How to propagate meyer lemon tree


How to Propagate Meyer Lemon Trees | Home Guides

By Ruth de Jauregui Updated August 31, 2020

The sweet and tart flavor of 'Meyer' lemons (Citrus × meyeri) makes them a favorite in the kitchen and for beverages. This tender citrus tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 10. While you might plant seeds and eventually – in 10 years or so – get fruit, the 'Meyer' lemon is a hybrid, and its seeds are unlikely to produce the same tasty lemons. To propagate a lemon tree, especially a hybrid like 'Meyer', it's best to start with a cutting.

Propagate a Lemon Tree

Although you may have heard stories about rooting a lemon tree cutting in a potato, use a good potting mix to ensure success. Prepare the sterile potting mix or a mix of equal parts perlite and peat moss by placing it in a bucket and adding water. It may take an hour or more for the mix to absorb the water. Once the mix is thoroughly damp, press it into a 6- to 8-inch wide flowerpot or a 1-gallon grower's pot. Let any excess water drain from the pot.

The University of Minnesota Extension recommends taking the cutting in spring or summer after the new shoot has hardened slightly. The cutting should not have flowers or fruit. Use sterile anvil pruners and snip off a 3- to 6-inch cutting just below a leaf node. Strip off all except the top four leaves and swirl the cut end in rooting hormone.

Insert the cutting into the moist mix. Cover the cutting and pot with a plastic bag and place it in a warm, brightly lit location. Keep the mix damp, but not waterlogged, and mist the cutting regularly to keep the humidity high inside the plastic covering. Check for new roots by gently tugging on the cutting in approximately eight weeks. Remove the plastic covering once the cutting develops roots.

Care for Your Lemon Tree

Keep your new 'Meyer' lemon tree inside or in a sheltered location until the following spring. Gradually move it toward a south-facing window until it receives direct sunlight for six to eight hours daily. Water when the soil is dry to the touch and mist the foliage regularly to keep the humidity high. Fertilize monthly during the growing season with a half strength 2-1-1 fertilizer formulated for citrus trees.

After all chance of frost is past, you can transplant your 'Meyer' lemon into a sunny, well-drained garden. If you live in USDA zone 8 or lower, Oregon State University recommends planting the lemon tree in a pot and taking it indoors in winter. Start with a 5-gallon container filled with a potting mix or make your own by mixing equal parts potting soil or compost, perlite and peat moss. Plant the lemon tree at the same depth that it was in the original pot. Repot every two years as the tree grows to its mature size of 4 to 6 feet tall.

Flowers and Fruits

Your 'Meyer' lemon tree may begin flowering as early as three to four years after you plant it in the garden or container. Lemon flowers are self-fertile, but they need a breeze or an oscillating fan to vibrate and shake the pollen onto the pistil. Alternately, you can swirl a small paintbrush inside each flower and transfer the pollen to pollinate the blossoms.

After the flowers have faded, be patient. The lemons will ripen in six to nine months. You may have new flowers develop while the lemons are still ripening on the tree. Master Gardener Steve Albert recommends cutting the stem when harvesting lemons to avoid damaging the branch and fruit.

While 'Meyer' lemon trees stay small when grown in containers, trim and shape the branches as needed. When trimming or pruning the lemon tree and harvesting the fruits, always sterilize the blades of your pruning tools with rubbing alcohol or Lysol. Put on gloves, long sleeves and safety goggles to protect your hands and eyes from the tree's thorns.

References

  • University of Minnesota Extension: Growing Citrus Indoors
  • Oregon State University: Pucker Up, It’s Time to Talk Lemons
  • Harvest to Table: How to Plant, Grow, Prune, and Harvest Citrus

Tips

  • The cutting should root within eight weeks. Look for new foliage as a sign of rooting.

Writer Bio

Ruth de Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist and writer who focuses primarily on garden topics. She writes a weekly garden column and authored 50 Fabulous Tomatoes for Your Garden. She continues to write nonfiction articles on gardening and other topics and is working on a second "50" book about plants that attract hummingbirds.

