How to propogate fig tree


How To Start A Fig Tree From A Cutting - Rooting Figs

Fig propagation from cuttings is an economical way of obtaining new fig trees. As opposed to buying the new plant in the nursery, you can successfully transplant the old one from your or friend’s garden. In this article, I am explaining how to root your fig cuttings in a cheap and straightforward way. Instead of buying the new tree, just propagate your own – includes nearly zero cost.

My baby fig tree started from a cutting

Table of Contents

How To Propagate Fig Trees (Rooting Figs)

Can you start a fig tree from a cutting?

Yes, you can. I started with this fig tree two months ago. Although it was at the beginning of a hot and dry summer, I succeeded to propagate one fig tree out of three cuttings. It is 30 % success, and I consider it a good result.

If I started with propagation in the dormant season (winter) it would be more successful, however, achieving one out of three is also good.

My fig baby tree

How long does it take for fig cuttings to root?

Depending of season, it takes about 2 to 4 weeks for cuttings to root.

Process for How to Start a Fig Tree

Starting a fig tree from cutting is a fairly simple and straightforward process. Here is how to do it in the step – by – step guide, my simple method:

Step 1: Ideally, choose a dormant season (winter) to propagate the tree. However, if you can’t do it in the dormant season, you can also do it at any other time, with a little bit of lower success.

Step 2: Get several cuttings from your favorite fig tree. Choose branches that are young, about 1/2 to 1 cm thick, and take about 10 to 20 cm cutting. In my case, I took three very young branches, each about 0.5 cm thick and about 10 cm long. On top of each of these branches, there was one green bulb from which the leaf was expected to form.

Step 3: Cut the bottom end of the branch to about 45 degrees and place it in the small, about 10 cm wide pot filled with the compost. For this purpose, any compost would do, you don’t need special compost or soil. Instead of rooting hormone, use some of your own salivae. The depth of the hole should be about 5 cm deep. Water the pot thoroughly.

Step 4: Place the pot in the bright location but not to the direct sun and away from the direct wind. I kept my pots in the corner of the patio which was shaded for the most of the day.

Step 5: Check every day if the soil is dry and water as often as you notice the soil becomes very dry. I sprayed my cutting almost every morning but bear in mind, that was summer and soil was drying very fast.

Young leaf on the newly propagated fig tree

After about 4 weeks, the small leaf started to develop and one morning I noticed a young leaf (above photo)

Step 6: As soon as faster growth starts, move your rooted fig cuttings in larger pots.

This is currently the tiny fig tree that I moved today in the large pot. The tree grew from 4 to 8 cm high and the leaf developed and grown three times larger (see above photos), so I decided it is a time to move the tree in the larger pot.

The larger pot is now about 18 cm wide and 25 cm deep. I filled it up with a new compost, added the tree and watered it thoroughly.

Step 7: After the tree becomes stronger, wait for the dormant season (autumn or winter) and transplant the new tree outdoors, in the ground, in the sunny and shield location.

With this particular tree, I will do it in late autumn, as I feel the tree is not ready yet to endure my open field weather. This tree is still a baby, only two months old. While still in the pot, I will keep it on the patio where I can care about it easily.

Note, with this same method, you can also root figs indoors, just make sure you create an environment similar to the outdoors. Keep the fig cuttings warm and in a bright (not direct sun) window, monitor it daily and water it as much as it needs.

Can you root fig tree cuttings in the water?

Yes, you can. It is an easy process with very high success rate. Here are the details:

This is what I am currently doing – I’m rooting fig tree cuttings in the water in the winter. I made the first two episodes of the videos (see them below), the third episode is coming in few weeks when roots develop even further

How to propagate fig cuttings in water in the winter

To root fig tree cuttings in water, ideally, choose a dormant period (winter) to take cuttings off the fig tree. I usually do it at the same time as pruning my trees which is here, in the Mediterranean, in early January.

