How to prune japanese tree peony

Pruning Our Tree Peony | Winter Pruning and Reshaping

Large flowers of the tree peony on a sunny spring day (photo by My Garden Plot)

Tags: Maintenance Tips, Perennials, Pruning, Shrubs

Pruning Our Tree Peony

Can We Prune Our Mature Tree Peony?

A tree peony (Paeonia) can be pruned though most don’t need too much pruning to be done annually. Unless it has been neglected for a while. This deciduous shrub can also be trained against a wall, much like ours is, to feature its beautiful large flowers and shelter it from strong winds. Follow below on how to prune a tree peony and tips on winter pruning and reshaping. And the special steps taken in training and pruning our tree peony.

Every spring, we enjoy a plethora of stunning large blossoms from our tree peony. It is over 5 feet tall and just as wide. It faces east in a sheltered, sunny location, and reaches just above the window sill to be enjoyed from inside the house. However, our beautiful tree peony was in desperate need of winter pruning and a little extra maintenance to get it back into shape before the next flowering season. The goal was to improve the form by removing some of the congested growth and overcrowding, reshaping to encourage a more open, vase-shaped habit, and redoing the support ties. Also to keep some height for viewing from inside.

Tree Peony before pruning (photo by My Garden Plot)

How And When To Prune A Tree Peony

Generally, tree peonies need very little pruning and are considered low maintenance. Unlike herbaceous or bush peonies, tree peonies are not cut back to the ground. However, light annual pruning helps keep a tidy habit and a healthy plant.

In summer or fall, well after the flowers have gone, trim out any remaining faded flowers, if not already done. The tree peony will lose its leaves and go dormant by late autumn. Leave any dead shoots to be pruned just before spring.

At the end of winter, begin by removing any deadwood pieces. It is not uncommon for a stem to die off even though it was full of leaves and flowers the year before. This is normal with tree peonies, and there is nothing to worry about. Just prune the deadwood above any new buds. There will likely be a few buds that are dead. Where you find a dead bud, follow down the stem to a live bud and trim, cutting at a slant, about 1/2 cm above the live bud (see photo example below).

To limit the height of your tree peony, prune about half of last season’s growth on the tallest stems. Cut above a healthy bud of an outward-facing side stem.

Look at all the stems and repeat where needed. When completed, the effect will be a more open plant with good air circulation and new live buds at the end of the stems. Apply this low maintenance pruning every year, and you will not need to do the hard pruning that we needed to apply to our mature tree peony.

You need a pair of clean, sharp pruners. And remember to always sterilize them by rubbing the blades with ethanol or isopropyl alcohol between uses to prevent disease from spreading from one plant to another.

Pruning Tree Peony (photo by Rosana Brien / My Garden Plot) Tree Peony pruning and dead-wooding (photo by My Garden Plot)

Pruning A Neglected Tree Peony

My first time pruning a mature neglected tree peony, I wrestled with whether I would prune it myself or get professional help – I must admit I was very nervous I would get it wrong and damage the plant. Not wanting to prune it incorrectly and ensuring the right methods were applied, I reached out to our local pro Sarah from Climbing Fox for help – and to learn from. A great job was done – removed deadwood, thinned out old wood and crowded sections, and brought back its grandeur shape. A little more pruning the following year, and we will finally have the right form completed, and annual maintenance on the tree peony will be less.

Tree Peonies Respond Well To Pruning!

With confidence, the tree peony now sits well to regain its prominence in the garden and give us another season of beautiful flowers. I am now ready to take on those pruning shears myself – though, as we said, tree peonies generally require minimal pruning once shaped well. Tree peonies respond well to pruning, so don’t be scared. If your large tree peony is looking a little shaggy, plan your winter pruning and reshaping with confidence!

Pruned tree peony ready for spring. Next year another prune will remove any leggy stems.

Maintaining tree peonies - Michigan Gardener

My tree peony is almost 3 feet high and about 7 years old. It is healthy and gets about 7 huge fuchsia blooms. Two years ago it sent up a couple of what I assumed were suckers from the root system. I cut them off at ground level. Last year it sent up about a half dozen and I cut all but one off just to see what it amounted to. It did have one tiny pale pink blossom and the leaves appeared to look more like a bush type peony. I’m afraid to let these mature, as it’s taking away from the tree appearance. What exactly are they and how do I deal with them?

