How to plant cypress tree seeds
What Are the Best Tips for Planting Cypress Seeds?
Cypress trees are typically found in wetland areas and swamps. These plants require a lot of water, and may therefore be planted in a yard's low-lying area where water collects or along a storm drainage system. Cypress can be grown from seeds, but require a lot of care in order to grow properly. When growing these specimens, the cypress seeds should be started indoors. After the seeds germinate and grow into healthy seedlings, they may be transplanted outdoors.
Quality cypress seeds can be purchased from a plant nursery. Before the seeds can be planted in a container with soil, however, they should be placed between two sheets of wet paper towels. The paper towels and the seeds should then be put inside a plastic storage bag and placed in a refrigerator for at least 30 days. The chilling of the cypress seeds is required to bring them out of dormancy, and failure to follow this step will result in seeds that do not grow.
After the cypress seeds have been thoroughly soaked and chilled, they can be planted in a small seedling container kept indoors. A rich potting soil should be used. Each seed should be placed just under the soil, in a small hole approximately 1/4 of an inch (0.6 centimeters) deep. The soil should be watered until it is very moist, but not wet. For best results, a container with a hole in the bottom should be used, and this may be kept in a tray of water to keep the soil moist at all times.
The seedling container should be kept in a warm room, with a temperature between 70° and 75° Fahrenheit (21° and 24° Celsius). The container should be placed in an area that receives indirect sunlight during the day, so a south-facing windowsill should be ideal. Germination time varies for cypress seeds, but they will generally sprout in 7 to 30 days.
When a seedling grows to 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) in height, it should be moved to a larger container, but still kept indoors. A seedling is generally ready to be transplanted outdoors when it reaches a height of about 24 inches (61 cm). For optimal plant health, it is recommended that a cypress seedling is kept indoors for at least six months before being moved outside. The young tree then should be planted in an area with very moist soil. It typically grows best in a wetland environment that is shallowly flooded for several months of the year.
How to Propagate a Bald Cypress | Home Guides
By Teo Spengler Updated December 14, 2018
Some pay a price for being different. The bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) is one of the very few deciduous conifers and pays for that difference with its homely common name. This tree can grow to 75 feet tall and can live more than 1,000 years where it is hardy, U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 though 10. Its delicate, feathery foliage is sage green when new, turns to copper-gold in autumn and then falls with the first frosts, leaving the tree "bald." A bald cypress develops a tangle of roots termed "knees" that anchor the tree in saturated ground, but the tree grows equally well, albeit without knees, on higher terrain. If you live near a bald cypress, you can collect its seeds and grow you own seedlings.
Harvest bald cypress fruits on the ground beneath the tree in autumn. Look for round cones that have not opened. Store them in a warm location to dry for several weeks.
Break the cones into small pieces, each containing one or more seeds. Separating the seeds from the sappy cone segments is very hard, but you can plant them together.
Fill the bottom one-half of a plastic bag with wet sand. Place the seeds and cone pieces into the bag with the sand. Store the bag in a refrigerator for two to four months at a temperature between 30 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Fill a planting tray with wet sphagnum moss. Remove the plastic bag from the refrigerator, and take the seeds and cone pieces from the plastic bag. Sow the seeds and cone pieces in the wet sphagnum moss. Press each seed and cone piece until it is 1/2 inch below the surface of the moss. Sow 10 seeds for every one tree you wish to grow. The germination rate for bald cypress seeds varies greatly. Saturate the moss with water, but do not flood the seeds. Maintain the wet condition of the planting medium until the seeds germinate, which generally takes one to three months.
Fill planting containers with average potting soil, using enough containers so that each germinated seed will have its own container. Create a hole in each container's soil with a screwdriver. Transplant each germinated seed into the hole in its container's soil, inserting the young seedling so that its root collar, or root top, is just below the soil surface. Fill the remainder of each hole with soil, and tuck the soil around the roots.
