How to prune a small weeping willow tree


Pruning Weeping Willow — Expert Techniques to Easily Trim This Tree

Pruning weeping willow trees is easy if you take care of a few things such as preparing the right tools and timing it correctly. With long cascading foliage, these trees need trimming on an occasional basis. You can trim weeping willow by yourself without much difficulty.

Read our expert gardening tips on when and how you should be pruning willow trees.

Contents

  • How to Prune a Weeping Willow
    • – Get Started With the Right Tools
    • – Start Pruning When They Are Young
    • – Look For the Leaders
    • – Keep the Strong Horizontal Branches
    • – Cut the Branches at an Angle
    • – Remove Protruding Stems
    • – Remove Branches That Are Too Close
    • – Pruning a Mature Willow Tree
    • – Do Not Tear the Tree’s Bark
    • – Post-pruning Care of Willow Tree
  • Common Problems
    • – Tree Bleeds a Lot of Sap
    • – Difficulty in Identifying the Central Leader
    • – Dealing With Thick Foliage
    • – Avoiding Over-pruning
  • When to Prune Weeping Willow
    • – Season of Year to Prune Weeping Willow
    • – Months of the Year To Trim Weeping Willow
    • – Right Stage of the Plant To Trim Weeping Willow
  • Conclusion

How to Prune a Weeping Willow

Proper tools and correct timing are essential factors for pruning a weeping willow. Weeping willows, with their long feeble stems, grow rapidly. If not trimmed, the tree can block out light if you have it in your home garden. Thus, it is important to trim them at regular intervals.

Read on to find out how you can trim a weeping willow without damaging the tree.

– Get Started With the Right Tools

Before you start trimming a weeping willow, make sure you have the right tools. You don’t need special or sophisticated equipment, a few basic ones such as pruning shears or a running saw should do. 

For small twigs, use hand pruners or pole pruners. For larger stems, use long-handled loppers which will give you a clean cut. Use a saw for large portions of the trunk and thicker growths.

– Start Pruning When They Are Young

Pruning willow trees is easier when they are young. At the nascent stage, the trees are durable and pliable, so you can give them a better shape without requiring major changes later.

– Look For the Leaders

The leader on the willow tree is the upright dominant stem or the main trunk. The first step when you trim a willow tree is to look for the leaders. Select the central stem and keep it intact before starting to prune. 

When you prune a small weeping willow tree, ensure you handle the central leader with care. This will make sure that it later develops into a strong tree trunk.

– Keep the Strong Horizontal Branches

Keep the strong horizontal branches of the weeping willow intact. Do not cut them during your trimming process. 

What you should trim off are those branches that form a V-shaped junction at the trunk of the tree. These branches break off and are likely to create a mess around the tree.

– Cut the Branches at an Angle

The right way to cut the tree branches of a weeping willow is to work them at an angle. For small sections of the branch, work your way at a 45-degree angle. Cutting at an angle helps the tree to heal faster. 

For heavier branches, use a 3-part cut. Start at the lower part of the branch, which is called the undercut. Work your way to the top half of the branch, which is the top cut. 

The last step will be to use a saw on the leftover wood. Keep the stub cut above any sprouting buds.

– Remove Protruding Stems

Larger willow trees can have more than one central stem. This is okay, as long as you can keep the sturdy one and remove the extra protruding stems. Try and remove the weaker ones from the central stem.

It is important to remove all extra growth from the central stem. With the help of pole pruners, remove overgrown branches at the ground level. Also, saw all branches dangling low and close to the ground. 

– Remove Branches That Are Too Close

Branches that are too close together rub against each other. This friction makes them break away and fall to the ground, creating a huge mess below the tree. 

Remove branches that are too close together to reduce the risk of falling branches. It also gives the tree room to grow.  

Evenly spacing out the branches around the tree also allows for good air circulation. 

– Pruning a Mature Willow Tree

A mature willow tree can have many branches that are heavy, long and hang downwards. These branches can break during strong winds. 

When pruning mature willow trees, first remove the large branches that are vulnerable to breakage. Saw out all branches that can sweep the ground. You can also shorten the branches by placing a cut just above a leaf bud. 

An easier way to control the growth of foliage in mature willow trees is to catch them soon. Pinch any new growth as soon as you spot them with your fingers.

– Do Not Tear the Tree’s Bark

Pruning shears may often be sharp. While executing your pruning cuts, be careful not to tear the bark of the tree. Be gentle and use only slight force while trimming weeping willows. 

Take extra care with the young and small weeping willow trees. Their branches are more slender and heavy force can damage the bark of the tree.  

– Post-pruning Care of Willow Tree

As essential as it is to prune the willow tree, it is equally important to care for them post-pruning. This will encourage new growth and keep the tree away from susceptible diseases. 

Remove all pruned leaves and branches from around the tree and provide spring feeding after pruning. Rake in ammonium sulfate under the tree into the soil without disturbing the roots of the tree.

 

Common Problems

Pruning comes with its share of challenges. When you begin your process, here are the most common problems you might encounter.

– Tree Bleeds a Lot of Sap

When you cut the trunk of a willow tree, it can sometimes sever it enough for the sap to ooze out. This can happen if you are pruning the tree either too late or too early.  

– Difficulty in Identifying the Central Leader

It can often become difficult to identify the central leader amidst thick foliage. To tackle this, start by pruning all branches four feet towards the center of the tree. Cut back the larger branch of the trunk. 

Also, trim those branches that cross each other. This will help you spot the central leader of the weeping willow.