Process
  1. Select the best looking and healthy fig tree branches and cut them off the tree with clean, sanitized pruning shears.
  2. Cut branch into 2-3 pieces each consisting of at least four buds.
  3. With a sharp knife remove about 2 cm of skin (bark) from the bottom of the cutting
  4. Place the cuttings in the mason’s jar 3/4 filled with clean, ideally rainwater (for this purpose, save some rainwater if you can)
  5. Place jars indoors, near the window, out of direct sunlight
  6. Keep changing the water twice a week as cuttings need a lot of oxygen to develop roots and leaves
  7. Optional: make some homemade rooting hormone and apply it twice a week. Make sure you change the water after few hours. See my article on how to do it properly.
  8. In a few weeks, the tiny roots should emerge – > see below the progress of my cuttings
Video

Here is a video of me preparing cuttings for rooting – have a look:

Update – 3 weeks later:

After three weeks of waiting, the first signs of root emerging are visible. Here are some photos:

Above photo: Roots are starting to emerge on fig cuttings after about 3 weeksAbove photo: Buds are starting to open on fig cuttings after about 3 weeks

Update – 4 weeks later:

Above photo: A large leaf and smaller one are now developed, roots are also developing – fig cuttings after about 4 weeks

Video Update: One Month Later

Stay tuned for updates and for the next video episode on my YouTube channel.

Update – 6 weeks later:

Above photo: A large leaves and a fruits are now developed, roots are also growing – fig cuttings after about 6 weeks

Update – 45 days later:

Above photo: On three of my cuttings the roots are now well developed and they are ready for potting

The first three cuttings are ready for potting 45 days after the beginning of the propagation process.

Video Update: 45 Days Later

Here is potting video:

As you can see, to propagate fig trees is a simple process, economical and cheap, you hardly need to spend any money on it. No need for any root hormones nor fertilizers, just use the cheapest compost available and plastic pots to continue with and to increase your tree production.

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How to Propagate Fig Trees in Water (Easy Tips) – Bountiful Gardener

Figs are a staple in many gardens and for good reason. They can thrive in a variety of growing conditions, and they’re more forgiving than other fruit trees. If you have a fig tree you want to propagate, whether it’s to expand your garden, share with others, or just to use those branches after winter pruning, it’s easy to do via cuttings.

Many vegetables and herbs can be propagated by cuttings in water, including vegetables like tomatoes and peppers, and herbs like mint and thyme. Many trees can also be propagated with cuttings, and fig trees are among the easiest to root in water.

Below are tips on how to go about propagating fig trees, whether they are ornamental or fruit-bearing trees.

On this page:

Can You Root Fig Tree Cuttings in Water?

Fig cuttings can be easily rooted in water. You don’t need any special tools, only sanitized heavy-duty scissors or pruners, a cup, and some water. The whole process can take as little as three weeks, but may take more than a month.

Benefits of Rooting Fig Cuttings in Water vs. Soil

The conventional way of rooting tree cuttings, including fig trees, is in soil. However, while soil allows roots to naturally grow and spread, and there is less risk of your figs getting waterlogged roots, rooting in water has several other advantages which outweigh the cons.

  1. Rooting cuttings in water prevents your cuttings from drying out before rooting.
  2. If using clean water that’s changed every few days, there is a lower risk of your fig cuttings rotting before they can root.
  3. You can see what’s happening to your cuttings in real time, being able to see which ones have successfully rooted, as well as identify which ones are rotting and should be discarded.  
  4. Root rot is not an issue if you transplant into soil after a few healthy, strong roots have formed. Fig roots also seem to be more tolerant of growing in water for an extended period of time before transplanting.
  5. Fig cuttings root very easily in water and have a high success rate, unlike some other fruit trees (i.e. citrus trees). 

The third benefit is especially important, since there’s no guessing game as to whether your cuttings have rooted or not. Cuttings will often start growing leaves before they’ve rooted, so the only way to know for sure if propagating in soil is to see the roots growing out the bottom of a pot or digging around your cuttings to check on root growth. 

How Long Does It Take to Root Fig Cuttings in Water?

Assuming your fig cuttings don’t start rotting before they root, expect to see the first roots within 3 to 4 weeks. If it’s past 4 weeks and your fig cuttings look healthy, are putting out new growth, yet still haven’t rooted, be patient and give them more time.  

Should You Root Fig Cuttings in Summer or Winter?

The best time to take and root fig cuttings is when you prune your fig tree, which is ideally in winter when the tree is dormant. 

