How to protect pear trees from frost


How to Protect Fruit Trees from Late Frost

Ah, springtime. The sun’s peeking out more often, the birds are back to singing their morning tunes, and your trees are ever so slowly sprouting new flowers and fruits.

And then...the temperature takes a turn. A late freeze in spring is troublesome for all trees, but fruit trees are especially vulnerable.

That’s why it’s important to keep an eye on the forecast and take quick action to protect your trees if a spring freeze is expected. Read below to learn how to protect fruit trees from frost.

How to protect fruit trees from late frost

Some fruit trees tolerate the cold better than others, but all need to be shielded from potential frost damage. Here’s how to shelter fruit trees from frost:

  • How to protect citrus trees from a late frost: Citrus trees are certainly the most fragile of the bunch. To protect smaller trees, put stakes in the ground around the tree and drape it with a sheet, burlap, fruit tree frost blanket, plastic, or other cloth during the day before the freeze. Make sure the cover goes all the way to the ground. A cover is used to hold heat around the tree.
  • How to protect peach trees from a late frost: You can also use a sheet or blanket on your peach trees. Just like with citrus, cover during the day so heat can build up before a nighttime freeze.
  • How to protect apple trees from a late frost: Compared to other fruits, apple trees can actually handle the cold quite well. Still, you should shield them with a cover.

According to the University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, you should keep mulch, ground covers, and weeds away from the ground around the trees as much as possible because bare, moist soil radiates more heat than mulched soil. It is also recommended to water trees before a potential freeze because water gives off heat and helps protect the trees. But if a severe freeze is expected, make sure the soil has good drainage and run a sprinkler slowly or furrow-irrigate through the night.

For additional tips and information, contact us. We are here to help and answer your questions.

At what temperature should you cover fruit trees?

Plan to cover your tree whenever the temperature is expected to drop below 32 degrees F.

What fruit trees survive cold weather?

While no fruit trees are made for the cold, your Plant Hardiness Zone can help you determine which ones are best suited to survive the elements in your area.

For example, lemon trees are super sensitive to cold weather, so they need to be planted in zones 9-11, which corresponds with warm areas like Florida, California, or Texas. On the other hand, many pear trees actually need a cooler winter to come out strong in spring, so they’re best suited for cooler planting zones 4-8.

Find out your planting zone to see what fruit trees grow best in your area.

Factors affecting freeze damage to fruit trees

Unfortunately, some fruit trees that are caught off guard by a late frost may lose their fresh blooms and not sprout again until the next spring season. But that depends on a lot, including:

  • The age of the tree. Frost can be much more detrimental to young trees than to mature ones.
  • The stage of growth. Unopened tree buds are often equipped to handle the cold, but once a tree starts blooming, a late freeze becomes more dangerous.
  • The length of the freeze. Some trees will bounce back if there's just one frost scare in spring, but if freezing weather drags on, it will be harder for the tree to survive.

If you’re concerned about the health of your fruit tree after a late frost, have your local arborist check it out.

Wondering what happens if trees bud too early? Read about it here.

 

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Topics:

  • Fruit Trees
  • Tree Protection

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Preparing fruit trees for winter in five easy steps

Painting the trunks of your fruit trees with diluted white latex paint will help to protect them from sun damage during the bright winter months. Photo credit: OrchardPeople.com

As the weather gets colder, fruit tree growers start preparing their fruit trees for winter. That is because unprotected fruit trees are vulnerable to frost damage. And frost damage can take a toll on the health of your tree in the long run. 

Some of us have planted our fruit trees directly into the ground. Others plant them in raised beds or in permanent outdoor pots. Either way you need to take steps towards preparing your fruit trees for winter and we will discuss that in this article.

How to Prepare Fruit Trees for Winter & Winter Fruit Tree Care 🍎 🌳 ☃️ #fruittree


Watch this video on YouTube

Watch this 3 minute video for a quick summary on preparing fruit trees for winter.

why preparing fruit trees for winter is important

One of our main challenges in preparing fruit trees for winter is protecting fruit trees roots from winter frost damage.

The reason is that those roots are essential for all the tree’s key functions:

  • In the summer, tree roots bring water and nutrients in from the soil and draw those nutrients up into the tree.
  • In the fall, all the nutrients and energy produced by the leaves are drawn back into the roots for winter storage. Those nutrients will help keep the dormant fruit tree alive until spring.

