How to pot palm trees
Indoor Plant Care & Growing Guide
There are about 2,600 species of palm trees spread over 181 genera within the Arecaceae family of plants. Most are tropical or subtropical in origin, native to spots like South America, Asia, and the Caribbean. Most palms can be distinguished by their large, compound, evergreen leaves (known as fronds) that are arranged at the top of an unbranched stem.
In addition to their role as landscape trees in warmer climates, palm trees can be distinctive and wonderful indoor plants. Mature palms often adorn public spaces and foyers, adding an elegant and distinctly tropical air to the decor. At the same time, very small, immature palms can be used as a pop of greenery in homes.
It is tempting to think of palm trees as purely tropical plants—give them plenty of sunlight and water and they will be just fine. However, there are also desert varieties that will drown from too much water and still other varieties that cannot thrive without fertilizer. Careful research on the particular species of palm you end up choosing is essential to growing it successfully. As a general rule of thumb, most palms can be planted in the early spring and will grow slowly, often adding less than 10 inches of height a year.
|Common Name||Palm tree|
|Botanical Name||Arecaceae family|
|Plant Type||Woody perennial trees and shrubs|
|Mature Size||Varies by species; miniature to towering giants|
|Sun Exposure||Partial shade|
|Soil Type||Moist but well-drained|
|Soil pH||Neutral to acidic|
|Bloom Time||Year-round (rarely flower indoors)|
|Flower Color||Varies by species; often yellow, orange, green, pink|
|Hardiness Zones||7-11 (USDA)|
|Native Area||South America, the Caribbean, Asia, and more|
Palm Tree Care
In their habitats outdoors, palm trees grow best in full sun with annual fertilizer and don't require much water to thrive. However, young palm trees need thorough, regular waterings to mature into healthy plants. When grown indoors, palm trees need consistently moist soil that doesn't become waterlogged (so a pot with good drainage is essential).
Palms are a group of plants that includes thousands of species from various biomes all over the world, and each has its own diverse needs. There are tropical, subtropical, and desert species, as well as palms that grow in cold-weather climates like Alaska. Some are understory plants that prefer shade and a moist, dark environment, while others love heat and sunshine. A good rule of thumb, if you want healthy palms, is to make sure you feed them frequently—whether you're growing them indoors or outdoors.
How to best display your palm depends on its specific size and growth habit. Many are perfect indoors as corner-specimen plants or foyer plants. Likewise, palms do very well in groups with smaller potted plants clustered at their base. Wherever you locate your palm, try to avoid placing it somewhere that experiences a lot of traffic brushing against or pulling on the fronds, as this will weaken (and possibly kill) the plant.
Keep in mind, your palm will likely not flower indoors, either. Many of the common species won't live long enough to flower or reach a mature size when kept as houseplants. Remember, some of these are full-fledged trees in the wild, so the lack of flowers is more than offset by the majestic spread of the plant.
If you take good care of your palm, there is a possibility that fronds could be brushing against your ceiling after a few years. Unfortunately, you can never top-trim a palm tree, as all palms grow from a central tip. If you remove the growing tip, the plant will die. So if you have a nearly-mature palm bursting from your house, congratulations—the next step is to seek a nearby hotel or office building looking for a wonderful interior plant.
Watch Now: How to Grow and Care for a Kentia Palm Indoors
One of the reasons palm plants are such common houseplants is that they can easily adapt to low-light conditions. Most palms are tolerant of (or prefer) shade and may fail to thrive if they receive too much direct sunlight. Low-light palm species prefer bright indirect light but also can tolerate less light, especially during the winter months.
The best soil for palm plants is a loose, porous mixture, like a combination of peat moss, leaf mold, and shredded bark. You can buy a cactus or palm soil mixture specifically made for growing palm plants—otherwise, they will grow just fine in a general-purpose commercial potting soil. If you're someone who tends to forget to water your plants, mix some peat moss or vermiculite into the general-purpose potting soil to help retain moisture.
