How to prune a saucer magnolia tree


How to Grow and Care for Saucer Magnolia

Saucer magnolia is a popular flowering tree or large shrub created by cross-breeding Magnolia liliiflora (lily magnolia, a shrub form) and M. denudata (lilytree), both native to Japan. It is sometimes called tulip magnolia, but it is not to be confused with tulip trees. It often grows as a multi-stemmed shrubby plant but can be trained into the form of a small tree by pruning it in its first years to have one central trunk.

Its huge, early spring blooms appear before its broad, dark green leaves. Saucer magnolia flowers may continue to bloom after the leaves emerge, usually blooming for one to two weeks. Saucer magnolias are messy, but since it has a short bloom time, it's not a prolonged clean-up period. The spectacular, refreshing display makes the clean-up worth it.

The native saucer magnolia species has pinkish-white flowers, but many cultivars are available with pure white, pure pink, magenta, and purple flowers. The plant has a nicely rounded crown, making it an ideal landscape specimen. It grows moderately, about 12 to 24 inches each growing season. Saucer magnolia heights can reach 25 feet tall, with a spread of 20 to 30 feet wide.

Common Name Saucer magnolia, tulip magnolia, Chinese magnolia
Botanical Name Magnolia x soulangiana
Family Name Magnoliaceae
Plant Type Tree, shrub
Mature Size 20 to 25 ft. tall, 20 to 25 ft. wide
Sun Exposure Full, partial
Soil Type Moist but well-drained
Soil pH Acidic, neutral
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color Pink, white
Hardiness Zone 4-9 (USDA)
Native Area Asia
​The Spruce / Kara Riley The Spruce / Kara Riley  ​The Spruce / Kara Riley  The Spruce / Maegan Gindi  The Spruce / Maegan Gindi

Saucer Magnolia Care

Saucer magnolias are best planted in a full-sun to part-shade location—preferably not southern exposures, which can cause the flowers to open too early when cold early spring weather can damage the flowers. This tree doesn't like extremely dry or wet soil, so try to give it rich soil that is both moist and well-draining. It also does best if somewhat protected from strong winds.

Saucer magnolia's rope-like tree roots grow horizontally to provide stability. Its roots do not grow invasively or deeply like other types of magnolia trees that can affect a home's foundation if planted too close.

Pruning can be done to shape the plant into a tree form, and you should prune diseased and broken branches away to prevent the spread of fungal diseases. These plants often do fine without any feeding, but a spring application of fertilizer can help the plant thrive.

The branches of saucer magnolia trees are favored by wildlife as nesting sites, and their seeds are a food source for birds. This tree is also moderately pollution tolerant.

Light

Saucer magnolia trees prefer full sun, but they can tolerate partial shade locations.

Soil

Though they will tolerate clay soils, saucer magnolia trees do best in moist, acidic, organically rich, and well-drained, loam.

Water

During the first year of planting, water the tree deeply and frequently. Afterward, saucer magnolias need irrigation only when the weather is dry. Once established, these trees have a moderately good drought tolerance.

Temperature and Humidity

Cool, rainy weather tends to cause fungal leaf spots and cankers on magnolia plants. They can handle a wide range of humidity. If possible, avoid splashing soil from the ground onto the plants, and give them good air circulation.

Fertilizer

Magnolias are not heavy feeders, but they benefit from mixing fertilizer into the soil when planting, then lightly feeding them each spring with a balanced slow-release fertilizer. For annual spring feeding, do not mix the fertilizer into the soil; spread it over the surface around the plant, then water it in.

Types of Saucer Magnolia

  • Alexandrina (M. soulangiana 'Alexandrina'): This multi-stemmed variety grows 20 to 30 feet high. This saucer magnolia hybrid is a cup-shaped plant with deep rose-purple flowers with white inside.
  • Rustica Rubra (M. x soulangiana 'Rustica Rubra'): This plant grows 15 to 25 feet high with a broad, open, pyramidal form. The flowers are rose-red.
  • Verbanica (M. x soulangiana 'Verbanica'): This cultivar grows 10 to 15 feet high with an upright, broad, pyramidal form. The flowers, which appear later than other varieties, are cup-shaped and rosy-pink flowers with white inside. Lustrous dark green leaves turn coppery brown in fall.
  • Lennei Alba (M. x soulangiana 'Lennei Alba'): This plant grows 12 to 24 feet high and wide with a broad, pyramidal form, making it ideal for small gardens. This saucer magnolia hybrid's flowers are pure white and globe-shaped; this tree flowers slightly later than the primary species.

