member of the International Society of Arborists specializing in tree heal care. He founded and runs Urban Loggers, LLC, a company offering residential tree services in the Midwest and Connecticut.
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The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
In This Article
Growing From Seed
Common Pests and Diseases
Frequently Asked Questions
The pink dogwood is notable for the many pastel flowers that it produces each spring for about two to four weeks. Like other dogwoods, the pink varieties are very good landscape trees for the rest of the year, too, with green foliage that turns purplish in fall, and reddish berries that draw butterflies and birds. At a growth rate of about 1 foot per year, the pink dogwood tree can quickly become a robust addition to the landscape.
|Common Name||Pink dogwood, pink flowering dogwood|
|Botanical Name||Cornus florida f. rubra|
|Mature Size||15 to 30 ft. tall, with a similar or somewhat greater spread|
|Sun Exposure||Partial shade|
|Soil Type||Moist but well-drained|
|Hardiness Zones||5, 6, 7, 8, 9|
|Native Area||North America|
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
Pink Dogwood Tree Care
Plant pink dogwood trees in well-drained, acidic soil. They are not heavy feeders, but you can improve performance by furnishing at least moderately fertile ground for them.
Since Cornus florida var. rubra is an understory tree in the wild, it is best to grow it in partial shade in the landscape (particularly in hot climates). But some homeowners do grow pink dogwood trees in full sun (especially in the North), and this can work as long as you supply the plants with enough water. Applying a few inches of mulch during the hottest part of summer will help protect the tree's root system and help the soil retain water.
Pink flowering dogwoods thrive in partial shade but can handle full sun with appropriate mulching and watering.
Dogwoods thrive in rich, slightly acidic soil. By far the most important soil condition for pink flowering dogwoods is good drainage.
Water needs are average, but you should never allow your pink dogwood to dry out altogether. Water deeply during periods of drought or heat.
Temperature and Humidity
Flowering dogwoods thrive in shady, dark locations with plenty of rich, damp soil. While they can tolerate a fairly wide range of soil conditions and temperatures, they do not do well if they are too hot or dry.
If your soil is acidic, well-drained, and rich then there is no need for fertilizer. If it is not, you will need to apply soil amendments including compost both when planting and periodically thereafter. Apply a 4-to 6-inch layer of mulch around your pink dogwood.
Types of Dogwood Tree
Although Cornus florida var. rubra is one of the better pink dogwoods, it is not the only one. Cornus kousa Satomi is a form of pink Japanese dogwood. Other varieties, cultivars, and species also have their merits, including:
- Cherokee Chief (Cornus florida): This is a cultivar with red flowers that is otherwise similar to Cornus florida var. rubra.
- Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas.): is a flowering dogwood relative that, in spring, bears small, yellow flowers in clusters.
Some types of dogwood trees are grown as much for their pretty leaves as for their flowers. Wolf Eyes dogwood (Cornus kousa Wolf Eyes) and Golden Shadows pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia Golden Shadows) have variegated leaves. There are also some shrubs commonly used in landscaping that are types of dogwoods, including yellow-twig Tatarian dogwood (Cornus servicea Flamiramea) and its red-barked cousin.
Since flowering dogwood is valued for its horizontal branching patterns, take care to prune away storm-damaged limbs that would mar the plant's appearance. Careful pruning can help return a storm-damaged tree to its attractive shape. Beyond this, little pruning should be necessary. Dead branches can be pruned off at any time. If you notice limbs rubbing against one another, you can prune to open up the canopy—the best time for this type of pruning is in late winter or early spring.
Propagating Pink Dogwood
Taking cuttings of pink dogwood in early June is the best time to ensure the cutting will grow roots. Here's how to make a successful cutting:
- Start with a moist mixture of perlite and peat moss in a 7-inch pot. Create a hole in the middle for the cutting. Make sure the pot has good drainage.
- Choose a cutting that is healthy and straight. It should have new leaves at the top and be flexible, not the type of wood that snaps or breaks upon bending. Cut the stem at a 45-degree angle with very sharp shears. It should be cut 1/2 inch below a leaf node.
- Using a very sharp blade, cut 1/2 inch up on either side of the cutting, coming up from the cut end.