– Dealing With Thick Foliage

The thick foliage of the weeping willow is a tedious task to prune. Work your way from outside to inside and begin from the hanging, low-lying branches. Slowly prune your way into the closely packed branches. 

To avoid dealing with thick foliage, prune while the tree is still young.

– Avoiding Over-pruning

As important as it is to prune, it is a common occurrence to go overboard. In the entire process of removing branches and placing cuts, it becomes difficult to know when one is over-pruning.

The best way to avoid this is to remember that you don’t have to remove every branch. Doing so removes the photosynthetic capacity of the tree. Identify the right branches to cut and work your way slowly pruning the weeping willow. 

When to Prune Weeping Willow

Willow trees need pruning in the right season and months, otherwise, you will be inhibiting their growth. You can even cause potential damage to the tree with wrongly-timed pruning. Here are the guidelines to take note of when you’re planning to prune your willow tree. 

– Season of Year to Prune Weeping Willow

The right season to prune weeping willows is in winter and early spring. This is the season the tree stays dormant. By trimming willow trees in winter, you also give the tree enough time to recover by spring.

Fall can also be an ideal season. As the tree sheds its leaves, it becomes easier for you to access the strong main branches.

In other seasons, the tree bleeds a lot of sap. Keep the summer months for the tree to actively grow.

– Months of the Year To Trim Weeping Willow

The winter months of December and January are suitable to trim the weeping willow. Avoid the months of April to July as they are warmer months, and weeping willow trees thrive well in warm weather. The tree also blooms in these months and pruning during blooming time is not advisable. 

You can set aside a few days to trim by the end of March. Use this time for basic pruning as it can otherwise reduce the tree’s growth during the summer season. 

– Right Stage of the Plant To Trim Weeping Willow

The right stage to prune a weeping willow tree is when the plant is still young. A younger plant will respond well to pruning, and it will also encourage the growth of the central stem. 

In case you missed pruning at the nascent stage, do not worry. You can still trim the tree when it matures. Nip the extra unwanted growth as soon as you spot them by pinching them with your fingers.  

Conclusion

Having read the steps involved in pruning a weeping willow tree, you know that it is an easy process. Let us summarize again how you need to go about pruning a weeping willow.

  • Get started with the right tools
  • Start pruning when the trees are still young
  • Keep the strong horizontal branches
  • Remove protruding stems
  • Cut the branches at an angle
  • Prune during winter or early spring

With a little care and the right season and time, you can prune a weeping willow all by yourself without difficulty, so get your pruning equipment out and work your way to trimming that tree!

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How to Trim Weeping Willows | Home Guides

By Jann Seal Updated November 02, 2021

Quietly hugging the shore of a meandering stream, the leaves of a weeping willow (Salix babylonica) tree are reflected in the calmness of the water, completing a picture of tranquility often found in paintings. Pruning a weeping willow helps form the round canopy of the tree so that its branches produce the long, graceful leaves that gently weep to the ground or water underneath.

Weeping willows thrive in U.S.D.A. hardiness zones 4-10 and are best planted away from homes, buildings, driveways or patios due to their adventurous root systems and fast-growing tendencies, resulting in weak branches that are easily broken, according to Southern Living.

Tip

The willow tree plays a role in several religions. Jews feature pruned willow fronds in their festival of Sukkot; for Buddhists the fronds represent compassion, and in China the leaves are thought to ward off evil. When pruned, the bark and leaves form the basis for what we know today as aspirin, according to The Tree Center.

Types of Weeping Willow Trees

The weeping willow is but one of about 400 species of willow trees, ranging from just 2 inches high to over 60 feet. The weeping willow requires an abundance of water.

The white willow tree (Salix alba) grows to about 75 feet with leaves that are green and white. Popular in the United Kingdom, its bark has a strong medicinal link to aspirin. The golden weeping willow (Salix sepulcralis 'Chrysocoma'), a cross between the white willow and weeping willow, favors temperate climates and is the most popular willow in the southern U.S.

All weeping willows are fast-growing and produce invasive roots that can uproot foundations, driveways, sewage lines and septic tanks. Planting them away from infrastructure allows you to appreciate their beauty without bemoaning their aggression. The bottom line to successful growth is to give the weeping willow space to branch out.

Pruning a Weeping Willow

As with most trees, training and pruning takes place primarily in the tree’s early years. Pruning gives the tree a strong structure, according to the University of Florida Extension. Pruning when young also helps the tree develop a strong central trunk and wide branch crotches. Suckers and thin stems should also be removed. Snipping the branches in late winter or early spring encourages new branch growth, writes This Old House, but give a new tree at least a year to acclimate after planting before pruning.

If there is more than one strong central stem, choose the strongest and straightest one and remove the other(s). As weeping willows are susceptible to disease, be sure to wipe the blades with rubbing alcohol as you trim, as described by the YouTube video by Brainy Garden. After pruning, be sure the tree is given a shot of water during its growing season. Mulching also helps maintain a continuous moisture level.

Post-Pruning of a Willow Tree

While weeping willows grow well in almost all soil conditions, they are susceptible to many diseases. It is recommended that all pruned leaves and branches be removed immediately from under the tree and burned. The tree is low maintenance, but a spring feeding after pruning encourages new growth. Apply 1/2-pound of ammonium sulfate per 100 square feet under the tree's canopy, then rake it into the soil. Don’t disturb the tree’s roots, however.

The weak branches of the weeping willow are susceptible to damage from high winds. If branches break off, trim the broken or split branches with a pruning saw as soon as possible, and examine the branches for additional dead wood. Cut back on an angle to healthy wood.