Meyer Lemon Tree Care & Growing Guide

Growing Meyer lemon trees (Citrus × meyeri) in garden pots or the ground is a rewarding experience. Not only are they prolific fruit producers, but their showy white blossoms are incredibly fragrant and beautiful, with shiny, dark foliage that adds additional interest.

Learn How to Easily Grow Meyer Lemon Trees in Pots

Native to China, Meyer lemon trees are naturally shrub-like but can easily be pruned into true tree form. When planted in the ground, they can grow up to 10 feet tall, though when grown in garden pots they'll generally be smaller and grow accordingly with the size of the pot. Seedlings develop at a moderate pace, bearing fruit in about four years. These trees are best planted in the early spring after the danger of frost has passed. They need warm conditions year-round to produce a good harvest, or they will need to be overwintered indoors.

Similar to other citrus fruits, the fruit's skin and plant materials are toxic to dogs and cats.

What Are Meyer Lemons?

Unlike the more common Eureka and Lisbon lemons, the Meyer is actually a hybrid fruit, probably a cross between a lemon and a mandarin orange. It was brought to the U.S. in 1908 by agricultural explorer Frank Meyer. While the original hybrid from China proved to be highly susceptible to viral disease, today's form, released by the University of California in 1975, is a much improved plant. The ​Meyer lemon fruit is sweeter than the fruit of other lemon trees, and even the peels are tasty and great for cooking. They are also smaller and have a rounder shape. It is a self-pollinating tree, meaning you need only one tree in order to produce fruit.

Common Name Meyer lemon
Botanical Name Citrus x meyeri
Family Rutaceae
Plant Type Tree, shrub
Mature Size 6–10 ft. tall, 4–8 ft. wide
Sun Exposure Full, partial
Soil Type Sandy, well-draining
Soil pH Neutral, acidic
Bloom Time Fall, spring
Flower Color White
Hardiness Zones 9–11 (USDA)
Native Area China
Toxicity Toxic to pets

Meyer Lemon Tree Care

Meyer lemon tree care is an easy matter in warm climates like Florida or California, where they’re popular as low-maintenance container-grown plants both outdoors and inside. They are slightly more cold-tolerant than Eureka and Lisbon lemon trees but still need a sheltered and sunny position to thrive.

These trees don't do well in saturated conditions, so pick a spot that has excellent drainage. If you are concerned about standing water, build up a wide mound of soil to plant your tree on or position it on a slope.

The Spruce / Sydney Brown The Spruce / Sydney Brown

The Spruce / Sydney Brown

The Spruce / Sydney Brown

Light

All citrus trees love the sun, and the Meyer lemon tree is no different. It will grow and fruit best when located in full sunlight, though it can survive in a slightly shady spot. This tree prefers at least eight hours a day of direct light.

Soil

Meyer lemon trees can grow in almost any type of soil, as long as it boasts good drainage. They prefer an acidic soil pH between 5.5 and 6.5 and thrive in a loamy or sandy mixture. It's a good idea to test your soil ahead of planting to determine whether or not it needs adjusting. You can add lime to increase the soil pH or sulfur to lower it, if necessary.

Water

Proper watering is one of the keys to growing any citrus plant, particularly those grown in pots. The aim is to keep the soil of your Meyer lemon tree moist but not soggy. To determine whether it's time to water your plant, stick your finger into the soil at least up to the second knuckle. If you feel dampness at your fingertip, wait to water. If it feels dry, water your plant until you see water run out the bottom of the pot.

If your Meyer lemon tree is indoors, particularly in the winter when the heat is on, misting the leaves with water can also help keep it healthy. It's a good idea to use pot feet, which allow water to drain out of the pot and prevent the plant from becoming waterlogged.

Temperature and Humidity

Meyer lemon trees are happiest in temperatures between 50 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. That means that, unless you live in USDA growing zones 9 to 11, you should bring your tree indoors when temperatures start regularly dipping below this range. Even in zones 9 to 11, the tree should be protected when temperatures drop below freezing. Be sure to use a covering that reaches all the way to the ground to help trap the heat from the earth.

