How to propagate magnolia trees from cuttings youtube
How To Grow Magnolia Tree From Cuttings: Magnolia Propagation
Detailed instructions on how to grow a magnolia tree from a cutting by propagating in easy to follow steps. Rooting magnolia cuttings need patience and experience. You can put the magnolia cutting in water while you prepare things for propagation. Magnolia tree is one of the most attractive trees one can have at home. The magnolia trees are attractive due to their large glossy dark green leaves and fragrant blossoms. These attractive trees find an important place in any landscape.
These trees are quite costly, $100 for a small tree. So, it is quite interesting to propagate magnolia tree at home. Continue reading below to learn how to grow a magnolia tree from cuttings at home successfully. The procedure is the same for propagating different types of magnolia cuttings including magnolia Grandiflora, Japanese, Southern magnolia, Little gem, etc.
magnolia tree care You can propagate magnolia trees from cuttings, seeds (seed pods) and air layering methods The magnolia tree grown from seed will be very slow to grow and only bloom after 8-10 years. The magnolia cuttings are difficult to root, but the tree will be faster to grow and will flower in about 2-3 years time. Propagating magnolia trees from cuttings is simple but the success rate is quite low. The procedure for magnolia propagation from cuttings from broken branches is the same for all types of magnolias including ever green magnolia, pink magnolias, southern magnolia, teddy bear magnolia tree, etc.
Things You Need To Propagate Magnolia Cuttings
Pruning shears or knife
Potting media (soil)
A Polythene bag or Ziploc bag
Patience (very important)
I tried 4-5 times to start a magnolia tree from cuttings, but each time I they did not strike and failed. I have now somewhat mastered the technique of starting the magnolia tree from cuttings. But still, the success rate may be 50 percent. You can try the following method to root the magnolia cuttings quickly.
When To Propagate Magnolia Tree
If you want to grow magnolia from seeds, autumn is the best time for sowing seeds. The propagation of magnolia from cuttings is done when the temperature is more than 21 C (summer), i.e. from December to February in Australia and by grafting in autumn. Start propagation in the morning or evening.
How to Root A Magnolia Cutting: Starting a Magnolia Cutting
One of the important thing for the success in rooting a magnolia tree is the cleanliness. Wash the pruning shears/knife and rooting pot with dilute bleach solution or denatured alcohol.
Taking Magnolia Cuttings
- Taking cuttings correctly is the most important step for getting success in propagating magnolia trees. What type of magnolia cuttings are suitable for rooting, hardwood or softwood for propagation.
- Select the newly growing tips of branches (softwood magnolia cuttings), about 6-7 inch long and 3-5 mm in diameter. Preferably take stem cuttings from the point where the new growth has emerged from old wood.
- Place the cuttings in clean water as you prepare for other things.
Free draining propagating soil is needed. I mix 1 part potting mix with 3 parts washed river sand or perlite. You could take coarse river sand without mixing anything to it.
|Magnolia propagated from cuttings|
How to grow magnolia in containers
- Take a small pot (3-4 inch diameter) with several holes at the bottom. The small pot is suitable for propagating one cutting. I take 10 inch pot and try to root 4-5 magnolia cuttings together.
- Fill the pot with the propagating medium and water thoroughly. Water again and turn the soil to ensure that the soil is wet at all places.
- Keep the pot aside for half an hour. In the meantime, you prepare the cuttings.
Planting the Magnolia Cuttings
- Take one cutting and remove all of its leaves except the top 2-3 leaves which you cut into half.
- Scrap lightly the lower 1 inch of the cutting with the knife and make a 1 inch vertical cut (from bottom of the cutting to 1 inch up) at the center.
- Apply rooting hormone at the lower end, scrap portion and in the slit of the cutting.
- Insert a stick in the soil down to a depth 1 inch above the bottom.
- Insert the prepared cutting in the hole (do not push) and secure it by pressing the soil around it.
- Similarly plant all the cuttings.
- Enclose the pot in a Ziploc bag to keep in humidity. I enclose it in a clear plastic bag and tie it at the top.
- Place the pot in a bright place but away from direct sun.
- Every week, open the bag and mist the cuttings. Close the bag again. Remove any fallen leaves.
- How long do magnolia cuttings take to root. After about 4-6 weeks, new growth will emerge. This is the time when the roots are starting to begin. Keep the pot enclosed for another 2-3 weeks.
