How to protect trees from wind
How to Reduce Wind and Storm Damage on Trees
Throughout summer, we’re rewarded with our fair share of clear, blue skies with gleaming sunshine. We also experience the complete opposite - dark, rainy skies coupled with robust, howling wind.
Though they like frequent rainfall, in the midst of summer storms, our trees are vulnerable to heavy wind, hail, and lightning. These damaging elements affect trees from root to tip, which can hurt them and your property.
Rest assured, though, that properly maintained, healthy trees are usually well-adapted to withstand the typical weather of the region in which they have grown.
The best way to protect your home from the damage of storm-force winds is to be prepared.
When you’re trying to figure out how to protect trees from wind, you need to look at more than just a branch or two. You need to look at your tree from top to bottom.
And even though Mother Nature is unpredictable, if you focus on protecting trees from wind, then you lower your risk of damage during storms.
How to Protect Trees from Wind Damage
While you want to protect all of your trees from high winds and the damage they can cause, some trees may be more sensitive than others.
A young tree can often be more susceptible to storm damage. Here’s how to protect new trees from wind:
- Stake your new tree by using a wood or metal stake and strong, soft fabric, leaving some slack for trees to move naturally in normal wind and establish a strong root system and stem taper.
- Plant your tree in a location that offers some wind protection if possible.
- Water your tree properly to encourage stronger roots and branches.
- Prune your tree on a regular basis to remove dead, dying, or damaged branches or lighten those that are heavy, overextended, and bending under their own weight.
When it comes to how to protect fruit trees from wind, you want to establish a windbreak nearby and possibly attach a frost cloth to your tree’s canopy if you know harsh winds are on their way. This can help protect blooms from blowing away.
Preventative Tree Trimming
Tree trimming (pruning) can help your plant's need to combat heavy winds. A thinner, compact, balanced canopy softens the blow of harsh wind, reduces turbulence, and protects the trunk and branches.
Pruning also frees the tree of weak or overextended branches that could fall and damage property during a storm.
Installing support cables and brace rods for weak limb connections where pruning is not a solution will help prevent these from falling in strong winds.
With only stable branches left standing, trees are better able to endure the windy weather.
Install Tree Lightning Protection
Standing straight and tall, trees offer an ideal path for lightning to travel to the ground. Of course, this convenient trail is harmful to the tree – and could put your home in danger.
Install a lightning protection system to send the electrical forces down a different path. The series of wires leading into the ground steers the current away from the tree.
If you have a historical or unique tree on your property you would be devastated if you lost it. Lightning protection can help keep it safe. Installing lightning protection in trees which overhang or are immediately adjacent to your home can also provide some protection against lightning directly striking your home.
How to Protect The Root System: Tree Mulch
Most people focus on treetops when they think about storm preparation, but it’s important to look at your tree’s roots, too. They may be out of sight, but they shouldn’t be out of mind.
To help hold tree roots in place during dangerous weather, surround the bottom of the tree with a wide tree mulch ring that is approximately 6 feet in diameter for small trees and out to as far as the dripline for large trees. The larger the mulch ring the more beneficial and stable environment you create for root growth.
Mulching strengthens your tree’s root system by adding an extra layer of protection. In addition to storm protection, mulch around trees reduces competition for water and nutrients between trees and turf, and it keeps mower damage to your roots at bay as well. Mulching encourages a deep, well-anchored root system that is more resilient against storms.
Watch for Open Tree Cavity
When protecting trees from wind damage, you should also pay attention to holes or cavities you find in your trees.
Tree cavities typically result when fungi infect wounds caused by a branch breaking off or a tree being hit by an object. That decaying wood decomposes and shrinks and is also a target for ants, birds, and small mammals. This activity increases the size of the hole over time.
The location of the cavity is important when you’re assessing your tree for safety concerns like high winds. If a cavity is toward the bottom of the tree, for instance, it may be at risk of falling over.
Trees can typically withstand some wounds that are smaller in size and callused – no longer decaying. But if you see larger wounds, having a certified arborist check your tree’s health could be helpful.
A tree with strong, healthy wood is more likely to survive destructive, stormy weather.
Click to learn more about prepping and protecting your trees from wind and summer storms!
How to Protect Young Trees from Wind Damage
We all know that ice, snow as well as frost are a big problem for trees in winter. However, property owners should also keep their trees safe, beautiful and healthy in spring, summer and fall. Strong winds pose a huge threat to young trees during summer months. And of course, you need to do something about this!