Citrus trees do best with humidity levels of 50 percent and above. If you don't have a humid enough spot indoors, fill a tray with rocks, pour water just below the top of the rocks, and place your pot on top of the rocks so that humidity will rise up around the plant. You can also consider placing a small humidifier nearby.

Fertilizer

During the growing season (early spring through fall), feed your Meyer lemon tree with either a high-nitrogen fertilizer or a slow-release all-purpose fertilizer. Typically three applications evenly-spaced throughout the growing season should be enough to keep your plant happy, growing, and producing. Citrus trees also respond well to additional feeding with a liquid fertilizer, such as compost tea, liquid kelp, or fish emulsion, but it is generally not necessary.

The common practice of feeding lemon trees with leftover coffee grounds does serve to acidify soils that are too alkaline, as well as provide some minimal nutrients. However, to be effective, the coffee grounds should be well-composted—not dumped fresh from your coffee maker onto the soil around the plant. Uncomposted coffee grounds contain too much caffeine, which can harm trees.

Pruning Meyer Lemon Trees

How you prune your Meyer lemon tree is up to you, as the tree's general shape has no bearing on its ability to produce fruit. Many gardeners prefer to prune the tree so that it has an exposed trunk and traditional shape, while others opt for a hedge-like style.

Either way, wait until the tree is between 3 and 4 feet tall before pruning. The majority of the fruit ripens in the winter, so you should wait until that process is complete before pruning. Beginning at the base, prune off any dead or dying branches, as well as any long, thin stems (which generally aren't strong enough to hold fruit). From there, you can go ahead and prune any branches that are impeding the growth of others or blocking the plant from having ample airflow.

Propagating Meyer Lemon Trees

Lemon trees are easier to propagate than some other citrus varieties. This can be done using semi-hardwood cuttings at any time of the year, but the process is most likely to succeed if the cutting is taken when the tree is in active growth. This means late spring or early summer cuttings are recommended. The cutting should be from healthy, new growth, and it shouldn't have any flowers or fruit on it. Here's how to root a new Meyer lemon tree from a cutting:

  1. Take a cutting from a mature and disease-free mother plant, ensuring the segment is at least 3 to 6 inches long.
  2. Remove all leaves, flowers, or fruit from the cutting, except for the top four leaves on the wood.
  3. Dip the cut end of the branch in a rooting hormone powder to protect against rot or disease.
  4. In a medium-sized pot (about 1 gallon), place a high-quality potting mix that has been thoroughly watered.
  5. Place the cutting into the soil mixture, making sure the cut end of the brand is buried into the soil.
  6. Cover the entire pot and cutting with a plastic bag to preserve moisture and set out in a brightly lit location. Keep the soil moist (but not soggy) and mist the cutting occasionally until it develops new roots (which typically happens in two months' time).
  7. Once roots are established, remove the plastic covering and care for your plant normally, keeping it indoors or in a sheltered location until the following spring.

Potting and Repotting Meyer Lemon Trees

When potting a Meyer lemon tree (or repotting a tree that has become too large for its container), choose a five-gallon or larger container that is at least 12 to 15 inches in height. Make sure the container has ample drainage holes.

Fill the pot partway with a potting mixture (ideally one made for citrus trees), remove the tree from its original container, and fluff the roots if they are matted. Place the tree in the center of the pot, and fill in the gaps with the potting mixture just to where the crown of the roots is still visible. Press down the soil, and water the tree immediately. Pot-grown trees will require more frequent watering than their in-ground counterparts.

Harvesting Meyer Lemons

Lemon trees grown indoors usually fruit only in the spring, while outdoor trees in warm climates will typically fruit year-round. Because citrus fruit will only continue to ripen while still on the tree, make sure to wait for your Meyer lemons to be ripe before picking.