- After that, open the bag and see if there are roots emerging from the bottom holes of the pot or just tuck the cutting, if it is resistive, that means that the roots are there.
- Warning: Do not pull out the cutting to see if it has rooted.
Acclimatize the magnolia propagated plant
- Open the bag for half day only for next 3-4 days.
- Remove the bag and place the pot in shade for 1 week.
- Allow the morning sun for 1 week.
Transplant the Cuttings
The next step is to transplant the rooted magnolia cuttings in pots filled with highly nutrient soil. how to fertilize little gem magnolia tree
Video of propagating magnolia from cuttings
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How to propagate magnolia | ShunCy
Magnolia trees are beautiful, fragrant, and can be expensive or difficult to find.
If you love the look of magnolias but don't want to spend a fortune on one, there is an easy way for you to grow your own.
With just a little bit of patience and care, anyone with access to soil can have their very own tree.
Read this article for more information about how you can propagate magnolia plants in your garden.
What You’ll Learn
- How to propagate magnolia
- Can you root magnolia cuttings in water
- How long do magnolia cuttings take to root
- Can you grow a magnolia tree from a pod
- Can you take cuttings of Magnolia
You can plant a magnolia seed, or you can take cuttings from the shrub.
The best season to do it is in spring, when they start sprouting new shoots and leaves after winter dormancy.
For seeds of your magnolia to germinate successfully, some things need to be considered, such as the time of year and the site where you want to plant them.
If they are sown outdoors in spring or summer (but not during winter), their first leaves will be smaller than those grown indoors.
Still, on the other hand, they grow very fast and can reach a decent size within one season.
On average, they reach a height of about one meter.
To germinate successfully, the seeds should be sown outdoors in the open ground during spring and summer (but not during winter), covered with no more than five millimeters of soil.
The best time to plant them is when they are just starting to sprout their new shoots and leaves after winter dormancy, from mid-April to early May.
You can take cuttings of the magnolia during spring and summer (but not in autumn).
To root successfully, they must have a period of cold before being potted up indoors or outside if you live in a humid climate.
Use a sharp pair of secateurs to take cuttings from the stems.
The best time is when they are just starting to sprout their new shoots and leaves after winter dormancy, from mid-April to early May.
Make sure that you keep each cutting with at least four or five nodes on it (the place where a leaf and a branch come out).
You can use some rooting hormone on the bottom of each cutting to help it root successfully.
Make sure that you place them in individual pots or trays filled with potting compost, cover it over with plastic wrap, and put them somewhere dark at around 20-23 degrees Celsius (68-73 Fahrenheit) for a few weeks.
When you see roots coming out of the bottom of each pot, please put them in direct sunlight and water them regularly until they have started growing into healthy plants.Can you root magnolia cuttings in water?
Yes, you can.
It is common to root magnolia cuttings in water or directly into the ground after cutting their stems from the mother plant.How long do magnolia cuttings take to root?
Cuttings are most successful when taken from magnolia trees in the spring or summer months.
Cuttings can be placed directly into water, sand, or soil to root.
Rooting time varies but typically takes five weeks to six weeks.
When rooting cuttings in water, change half of the water weekly until it is clear and roots have grown.Can you grow a magnolia tree from a pod?
Magnolia trees are really pretty and also kind of fascinating.
One thing I didn't know is that you can grow magnolias from seed pods.
And it's not as hard as one might think either.
First, let's talk about how magnolia trees reproduce.
They often grow in really dense clusters, and it can be hard to tell where one tree ends and another begins.
That is because the flowers on a magnolia only last for three days at most before they fall off.
When this happens, you're left with these seed pods that look like a ball.
Remember that when you propagate from one of these seed pods, the tree will not be a replica of its parent plant.
Magnolias produced from seed pod propagation tend to have different features than their parents.
The leaves might be lighter or darker, and there can even be variations in flower color as well.
This is because the seeds produced from a magnolia pod come from one parent only, and cross-pollination with other plants isn't possible for this tree species.
Luckily propagating magnolias by seed pods are pretty straightforward.
All you need to do is pick up all of those fallen flowers off your lawn or garden, and then let the seed pods dry out on their own.
When they're ready, plant them in a mixture of soil that has been used to grow other plants before (no need for anything fancy).
The ideal temperature is 70°F – 80°F, and there shouldn't be any frost coming through your windows or doors as you do this.
After you plant the seed pod, all that's left to do is sit back and wait for your brand new magnolia tree to grow.