Place the containers in sunlight. Keep the soil very moist at all times but not wet. Feed the seedlings with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer designed for young trees, and apply it according to the fertilizer label's directions. A balanced fertilizer contains equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Move the seedlings to a permanent planting location the following autumn.
Things You Will Need
Bald cypress seeds require wet soil to germinate, but seedling roots cannot be submerged in water for long periods of time.
Do not allow bald cypress' sticky resin to get onto your hands or clothing. It is difficult to remove.
- Native Plant Network: Propagation Protocol Database -- Protocol Information: Bald Cypress
- University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service: Bald Cypress -- Plant of the Week
- University of Florida, Florida 4-H Forest Ecology: Bald Cypress
- Arbor Day Foundation: Tree Details -- Bald Cypress
From Alaska to California, from France's Basque Country to Mexico's Pacific Coast, Teo Spengler has dug the soil, planted seeds and helped trees, flowers and veggies thrive. World traveler, professional writer and consummate gardener, Spengler earned a BA from U.C. Santa Cruz, a law degree from Berkeley's Boalt Hall, and an MA and MFA from San Francisco State. She currently divides her life between San Francisco and southwestern France.
Growing cypress from seeds at home
Cypress is a beautiful evergreen plant that is often used for ornamental purposes. It is not surprising that many owners of country houses want to plant these trees on their site or even create a small alley from them. We will talk about how to grow cypress from seeds in this article.
- 1 Obtaining seeds at home
- 2 Features of growing cypress from seeds
- 3 Care of seedlings
- 4 Tips and tricks
Obtaining seeds at home
Like all ancient evergreens, cypress has cones with which it propagates in the wild. Planting material is obtained from ripe cones. In addition, it can be purchased at gardening stores, but this is not at all necessary. From mature cones, seeds are easily obtained, and their germination level practically does not differ from purchased ones.
Features of growing cypress from seeds
Due to the fact that this tree is very thermophilic, it is not very popular among breeders in central Russia. After all, it is difficult for a plant to survive a harsh winter and often it simply dies before it reaches the warm season. That is why it is necessary to germinate the seeds at home, where the optimum temperature will be provided for them. The whole process takes place in several stages:
- Stratification. This complex word means keeping the planting material in the cold (in modern conditions, it is easiest to use a conventional refrigerator). The seeds of many conifers and evergreens must go through such a mandatory "wintering", otherwise they will not be able to give normal shoots. Stratification should last 3-4 months.
Soaking. Before planting directly into the ground, the seeds must be kept in warm water for 10-12 hours. This will help them swell.
- Landing. The most suitable option for cypress is the standard layout in the ground: 4x4 cm. But you can not use pots for these trees, ordinary wooden boxes will be enough. The main thing is that they have a suitable length and are not too high, otherwise the seedlings will die.
- Another way to germinate is to place the seeds in sawdust or sand beforehand. In such an environment, they should be allowed to give the first shoots, after which they should be transplanted already into the ground.
- Transplant. The germination rate of cypress seeds is approximately 50%, so it is worth taking planting material with a margin in advance. After the first bushes begin to grow and reach 5 cm in height, they will need to be placed in separate pots. Otherwise, the trees will begin to interfere with each other and will not be able to reach their normal size. It is better to keep the young at home, in order to prevent them from freezing. After 10-12 months, if climatic and weather conditions allow, you can take the seedlings into the yard so that they stand under the sun.
This is a general scheme for germinating cypress bushes from seeds. However, it requires special care at home. Let's talk about it in more detail.
Care of seedlings
As an ornamental plant, cypress is quite capricious. So, for example, it needs to be sprayed often, but not watered to avoid rotting. The most vulnerable part of the shrub is the root system. It is formed for a long time and requires additional strengthening. You can fertilize seedlings with a mixture for coniferous plants about 1 time per month. Also, during transplantation, it is not necessary to deepen the roots much, they should be closer to the surface, so it is easier for them to absorb nutrients.