References

  • This Old House: Weeping Willow
  • University of Florida IFAS Extension: Salix babylonica: Weeping Willow
  • Southern Living: The Only Good Place for a Weeping Willow
  • YouTube: Brainy. Garden: How to Prune a Weeping Willow
  • The Tree Center: Everything to Know Before You Buy Weeping Willow Trees

Resources

  • University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension: Pruning Deciduous Landscape Trees

Tips

  • To create small ornamental willows, cut young trees back to a few inches tall each winter. New growth will form into tight, rounded clusters of foliage.

Warnings

  • Prune young trees only in the fall or late winter to avoid stunting tree growth.
  • Do not remove upward-growing branches on naturally weeping trees, as opposed to grafted varieties. Upper branches on natural trees will develop arches as they grow.

Writer Bio

A versatile writer, Jann enjoys research as well as doing the actual writing. A career in television writing, as a magazine contributor and editor and celebrity interviewer, Jann adapts to her environment, having traveled the world, living overseas and packing and unpacking her treasures for a new location over 30 times.

Willow pruning and crown shaping

Contents

  • Description of the plant
  • Growing the tree
  • Common willow species and pruning

It is very nice to have an ornamental tree in the garden that is its accent. Weeping willow can become such a tree. It can be both an element of the garden, decorating the flower garden, and a canopy, under which benches are located.

Description of the plant

There are many forms of wood in nature. They come in both huge species and small shrubs. We grow about 100 of them.

Willow is interesting for its decorative effect. It has a see-through and transparent crown, which reaches 25 meters. The trunk is strong with gray bark. At first, the crown of the tree has a columnar shape, which after a while becomes sprawling and wide. The branches are thin and very flexible. Their bark is light, green, and purple. The shoots are directed upwards, and the lateral ones hang down. Petiolate leaves are alternately located on them. The shape of the leaf is elliptical, some species are characterized by long and narrow. The color of the foliage is dark green, from below it is lighter or bluish. Flowers inconspicuous in the form of earrings. Their flowering begins before the growth of foliage in early spring. A fruit is formed in the form of a box with small seeds, pubescent on top. They are capable of being carried by the wind over long distances.

Growing a tree

Willow is grown in an open area on all sides, which has a neutral or slightly acidic, highly humus loamy soil.

The wood does not particularly like excessive moisture. If the soil around it is too wet, then the roots slow down their development. This, of course, is reflected in the surface part of the tree. Willow has enough natural rainfall, so it does not need to be watered additionally. The exception would be a prolonged drought. During these periods, watering is allowed once every 10 days. It is advisable to simultaneously spray the crown of the tree with the help of sprayers at the same time as watering.

In order for a tree to develop well, it is provided with the right top dressing. Recycled organic matter is used. It is brought in along with digging the trunk ring. It is recommended to apply a bucket of organic matter and up to 100 grams of mineral fertilizer per plant. Willow is fed in spring and autumn.

The willow is not touched for the first four years. In subsequent years, willow pruning is recommended in order to form it. If this is not done, then the crown becomes rare and not dense, because of which the decorative appearance is lost. Hence the question arises, how to cut the willow correctly? Consider this with examples of the most common types of wood in our country.

Common willow species and their pruning

The tree tolerates pruning well. It is carried out after the plant grows about a meter. All shoots are cut to 30 centimeters. Usually the procedure is best done in the spring. Trees that are actively growing are pruned in the summer. And so, in the summer, only dead shoots are removed. As a result of pruning, the willow becomes attractive, and its bark becomes denser.

The following species are most often grown in our parks and require special shaping pruning:

  1. White willow. Frost-resistant powerful look, which has a shapeless crown. It is formed by straight branches, with outgoing drooping shoots. The tree independently forms a crown, but due to uneven growth it can break, so it is formed in the early stages. Pruning helps spread the branches evenly. For this purpose, a young tree is cut into a stump to form pronounced shoots.

The tree is formed as a standard tree. Leave the main trunk, and remove all the kidneys that form below two meters. Superfluous, from above located, are removed evenly. When you have properly formed the skeleton of the tree, you will need minor pruning later on.

In order to grow a tree with shoots that are spectacular in color, it is necessary to carry out pruning every year for a stump, maybe for a trunk. Its height will vary from half a meter to one and a half meters, it all depends on the desired effect.

The shape and height of the pruning is set early, as adult specimens do not respond well to large wounds, because these places are infected with rot, and hollows form there.

If dangerously located large branches need to be removed from a tree, then the procedure should be performed by a professional, if a similar situation repeats, it is better to cut the old tree and plant the young. White willow is considered the largest species

  1. Goat willow. Frost-resistant tree with a crown in the form of an umbrella. This species is compact and slow growing. In the spring, he forms a lot of male earrings. Mostly weeping standard trees are for sale. They are a cultivated form that is grafted onto a cleaned stem. Its average height is 1.5 meters. This species is not picky about pruning in order to form a crown, it is enough just to cut it so that it does not thicken and does not fall to the ground.

During maintenance annual pruning, half of the branches are removed, creating an airy foliage. These shoots will grow to the ground at the end of the growing season. It is also necessary to thin out the branches in the middle of the crown, so a through canopy is formed in the form of an umbrella. Next, side shoots that are outside are removed. The remaining branches are shortened to half the size. In the spring, when the active growth of the shoots begins, all traces of pruning will be masked. Any buds that appear below the graft should be removed.

  1. Funeral willow. This is a conical frost-resistant species. It is a hybrid of white willow and Babylon. Interesting bright green foliage and yellow shoots.