If it doesn't happen within a year, then don't lose hope just yet.
Sometimes they can take a different growing season or two before they break through the soil independently.
Now, if the magnolia pods dry out and then become infested with bugs, you will want to discard them.
This can prevent an infestation in your garden later on if the new tree takes off.Can you take cuttings of Magnolia?
Magnolia is an excellent plant species that can be propagated by taking cuttings.
It would be best to cut in Spring or Fall after new leaves have sprouted and are still green but not yet fully mature.
The first step is to prune off part of a branch with some young leaves using sharp shears.
It is recommended to make the cutting about three inches long and remove leaves from each quarter of it (cutting should be cleanly cut at a 45-degree angle).
The next step is to place the cutting in water until roots develop, which can take up to six weeks or longer depending on how warm your house stays and what type of rooting compound you use.
I would recommend using a rooting compound containing an auxin.
This hormone stimulates root development and helps the cutting establish itself faster in soil.
I would recommend using a clear vase or container with good air circulation so that the roots can develop properly without getting water-logged.
You could also use rock wool cubes to help support the cutting while developing new roots and establishing the soil.Conclusion
One of the best things about the magnolia tree is that it can be propagated easily.
You do not have to take cuttings or grafting, nor are there special requirements for planting seeds.
But if you go with seed propagation, you need good luck because getting them to germinate takes a long time - up to a year.
If you take stem cuttings, they will grow up to one meter each year and can be planted in the garden or the yard - remember that magnolia trees prefer acidic soil conditions.
If you go with the easiest option of all, then plant seeds in a pot and wait until they germinate - it can take up to two years.
If you want instant results, do not hesitate to get cuttings from your neighbors or friends who have magnolia trees - if their soil conditions are good for growing these plants, then yours will probably be too.90,000 crap, from seeds, terms, growing rules, photo, video, video
- 1 How Magnolia
- 2 propagates how to propagate Magnolia with cuttings
- 2.1 Recommended periods
- 2.2 Harvesting of cuttings 9000 2.3 Where to plant cuttings
- 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.UR How to plant magnolia cuttings
- 2.5 How to grow magnolia from cuttings
- 3.1 Recommended timing
- 3.2 Selection of capacity and preparation of soil
- 3.3 Preparation of Magnolia seeds for planting
- 3.4 How to plant magnolia seeds
- 3.5 Growing Magnolia from seeds at home
Magnolia can be propagated in several ways without purchasing new seedlings to increase the population of the shrub. But in order for the shrub propagated at home to take root safely, it is necessary to clearly understand the rules of cultivation.
How magnolia propagates
In general, the magnolia tree propagates in 2 main ways:
- vegetative propagation, for which cuttings of an adult shrub or cuttings are taken;
- seed propagation - magnolia is grown directly from seeds.
In practice, vegetative methods are used more often, since propagation is easier and allows you to quickly grow an ornamental beautiful shrub. But propagation from seeds also has its advantages, this method allows you to maintain the purity of the variety and get a plant with increased endurance.
How to propagate magnolia from cuttings
Cuttings are the easiest and most affordable way to get a new plant from an existing shrub. Even novice gardeners can handle magnolia propagation by cuttings at home, since there is nothing complicated in this process.
Traditionally, cuttings of magnolia are carried out in the spring. During this period, the shrub awakens to active growth, so the cuttings will take root and get stronger much faster than in autumn. Regardless of whether the cutting is planted immediately in open ground or first in a closed container, its adaptation will be more successful during spring planting.
Important! At the same time, the cuttings grown in the container should be transferred to a temporary place in the ground closer to autumn. If you plant a magnolia on the site a few weeks before the cold weather, by winter the shrub will have time to adapt to a new place and gain a foothold in the ground.
In order to propagate magnolia from cuttings in the spring, it is recommended to take young, but already beginning to wood shoots of magnolia.
- Branches should be cut directly under the bud, leaving a margin of 2-3 mm.
- The handle must have at least 4 leaves, the bottom 2 will need to be removed and the top 2 left. The bottom cut should not be horizontal, but oblique, approximately at an angle of 45 °.
- Leaves that are too large can be cut to more than half the length.
- The top cut of the cutting should be 5-6 cm above the remaining leaves.
The prepared stalk is lowered for a day with its lower part into a solution with an added growth stimulator. The magnolia stalk will be able to take root without additional stimulation, however, the rooting solution will speed up the rooting process.
