How to prune a banana tree for winter


How to cut back banana trees for winter | 8 Easy tips

Banana trees will thrive ready for spring growth if they are cut back in winter. Prepare the banana tree for winter by removing extra stems, removing old and damaged leaves and clearing up around the base. Allow the tree to focus its energy on 3 main stems to grow new bunches of bananas.

Remove the old stems that have already grown banana bunches as these will not grow new ones the next year. Cut the stem at an angle to make sure that winter rain can run off and will not cause rot.

This article will explore all you need know to prepare your banana tree for winter. Take these actions in fall before the winter weather hits and your banana tree will thrive in spring.

Remove old banana leaves before winter but take care because sometime spiders can set up home in the gaps.

Top 8 tips to prepare a banana tree for winter

The best time of year to prepare your banana tree for a cold winter is towards the end of fall. Before the weather turns cold and any frosts arrive you should take some simple steps to prepare your tree. Check out my top 8 tips to prepare your banana tree for winter

1. Remove extra stems – Maintain 3-4 stems

Early fall is the best time to focus on the healthy stems on the banana tree that will grow fruit in the next summer. Before winter arrives remove the extra tree stems that have already grown fruit or are too small. Allow the tree to focus its energy on 3-4 main stems.

Allow the tree to grow 3 or 4 main stems so that it has enough energy to grow the full flower and to grow healthy fruit. If you are growing your banana tree as a feature rather than to grow fruit you can let as many stems as you like grow.

It is best to remove any damaged stems before winter so that they don’t rot and fall over when the rains arrive.

Small banana stems can be removed with sharp secateurs.

2. Cut at an angle so the water can run off

When removing extra banana tree stems it is important to cut them at an angle to avoid the winter rain pooling in the base. Using a pruning saw cut the banana stem around 3-4 inches away from the ground on a 30-45 degree angle.

Do this in fall when the weather is cool and the banana stem will heal over by the time winter arrives.  

Cut banana stems on an angle so the water can run off when it rains.

3. Watch out for the sap

When cutting banana stems or leaves it is important to wear long sleeves and gloves. Wear old clothes because the sap can stain your clothes if it get on you when you are cutting. After you cut a main stem or leaf a white or clear substance will come out and contain the sticky sap.

Wash your hands and garden equipment straight after pruning banana trees. Wash secateurs or your pruning saw in warm soapy water and spray it after with oil to protect the equipment from rust.

Sap will start to come out of the stem after you cut it. It is very sticky so avoid getting it on your skin or clothes.

4. Remove old and damaged leaves

Before winter arrives prepare your banana tree by removing old, damaged leaves. Using secateurs trim off leaf stems close to the trunk of the tree that have turned brown or yellow. Old leaves near the base of the tree can be removed as they will not recover.

This will neaten up the tree and keep it looking tidy over the winter months. Banana trees will slow their growth over winter so I like to leave it with healthy green leaves so it looks neat.

Remove this old yellowing banana leaf before winter. There is no problem with this tree, this is just an old leaf that has finished growing.

5. Clear up around the base

Before winter arrives it is a good idea to clear up any damaged or old leaves that have fallen off and gathered at the base of the tree. Pull back any old leaves that are near the trunk and remove any rotting leaves or bark.

You can pull or or trim old leaves near the base. I like to use these for mulch for my banana tree.

6. Take off small shoots

Fall is a great time to remove any small shoots that are coming from the base of the banana tree. Snip them off using sharp secateurs of they are small or use a pruning saw if they are more than an inch across.

These small shoots can be left if you want a dense tree but if you are looking for fruit make sure you focus on 3 large stems instead.

This banana stem is the limit for my secateurs. If it was any wider I would use a pruning saw.

7. Mulch around the plant

Adding mulch around the plant to protect the roots for winter is a great idea particularly if you have the chance of frost. Use fall leaves, straw or sugar cane mulch and sprinkle it around the base of the banana tree. This will slowly break down but will protect the banana roots and gently feed the plant over time.

I put old plant trimmings and leaves around the base to mulch the banana tree.

8. Fertilize in fall

It is important to fertilize banana trees before winter. Banana trees love an organic fertilizer like pelleted chicken manure so add a few handfuls at the base in fall. Preparing the banana tree with good organic fertilizer will give you strong roots to survive a cold winter.

Your plant will also be prepare and ready to grow rapidly in spring. Organic fertilizers made from animal manures are my favorite as they contain a range of nutrients as well as organic material.

How to cut back banana trees for winter | Summary

Banana trees can thrive over winter getting ready to add brand new leaves and flowers in spring and summer. I like to prepare my banana tree for slow growth over winter by removing extra leaves, particularly damaged ones. This keeps it looking neat over winter.