Good drainage is essential for healthy palm plants. Just because palms live in warm (sometimes tropical) regions does not mean they enjoy being waterlogged. In fact, many palms grow best in slightly sandy soils with ample drainage. Never let a palm's root ball sit in water and allow the plant's soil to dry out in-between waterings. You can also choose to plant your palm in a vessel made from terracotta or clay to help wick excess moisture from the soil.
Temperature and Humidity
Few palms will thrive in truly cold temperatures, and some, like the coconut palm, cannot tolerate any cold at all. Cold-hardy palms include the parlor palm and kentia palm, which explains why these are among the most popular indoor palms. As a general rule of thumb, palms prefer temperatures no lower than 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Feed your palm regularly during its growing season. If possible, choose a palm fertilizer, which contains all the required micronutrients for a healthy palm, as well as extra potassium and manganese. Potassium deficiency is especially common in palms and can result in yellowing or brownish fronds. If you notice your palm turning, it may be time to increase your feedings.
Types of Palm Trees
There are hundreds and hundreds of different palm trees out there, with some better suited to an indoor environment than others. Some of the most popular palm trees for indoor growth include:
- Chinese Fan Palm Livistona chinensis : This palm tree boasts distinctive star-shaped leaves and a slow-growing habit. Though mature Chinese fan palms can reach heights of 15 feet or more, most Chinese fan palms used in regular households (not offices or industrial buildings) are of the dwarf variety.
- Areca Palm Dypsis lutescens : Also known as bamboo palm, areca palm trees have soft fronts and a tolerance for low light.
- Parlor Palm Chamaedorea elegans : Parlor palms have a reputation as some of the easiest indoor palm trees to care for—they need just average light and temperature, and require no special care beyond the occasional trim.
Pruning Palm Trees
The temptation to trim fronds is hard to resist, but many species of palms draw nutrients from old fronds long after they have begun to yellow or brown. It's a very common mistake to over-prune palm trees, which can weaken the overall plant and rob it of valuable nutrients. In general, remove only fully browned leaves and never cut your palm down to just one or two new fronds.
How to Grow Plam Trees From Seed
For most palms, air layering, cuttings, and division are typically not effective for propagating new trees. Usually, the best way to start a palm tree is from seed, which can be obtained through either a seed catalog or from a flowering tree.
Your first step will be to sprout the seed, which you can do by placing it in a container at least 4 inches deep with a thin layer of soil. Place the container in a warm, humid location while you wait for it to sprout—depending on the varietal, it can take two months or more for the seed to sprout.
Once the seed has sprouted, move the palm somewhere with abundant light and continue allowing it to grow. Feed the palm with a weak liquid fertilizer a few months into its growth period. Once the palm has grown several sets of leaves, you can transplant it into a larger container.
Potting and Repotting Palm Trees
Only repot a palm when it is completely pot bound. Palms often have shallow root systems and do not appreciate being disturbed frequently. Many of the most common palm trees grown indoors want to become trees, and you can slow down growth by keeping them slightly pot-bound. If you don't repot your palm every year, it will grow at a more manageable rate.
Common Pests and Diseases
Indoor palms trees are often prone to potassium deficiency, signaled when the oldest leaves begin to die back, beginning with the tips. A controlled-release potassium supplement is the best treatment. But if the tips of all leaves turn brown, it is often due to excessive fertilizing.
Like other houseplants, spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects can be a problem, especially if your palm trees are kept close to other houseplants that may be infected. Keep an eye out for telltale signs of infestation and treat the plant promptly using insecticidal soap or horticultural oil such as neem oil.
The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Indoor Palms. Clemson Cooperative Extension.
Palm Diseases and Nutritional Problems. Clemson Cooperative Extension, December 20, 2017
Over-Pruning Harmful to Palms. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences University of Florida.
Broschat, Timothy K. Palm Nutrition and Fertilization. American Society for Horticultural Science, 19,4,690-694,2009. doi:10.21273/HORTSCI.19.4.690
How to Grow and Care For Indoor Palm Trees
Indoor palm trees are a great way to bring a lush, tropical look to your space. These easy and slow-growing, attractive plants come in a variety of sizes, colors, and shapes that can liven up your interior without much maintenance.