Tree peonies are flowering shrubs which grow from 1 to 6 feet tall. The reproduction of tree peonies is mainly done by two methods of vegetative propagation: tuft division and grafting. In the division method, a large plant is simply divided into small plants, each bearing its own roots. In the grafting method, a regular herbaceous peony’s rootstock is used to nourish a tree peony scion until the tree peony produces its own sustaining roots.

The process of planting a tree peony is similar to planting an herbaceous peony, except for two major differences: Allow 4 to 5 feet for the spacing of tree peony plants and plant the tree peony deeply to permit its own roots to form more rapidly and abundantly. The union of the scion and the rootstock should be at least 5 to 6 inches below ground level. If planted too shallow the herbaceous rootstock will send up shoots of its own, called “suckers.”

You can tell the difference between a new tree peony shoot and one from the rootstock by the way they look. The foliage is quite different from that of the grafted tree peony. Wait until you are sure these suckers are from the rootstock before removing them as your tree peony will also produce basal shoots and these are what you want. Carefully cut the suckers off, as close to the root as you can.

To really solve the problem, however, as soon as you can tell your tree peony has grown some of its own roots, dig it up in the fall and cut off all the root below the original graft. Keep cutting back suckers, until you can dig the plant. If sucker roots are left to grow for any length of time, they will diminish your tree peony or worse.

Tree peonies are heavy feeders but dislike large doses of fast-acting nitrogen fertilizers. They respond well to a generous, early autumn top dressing of a slow-release organic fertilizer. Its high potash content encourages flowers to develop. A light sprinkling of a general fertilizer can be applied in the spring.

Tree peonies respond well to pruning. You should aim for a broad, multi-stemmed shrub of up to 5 feet in height which will not need staking. Chinese and American types have a naturally branching habit and will need less regular pruning than the Japanese and French types.

In February, just as the growth buds are swelling, trim off all the dead wood. You will often find that the new shoots are coming from lower down the stem, leaving a small dead spur. Whole branches will sometimes die. These should be pruned back to a live bud, or to just above ground level.

With a young plant, only remove dead wood during the first two years to help get the plant established. Don’t be tempted to prune further. After this, if your plant forms a good shape, no regular pruning is needed. However, if your plant has few stems and is poorly shaped, then prune hard. You may see buds at the base of the stem or shoots coming from below the soil. Prune back to these or down to 5 inches or less from the ground. Even if you can’t see any basal buds, adventitious ones will form. The best time to prune is early spring, although this may mean that you sacrifice some flowers in the coming year. You can prune directly after flowering but regrowth is slower.

If you have, or inherit, an older tree peony which has never been pruned, it can be transformed and rejuvenated by applying this same technique. It is best to prune just one main stem each year, cutting it down to about 5 inches. It takes courage to do this, but is usually successful. There’s no need to be concerned about moving even a large, mature tree peony. Just move it during early autumn as you would any other woody deciduous shrub.

planting and care, photos, varieties, shelter for the winter

Author: Elena N. Category: Garden Plants Returned: Last amendments:


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  • Planting and Care for Dandatory Peonies
  • Botanical Description
  • Planting tree
  • 0010
  • Shelter of a tree-like peony for the winter
  • Types and varieties of spirals of the tree
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    PION of DOT plants: it lives in the middle century or POURSELF, but in Asia are found in Asia. that are half a thousand years old.

    For the Chinese, the peony flower is a symbol of the awakening of life. Unfortunately, flowering does not last very long, but if you plant several plants with different flowering periods on the site, this period can be significantly increased.

    Tree peony is cold-resistant, but even if it happens to freeze in winter, the plant quickly recovers in spring.

    From our article you can find out:

    • what is the difference between a tree peony and a herbaceous one;
    • how and when is it better to plant a peony;
    • how to take care of the plant and how to prepare it for the winter.

    Listen to article

    Planting and caring for tree peonies

    • Boarding: from mid-August to the end of September.
    • Flowering: April-May.
    • Lighting: bright sunlight, light partial shade.
    • Soil: fertile loam.
    • Watering: twice a month, 6-7 liters of water per bush, in extreme heat - more frequent watering, from August watering is gradually stopped.
    • Top dressing: at the beginning of the growing season - with nitrogen fertilizer, during the budding period - with potassium-phosphorus, during the flowering period - with a full complex.
    • Pruning: annually in the spring.
    • Propagation: by dividing the bush, cuttings, layering, grafting.
    • Pests: aphids, caterpillars.
    • Diseases: gray rot, brown spot, root rot.