So, what happens if your fruit tree's roots freeze during the winter? If the roots freeze, they will die. And when the roots die, your tree will no longer have access to stored nutrients. So your tree will become malnourished and may eventually die.

Winter cold can also cause cracks in tree trunks and broken branches and all can be entry points for pests and diseases. So preparing our fruit trees for winter is incredibly important. How do we do this? Read on to find out.

One way to prepare fruit trees for winter is by mulching your tree with straw. This helps insulate your fruit tree's roots, protecting them from freezing during the winter. Frozen roots die and can no longer supply water and nutrients to the tree.

five easy ways to prepare your fruit trees for winter

There are five easy ways to protect your fruit tree from winter damage.

  1. Do not prune your trees in the fall. If you do, it may spur branch growth (learn more about when to prune fruit trees here) and tender young branches can break during a winter frost.
  2. During the summer, paint your tree's trunk with a 50:50 mix of white latex paint and water. Allow the paint to dry. This white coating will protect your fruit tree from sunburn! During the winter, bright sunlight reflected on snow can result in a crack in the bark on the sunny side of your tree. This damage can be an entry point for pests and diseases.
  3. Meticulously clean up all fallen fruit and leaves from around the base of your tree in the fall. If the fruit and leaves have any sign of pest or disease damage, they must be removed from the site. Why? Well, pests and diseases will overwinter in the leaf litter and come back to haunt you and your fruit tree next year!
  4. Mulch your trees to ensure their roots are insulated from winter cold. Use mulches that decompose slowly like composted wood chips or straw. Avoid using compost or rotted manure as it will give your tree a burst of energy and may delay dormancy. Learn more about mulches here.
  5. When mulching your tree, ensure that the mulch does not touch the bark of the tree at all. Place the mulch in a circle or donut shape around your tree, leaving up to six inches mulch free next to the trunk. Piling mulch up against the trunk can cause the bark to rot.

Sign up for our monthly newsletter and we will send you our eBook "Growing Fruit Trees That Thrive." You can unsubscribe at any time.

special considerations for preparing potted fruit trees for winter

If "in ground" fruit trees can be susceptible to winter damage, potted fruit trees are even more vulnerable! Trees in the ground are partially insulated in the soil. We are just protecting the roots in the top few inches of the soil because they are more exposed to the cold.

But potted fruit trees are popular in landscape design today and those trees need more help in terms of winter insulation. Here's how you can protect them.

Potted fruit trees left outside in cold climates need to be insulated to protect their roots from freezing winter temperatures. The first step is to surround the pot with chickenwire. Next you'll fill that frame with straw. Photo credit: OrchardPeople.com

So, what is the solution? During a recent class on preparing your fruit trees for winter at Evergreen Brickworks in Toronto, we insulated and winterized the site's potted fruit trees in three steps. Here are the tools we needed:

  • A roll of chickenwire that’s about as high as the pot your fruit tree is planted in
  • Wire cutters
  • A bit of extra wire to seal the wire circle
  • A bale of straw (not hay, because hay has seeds and can introduce weeds into your garden)

three steps to preparing potted fruit trees from winter damage

These are the steps for protecting an outdoor potted fruit tree from winter damage:

  1. Roll out the chicken wire in a circle around your pot, leaving about six inches of space between the chicken wire circle and the pot itself (as illustrated in the photograph above).
  2. Cut the chicken wire to size and secure the chicken wire. Used bits of extra wire to secure the circular chicken wire fence.
  3. Stuff the space between the pot and the chicken wire with straw. Put some straw at the top of the pot to insulate the soil from the top as well (as illustrated in the photograph below).
Susan Poizner (kneeling on the left) with the volunteers from Evergreen Brickworks, posing with their newly insulated potted tree.

In the spring, when the weather starts to get warmer, you will remove the straw and the chicken wire. Spread the straw out in your vegetable garden or around fruiting trees and shrubs that are planted in the ground. It will now act as nutritious mulch that helps retain moisture in your soil and slowly decomposes, releasing valuable nutrients into the soil. Save the chickenwire so that you can use it to insulate your potted tree next year.

Interested in learning more about how to grow organic fruit trees successfully? Check out my premium online courses at Learn.OrchardPeople.com.