When ripe, Meyer lemons will be an egg yolk yellow color and slightly soft to the touch. Use a knife or scissors to cut the fruit from the branch so you don't risk damaging the plant by pulling off pieces that are larger than intended.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

Meyer lemon trees—and citrus trees in general—are typical targets for a variety of pests, including whiteflies, rust mites, mealybugs, aphids, and scale. While established adult trees usually can withstand an infestation or two, smaller, more vulnerable trees can be decimated by any one of these issues. Signs of pest issues will typically appear on the undersides of leaves or on the fruit.

To control and eliminate pests issues, begin by pruning away any dead, unhealthy, or infected areas of the tree. Treat the plant by spraying it with horticultural oil, like neem oil, diluted significantly, reapplying frequently until all signs of infection have ceased.

How to Get Meyer Lemon Trees to Bloom

Though not prized for its flowers, getting your Meyer lemon tree to bloom is still incredibly important, as that's how the tree produces fruit. Meyer lemon trees do not flower for the first few years of their life, so you can start keeping an eye out for blooms around the third or fourth year. The most essential component in a blooming Meyer lemon tree is abundant light—all citrus trees need a lot of light to bloom and simply will not do so without getting at least eight hours a day. If you don't have one location in your lawn that gets that much light, consider potting your lemon tree (versus planting it in the ground) so you can move it around and "chase" the light throughout the day.

If your Meyer lemon tree is getting plenty of light but still not blooming, it's time to look to your fertilizing schedule. Fertilize your tree once a month, but no more—trees that are fertilized too much have just as hard of a time blooming as ones that are not getting fed frequently enough. Choose a fertilizer that is specifically formulated for citrus trees.

Additionally, the temperature is fairly important when it comes to getting your Meyer lemon tree to bloom. Your plant will need a brief period of cooler temperatures (around 60 degrees Fahrenheit) during the winter and early spring in order to be encouraged to bloom.

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  1. Lemon. ASPCA.

  2. Lemon. ASPCA.

home care, variety description

Lemons in apartments on windowsills are no longer considered a rarity, but in order to grow this exotic fruit, you need to know all the features of care. It is also very important for to choose the right variety , which will delight not only with its appearance, but also with tasty and juicy fruits. In this article, let's get acquainted with the Meyer lemon.

Table of contents

  • Meyer homemade lemon characteristics
  • Distines and disadvantages
  • Features of top dressing
  • Landing Rules
  • Care for lemon tree
    • Light
    • Temperature regime
    • Watering
    • 9001 Diseases and pests

    Characteristics of homemade Meyer lemon

    It is believed that Meyer lemon or Chinese lemon is a hybrid of orange and lemon , created not in scientific laboratories, but by nature itself. This variety was discovered by the American Frank Mayer, who brought it from China to America in 1908.

    Meyer Indoor Lemon

    The Chinese lemon is the smallest among the representatives of this culture and that is why it is often grown at home. The variety is characterized by good frost resistance and productivity , well tolerates not the most favorable climatic conditions.

    Maximum tree height up to 1.5 meters , oval-shaped leaves, rich green color with a characteristic sheen. The variety is remontant, that is, it blooms and bears fruit all year round and several crops with a total weight of 2-3 kilograms can be harvested in one season. The first fruits can only be harvested at the age of 2-3 years of the tree . The highest peak of flowering is observed in the spring, when white flowers are formed, collected in clusters of 6-8 pieces.

    The amount of harvest obtained directly depends on the quality of plant care.

    From the moment of formation of the ovary to the full ripening of the fruit, 8-9 months pass. Lemons of regular rounded shape can weigh from 70 to 150 grams , the skin is thin, bright yellow. The pulp is orange, sour with a slight bitterness, many tasters rate this taste as noble.

    Advantages and disadvantages

    • Mayer's lemon is not afraid of cold temperatures and can grow in almost any climatic conditions;
    • The tree itself has an excellent decorative look and can become a decoration in any room;
    • The fruits are very beautiful and at the same time delicious , which cannot but please flower growers;
    • Flowering and fruiting is continuous , so with proper care, you can harvest several crops per season.
    • In addition to all the advantages, the Chinese lemon has disadvantages, such as the need for constant and high-quality care , in the absence of which the tree can quickly get sick and die;
    • There is also a high risk of various pests ;
    • Fruit not suitable for long storage and transport over long distances.