In young growth, they try to form a strong trunk with horizontally arranged branches. Withstand the height of the bole from 1.5 to 2 meters. As the willow grows, the central shoot is shortened so that the crown expands and takes on a weeping appearance. Over the years, the tree grows in height due to individual shoots directed upwards, but they gradually begin to droop over the course of the year. They should not be removed, since direct growth is a temporary phenomenon. Every year a new such shoot will appear, due to which the crown gradually becomes cascading. When the tree is fully formed, then pruning will be negligible. It is necessary to thin them out so that light and air get inside the plant. This strengthens the side branches, their weight gradually increases with the growth of the crown in width. Deep pruning on willow does not work well.

ᐉ How to trim the IVU weaver

Content:

  • Planting and Care
  • Problems when caring for Kozya Ivai
  • Tree in landscape design
  • Description of the winding willow
  • 9000
  • Popular varieties
    • ERITRITROSUOS »
    • Coral
    • Crispa
    • Tortuosa
    • Ural twisted
  • Which weeping trees are found
  • Plant description
  • Purple Nana
  • Goat willow (kilmarnik)
  • Growing a tree
  • Growing a tree
  • How to form a willow on a stem
    • When to cut?
    • How to cut?
    • What must be taken into account when cutting?
    • How many prunings should be done in a summer?
    • How to decorate?
  • Use in landscape design
  • Propagation
  • Willow sinuous in landscape design
  • Rules for the planting of willow type
    • Care for willow spherical and pruning
  • Purple lighthouse and just a purple -purple
  • Why do you need a pruning of
  • pruning and caring for weeping trees
  • 9000
  • IVIA winding

Planting and care

Globular willow grows fast. Cuttings are harvested in the fall, and in the spring, when the buds begin to bloom, they are planted. Willow thrives in slightly acidic soil. How to plant a willow:

  • if the soil is very dense, it is recommended to add sand to it;
  • a hole is being prepared, 50 cm deep;
  • fertilizer must be added to the prepared soil mixture;
  • the shoot is placed in a recess and sprinkled with an earthen mixture;
  • the plant needs abundant watering after planting.

Willow is easy to care for. If you plant a plant in the right place, where it will be provided with water, then care will be needed only to give a decorative look, and will consist in forming a crown to the taste of the owner. In hot weather, it may be necessary to water once a week, 40 liters per large bush and timely irrigation of the crown. Twice a year, along with watering, it is recommended to feed with fertilizers.

Goat willow care problems

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Willow rarely gets infected with any diseases. Sometimes it can be found on a white coating on the leaves of a tree. This is powdery mildew. It develops with a fungal infection. Leaves that are located on the lower crowns are mainly affected.

In a neglected situation, the foliage begins to turn yellow and fall off. Tree treatment consists in the timely removal of bad leaves. To combat the fungus, you can use special antifungal drugs.

It is not uncommon to find small black spots on the leaves of the tree. This is a black spot, which is caused by marsupial fungi. To prevent further spread of spots, the leaves should not come into contact with water. It is also necessary to carry out weeding in a timely manner and remove debris under the tree.

Goat willow may be susceptible to pests such as willow leafworm or flower fly. This is one of the most important pests of the tree. To get rid of them, you should purchase a special chemical preparation in a flower shop and spray the tree with it.

Flower fly larvae can be removed by watering the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Insecticides may also be used.

If the willow is properly and timely cared for, then in the spring you can observe its beautiful flowering.

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A tree in landscape design

How to prune a two-year-old pear tree

they buy only exotic decorative types of trees and forget about very simple and undemanding ones to care for. Often, in their beauty, they are not at all inferior to expensive species of trees. These trees include a hybrid willow of the spherical type, it is cultivated throughout the Russian Federation.

For the design of any garden plot, you need to find and plant this tree in the spring. And you can cut off only a few twigs from it, then just plant them in the ground. And already in the next season, a spherical aesthetic type of plant will begin to grow on the site. Willow can grow up to 20 meters.

Its stems with leaves are concentrated at the top of the crown itself and give a rather pretty look. It contains giant leaves, with small notches along the very edges, the top of the leaf is greenish, and the bottom is blue.

Foliage becomes light green in autumn. Flowering of the plant occurs in early spring and occurs during the blooming of its buds. The shiny twigs are distinguished by an olive tint, and when planted, they take root quite smoothly. The tree is undemanding, cold-resistant and tolerates pruning very well.

Willow looks quite nice in a single and mass planting of 4-6 pieces. There is a type of willow brittle under the name Willow Bulat of the spherical type.

  • Plant of medium size, about 7 m, but sometimes growing up to 15 m.
  • The diameter of the crown has the ability to grow up to 8 m.
  • The crown is dense, decorative, interesting spherical and sometimes domed.

Elongated and slightly pointed and green leaves are concentrated at the top of the crown. Shoots are distinguished by an olive tint. Damask steel is undemanding, very resistant to drafts. It will not freeze even in severe cold, it can tolerate up to -50 Co. While maintaining trimming, it is possible to cut any kind of shape and any height.

Willow is often planted next to tall and massive ornamental tree types. One or two willows or a certain number of these trees: for example, with Japanese willow, look even more picturesque on the banks of ponds or other artificial reservoirs, they can still be used for hedges. As a result of the work of a scientist from the Urals, another type of decorative frost-resistant willow was created - this is a dwarf.

This ball in diameter can grow up to 3 meters, and with constant pruning, the crown becomes much denser. One-year stems have a red tint. The leaves are small, up to 10 mm, with small notches along the very edges and not voluminous pubescence on both sides.