    Read more about growing tree peonies below

    Flower tree peony (lat. Paeonia x suffruticosa) , or semi-shrub - a species of hybrid plants of the genus Peony of the Peony family. Some scientists argue that this is not even a species, but simply a group of varieties and forms of hybrid origin, of which there are more than five hundred in the world today, and most of them grow in China. The tree peony flower is the product of Chinese breeders, although Japanese flower growers enthusiastically began to cultivate this plant as soon as it appeared on the territory of their islands in the Tang Dynasty. Tree peonies were brought to Europe at the end of the 18th century and received absolute recognition from both professional flower growers and flower lovers.

    Botanical description

    The plant is a deciduous shrub reaching a height of one and a half to two meters. Stems are light brown, thick, erect. They do not die off every autumn, like the stems of a herbaceous peony, but grow every year, gradually turning the plant into a hemispherical bush. The leaves of a tree-like peony are openwork, doubly pinnate, ornamental. The flowers are very large - from 12 cm in diameter to 20 cm, or even more - located at the ends of the shoots. They are simple, semi-double, terry, of various colors - yellow, white, pink, purple, raspberry, even two-tone.

    The older the bush becomes, the more flowers bloom on it. A tree-like peony begins to bloom half a month earlier than a grassy one and blooms for two or three weeks. Tree peonies are cold hardy.

    Planting tree peonies

    How to plant

    Planting a tree peony is done in autumn, from mid-August to the end of September. The process of planting any flower precedes the choice of a place where it will grow. In the case of tree peonies, preference is given to sunny areas, located at some elevation and away from buildings and large trees, so that the peony does not have to be in their shade. The soil should be loamy, so clay, humus, peat and soddy soil will have to be added to the sandy soil. Clay soil needs to be improved with sand and organic fertilizers.

    These are very important points, because the lifespan of a plant depends on them, and tree-like peonies can grow in one place for up to a hundred years.

    • Pentas lanceolate - bouquet plant

    Autumn planting

    In case of low groundwater, a hole for a peony is dug in the form of a cone, with a diameter at the surface of 70 cm and the same depth. A layer of broken brick, gravel or sand 25-30 cm thick is placed at the bottom of the pit. If the soil is acidic, 200-300 g of bone meal or lime is added, then the soil is poured into a cone, a plant is placed on it and a lot of water is poured to straighten the roots in it peony. After the water is absorbed into the soil, the pit is covered with earth so that the root collar is at the surface level. If you are planting several specimens, place tree peony seedlings no closer than 1.5-2 m from each other.

    Growing from seeds

    A plant grown from seeds, with good luck, can bloom only 5-6 years after planting, in addition, the seeds of a tree peony, due to the underdevelopment of the embryo, need mandatory stratification, and with long-term storage they generally lose their germination . Stratification is carried out in two stages: first warm, then cold. But even the implementation of these difficult manipulations will not guarantee that your efforts will be crowned with success.

    Caring for tree peonies

    How to care for

    If you don't know how to care for tree peonies, care for them like herbaceous ones: water with the same frequency and intensity, loosen the soil after watering, remove weeds - no big deal. Recall: twice a month, pour 6-7 liters of water under each bush, water more often in extreme heat, and gradually reduce watering in August until it stops completely. After watering, loosen the soil around the bush within a radius of half a meter, but not deeper than 5 cm, remove weeds, if any, and lightly mulch the soil around the bush with humus.

    Top dressing

    You need to know that tree peonies hold the record for potassium and nitrogen consumption among flowering plants. At the beginning of the growing season, they require top dressing with nitrogen, during the budding period and until the end of the growing season, they need a large amount of potassium and phosphorus, and during the flowering period, nitrogen must be added to potassium and phosphorus again. Just remember that it is better to underfeed the plant with nitrogen than to develop an overdose of this element in it to develop a predisposition to gray rot. Before fertilizing, the soil is watered abundantly: this will protect the peony roots from burns.