Banana trees are generally low maintenance but if you want fruit you will need to remove extra stems to allow the tree to focus on 3-4 main stems. Banana trees will grow slowly over winter but in spring they will grow new leaves and height rapidly. They can even grow up to 2-3 feet in height in spring with lots of new leaves appearing in a few weeks.

Banana trees are fun to grow and if you live in a tropical or sub-tropical region. They add beautiful bright green tropical look to your garden and are low maintenance. If you don’t mind trimming leaves and stems a banana tree is a great addition to your yard.

How to Prune a Banana Tree

Banana plants aren’t actually trees: They do not have woody trunks. Technically, banana plants are herbaceous perennials, albeit the largest flowering herbs in the world. Some varieties get over twenty feet tall. Learn how to prune a banana tree and why it is important to do so in this blog post.

Left to itself, a banana plant consists of a thicket of several stalks (called pseudostems). A mature stalk can produce a cluster (called a bunch) of banana fruits (technically they are berries) arranged in rows (called hands) only one time – then that stalk dies. But, numerous offshoots (called suckers or pups) have been popping up all around the mother stalk, so the actual plant never really dies: All of those suckers, or “stalks-to-be”, are parts of the same plant.  

Banana stalk up close by Jason Graham | These fruiting stalks will only produce fruit once in their lifetime | Licensed by CC Banana trees produce pups at the base of the tree once the stalk has produced fruit. The pups job is to take over as the mother stalk once it is pruned | Photo by Jenni Konrad

Banana Tree Pruning

Gorgeous Guatemalan banana tree by Dennis Jarvis | You can see the baby banana tree below the fruiting stalk that will take over once the banana fruit is harvested | Licensed by CC

  • As banana growers, we want just one stalk on each plant (the mother stalk) growing to maturity and producing bananas, and just one offshoot standing in the wings to produce next year’s crop. All other offshoots should be cut down as they appear: They are just taking up space, water, and nutrients. Use a sharp knife or machete and cut them to the ground, chop ‘em up, and scatter ‘em around the mother stalk as mulch.
  • If you dig out the base of the severed pups, they won’t regrow as quickly and you won’t have to cut ‘em off again so soon.
  • Developing bananas need full sun to ripen, so cut off any leaves that are rubbing against the young bananas or completely shading them. Cut off any dead leaves to encourage new growth at the top of the tree.
  • It takes more than a year for a banana stalk to set and ripen fruit. If your main stalk gets cold damaged, but not killed, do not cut it down! It most likely will recover and go on to produce fruit the following summer.
  • After you harvest your banana crop, cut back that stalk to the ground, slice it up, and use it as mulch around next year’s stalk.
  • Banana trees love mulch at all times of the year to protect them and insulate them from the winter’s cold and retain moisture during summer’s heat.
  • These tropical plants are easy to care for and once you get the hang of the low maintenance care.
  • The best time to prune a banana tree is during the active growing season and after it bears fruit. You do not want to prune the mother plant before it produces bananas.
Most Popular Banana Trees

The banana tree’s Perfect Plants offers are all ornamental and may produce inedible fruit to humans (although birds and wildlife love them!). Check out the Ornamental Banana Tree Grow Guide for more information on growing these pretty fruit trees. What kind of banana trees are you growing in your landscape? Are they edible? Ornamental? Do they have unique colored leaves like the Musa Bordelon banana? Show off your trees in the comments below for a chance to be featured on our blog and Instagram.

Banana fruit and flower captured by Melvin “Buddy” Baker | Licensed by CC

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Banana palm - growing at home

Banana palm (tree) - an ornamental plant that will add exotic to the interior, and with regular care will begin to bear fruit. The plant needs a lot of light and space. If these conditions are not observed, the leaves will begin to lose color and eventually the palm tree will die. With appropriate treatment, after 1 - 2 years, its height will be more than 2 m. At 3 - 5 years of cultivation, it begins to bear fruit.
The palm tree itself can be grown from seed or a small shoot. It is not recommended to buy a large plant, as it is difficult to adapt to a new environment and may die. The article details how to grow a banana palm at home.

VARIETY

The appearance of the plant will depend on the type of tree: height, trunk diameter, leaf size. The height of dwarf varieties is from 1.5 to 4 m. Below are varieties that are well suited as indoor plants.

  • Red
  • Cavendish
  • Brazilian
  • Jamaican
  • Kyiv dwarf
  • Rajapuri
  • Williams (Williams Hybrid)
  • Lady fingers
  • Gran Nain

PREPARATIONS

You will need: seeds or cuttings, soil, planting container, fertilizer.
Do not attempt to use banana seeds purchased from a local store. Only seeds or cuttings will give the desired result.
Depends on the selected variety, how quickly the seeds germinate. For some, 2 to 3 weeks is enough, and for others, 2 months. Be patient and the result will not keep you waiting.
When the seed reaches a height of 10 - 12 cm, the plant should be transplanted into a larger pot. To do this, use the transshipment method so as not to injure the root system.