A very popular species of indoor palm is the parlor palm (Chamaedorea elegans), which thrives in low-light areas. Because there are a variety of palms that thrive indoors, many different options can complete your space. Choose a variant that is suitable for your household, as some types of palms (like the sago palm and cardboard palm) are toxic to pets. Follow this simple guide to indoor palm tree care, suited for most common indoor species.
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Indoor palm trees are relatively easy to grow and don't require a large time commitment. Fertilizer, water, and sun exposure are the main components of care. Check the soil frequently, keeping it consistently moist (especially during spring and summer). During this time, fertilize once a month with a houseplant fertilizer. Skip fertilizing during the winter months.
Since palm trees are a tropical species, they thrive in conditions with high humidity. Most indoor rooms don't provide enough moisture—especially when the air conditioning is on—so opt for a plant mister or humidifier to keep your trees growing healthy.
Keep your palm in an area where temperatures don't drop below 50 degrees at night. While some varieties—like parlor palms, kentia palms, and lady palms—can survive in dimmer spaces, most species do best with bright, indirect light. West- and south-facing windows are best for palms that require direct sun.
It's best to avoid direct sun for most indoor palms (except during the winter). Keep mature size in mind when choosing your variant, remembering that you might switch its location for proper sun exposure in different seasons. Since palms thrive in humid environments, they love living in bathrooms.
If your palm tree's leaves are turning yellow or brown and the soil feels wet to the touch, it's likely that the plant is overwatered. However, curled fronds, brown tips, and thin leaves all indicate that it's time to water your tree.
Palm trees offer foliage from fan-shaped fronds to colorful spikes, and, although they come from several different plant families, they require similar care to thrive.
Indoor palm trees include dwarf varieties like miniature date palms (Phoenix roebelenii) and European fan palms (Chamaerops humilis). Some varieties grow quite tall at maturity in nature—like the Christmas palm (Adonidia merrillii)—or have fanned leaves like banana palms (Musa acuminata) and fountain palms (Livistona chinensis), which need room for large fronds to spread out.
Still others, like lady palms (Rhapis excelsa) and parlor palms, can grow well in dimmer spaces. Some variants, such as the ponytail palm (Beaucarnea recurvata) and butterfly palm (Dypsis lutescens), are well-suited to the indoors because of their smaller size.
Others bring colorful features: The lipstick palm (Cyrtostachys renda), which thrives in direct sunlight, has red stems with feathery fronds. New leaflets of the flame thrower palm (Chambeyronia macrocarpa) emerge bright red before turning green.
Propagating indoor palm trees from seed is best left to professional growers, but there are several ways to grow a new palm. Depending on the type, you might propagate by removing pups (or offsets) from the mother plant. You may also divide clumping varieties and "suckers" from some palm species to create new plants.
Clumping varieties of palm trees (like parlor palms) with several stems can be propagated by division. Here's how:
Step 1: Gather a few pots to hold stems from the mother plant. Fill them with a soilless mix, then moisten with water.
Step 2: Remove the mother plant from its container. Gently loosen the soil to expose the roots.
Step 3: Find established stem clumps with their own root systems. Using a clean, sharp gardening blade, separate the roots, taking care to leave each main root system intact.
Step 4: Plant each clump in its own pot. Keep the soil moist, and put your new plants in a warm, shady spot to recover. Care for them as usual.
Some indoor palms (like lipstick palms) grow suckers, or new stems, straight from their roots. The plant doesn't typically have to be removed from its container in this method. Here's how to get started:
Step 1: Prepare containers with potting mix, then moisten with water.
Step 2: Gently loosen the soil around the base of the suckers you'd like to remove. Carefully pull up on each sucker and identify its roots.
Step 3: Using a clean, sharp blade, cut away the sucker, keeping its roots intact. Take care to avoid damaging the mother plant.
Step 4: Plant the sucker in the prepared container. Place the new plant in a shady, warm spot to recover, and keep the soil moist.
Some palm variants (like miniature date palms, sago palms, and ponytail palms) grow pups from the mother plant. Allow the pup to grow for a few years before propagating so it can develop its own root system. Here's how to propagate:
Step 1: See if the pup can be removed by carefully removing soil to look for several roots at the base.