Protecting our Blossoming Apricot Trees from Frost Damage with Tarps #fruittrees


Watch this video on YouTube

Fruit trees rarely need to be covered over the winter. But if a tree blooms in the early spring and a frost is forecast, it may need to be covered temporarily to protect the blossoms from freezing. If the blossoms die in a frost, then the tree will not produce fruit that year. Learn more in this video.
Susan Poizner

Director, OrchardPeople.com Fruit Tree Care Education Online

Susan Poizner is an urban orchardist in Toronto, Canada and the author of Grow Fruit Trees Fast and Growing Urban Orchards. Susan trains new growers worldwide through her award-winning fruit tree care training program at Orchardpeople.com. Susan is also the host of The Urban Forestry Radio Show and Podcast and an ISA Certified Arborist.

How to cover a pear seedling for the winter. How and how to cover a pear

Contents

  1. How to cover a pear seedling for the winter. How and how to cover a pear
  2. How to protect young trees in winter. Reliable methods of protection
  3. How to cover cherries for the winter. Shelter for trees
  4. How to cover seedlings for the winter. Why cover an apple tree?
  5. How to insulate young seedlings for the winter. How to insulate apple trees for the winter: we cover seedlings
  6. How to cover a cherry seedling for the winter. Autumn preparation procedures

How to cover a pear seedling for the winter. How and how to cover a pear tree

You will need:

  • Brushwood
  • Boards
  • Weight
  • Hooks, sticks and poles

1 Such especially heat-loving trees as pears need to be carefully protected from cold and frost in winter. Since the pear belongs to the slate type of trees, its trunk must be carefully covered from snow and winter cold. It is necessary to start preparing a pear for wintering already in October, with the advent of the first cold nights.

2 In mid-October, it is necessary to remove the stands from the pear. Let the branches lie as close to the ground as possible. A load can be placed on top of the pear branches so that it bends them closer to the surface of the earth. It can be, for example, sand poured into garden boxes. How to cover a pear for the winter? As a worthy alternative, you can also use vegetable tops.

3 It should be placed on the branches in a middle layer and covered with earth on top. To make the branches bend better, you can bring sticks or stakes under them, drive special hooks into the ground, which will pick up the stakes and press the branches to the ground more thoroughly. When thinking about how to prepare a pear for winter, we must not forget that the first snow will be an excellent blanket for a pear.

4 But to keep this blanket warm, you need to sprinkle pear branches with leaves and small brushwood. When enough snow falls, it is taken from all over the site to cover the lowered pear branches with it. For the whole winter, the pear should remain in a snow shelter. But vertical branches that have not been pruned do not need to be covered. Shelters are removed from trees in the spring, when quite warm days come.

5 It's a good idea to grow a dwarf pear rootstock. In recent years, many gardeners have begun to plant such miracle trees in their backyards. But this tiny tree should not be considered useless. Firstly, they tolerate cold better, and secondly, they bear fruit no worse than their tall counterparts. But they need to be covered with snow in winter, as their roots are not particularly frost-resistant.

Pear is considered by gardeners to be a more capricious tree than, for example, an apple tree. Therefore, when preparing for the winter, she has to pay more attention. But with good care and observance of all the rules of cultivation, it may well produce a crop even in risky farming areas. Remove all dried and rotten fruits still remaining on the branches, collect and carry away the carrion from the site. Fallen leaves are raked and burned or composted.

How to protect young trees in winter. Reliable methods of protection

Almost any material can be used to protect barrels from rodents. You just need to remember that between the bark and the “non-breathing” shelter material, for example, roofing felt, you need to make a layer of burlap so that the seedling does not sag. Therefore, I personally do not really welcome this method.

In our time, a plastic mesh with a small cell, about 6x8 mm, has appeared ... Here you can also wrap the barrel with it. Rodents will not get through it to the bark, it allows the plant to breathe, lets in light and preparations for processing, shades a little, but ... it is not so convenient to wrap skeletal branches with it, like tights :))))

If snow falls in winter, it would be good to throw additional snow on the tree trunks from paths or areas that simply do not need additional shelter. The snow itself under the trees and bushes is a good idea to trample and compact. This will make it more difficult for rodents to make holes in the snow and slow down its melting in the spring. This is important because the warm sun can melt the snow, and frost will hit at night. It's good if it's small. But we don't know which one.