Pruning

Saucer magnolia trees often produce multiple stems. To shape it into a tree form, prune away all but one central trunk. Or you can prune to just a few central trunks, understanding that the tree will likely need additional support such as cabling or propping. Such drastic pruning should be done while the tree is still young. You may also shape the crown in later years by pruning lightly after the flowering period. Remove any dead or diseased branches as you see them, preferably in dry weather when fungi are less likely to infect pruning wounds.

Do not be alarmed by a dramatically leaning saucer magnolia; instead, consider having it propped. It is common for these trees to grow with rather extreme leans.

Tip

If you are like most homeowners and acquired your saucer magnolia from the previous property owner rather than by planting your own sapling, early pruning won't be possible. Do not prune adult trees as you would a sapling. Only remove dead and damaged limbs. Call a certified arborist as needed.

Propagating Saucer Magnolia

Saucer magnolia is a fairly fast-growing tree that can be propagated from cuttings but be prepared for a good number of the cuttings to fail. If you start 4 to 6 cuttings, you have a good likelihood of 1 or 2 succeeding. It's best to take cuttings in summer after the buds have set.

  1. Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut a 6- to 9-inch cutting from the tip of a branch. Immediately place the cutting into water to keep it moist.
  2. Remove all but the upper leaves, then make a 2-inch vertical slice at the end of the stem.
  3. Dip the stem into a hormone solution, then place the tip of the cutting into a planter filled with moist perlite.
  4. Place the cutting in indirect light and cover it loosely with a plastic bag to keep the cutting humid. Mist the cutting often and watch for roots to grow.
  5. When a good network of roots has developed, you can transfer the plant to a larger pot filled with potting mix for continued growth. The magnolia can be planted in the landscape when vigorous upper growth has begun.

Magnolias started this way often grow large enough to produce flowers within two to three years.

How to Grow Saucer Magnolia From Seed

Gather the seeds of the saucer magnolia during spring and summer. They need a period of dormancy, so plan to plant the seeds outdoors in the fall, about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. The seeds should germinate in the spring.

It's possible to germinate the seeds indoors. Use an empty coffee can or a similar container. Bury the seed in a few inches of moist peat moss, add the lid, and punch holes in the lid for air circulation. Place the can in the refrigerator for three to five months. When the time is up, remove the seed and plant it in a small container indoors. Keep the soil moist while the seed germinates. When spring rolls around, and the threat of frost has passed, plant the germinated seed outdoors to continue growth.

The Spruce / Maegan Gindi Gratysanna / Getty Images

Overwintering

Saucer magnolia is a hardy plant that needs no particular care to overwinter well. Keep watering it through the winter if snows and rains aren't quite enough, and add a thick layer of mulch around the trunk to protect the root system from deep cold.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

Saucer magnolia doesn't suffer from many severe insect or disease issues. However, it can be affected by leaf spots and canker, both caused by fungi. Copper-based fungicides regularly applied (preferably before the spots appear) can prevent fungal leaf spots. Prune away and destroy canker-damaged branches during dry weather, sterilizing the pruning shears after each cut.

Common Problems With Saucer Magnolia

Saucer magnolia is a hardy plant that presents few problems. However, fungal diseases might be an issue.

Spots, Yellowing, or Dropping Leaves

Small brown or black spots, yellowing leaves, or early leaf drops are signs of common disease leaf spot. This condition doesn't require treatment.

Black Growth on Leaves

A black, velvety growth on leaves can indicate sooty mold. Treat this with a strong spray of water across the leaves or a 2 percent solution of horticultural oil for severe cases.

Discolored Rings on Branches

Rings on the larger branches are often the result of sapsuckers, a type of woodpecker. Wrap the branches in burlap or hardware cloth to discourage revisiting.

White Powder on Leaves

This condition is known as powdery mildew, which can make the tree drop yellowed leaves early in the season. To treat, try a solution of 1 tablespoon baking soda to 1 tablespoon of horticultural oil to 1 gallon of water, sprayed thoroughly on the foliage.