It is characterized by the highest winter hardiness, resistance to parasites and infections, it tolerates frequent pruning very well. Good for making green hedges.

Curvy Willow Description

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The general description of the curvy willow includes an important distinguishing feature - a curved trunk, branches and twisted narrow leaves. The decorative shape of the branches contributes to the wide use of the variety for creating garden bonsai and original landscape compositions. Willow perfectly tolerates a haircut, which allows you to adjust the shape and density of the crown. Now we will consider the most common decorative varieties that are widely used in landscape design.

Matsudana willow is very popular among gardeners. This is a medium-sized tree or shrub, growing up to 4 - 13 m in height and up to 7 m in width. Its crown can be formed in the process of growth, it responds well to a haircut. The leaves are narrow oblong, 5-10 cm long, green above, blue or white below, wrapped in incomplete spirals. The flowering period is March-April. It tolerates almost all garden soils, but grows best on moderately moist, sandy-clay soils. Willow Matsudana requires mandatory corrective pruning, otherwise the crown becomes too dense.

The plant is very unpretentious, but for its good development it needs a lot of moisture and light. It should not be planted in a draft, the cold north wind has a particularly negative effect on it.

Winter hardiness of the species is satisfactory: in severe frosts it is possible to freeze areas that are not protected by snow cover. Many gardeners advise additional warming of this plant in winter.

Willow Sverdlovsk winding Ural selection is better suited for our climate. The tree has a height of 2 - 4 m. The crown is oval or broadly oval, sometimes consists of several thin trunks, medium density, slightly weeping. Its spiraling greenish-olive or reddish-brown shoots become glossy brown in the sun. The leaves are light green, slightly pubescent above, and below - gray, moderately pubescent.

Ural willow winding willow is relatively undemanding to soil fertility. He loves light, so planting is recommended in open sunny areas with moist soil. The plant is highly frost-resistant and easily withstands harsh winters. It is slightly affected by pests and fungal diseases, perfectly tolerates pruning.

Brittle willow

A small tree, more like a shrub. Habitats - very wet soil and even slightly flooded places. At least, he likes to settle in flood floodplains, where he successfully copes with the functions of drainage plants.

Soft, rounded, cloud-like crown. Green foliage by autumn acquires a beautiful lemon-yellow color, which looks great against the backdrop of floodplain or swampy meadows.

Pruning is done already in the third year of life, the standard form is preferable, in which the tree will not be allowed to branch

Particular attention should be paid to cutting off shoots that stretch inside the crown - they can create an airtight network of branches and foliage, in which pests will start up very quickly.

But along with the thinning of the central part of the array of branches, it is necessary to follow the upward ones, which are also undesirable. They leave mainly the lateral part of the crown, and in the fall, the newly formed buds are additionally cut off on these branches.

Popular Varieties

There are several popular curvy willow varieties that are suitable for planting not only in home gardens but also in parks or gardens. This beautiful climbing tree with a snake-shaped trunk will be a real decoration of any place.

Erythroflexuosis

The tree can grow up to 8 meters in height. Its diameter reaches 4 meters. The crown is dense and delicate, and the leaves are up to 11 centimeters long. Graceful decorative willow matsudan "Erythroflexuosa" was grown in Japan. For this reason, she is very fond of the sun's rays. It must be planted in a place where there are no drafts and a lot of sun.

This type of tree grows very quickly. In the first year, the willow adds 1 meter in height. You can plant a tree from April to October. However, if the root system is open, this should only be done in the spring.

Coral

This hybrid willow can be either a shrub or a tree. Its height is within 4 meters. The crown of the plant is spherical and densely branched. Winding shoots have a bluish color. Beautiful curly crown looks great even in winter.

"Crispa"

This is a dwarf tree, the height of which does not exceed 2 meters. The special beauty of the willow "Crispa" is given by dark green leaves, a bit reminiscent of the petals of a homemade decorative rose.

Such a plant is afraid of frost, but in case of damage it quickly recovers. Most often, this variety is used to form green fences or decorative labyrinths.

Tortuosa

This spiral yellow willow is also quite popular. The plant is a shrub, the size of which is not more than 2 meters in height. The branches have a golden hue and look beautiful against the background of bright green leaves.

It is worth noting that "Tortuosa" prefers places where there is a lot of light and heat. She also loves constant watering.

Ural twisted

This willow variety is no less attractive than the Japanese "Matsuda". However, it is more adapted to the Russian climate. The height of the tree is in the range of 3-3.5 meters. Spiral-shaped shoots have a grayish tint, but in the sun they become glossy. Pruning can be done at any time of the year. It is often used as a hedge.

Which weeping trees are found

Weeping tree form can be formed in 2 ways: natural and artificial. Artificially, the crown is either formed in various ways, or grafted onto a trunk. Some types of willows, birches, mountain ash have natural "weeping".

Almost all trees with flexible branches or creepers are suitable for artificial formation of weeping forms. Especially such as: goat willow, drooping birch, mountain ash, willow pear, tree-like caragana (aka yellow acacia), hazel, common mountain ash, linden, apple tree, larch, pine, spruce. Even creepers (roses, wisteria, etc.) can be grown on the trunk, creating weeping forms.

Description of the plant

There are many forms of wood in nature. They come in both huge species and small shrubs. About 100 of them grow in our country.