In addition, compacted snow will bring additional moisture to the soil during the melting. And if you also scatter mineral fertilizers on frozen-thawed soil in the spring, then they will fall directly into the area of ​​​​absorbent roots with water.

Whitewashing will also help protect tree trunks from rodents. They do not like strong chemical odors. Such a whitewash is prepared from clay and mullein 1: 1, adding a spoonful of turpentine or carbolic acid. True, such whitewashing makes it a little difficult for plants to breathe. Therefore, it is better to dilute 5 g of carbolic or creolin in a liter of water and saturate sawdust with it, which are then laid out in tree trunks. Well, mice do not like this smell!

Protecting apple trees from damage by rodents is the main and important task for every gardener. In addition to hares and wild rabbits, mice cause great damage to the future crop. Often, animals gnaw on young bark, nutritious and easily accessible, and the roots of fruit trees, in late winter - early spring. We will talk about how to protect apple trees, and what to do if the mice have already gnawed them, in the article.

Why do mice like to gnaw on the bark of fruit trees in winter? Since in the presence of low temperature indicators on the street, rodents are busy looking for food. They are able to gnaw apple trees only on one side or along the entire diameter of the trunk. This is very dangerous for young crops. Since, if the “clothes” are gnawed along the entire length, it is almost impossible to save the tree. Roots are also very loved by mice, damage to which also poses a threat to the life of the fruit crop.

To protect trees from rodent attacks in winter, preventive maintenance is carried out in advance. It includes autumn collection of leaves, weeds and debris, which can lead to pests. Even before winter, you should dig up the entire garden or the ground around the crown of each tree. The depth of digging is observed so as not to damage the state of the root system. At the end of autumn or at the beginning of winter, trees should be wrapped with protective material.

This is done in the trunk area - from the ground to the branches. White burlap (aka a plastic bag), agrofibre, even nylon stockings can serve as a protective material. Choose light-colored materials to reduce barrel heat on sunny days. You can not wrap straw around apple trees or other organic materials that contribute to the establishment of mice in them. Rodents do not tolerate loud sounds, so the use of plastic bottles will be an excellent prevention.

They are cut and hung on horticultural crops. After a big snowfall, you should trample down the snow near each tree, because rodents get to the apple trees along it. And so you complicate the task of pests.

How to cover cherries for the winter. Shelter of trees

Preparing sweet cherries or cherries for winter in the middle lane with a strong drop in temperature, especially in Siberia or the Urals, includes the gradual transfer of the tree to a creeping form. To do this, pruning is carried out using a special technology, and for the winter period, the branches are bent to the ground, covered with a film, and spruce branches are thrown on top. Snow will be the main insulation, and it is necessary to ensure that its layer is sufficient - about 30-40 cm.

Young plants throughout the middle lane require shelter for wintering, as they can not tolerate frosts below -25 ° C. You should start by cleaning the bark from diseased areas, pour a 20-30 cm layer of soil, humus, needles or sawdust under the base of the trunk . For insulation, the trunks are wrapped with breathable material, for example, burlap or agrofibre. The material is fixed with an embankment of soil.

Fruit trees are also covered to protect them from rodents that like to eat the bark of young sweet cherries. To discourage animals from hunting, the trunk should be whitewashed, and pegs should often be driven around the trunk.

When insulating cherries, space should be left between the wood and the covering material so that the air mass can circulate inside. If this condition is not met, a lack of oxygen can cause plant diseases.

Warming trees and following the rules of wintering makes it possible to grow cherries outside the greenhouse, even in cold regions.

The yield of the fruit crop cultivated on the plot depends on the observance of the cultivation agrotechnics. Ignorance or lack of experience in preparing plants for wintering can lead to loss of fruiting or even death of a fruit tree. From our article today, you will learn how to cover cherries for the winter in various climatic zones.

One of the reasons for poor fruiting or complete lack of harvest of stone fruits is improper wintering. Unlike cherries, peach and cherry trees are characterized by poor winter hardiness and relatively low endurance in relation to various precipitation and air temperature changes. These fruit crops are often called southern because they are suitable for a mild and warm climate.