    Feeding considerations

    Mayer lemon should be fed during flowering and fruiting

    The plant especially needs to be fed during the growing season. For this, experienced flower growers recommend once every 2 weeks from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn (while the lemon is actively blooming and bearing fruit) apply complex mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, potassium or phosphorus.

    However, there is a little trick that can be followed to improve the effectiveness of mineral fertilizers. To do this, once every 2-3 months, the soil is watered with a solution of boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, manganese or iron.

    Feeding must be stopped during the winter.

    Planting rules

    Ornamental plants are usually sold already in pots, but in order to create more comfortable conditions for it, it is necessary to transplant a lemon, while adhering to some rules.

    For young plants, the following potting mix is ​​good:

    • one part leaf soil;
    • one part sand;
    • one part of humus;
    • two pieces of sod land.

    For older lemons, the composition of the soil changes slightly:

    • one part of leaf soil;
    • one part sand;
    • one part of humus;
    • one part clay;
    • three pieces of sod land.

    Neutral acidity is preferred. When planting, you need to monitor the position of the root neck, it should be flush with the ground.

    The root neck of the Meyer lemon should be flush with the ground

    Until the lemon tree has grown to 5 years of age, it must be replanted annually , while renewing the soil and increasing the size of the previous pot by 4-5 centimeters. As soon as the plant becomes more mature, transplants are carried out once every three years, completely changing the soil mixture and, if necessary, replacing the pot.

    In no case should a small plant be planted in a large container, in which case there is a great risk of root rot.

    Caring for a lemon tree

    In order for a tree to grow strong and healthy , it must be properly cared for , while creating the most comfortable living conditions, close to the region of natural growth of such a plant. Quality care consists of several points.

    Lighting

    In order for the plant to fully bear fruit, it must be provided with intense sunlight throughout the year. The best option would be to create a 12-hour day , in such conditions the tree actively grows foliage, but if the number of light hours decreases, then there will be a risk that the lemon will drop all the green mass and simply die.

    Flower growers recommend placing a pot with a plant on a western or eastern window sill, while artificial lighting is required in winter.

    Temperature conditions

    Meyer lemon does not tolerate drafts and sudden temperature changes very well, therefore do not recommend taking the plant to an unglazed and unheated balcony or to the street.

    Meyer lemons are adversely affected by drafts and temperature fluctuations

    In summer it is important to avoid overheating, therefore, in intense sunlight and a lot of heat, it is best to slightly shade the tree so that it receives the right amount of light, but does not burn from high temperatures. The ideal indicator is 20 degrees Celsius .

    In winter, it is necessary to maintain the dormant state of the lemon tree, for this the pot is moved as far as possible from the batteries, trying to provide the plant with a comfortable temperature no higher than 12 degrees.

    Watering

    For a comfortable existence of plants, it is recommended to maintain indoor humidity at 70 percent.

    Lemon trees should be watered both root and foliar. At the same time moistening the soil and spraying the foliage with a spray bottle. In spring and summer, the procedure is repeated in the morning and in the evening every day, in the autumn and winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to 2 times a week.

    The soil ball must always be moist, drying out can lead to the death of the plant.

    Pruning

    To form a beautiful crown of a tree, you need to take care of its pruning in advance, for this you need :

    1. The stem of the seedling that has grown is shortened to a length of 20 centimeters , while leaving several developed buds in the upper part;
    2. The shoots grown from the remaining buds will become skeletal branches , 3-4 of them are the most healthy, and the rest are cut off;
    3. Skeletal branches cut to 25 centimeters ;
    4. Second order shoots must not exceed 10 centimeters;
    5. Third order - more than 5 centimeters.
    Meyer lemon pruning chart

    As soon as the 4th order shoots appear, the formation of the tree crown is considered complete . Now, every year in the spring, sanitary pruning is carried out, removing all diseased, yellowed, dried or damaged leaves.