Unfortunately, it’s impossible for humans to control nature. Nevertheless, you can protect your trees from strong winds and prevent tree damage. So, your job is to protect all of young trees on your property from wind damage. In this blog, we’ll provide you with a few tips for protecting young trees from wind damage.Plant a Tree in the Right Place
It all begins with tree planting. First of all, you need to choose where to plant your new trees on your property. You should aim to find places which are naturally protected from winds. When planting trees you also need to take into consideration the direction from which the wind is usually blowing in your garden. Do you find that wind is often blowing from east to west? If so, it would be better for you to plant a tree somewhere in the western part behind your house. In this case, a house is most likely to protect a young tree from high winds. Later, when a tree gets stronger you’ll be able to move it to another location.Take Advantage of Cover to Protect Young Trees from Strong Winds
Using a cover delivers multiple benefits to young trees. A cover is used to protect trees from strong winds, tree pests and hungry animals. A cover needs to be placed over the top of a tree. When using cover to protect young trees from winds you need to make sure that a tree will get enough sunlight. It’s crucial for you to watch weather forecast carefully on a regular basis. It makes sense to remove cover from young trees if no winds, storms and other types of severe weather are expected in the nearest future.Keep Young Trees Watered Regularly
There has been a lot of talk about the importance of watering trees. Dehydration negatively affects the health of trees. The lack of water can result in weak branches, broken branches, yellow leaves and many other negative consequences. Watering is something that promotes healthy growth of trees.
Proper hydration is particularly important for newly planted trees. Properly hydrated trees grow strong. As a result, the risk of tree damage during strong winds and severe storms reduces dramatically. That’s why you need to ensure that a young tree gets enough water during the year. Watering needs to be a key part of your tree care program.Tree Pruning Helps Protects Young Trees from Wind Damage
If done right, pruning helps young tree survive during strong winds. Have you noticed that tree’s branches have grown and already bend under their own weight? That means that such a young tree needs to be pruned as soon as possible. You also need to prune a tree if it has dead, weak or dying branches. Otherwise, a tree is likely to be damaged during high winds and severe storms.Stake Young Trees to Reduce Wind Damage
Stakes provide young trees with support they need during severe weather. If you stake your new trees, they will establish strong root system within a short period of time and have a strong trunk as well as strong branches in the future. Such a tree is unlikely to be damaged by winds.
Protecting young trees from wind damage is a serious job that requires special knowledge, experience, skills as well as the right type of tools and equipment. Our highly skilled arborists are always happy to provide cost-effective solutions for any of your tree care needs in Toronto!
How to protect the site from the wind
Author Maria For reading 4 min Views 1.2k. Posted by
A garden plot located in an open area, on a hill, especially from the northwest winds, requires the installation of wind protection devices.
The wind on the plot gradually blows away the fertile layer if the owner practices constant plowing of the land. Cold, damp winds contribute to the freezing of fruit plantations, poor flowering, and reduced yields.
- Why do you need protection against wind
- What are the methods of protection from wind
- Natural hedges
- How to protect the new section
For which protection against wind
is needed necessary for plants and people. A constant wind, even a southerly one, is not always perceived comfortably by a person, and if it blows from the north or west, and even in early spring or late autumn, you can forget about convenience.
Northern, damp winds in the pre-winter period or in winter literally freeze everything around. Fruit trees freeze to death if not completely covered with snow or protective fabrics. And this is repeated every year. As a result, instead of a profusely flowering beautiful garden, the owner receives a bare plot with sparse vegetation.
What are the methods of wind protection
The basis of wind protection on the site is to create barriers that prevent the penetration of air masses. They can be different, from natural to artificially built fences.
A high, dense perimeter fence is a viable but costly option. It can be made from a profile sheet, boards. Placed from the side of the coldest winds, it will create a favorable microclimate and prevent plantings from freezing. But, at the same time, in winter it will become an obstacle in the way of snow, snowdrifts will not be so plentiful. This means that less melt water will accumulate on the site in the spring, it will be drier, and the plantations will not winter well.
Sheds, summer kitchens located to dampen strong winds and turbulence, can be a way out. But they are appropriate if the wind often blows from one side. When his appearance is unpredictable or he constantly changes his direction, such buildings will be useful in the household, but will not give complete protection from the wind.
If necessary, to protect a small area from the wind, make a wooden frame, plant any weaving perennial or annual plants at its foot. It can be girlish grapes, hops, curly nasturtium, etc. But the minus of such a fence is that for the winter, due to the lack of leaves or natural death, the plants will be poorly protected from cold winds.
Plants planted along the perimeter or along landscaped areas will help protect the site from the wind. They are planted in several rows, at different levels and in a certain order. The main thing is that only fast-growing and wind-resistant plants should be used in creating a hedge.
How to protect a new site
As a rule, new sites located in an open field need wind protection devices. The following options are acceptable:
- Fence , the first thing that comes to mind for a summer resident. But completely deaf structures create drafts and strong whirlwinds inside the site. In hot weather, the air stagnates, which negatively affects plantings, the climate in the house and well-being.
- Live link , the optimal choice. Light through fencing (chain-link mesh) and planting shrubs and trees around the perimeter. It is best to make mixed plantings from deciduous and coniferous plantations. A multi-layered "backstage" will break wind flows, but not completely prevent them, which will create a normal microclimate and lighting.