Where to plant the cuttings
After the prepared cutting has been left in a solution with a growth stimulator for a day, it can be planted in the ground. At this stage, reproduction is carried out in two ways - magnolia is either placed immediately in the ground under the open sky, or planted first in a container.
When planting outdoors, attention must be paid to the choice of planting site. Magnolia loves light, loose and well-drained soils of a neutral or slightly acidic type. The shrub needs good natural light, so the cutting is best placed in a sunny and warm area of the garden, protected from strong winds. The video of reproduction of magnolia with cuttings shows that the propagation of shrubs in partial shade is also allowed, but the shading should not be too thick.
Attention! On sandy, calcareous and marshy soils, magnolia feels bad and quickly fades.
If you plan to plant magnolia in a container at home, then you must also take care of the quality of the soil before planting. To make the magnolia stalk feel comfortable, you can prepare such a mixture - mix 2 parts of peat with 1 part of soddy soil and add 1/2 part of sand.
How to plant magnolia cuttings
How to plant cuttings in the standard way:
- Shoots treated with a rooting solution should be buried about 5-10 cm into the ground.
- Even before planting the cutting, it is advisable to fertilize the soil with complex top dressing, this stimulates faster growth of the root system.
Regardless of whether the stalk is planted in a container or immediately in open ground, at the first stages it needs to create greenhouse conditions. To do this, after watering, the plant is covered with a film or glass on top to provide the shoot with increased humidity and a suitable temperature of at least 20 ° C. On the site, the stalk is best planted in a greenhouse until rooting, and only then transferred to a permanent place.
At home, magnolia cuttings are faster because the shoots are in stable comfortable conditions without temperature and humidity fluctuations. If possible, it is recommended to root the cutting in a container, and transplant it into the ground 2-3 months after the cut, in June or July.
How to grow magnolia from cuttings
Caring for magnolia cuttings consists of a few simple procedures.
- Irrig. In order for magnolia reproduction to be successful, the stalk must be watered regularly, about once every 3-4 days. The top layer of soil must remain constantly moist.
- Protection against drafts and insects. A young shoot needs a stable temperature and high humidity without sudden changes, so it is best to keep the cutting in a closed greenhouse or under a glass or polyethylene cover.
- Support. Since the formation of a shrub begins already at the cutting stage, it is better to immediately install a support post close to the cutting, which will not allow the young plant to bend.
It is recommended to apply top dressing to the soil for the cuttings even at planting - these magnolia fertilizers will be enough for the whole season or until transplanting to another part of the garden. Under all conditions, the rooting of the plant takes about 2-3 months.
How to grow magnolia from seeds at home
Planting and caring for magnolia seeds is a bit more complicated than cuttings. However, amateur gardeners use it to obtain hardy and beautiful trees that retain all varietal characteristics.
Magnolia seeds should be sown in late spring, early or mid-May, after the start of the vegetative period in plants and complete thawing of the soil. Although magnolia seeds can be propagated outdoors, the seeds are more commonly sown in home containers. This increases germination and reduces the risk that most of the seeds will die.
Tank selection and soil preparation
When propagated by seed, the magnolia shrub develops a very strong and long root stem. Therefore, the capacity for sowing seeds must be appropriate - a height of 30 cm or more. In a pot or box that is too low, the seedling will quickly rest against the bottom, and this can lead to the death of the plant.
The soil when propagating magnolia from seeds should be loose and fertile. It is better to choose a slightly acidic or neutral soil containing carbonates for planting. You can also prepare nutrient soil for seeds yourself, soddy soil must be mixed with peat in a ratio of 1 to 2, and then add another 1/2 sand. Before planting seeds, mineral and organic complex fertilizers must be applied to the soil.
Preparing magnolia seeds for planting
Theoretically, magnolia seeds can be planted in the ground immediately after purchase. However, experienced gardeners highly recommend preliminary stratification, in other words, to create an artificial imitation of the influence of climatic conditions.
- The stratification process refers to freezing at mild temperatures. Prepared seeds are laid out in the fall in a small container on abundantly moistened sphagnum, sawdust, foliage or hay.
- For 3 months, the seeds are stored in the refrigerator on the lower shelf for vegetables. From time to time, the container with them needs to be checked, if necessary, rewet the substrate. The temperature in the refrigerator should be about 5 degrees above zero.