- Immediately dip the cutting in water and then in rooting hormone. Make sure the powdered hormone covers the first few inches of the stem. Insert it into the prepared hole in the pot.
- Use a planting dome to cover the dogwood cutting. Make sure the wire dome and the bag over it are at least 1 inch away from the top of the dogwood cutting.
- Mist the cutting with water before sealing the bag.
- Place the plant, dome and all, under grow lights for 18 hours each day. The plant should be about 12 inches below the grow light.
- After five weeks, open up the bag and test for roots by gently moving the cutting. If there is resistance, it has roots. If not, close up the bag and wait another three weeks.
- When the cutting has grown roots, acclimate it by opening the bag for an hour at a time, increasing the intervals until the bag is removed. When the cutting starts shooting up new growth, it's ready to be planted outdoors.
How to Grow Pink Dogwood From Seed
Though it is possible to grow dogwood trees from seed, the odds are that they will not be pink dogwood trees, as the trees tend to produce seeds that result in white dogwoods. The best way to ensure a pink dogwood for your landscape is to propagate the cuttings from an existing dogwood tree.
Once a dogwood tree is established in the landscape and growing leaves, it will be able to handle winter as long as it's in the proper zones for growth. Help it along with thick mulch around the base.
Common Pests and Plant Diseases
Spot anthracnose disease is known to pose a problem flowering dogwood. Some cultivars of Cornus florida are more tolerant of it than others, so be sure to ask your local county extension office for recommendations on which cultivars to plant in your region, or how to treat the disease if your dogwood already has it. In areas where the tree is particularly susceptible, it may be best to take the path of least resistance and simply plant another type of tree. Powdery mildew is another common problem for flowering dogwood.
The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Doubrava, Nancy et al. “Dogwood Diseases & Insect Pests.” Clemson University Extension Office. Clemson.edu. N.p., 17 Feb. 2021.
How to Plant & Care for a Pink Dogwood Tree | Home Guides
By Anne Kinsey Updated November 28, 2018
Pink varieties of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) such as "Rubra" and "Prairie Pink" brighten the garden each spring by filling their branches with pastel blossoms. In addition to their spring beauty, these trees provide berries for birds in the fall. Pink dogwoods grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 though 9 and prefer rich, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. Although flowering dogwoods are susceptible to many diseases, planting and caring for them properly will help fend off many common problems.
Planting Your Dogwood
Select an area of the garden for your pink dogwood. Unless you plan to prune the tree to limit its size, the space should be large enough to accommodate the tree's mature size: 15-to-30 feet tall and wide. Dogwoods can grow in full sun but prefer a site with dappled shade.
Amend the soil, if needed. Dogwoods need slightly acidic, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. If your soil doesn't meet these conditions, amend it with compost before planting your dogwood.
Soak your tree in a bucket of water for four hours before planting if you've purchased a bare-root dogwood. For a container-grown tree, water it thoroughly before you remove it from its container.
Dig a hole for your flowering dogwood. The planting hole should be as deep as and twice as wide as the roots of your dogwood.
Make a mound in the center of your planting hole. The mound should be tall enough so when the tree is set on it, the part of the tree where the roots join the trunk sits slightly above ground level. Spread the roots of the tree evenly over the mound and fill in the hole with the soil you dug out earlier. As you fill, press the soil lightly to firm it around the roots.
Water the tree thoroughly and place a 4-to 6-inch layer of mulch around the tree. If necessary, stake the tree to hold it straight. Over the first year, water the tree regularly and don't let the soil dry out.
Caring for Dogwoods
Maintain a 4-to 6-inch layer of mulch around your dogwood to help keep the soil moist and cool. As it breaks down, the mulch also provides organic matter and nutrients to the tree and keeps the soil slightly acidic.
Water your flowering dogwood deeply during times of heat and drought. Once established, you won't need to water the tree regularly, and it will tolerate short dry periods, but the soil should never be allowed to dry out thoroughly. Drought-stressed trees are prone to insect infestation.
Prune your dogwood during its dormant period to control its size and shape. You should also prune to thin out the branches. This improves air flow, which helps control fungal diseases.