The hedge can be made from the following plants - yew, holly, privet, arborvitae, hornbeam, field maple, vesicle, forest beech. All of them tolerate a haircut well, but in too tight landings they can create an effect similar to a blind fence.
Some flowers can also create a protective wind effect. For those places on the site where you need to "repay" the flows, they plant:
- Young, saxifrage (on hills, hills).
- Mylnyanka, army.
- Flax, stonecrop, yarrow.
- Sage, gypsophila, lavender.
It is impossible to create a dense wind barrier around the entire perimeter of the site, this is the main mistake that the gardener makes. Instead of a through wind, he risks getting turbo flows, drafts or suffocating heat on a hot day.
Two or three tiered hedges are appropriate only in large areas, and edge, or located in an open field. Few of the neighbors will be delighted if tall trees are planted along its border, especially since it will be necessary to comply with the rules. Tall stands cannot be planted closer than 2-4 m from the neighbor's fence, and this significantly reduces your own plot.
The best option is to create a mixed windscreen by installing a mesh fence, planting a hedge or constructing portable windscreens.
How to protect the site from the wind
- .Man-made ways to protect sites
- .Vegetable barriers
- .Protective structures for trees
Winds - the scourge of summer cottages located on a hill. It does not matter from which side of the world they blow, the main thing is the damage done to the plantings. These are dried and cracked soil, broken seedlings and mature plants, cold walls of a country house, etc. It turns out that you can restore and maintain order only if you know how to protect the site from the wind and take all possible measures.
Man-made ways to protect sites
Gardeners-amateurs and professionals often build windbreaks or simple fences to enclose the site. There are a lot of materials for the manufacture of such structures, however, when choosing, the following nuances should be taken into account:
• carved fences or, erected from chain-link mesh, easily let air masses through, but retain strong wind well;
• structures made of bricks, profiled sheets, perfectly prevent even strong air currents, but it is better to make it not deaf, but leave gaps so that the area is well ventilated.
Another option for man-made protection is sheds, greenhouses, and other architectural structures. If you are unable to close the site with the listed buildings, study the wind rose and find out what winds prevail in your area and fence off some areas.
For example, build a gazebo or patio that will not only be a great windbreak, but also a great decoration, will be a favorite place for gatherings with children or friends in nature.
One of the most proven methods is windproof landings. Such barriers work both as an independent fence, and in combination with a patterned fence. Green spaces do not interfere with air ventilation, while significantly reducing the force of the wind, plus they look relevant and rich.
The choice of options for windbreak hedges is extensive. Nurseries offer:
• shrub plants - viburnum, mock orange, hawthorn, wild rose;
• fruit trees - cherry, apple, pear;
• decorative deciduous - beech, maple, oak, chestnut, birch, mountain ash;
• coniferous - arborvitae, fir, spruce.
For those whose plot is located near the highway or on a hill, it is worthwhile to advise to build a multi-tiered fence, which includes:
• high conifers or larch trees in the first tier;
• second - fruit trees;
• third - shrub berries or ornamental plants.
Of course, everything depends only on the imagination of the owner himself, but the idea is quite real, and with one effort you will realize several ideas at once:
1. Protect the area from the wind;
2. Plant a fruit and berry garden, and free up more space in the country for a garden or decorative buildings;
3. Thanks to beautiful decorative trees, you will make the design of your dacha unique.
Pay attention to the fact that coniferous plants, especially young seedlings, in winter can suffer from the same strong wind and bright sun that burns on frosty days. So that in the spring you do not have to replant new plants, removing yellowed and dried ones, use a simple tip - in the fall, treat adult specimens and young growth with Purshat-M. This tool is specially designed to protect conifers in an unfavorable period of time.
After spraying the drug on the surface of the needles and branches, a water-indelible film remains, which perfectly passes air, protects against the negative effects of UV rays. As a result, water consumption is significantly reduced, and the likelihood of mold and pests is prevented.
It is important to remember that three-tier barriers are only suitable for large areas, they will take up too much space on small ones.
More often than others, in areas where strong winds are walking, various damage to young trees and shrubs is observed: breaks, cracking, in some cases even uprooting. If you have not been able to build barriers in all of the above ways, create fences directly for the trees themselves. There are many options for such structures, but the following is considered the most reliable of them:
• Place poles 2 to 3 meters high around the perimeter of a tree or a group of young growth. The distance between them must be at least 2 meters.
• On the leeward side, stake each tree.
• Cover the perimeter with mesh or other materials, taking into account that air can penetrate well into the structure.
• As the plants grow, the structure is removed.
An interesting variant of site closure is wind screens. If you need to protect a gazebo, pool, planting of ornamental and fruit plants from strong winds, you can use protective screens as a screen.