    Every spring, even before the start of the growing season, prune peony bushes: remove shrunken shoots, shorten old ones to 10 cm. . And we recommend cutting the shoots to the upper axillary point so that your peony blooms more abundantly next year.

    The way you form a tree peony bush by pruning determines its lifespan. Usually, peonies live for a hundred years, or even more: in China, protected by law and specialists, five-hundred-year-old specimens of tree-like peonies grow safely.


    Transplantation tree peony tolerates very painfully, sometimes strong plants after a change in location get sick and wither for several years and cannot recover in any way. When transplanting, try to injure the root system of the plant as little as possible - dig it out with a clod of earth, which is then carefully washed off with a stream of water. Examine the roots, remove the diseased, shorten too long, treat the sections with a one percent solution of potassium permanganate and sprinkle with crushed charcoal.

    • Adonis: growing in the garden, types and varieties

    If you want to propagate a peony, divide the bush into sections by stretching the parts to the sides at the root collar. If you had to apply surgery, process the sections. Before planting, immerse each delenka, which must have several replacement buds and roots, for half an hour in a clay mash.

    Propagation of tree peonies

    Plant division

    Actually, we just talked about it, it remains only to add that it is best to divide bushes 5-6 years old for reproduction and this should be done in August. Planting delenok is carried out in the manner already described.


    Cuttings for this method of propagation are needed semi-lignified, and cut them in the second half of June: a bud with a leaf blade and part of the wood of the shoot is separated. The leaf is cut in half, the cuttings are stuck into containers with a mixture of sand and peat to a depth of 1.5 cm, covered with glass or film, regularly watered and sprayed. At the end of September, they are planted in personal pots and kept until spring in a greenhouse. When peonies begin to grow, they can be planted in open ground.

    Reproduction by layering

    The duration of the reproduction process in this way is two years. In May, before flowering, select developed shoots, carefully bend them to the ground, after making an incision on the side facing the soil, treating it with a growth substance and inserting a peg into it, and bury the outlet with a layer of soil of 8-10 cm. Moisten the soil over layering when you water the peony. In September, when the roots appear, the shoot is separated from the bush and planted in the ground in a permanent place.

    Peony can also be propagated by air layering: an incision is made on the shoot, wrapped in wet moss, and then with a film, which is hermetically fixed. Roots will appear by the end of summer. The method is as simple as it is ineffective.

    Grafting peonies

    This is the most common and most reliable method of industrial reproduction of pions. But it can also be used in a private garden. The grafting is carried out on the roots of a herbaceous peony: in early August, cuttings are prepared with two buds of a tree peony, which must be propagated; the lower part of the handle is sharpened under a wedge and tightly inserted into a groove specially made in the shape of a wedge in the root of the grassy peony. The place where the cutting enters the root is wrapped tightly with a film.

    Grafted peonies are placed in a box with wet sawdust and stored in the shade. A month later, rooted cuttings are planted in a container so that the lower eye is immersed in the soil by 5-7 cm, and placed in a greenhouse. A grafted peony is grown for one and a half to two years.

    • Tips for the continuous flowering of pelargonium - conditions are important!

    Pests and diseases

    Tree peonies are not painful, but sometimes they have health problems. Particularly susceptible to diseases are those weakened by transplantation and old bushes. The most dangerous is gray rot, which can be combated by spraying plants with a solution of potassium permanganate at the rate of 3 g per 10 liters of water. You can apply spraying with a six to seven percent solution of copper sulfate. But rotting stems must be removed and burned.

    Sometimes tree-like peonies suffer from brown spotting. The affected leaves must be removed and burned so that the infection does not spread to other plants, and the bush should be sprayed with a one percent solution of Bordeaux liquid.

    Tree peony after flowering

    Tree peony has faded - what to do? Once the peony has finished blooming, cut back the faded shoots to the top axillary point, as they will die anyway. In autumn, before the dormant period, feed the plants: add 300 g of wood ash and 200 g of bone meal under each bush, and then carefully close the soil.

    Preparing for winter

    Shelter of a tree peony for the winter

    Despite the fact that tree peonies are cold-resistant and tolerate our winters well, professional flower growers advise nevertheless to cover them for the winter: the peony is not so afraid of frost as early spring thaws, during which peony buds uncovered by snow or covering material can wake up, and, as a rule, frosts following a thaw can destroy a plant that has begun to grow. Therefore, in October, tie the shoots, mulch the near-stem circle with peat, and with the onset of cold weather, cover the plant by building a hut over it from spruce branches, foliage, a thick layer of crushed bark, or simply bags of jute, so that the wintering of the tree-like peony goes well.