SOIL

Soil for planting is better to choose neutral or slightly acidic. It is recommended to make the mixture yourself. In equal proportions, mix sand, perlite and compost, which can be replaced with manure or peat. Such a composition is rich in nutrients and passes water well.
Then the soil should be spilled with thick potassium permanganate and additionally treated with a container for sowing. They must be sterile so that no infection or pests appear during the germination of the seed.

PREPARATION OF THE SEED

The protective skin of the banana seed must be broken so that water can seep to the germ and germinate. For this, a knife or needle is suitable. If the crust is pierced through, the seed will die.
After that, the seeds must be treated with potassium permanganate for 30 minutes and then soaked in warm water for 24 hours.

PLANTING

Fill a small container, 8-10 cm wide, with drainage (small pebbles or expanded clay). Fill the soil up to about the middle of the pot, place a banana seed in the middle and cover it with a little earth.
Water the soil well and then keep the soil moist. At the bottom of the container, there must be a hole for excess water to escape so that it does not stagnate and the roots do not rot.
Place the pot in a bright place without direct sunlight. It should be well lit for 13 - 14 hours. With a lack of natural light, take care of additional plant lighting. It is impossible to allow the pot to overheat, because. high temperatures can "cook" the roots and the plant will die.
When mold appears, fill the soil with potassium permanganate.

LIGHTING AND TEMPERATURE

If the plant is grown for fruit production, additional lighting is required. The temperature in the room should be around 25C and above. At night, the temperature can be lower, but not less than 20C.
For ornamental breeding, special lighting is not required and room temperature is sufficient. Under such conditions, the palm tree will bloom beautifully and for a long time.
Temperatures below 16C can freeze plant growth, and temperatures below 0C can kill it.

WATERING

Use the water that has settled for a day, at a temperature a few degrees above room temperature. Then the plant will develop without any difficulties.
In summer, the plant needs more water, so water often and a lot (1 - 2 times a day). In winter, water when the topsoil is dry, about once every one and a half weeks.
With careful care, a new leaf will appear on it every week. Therefore, it is considered the champion in growth among domestic plants.

HUMIDIFICATION

The air in the room where the banana tree is located must be humid. Then the plant will actively grow and delight with new leaves. If the leaves begin to dry out, it is urgent to take measures to irrigate it.
To do this, moisten the plant regularly: spray daily or wipe the leaves with a soft and damp cloth. Additionally, you can install open water bottles or a humidifier around.
Also, the plant must be regularly aired: take it out to the balcony when it is warm, or keep it near an open window for a short time. The main thing is to avoid strong gusts of wind and drafts.

WINTERING

Before the onset of cold weather, prepare the plant for winter: trim the leaves a little and mulch the soil. Then transfer to a cool room where there will be enough light even on dark winter days. There should not be batteries or other heating systems nearby.

FERTILIZER

In order for the plant to develop quickly and grow green leaves, fertilize regularly. An organic nitrogen fertilizer, such as urea, is ideal. The frequency of the procedures: once - twice a month.
After the palm tree has grown and strengthened, you should switch to a mineral fertilizer containing potassium, regularly feeding the plant once or twice a month. Then the fruits will grow better and faster.

REPLACEMENT

The banana palm has a relatively short lifespan. It grows quickly, begins to bear fruit and dies just as quickly. But in place of the dead plant, shoots will appear suitable for further seating.
It is better to transplant a tree into another pot or at least change the soil in autumn. Do this every year, because the palm tree, having taken all the useful substances from the soil, stops growing.

PRODUCTION

The banana palm is a giant herbaceous plant. New shoots appear by the growth of the rhizome bulb. A new plant can be obtained by breaking off a young shoot along with a small piece of root and planting it in a separate pot.
Remove the stems after all the bananas are ripe. If you cut off all the shoots, then the mother plant will die.

FRUITTING

If you follow all the recommendations for care, then over time the plant will begin to bear fruit. This can happen when there are at least 15 to 20 leaves on it.
The fruits of the banana tree are berries, not fruits. They differ in a variety of colors: from bright green to red and yellow, as well as in the taste of fruits: from sweet to sweet and sour.

DISEASES AND PESTS

The main pests of the palm tree are weevil, spider mites or aphids. You can get rid of them with the help of pesticides.
The plant is disease resistant. If the plant does not develop properly, pay attention to its appearance. Perhaps he is missing something, or vice versa, something is in excess.