Watch Now: How to Prune a Tree

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Saucer Magnolia. Arbor Day Foundation.

  2. Magnolia - Leaf Spots. Pacific North West Pest Management Handbooks, Pacific North West Extension.

  3. Magnolia - Magnolia spp. University of Florida Plant Pathology.

  4. Magnolia. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.

  5. Why are the leaves on my magnolia turning black and attracting wasps? University of New Hampshire.

How to prune a Magnolia, and how NOT to prune a Magnolia |

Materials and Tools

I have two lovely magnolias, a sea view and a husband with a chainsaw,” began the question from one of the women in the audience at the club where I was guest speaker. “He wants to prune the magnolias,” she added. “What should I do?”

I didn’t have a good feeling about future for those magnolias but I did my best to save them with advice about how to deal with the tricky situation.

Beautiful spring flowers on Magnolia

Evidently the magnolias have grown so well they are now blocking the sea view and her chainsaw-wielding hubby enjoys his sea view. This is a common scenario and trees usually come off second best to the view. Pruning the magnolias however was not going to give a good outcome for the homeowners, the view or the tree.

When a magnolia is pruned it loses its naturally rounded shape. Where the stems are cut the plant sends up vertical growth. This strong new growth would quickly block out the view with dense branches. As well, in winter when the tree is bare, the ugly cut branches would be in clear sight, spoiling the view of the sea beyond.

If any pruning is done during hot weather, there’s also a chance that the exposed branches could suffer sunburn leading to dieback.

Rich pink flowers on Magnolia x soulangeana. Photo Sandra Heggen

The trees in question were Magnolia x soulangeana, which is a deciduous, spring-flowering magnolia. It is a classy and beautiful small tree that grows to around 6m high and wide. In summer it is green and leafy but in autumn the leaves fall. With the leaves gone from these trees, the view of the sea would be seen clearly through autumn and winter viewed through a tracery of branches.

Magnolia x soulangeana in flower against a brilliant blue sky is a sight to behold. Photo Sandra Heggen

Come late winter or early spring when the tree blooms on its bare silver branches, the deep pink and white saucer-shaped blooms would look spectacular against the backdrop of the blue sea and sky or even a grey sea and sky.

It is after the flowering as the new leaf growth erupts that the tree will again block out the sea view and the seaside suburb may hear the sound of a revving chainsaw.

 

Pruning tips

I recommended that the garden owner watched the trees over the coming winter to see which minor branches could be carefully pruned away to reveal more of the view. The aim of this type of pruning wouldn’t be to shorten the overall height of the tree, but to thin out the secondary or tertiary branches to create more transparency.

Rather than using the chainsaw, these thinner branches could be removed delicately with secateurs or shears cutting flush with the main branches.

Judicious pruning, such as on these sasanqua camellias, can open up views through without damaging the plant’s overall shape

As pruning encourages new growth, the pruned areas would need to be kept under observation. When new shoots appear, they too should be cut away or better still, rubbed off by hand. This technique is useful for any pruning where clusters of new growth form around a pruning cut. Rubbing away the soft new growth as soon as it emerges gradually deters any further growth.

Japanese gardeners, who know how to wield secateurs to create eye-catching bonsai and topiary plants, describe this type of pruning as:

“creating space for a bird to fly through the branches”

 

Creating more space

Lightening a canopy so it can be looked through is also a handy technique to use to let more light into gardens filled with dense leafy growth. The extra sunlight may mean there’s a chance for flowers, a few vegies or herbs to grow beneath the canopy.

Thinning side growth and clipping the top growth into green ‘clouds’ creates a striking garden feature as well as revealing interesting branches and making space for more plants. Evergreen shrubs such as sasanqua camellia and euonymus are good candidates for this type of pruning.

 

Magnolia Sulange, planting and caring for seedlings

Useful thing, I'll tell you, social networks! Not so long ago I talked with an amateur gardener Elena. I learned that the Sulange (tulip) magnolia grows in her first year. First year and already blooming! I looked at the photo - blooming magnolia - an exquisite decoration of the garden! Elena said a few words about the seedling, but so lovingly, with such admiration that I became infected ... Now I won’t sleep until I plant such a beauty in my house! I decided to look for information, get ready, find out what kind of plant Sulange magnolia is - planting, care - difficult or not.