Willow is interesting for its decorative effect. It has a see-through and transparent crown, which reaches 25 meters. The trunk is strong with gray bark. At first, the crown of the tree has a columnar shape, which after a while becomes sprawling and wide. The branches are thin and very flexible. Their bark is light, green, and purple. The shoots are directed upwards, and the lateral ones hang down. Petiolate leaves are alternately located on them. The shape of the leaf is elliptical, some species are characterized by long and narrow. The color of the foliage is dark green, from below it is lighter or bluish. Flowers inconspicuous in the form of earrings. Their flowering begins before the growth of foliage in early spring. A fruit is formed in the form of a box with small seeds, pubescent on top. They are capable of being carried by the wind over long distances.

Purple Nana

The smallest variety of purple willows, not exceeding 1.6 meters in height. Flowers during flowering in May are light green, oblong in shape. The branches are red-brown, the foliage is gray-green, in autumn it turns yellow-green, and falls off in this form.

The crown in its natural state is semi-circular, but with a very irregular circumferential distribution. Therefore, the task of those who take up cutting a tree will be to give the crown a mushroom shape.

In the radial branches of the purple willow Nana, it is also advisable to cut off the extra buds that can form lateral superfluous shoots penetrating the crown in all directions - only the radial ones should remain!

Goat willow (kilmarnik)

Has an interesting crown shape - in the form of an umbrella. It grows slowly, looks compact and neat. Resistant to frost, which is why it is used almost throughout Russia, except for the polar and subpolar regions.

You can buy goat willow in nurseries and botanical gardens, where they usually sell ready-made standard forms of the tree. This is a cultivated species grafted onto a cleaned trunk, quite viable and hardened. It is not demanding for crown-forming pruning, it is enough just to prevent strong thickening and reaching branches with earth leaves.

The annual pruning of the goat willow is usually reduced to the fact that up to half of the branches are removed, which should ensure the airiness of the crown. If the pruning was correct, then by the end of the growing season, that is, by autumn, the lashes that have grown down should reach the ground with the tips of the leaves.

The outermost side shoots of the goat willow must also be removed. If this is not done, the total mass of branches will become impenetrable to sunlight, which will create a musty atmosphere inside the crown. The remaining branches in autumn, on the eve of wintering, are shortened to half their autumn size. The kidneys that will appear below the vaccination are also removed.

The height of the tree depends on the place of grafting.

Growing a tree

Willow is grown in an open area on all sides, which has a neutral or slightly acidic, highly humus loamy soil.

The wood does not particularly like excessive moisture. If the soil around it is too wet, then the roots slow down their development. This, of course, is reflected in the surface part of the tree. Willow has enough natural rainfall, so it does not need to be watered additionally. The exception would be a prolonged drought. During these periods, watering is allowed once every 10 days. It is advisable to simultaneously spray the crown of the tree with the help of sprayers at the same time as watering.

In order for a tree to develop well, it is provided with the right top dressing. Recycled organic matter is used. It is brought in along with digging the trunk ring. It is recommended to apply a bucket of organic matter and up to 100 grams of mineral fertilizer per plant. Willow is fed in spring and autumn.

The willow is not touched for the first four years. In subsequent years, willow pruning is recommended in order to form it. If this is not done, then the crown becomes rare and not dense, because of which the decorative appearance is lost. Hence the question arises, how to cut the willow correctly? Consider this with examples of the most common types of wood in our country.

Growing a tree

Willow is grown in an open area on all sides, which has a neutral or slightly acidic, highly humus loamy soil.

The wood does not particularly like excessive moisture. If the soil around it is too wet, then the roots slow down their development. This, of course, is reflected in the surface part of the tree. Willow has enough natural rainfall, so it does not need to be watered additionally. The exception would be a prolonged drought. During these periods, watering is allowed once every 10 days. It is advisable to simultaneously spray the crown of the tree with the help of sprayers at the same time as watering.

In order for the tree to develop well, it is provided with the right top dressing. Recycled organic matter is used. It is brought in along with digging the trunk ring. It is recommended to apply a bucket of organic matter and up to 100 grams of mineral fertilizer per plant. Willow is fed in spring and autumn.

The willow is not touched for the first four years. In subsequent years, willow pruning is recommended in order to form it. If this is not done, then the crown becomes rare and not dense, because of which the decorative appearance is lost. Hence the question arises, how to cut the willow correctly? Consider this with examples of the most common types of wood in our country.

How to properly form a willow on a trunk

Goat willow on a Pendula trunk has recently become extremely popular in gardens. Gardeners like the unusual shape of the plant, decorativeness, the ability to form a tree at their discretion, as well as its compactness.

In order for the willow on the trunk to retain its height and shape for a long time, it must be cut correctly. Otherwise, the branches will not grow at all the way you want, they will lie down in a shapeless mass on the ground, and willow will lose its decorative effect. Correcting the shape of the tree in the future will not be easy.

Let me tell you about my experience of forming Pendula willow on a bole. At the end of the article, I will share how to add zest to your willow.

When to prune?

Pendula goat willow should be pruned in spring after flowering. It blooms from late April to May, for about two weeks. Golden-yellow catkins bloom on the tree. An earlier pruning will deprive you of this beauty. Therefore, we cut the willow around the beginning of May, when it fades and the earrings begin to fall off.

How to cut?

Willow requires a fairly drastic pruning. Therefore, we will remove the pruner and shorten the shoots . We leave short "stumps" 10-15 cm long with several pairs of buds.

What must be observed when trimming?

The main thing is to cut on a bud, which on a branch does not look down or into the center of the crown, but up (or in extreme cases to the side). The shoot from such a bud will bend beautifully when it grows back.

Don't worry, the willow won't last long in such an unprepossessing form. Rapidly growing branches will soon give it a presentable look, and such a cardinal haircut will only benefit the tree.