Avoid injuring the bark of your pink dogwood. Injuring the bark with mowers or garden tools exposes the trunk. This open wound allows in diseases and pests that can harm your dogwood. It's best to remove all grass from around the tree and to avoid planting close to the trunk.
Things You’ll Need
Shovel Compost (optional) Pink dogwood (bare root or container-grown) Mulch Pruning equipment
When amending your soil, combine your native soil with compost in a 50-50 ratio. You can amend at planting time, but amending one or two seasons before you plant gives the compost time to work into the site.
You can plant container-grown trees anytime, but it's best to plant bare-root trees while they are still dormant. Planting in late winter or early spring lessens the chance of losing a new tree to ice or frost.
Before digging, ask your utility companies to mark where utility lines are.
- Arbor Day Foundation: Dogwood, Pink Cornus Florida "Rubra"
- When amending your soil, combine your native soil with compost in a 50-50 ratio. You can amend at planting time, but amending one or two seasons before you plant gives the compost time to work into the site.
- You can plant container-grown trees anytime, but it's best to plant bare-root trees while they are still dormant. Planting in late winter or early spring lessens the chance of losing a new tree to ice or frost.
- Before digging, ask your utility companies to mark where utility lines are.
Anne Kinsey is a gardening fanatic who has studied with experts from the Asheville Herb Festival in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina. She teaches about sustainable living and gardening from her rural home, where she resides with her husband and three children. As a Certified Trauma Recovery Coach and the nonprofit founder of Love Powered Life, Anne teaches holistic living, recovery and gardening to those she serves. Anne has enjoyed writing for publications like the Houston Chronicle, Working Mother, Our Everyday Life and Career Trend.
How to plant dogwood: Planting, varieties, features..
In this article you will learn how to plant dogwood, about its features and qualities.
Dogwood is a genus of plants of the dogwood family, which consists of approximately 50 plant species. Dogwood fruits are essentially drupes that can be eaten.
Due to the large amount of vitamin C, essential oils and organic acids, dogwood has been used for many years to treat beriberi and cleanse the body.
Dogwood also treats skin diseases, anemia and hemorrhoids.
The plant itself is loved for the hardness of the wood and its unusual pattern.
Dogwood is unpretentious, does not require special care and frequent feeding, and grows well on poor soils.
Dogwood is a long-liver, he can live 300 years! And for the entire time of its life, with minimal care, it gives a generous harvest of tasty and healthy fruits.
For the first 3 years dogwood seedlings require minimal care. During this period, the plant is adjusted to special growth conditions, which will then be perceived as optimal and favorable.
If, in the first years of life, the seedling received the highest quality care, and then, for some reason, the nutrients suddenly stop coming, then the dogwood will get stressed and may stop bearing fruit, or even worse, die completely.
Therefore, you need to know how to plant dogwood - it cannot be planted in highly fertile soil and at the same time fertilize abundantly and carefully care for it.
The plant will bear fruit well if the growing conditions change for the better only in the 4th year of life - then you can add a lot of fertilizer, moisture and heat, improve lighting, carry out high-quality pruning and treatment for diseases.
How to choose a dogwood seedling
The best dogwood seedling is a one-year-old. The younger the shrub, the better it adapts to the characteristics of your site and climate - soil, light and neighboring plants.
Buy dogwood seedlings from nurseries near you. They are already adapted to local growing conditions.
Seedlings in containers with a closed root system take root ideally. Dogwood, for normal life, needs a special microflora in the root system.
It is formed in the first year of life in the nursery. If the earth with beneficial bacteria is separated from the roots, then the dogwood will freeze for several years, in one place.
How to plant dogwood
As you have already understood, in the beginning, the dogwood seedling does not need to create favorable conditions for growth. Therefore, planting a dogwood is as easy as shelling pears - in a planting hole, without the addition of any fertilizers.
The nearest tree or fence should be at least 4 meters away, because dogwood grows for a long time and grows quite strongly. And in the shade and with tightness, it bears fruit poorly.
Dogwood planting process:
- Dig a hole 80 cm in diameter and depth. Pour the top layer of soil on one side, and the bottom layer on the other.