Step 2: Fill a new pot with a soilless potting mix, then moisten with water.
Step 3: Gently remove soil around the pup (and leave some attached to protect delicate roots). Using a clean, sharp blade, cut the pup away, ensuring it has several intact roots.
Step 4: Plant the pup in its pot, adding soil until the lowest leaves are above the soil's surface. Place a clear plastic bag over the plant to secure humidity, using chopsticks or pencils to keep it from touching leaves.
Step 5: Place the pup in a place with bright, indirect light, and keep the soil moist. When new leaves grow, remove the bag, and care for your palm as usual.
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While palm trees are generally easy to care for, you may encounter pests or brown, yellow, or dry leaves. Here's how to treat your palm:
Brown or Yellow Leaves
If your palm tree needs water, you'll notice brown, dry tips on its leaves. Conversely, an overwatered plant may have yellow leaves with a darker stem. Adjust watering needs as necessary to ensure your palm tree grows in its ideal conditions. If the base of the trunk is beginning to rot, repot the plant as soon as possible in fresh, well-draining soil.
Spider mites and other pests tend to target indoor palms. Check for spotted, curling, or dropping leaves, along with webbing on stems and the undersides of leaves. Treat spider mites quickly by pruning off infested branches, bagging them, and disposing of them in an outdoor trash can. Spray the palm with a mixture of 1.5 tablespoons neem oil to one quart warm water every three to five days to prevent pests from returning.
How to Debug Plants Before Bringing Them Indoors for Winter
Though they may appear overcrowded, indoor palm trees typically grow well in the same container for several years. Repot your palm during the spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing.
Use a well-draining potting soil as a growing medium. Parlor palms, like many other variants, can grow either in all-purpose soil or a soilless blend, like store-bought cactus or succulent mix. Make your own soilless mix with equal parts peat moss and either vermiculite or perlite.
How Long Can Palm Trees Live?
The lifespan of your palm depends on its species and its climate. Tropical outdoor trees can live up to 100 years.
How Fast Do Palm Trees Grow?
Many species of palms grow about 10 inches per year, but your plant will likely grow slower indoors.
Can Palm Trees Grow Anywhere?
Some types of palm trees can survive conditions as cold as zero degrees, which makes it possible for them to grow throughout much of the United States.
Are Palm Trees Easy to Care For?
Palm trees are popular houseplants thanks to their low-maintenance growing habits and simple care requirements.
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How to grow a palm tree from seeds.Propagation of a palm tree division of a bush
Author: Galina Goncharuk Category: indoor plants reprinted: Last amendments:
- How to grow a palm tree
- Palm Reproduction Coste
Prices for rooms on the Internet are striking in their diversity. Once I looked at one of the online auctions, and there the wonderful Date Palm is being sold for 400 hryvnias. But Hamedorea is much cheaper. But the problem is that you want, as in the famous cartoon - everything and more. Therefore, such a decision would be quite logical: what can be grown with our own hands, we will propagate and grow it ourselves. Not all palm trees are easy to grow, especially from seed. They hatch for a long time, and they do not soon give the first sprouts. But flower growers are not looking for easy ways. Cultivation of palm tree is not an easy process, but an interesting one. There are two options: from seeds and the method of dividing the bush.
How to Grow a Palm Tree from Seeds
Growing a palm tree from seeds is probably the most curious and exciting activity that a florist can be interested in. For example, I was very curious: it will germinate - it will not germinate. And since it takes more than six months to wait for an answer, the further the interest, the stronger.
I will tell on the example of Hamedorea seeds. But, in principle, other types of palm trees can be grown in this way. Especially we like to grow date palms.
When buying seeds, you should immediately pay attention to the packaging and expiration dates. Because old palm seeds have very low germination. If they are packed a year ago - do not buy - they will not rise.
For sowing palm seeds, you can take plastic disposable cups (100-200 ml) and make drainage holes at the bottom. We pour soil into them, consisting of sheet earth (1 part), perlite (1 part) and vermiculite (1 part). The mixture should be 1-2 cm below the rim of the cup.