That said, you can take fig cuttings in summer, and the pictured rooted cutting in this article was originally cut in late September before starting to root in late October. If taking cuttings in the summer, remove any figlets (baby unripe figs) and leaves, except for any small ones just beginning to grow. Also check for and remove any pests (it helps to give cuttings a quick wash and rinse in cool or lukewarm water).

A rooted fig cutting, showing the nodes on the branch. Note the bottom (right) two nodes were kept under water, and roots are now growing out of both of them. This cutting is definitely ready for transplanting.

How to Take a Cutting from a Fig Tree

Taking cuttings from your fig tree is very easy. Below are tips on how to get through the process if you’ve never pruned a fig tree before:

  1. Sanitize your pruners or heavy-duty scissors with alcohol or soak in a 1:9 bleach-to-water solution for 30 minutes. You can also wash them with warm, soapy water, but sanitizing will greatly reduce your chance of spreading disease to your cuttings or your mother tree.
  2. Select a branch with at least two nodes, and preferably three or more. You can also cut off a longer branch and divide it into smaller cuttings of at least 4-7 inches, each with three or more nodes. A node is a “knot” in a branch where new shoots or roots will grow. Make sure there are one or two nodes lower on the branch (for root growth), and at least one near the top (for leaf growth). 
  3. Important Note: Always remember the direction of your cutting so it’s not pointing upside down while rooting. One tip is to cut the bottom at an angle and keep the top flat, that way you know which part to submerge in water.
  4. It’s recommended to take cuttings when your tree is dormant in winter, but if taking cuttings during the growing season, remove any baby figs (figlets) and leaves. New leaf growth will occur at the nodes.
  5. Wash and rinse your cuttings in cool or lukewarm soapy water. This optional step will help remove any pests on the branch. Some fig growers also give the branches a quick 10- to 30-second dip in 1:9 bleach-to-water solution to also kill off any fungal spores on the surface. If you have a problem with fig cuttings rotting before they root, you can try a brief bleach solution soak.

Pro-Tip: Take several cuttings to help guarantee success. You can also keep multiple cuttings in the same cup while they root.

How Much Water Is Needed to Root a Fig Cutting?

You only need enough water to cover at least one node on a fig cutting. However, keeping two nodes submerged in water and at least one node above the water will ensure you always have at least one node constantly wet. 

Change the water every few days to reduce the chance of your cuttings rotting. 

Light Requirements for Propagating Fig Trees

Indirect light, such as next to a window or on the kitchen counter, is more than sufficient for rooting fig cuttings. Fig trees are shade tolerant, and although they grow best and fruit more in full sun, cuttings require very little light to survive. 

After you’ve rooted and transplanted your fig cuttings, you can place them in partial sun or ideally full sun. Fig trees also thrive under grow lights.

When and How Should You Transplant Rooted Fig Tree Cuttings?

As long as a fig cutting has several healthy, long roots, it’s safe to transplant. Avoid transplanting when there are only one or two roots, or if the roots are still very small. 

The safest way to transplant a cutting while minimizing damage to roots is to backfill around the roots with soil or potting mix. Start by filling up the bottom of your pot, then place your cutting in the pot, holding it up with one hand while pouring soil or potting mix around it until you’ve completely covered the roots.

After transplanting, water thoroughly to reduce transplant shock.

How Long Does It Take for a Fig Cutting to Fruit?

If growing fig trees for production, expect a good crop within 3 to 5 years from rooting your cutting. However, you don’t have to wait that long to get any figs. Fig cuttings can produce figs within 2 years. It just takes a few years more to grow large enough to produce a more substantial harvest.

 

Conclusion

Fig trees are very easy to propagate in water. As long as you use clean pruners, take multiple cuttings, and ensure at least one node is submerged in fresh water (and that the cuttings are not upside down!) you’ll be multiplying your fig harvests within a few short years. And propagated figs make great gifts for friends and family.

How to propagate fig stalk at home?

Today nothing is impossible for gardening enthusiasts. If desired, they can grow outlandish trees and bushes, as soon as they catch fire with desire, even exotic subtropical plants will bear fruit. In many ways, the secret is simple - diligence and knowledge of the basics of plant farming, for example, to grow a fig tree, you just need to receive a fig stalk by mail. And these are not empty words, in the Soviet Union it was known about 12 varieties of figs of local selection, and all thanks to amateur gardeners who managed to grow it even in the harsh conditions of the north.