  • Growth has stopped, leaves have shrunk or withered - lack of nutrients. Feed the plant with fertilizer and transplant into a larger pot.
  • Foliage dries, shoots wither, twisted and yellow tip - too dry air. Raise the humidity in the room and spray the leaves more often.
  • Dull and small foliage - lack of lighting. Use artificial lamps.
  • Soft drooping leaves - cold indoors. Remove the plant to a warm place where there are no drafts and cold air.
  • Dark spots between the veins are a standard phenomenon that is characteristic of this plant species.
  • No active growth in the spring - carry out a planned top dressing or if additional is required.
  • The stem has darkened at the base - from an excess of moisture, the base of the stem has begun to rot. Reduce watering, otherwise the plant will die.

Banana palm is not so easy to grow, but it will be a good addition to the interior. And if it starts to bear fruit, you can delight yourself and loved ones with fresh berries. It remains only to choose: grow a plant from scratch or care for an adult.

Banana tree. Bananas: contraindications and harm

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Banana palm is an exotic plant that many people associate with summer holidays. A wonderful fruit - a banana - is known to everyone, but few have seen the plant itself. Also, not everyone knows that a banana is a huge grass, not a palm tree. Those who have been to tropical countries could see its thickets, which remain cool. Large leaves create shade, which is very important for hot places. Some people, having become acquainted with this plant, show a desire to grow it at home.

The banana palm is very photophilous and requires a lot of space.

How to grow a banana palm at home? It must be taken into account that it is photophilous, and if there is not enough light, its growth will slow down greatly, the leaves will lose color. If the conditions are not changed, the palm may die. In addition to light, the plant needs a lot of space. While it is small in size, it can be placed on the windowsill, and when it gets crowded there, you can move the plant to the floor, while the distance from the window to the palm tree should be no more than 0. 5 m. If you create the right conditions, then after 1-2 years it can grow up to 2 m and above. Each new leaf grows larger than the previous one. Over time, the leaves can reach 2-3 m in length.

The banana palm can be grown from cuttings or seeds. Most lovers of this plant buy small shoots. Some people immediately acquire a large plant in order to quickly grow fruits and enjoy the beauty, but after a while they encounter difficulties. The fact is that banana palms hardly adapt to new conditions, so it is recommended to purchase a young shoot for growing at home.

Plant care

Palm should be watered frequently in summer and sparingly in winter.

Palm trees grow naturally in direct sunlight.

At home, it is also necessary to provide the plant with bright lighting and avoid lack of light. The temperature in the room should be at least 16°C, in summer 22-25°C is enough.

A little about watering. The plant should be watered frequently in summer and sparingly in winter.

The degree of soil drying must be taken into account. Water should be used only settled during the day, its temperature should be slightly higher than room temperature. Under suitable conditions, a palm tree can grow one new leaf per week.

The soil should be slightly acidic or neutral. You can make a mixture of equal parts of leafy and soddy soil, peat with sand. It is useful to add rotted compost or shavings to reduce density.

Banana fertilizer must contain nitrogen.

If the leaves begin to fade or dry out, this may mean that the air is dry and you need to increase its humidity. To do this, the plant must be washed in the shower, sprayed with water, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.

Such procedures can protect the palm tree from drying out and it will have a beautiful view.

Another way to humidify the air is to put a pot with a palm tree in a large tray and cover it with expanded clay. So the plant will be in a humid environment.

Banana palms are fertilized throughout the growth period. The fertilizer must contain nitrogen.

Transplant the plant as it grows, when it becomes crowded in the pot, even several times a year.

Bananas have long ceased to be an exotic fruit for the domestic buyer, they are so democratic and affordable. Let us consider in more detail how correct it is to call bananas fruits, how they grow, and what types exist.

What is this plant?

Banana is a herbaceous plant on which the fruits of the same name ripen. Even though the plant looks like a tree, it is a herb. Moreover, it is quite high, the second tallest after bamboo.

Banana grass is called because of the lack of wood on the above-ground part of the plant. In fact, the trunk (it is more correct to say “false trunk”) is formed precisely by leaves superimposed on each other. It is not surprising that in this case it does not have growth rings and branches. Over time, the banana leaves that form the trunk dry out, become brown and more and more, indeed, resemble the trunk.


The herb belongs to the banana family, genus Banana. It has branched rhizomes that spread up to 5 m and can go 1-1.5 m deep into the soil. Banana is often called a tree because of the high false trunk, which reaches 2-12 m and has a diameter of up to 40 cm.

Banana also boasts impressive leaves - they reach 3 m in length and 1 m in width. These are “ovals” with a pronounced longitudinal vein and many thinner veins extending from it.

By the way, during a strong wind, the leaves are torn along the veins, which reduces the pressure on them and avoids the threat of the plant being pulled out of the ground by a strong gust of wind.


Leaf color can vary considerably depending on the plant variety. There is grass with dark and light green leaves, sometimes crimson spots are located on top of the green color. There are varieties that are characterized by two-color leaves - they are crimson below and bright green above.

