How to plant guava tree


Guava Tree Information - Growing And Caring For A Guava Tree

Guava fruit trees (Psidium guajava) are not a common sight in North America and need a decidedly tropical habitat. In the United States, they are found in Hawaii, the Virgin Islands, Florida, and a few sheltered areas in California and Texas. The trees are very frost tender and will succumb to a freeze when young, although adult trees may survive short periods of cold.

That said, the plants are attractive and produce deliciously rich, sweet fruits that are excellent fresh or in desserts. Given enough guava tree information, it is possible to grow these small trees in a greenhouse or sunroom and reap the benefits of their Vitamin C-rich fruits.

Guava Plants and Guava Tree Information

The guava fruit grows on a small tree with a wide, short canopy and a sturdy single- to multi-stemmed trunk. The guava tree is an interesting plant with mottled greenish bark and long 3- to 7-inch (7.5 to 18 cm. ) serrated leaves. Guava trees produce white, 1-inch (2.5 cm.) flowers that yield small round, oval, or pear-shaped fruits. These are more accurately berries with soft flesh, which may be white, pink, yellow, or even red, and which vary in taste from acidic, sour to sweet, and rich depending on the variety.

Guava plants thrive in any soil with good drainage and full sun for best flowering and fruit production.

Guava fruit trees are tropical to sub-tropical and may achieve 20 feet (6 m.) in height. Growing guavas requires cold protection, and is not suitable outdoors in most zones of the United States. They must have shelter from freezing winds, even in sunny warm climates where occasional icy temperatures occur.

Caring for a Guava Tree

If you are lucky enough to live in a region where guava plants grow outside, the tree should be planted in well-drained soil where its roots have room to spread.

Fertilize growing guavas every one to two months while young and then three to four times per year as the tree matures. Guava trees need a high amount of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, and potash, along with some magnesium for maximum fruit production. An example is a formula of 6-6-6-2, worked into soils just prior to the onset of the growing season and then evenly spaced out three times during the growth period.

Water frequently after planting and then keep mature trees moderately moist during the blooming and fruiting seasons. Once established, caring for a guava fruit tree is similar to any fruiting tree care.

Growing Guava from Seed

Growing guava from seed may not produce a fruiting tree for up to eight years, and the plants are not true to the parent. Therefore, cuttings and layering are more often used as propagation methods for guava fruit trees.

Growing guava seeds, however, is a fun project and produces an interesting plant. You need to harvest seed from a fresh guava fruit and soak off the flesh. The seeds can remain usable for months, but germination can take up to eight weeks. Boil the seeds for five minutes prior to planting to soften the tough outside and encourage germination.

Guava Trees In Containers - Learn About Guava Tree Container Care

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Guava Trees

By: Amy Grant

Image by panida wijitpanya

Guavas, tropical fruit trees native to Mexico into South America, are such a prized fruit that there are dozens of varieties. If you love this exotic fruit but lack garden space, have no fear. Growing guava in containers is easy. Read on to find out how to grow guava trees in pots and other guava tree container care.

Growing Guava Trees in Containers

There are three different types of guavas, all of which are suited for container grown guava.

  • Tropical guavas (Psidium guajava): Tropical guavas are the juiciest of the three with the largest fruit. They are more frost tender than the other two and grow 10 to 15 feet (3-5 m.) in height.
  • Strawberry guavas (Psidium lucidum): Strawberry guavas are shrub-like trees with smaller, tarter fruit. They tend to have high yields and attain a slightly smaller height of 12 feet (4 m.) high and wide than tropical guava. They thrive in Sunset zones 18 to 24 and are hardy to 25 degrees F. (-4 C.).
  • Pineapple guavas (Feijoa Sellowiana): Pineapple guavas are the most frost tolerant with citrusy fruit. They are hardy down to 15 degrees F. (-9 C.) and grow well in Sunset zones 7, 11 through 24. The trunks of these 15 feet (5 m.) trees contort and twist wonderfully.

All of these can be grown in the ground or in containers. Growing guavas in containers has the added benefit of being able to move them to a sheltered area. While pineapple guavas are the most frost tolerant, they are still a semi-tropical plant that needs protection from heavy frost.

How to Grow Guavas in Pots

Guava does well in a variety of soils but prefer well-draining soil with a pH of between 5 and 7. Plant the tree with a combination of potting soil and organic compost.

Select a container that is at least 18 to 24 inches (46-61 cm.) across and the same depth. Be sure the pot has adequate drainage holes.