According to the descriptions of varietal characteristics of fruit crops, sweet cherries have different degrees of frost resistance. For example, the average winter hardiness of a cherry tree is -27 ° C, while the fruit buds freeze when the air temperature drops to -18 ° C and below. You can prevent the freezing of the orchard by choosing the right planting material. For the northern and central regions, including the Moscow region, the following winter-hardy varieties of sweet cherries are suitable: Bryanskaya pink, Tyutchevka, Lyubimitsa Astakhova, Astakhov's Memory, Odrinka, Ovstuzhenka, Veda, Italianka, Fatezh, Sadko, Raditsa, Revna, Iput, etc.

When choosing a seedling, you need to carefully study its characteristics. Unfortunately, situations are not uncommon when fruit crops of different winter hardiness are crossed during vaccination. At the same time, the graft was taken from a frost-resistant crop, and the stock was taken from a more heat-loving variety. Such a young seedling will not cope even with the first wintering.

How to cover seedlings for the winter. Why cover an apple tree?

Winter is a period of cold and frost. Trees at this moment fall into hibernation, but this does not mean at all that their growth and development have stopped. All processes have been preserved, only they are much slower than in spring or summer.

It is very important to cover and protect tree seedlings, because:

  • trees are very weak in winter. They spend their preparation for going to sleep during the summer, because they know what awaits them in the winter. Already in June, flower buds are laid for next summer. And at the end of summer, the apple tree and other fruit trees stop growing. This is due to the fact that all the necessary and useful trace elements go down to the roots for their nourishment and preservation. Young shoots during this period begin their lignification. In case of improper feeding or untimely watering, the tree continues to grow and develop, and this will have a bad effect on it: the cold will simply destroy future buds. And next summer the tree will grow sickly. The apple tree will not have time to prepare: the trunk and roots will be damaged, and they simply cannot survive the winter. It is especially important to cover seedlings. They are not yet fully developed and their system is not ready for the coming of winter. They are more prone to freezing. Here you need to think about how to protect the branches and roots, and not just the trunk. It is not necessary to cover an adult tree in this way. Only the barrel needs to be protected;
  • columnar and dwarf varieties should be covered more carefully. These types of apple trees are created with the help of breeding work, and are hybrid forms. They are practically unable to survive the cold and frost. True, there are varieties that were created specifically for areas where winter is very cold and long. Basically, columnar varieties are not able to protect themselves from lowering the temperature regime;
  • Pests visit the gardens very often during the winter in search of food. They are especially attracted to fruit trees. Their bark contains the necessary amount of vitamins. Therefore, hares and mice use their beneficial properties to overwinter. Most often, young plants suffer from rodents. Young bark is better and softer.

How to insulate young seedlings for the winter. How to insulate apple trees for the winter: we cover seedlings

Sheltering apple tree seedlings is distinguished by its specifics. With the wrong shelter, the tree can simply die. If apple tree seedlings are planted for the winter, they are covered according to the same principle as young trees, but the trunk and crown will require shelter. Before winter, only frost-resistant varieties of apple trees can be planted; if you plan to plant seedlings of other varieties, it is recommended to postpone planting until spring. How to keep seedlings in winter until spring? For this, two methods are used.

  1. The first way. You need to choose a dry, calm place on the site. Dig a groove about 50 cm deep, about 35 cm wide. Dip apple seedlings with roots in a clay mash, then place in a groove. Sprinkle the roots with peat with humus, cover with a layer of agrofiber and dry spruce branches on top. In winter, you need to make sure that the groove is completely covered with a layer of snow. In the spring, when the sun begins to bake, it is necessary to start removing the protection, especially for snow, so that thin twigs are not damaged under its weight. The protection should be removed gradually, being careful not to return frosts.
  2. The second way. Choose a dry place, prepare the soil. Add sand to loamy soil, peat or humus to sandy soil. Dig carefully. Dig a groove from west to east. Carefully fold the seedlings into the groove, making sure that the slope is towards the south, this will provide protection from sunburn. Sprinkle with earth. Water the soil, spread the means to repel rodents around the groove. It can be branches of wild rose, blackberry. In the spring, you need to make sure that there is not a lot of snow around the groove, otherwise the seedlings will get wet. Excess snow at the end of winter is removed as needed.

How to cover a cherry seedling for the winter.