These huge leaves have a wax coating on the outside, which prevents excessive evaporation of moisture from the leaves. As the leaves age, they fall off, and in their place new ones appear from the axils of the trunk. On average, it takes a week to develop a new leaf.


Often the plant is called banana palm, which is due to some external similarity of plants. However, such a classification is erroneous - the banana has nothing to do with palm trees.

Banana grows in areas with a tropical and subtropical climate. The world's largest banana suppliers are Pakistan, India, China, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Brazil. Under natural conditions, it is also possible to grow a crop near Sochi, but the winter temperatures here are still too low for it.


To date, about 70 varieties of bananas are known, all of them can be attributed to one of three groups.

Decorative

These plants are cultivated not for their fruits (they are not edible), but for their attractive appearance, especially during the flowering period. In addition, the leaves and elements of the false trunk are used in industry - car seats and fishing gear are made from them.

Among the most famous ornamental varieties are the following:

  • Pointed Banana has beautiful dark green leaves with notches, so that the leaf resembles a bird's feather, bears fruit in a warm climate, the fruits can be eaten;
  • Blue Burmese Banana features an attractive purple-green trunk with a silvery sheen, deep green leaves, and purple or blue-skinned fruits.



Plantano

Bananas of this variety grow large and are suitable for eating, but usually require cooking. Such fruits are fried, baked, deep-fried, dipped in batter. By the way, it is from these varieties of bananas that banana chips are prepared.

Since the fruits of platano are quite dense, they are subjected to heat treatment, but the ripe peel can be consumed fresh. To do this, choose a plane tree with a black peel.

Unlike dessert bananas, sycamores have firmer, unsweetened flesh and firmer skins. In addition to being eaten, they are grown as livestock feed.

In turn, planano bananas are divided into 4 groups - French, French horn-shaped, false horn-shaped and horn-shaped.


Dessert

Bananas, well-known in our country, which can be found most often on store shelves in fruit departments. They are consumed fresh, you can also dry and wither the pulp of such bananas.

Among the most famous dessert varieties are "Paradise", "Gros-Michel", "Ice-cream". Miniature bananas are a variety of "Lady's fingers" (fruit length is 10-12 cm).




How does it bloom and bear fruit?

The plant is demanding on temperature conditions. The optimal daytime temperature ranges from + 27-35C, and the night temperature should not fall below + 25-28C. Even a short-term cooling can provoke not only the fall of the inflorescences, but also the death of the entire plant.

A decrease in humidity levels can also provoke similar negative effects. This can cause banana growth to stop.

Optimum soils are fertile, slightly acidic. Particular attention is paid to weed control, for which they use special compounds, resort to soil mulching and the help of geese. These poultry actively eat weeds, but are indifferent to bananas.


Grass starts flowering after 8-10 months of active growth. By this period, from the tuber, which is located underground, a peduncle breaks through the entire trunk. By the flowering phase, it throws out a peduncle of complex structure, outwardly similar to a large bud. The color is purple, sometimes greenish.

Flowers form at the bottom of the 'bud'. They are located in several tiers. Above - the largest, female flowers, the second tier are smaller bisexual, and at the very bottom - male flowers, which are the smallest.

Despite the difference in size, all flowers have the same structure and include 3 tubular petals and a sepal. In addition, erect and drooping inflorescences are distinguished, which depends on the banana variety.


The female flowers are pollinated by insects, and this process does not stop even at night, since bats pollinate at night. With the attraction of insects and birds, pollinating mice to banana inflorescences, there are no problems - their nectar is very sweet and fragrant. Over time, when the ovaries are formed from the inflorescences, the “bud” begins to look like a hand with many fingers.

As they mature, the “fingers” turn into the well-known slightly elongated fruit with a yellow skin. However, at first it is green, and turns yellow as it matures. The size and appearance of the fruit varies and depends on the variety. In the process of aging, the pulp also changes - it acquires a creamy shade, softness, juiciness.



Botanically speaking, the fruits of the banana plant are berries. This is due to the fact that inside the pulp there are seeds located in an arbitrary or ordered form. Seeds are absent in cultivated fruits, while they are easy to detect in wild ones. However, if you cut the flesh of a cultivated banana lengthwise, you will find small dark spots - these are the seeds.

One inflorescence can produce up to 700 bananas, the total weight of which can reach 70-80 kg. After the fruiting period is completed, and the crop is harvested from the plant, the false trunk dies off, in the place of which a new one will then appear.



On average, it takes 16-19 months from planting to harvest. During the fruiting period, the stem of the plant is strengthened with props so that it does not break under the weight of the crop. Harvesting begins at a time when the ripeness of bananas is 75%. They are cooled down and transported. To preserve the freshness of fruits, special conditions are necessary - a gas-air chamber with a temperature not higher than + 14C. Under such conditions, bananas are able to maintain freshness and their properties for up to 50 days.



How does it reproduce?