    Types and varieties of tree peonies

    The basis of all cultivated varieties of tree peonies are several natural species: Lemoine peony, yellow peony, Delaway peony, Potanin peony, belonging to the group of semi-shrub peonies. Among the registered varieties of tree peonies, most of them grow in China. Peony varieties are divided into three groups:

    • Chinese-European - varieties with double, large, heavy and drooping flowers. Coloring - from pale pink to fuchsia;
    • Japanese varieties - their flowers are not so large, light, floating above the bush;
    • Hybrids yellow peony and Delaway peony - the most popular variety group with yellow flowers.

    Several varieties of tree-like peonies popular with flower growers:

    • Kiao sisters - bicolor rose-like inflorescences: one half is dark red, the other is white-cream, flower diameter is 16 cm;
    • Sapphire - pale pink flowers with a dark crimson middle up to 18 cm in diameter, which can be up to fifty on a bush at the same time;
    • Coral Altar - two-color coronet flowers of both salmon and white shades, up to 20 cm in diameter;
    • Green Jade - light green bud-shaped flowers impress with their originality.


    1. Read related topics on Wikipedia
    2. Features and other plants of the Peony family
    3. List of all species on The Plant List
    4. More information on World Flora Online

    Picking petunias into seedlings - visual instructions from an experienced grower
    Peonies in the garden and in a vase - how to care for lush flowers

    Sections: Garden plants Garden perennials Garden flowering plants Garden shrubs Plants on P Peony

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    planting and care in the suburbs pruning after flowering

    and the care of which is described in more detail in our article, is very popular among gardeners because of its durability and simplicity. Consider how to propagate shrubs, and what conditions must be created for the cultivation and abundant flowering of the crop.

    Tree peony - growing in the suburbs

    At home tree peony (lat. Securinegi peony) is China. In central Russia, summer residents actively grow tree-like peonies; planting and care does not cause any particular difficulties. And with the right choice of variety and compliance with the rules of watering and feeding, you can enjoy magnificent flowering for a long time.


    1. The best varieties of tree-like peonies
    2. Peony tree - growing in the Moscow region
    3. 9003 pests tree peonies
    4. Propagation tree peonies
    5. Transplantation and division of tree peony bush
    6. Grafted peony tree
    7. Propagation of tree peony by grafting
    8. Care after flowering and preparation for winter
    9. Shelter for the winter tree peony
    10. Summary

    The best varieties of tree peonies

    Subspecies tree peonies consists of 3 main varieties of groups:


    • Japanese;
    • Hybrid.

    Sensitiveto tree-like peony of the Japanese group

    Read a detailed description of peony varieties in our material.

    In the climatic conditions of Russia, the following classes have proven themselves well: flight of a swallow, White Phoenix, colorful paintings, Marianna, Blue Moon, Hoffman, Smolin.

    Tree peony - grows in the suburbs

    In order not to waste time on self-cultivation, you can go to a nursery to buy tree peonies in the suburbs - planting and caring for adapted seedlings is not difficult if you choose them correctly.

    How to choose good seedlings

    It is advisable to use seedlings with an open root system, so you can assess the condition of the roots of plants. This planting material must be contained in boxes with substrate. Visually, it is easy to distinguish between grafted and own-rooted peonies:

    • inoculations have thick, well-developed roots in a dark color;
    • from own-roots - the roots are thin and light. But despite this, these peonies live longer.

    Tree peony - selection of planting material

    When choosing a seedling, pay attention to the upper part:

    • the height of the shoots should not exceed 25 cm;
    • the presence of several healthy and intact kidneys is mandatory;
    • the presence of leaves is not desirable, so seedlings may be a problem.

    Tree peony selection suburban cultivation

    This crop prefers sunny uplands, away from the shade of trees. The soil should be prepared light, loamy and nutritious. To choose the right composition of the soil, tree peonies can grow up to a hundred years, and they will bloom magnificently.