Autumn preparations

When exactly should you start preparing cherries for winter? Such training is not considered mandatory for every region. In mild climates and snowy winters, it is not at all necessary to cover and hide shrubs from snow and frost. You can simply sprinkle the soil with fertilizer, thereby allowing the tree to bear fruit much better next season, and also carry out the final watering, which will charge the soil with moisture. If the winter is harsh, then the autumn care should include various mandatory procedures. They include sanitary pruning, processing the circle around the trunk and watering it, pest control and prevention, mulching and whitewashing the trunk. Autumn work can begin in September, or rather, from its beginning. You can cover the cherry for the winter by the end of October. You can do this even when the first snow appears. Depending on the weather, the timing of the shelter may vary.

Preparation depends on where the tree is growing, weather conditions and climate. Based on these factors, you can choose ways to shelter the trunk and protect the root system from frost. If the frosts in the area you are protecting are not very strong, then the soil can simply be moistened and fed using any type of fertilizer. If winter promises to be stronger, then taking care of protecting the tree is more serious, giving the cherry bush more time and attention. As a result, in the spring you will get a good harvest and flowering.

Scheme of pruning cherries in autumn

The first stage of preparation is considered to be the pruning of excess and old branches. Dry branches are removed using sharp garden shears. Sick branches are very important to remove in a timely manner. Thus, you protect healthy shoots from disease.

The most common way to protect a tree for the winter is to insulate it with ordinary snow cover. Maximum protection of branches and buds can be provided by evenly covering them with snow. So the shoots are collected in a bunch in a circle or fan. How exactly to collect them depends on the type of tree. The best protection for the winter can be achieved by covering the branches with straw or haulm. If the branches do not want to fit snugly to the ground, then a layer of sand or earth falls on them. An original and alternative option for sheltering branches can be called the use of a bag or any other heat-insulating material.

Even during the winter, the garden can be maintained. What do they do for this? Sometimes an excess amount of snow is raked to the cherry. Thus, the root system can be protected from hypothermia. All available ways to protect and shelter the trunk, roots and ground above them, as well as the deflection of branches, will be described later in the article.

How to cover pear seedlings for the winter. Protecting a tree from frost

Contents

  1. How to cover pear seedlings for the winter. Protecting a tree from frost
  2. Warming of young trees for the winter. Advise how to protect young fruit trees in winter?
  3. How to cover cherries for the winter. Shelter for trees
  4. How to shelter an apricot for the winter in the Urals. Rules for sheltering an apricot for the winter
  5. How to cover an apple tree for the winter with plastic bottles. Preparation for the process

How to cover pear seedlings for the winter. We protect the tree from frost

When all the preparatory work is done, with the approach of frost, the pear must be insulated. To do this, the trunk is whitewashed with slaked lime, and when the craft is completely dry, it is wrapped with a piece of roofing material or any other material that is available. Such a manipulation is performed in order to protect the trunk from attacks by mice and hares.

If pear seedlings have just been planted and they have to survive the first winter, then experienced gardeners recommend covering them with a layer of spruce branches or spruce branches from above. Such protection will not only help protect against frost, but will also become an additional barrier against rodent attacks.

Keep in mind that for mature trees such protection will be superfluous. For them, it is enough to lay a layer of mulch and whitewash the trunk.

Another point that you should pay attention to, if you are a resident of Siberia or the Far North, then you should especially carefully insulate the pear.

Sometimes it happens like this: even after a thorough shelter, with the onset of spring, it turns out that the tree is still frozen. For this, experienced gardeners recommend grafting with a bridge, which will save the pear from death. Such a procedure is performed as follows:

  • if the tree is partially frozen, then it is necessary to completely cut off all damaged branches, and thoroughly cover the cut points with garden pitch;
  • in the event that frost holes are found on a tree, it is necessary to excise the damaged bark and part of the frozen wood from these zones, since such places will lead to a disruption in the normal nutrition of the entire tree;
  • in the case where frost damage is very large, the bark and wood are also excised and grafted with a bridge.

If you perform this procedure, then in the future all damaged areas will overgrow and the tree will be completely restored.

It is worth emphasizing that it is much easier for a gardener to prevent partial freezing of a tree than to deal with a problem that has arisen later. To do this, it is enough to whitewash the trunk and lower branches with slaked lime or paint.

Separately, it should be noted that often a pear can freeze not only in winter, but also in spring, when there are still frosts at night.