- Place 10 cm of crushed stone or expanded clay on the bottom.
- Fill the hole with earth from the topsoil.
- Keeping your native earthen ball as much as possible, plant a dogwood seedling and sprinkle it with earth.
- Water generously.
- The root collar must be at ground level. You can not bury the seedling.
- Cut all branches to 1/3.
- If the seedling does not have side branches, then cut at a height of half a meter from the ground and form the height of the trunk.
When to plant dogwood
Planting depends on the climate. In the south, dogwood is best planted in early autumn - until mid-September.
The seedling will have at least 2 months to restore the root system and "grab" the soil before the onset of cold weather.
In the north, where the winter is early, planting is desirable in the spring before the buds swell.
The dogwood garden is planted according to the 5×5 m system. Use 400 seedlings per 1 hectare.
Today, there are several hundred dogwood cultivars of different maturity with yellow, pink and red fruits.
- Variety Elena - early, red-fruited, vigorous, ripens in early August, the fruits are sweet, but they are not stored in the refrigerator for long.
- The Elegant variety is also early, red-fruited and August, it has a plus - the berries do not fall off the tree for a long time. But over time, they do not dry out, but begin to deteriorate, so the harvest should be harvested on time.
- Varieties Starokievskiy, Evgeniya, Lukyanovskiy and Vydubetskiy – ripen by the middle of August.
These are large-fruited varieties, their berries are red, do not crumble, the harvest is plentiful and stable.
- Varieties Vladimirsky, Semyon and Svetlyachok ripen in late summer and early autumn.
Vladimirsky and Semyon are large varieties resistant to frost and drought. Fruits can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a month.
Firefly ripens at the same time as them and does not crumble. Favorably reacts to fertilizers and pruning - the fruits are very large and sweet.
- Variety Coral - pink-orange fruits. Medium late variety, ideal for jam.
- Variety Amber - late, the only one with yellow berries. Ripe berries fall off, so picking is best done before the berries are fully ripe.
The Amber variety produces very tasty and interesting jam and jelly.
planting and care in the open field, pruning, properties, photo
Author: Elena N. https://floristics.info/ru/index.php?option=com_contact&view=contact&id=19 Category: Garden Plants Returned: Last amendments:
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- Planting and Caring for Kizil
- Botanical description
Plant dogwood (lat. Cornus) belongs to the genus of the dogwood family, which has about fifty representatives in nature. Most often these are deciduous woody plants - shrubs or trees, but sometimes they are herbaceous perennials or woody winter green plants. The genus Kizil is made up of four subgenera. The word "kizil", borrowed from the Turkic language, means "red" - apparently, by the color of the berries of the most famous type of dogwood. Plants of this genus are widespread in Eastern and Southern Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, China and Japan.
People began to cultivate dogwood a very long time ago: even the Romans and ancient Greeks were engaged in the selection of the best forms of the plant for cultivation in gardens and, as Virgil claimed, not without success. In the middle lane, dogwood began to be grown in the 17th century, under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, a great lover of all kinds of plant curiosities, and interest in dogwood was caused by the extreme usefulness of its fruits, which were used in those days in the form of a decoction.
The first settlers to America used dogwood to clean their teeth, and the American natives used it to make arrows. Later, shuttles for weaving equipment, door handles, hammer handles, and tennis rackets were made from very hard cornelian wood. It is claimed that even the Holy Cross was made of dogwood. The Pacific dogwood flower is the official flower of British Columbia, a province in Canada, and the flowering dogwood tree is the official tree of the US states of Missouri and Virginia.
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Planting and caring for dogwood
- Planting: in autumn, at the very beginning of leaf fall.
- Flowering: in April-May.
- Lighting: partial shade.
- Soil: rich in lime. Groundwater on the site should not be higher than 1.5 m.
- Watering: moderate and regular.
- Top dressing: in the first half of the growing season, the fertilizer should be dominated by the nitrogen component, in the second half - by the potash one.
- Pruning: regular, dormant in late winter or early spring.
- Propagation: by green cuttings, layering, grafting or seeds.
- Pests: snails and caterpillars.
- Diseases: rust, powdery mildew, leaf spot.
