How to prune peach trees in spring


How to Prune Peach Trees

By

Marie Iannotti

Marie Iannotti

Marie Iannotti is a life-long gardener and a veteran Master Gardener with nearly three decades of experience. She's also an author of three gardening books, a plant photographer, public speaker, and a former Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator. Marie's garden writing has been featured in newspapers and magazines nationwide and she has been interviewed for Martha Stewart Radio, National Public Radio, and numerous articles.

Learn more about The Spruce's Editorial Process

Updated on 06/09/22

The Spruce / Steven Merkel

In This Article

  • When to Prune Peach Trees

  • Before Getting Started

Project Overview

Peach trees are one of the least demanding fruit trees you can grow. Like many fruit trees, peach trees are susceptible to some diseases and pests, but peaches ripen so early in the season that these problems don't usually affect the harvest. And harvesting is usually fairly simple, thanks to the many dwarf varieties that remain just 4 to 6 feet in height. However, the one maintenance task that shouldn't be overlooked is pruning. Your peach trees will be healthier, more productive, and easier to work with if you set up an annual pruning routine.

Grow Bushels of Peaches From One Seed

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When to Prune Peach Trees


While many fruiting plants are best pruned when they are dormant, this is not the case with peach trees. Pruning them when the weather is still cold makes them susceptible to dieback and causes them to be less cold-hardy overall. Ideally, you should prune peach trees annually in spring, just as the buds swell and begin to turn pink. It's better to prune a little too late than too early. However, you can remove shoots developing in the center of the tree at any time since these will block sun and air from getting to the fruits. Plus, taking them out during the summer usually means less to remove the next spring.

Major pruning of a peach tree should begin when the tree is at least three years old and has matured enough to produce a good fruit crop. Before this, pruning efforts should be limited to establishing the basic shape of the tree.

Before Getting Started

Rather than pruning to emphasize a central trunk, as is done with other fruit trees, peach trees are best pruned into an open "V" or vase shape, with three to five well-spaced main branches forming the vase. These main "scaffold "branches should be at roughly 45-degree angles to the trunk, leaving the center open to sun and air.

Peach trees produce fruit on one-year-old wood, so a mature tree can be pruned rather extensively. Remove around 40 percent of the tree each year to encourage new growth after pruning, so there will be fruiting branches every year. In general, remove old gray shoots because these will not fruit. But leave the one-year-old shoots, which will be reddish in appearance.

Equipment / Tools

  • Bypass shears
  • Long-handled pruners
  • Pruning saw (optional)
  • Stepladder (if needed)
  • Thick gloves
  • Long-sleeved shirt

Materials

  • Refuse bags

The Spruce / Steven Merkel

  1. Remove Dead, Damaged, and Diseased Branches

    Use long-handled pruners or a pruning saw to remove all branches in poor condition. Such branches should be removed whenever you see them. This is true of all trees but especially for trees that bear fruit on new wood, such as peach trees.

    Cut removed branches into manageable pieces and bag them or bundle them for disposal

    The Spruce / Steven Merkel

  2. Choose Main Branches, Remove the Others

    In the early years of the tree's life, select three to five main upward-growing "scaffold" branches along the outside of the tree. Then, remove any competing large branches using a pruner or pruning saw. Pay special attention to removing branches in the center of the tree and those growing downward or horizontal. The goal is to create a tree that has a V- or vase-shaped profile with an open center.

    Most growers recommend that the first of these scaffold branches be no closer than 18 inches from the ground. The main branches should be spaced evenly around the trunk, with a vertical offset of about 6 inches between adjacent branches. Ideally, all scaffold branches should emerge from the trunk between 18 and 36 inches from the ground. This creates a compact tree that will be easy to harvest without a tall ladder.

    Tip

    Try to prune in a way that eliminates narrow, V-shaped crotches, which are weak and will become prone to splitting when the branches are supporting a heavy fruit crop. Crotches 45 degrees or wider will be less susceptible to splitting.

    The Spruce / Steven Merkel

  3. Trim Tall Branches

    Use a pruner to trim the ends of any tall branches, The goal here is to keep the tree at a harvestable height. If you prune without a ladder, this will mean cutting the branches to a height that you can reach from the ground.

    The Spruce / Steven Merkel

  4. Remove Spindly Interior Branches

    Prune any small, spindly branches growing from the main scaffold branches inward. Make sure to remove any shoots that point straight up or down, as they won't allow the peach tree to properly grow into the desired V shape.