    Propagation methods

    Meyer lemon can be propagated by seed or cuttings . It is worth noting that with the help of cuttings, you can get a good, varietal tree, and when growing a tree from a seed, there is a high risk of wild game.

    Using seeds

    • , seeds are extracted from the fruits, washed thoroughly and dried on the windowsill;
    • then moisten gauze in water , put seeds on it and put such a design in a box, while constantly maintaining the moisture content of the fabric;
    • as soon as the first sprouts appear, the seeds are transplanted into the soil adapted for young plants, while the seeds are deepened by 3-4 centimeters;
    Growing Meyer lemon from seeds
    • seedlings watered once every two days;
    • as soon as the height of the tree reaches 15 centimeters, it is transplanted into a large container .

    As soon as the thickness of the trunk is more than 8 millimeters, it is recommended to graft by any of the known methods.

    By cuttings

    • cuttings with 4-5 leaves are placed in a weak solution of manganese for 20 hours;
    • then with a crushed angle, an oblique cut is processed, all castings are removed , leaving only 3 top ones;
    • at the bottom of the pot spread drainage , then the soil mixture, sand on top, into which the plant is deepened by 2-3 centimeters;
    Propagation of Meyer lemon by cuttings
    • at the next stage I cover the pot with a glass jar or plastic bag;
    • for the best rooting, the structure is placed in a place with diffused light and regularly moisten the soil;
    • after 2-3 weeks the shelter is slowly removed , first for 2 hours, then this time is increased. Such manipulation is necessary so that the lemon can adapt to environmental conditions.

    This method of propagation will help to achieve the earliest fruiting of the plant.

    Diseases and pests

    Improper care can cause some diseases, which can be identified by the presence of the following signs :

    1. If the leaves turn lighter , this means that the tree lacks nutrients or light;
    2. If the leaves begin to wither and fall off , then the matter is a lack of moisture and you should immediately start watering and spraying the plant.
    If lemon leaves start to turn yellow, this indicates a lack of nutrients

    Lemons are also often attacked by various pests .

    1. When the spider mite settles on the plant, it begins to build webs and at the first detection of such a sign, the tree is washed under running water from the shower;
    2. If black dots-turtles appear on the leaves, these are scale insects , which a mixture of 50 milliliters of kerosene and 100 milliliters of liquid soap will help get rid of.
    Meyer lemon damaged by spider mites
    Meyer's lemon damaged by scab

    For the prevention of pests twice a year, the plant is sprayed with a solution of 2 grams of karbofos, 2 grams of celtan and a liter of water.

    Mayer's Lemon is excellent for growing indoors as an ornamental variety which also produces excellent tasting fruits. Initially, it may seem that caring for such a plant is very difficult, but if you follow all the instructions correctly, you can get a good harvest and no diseases and pests will be terrible.

    Propagation of lemon by cuttings. A photo.

    Lemon can be propagated in different ways if desired. The simplest of them is seeds. I will not be mistaken if I say that 90% of people, at least once, for the sake of experiment, planted a lemon seed. And almost always she gave a sprout, to the delight of the experimenter. But most of the time it didn't go any further. At best, a lemon grown from a stone grew, gained foliage, but did not give flowers or fruits. Yes, it's not smart. A lemon grown in this way will bloom not earlier than in 10 years, or even later. Of course, there is a way to speed it up. But that's another story. A fruit-bearing plant can only be obtained by having a cutting taken from a fruit-bearing lemon. It can be grafted onto seed-grown. But this is a difficult way that requires skills. The simplest is to plant a lemon stalk in the ground and grow a tree out of it.

    Using my plant as an example, I will show you how to do this. The technique of such reproduction of a lemon is very simple and within the power of any novice grower.

    Preparing the stem

    First of all, you need to cut the lemon stem. But at the same time, it is necessary to take into account the cyclical development of these plants. That is, regardless of the season, indoor lemon has three or even four periods of active development in a year. It was at this time that he rapidly grows foliage, blooms. The rest of the time, its development is not so noticeable and obvious. You need to cut the lemon stalk only after the end of one of these cycles. It is also highly desirable to do this after the spring cycle. Although the season for lemon propagation is not important, but in spring it is both warmer and more light, and a warm summer is ahead.