Tulip magnolia Sulange

Planting and caring for magnolia


Photo of the Sulange flower

Since childhood, I have attributed magnolia to plants that grow on the Black Sea coast. “The sea splashes in the land of magnolias ...” - a song of my youth, to which we danced on an open dance floor in the park. Indeed, she is a resident of the southern regions. Grows in all countries with a warm climate. Pleases tourists, local residents with its magnificent flowering. Many people specially go on vacation to the sea in April-May to combine the useful with the beautiful - to see the magnolias bloom.

But it turns out that in order to enjoy the exquisite flowering, it is not necessary to go south. I was surprised to learn that, for example, a magnolia garden was founded in the Minsk Botanical Garden in Belarus several years ago. This means that this is a southern plant, it can be successfully grown in more northern latitudes.

All over the world it is known not only as a very decorative, but also as a medicinal, even magical tree. There is a legend that if an unmarried girl hugs, touches the trunk of a magnolia, then she will find her betrothed very soon.

In nurseries or gardening centers you can find no single species, variety of magnolia, with crowns of different shapes, for example, bush or standard, with flowers that differ in shape, color. There are seedlings with white, pink, pale yellow, dark red-purple flowers. There are cup-shaped, saucer-shaped, tulip-shaped or goblet-shaped flowers.

Tulip Magnolia Sulange

Magnolia Sulange (lat. Magnolia soulangeana) is a shrub or tree. The height of the tulip magnolia depends on the conditions, the climate of the area where it grows - it ranges from 2-3 to 8 meters. Blooming begins at an early age. It is tolerant of various soil and climatic conditions, can grow even on clay soils, but does not like calcareous soil very much. Draws attention to itself in early spring with spectacular fragrant flowers in the form of a tulip or glass, which bloom on the bushes even before the leaves appear. But even after flowering, the plant looks beautiful with dark green obovate leaves.

Planting and caring for magnolia

I think you already want to have this gorgeous plant in your garden. See if you can find a suitable place for it first. What should this place be like? It should be covered from the scorching rays of the sun from the south side, protected from the wind. Plant a tulip magnolia in partial shade. It is best if your pet seedling is exposed to the sun in the morning.

How to plant magnolia? The landing features are as follows. Dig a planting hole large enough, at least one meter in diameter. But before planting, fill it with a pre-prepared soil mixture, which should contain peat or compost, turf or hardwood, sand. The soil mixture ratio is 2:1:0.5.

There are some peculiarities in caring for seedlings and mature plants. You should not dig the ground around the trunk or plant anything in the near-trunk circle, close to its roots. Try to remove weeds with your hands, not with a hoe. Don't dig up the soil around the tree trunk. Even loosening the soil is not recommended, since the root system of these plants is wide, superficial. For this reason, the soil should always be moist, but moderate. Seedlings equally poorly tolerate stagnant moisture, dryness. Mulch will help retain moisture. Mulching in the spring of the trunk circle is mandatory. As mulch, you can use peat, rotted compost, dry grass.

Magnolias are very fond of not only moist soil, but moisture-saturated air. In summer, with insufficient humidity, they can suffer from dry air. At such a time, the leaves of the plants dry up along the edge and some may even crumble. From time to time, it should be watered by sprinkling on the leaves in the evening or early in the morning.

Regular pruning of magnolia tulips is not necessary. But it is not worth allowing some branches to grow inside the crown. Tops damaged by frost, or dry branches, it is desirable to remove.

Thaws are frequent in the Krasnodar Territory in winter. This is one of the dangers for Sulange magnolia. Since flower buds at such a time can start to grow, and sudden frosts will destroy them.

It can be propagated by green cuttings or cuttings. But I think it's safer to buy a seedling. Experts advise purchasing magnolia tulip seedlings in early spring. It is better if they are already with flowers or buds.

In Anapa in the spring

If you provide your pet with suitable conditions, caring care, Sulange magnolia will undoubtedly delight you every spring with delicious flowering, delicate aroma.

And if you already have Sulange tulip magnolia in your garden, you can show off a photo of your pet. The comment form on our website provides for the possibility of posting a photo.