In the wild, bananas are propagated by seeds. They are carried over long distances by animals that live nearby and eat bananas.

Since cultivated plants do not have seeds (only dark spots indicated their presence in ancient times, which can be found on the cut of the pulp), their reproduction in this way is impossible. In this case, resort to vegetative propagation.

If we talk about propagation at home, then this is done by vegetation or with the help of seeds. However, contrary to some sources, cannot grow a banana "tree" from a purchased banana seed. This will require varietal seeds. They have a dense skin, so they are first rubbed and rumpled slightly so that a sprout can break through the skin, and then soaked in water.



Dwarf species for indoor cultivation

Ornamental mini-trees should be chosen for cultivation at home. It should be understood that even dwarf varieties reach a height of 1.5-2.5 m. Unlike wild and plantation-grown "relatives", this, of course, is not much. But in a small apartment, such plants can hardly be considered "dwarf".

Dwarf bananas are good for growing in a greenhouse, conservatory, while smaller super-dwarf ones are suitable for a house or apartment.



Bananas are planted at home, which give a crop, while the height of the false trunk reaches 2-2.5 m.

  • "Dwarf Cavendish". A compact plant that grows up to 1.5-2 m. When the right conditions are created, it will please the harvest of dessert bananas, each 12-25 cm long. The fruits have a well-known appearance - bright yellow skin with dark spots. There is another variety of variety - "Cavendish superdwarf".

  • Kyiv dwarf. Another cold hardy variety that produces edible fruits. The height of the plant reaches 1. 7 m, and if this seems excessive to you, pay attention to the Superdwarf variety related to it. The height of the latter is not more than 1 m.

Ornamental varieties do not produce edible fruits, but grow slightly less than the described varieties - on average, their height is 1-1.5 m. These include several varieties.

  • Velvet. The plant forms a false trunk 1.5 m high and 7 cm in diameter. The leaves are rich green in color and have a red border, elongated. A velvety banana blooms literally all year round, this period can last for several months. Inflorescences are replaced by small fruits that acquire a pinkish skin as they ripen. During the period of technical maturity, the peel opens, revealing a creamy pulp with seeds. This variety can survive a short-term drop in temperature.


Among the varieties popular for home cultivation, one can also name the "Dwarf Blood Banana", which received a similar name due to the color of the leaves - their upper part is traditionally green, the lower one is crimson.

Among the miniature varieties, we can distinguish those plants that have an interesting appearance of the leaves and those that are especially attractive during flowering and fruiting. The latter include the variety "Pink Velvet". The plant is characterized by low growth (1.2-1.5 m) and beautiful pink inflorescences and fruits. The latter are very fragrant, but contain many seeds and are unpleasant in taste.

The Scarlet Banana variety also demonstrates special beauty during flowering. The combination of bright green narrowed leaves and fragrant scarlet inflorescences will leave few indifferent.

The Manna plant also produces beautiful scarlet inflorescences, while the height of the “tree” does not exceed 1.2 m.


You can choose not dwarf varieties, but ordinary, but very slow growing. For example, Banana Yellow. It pleases with attractive yellow inflorescences that do not fall off for several months. But it is unlikely that it will be possible to get a harvest, it is too difficult to recreate suitable conditions in a private house and apartment.

Seeds can be used for growing at home. Unlike the vegetative method, the plant obtained in this way will be more resistant and strong, but its growth will take longer, and it will not be possible to grow edible fruits.

If you want to grow edible fruit, consider vegetative propagation of the plant. To do this, after the death of the banana trunk, the “bud” should be removed from the ground, from which a new sprout will develop, and divided into 2 parts. One part is sent to the old place of growth, the second is rooted in a new pot.


How to grow a banana at home, you can see in the next video.

Do you know how bananas grow? Most of us, eating another banana, probably thought about what path this same fruit had traveled from distant warm countries, how it grew on a huge banana palm, with huge leaves, ripening for a long time under the scorching African rays, surrounded by its many brethren, and miraculously survived from raids of ubiquitous monkeys and elephants. .. No matter how!

For starters, a banana is a herbaceous plant, a herb with a huge trunk and giant leaves, not a palm tree at all. Such grass sizes suggest unusual and rather interesting processes of development and reproduction of bananas. How do bananas grow in more detail?

Banana (Musa-lat.) is a genus of fast-growing herbaceous perennials, numbering about 40 species. We are more interested in the very bananas that we eat every day. In nature, oddly enough, such wild-growing bananas do not exist. What we see on store shelves are the fruits of plants bred by breeders. Real bananas have inedible fruits, usually oval in shape, filled with seeds.

The visible trunk of a banana tree is formed from massive leaf stalks that grow rapidly and die off as they grow. In warm weather, one leaf grows in a week, reaching a width of 60 cm and a length of up to 2.5 m. After the appearance of about 45 leaves, after 8-10 months, the banana releases one single peduncle.