- In the photo of magnolia seeds, you can see that if the stratification is carried out correctly, after 3 months they will swell slightly, and the outer shell will burst on them. After that, the seeds can be removed from the refrigerator and planted in the ground.
Tip! If magnolia seeds are slightly moldy on a moistened substrate, it is not necessary to throw them away and start all over again. Seeds can be thoroughly washed in water with the addition of a weak solution of potassium permanganate, change the substrate and return to the refrigerator again.
How to plant magnolia seeds
Stratified seeds are sown quite abundantly, given the fact that not all of them will sprout, but only 70-75% of the seeds. It is necessary to deepen the seeds into the ground by 4-10 cm, the indent between individual seeds should be about 1.5-2 cm.
The first shoots should appear about 2 months after planting, magnolias take a long time to germinate. Keep the pot or seed box in a warm place with a stable temperature.
Growing magnolia from seeds at home
After growing magnolia from seeds at home in a container, it will need to be taken care of very carefully. First of all, the container will need to be moved to a well-lit place - young sprouts need not only heat, but also sunlight.
- Seedlings must be protected from drafts, but the plants must be regularly aired so that the magnolia gets enough fresh air.
- The soil in the container should be moistened as it dries, the water should not stagnate, but dry soil will also affect the condition of the seedlings badly.
- In early-mid-summer, seedlings can be fed a little more with complex fertilizers. Since the young magnolia is highly sensitive during seed propagation, top dressing will benefit it.
It is recommended to thin out magnolia sprouts 1.5-2 weeks after germination. It is better to remove weak and painful sprouts - they will still not be able to develop into a good tree, and they will interfere with neighboring healthy sprouts.
With proper care magnolia from the seed is extended up to 15-30 cm during the warm season.
How to propagate magnolia by cuttings
Another easy way to propagate a shrub is to increase the population with cuttings. The method is convenient in that it implies reproduction immediately in the open field, without the use of greenhouses and containers.
- In early spring, the lower branches of an adult magnolia are bent low to the ground, making a small incision on the bark of the shoot.
- The branch is fixed with a staple or wire so that it does not straighten out.
- The cut area should be slightly buried in the soil and sprinkled with a mound of loose earth up to 20 cm high.
By the end of the season, the cuttings should be firmly rooted, and caring for them comes down to regular watering and top dressing, which can be done simultaneously with top dressing of the main bush.
Another method of propagation by layering is air rooting. In this case, the shoot does not need to be bent to the ground, it is enough to cut it, treat the bare area with a growth stimulator, cover it with moistened moss and wrap it tightly with plastic wrap. From time to time, the cut site is re-moistened with a syringe.
If air rooting is carried out correctly, then after 2-3 months the shoot forms young roots, and in autumn it can be separated from the main bush.
Transplantation of magnolia to a permanent place
Magnolia is a plant with a delicate and sensitive root system. She does not like transplants in principle, therefore, when transferring a seedling or seedling to a permanent place, the site must be chosen very carefully.
- If you need to transplant a seedling to a permanent place, you must wait until it reaches about 1 m in height. Transplanting is best done in early autumn so that the shrub has enough time to adapt.
- When propagating magnolia from seeds, planting is recommended in the spring of the next year after germination. Ideally, you should wait 2 years, then the seedlings will finally get stronger and quickly take root in the open field.
A permanent site for magnolia should be sunny, protected from strong winds and drafts, with nutrient neutral soil. You can not plant magnolia on limestone - this is detrimental to the plant. The magnolia transplant algorithm is very simple. On the site, you need to dig a landing hole about 50 cm deep and wide, fill it up to half with soil, and then lower the seedling and throw it with earth up to the root collar. Immediately after planting, the plant is watered and mulched with humus.
It is necessary to water the seedling in a permanent place as the soil dries up, complex top dressing is applied in early spring before flowering. In the middle of summer, sanitary pruning can be carried out with the removal of diseased and broken branches.
Propagating magnolia on your own is not difficult if you follow simple rules of planting and care. Cuttings, layering and seed propagation bring equally good results, you need to choose the method of reproduction based on your own experience and convenience.
How to propagate Magnolia
- Types of Magnolia
- Drumage by cuttings
- Landing Rules Rules for
- We will tell about seed propagation
- Magnolia. 9000,0005 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 beauty tree strewn with incredibly beautiful flowers. Growing it in your own garden is not so easy, but all efforts are justified. Foaming lemon-vanilla aroma, which wraps the space, will not leave anyone indifferent.