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photo of a tree, how it blooms, when it blooms in Sochi, Crimea, how it looks, where it grows, poisonous or not, how it smells, dwarf, frost-resistant varieties

Author Igor For reading 29 min. Views 24 Posted

Photos of magnolia tree and flowers: what are the types of exotic plants. When and how much magnolia blooms, can it be planted in the northern regions of Russia.

A tree with large glossy leaves resembling the crown of a potted ficus and exotic saucer-shaped flowers with a divine scent, considered subtropical.

However, many species are quite successfully grown in temperate latitudes. A real spring festival begins in the parks of Western Germany, Transcarpathia, Polissya, when the magnolia blossoms.

Planting and care in the open field are accompanied by measures aimed at protecting the plant from the winter cold, otherwise a deciduous or evergreen tree or shrub requires no more care than other decorative inhabitants of the garden.

According to botanists, the Magnolia family is one of the oldest on Earth. Its first representatives lived 140 million years ago in the era of dinosaurs.

They are considered a transitional link between gymnosperms, or conifers and angiosperms - flowering plants.

The shape of the magnolia fruit in the form of a cone and the abundance of essential oils in all parts of the tree confirm the relationship with conifers.

Together with its congeners in the family Schisandra chinensis, Liriodendron tulipus and Michelia, the magnolia tree, in fact, is the progenitor of all modern floral flora.

Previously, luxurious plants lived in areas much north of the current temperate latitudes, but after the ice ages they disappeared forever from those places.

In the wild, they are now found only in Southeast and East Asia, certain regions of the Far East and the North American continent.

The genus Magnolia got its name in honor of P. Magnol, a French botanist, and at first it was pronounced like this - magnolia.

Over time, the name has acquired a modern sound. There are approximately 240 species in the genus, similar and at the same time different, but always incredibly beautiful plants.

Contents

  1. Types of magnolias and the best varieties with a photo
  2. Planting magnolia in open ground
  3. When to plant
  4. How to plant
  5. How magnolia blooms
  6. When and how magnolia blooms2 in Sochi 90 Crimea
  7. How long does magnolia bloom
  8. How does magnolia smell
  9. What year after planting does magnolia bloom
  10. When to plant magnolia
  11. Description of magnolia
  12. Magnolia - garden decoration
  13. Features of magnolia
  14. Magnolias in their natural environment
  15. Why people love magnolia?
  16. Flower time
  17. Propagation
  18. Propagation by cuttings
  19. Propagation by cuttings
  20. Propagation from seeds
  21. General characteristics
  22. Beautiful and persistent
  23. 1
  24. Magnolia mulching and weeding
  25. Magnolia fertilizer
  26. Flowering period
  27. Magnolia care
  28. Where in Sochi can you see magnolia in bloom?
  29. Interesting facts about magnolia
  30. We will dispel the misconception: “Magnolia is not growing”
  31. diseases and pests of magnolia
  32. Maugnolia Campaign
  33. Mr. Damnik informs: the application of Magnolia
  34. Artificial creation of the processes of flurry
  35. Magnolia species and best varieties with photo

    Magnolia kobus (M. kobus)

    A species of Japanese origin. In its homeland it grows as a large, about 20 m tall tree, but in cultivation it usually does not exceed 10 m.

    The leaves are large, obovate, up to 10-12 cm long. The flowers are milky white, about 10 cm in circumference, bloom just before the foliage appears, usually in May.

    Frost resistant for temperate climates. Propagated by seeds, seedlings bloom very late - in the 8-15th year.

    Pointed magnolia or cucumber tree (M. acuminate)

    Native to North America. One of the most winter-hardy, grown even in Norway and St. Petersburg.

    It grows as a tall tree about 30 m. The leaves are oval, 10-25 cm long.

    The flowers are medium-sized, bell-shaped, the petals are about 5-6 cm long, yellowish-light green in color, formed after the foliage blooms.

    Magnolia stellata (Magnolia stellata)

    Resembles kobus magnolia, but is much smaller and usually grows in the form of a bush.

    The leaves are so narrow that they resemble willow leaves. The flowers are fragrant, small, with narrow numerous petals.

    Blooms early, before leaves appear. Frost resistance is inferior to other species, but is appreciated by flower growers for its diminutiveness: in cultural cultivation it does not exceed 2-2.5 m and is suitable for tub culture.