    The Spruce / Steven Merkel

  5. Cut Back Remaining Red Shoots

    Use pruners to cut back the new red shoots to a length of around 18 inches. Make the cuts to within 1/4 inch of an outward-facing bud. These are fruit-producing shoots, and you want to keep them close to the main branches so the fruit will be adequately supported and easy to harvest.

    Also, prune off the suckers at the base of the tree. You can pull them off with your hand if they are small enough; they will be less likely to regrow if they are pulled instead of cut.

    The Spruce / Steven Merkel

  6. Plan for Future Growth

    If there is no new growth within reach on a tall branch, remove the entire branch. These are not likely to be productive, and removing them ensures the tree will put its energy into plenty of new productive growth.

    And if the tree doesn't have enough upward-curving main branches, find a secondary branch that has new upward-curving growth, and cut back to that new growth. This will become one of the main branches for future seasons.

    Tip

    Peach trees are not long-lived. So planting a new tree every five to six years will ensure you are never without a peach tree.

    The Spruce / Steven Merkel

    How to Grow Your Own Peaches

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Training and Pruning Stone Fruit. University of Maryland Extension

and the best time to do it |

(Image credit: Debi Holland)

You need to know how to prune a peach tree to maximize crop production of the delicious fruits. The thought of picking juicy fresh fruit straight from the garden needn’t be a fantasy, as with a little intervention this dream could become a reality. 

Peach trees, Prunus persica, are self-fertile and can be planted as part of a backyard orchard, trained as fan, espalier or step over fruit trees, or dwarf specimens are ideal for pots. It's easy to learn how to grow peach trees, and these natives to China thrive in full sun and slightly acidic soil. 

Whether you are growing freestone or clingstone peaches you will want to get the most out of your peach tree, so maintenance of the plant is key to success.

How to prune a peach tree – top tips

Peach are among the best fruit trees to grow but knowing how to prune peach trees is an essential part of maintaining fruit tree vitality. If left unpruned, the trees soon become a tangled mass of growth, blocking out light to branches and stifling air flow.

'With all fruit tree pruning it is good to understand how the tree is growing. Consider the tree’s health, vigor and productivity when making decisions on how and where to prune your tree,' says Andy Lewis, specialist fruit grower at The Newt .

Create an open framework for fruit production by removing shoots growing into the center of the peach tree and keep the height of your tree low enough for you to hand harvest.

‘A tree will always try to be a tree and grow towards the sky. It is your job to balance the tree using rejuvenative pruning, keeping fruit within reasonable picking height and also allowing for good light and air circulation,’ advises Andy Lewis.

Step-by-step peach tree pruning guide

(Image credit: Nata Zhekova / Getty Images)

The reason you need to know how to prune peach trees is because ‘pruning is all about helping a tree use the energy it gets from the sun and soil in the most efficient way,' says Cassidy Villeneuve of organic, regenerative Frog Hollow Farm , in Northern California.

‘The goal is to grow a few big, healthy, sweet fruits – rather than lots of small, not-so-tasty fruits – and to keep the tree healthy for years to come,’ she adds.

These few essential steps will help simplify how to prune a peach tree:

  • ‘Make way for new growth by removing dead branches. “Dead wood” takes energy from the tree that could be going to the thriving branches instead,’ says Villeneuve.
  • ‘Let sunshine in. Leaves are like little solar panels that power the sugar development in each fruit. If light can’t reach those bottom branches, the fruit won’t develop enough sugar,’ she adds.
  • 'Get air flowing around the tree, which deters disease. Rust fungus and brown rot spores love a moist, dark environment. We don’t love them.'
  • Also remove rootstock suckers at the base; these do nothing but drain the tree’s energy.

Peach trees are among the best fast growing fruit trees. They fruit on second-year wood, so prune back last season’s growth by around a half to an outward facing bud; this will concentrate energy into producing fruiting buds. 

Make an angled cut just above a bud – the node – this will ensure water drips away from the bud and does not sit in the prune wound.

The tools needed to prune a peach tree

(Image credit: John Swithinbank)

Sharp blades and clean cuts are important when learning how to prune a peach tree, so that pruning does not leave the tree vulnerable to fungal diseases entering wounds via damaged branches.

‘Having a professional secateur – or hand pruner – with quality steel, which does not rust, is a must have for any professional or aspiring gardener,’ says Tom Wade of  Sorbus International , specialists in premium Japanese pruning tools. 

Whippy new growth can be cut back with a pair of bypass secateurs, but for larger branches a pair of loppers or even a hand saw may be necessary.

‘Pruning fruit trees such as Prunus persica can require different tools for different stages of maturity. Having a lightweight telescopic pruner can save hours of time and effort reaching different areas of the canopy,' adds Tom Wade.