    When and how to plant a peony tree in the open field

    Planting is carried out in early autumn. The pit is prepared in the form of a cone with a diameter of 0.7 meters. recesses fill with drainage and nutrient substrate. The seedling is placed in a hole, and poured with plenty of water - this will allow the roots to fight naturally.

    Sprinkle with planting soil. It is important that the root neck is flush with the surface. Between plants it is necessary to maintain a distance of at least 2 m.

    Tree-like peonies planting and care photo

    A peony tree growing in the Urals is planted in the northern regions in a similar way, this shrub requires additional shelter and the selection of more hardy varieties.

    Tree peony planting and care video

    Peony tree care

    Growing tree peony care and planting should include: good watering, aeration of the soil around the bush, weeding and fertilizing.

    Top dressing of the peony tree

    Feeding is carried out by analogy with herbaceous varieties: in spring, increase the dose of nitrogen, in summer use a large amount of potassium and phosphorus. But keep in mind that an overdose of nitrogen fertilizers increases the likelihood of contracting fungal plant diseases.


    The procedure is carried out in early spring, removing dried, diseased and damaged shoots. And the last branch is shorter than 10 cm, there is no need for heavy pruning.

    Growing grafted peonies, you must regularly remove rootstock suckers, cut them off at the base, and rhizome spud high.

    Diseases and pests tree peonies

    Plants rarely get sick, but old and weakened specimens can be affected by gray rot (lat. Botrytis stegea) and brown spot (lat. Cladosporium paeoniae). For protection, use Bordeaux liquid and copper sulfate.

    Diseases of tree peonies

    The plant is practically not affected by pests.

    Propagation tree peonies

    Growing in the garden, tree peonies, propagate them by one of the following methods: dividing the bush, side layers, cuttings, grafting, and also grown from seeds. Many of them are similar to grass, read about the methods of reproduction in our article.

    Tree peony seeds

    Transplantation and division of a tree peony bush

    It is difficult for tree varieties to transplant to a new place and, consequently, to divide the bush. But it is necessary to carry out the procedure every 5-7 years to rejuvenate specimens, so that it is always compatible with multiplication.

    Tree peony propagation by dividing the bush

    Unlike herbaceous, tree peony, the roots are not cut on them, and stretched to minimize injury. If you still had to use a knife, cuts need to be treated with charcoal. Before planting, the roots should be immersed in the mud for several hours. The rest of the procedure is carried out by analogy with herbaceous varieties.

    Transplant tree peonies

    Grafted peony tree

    Cuttings are harvested from semi-lignified shoots at the end of June. They cut into pieces, each containing buds, leaves, and a piece of wood. The leaf plate is cut in half, and the cuttings are placed in containers with sand and peat. The containers are covered with foil and kept warm, moisten the sprouts regularly. By autumn, rooted plants are ready for transplanting into pots, and planting in open ground can be carried out a year.

    Tree peony propagation by grafting

    One of the most effective methods. To use the rhizome of the leaves of the peony root, and the graft is a cutting of an apple tree variety with 2 buds.

    Tree peony – grafting decomposition

    The procedure is carried out in August:

    • at the bottom of the graft in the form of a wedge;
    • on the rootstock cut off the corresponding groove;
    • Rootstock and scion cuts must be smooth and fit perfectly together;
    • stem and root join, and the grafting site is tightly wrapped with adhesive tape and tied;
    • the resulting cuttings are placed in a container with wet sawdust for a month, during this period, vaccination is melted;
    • surviving seedlings are planted in a greenhouse, deepening the lower bud by 5-6 cm.

    After 2 years the finished seedlings are ready to be transplanted into the open ground to a permanent place.

    Care after flowering and preparation for winter

    Peony tree flowering ends at the end of June. Faded shoots should be cut to the base of the upper sinuses, because they will dry out anyway.

    Care tree peonies after flowering

    Shelter for the winter tree peony

    This culture is not afraid of the cold, but shelter for the winter is necessary. During the spring thaw, the root buds may wake up, and the subsequent return of frost is detrimental to them. For protection in late autumn, the soil around the plant is mulched with peat, and the tree is covered with spruce branches.


    The peony tree is a long-liver among its relatives. He almost does not get sick and is not affected by pests. Tolerate transplanting and crop reproduction is more difficult than deciduous varieties, but if desired, you can use grafting and layering to organize a peony garden plot.

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