Content

  • General information about culture and advantages of growing
  • Features of figs of figs of figs
  • Green cuttings
  • lignified cuttings
  • Methods and planting technologies
  • TRAING POSSISITION
  • Planting in the Yama
  • ,000 9000 Updomes shelter for the winter

General information about the culture and the benefits of growing

Initially, the birthplace of the fig tree or fig was the subtropical areas of the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, this plant, by the way, still grows wild in Lebanon, Syria, Turkey. In Europe, it is grown on an industrial basis and is one of the most sought-after crops in the export of Greece, Italy, and the countries of the Caucasus.

The fig grows in the form of a tree, it usually reaches a height of 4-8 meters. It has a large crown and a developed root system. The quality of the soil is undemanding, prefers loam with a high percentage of humus. Begins to bear fruit from 2-3 years of age. It reaches its maximum productivity by the age of 50 and does not reduce it for 30-35 years, giving up to 100 kg of fruit per year. Under favorable conditions, it gives 2 crops per year. Life expectancy up to 200 years. Figs are propagated both by cuttings and in the traditional way - by seeds and root shoots.

Pollination in natural conditions is carried out by a small wasp only 2.5 mm long, and in greenhouse conditions the cultivation of plants of the parthenocarp type, self-pollinating is recommended.

Despite the fact that the fig tree is native to the tropics, the plant withstands frosts down to -12 degrees, which makes the cultivation of figs attractive in the southern regions.

Propagation of figs by cuttings

In an individual farm, cultivation requires constant care - the tree must be covered for the winter, protected from cold winds and icing. The plant reproduces well with the help of cuttings, so you can lay a garden already 3-4 years after planting the first sample.

Propagation of figs by cuttings

Care of home fig plantation usually starts in spring with spring pruning. It does not differ from the usual care of the orchard, so fig tree pruning can be included in the overall work plan. True, there is one detail, the cut stalk should not be thrown away, this is also an excellent planting material.

Cuttings are made in the form of a segment with 3-4 live buds. The total length of the cutting is 15-17 cm. After harvesting the material, it is germinated in greenhouse conditions and prepared for planting in the natural environment. An important condition for growing material suitable for planting is that the plant successfully endures wintering, the critical temperature below which the tree, as a rule, cannot be saved is -25 degrees.

Grown green cuttings and cuttings with already woody bark are suitable for further planting.

Propagation by green cuttings

During spring pruning, green cuttings are harvested. They must be healthy, not have visible damage from sub-zero temperatures. It is recommended to cut off only healthy tips of branches, with three to four bud nodes.

Fig cuttings to be prepared before planting:

  • The cut edge is cut at a 45 degree angle;
  • Milky juice is released from it, for germination, you need to let it go for 4-6 hours;
  • After that, the branch is placed for 4-6 hours in a dark, cool place.

Simultaneously preparing soil for planting:

  • A mixture of 3 parts of garden soil and 1 part of sifted river sand is made;
  • The resulting mixture is fried in the oven or steamed for 2-3 hours at a temperature not lower than 100 degrees;
  • Cool the resulting soil mixture and prepare containers - plastic cups or seedling molds with drainage;
  • A little wood ash is taken as a disinfectant;
  • Preparing a solution of heteroauxin or a preparation for strengthening and germinating the root system - root.

Planting is carried out at room temperature after the stalk has been lowered 2/3 for 30-40 minutes into a solution of root or heteroauxin. The cut edge is then dipped into the ashes and sprinkled with cooled prepared soil. The seedling is held so that the angle of inclination is about 30 degrees, after which it is backfilled with soil, the top layer of 1-2 cm is made of sand, this will facilitate the penetration of oxygen into the soil mixture and prevent the formation of a dry crust.

A glass with a fig cutting is covered with a cut transparent plastic bottle - such a small greenhouse will allow the buds to grow faster. The temperature of the greenhouse content is + 22-26 degrees.

The most favorable time for harvesting green cuttings is the period of bud swelling.