Read more about the cultivation of dogwood below
The most famous representative of the genus is the common dogwood shrub, or male dogwood, up to 2.5 m high with shiny red-orange hanging shoots that, when in contact with the soil, easily root, bright green opposite or alternate leaves and milky-white flowers, collected in inflorescences up to 5 cm in diameter, which bloom in May and bloom for two weeks. Dogwood fruits with one or two seeds, ripening from August to October, vary in both shape and color. In cultivated forms, they reach a length of 3 cm, the shape is usually elongated-cylindrical, however, there are also species with almost round, like cherries, fruits, as well as barrel-shaped and even pear-shaped.
Fruit color is usually bright red, but forms with pink, yellow, purple and even black berries are known. And the taste of dogwood berries differ: they can be sweet, tart or tart-sweet, juicy or dryish. The plant itself can be formed both in the form of a bush and in the form of a tree. Dogwood is quite frost-resistant, but at a temperature of -30 ºC, the ends of the shoots freeze over. The dogwood bush lives for more than a hundred years.
When to plant
The time when it is time to plant dogwood is easy to guess - as soon as poplar leaves begin to fall. Planting dogwood in autumn is preferable to spring because in spring you will have to plant dogwood in a very short time period between how the earth warms up and sometimes when dogwood buds begin to bloom. Choose a semi-shady area for dogwood with lime-rich soil on the south or southwest side, on which groundwater is no higher than one and a half meters. Dogwood also grows in acidic soils, but this negatively affects both its development and the quality of the crop.
Dogwood is located no closer than 3-5 meters from the fence, buildings and other trees. In order for the dogwood to bear fruit, it must have a couple in the garden, and preferably two, and they should be placed no further than 3-5 meters from each other.
How to plant
Dogwood seedlings ready for planting should be two years old, about 1.5 m high, with a trunk diameter of about 2 cm, and should have 3-5 skeletal branches. Dogwood planting is carried out in a hole with a diameter and depth of about 80 cm. Having dug a hole, drive a stake into it, to which you will then tie the seedling. The stake is driven in from the side where the wind usually blows.
The top, fertile layer of soil taken out of the pit, mixed with humus and mineral fertilizers, pour it into a hill in the center of the pit, place a dogwood seedling on the hill, carefully straighten its roots, fill the pit with fertile soil with fertilizers, supporting the seedling so that its root neck turned out to be 3-4 cm above the plot level. Water the seedling with three buckets of water, and when it is absorbed, the soil will settle and the neck will be flush with the surface, cut the shoots of the seedling to a third of the length, tie it to a support and mulch the near-stem circle with humus or dry soil from the lower, less fertile soil layer.
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Caring for dogwood
Growing conditions in the garden
Planting and caring for dogwood is not much different from planting and caring for any other fruit shrub - dog rose or barberry, for example. Dogwood care consists in watering, loosening the soil on the site, removing weeds from it, pruning the shoots of the plant and top dressing.
The peculiarity of dogwood is that there is no periodicity in its fruiting, that is, it gives a harvest annually. The laying of the next year's crop is carried out in May-June of the current year, and until the end of the vegetative period, flower buds that form simultaneously with the growth of shoots must be finally formed. That is why it is so important to water and fertilize dogwood in a timely manner. In order for the water not to spread over the site, but to go to the superficially located root system, make a circular furrow around the bush and pour water into it.
Try to maintain a balance in moistening the dogwood: there should be enough water, but excessive watering is unacceptable. After watering, the soil on the site is loosened no deeper than 8-10 cm, while getting rid of weeds. As for top dressing, in the first half of the season, fertilizers with a nitrogen-phosphorus component are used, and in the second they focus on potash - for example, wood ash is added to the soil. Dogwood responds well to compost and humus, but the most important thing for the growth and fruiting of dogwood is the presence of calcium in the soil - keep this in mind.
Dogwood cultivation requires regular pruning. In winter or early spring, during the dormant period, remove from the bush all damaged, dry and frostbitten branches that are easy prey for fungi or harmful insects. Before cutting the branch, dip the scissors in a 1:3 bleach solution so as not to transfer pathogens that may have settled on the dogwood to healthy branches.