These tough plants are adaptable, making them the perfect fruit tree candidate for guava trees in containers. Select a site for your container grown guava in full sun.

Guava Tree Container Care

Guavas don’t need frequent deep watering. During warm weather and growing season, water guavas two to three times per month, deeply. During the winter months, guavas are drought resistant, so water sparingly.

Guavas have shallow roots that absorb water and nutrients rapidly. Fertilize them with an organic, granular fertilizer once every three months.

Guavas don’t need much pruning, although they are amenable to shaping. Remove any dead or crossing branches and remove any foliage or branches that sprout below the graft union (where the fruiting plant is grafted onto the lower rootstock). Guavas fruit on new growth, so pruning will not adversely affect the fruit set.

Take care to protect the tree if temps are likely to drop. Cover the tree with a sheet or tarp to protect it from frost. You can also use a circulating air fan or even spray the tree with water to help insulate it from frost. Stringing the guava with Christmas lights is another way to protect the tree during freezing temperatures.

Other than that, these self-fruiting trees are very low maintenance, and you need only wait for the succulent, fragrant guava fruit harvest.

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Growing guava at home - tips

Guava is an evergreen tropical tree that usually grows to 3-4 meters (with proper pruning), but some specimens can grow up to 10 meters.

To date, there are several dozen varieties of guava with a variety of taste characteristics. Guavas, like avocados, can be successfully grown indoors under certain conditions.

Growing guava in containers

There are three different varieties of guava that are suitable for growing in containers:

  • Tropical guava is the juiciest of the three with the largest fruits. This variety is relatively frost-resistant and can grow up to 3-4.6 meters in height.
  • Strawberry guava is a shrubby tree with smaller, tart fruits. This variety tends to have a high yield and reaches about 4 meters in height. The strawberry guava tree is able to tolerate cold down to -4 degrees.
  • Pineapple guava is the most frost-resistant (tolerates up to -9 degrees). The tree can grow up to 5 meters in height. This variety of guava is semi-tropical and needs full protection during severe frosts.

Growing guava in pots

In general, potted guava grows quite well in various types of soil. However, it is recommended to plant this tree in well-drained soil with a pH of 5 to 7. Plant guava in soil mixed with organic compost. The size of the pot should be at least 45-60 cm deep. Make sure it has adequate drainage holes before planting.

It is worth noting that the guava tree is quite hardy and easily adapts to various weather conditions. However, guava plants do really well in warm climates with lots of sun and high humidity. Therefore, we recommend growing this tree in the corner of the house / apartment where the sun is the most.

How to properly plant and water guava

Guava seeds can be purchased directly from the store or harvested using ripe and juicy fruit. In the latter case, before planting, the seeds must be thoroughly rinsed under warm running water to clean them of any remaining pulp.

If you decide to use fruit seeds, then the main condition for their successful germination is that guava seeds must be:

  • harvested from ripe fruit;
  • they must be no more than 3 months old.

Please note that growing guava indoors will be purely ornamental. Trees in pots and containers rarely bear fruit.

Process of planting guava seeds

  1. Wrap the pre-de-fleshed seeds in cloth and soak in water for 3-4 hours.
  2. Prepare a pot of soil. The bud, as we wrote earlier, is best used for planting guava well-drained with a pH of 5 to 7.
  3. Spread the seeds evenly over the pot and cover with a small layer of soil (no more than 5 mm).
  4. Sprinkle the soil with water (preferably settled).
  5. Place the seed pot in a warm, well-lit area.
  6. Cover the top of the pot with cling film or a glass lid.
  7. Water every time the top soil dries out.
  8. Seed germination time is about 2-8 weeks.

Guava care and watering

Guava is very low maintenance and does not need frequent deep watering. In warm weather and during the growing season, it is worth watering the tree abundantly no more than two or three times a month. During the winter months, water the guava very sparingly as well. The fact is that the trees of this fruit have shallow roots that quickly absorb water and nutrients. Therefore, regular overflow can cause root rot.

Fertilize guava with an organic granular fertilizer once every three months. Guava does not need serious pruning, it is enough to remove all dead or intersecting branches in time. In addition, during the growth of the tree, it is recommended to transplant the guava into a larger pot every spring.

Be sure to protect the wood from freezing temperatures. If the guava grows in a container outdoors, move it to a warm area (such as a greenhouse) and cover it with a sheet or tarp to keep it warm. Remember that guava, first of all, is a tropical plant and will not survive severe frosts.