Therefore, in order to exclude the possibility of frost cracks in the spring, as soon as the pear wakes up from hibernation and the insulation is removed, the trunk should be whitened again. At the same time, do not forget that all damaged areas are carefully smeared with garden pitch or oil paint.

Warming of young trees for the winter. Advise how to protect young fruit trees in winter?

Hello! I'm sorry that I'm raising this topic again, but I just can't decide on a way to protect fruit seedlings for the winter from rodents, sunburn, etc. The fact is that we have a new site, and I don't even know if we have mice or hares)) although there is a forest one section from us. The neighbors have no fruit trees. And those who have apple trees say they do nothing with them. But they already have mature trees. We planted seedlings (apple and cherry) in autumn. Before the frosts, I thoroughly sprinkled them with peat, and I thought to calm down on this, since all varieties are winter-hardy. But now, after reading here stories about rodents and about February sunburns, I took care. Lapnik, newspaper, wallpaper, garden tape, tights...))) There is no spruce branch. Pantyhose - in SUCH quantity :) - also not. Wallpaper, newspapers and other paper - many reviews speak of the uselessness of such protection. It's too late to whiten. I bought a garden tape for the trunks - but it's pvc - and somehow I doubted whether the tree would breathe under this tape (((Can't you just bandage the trunks of seedlings with an ordinary bandage? Or do mice gnaw through it too? Plot in the Moscow region, in Pushchino. It has already snowed, the temperature is slowly setting below zero, and my seedlings are all standing open. One three-year-old apple tree, five columns, and cherries. Dear experienced gardeners!) Please advise how I can protect my small trees in winter!

The best answer from Anatolewna (Irina, Bender):

A few years ago, I bought young apple and pear seedlings in the spring. They took root well, and in the fall they went rooted into the winter, and in the spring, when we arrived at the site, we saw that someone had chewed the bark of the seedlings well. The neighbor said that hares walked in winter. The pear disappeared altogether, and the apple tree was barely saved. Now, my husband and I wrap the trunks of young trees with simple burlap, and press it down with a fine mesh from above.

How to cover cherries for the winter. Shelter of trees

Preparing sweet cherries or cherries for winter in the middle lane with a strong drop in temperature, especially in Siberia or the Urals, includes the gradual transfer of the tree to a creeping form. To do this, pruning is carried out using a special technology, and for the winter period, the branches are bent to the ground, covered with a film, and spruce branches are thrown on top. Snow will be the main insulation, and it is necessary to ensure that its layer is sufficient - about 30-40 cm. bark from diseased areas, pour a 20-30 cm layer of soil, humus, needles or sawdust under the base of the trunk. For insulation, the trunks are wrapped with breathable material, for example, burlap or agrofibre. The material is fixed with an embankment of soil.

Fruit trees are also covered to protect them from rodents that like to eat the bark of young sweet cherries. To discourage animals from hunting, the trunk should be whitewashed, and pegs should often be driven around the trunk.

When insulating cherries, space should be left between the wood and the covering material so that the air mass can circulate inside. If this condition is not met, a lack of oxygen can cause plant diseases.

Warming trees and following the rules of wintering makes it possible to grow cherries outside the greenhouse, even in cold regions.

Although cherries are very convenient to grow in Russia because they are famous for their frost resistance, winterizing cherries can significantly improve the condition of the tree until next spring. Preparation is very important. If you do not pay enough attention to cherries in the fall, then next year you can be completely without a harvest. If the winter is harsh, with little snow, the buds on the bushes may suffer, and if frosts and thaws constantly alternate during the winter period, then the root system of the cherry may also suffer. A temperature of -10 degrees is enough for the bush to dry completely under a strong wind.

You should not count on the natural stability of wood before frost, because climatic conditions and weather can play a cruel joke, and even frost-resistant cherries cannot withstand such a temperature drop. Therefore, in order to protect the tree and protect it, to be sure that in the spring you will enjoy the sprouts and flowering of the tree, you can make jam and compote, it is best to prepare cherries for winter in autumn, approaching this issue with all responsibility . Thus, you will protect the tree and get a good harvest in the spring.