Shorten or cut to the base stems that are too old to encourage new growth. Cut out branches and shoots growing inside the bush. If your bush is grafted, remove all shoots below the grafting site. You most likely won’t have to do a formative pruning, since the plant has a natural beautiful crown.
Pests and diseases
As a rule, dogwood is not affected by pests or diseases. But sometimes, extremely rarely, the plant suffers from a fungal rust disease, manifested by yellow spots on the leaves. Destroy the fungus by treating the plant with Bordeaux liquid. Dogwood is also rarely affected by powdery mildew, which is fought with colloidal sulfur, as well as spotting, against which dogwood is treated with the same Bordeaux mixture. Of the pests, the dogwood snail bug and the multicolor caterpillar can be disturbed - the first is destroyed by treating the plant with lime, and the second - with Parisian greens.
Peculiarities of care in the Moscow region
For some reason, it is customary to think that dogwood does not take root in Moscow and the Moscow region, but this is not true. Plant breeders have bred plant varieties that can tolerate thirty-degree frosts, so dogwood develops normally and bears fruit abundantly even in the middle zone. Planting and caring for dogwood in the Moscow region is no different from growing a plant, for example, in Stavropol or Ukraine.
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Sometimes, however, the ends of its young shoots freeze over in winter, so they have to be cut off in spring. In order to avoid such unpleasant surprises, young dogwood for the winter should be covered with burlap for several years, and the near-stem circle of dogwood, both young and adult, should be mulched for the winter with a thick layer of peat or humus.
In amateur gardening, dogwood is propagated mainly vegetatively, but seed propagation is also quite possible.
Growing from stone
Dogwood pits are de-pulped and placed in wet moss or sawdust for a whole year, constantly maintaining a moist environment - thus the seeds are stratified before sowing. The dogwood stone does not break up into cotyledons, so it should be immersed in the soil no more than 3 cm.
Unstratified seeds germinate only after two years, and not all of them. Stratified seeds germinate in the year of sowing. Seed care is normal: watering, fertilizing, weeding, at the very beginning of growth, shading from scorching rays. During the first year, seedlings grow only up to 3-4 cm, by the end of the second - up to 10-15 cm, and in autumn they can be planted in open ground in a nursery. Dogwood fructifies from seeds only after 7-10 years.
Seeds of wild dogwood species are used for seed propagation, then, when young seedlings grow from them, they are used as rootstocks for cultivated dogwood species.
Propagation by cuttings
Only green cuttings from bushes no younger than 5-6 years old are suitable for cuttings of dogwood - lignified cuttings take root very poorly. Cuttings 10-15 cm long are cut early in the morning from shoots in the active growth phase, each should have a well-developed growth point and two pairs of leaves. Cuttings after cutting immediately put in the water. The oblique lower cut should pass below the kidney by half a centimeter-centimeter.
Before planting, the cuttings are stripped of the lower pair of leaves and kept for six to twelve hours in a three percent solution of heteroauxin. Then they are washed, planted at an angle of 45º in a shady place, in soil sprinkled on top with a layer of well-washed sand 7-10 cm thick, and covered with polyethylene so that there is a backlash of 15-20 cm between the film and the cuttings. After planting, the cuttings are watered , and in the future, the soil is kept in a slightly damp state, avoiding direct sunlight on the cuttings.
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It is necessary to water the plot through a fine sieve so that the water does not flow in a stream, but splashes. The temperature under the film should be about 25 ºC, and as soon as it rises above, lift the film to ventilate. The cuttings take root in two to three weeks, after which they begin to harden - this will take about two weeks of time, then the film is removed, and the strengthened cuttings are fed with liquid ammonium nitrate (30 g per bucket of water). The next autumn, the bushes are planted in a permanent place.
Budding is carried out in August-September on planted and rooted two-year-old seedlings of wild dogwood, and cultivated plant varieties are used as scion. With a sharp knife, an incision is made on the rootstock crosswise - horizontally and vertically, and the vertical incision is made up to 3 cm deep. A bud with bark, leaf petiole and part of the wood is cut from the scion, inserted into a vertical incision, carefully pushing the bark on it to the side , and fix the scion with budding tape (you can use stationery tape).