This article will talk about how to go after magnolia, species, in what ways you can propagate a wonderful tree.
Types of magnolia
Flowering tree has several types:
- Kobus. A small tree, reaching a height of up to 5 meters. Grows for about 30 years. Before the first leaves appear, the tree is already strewn with flowers in the form of cups. Does not tolerate severe frosts very well, some buds die.
- Star. Habitat - moist mountain forests. In height reaches up to 3 meters. The flowers look like small stars. The plant tolerates frost well, and has been actively blooming since April.
- Loebner. A hybrid of star magnolia and kobus. It reaches a height of up to 5 meters, grows about 25-28 years. In severe frosts, the kidneys partially freeze slightly. It begins to bloom in April, before the leaves appear.
- Nude. This type is very fond of the Chinese. It can reach up to 15 meters in height. Flowers cup-shaped, white or cream. Frosty weather tolerates without loss.
- Lilyflowered. Prefers a humid climate. It can grow as a small tree or as a bush. It begins to bloom in May, and through July. The flowers are slightly narrowed. Frost transfers with freezing of shoots. This type of magnolia is recommended to be planted in an area with moderate humidity and the absence of cold winds.
- Sulange. A hybrid of bare magnolia and lilyflower. It grows mainly in the form of a tree. Under good conditions, it can reach up to 8 meters. Flowering begins in April. In severe frosts, it suffers losses.
- Obovate. It can reach a height of up to 30 meters. Has large leaves. Frost tolerates without loss. Prefers a humid climate. It is recommended to plant in the shade.
- Kuvenskaya. Is a hybrid. Grows in the form of a tree. The color palette is white, the flowers look like small bells with a delicate aroma. Blooming begins in April. The whole tree has an anise smell. It grows fast enough, tolerates frost without loss.
Propagation by cuttings
Growers prefer propagation by cuttings in the first place because flowering occurs earlier. With the help of cuttings, hybrid varieties of magnolia are grown. If a tree is propagated by seeds, it will lose its maternal qualities.
Almost all types of plants begin to bloom from April. Cuttings for propagation must be cut before the buds begin to tie at the tree. In order for the landing to be successful, the right choice of terrain must be made. In places where the wind is constantly walking, there is a draft, the tree will not survive. Magnolia needs a place well protected from such phenomena. For example, a tree can be planted near a high fence, or near the wall of a house.
The soil for magnolia should be neutral, it can also be slightly acidified. Soil containing lime will destroy the root system of the plant. Young cuttings in such conditions have no chance of development. Growing in such soil will not be successful. Not suitable for magnolia and soil containing sand.
The optimum soil for a tree is fertile and light. In the weighted version, the magnolia will not take root.
The best choice for cuttings is a young plant that is only a few years old. It is healthy and full of strength, which means it can pass them on to a new generation, and at the same time it will not suffer.
Ideal cuttings look like this:
- The top is green.
- The lower part is woody.
Such a cutting will cope with all the difficulties associated with planting in open ground. It is recommended to cut the green stalk in the evening or in the morning.
The ideal time for planting cuttings is the last days of June, the first days of July. During this period, climatic conditions favor good development. A few leaves should remain on the top of the cutting. If they are very large, it is allowed to cut off a half.
So that the cutting does not lose water, it is either planted immediately or stored wrapped in a pact in the refrigerator.
To speed up germination, small incisions are made at the bottom of the cutting (preferably with a blade), and treated with growth stimulants. To avoid fungal diseases, fungicide treatment can be carried out.
In order for the cutting to take root successfully, develop and grow well, it is better to start growing from greenhouse conditions. In this case, you can independently control air humidity, soil moisture, and other factors.
Cuttings take root best in a sandy substrate.
In order for the cuttings to germinate quickly enough, a certain temperature regime should be maintained - 20 ° C, and in no case less. Under such conditions, germination will be in almost 2 months (about 7 weeks). Throughout this period, magnolia needs attention and care. Violations of the temperature regime will lead to death, and regardless of whether the temperature drops or rises.
It is very important to keep the soil moist. Watering should be moderate. Drying out will not benefit the cuttings, and excessive moisture will lead to decay of the root system. Also, due to the large amount of water, the cuttings may slow down in growth.
The total growing period for magnolia from cuttings is about 4 months. After this time, your garden will be decorated with a magnificent flowering tree.