For those hard to reach branches a long arm pruner will ensure you get the job done without reaching for a ladder; this also easily allows you to step back and check the shape of your tree as you prune.

‘Look after your tools and they will look after you. Japanese steel has been widely regarded as the pinnacle for producing cutting blades that keep their edge. Find a tool that lets you work freely with minimal fatigue,’ Wade adds.

It is also a good idea to wear eye protection to prevent injury as well as wearing a good pair of gardening gloves.

When is the best time to prune peach trees?

The best time to prune peach trees is in late spring. This is to prevent the spread of silver leaf disease, which is a fungal disease whose airborne spores infect wood through cuts.

'If you prune in the fall, then new growth will start but will be damaged by the cold winter. If you prune in the early winter, then the open cut can be susceptible to diseases,' explains Mané Mehrabyan of Mehrabyan Nursery , Ithaca, New York.

Pruning in late spring also ensures the risk of frost has passed, but check local weather conditions specific to your zone.

How to prune young peach trees

(Image credit: Alamy/Tim Gainey)

Pruning is important to maintain the desired shape of your peach tree. ‘How you prune a one-year-old tree will determine the shape it has for the rest of its life,' explains Cassidy Villeneuve.

In the peach trees' early years, it is important to control pruning with clean cuts and minimalistic reductions. 'This is where having a sharp edge can be most useful,’  explains Tom Wade. ‘Be careful your secateurs, or hand pruners, are cutting the stem rather than tearing, and the blades are shiny and clean for ease of use.’

Pruning is an art form and to a certain extent you are sculpting the tree to meet the needs of the space you are growing it in. For orchard trees a vase shape is optimal.

‘You need to know how a tree behaves, how it wants to grow, what it needs to thrive, and how to prepare it for how you want to harvest. The Frog Hollow team can’t let a tree grow too tall, for example, or ladders wouldn’t be able to reach the highest fruit,’ explains Cassidy Villeneuve.

How to train a peach tree

Peach trees grow well trained as fan or espalier. They can enhance a bare, south-facing wall, or be grown as part of your vegetable garden trellis ideas.

Fan shaped trees are grown against a sunny wall and have multiple branches growing from the base, whereas espalier trained trees have a vertical trunk and then a series of horizontal tiers extending along supports. Branches here are kept short to maximize fruit production in a small space.

‘I would always suggest growing peach trees against a wall,’ advises Andy Lewis from The Newt. ‘The wall will help to retain heat, ripening both fruit and buds. With the close proximity of a wall, you can utilise the structure to keep rain drops off and reduce the risk of peach leaf curl.’

Alternatively, train peach trees as step-overs; a fun way to grow fruit in your garden when you may not have space for a fully grown tree. Step-overs are ideal for small vegetable garden ideas and are grown in a ’T’ shape, which can literally be stepped over – hence the name. 

It is especially important to know how to prune a peach tree trained in this manner as strict pruning is required to keep them under control.

(Image credit: Debi Holland)

How do you maintain a peach tree?

You can best maintain a peach tree by using clean, sharp tools for pruning and pruning it at the correct time.  

Disinfect tools between pruning different plants to minimize the risk of spreading diseases.

‘You can never underestimate the importance of having a cutting tool with a razor edge blade that is durable and keeps for years on end,' stresses Tom Wade.

Peach trees are susceptible to peach leaf curl, Taphrina deformans, a fungal disease causing distorted leaves in spring. Optimal leaf curl conditions are rain and temperatures between 47°F (8°C) and 61°F (16°C). It is quite common to see thick, often red crinkly leaves covered in colored warts; the affected leaves quickly defoliate.

If your peach tree is under attack then prune out the worst affected stems and remove all diseased leaves from the tree, including any fallen on the ground to break the diseases life cycle. Avoid pruning on wet days. Do not compost waste material.

Silver leaf, Chondrostereum purpureum, is a fungal disease that affects the wood of stoned fruit trees, causing branches to die back and leaves to appear silver as the top and bottom layer of leaves separate reacting to the infection. Silver leaf is transferred by pruning. Air borne spores are active in fall and winter, so avoid pruning at these times.

Debi Holland runs her own garden business in the south of west of England, gardening in beautiful country homes, and also writes for numerous online and print publications and presents online talks advocating ‘Gardening for Wellbeing.’