But don't forget to water and feed the willow after shearing.

How many prunings should be done during the summer?

Formative pruning may be needed in the future, and not just one. Within a month and a half, the branches of your willow, especially if the stem is low, will begin to lie on the ground.

They can be shortened. Summer pruning will wake up other buds, and your tree will soon begin to branch even more.

Over the summer, new shoots, if left uncut, can grow up to 3 meters long or even more. They will crawl on the ground.

Each subsequent shortening of the shoots will stimulate the growth of new shoots from the higher buds. So Pendula will become like a ball, umbrella or candelabra. In the spring, such strong shoots are sure to bloom.

How to make it decorative?

Some growers strip the leaves of the curved tops of branches to show the pattern created by the branches.

Weeping tree forms. Pruning, crown formation compositions with other trees of other or the same species.

To get a willow hedge, seedlings must be planted at a distance of one and a half meters from each other. Shady alleys are planted in the same way, only for this it is necessary to form a second row of trees. To make the view more spectacular, the branches above the alley can be connected. It takes no more than two years for the branches to close completely and form a green tunnel.

Gardeners with experience can create truly amazing figures of absolutely any shape from willow. You can plant one globular willow, creating plot views around it with the help of stone and wooden decorations. You can create a Japanese corner in the garden that will delight the owners with its appearance in any season.

In large areas where there are small lakes and transparent ponds with beautiful fish, willow will look great at the very edge of the water, creating shade for garden visitors walking in the heat. Under such a tree, you can put a bench or swing.

Propagation

Propagation of globular willow is by seeds or cuttings. The method of propagation by seeds rarely ends in success, since they are not yet ripe, they fly off the branches as soon as the wind blows. Therefore, cuttings are considered to be a more reliable method of reproduction.

Planting is done in autumn, when the cutting has already formed roots. But until that time, it needs to be prepared and ensure the growth of the root system. To do this, in the spring, cut cuttings of 20 cm each and place them in a box with calcined and well-moistened sand. No more than half of the cutting should be visible on the surface.

Branches for grafting should be chosen young, but they must have 6-7 formed buds. It is necessary to maintain soil moisture and air temperature around 22 ° C. After one and a half to two months, the roots will form, and the plant can be transplanted into the ground. The main thing is to do this before October, otherwise the plant will have to spend the winter in the greenhouse until spring.

Winding willow in landscape design

Various photos of winding willows in landscape design of garden plots will not leave anyone indifferent. These trees look great all year round, even in winter, so they will be a great decoration for any garden.

Matsudana willow has a thick winding trunk and thin brittle branches. This is due to the uneven thickening of the branches and trunk during growth. Young shoots are slightly pubescent, olive in color, with time they become bare and brown. The intense reddish-brown color of the branches is especially noticeable in winter when the plant is dormant. The decorativeness of the Sverdlovsk willow lies in the wide oval crown, which consists of several thin trunks with winding, slightly weeping shoots and twisted leaves.

The tree looks great both alone and in a group. It is used to create decorative permanent and seasonal compositions. Looks great willow decorative winding near the pond. The dense crown is a wonderful shelter from the sun's rays and an excellent backdrop for lawn decoration.

Willow has a very well developed root system, so these trees are often used to strengthen sandy soil and the banks of artificial reservoirs.

Rules for planting globular willow

In planting and care, the tree is absolutely undemanding, like rosemary willow, but you should follow the basic rules. The drop off area must be open.

The tree can grow literally on all types of soil, except for overdried sandy soil. But more than others, clay soil, with a high level of moisture, is suitable for it. Landing is best done in the spring, when the soil is still damp.

It is better to root young cuttings not in water, but in the ground itself. Ignoring the fact that the seedlings themselves are more likely to start their roots in a container with water, but it is during planting in the soil that the plant is accepted much better and subsequently there are fewer difficulties. Often, the procedure for planting a cutting can lead to the death of a seedling.

Globular willow care and pruning

This tree is very moisture-loving, the first year after planting it needs constant watering. And in the hottest weather from June to August, a mature tree urgently asks for auxiliary irrigation of its crown.

Every year, in spring, the soil around the trunk must be carefully loosened and group fertilizers applied. And at the very end of summer, you need to feed the soil with superphosphate, as well as fertilizer with potassium sulfate.

Willow is quite often used in garden design of any area and just needs regular shaping. The first year after planting, the plant should not be cut. And when growing about 1 meter, you need to start cutting the stems.

What is this procedure? In the very early spring, young shoots need to be cut by about 20 centimeters, while it is very important not to touch the buds at the very ends of the branches.

All shoots should be cut at a slight angle so that liquid cannot stagnate on the cutting plane. It has the ability to cause wood decay. It is necessary to maintain a suitable indent between the cut itself and the nearest kidney.

If the circumcision occurs near the kidney, there is a risk that the kidney itself will dry out or freeze. If the distance becomes very large, then a stump appears, and a disease or parasite can get there.

Some young gardeners are afraid to cut their own shoots, they don't want to spoil the tree itself. However, without direct pruning, this decorative type will not have a dense and graceful crown.

Also for gardeners and amateurs, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with an informative article about the plant - lilac.

http://newderevo.ru/listvennye-derevya/iva-sharovidnaya-sorta-i-osobennosti

Purple Lighthouse and just Purple Willow

flowering: in purple willow they are oblong purple, and in Mayak they are yellow-pink.

The shape of the crown with its long straight radial shoots growing from the center resembles not even a ball, but an explosion. So clearly from the central trunk of the tree are directed in all directions evenly straight branches with bluish-green, slightly silvery from the inside, leaves.