Woody cuttings

Woody cuttings are harvested during autumn pruning. To do this, lignified cuttings 20-25 cm long are harvested. The storage technology is similar to how grape cuttings are stored - the branches are neatly tied into a bundle and wrapped with 2-3 layers of burlap. After that, the beam is placed in a wooden box and sprinkled with prepared sand. Ordinary sand is poured over with boiling water and dried in the sun. This technique allows you to save planting material from mold and rot.

The formation of the root system of seedlings with proper agricultural technology ends in 2.5-3 months

The box with seedlings is placed in the cellar, where it is stored at a temperature of 2 to 5 degrees Celsius all winter. It is recommended to moisten the sand once a month, not to fill it with water, namely to moisten it by pouring 1 glass of water per 10 kg of sand.

With the onset of March, the cuttings are taken out and prepared for planting. The technology is similar to how green seedlings are planted, the only difference is that for better germination, the lower end is cut off by 1-2 cm. Along the seedling, in this part, cuts are made in the bark 1-1.5 cm long of small depth, no need to cut to wood, you just need to cut the bark. After that, soaking in heteroauxin lasts at least 1. 5 hours before planting in a container with soil.

The formation of the root system of seedlings with proper agricultural technology ends 2.5-3 months after planting in a container.

Methods and technologies for planting in open ground

Since it is unlikely that a full-fledged tree can be grown at low temperatures, figs can be propagated by properly organizing its planting in open ground. For permanent planting, two main methods are used - trench planting and planting in holes.

Trench planting

Planting in a trench makes it possible to ensure the normal growth of the plant and its formation in the form of a perennial bush. For planting, a trench comes off with a depth of 1-1.2 meters. The walls of the trench are made of different slopes: the northern one is steep with an angle of inclination of 85-90 degrees, the southern one is up to 30 degrees. This is due to the fact that in spring, with such a steepness of the walls of the trench, the soil warms up better.

Draft is done in holes 50-60 cm deep at the bottom of the trench. The bottom is covered with expanded clay, or broken bricks.

Attention! Chipped concrete should not be used for drainage, it negatively affects the root system of the fig tree.

Trench planting of figs

Drainage is sprinkled with a layer of sand 4-5 cm and a soil mixture of earth and sand in a ratio of 3:1. The seedling is taken out of the container and placed on the bottom of the hole. The hole is filled with a mixture of earth and sand. Later, it is recommended to reinforce the northern wall with clay mortar brickwork - this will improve the drainage of the trench and provide oxygen to the soil. The distance between plants in the trench is 0.8-1 meter.

Planting in pits

When planting in pits, the bush is formed in a depression relative to the main surface of the soil. The diameter of the pit is 1.2-1.5 meters, the slope of the walls is preferably the same as in the trench method. The bottom of the landing hole is made with drainage, and the walls are laid out with brick or sandstone. After planting, the underbarrel part is mulched.

Care and shelter for the winter

In summer, watering and top dressing are the main agricultural practices. Watering is carried out for the first time under the root in a volume of 10-12 liters of warm water. In the future, if the weather is hot, watering should be done daily in the amount of 10-15 liters. Top dressing is done with a solution of manure or saltpeter under the root, followed by mulching 1 time in 2 weeks.

When propagating figs by cuttings in the year of planting, the plant can reach a height of 1 meter. By autumn, it is necessary to make a shelter for the winter.

For this, with the trench method, protective arcs are made similar to those made for a greenhouse, and for pit plantings, a spider wire frame with 4 or 6 legs is made.

A seedling grown from a cutting at home is cut off and wrapped with agrofibre when the first cold weather arrives. In 2-3 layers with a small air gap. The second layer of spunbon is covered over the frame. The resulting cocoon is fixed with wire, and along the edges it is additionally sprinkled with a layer of soil.

It is not necessary to cover with polyethylene, in the southern regions this can cause fungal infections, and in the northern regions condensation will form during thaws.

growing at home, propagation

Lovers of home ornamental plants grow various exotic plants, such as lemons, persimmons, pomegranates, bananas, murayu, feijoa, pineapples, avocados, including the fig tree, or rather - figs. Naturally, it will not be possible to completely solve the problem of providing the population with overseas fruits, but in part it is quite possible.

Despite the fact that figs are much rarer than lemons, tangerines or pomegranates, they can please others with their fruits. Fig home is the closest relative of the ficus and also grows in height and has a lush crown, which is easy to form in the process of growth.