    Magnolia Rosea (M. stellata Rosea)

    A very graceful and highly ornamental variety of star magnolia rosea (M. stellata Rosea) with a neat oval crown, which looks spectacular in the neighborhood of the crenate holly (Ilex crenata).

    Magnolia Loebneri (M. loebneri)

    A hybrid obtained from the crossing of magnolia kobus and stellate, bred in Germany a century ago.

    It is a deciduous tree or shrub up to 8 m high.

    The petals are milky white, forming first a cup-shaped and then a star-shaped fragrant corolla. Flowering is long, about 12-15 days, early.

    Siebold's Magnolia (M. sieboldii)

    A plant native to Korea, China, Japan, in nature grows into a small tree up to 10 m high or a shrub reaching 2-3 m in height.

    The leaves are relatively large - about 15 cm long and broadly oval . Corollas are cup-shaped with scarlet stamens, about 10 cm in circumference, fragrant and inclined downwards.

    They open in summer - in late June or early-mid July. Gardeners with experience in growing this species claim that it can withstand frosts of 36-39 degrees.

    Magnolia Soulangeana (M. soulangeana)

    A hybrid of crossing magnolia naked and lily-flowered, created by French amateur gardener E. Soulange almost two centuries ago.

    It grows as a small tree about 5 m or a small bush. The leaves are large, up to 15 cm long, obovate.

    Flowers with a delicate pleasant aroma, have a wide goblet shape, painted in various shades from pale pinkish to purple in various varieties, snow-white flowering specimens are also bred.

    They definitely resemble tulips in shape, which is why among gardeners this magnolia is called the tulip tree.

    Sulange Alexandrina

    A popular variety of magnolia Sulange Alexandrina (Alexandrina) with dark purple flowers on the outside and snow-white inside.

    Magnolia Liliiflora (M. liliiflora)

    Most often grows in the form of a bush about 2-3 m high. The foliage is glossy, large and broadly oval.

    Flowers are narrow goblet-shaped, vaguely reminiscent of a lily, purple on the outside, white-pink inside, bloom after the leaves appear.

    Popular varieties are Magnolia Nigra (M. liliiflora Nigra) with a more intense color of the corollas and Magnolia Susan (Magnolia Susan) with a light shade of leaves and lack of shine in them, which blooms in May before the leaves bloom.

    Magnolia obovate or white (M. obovata)

    Large treelike plant native to the South Kuriles and Japan. In nature, it reaches 30 m, but in cultivated cultivation it is slightly lower.

    The leaves are very large, sometimes up to 40 cm long and almost 20 cm wide. The creamy white flowers appear quite small against their background, only 6 cm in circumference, bloom in May or June.

    Magnolia virginiana (M. virginiana)

    North American species, distributed from Florida, Texas and Louisiana to Pennsylvania.

    An almost evergreen tree up to 23 m high, whose foliage is long-lasting and does not fall off until a new one blossoms. Branches with smooth light brownish bark.

    Leaves oblong-oval, up to 15 cm long, rounded at the apex. The flowers are creamy white, cup-shaped, 5-7 cm in circumference, bloom from late June to August.

    Large-leaved magnolia (M. macrophylla)

    Also native to the North American continent, this species extends from Kentucky to the Florida peninsula and further west almost to Arkansas.

    It grows as a tree about 18 m tall with a lush hipped crown. The trunk is up to half a meter or more in circumference, covered with thick grayish bark.

    Foliage is leathery and shiny, with long petioles up to 10 cm. Corollas are creamy white, huge, like saucers, reach 25-30 cm in circumference, very fragrant. They open after the crown blooms from late May to June.

    Ashei magnolia (M. ashei)

    Small tree up to 8 m tall with pubescent young shoots that lose their silvery hairs with age and become covered with dark gray bark.

    The leaves are incredibly large - up to 70 cm long, broadly oval, like a fan, slightly wavy on the rounded top.

    From the outside they are painted in a sparkling light green color, from below a silver-gray shade and slightly pubescent.

    Large-flowered magnolia with corollas opening after the appearance of leaves on the branches in late May - June, almost 20-30 cm in circumference, milky white in color, with a delicate citrus-jasmine scent.

    Betty magnolia (M. Betty)

    A hybrid growing as a shrub about 4 m tall with small obovate leaves about 6-10 cm long.