Usually blooming at night or in the morning, commercial varieties of bananas reveal many tubular white flowers filled with a lot of sweet nectar. Banana flowers grow in tiers: below are several rows of female flowers, they are larger; above - the flowers are bisexual, and even higher are the tiers of the smallest male flowers. After pollination, the upper flowers fall off, the fruits are obtained only from the female flowers of the banana.

Banana fruits also develop in tiers called hands. In the process of ripening, a banana fruit (technically a berry) goes from light green to yellow or red, depending on the variety. The flesh is white, cream or orange. Bananas are cut while still green, so they can be stored longer, protected from rodents and transported for export.

After the end of fruiting, the entire visible above-ground part of the banana tree dies off. The following year, the banana repeats the growth cycle.
In nature, some types of bananas live for about a hundred years. Artificial plantations need to be updated every 10-15 years. The fruits of breeding bananas are sterile, therefore reproduction is carried out vegetatively, by shoots or by dividing rhizomes. Don't look for seeds in bananas, they aren't there.

We all love to eat bananas, and probably many of you have wondered whether it is possible to grow a banana at home in a pot on the windowsill, I hasten to answer. Growing a banana from seeds at home in a pot is quite easy.

There are varieties of bananas that can withstand large temperature fluctuations and grow well in small pots, such as the dwarf banana variety. The first question usually asked is, will a banana tree grown produce fruit? And the answer is yes, a grown banana from the seeds of the fruit will bear fruit for 3-5 years of cultivation.

Banana tree A lush green, fast growing plant with large oblong leaves, the banana tree can give any place a tropical feel. Because a banana is not a tree, but a herb. Many varieties make excellent houseplants that don't need a lot of care and grow very quickly. Dwarf varieties of banana can grow up to 4 meters in height. Compared to regular banana trees which can reach up to 15 meters in height.

How to plant a banana?

We sell Cavendish bananas hybrid bananas in our stores and bazaars, which do not contain seeds, more precisely, there are seeds in a banana, but they are so small that they are not noticeable. These bananas are grown specifically for commercial purposes. Cavendish bananas bananas are propagated only by root shoots or pieces of rhizome, which are separated from the mother plant. In the wild, bananas are spread through seeds, and varieties that contain seeds tend to have little to no edible pulp, and they don't taste very good, to say the least.

If you want to grow a banana at home and get edible fruits, you need to buy an ornamental banana seedling, and if the goal is to grow only an ornamental plant, then you can plant a banana from a seed

Banana varieties that can be grown at home

Here is a small list of banana varieties that grow well at home. These dwarf varieties of banana tree grow to a height of no more than 1. 5 m - 4 meters, and feel great in a hill.

Banana dwarf red
Banana dwarf cavendish
Banana Brazilian Brazilian
Banana Yamaisky
Banana Rajapuri
Banana Williams (Williams Hybrid)
Banana Gran Nain 9000 plant a banana from seeds

Before planting banana seeds in the ground, they need to be “awakened”, for this, the hard skin of the seeds is cut on one side with a knife (this allows the seed to germinate easily and quickly) and the seeds are soaked in warm water for a day ( 24 hours).

Plant the seeds in small pots 8 to 10 cm wide. Fill the pot halfway with a light potting mix enriched with plenty of organic compost, place a banana seed in it, and top with a small ball of soil. Remember to water generously until excess water comes out of the bottom of the pot, and keep the soil constantly moist.

Germination time depends on variety. Some germinate in 2-3 weeks and some varieties take over 2 months, so be patient.

After the seed germinates and reaches a height of 10 - 12 centimeters, bananas need to be transplanted into a larger pot, the plant should be transplanted using the transshipment method so as not to damage the root system.

Propagation of banana by root shoots

As mentioned above, banana is a giant herbaceous plant that sprouts from an earthen bulb. And over time, the rhizome bulb grows and sprouts new shoots, for reproduction, a young shoot is broken off with a small piece of root and transplanted into a separate pot.

It is worth mentioning that you can tear off the shoots only after all the bananas have ripened on the plant, and in no case should you cut off all the shoots, it is important to leave one. If you tear off all the shoots from the rhizome of a banana, the mother plant will die.

Transplant the cut bulb into a pot with drainage and a light potting mix to prevent standing water in the pot and provide adequate ventilation for the developing roots.

After the bananas are transplanted, they need to be provided with bright light, temperatures in the range of 20 - 30 degrees and high humidity of 60 - 90%.

Care and conditions for growing a banana

Light / sun

Banana trees grow in tropical and subtropical parts of the world and therefore they love the sun, heat and high humidity. If you want to grow a banana tree at home, you need to place the plant pot in a sunny location, preferably the south side of the house. For good banana growth, it needs to provide at least 13 - 14 hour daylight hours. If your windows face north or daylight hours are less than 13 hours (winter time of the year), you need to take care of lighting the plant.