Palm seeds are pre-soaked in water for 5 days. We clean it from the remnants of the fleshy shell. And we file the hard coating a little with the help of an abrasive stone or a file. All this speeds up the germination process.
We water the soil in a cup and bury the seeds of Hamedorea (or other palm tree) into the soil, one in each cup with the sawn part down. It is not necessary to cover the earth.
Then we arrange a greenhouse for seeds - we put a plastic bag on the cup. So moisture will not evaporate from the ground. We put the cups with seeds in a warm (at least 25-27 ° C) and well-lit (at least 10-12 hours) place.
Now we are waiting for seeds to germinate. We water constantly. We ventilate once a day. And we are waiting. For a long time. The seeds of some palms germinate from six months to 9 months.
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When the sprouts are 2-4 cm long, transplant each into an individual permanent pot using palm soil. The first year, a young palm tree should be well shaded from direct sunlight.
Propagation of palm trees by dividing the bush
Not many palm trees propagate by branching or dividing the bush. Of the widespread ones, for example, Hamedorea. Other types of palms are either impossible to propagate in this way, or too troublesome.
But in the case of Hamedorea, propagation of palm in this way is preferable than from seeds. This way you will get results faster. If you have to wait about six months from the seeds of the sprout, then 4-6 weeks will go to rooting by dividing the bush. And after 4 months you will get a young plant.
Separation of the young bush from the main one should be carried out during the growing season - best of all in May. At this time, transplantation of already mature palms is usually carried out. So, during transplantation, you need to separate the young branch, which is located on the side. It is better to take a process no higher than 25 cm, so that it takes root more easily. Also, a young Hamedorea bush should have flexible stems, a fully formed small branch and its own roots.
We release the roots of an adult palm tree and a process from the ground (so that it was clear where to cut). Carefully separate the young bush with a knife, while cutting the connecting roots as close as possible to the main part of the palm tree. Sprinkle slices with charcoal, crushed into powder.
In a pot (small size) pour soil for palm trees or a mixture of leaf humus (2 parts), soddy soil (1 part) and perlite (2 parts). We place a shoot there, water it and sprinkle it with soil. We also plant an adult plant, but already in fresh soil.
We put the young Hamedorea for rooting in a warm place (temperature about 30-35°C). If possible, you can make a frame over the pot from a thin wire and pull a transparent bag over it to make a greenhouse. This is especially recommended if the house is not very warm even in May. If without a greenhouse, then the desired humidity can be provided by constant spraying.
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Watering is also needed frequently, but as the topsoil dries out. This is important, as excessive watering can rot the roots. In this way, watering the branch differs from watering the seeds - it needs a lot of soil moisture.
If you did everything right, then the new Hamedorea palm will take root in a month. But for another 3 months she needs to grow in a temporary pot in order to gain strength. Then it can be transplanted into a permanent flowerpot.
And, as they say, as an alaverdi. Although growing palm trees from seed is a longer process , it is quite feasible. In addition, in this way you can germinate almost all types of palm trees. So if you have the patience, I recommend stopping at the method of growing palm trees from seeds.
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We grow a palm tree in an apartment
Russia is predominantly a northern country. Maybe that's why palm trees are so popular with flower growers who grow indoor plants. They bring a bit of southern exoticism into our everyday life. Most representatives of the palm family look very impressive, so interior designers are willing to use them in their work. Almost all representatives of the palm family are tall, they occupy a fairly large space in a home or office. Most palm trees come from the tropics or subtropics. In their natural habitat, palm trees are not limited in growth, so they often reach enormous sizes. In some species, only leaves grow up to 17 m with a two-meter width. But they grow slowly, many species do not require complex care, so flower growers in our country have long and successfully grown many varieties of palm trees in urban apartments. Although the best place for growing such plants in captivity is, of course, a winter garden.
There are many types of palm trees that are often found in our apartments. Flower growers call such varieties - house palm trees, cultivating them as houseplants. Depending on the shape of the leaves, home palms are divided into two large groups:
Pinnate - these include coconut, dipsis, chamedorea, date, howe.