    Intense purplish-red outside and white-pink inside, with narrow curled petals about 8 cm long.

    One of the early flowering magnolias, it opens its corollas in April and continues to bloom until July.

    Planting magnolia in open ground

    When to plant

    Magnolia can be grown not in every region. When choosing a place for planting it should be noted that this plant is very photophilous. Choose a well-lit area away from tall trees and provide the plant with good protection from east and north winds. In a small shading magnolia can be grown only in the southern regions. The soil on the site should not be too saline or calcareous, and excessively wet, sandy or heavy soil is not suitable. A slightly acidic or neutral soil saturated with organic matter is best suited. When purchasing material for planting, it should be remembered that the height of the seedling should be about 100 centimeters, it should have 1 or 2 buds. It is very good if the seedling has a closed root system, this will completely eliminate its drying out. A magnolia seedling with a closed root system can be transplanted into open soil in spring, summer, and autumn.

    Most experts recommend planting magnolia outdoors in autumn in the second half of October. At this time, the seedling is already at rest. According to statistics, almost 100 percent of seedlings planted in autumn take root. In spring, a seedling is planted in the garden in April, but it should be remembered that even small night frosts cause significant harm to the established trees.

    How to plant correctly

    The size of the hole for planting magnolia must necessarily exceed the volume of the seedling's root system by 2 times. The top nutrient layer of soil that remains after digging the hole must be combined with rotted compost. In the event that the soil is too dense, then a small amount of sand should also be added to it.

    First, a good drainage layer must be made at the bottom of the pit, the thickness of which should be from 15 to 20 centimeters, for this you can use crushed ceramic tiles or broken bricks. A layer of sand fifteen centimeters thick is poured over the drainage. And already a layer of pre-prepared nutrient soil mixture is poured on the sand (the composition is described above). Then, a seedling should be installed in the center of the pit, and it should be taken into account that after planting, its root neck should rise 30–50 mm above the level of the plot. Fill the holes with nutrient soil mixture and slightly compact the surface of the trunk circle. A planted magnolia needs abundant watering. After the liquid is completely absorbed into the soil, the surface of the near-stem circle must be covered with a layer of peat, and a layer of dry coniferous tree bark is laid on top of it. Mulching the soil will prevent it from drying out too quickly.

    How magnolia blooms

    Many varieties of magnolia tend to bloom before the leaves open and pollinators emerge. Depending on the type and variety, the flowers reach from 8 to 25 cm in diameter. Large flowers look especially elegant on bare branches.

    The color intensity depends on the air temperature: the higher it is, the brighter the color. In the evening, the petals close, and the inner ones are very tight. Closed elongated buds resemble unblown tulips. After flowering, fallen petals create a colorful carpet on the soil around the tree.

    When and how magnolias bloom in Sochi

    Various types of magnolias bloom in Sochi from early spring. Depending on weather conditions, the first flowers bloom in late February - early March. Later flowering continues until the end of summer.

    A photo of magnolia blooming in Sochi can be taken not only in many parks and alleys, but also in the botanical garden and arboretum.

    When and how magnolia blossoms in Crimea

    The climate on the southern coast of Crimea is well suited for a delicate flower. The charming flowering of deciduous and evergreen varieties of exotic plants continues all spring and summer, replacing each other. The first photo of a blooming magnolia can be taken as early as March.

    Sulanga is one of the early blooming magnolias in the Crimea. Magnolias do not tolerate the neighborhood of other plants, so nothing distracts the eye from the exquisite and luxurious flowers on the coasts and in parks.

    How long magnolia blooms

    Depending on the growing region, magnolia begins to bloom from late February to early May. At the same time, there are many flowers on the tree in different stages of development, so magnolia blooms from 20 days to several months.

    Smells like magnolia

    Intense, heady, vanilla-citrus aroma of flowers. It is not recommended to pick branches with flowers and put them indoors. With prolonged inhalation of a strong aroma, it causes discomfort, headaches and nausea. To improve well-being, it is enough to remove the flowers and ventilate the room. Some varieties are odorless.

    A sweet, thick, slightly tart fragrance used by perfumers to create premium perfumes.

    What year after planting magnolia blooms

    Magnolia flowering time depends on the method of reproduction and origin.


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