    A cutting suitable for propagation must be sufficiently developed, but not old. Its stem should be semi-woody, elastic, green. It is not necessary to cut a long stalk. It is enough that it has 3-4 sheets, in extreme cases, like mine - 5. And even then, I will delete the bottom sheet. You can immediately cut it with an oblique cut, or you can cut it after. If you combine lemon propagation with its pruning (too developed shoots), then divide the cut branch into several cuttings. At the same time, divide so that each upper cut is one and a half to two centimeters higher than the top sheet. Make the lower cut directly under the sheet (it is then removed) or under the needle (not removed).

    Use only sharp and clean (baked or rubbing alcohol) tools for work.

    To ensure that the rooted cutting of a lemon puts most of its energy into growing roots rather than growing leaves, prune them. If the upper leaves are very small, you can not touch them, cut the rest by a third, and the largest ones by half. In the photo: on the left - a lemon stalk after cutting from a tree, and on the right, prepared for planting.

    Planting a cutting of lemon

    Before planting, in order to improve and accelerate root formation, it is advisable to keep the cuttings of lemon for 8-10 hours (leave overnight) in a solution of epin, heteroauxin or any other stimulant.

    The soil for lemon propagation by cuttings should be both light, loose and nutritious. Experienced flower growers create layered soil in a pot.

    • The first layer is drainage. For it, you can use small expanded clay, vermiculite, small clay shards.
    • The second layer is nourishing. It can be made up by mixing equally sheet (forest) and sod land. Approximately one fifth of coarse sand or (preferably) one sixth of perlite is added to the resulting mixture.
    • Third layer. It is designed to retain the necessary moisture and distribute it evenly. He must also firmly hold the lemon stalk in the pot, preventing it from falling over. There are no hard and fast guidelines here. If there is sphagnum moss, it can be mixed with sand. I make it easier. On the nutrient mixture, I pour a small layer of sand, and already on it a layer of vermiculite. The result is as in the photo below.

    As for the thickness of the layers, it mainly depends on the height of the dish you use to propagate the lemon from cuttings. But in any case, the thickest layer is nutritious, it should be about two-thirds of the height of the pot or container. Before planting, the soil is moistened.

    If you are planting several cuttings in one pot at once, then plant them in such a way that there is enough space between them and they do not obscure one another.

    Caring for rooted cuttings

    After the lemon cuttings are planted, they should be lightly sprayed with water (room temperature). Now we need to create greenhouse conditions for the rooted cuttings. You can build a simple greenhouse from a plastic bag on a wire frame. In my case, I placed them under a transparent cap, where rooted violets, money tree, zamiokulkas and pachistachis already live.

    Then everything is quite simple. The place for rooting a lemon cutting should be light enough, but without prolonged exposure to direct sunlight (east window). The temperature is quite normal, room temperature (+20-25 degrees). During the entire rooting process, spray the cuttings regularly, once a day, make sure that the earth does not dry out, and periodically ventilate. Under normal conditions, after a month, or even earlier, the lemon stalk will give roots and begin to develop.

    Lemon after rooting

    A young lemon should be accustomed to room conditions gradually. Do not remove the cap immediately. Do it gradually. First, for an hour a day, then more, gradually increasing the time so that after 10 days the cap is completely removed.

    It is often advised, after rooting, to transplant a young lemon into another, permanent soil. But I do not do this and I do not advise you. Land for planting is little different from permanent land. The only thing is - a month after the rooting of the cutting, you can change the top layer (sandy) to a nutritious one. But vermiculite on top of the soil is still highly desirable.

    But a year after planting, when the lemon gets stronger and grows, it can already be transplanted into a larger, one or two centimeter pot. In the photo there are such lemons, rooted a year ago from another tree.

    With a high degree of probability, lemons that are grown from cuttings will bloom already in the year of planting, but will bear fruit not earlier than in three to four years.

    By the way. Not all citrus fruits lend themselves to this method of reproduction.


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