Magnolia species that have large flowers take longer to root.
Planting and care instructions
If you buy a ready-made seedling, inspect it carefully. The root system must be closed.
The choice of soil has already been mentioned above. It can be concluded that the optimal place for planting magnolia is the sunny side of the garden, protected from wind and drafts, with good and fertile soil.
Most gardeners are of the opinion that seedlings should be planted in autumn. During this period, the tree stops developing. In addition, frosts have not yet hit the street, but there is already no heat.
There are several opinions about spring planting. Some believe that magnolia can be planted in the spring, like other seedlings. Others are sure that spring planting will destroy the tree. The reason for this is possible frosts, which a fragile tree will not endure. Rehabilitation is unlikely to bring positive results.
Of course, each owner decides for himself when to plant seedlings in his garden. But take note that the magnolia planted in the fall takes root almost 100%.
After you have decided on the time and place of landing, you can go to dig a hole. It is made several times larger than the root system of a tree. A little soil taken from the hole should be mixed with rotted compost. After preparing the ground, the seedling is carefully lowered into the hole and covered with earth. Magnolia roots are tender, so you can not deepen too much. After planting, a hole should form around the trunk. The soil in it is trampled and watered abundantly. After soaking up water, the circle near the trunk should be mulched, or covered with bark of coniferous trees.
Magnolia care is not that serious, but some points still deserve due attention. In the first years after planting, the tree is very demanding on watering. It should be carried out as often as possible, and with plenty of water. On hot days, drying out the soil is contraindicated.
Watering is fine, but care must be taken to retain moisture. Mulching will help with this. In winter, mulch retains heat well, in summer it does not allow drying out. In addition, it is an excellent source of essential substances that nourish the soil and improve its structure.
In winter, the tree needs shelter. Mostly frost-resistant varieties are planted, but nevertheless warming is necessary, as there is a risk of reverse frosts. Warming is carried out by wrapping the trunk with burlap in several layers. They do it very carefully, because the magnolia is very fragile and delicate.
In November, you need to take care of the shelter of the trunk. The procedure is carried out as soon as the first frost hits. Do you think why they cover the frozen ground? Because, so that residents (for example, mice) do not start up in the shelter.
If the partial freezing of the tree still occurs, pruning is carried out in the spring. All branches are cut to a healthy part. To lubricate the cut points, garden pitch is used. Even if the tree overwintered successfully, pruning is also necessary. Remove all dry and lifeless twigs, and those that are crossed inside the crown.
Magnolia shaping pruning is not required.
Like any other plant, magnolia needs to be fed. That's just the first few years after planting, this is not necessary.
Seedlings that have reached the age of three need to receive nutrients. Therefore, in the spring they make top dressing. Fertilize the tree from spring to the end of summer.
Nitrogen fertilizers will be useful, but they can only be applied until mid-summer. The reason for this is the increase in freezing.
You can make your own food at home. To do this, you need:
- Ammonium nitrate - 20 grams.
- Urea - 15 grams.
- Mullein - 1 kilogram.
- Water - 10 liters.
Everything is thoroughly mixed in one container. Under one tree should account for about 40 liters of solution.
If you don't want to spend time preparing fertilizer, you can buy it at any flower shop. Products intended for fertilizing magnolia:
- AGRECOL "For magnolia".
The rules for dilution and use are described in detail in the instructions.
Note! Don't get carried away with fertilizing. A lot doesn't mean good. Overfeeding can be harmful.
If in the middle of summer you notice that the leaves on your tree are actively turning yellow, this indicates an overdose of drugs. To remedy the situation, provide the tree with active watering.
Rodents can cause irreparable damage to the tree, they damage the root collar and roots. Also, you should be wary of moles that undermine the root system. If pests have damaged the trunk, apply a solution of foundationazole (1%) to it.
The spider mite causes great harm, it becomes active during dry days. It sucks out all the vital juices from the inside of the leaf. Such leaves die and fall off. To avoid complete infection, examine the tree more often. At the first sign, remove all affected parts and treat with Actellik. There are other drugs. Be sure to read the instructions before use.
Let's talk about seed propagation
Magnalia can also be propagated by seed. But in this case, it will take much longer to wait for flowering. The fruit of the tree is a multileaf. In some species, it looks like a cone, in others, it has a curved shape, with only a few seeds inside.