As we have seen, growing cypress from seed is not an easy task. For its implementation, only patience and enthusiasm are not enough, it is necessary to strictly follow all the rules. We will give a few more recommendations, which, according to conifer breeders, will help to achieve the best result.
First, try soaking the seeds before planting not in ordinary water, but in a solution of root or epin.
Roots are the weak point of heat-loving conifers, so such pre-feeding will not hurt.
Secondly, be careful about the choice of soil. Of course, you can use ordinary soil, but it is better to purchase a special soil mixture. The best option would be a soil composition for coniferous plants, which can be purchased at any specialized store.
The third trick involves the use of crushed tree bark as natural drainage. It can be poured onto the bottom of the box immediately before planting and covered with soil from above. Thanks to this, cypresses will absorb moisture better and will not suffer from its excess. You can buy the bark from the fertilizer department or prepare it yourself (in the second case, you will need some experience in this matter, so if you are not confident in your abilities, it is better not to risk it).
The last piece of advice concerns the transplantation of young animals in open ground. This should be done no earlier than a year after the appearance of the first shoots.
The main signs of the seedling's readiness for independent development will be the lignification of the trunk and the appearance of a normal branched root system.
Of course, you should not put the bushes in the ground in cold weather. Focus on the climatic features of the region and remember that in some parts of Russia, cypresses, even on the street, can only exist as a pot culture.
How to grow cypress from seeds at home? Rules and nuances of growing a house Selo.Guru - an Internet portal about agriculture
Cypress is a legendary tree known since antiquity.
It originally grew in California, but over time it spread to various countries in the warm temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere.
- How to grow cypress from seeds?
In recent years, growing cypress at home has become more and more common. If you want to have this evergreen plant at home, you need to familiarize yourself with the basic rules for growing it.
How to grow cypress from seeds?
How to grow cypress at home? In order to grow cypress at home, you will need its seeds.
You can buy them in the store or make your own if you have the opportunity to collect ripe, but not yet opened, cypress cones. They need to be folded into a cardboard box and wait until they open.
The most preferred season for sowing cypress seeds is the second half of spring.
The soil for cypress should be one part peat soil, one part soddy soil, one part sand and two parts leafy soil.
Pre-prepared soil must be poured into a pot or container, then moistened and compacted.
First, seeds are poured onto the surface of the earth, and then they are covered with a layer of soil, the thickness of which should be from seven to ten millimeters.
Then sprinkle the soil in the seed pot with water and cover it with film or glass. The pot should be put in a warm place and wait a couple of weeks until the seedlings appear.
When seedlings appear, the protective cover must be raised and the seedlings lightly sprinkled with a mixture of earth and sand.
Remove the shelter often to ventilate the seedlings, and eventually remove it permanently. Remember to maintain optimal soil moisture, as too little or too much water can kill seedlings.
When the seedlings reach a height of five centimeters, they should be transplanted into separate containers, which can be used as ordinary plastic cups with a volume of five hundred milliliters.
Make holes in the bottom of each cup, the diameter of which should be about five millimeters, and fill the bottom with expanded clay. This will give you drainage.
For planting seedlings, use the same soil as for planting seeds, but sand should be taken not one, but two parts.
Feed your seedlings monthly with a complex fertilizer, and after a year it is advisable to transplant them into pots.
Cypress will grow best in a tall, narrow pot, at the bottom of which drainage from expanded clay or broken skulls will be poured.
When transplanting cypress into a pot, you can add to the soil mixture a long-acting complex fertilizer for the full nutrition of cypress trees, designed for two years.
The first four to five days after transplanting, cypress trees should be kept in diffused light, and after this period they can be placed on a sunny windowsill. It is best if it is the windowsill of the east or north window. For the winter, cypress can be put on a glazed loggia with good lighting and kept at a temperature of fifteen to seventeen degrees above zero.
You can shape your cypress tree to the desired height and shape by trimming. The plant begins to bear fruit when it reaches the age of five to six years.
Details on how to care for cypress at home, read here, and from this article you will learn about what diseases and pests threaten it and what needs to be done to avoid them.