The task of the arborist is to cut off extra buds from these straight radial branches so that the bush retains its original "explosive" shape for the next year.

Purple willow with constant care usually does not exceed 5 meters in height and the same in width. Purple willow Mayak has the same parameters a little less - 3 by 3.

Why willow pruning is necessary

Arborists have professional jokes about the peculiarities of their work, different types of tree care and pruning are called “Kare”, “Gavroche” haircuts and similar ones from the practice of hairdressing salons. There is even a "half-box" - this is when a one-year-old or two-year-old willow with shoots of about a meter is sheared to a 30-centimeter "hedgehog". This is usually done in the spring, when the tree has already awakened from the winter cold, but the active movement of juices has not yet begun. Although it is not customary to touch the willow for the first four years: during these first years of life, growth trends are clarified, the viability of the tree and the influence of environmental factors on it are determined. In practice, this looks like studying the soil under it and being close to the root system of aquifers.

This is important, especially when considering:

  1. The tendency of willows to settle in damp places.
  2. Artificial planting of these trees near bodies of water (slowly flowing rivers, lakes, ponds and artificial dams).

If anyone has ever seen a willow growing at the very edge of the water and how it is reflected in stagnant or slowly flowing waters, he will agree that there are few pictures more pacifying. And setting in a contemplative mood.

After the obligatory spring pruning of a four-year-old tree, further, depending on the type of willow, you need to observe its vegetation. In some willows, active growth of branches continues after spring pruning, then you need to take the pruner even in the summer. Although in the normal state, only dead and little viable shoots are cut off from these trees in the summer.

Willow, properly sheared and pruned, has one surest indicator of health: it has a dense, glossy bark without dots or spots. It is green in the first year of life and gradually acquires all shades of brown in the second and subsequent.

Various varieties of this tree are grown in park farms. These species require special shaping pruning.

Pruning and maintenance of weeping trees

In order to stimulate the growth of the crown, in the first years all young shoots should be cut short (up to 15-20 cm) so that the top bud is left at the end of the shoot.

All shoots appearing below the inoculation are promptly removed.

Spring flowering trees are pruned after flowering.

Apical buds are removed during the summer. This will encourage the growth of the lateral buds and the crown will be thick.

There is a "candelabra" method of crown formation. To do this, in the spring, when the buds have not yet blossomed, the upper bud is removed at the bend of each branch and the end of the branch located below is cut off. From the remaining upper bud, a new shoot will begin to grow, first up, and then the direction of growth will change down, forming a candillabra over time and expanding the crown.

Description of the plant

There are many forms of wood in nature. They come in both huge species and small shrubs. We grow about 100 of them.

Willow is interesting for its decorative effect. It has a see-through and transparent crown, which reaches 25 meters. The trunk is strong with gray bark. At first, the crown of the tree has a columnar shape, which after a while becomes sprawling and wide. The branches are thin and very flexible. Their bark is light, green, and purple. The shoots are directed upwards, and the lateral ones hang down. Petiolate leaves are alternately located on them. The shape of the leaf is elliptical, some species are characterized by long and narrow. The color of the foliage is dark green, from below it is lighter or bluish. Flowers inconspicuous in the form of earrings. Their flowering begins before the growth of foliage in early spring. A fruit is formed in the form of a box with small seeds, pubescent on top. They are capable of being carried by the wind over long distances.

Curvy willows are different

Curvy willow matsudana, or Matsuda (Salix matsudana). The sinuous matsudana is grown in many countries. In Western Europe, it often grows in forests and parks. There she feels great.

Among our amateur gardeners, a popular decorative form of matsudana is “Tortuosa” (f. tortuosa). It is grown in the form of a low tree or a tall bush. One of the features of "Tortuosa" is a slightly sinuous trunk and strongly curved branches with pistachio-gray bark. The leaves are curled and spiral.

We have several Tortuosa trees growing on our property. First we planted a tiny seedling bought from a nursery near Moscow. They chose such an open place for him so that he could admire the amazing shape of the branches from afar. Willow lived there for no more than five years. It has grown into a charming tree with a thick trunk and funny branches. She was killed either by frost, or by an icy northeast wind and severe spring frosts. In one day, all the leaves turned black, the ends of the branches began to dry out, and then the branches themselves. New leaves grew and immediately dried up. No resuscitation procedures helped.

The cuttings of this tortuosa have taken root and grown into trees, which I maintain by pruning. Those cuttings that we gave to friends also became beautiful tall trees. They were able to survive because they were planted in places protected from the wind, surrounded on all sides by other trees and shrubs.

Our friends note the low winter hardiness of the willow "Erythroflexuosa", which is occasionally on sale.

Sverdlovsk willows. For the Russian climate, willows of the Ural selection, bred in the Botanical Garden of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg) by the famous breeder V.I. Shaburov. His daughter I.V. took part in the work. Belyaev. These willows also have strongly twisted branches and twisted leaves. The color of the bark is olive or reddish-brown. There are modifications: undersized willows with a weeping and pyramidal shape.

Among the winding willows of Sverdlovsk selection there are more and less winter-hardy ones. My friend unsuccessfully tried to grow a tree. I had to be content with the bush.

"Sverdlovsk winding 1"

It is worth paying attention to this frost-resistant willow up to 4 meters high with a weakly expressed weeping form. Shoots moderately weeping reddish-brown

It is decorative, hardy and undemanding. Best propagated by short cuttings.

"Sverdlovsk winding 2". The tree (up to 12 meters high) is strong, with a pyramidal crown, consisting of winding branches.


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