Understanding that it is possible to collect seeds is quite simple. When the magnolia fruit is ripe, it opens with a crack, the seeds are shown out. They are covered with a dense shell, and have an orange tint. Basically, the time for collecting seeds is the last months of autumn.
If the seed coat is soft, remove it. If hard - the seeds are put in a plastic bag and left for several days to soften. The soft shell has a brown tint.
Seed preparation can be carried out in the following way:
- Collected seeds are soaked in water for three days.
- Rub through a sieve. Thus, the peel moves away from the seed without problems.
- To get rid of the oily layer, wash the seeds under running water with a little soap. Then rinse again with clean running water.
If the seeds dry out, germination will be severely reduced.
The shelled seeds are brown or black. They need stratification. Therefore, they are placed in wet sand.
Next, choose a planting container. The sown seeds are kept in a cool place. This could be the bottom shelf of the refrigerator or the basement. The optimum temperature for germination is 3-8 degrees. Freezing the seed lasts 20 days. Sowed at room temperature. After such processing, germination will be almost 100%.
After freezing, seeds can be placed in damp moss. The first shoots will appear in about 20-25 days. Deepen the seeds in the moss up to 10 centimeters.
During stratification, the soil should not dry out, it should be constantly moistened. It is impossible to close the container tightly, the seeds need air. Planted at a depth of 2-3 centimeters.
I sow the seeds in late spring. You can do this in boxes or directly into the ground. If the seedlings were planted in the ground, the first two winters they will need to be well insulated, covered with foliage, and other material. Planted seedlings in boxes for the winter are brought into a greenhouse.
Small-flowered magnolia species self-seed if the winter is warm. But young trees lose their maternal qualities. For this reason, it is better to use magnolia propagation by cuttings.
Magnolia is propagated by cuttings
The article deals with propagation by cuttings and seeds. Recall another way to double the beauty of the garden - reproduction by layering. This type is applied to shrubs. In spring, bend the branches to the ground and pin them. A small amount of loose earth is poured on top, forming a hill.
Ways to speed up the formation of roots:
- Make a small circular incision in the center of the buried part of the shoot.
- Tighten with wire.
Methods are also used in order to obtain several seedlings as a result. At the same time, young plants can be obtained quite quickly (up to 3 years). This is faster than with seeds and cuttings.
From the beginning of May until the middle of the first month of summer, aerial layering can be prepared. On the branch where you would like to get the roots, make a small incision, or completely remove the bark in a circle 2-3 centimeters wide. Be extremely careful, cutting and damaging the wood is contraindicated.
The resulting wound, and the whole part above it, is treated with a root growth stimulant (eg, heteroauxin). Carefully cover with moistened moss and wrap with a film. To prevent moisture from evaporating, the edges are tied with a rope.
A branch with an air layer is made heavier so that it does not break in strong gusts of wind, it is tied to nearby branches.
The moss needs to be moistened from time to time, especially on hot days. On average, humidification is carried out several times a month. For convenience, use an ordinary syringe.
After 2-3 months, good and strong roots form on the shoot. In autumn, the cuttings are cut off from the mother branch. It is not recommended to plant it for the winter in open ground; it is better to grow it at home.
If cuttings were cut in summer (beginning of August), they can be planted in the garden. For the winter, such a layering will need a good and warm shelter.
The benefits of magnolia in the garden
Magnolia is a chic tree that is undoubtedly a decoration of the garden. We have already talked about how to care for him and propagate. Finally, I would like to tell you about the beneficial properties of the miracle tree:
- The leaves of the plant contain a lot of essential oils, salts of iron, calcium, magnesium, alkaloids, etc. The leaves are also rich in minerals.
- Salicifolin and candicin are present in the roots.
- The flowers are rich in various acids (oleic, peanut, linoleic, etc.).
- Magnolia bark is also healing. With its help treat diseases of the stomach. It helps in inducing labor.
- Tinctures are used to treat hypertension and heart disease. A tincture of flowers is given to asthmatics to prevent attacks.
- Magnolia is a kind of antiseptic that can be used to fight various oral problems, including caries.
- One cannot ignore the fruits of the plant. They help with problems of the digestive tract, musculoskeletal system. Used for rheumatism.
- Magnolia has an immunostimulating effect, positively affects the human condition. It is used for fevers and malaria.
- According to numerous experiments and studies, it follows that the substances found in the cones of the plant are able to stop cancerous diseases.
Magnolias are used in the manufacture of cosmetics that are used to combat acne, age spots and inflammation.