Maintenance

  • 1 Growing figs at home
    • 1.1 Fruiting
    • 1.2 Watering
    • 1.3 Soil
    • 1.4 Fig tree propagation
    • 1.5 Formation of the Croese
  • 9000 ”, “Sunny”, etc. They can easily please with their fruits, the size of a walnut and very pleasant in taste. The taste of the fruit is unforgettable and certainly pushes the desire to have such a tree at home.

    If someone wants to get a special decorative effect and rapid flowering from this plant, then this is a serious mistake. The process of the appearance of fruits in this tree is peculiar and is not accompanied by rapid flowering. The fruits appear in the axils of the leaves, gradually increase in growth, while changing their color from green to dark purple. Dark purple color indicates fruit ripening.

    Despite the fact that the fig is thermophilic, it feels great in a city apartment, with dry air and average temperature conditions. In winter, it should be moved to the area of ​​​​the south window, and in the summer, the east window will also suit him.

    Fruiting

    The fruiting cycle of figs stretches for half a year: at the initial stage, the plant acquires leaves, after which fruits are tied in the axils of these leaves and ripen. After that, the tree sheds its leaves and goes into dormant mode, lasting up to 3 months. If this plant is provided with certain conditions associated with the presence of good lighting, then the fig tree can bear fruit all year round and will only drop leaves and rest from time to time.

    Watering

    Fig tree prefers moderate watering to keep the soil from drying out. In winter, watering can be limited to the level of watering through the pan. During the period of fruiting and active development, it is recommended to fertilize with complex mineral fertilizers, although the tree does not suffer much even without fertilizing.

    Soil

    For plants, purchased from a flower shop. It should be intended for the cultivation of decorative leafy plants.

    Propagation of the "fig tree"

    Propagation of figs is carried out using cuttings. To do this, cuttings are cut off, which have 3-4 buds and are placed in water or wet sand to form roots, after which they can be planted in pots. With this method of reproduction, figs will bear fruit in six months. If it is propagated by seeds, then the fruits can be seen only for 4-5 years of life. Therefore, figs propagate by seeds only in extreme cases.

    Propagation of figs by cuttings.


    Watch this video on YouTube

    Crown formation

    The plant responds gratefully to pruning, so there are no restrictions in this regard.

    Useful properties of figs

    Figs are not only useful, but also have a pleasant taste. The fruits of the plant grown at home are very useful.

    Figs contain a lot of potassium, which helps to improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system, even if you eat no more than two fruits a day.

    The fruits of the "fig tree" contain substances that thin the blood, which is a prophylaxis against the formation of blood clots. It can help with anemia, as well as diseases of the urinary tract and the formation of kidney stones. It can be stated as a fact - the ability of figs to cure cancer.

    If the fruits of figs are boiled in milk, and the resulting drink is consumed 100 g three times a day, then diseases of the upper respiratory tract can be treated.

    Fig fruits can be used to make jam, which improves metabolism and digestion.

    Fig jam diluted with water can be used as a laxative, especially for children.

    In this case, you can use not only the fruits of the "fig tree", but also other parts of it, and especially the juice. With it, you can get rid of acne, heal wounds, get rid of pustules and even treat skin cancer.

    Naturally, each treatment with the use of such drugs requires consultation with doctors. Self-medication can lead to unpredictable consequences. It is necessary to study all contraindications very well, since any drug has them. Fig fruits contain a lot of sugar, which means that for people with diabetes, figs are contraindicated. It is not recommended to use it as a medicine for people who are overweight, as well as people who have a disrupted normal digestion process.

    It is very interesting to watch how the “fig tree” grows, how a plant with many leaves grows from a small cutting in two months, and already during this period fruits begin to set. Not a single tree is capable of this, because you have to wait at least 2 years for flowering and fruiting, and this is in the most successful scenario.

    From this point of view, the fig is a unique tree, despite the fact that it is not very decorative, but practicality and usefulness are in the first place.

    The fig is one of the most ancient plants cultivated by humans. To this day, it is grown as a valuable fruit plant. It can be found in Georgia, Armenia, Mediterranean countries, on the Absheron Peninsula, in the Carpathians, etc.


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