When exactly should we start preparing cherries for winter? Such training is not considered mandatory for every region. In mild climates and snowy winters, it is not at all necessary to cover and hide shrubs from snow and frost. You can simply sprinkle the soil with fertilizer, thereby allowing the tree to bear fruit much better next season, and also carry out the final watering, which will charge the soil with moisture. If the winter is harsh, then the autumn care should include various mandatory procedures. They include sanitary pruning, processing the circle around the trunk and watering it, pest control and prevention, mulching and whitewashing the trunk. Autumn work can begin in September, or rather, from its beginning. You can cover the cherry for the winter by the end of October. You can do this even when the first snow appears. Depending on the weather, the timing of the shelter may vary.

Preparation depends on where the tree is growing, weather conditions and climate. Based on these factors, you can choose ways to shelter the trunk and protect the root system from frost. If the frosts in the area you are protecting are not very strong, then the soil can simply be moistened and fed using any type of fertilizer. If winter promises to be stronger, then taking care of protecting the tree is more serious, giving the cherry bush more time and attention. As a result, in the spring you will get a good harvest and flowering.

The most common way to protect a tree for the winter is to insulate it with ordinary snow cover. Maximum protection of branches and buds can be provided by evenly covering them with snow. So the shoots are collected in a bunch in a circle or fan. How exactly to collect them depends on the type of tree. The best protection for the winter can be achieved by covering the branches with straw or haulm. If the branches do not want to fit snugly to the ground, then a layer of sand or earth falls on them. An original and alternative option for sheltering branches can be called the use of a bag or any other heat-insulating material.

Even during the winter, the garden can be maintained. What do they do for this? Sometimes an excess amount of snow is raked to the cherry. Thus, the root system can be protected from hypothermia. All available ways to protect and shelter the trunk, roots and ground above them, as well as the deflection of branches, will be described later in the article.

How to cover an apricot for the winter in the Urals. Rules for sheltering apricots for the winter

Since apricots have been grown in cold regions for a long time, many original ways of sheltering them for the winter have been invented during this time. Some shelters are not very effective, but not expensive, some are effective and allow you to get a harvest of stone fruits every year. The basic rules for sheltering an apricot for the winter include:

  1. First of all, you need to protect the root of the tree, for this you need to dig the tree within a radius of 1-2 meters and add peat and humus, leaves. For good insulation, it is advisable to sketch from 10 to 20 centimeters. Upstairs you can sketch fallen leaves, straw, corn stalks, reeds.
  2. In winter, the basal neck most often suffers in apricots. From constant temperature changes, it often gets warm and this negatively affects the winter hardiness of the tree. To prevent this, it is necessary to wrap the root neck and tree trunk well with burlap, preferably in several layers. It can also be done with other materials, the main thing is that the tree can breathe freely.
  3. If you want the apricot to bloom in spring, even in the coldest winter, you will need to cover the entire tree. To do this, around the tree you need to hammer 4-6 pegs. Their height should be slightly less than the trunk of the tree, towards the place where the lower branches begin to grow. After that, you need to stretch the film over the tree and wrap the tree well with it. When the ends of the film are tied to pegs and the branches do not look from under the shelter, you need to sketch the soil around the perimeter, thus creating a protective shaft and dry leaves or other insulating material. It is necessary to sketch so much that the shaft reaches the film. Thus, a cap will be created over the apricot, protecting the tree from prickly winds and severe frosts.
  4. Some gardeners wrap the tree with roofing material. In this case, the upper hole, which is formed during the creation of such a protective cylinder, is covered with a metal mesh and then again with roofing felt. In such a shelter, even the most severe winters are not afraid of an apricot, provided that the first 2 points have been met.

How to cover an apple tree for the winter with plastic bottles. Preparing for the process

In cold regions, varieties grow that can withstand cold well. If the frosts last for several days, then they will not bring much harm to the plants. Roots near the soil surface and weak root branches can only be slightly affected. But hungry hares can severely damage plantings. Therefore, before sheltering, it is necessary to decide for what purposes this is being done.

Timely and securely covered bark is an important condition for the development and growth of culture. Such a shelter is especially necessary for a young culture, since damaged bark causes diseases that lead to the death of a tree.

Every gardener should know how to prepare a plant for wintering. A number of measures are taken before shelter:

  1. Fallen leaves are removed around the plant. It is a breeding ground for bacteria and insects. It must be burned to prevent the spread of infection.

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