Fan-leaved - palm trees, the leaves of which are similar in shape to the correct fan. This group includes chamerops, karyota, trachycarpus, etc.
How to care for indoor palms
Usually, palm trees cultivated as indoor plants need a large area. It is advisable to place them in the living room or in the spacious hall. Even if the variety you grow is not too tall, the palm remains a solitary plant, all interference must be eliminated. Keep in mind that cats are often a big threat to house palms, as their leaves can be a welcome treat for pets. Indoor palm trees need minimal care, regular and timely watering, periodic feeding with nutrients, removing dust from the leaves. A certain difficulty can only be caused by a regular transplant, and then when the plant has already reached an impressive size.
A native of the tropics needs light
Palm trees need to be grown in a bright room, into which the sun's rays freely penetrate all day. At the same time, oddly enough, tropical palm trees prefer bright light, but diffused. Not all of them love direct sunlight, most of them even need shading in the hottest period of spring and summer. It is necessary to protect plants from the sun from 11 o'clock to noon. For shading, it is enough to use light tulle, covering the window with a translucent curtain. But shading is needed only in the summer. From August until the onset of spring, palm trees are not afraid of the sun's rays.
Often palm trees are placed in the dark corners of the room, thus making a big mistake, since there are no indoor plants that would love the shade. There are only shade-tolerant ones. In addition, most palm trees have a fairly spreading crown, which requires uniform lighting. If this condition is not met, then the leaves will grow asymmetrically, which will worsen the decorative effect of the plant. So even a meter away from the window, it's time to think about lighting the palm tree with artificial sources.
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It is different for tropical and subtropical palms. The first must be kept warm in winter, while the temperature should not fall below 16 ° C. But excessive heat is also not needed, 24 ° C should be the upper limit. But subtropical palms in winter are kept in rooms with a lower temperature, about 8-12 ° C. Palm trees of any variety do not like drafts, which adversely affect their development. Especially dangerous is the cold air that enters the room during winter ventilation, when both the window and the door are open at the same time. The root system of a palm tree is very sensitive to cold, so pots and planters in which they grow cannot be placed directly on a cold windowsill or marble tile floor. To avoid hypothermia of the root system, a pot with a palm tree growing in it is placed in a larger one or in a wooden barrel, and the space remaining between the walls is insulated by filling it with expanded clay or moss.
Palm trees such as cariota, areca, coconut, acanthophenix, and chamedorea need warmth even in winter. They need a fairly high temperature and high humidity. Wintering in cool rooms should be chamerops, trachycarpus, washingtonia, etc.
How to water palm trees
All representatives of the palm family, including varieties that grow naturally in arid places, love moisture. In the summer they need to be watered almost every day, and plentifully. In winter, watering should be moderate. But only palm trees that grow in loose soil with a light texture and good drainage can be cared for in this way. The main rule that must be observed when watering is that until the next soil of the upper part of the pot in which the palm tree grows, must have time to dry. While in the depths, the soil mixture should always be slightly moist - not to be confused with damp! It is necessary to choose the frequency of watering, taking into account the air temperature in the room. For example, if a palm tree is kept in a cool room in winter at a temperature of only 5-7 ° C, watering should be carried out extremely rarely. Once every one and a half or even 2 months is enough, sometimes it can be completely replaced with light spraying. After watering, the soil in the pot should be periodically loosened.
Palm trees need a fairly high humidity, the optimum humidity level for them is 40-50%. To ensure it, plants need to be sprayed regularly. This procedure is especially necessary on the hottest days of summer, but in winter - only if your home or office is intensively heated. Excessive dryness of the air can adversely affect the condition of the leaves: their ends will dry out, the plants will lose their decorative effect. You need to spray the palm carefully, directing the sprayer onto the leaf from both sides - both from the top and from the bottom.
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In winter, in urban apartments, the humidity is about 20-25 percent. In such a situation, spraying becomes only a measure to reduce the criticality of the situation, while watering should not be increased against the usual volume of moisture for this season. The fact is that excessive moisture still does not compensate for the effect of dry air on the condition of the plant. Buying a humidifier can help. Or, at worst, you can hang wet sheets on the radiators. If the palms are still small, then it would be good to place a container with them on a wide pallet filled with wet expanded clay or sphagnum.