Guava: how to grow a tree from seed

Guava (guava) is a small tropical tree that usually grows up to 5-6 meters in height, although when properly pruned it does not exceed three meters. The homeland of guava is Central America and Mexico, but today the tree actively sprouts in all countries with a tropical climate, including Thailand, India, Pakistan, Israel, Brazil.

Guava has about 150 varieties and varieties that differ from each other in fruit taste and appearance. Most of them can be grown in a container, and these have proven to germinate best:

  • Guava Ruby Supreme
  • Lucknow 49
  • Psidium Guajava Nana
  • Tikal Guava
  • Red Malaysian (also cultivated for ornamental purposes)
  • Patricia
  • Indonesian Seedless
  • Indonesian White
  • Safeda

If you are interested in guava and decide to plant it in your garden or home, then be sure to check out our complete guide to growing it.

Photo source: balconygardenweb.com

How to grow guava at home?

Guava is considered one of the healthiest fruits. It contains five times more vitamin C than an orange, and it is also rich in vitamins A, B, E, zinc, iron, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium. The pulp of the fetus is distinguished by a large number of astringents that easily fight various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

In addition, growing and caring for guava is easy and simple, the basic information is enough to have a healthy tree. By the way, you can start with a smaller plant - avocado, the cultivation of which also does not require much effort.

Guava propagation

Growing guava from cuttings requires a certain temperature and humidity, so this method is suitable for warm tropical conditions.

Guava seeds are easy to propagate, as long as they are obtained from a quality source. It is best to purchase seeds in the store, but you can try using from the fruit. To do this, they must be thoroughly washed, wrapped in a cloth and dried for several hours.

The seeds are then soaked in warm water for 3-4 hours. After that, they are planted in a container and placed in a warm, well-lit place, for example, on a windowsill. To speed up germination, you can cover the pot with cling film by making several holes in it with a toothpick.

A tree grown from seeds matures in 3-4 years and then begins to form fruits. But to be sure of success, it is recommended to buy a ready-made grafted guava tree, which will begin to bear fruit in the same year.

Photo source: flickr.com

Choosing a pot

A guava tree can grow up to 9 meters, but in a container its size can be controlled within 2-3 meters. The pot for the plant should be at least 11 liters in volume so that the guava has enough space for the development of roots. It is best to give preference to a clay pot with a sufficient number of drainage holes at the bottom.

Place

As a tropical plant, guava loves sun and warmth, but adapts well to temperate climates. The plant needs at least six hours of sun per day.

Soil

To grow guava in a container, you need to choose a good quality ready mix or prepare your own substrate using equal parts compost, sand and soil.

Guava is one of the plants that easily tolerates different types of soil. It can be grown in heavy clay or sandy soil with a pH ranging from 4. 5 to 9.,4, but the best option is loose, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter and has a neutral to slightly acidic pH.

From time to time, the guava needs to be transplanted into a new, a few centimeters larger pot when the plant is crowded in the old one.

Photo source: flickr.com

Temperature

The optimum temperature for guava germination is between 20°C and 28°C. In winter, a young tree (up to three years old) can withstand temperatures down to -3°C, and an adult tree up to -6°C. It should be remembered that the guava is not a frost-resistant plant, so it is better to hide the tree indoors for the winter.

Watering

Young guava and during flower formation should be watered regularly and abundantly to keep the soil slightly moist at all times. Evenly moist soil during fruiting helps in the development of more juicy and sweet fruits.

Pruning

Guava pruning is necessary for the potted tree to have the desired shape and crown size, as well as for the plant to be healthy and bear many fruits. Dry, dead, damaged or diseased branches can be pruned at any time. It is best to cut off unbranched shoots that are too long and branches that cross each other and block the penetration of sunlight.

Photo source: flickr.com

Fertilization and mulching

If a young tree does not bear fruit, then it must be fed with a traditional liquid fertilizer to speed up the growth of the plant. The plant can also be fertilized every two weeks during the growing season.

It should be remembered that the guava tree is prone to iron deficiency, which can be seen from the yellowing of the leaves. This can be corrected by periodically applying top dressing with a high iron content.

For the winter it is better to mulch guava with organic substances (wood chips, straw, pine needles, peat) so that the plant retains moisture better.

Harvest

Most guava varieties self-pollinate and mature throughout the year in the tropics. Guava fruits usually ripen 3-4 months after flowering.


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