After two or three weeks, if you did everything right, the petiole will fall off. In October, the film can be removed. Emerging rootstock shoots must be removed.
Propagation by cuttings
Horizontal arcuate annual shoots are used as cuttings. In the spring, as soon as the soil warms up, dig it around the dogwood bush with the addition of fertilizers, level it, make grooves in it, bend down and lay the intended shoots in them, pin them and sprinkle them in the place of attachment with soil, and pinch the tops. When green shoots 10-12 cm high develop at the attachment points at the layering, sprinkle them up to half with earth, after 2-3 weeks, when the shoots add the same amount in growth, sprinkle them up to half again.
In autumn or the following spring, cuttings are separated from the mother plant and planted in a permanent place.
Dividing a bush
This method is used when it is necessary to transplant a dogwood bush to a new place. In the spring, before the buds swell, or in the fall, a month before frost, the dogwood is dug up, all old branches are removed from it, the root system is carefully freed from the soil and the bush is cut into several approximately equal parts, each of which has good roots and healthy aboveground part. Before planting, the old roots are cut out, the rest are slightly shortened.
Dogwood is also propagated by root offspring, if they grow from a rooted plant, the shoots are separated from the bush and transplanted to a new place. In a grafted plant, root shoots grow from a rootstock - a wild type of dogwood, you are unlikely to need it.
Species and varieties
Common dogwood (Cornus mas)
The most famous species of the genus is common dogwood, which we have already described. We only add that the most popular forms of dogwood are:
- Pyramidalis - dogwood with a pyramidal crown shape;
- Nana - dwarf dogwood with a spherical crown;
- Variegata - dogwood with white-banded leaves;
- Aurea - dogwood with golden leaves;
- Aurea variegata - dogwood with yellow variegated leaves.
White dogwood (Cornus alba)
Also a very widespread species in cultivation, which occurs naturally in China, Japan, Korea and almost throughout Russia. It is a shrub up to 3 m high with flexible, thin branches of predominantly red-orange color, although there are forms with black-red and red-brown branches. Its young shoots are covered with a bluish bloom. The leaves of plants of this species are broadly ovate, slightly wrinkled, 10-12 cm long, dark green on the upper side of the plate, whitish below, in autumn they turn dark red-lilac. Small white flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, collected in corymbose inflorescences, abundantly cover the bush in the first half of summer and again in early autumn.
White spherical fruits with a blue tint ripen just in time for the second flowering of the dogwood. This species has many ornamental forms:
- silver-edged is a plant with a creamy-white border along the leaves, which turn from green to carmine red in autumn. The color of the bark is also red. Bush height 2-3 m;
- Elegantissima is a very winter-hardy, fast-growing form of dogwood up to 3 m high, with showy red shoots, conspicuous in winter, and leaves with uneven cream border, spots and stripes;
- Sibirika Aurea – shrub 1. 5-2 m high with pale yellow leaves on erect red shoots and creamy white flowers, sometimes blooming again in autumn, simultaneously with the ripening of bluish fruits;
- Sibirika Variegata is a two-meter-tall dogwood with a wide creamy-white border, stripes and spots on the leaves, which change from green to purple in autumn, while the border and specks remain cream. Shoots in winter retain a red-coral color of the bark. This plant bears fruit poorly, grows slowly, very suitable for small gardens.
Red dogwood, or blood-red (Cornus sanguinea)
Grows in the undergrowth of deciduous and mixed forests, along the banks of rivers and lakes from the Baltic to the lower reaches of the Don and from the south of Scandinavia to the Balkans. This is a deciduous shrub up to 4 m high with a branched crown and drooping shoots of different colors - green, red, purple. Its leaves are round, ovate, bright green with fine pubescence on the upper side and densely pubescent, and therefore whitish, on the lower side. Leaves turn bright red in autumn. Small, dull, whitish flowers are corymbose many-flowered inflorescences up to 7 cm in diameter. They bloom for 15-20 days.