Proper transplantation of palm trees
When planning a transplant, you need to prepare the optimal soil mixture to fill the new container for your plant. It should consist of two parts of humus-leaf soil, 2 parts of light clay-soddy soil, 1 part of peat, 1 part of sand, 1 part of completely rotted manure. All this must be mixed by adding a little charcoal to the mixture. Thus, the soil will turn out to be very nutritious, the plant will develop fully. If you take ordinary soil, for example, from a garden or garden plot, or another version of a poorer soil mixture, then it will be impossible to achieve the ideal state of the palm tree, its active development.
Transplantation is carried out in the spring. Young palms that are not yet three years old require an annual transplant. If palm trees cross this line, then they can be replanted every 3-5 years. These plants, like many others, do not like transplanting too much, but if it is done correctly, then the palm tree feels good. An important condition for a competent transplant is the choice of a suitable container for planting. The state of the root system of the palm tree will help determine the pot. If its roots grow in width, approaching the walls of the pot, then the next one must necessarily be of a larger diameter. If the growth of the roots is directed downward, then you can choose a pot of the same diameter as the previous one, but its height should be greater. If during the transplantation process you see that part of the plant's roots are damaged or sick, they are removed, being careful not to damage nearby healthy tissues. Before transplanting palm trees into a pot, you need to place high-quality drainage and a pillow of 3-8 cm of compost. The thickness of the last layer depends on the age of the palm tree and the size of the pot. After that, the plant is placed in a new container and covered with prepared soil mixture. Immediately after transplanting, plants, even if they belong to the sun-loving group, should not be placed under direct sunlight. A couple of weeks after transplanting, watering the plant should be moderate.
If your palm tree is already old enough and its roots protrude strongly from the pot, and transplantation is not yet planned, then they should be covered with wet moss on top. Since adult palm trees are rarely transplanted, while they actively consume nutrients and the soil in the pot becomes depleted, even if you regularly feed the plants in spring and summer, experts recommend removing the top layer of the earth every year, replacing it with fresh soil mixture or compost.
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How and with what to fertilize palm trees
Fertilizers should be used only during the growth period, and not during the dormant season. Palm trees are fed every 2-3 weeks, using fertilizers intended for decorative leafy plants. Before fertilizing, the earthen lump must be well moistened with water. For top dressing, you can use fertilizers such as Ideal, Giant, Uniflor-growth, etc. Palm trees are not fertilized in autumn or winter. Top dressing is also not carried out within 2 months after the palm tree is transplanted into a new soil mixture.
To protect the palm tree from attack by pests such as thrips, aphids and other species, each leaf must be regularly wiped with a damp sponge. If the plant is small, then it can be completely immersed with leaves in a warm solution of Persian chamomile or green soap. The leaves are kept in the solution for 30 minutes, then they are washed with warm water. In winter, palm trees, as we have said, need to be sprayed. In summer, they can be taken out into the rain or placed in the shower, if the size of the plant allows it.
How palm trees are propagated
You can try growing palm trees from seeds. This does not guarantee 100% success and not everyone succeeds. The fact is that the seeds of these plants lose their germination capacity in a short time. It takes about 20-30 days to germinate fresh seeds. If the seeds are already 3-4 years old, then, under the condition of soil heating, they germinate even later - this will take from 2 to 4 months. It is better to buy fresh seeds, and do it in serious flower shops.
Before sowing, large-sized seeds with a hard shell are carefully filed without damaging the inside of the seed. If the seeds are small, and their shell is also hard, then you need to place the material for 3-4 days in warm water, the temperature of which should be approximately 35 °. The best time to sow seeds is late winter or early spring. Seeds should be soaked in warm water before sowing. Pots for seedlings are prepared small, not exceeding 15 cm in height. Otherwise, the roots of developing seedlings grow rapidly down. The bottom of the containers should have one or more holes so that excess moisture flows out through them after watering.