Banana Soil

Banana tree likes a “light” soil mix, the soil should be slightly acidic or even neutral, the soil pH should be around 6-7. But store-bought soil contains a lot of coconut fiber, so AinoGarden recommends making your own soil mix.

To do this, you need to take equal proportions of sand, perlite and compost or manure (manure can be replaced with peat). Such soil will be well moisture permeable and rich in organic matter.

Banana watering, humidity

Banana loves moisture. Watering a banana tree should be regular and plentiful, it is advisable to combine root watering and leaf watering (spray the plant), while there should be no standing water in the pot. In summer, bananas are watered every day, if it is very hot, then even twice a day. In winter, watering is reduced, and watered after the topsoil dries out.

To grow a banana at home, in an apartment (or house) you need to constantly maintain high humidity in the aisles 60-90%. To increase the level of humidity around the plant, you can put a container of water near the banana or carry out constant spraying.

Banana tree overwintering

The banana tree stops growing when the ambient temperature drops below 10°C, but if the temperature drops below 0°C the plant dies. Before the onset of winter, you need to perform heavy mulching of the soil and trim the leaves a little. The prepared plant is transferred to a cool but bright room, away from radiators.

banana fertilizer

Banana, like any grass, is a fast growing plant and requires constant fertilization to maintain growth. For a young plant to quickly gain green mass, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizer, organic - urea or mineral with NPK 30:10:10, with a frequency of one to two times a month. After the banana grows foliage, you should apply mineral fertilizer for a banana with more potassium, for a good growth of fruits (bananas) NPK 15: 5: 30 with a frequency of 1-2 times a month.

Banana Pests and Diseases

Bananas are very disease resistant and the worst thing that can happen to them is root flooding or too much/lack of fertilizer. If the banana leaves have darkened and dried around the edges, this is definitely a bay and the roots begin to rot. If the leaves turn yellow, the plant is deficient in nutrients.

The main pest of the banana tree in our area is the common aphid, weevil and spider mite. It is very easy to get rid of all these pests with the help of pesticides, I use Aktara on an ongoing basis.

The banana or palm tree is a very beautiful indoor perennial. With proper care, in addition to green leaves, the palm tree will give an exotic flower of an unusual shape that will delight you for 3-4 months.

Growing a banana palm at home is not that difficult. Following the advice and recommendations of experts, this is quite realistic. If you want to have such a tree at home, there are two solutions - plant banana seeds yourself or buy a young plant in a store.

Let's look at the first option
You will need: peat, peat soil, expanded clay, sphagnum moss, hardwood, river sand, potassium permanganate, dwarf banana seeds, nail file, thermometer.

The seeds must be treated first. This is done with a file: the skin is grinded from the seeds. Then they are soaked for 2 days in boiled water. Seeds can be planted together or separately. In the prepared container, small holes are made at the bottom, then expanded clay is laid out by 2-3 cm, a substrate 4 cm thick is laid on top. The main condition is that a distance of approximately 4 cm should remain between the ground and the lid of the container (so that the seedlings are spacious).

The substrate is prepared from 4 parts of washed and calcined sand with one part of steamed peat. An hour before planting, it is shed with a hot solution of potassium permanganate, and 30 minutes before sowing, the seeds are treated with the same solution. Then the seeds are laid out on the substrate and easily pressed into it. The container is closed and placed in a bright place. The temperature regime must be maintained within such limits - during the day 27-30 degrees, at night about 25. It is necessary to ensure that the substrate does not dry out. If everything is done correctly, then after one and a half to two months you will see the first shoots. Once the seedlings have their first three leaves, they can be transplanted into separate pots with good drainage, sand and peaty soil. With proper care, in six months you will get an adult tree.

Second option
When you bring a young plant home, immediately find a warm and bright place for it. For a palm tree, daylight hours must be at least 12 hours. If this does not work for you, you need to add additional lighting. This is especially important if you want to get results. The temperature regime for the palm tree is as follows: during the day 25-30 degrees, at night a little less, but not lower than 20 degrees. As for watering, there are also some nuances here. Water should be taken settled (at least 12 hours) and a few degrees above room temperature. In summer, the plant needs to be watered more often, in winter - less often.

With proper care, the banana palm will give you one leaf every 7-8 days. Thanks to this fact, she is the champion of growth among indoor plants. If you suddenly notice faded leaves or drying tips on them, pay attention to the humidity of the air. Similar phenomena are indicators of dry air. How to increase humidity? There are two ways. The first is spraying a palm tree or wiping the leaves with a damp cloth. The second one is more simple. Place the palm in a wide tray and line the plant pot with pebbles, expanded clay, wet sphagnum, or any other material that retains moisture for a long time.


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