Numerous black fruits look elegant and contrast against bright red leaves. Decorative forms of red dogwood:
- Greenest - with shoots, leaves and green fruits;
- Variegata is a shrub up to 4 m high with variegated yellow leaves and pale green young shoots that turn burgundy with age. The fruits are blue-black;
- Mitch's dogwood - the leaves of this form are pale yellow in small spots.
Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)
Native to eastern North America. This is a deciduous tree with a spreading dense crown that blooms before the leaves bloom. Autumn foliage is bright red. Varieties:
- Cherokee Chief – tree height 4-6 m, red-pink bracts;
- Rubra - bracts from light pink to bright red, bush height 4-6 m.
Offspring dogwood (Cornus stolonifera)
Also from North America, where it grows in moist forests along the banks of streams, climbing to a height of 450 to 2700 m above sea level. The species is close to the white dogwood, but differs primarily in the ability to give a lot of offspring around the bush. It is a shrub up to 2.5 m high with red-coral shiny shoots, bright green leaves, milky-white flowers collected in inflorescences up to 5 cm in diameter and bluish-white fruits.
Decorative forms of dogwood offspring are:
- White-edged, to which cultivar White Gold belongs is a medium-sized shrub with a white border around the edges of green leaves;
- Flaviramea is a fast-growing shrub with a round shape of a bush 2-3 m high and wide. Its bark is yellow in winter and spring, and yellowish-green in summer and autumn. The foliage is green, reddish in autumn, but not all - many leaves do not change color;
- Kelsey - dwarf shrub no more than a meter high and up to one and a half meters wide with reddish or bright green bark and green leaves that do not fall until late autumn, although changing color to orange or dark red.
It grows naturally in Japan and China. This is a winter-hardy deciduous shrub up to 9 m in height with graceful graceful bracts. In autumn, the leaves turn bright red. Varieties:
- Gold Star - green leaves with a yellow pattern, bush height 5-7 m;
- Milky Way tall shrub, creamy white bracts.
There are a number of creeping dogwoods, which botanists distinguish in a separate genus - Swedish and Canadian dogwoods, the genus Svida stands apart, which includes Georgian and Meyer dogwoods.
Properties of dogwood - harm and benefits
When the medicinal properties of dogwood are described in the literature, they mean, first of all, plants of the common dogwood species. What is dogwood useful for, and what properties does it actually have?
Firstly, its fruits contain vitamin C in greater quantities than lemon, and have an antiscorbutic effect, so dogwood fruits are used to make a paste for astronauts and seafarers.
Secondly, the tannins contained in the fruits hold the stool together. Berries are also useful for patients with diabetes, as they lower blood sugar levels and increase the activity of the pancreas to produce the necessary enzyme. Dogwood has anti-inflammatory, choleretic, diuretic, bactericidal and astringent action. Dogwood berries increase appetite, improve digestion, normalize blood pressure, relieve headaches, and speed up metabolic processes in the body.
Dogwood is used in the treatment of cystitis, gout, skin diseases, swelling of the legs, inflammation of the veins, intestinal diseases, including diarrhea and dysentery. It must be said that not only the fruits of dogwood have healing qualities, but also its flowers, bark, leaves and roots.
We offer you several recipes that can help out in difficult times:
Dogwood leaf tincture: Pour 50 g of crushed dogwood leaves with a glass of food alcohol, infuse for two weeks, then strain. Take 10-15 drops with water three times a day. This tincture is used to treat hemorrhoids, eczema, gout, skin infections, and expel intestinal parasites.
Decoction of dogwood fruits: Pour a tablespoon of dried berries with a glass of water, boil over low heat for 20 minutes, then infuse for 2 hours, strain and take a quarter cup 3 times a day before meals in case of beriberi.
Decoction of dogwood bark and roots: Pour a teaspoon of crushed cornelian roots and bark with a glass of water and boil for 15 minutes, then insist for two hours, strain and drink for rheumatism 3 times a day, 2 tablespoons.
In addition, drinks and dogwood jam have wonderful medicinal and gustatory qualities. Dogwood fruits are dried for the winter and a tasty and healthy decoction is prepared from them.
The use of dogwood berries and juice is not recommended for people with high acidity, constipation or sluggish intestinal motility, as well as for those who have an unstable nervous system or individual intolerance to dogwood.