How to cut a peach correctly - Flowers.ua

It is difficult to meet a person who would not like juicy peach fruits. But in order to grow them, gardeners will need to make a lot of effort. The peach tree is a rather demanding crop that needs careful and regular care. And pruning is one of the primary procedures, without which you are unlikely to get a well-bearing tree. Even novice flower growers can grow a peach, but if you have any questions, you can always consult with our experts day and night. Also pay attention to bouquets with delivery. Sending flowers in Kyiv and other cities of Ukraine daily

Why pruning is necessary

Peach pruning is necessary for the plant to grow for a long time and bring many juicy and tasty fruits. We all know that representatives of the flora get moisture and nutrients from the soil. Through the roots they pass along the trunk and reach the branches. And if, for example, the cultivation of kiwi is characterized by a stable pace, then in peaches this whole process occurs much faster. In addition, the culture distributes the lion's share of macro- and microelements into vertically growing branches. Because of this, the crown of the tree very quickly becomes thick and lush, but at the same time, the central branches remain deprived of a sufficient amount of sunlight, become bald and not fruitful. And the fruits of the side branches will be too small to call the future harvest rich. Thus, all improperly growing branches must be cut off in time. A well-formed canopy also promotes better “ventilation” of the leaves and makes harvesting a simple and hassle-free process. Well, finally, a neatly cut peach crown looks much more attractive than branches sticking out in different directions. Such a peach tree will become a real gem of your garden.

Peach pruning in spring

Peach pruning in the first warm days of the year is carried out in order to properly form the crown. For all varieties of peach, some “forks” on the branches are very characteristic. But, as a rule, they are quite weak and easily break from sudden gusts of wind. During the winter cold, frost often forms on such branches, which only exacerbates the situation. That is why timely spring pruning is so necessary. And you need to carry it out as soon as you see the first buds on the peach, but always before flowering begins. Focus around the third week of March - mid-April.

It is important that this culture is quite sensitive and shows sharp reactions to any interference in its life. So pruning must be done exclusively with a sharp knife or secateurs. It is also recommended to pre-treat the blades with an antiseptic. When working, try to trim a particular branch in one motion. If the cut radius has a size of more than two centimeters, it is desirable to process it.

As mentioned above, it is in the spring that the crown of the tree is formed. Previously, most gardeners believed that a cup-shaped crown was best suited for peach. However, over the years of practice, growers have realized that this is not entirely true. A spreading cup-shaped crown can only be found in those trees that grow in large areas. The fact is that this form of peach crown takes up too much space, reducing the total number of fruit trees in the garden. The most optimal crown shape is pyramidal.

Spring peach pruning scheme is as follows:

  • leave four frame branches as the basis, the first tier;
  • the next tier must consist of five branches;
  • trim the branches of the first and second tiers by about one third;
  • as you grow, keep doing this so that by the fifth year of life the height of peach
  • trees did not exceed three meters;
  • all weak, diseased and overgrown branches must also be pruned.

The advantage of spring pruning is that as the buds swell, you can immediately see which of the branches will eventually become the most productive. It is to such branches that you provide the most thorough care. The rest can even be removed altogether.

Summer peach pruning

Many gardeners don't use summer peach pruning as much as spring pruning. But it also has its undoubted advantages and goals. Pruning is necessary at the beginning of summer, preferably from the second half of June until the 15th of July. It is during this period of time that the fruits form bones.

Summer peach pruning includes the following steps:

  • First you need to remove dry and weakened branches. They only pull moisture and nutrients from the peach tree, and also spoil the appearance;
  • branches that have ceased to bear fruit can be removed selectively. However, do not get too carried away, because such branches, although they do not bear fruit, are rich in greenery, which releases oxygen into the atmosphere. Foliage also plays an important role during the growing season;
  • all shoots that grow deep into the crown also need to be cut. Thanks to this, the tree will be able to receive more sunlight, due to which the fruits will be more ruddy and sweet;
  • note the fruitful branches. If the fruits grow too thick on them, then it is better to trim them a little as well. Heavy peaches can break a branch, which then has to be treated, and you won’t have to count on fruiting the next year.

Summer peach pruning can be called preventive and shaping. You can do without it, but still it is better not to neglect it. Do everything according to the rules, and juicy, large peaches are provided to you.

Peach pruning in autumn

Peach pruning in autumn is nothing more than preparing a peach tree for the coming winter. As you know, this culture grows mainly in the southern regions of Ukraine, where winters can be called relatively mild. But still the peach is very thermophilic. And the cultivation of peach, like the cultivation of pineapple, is unthinkable without preparation for frost.

So, the scheme of preparing a peach tree for winter is as follows:

  • all fruit-bearing branches without exception must be shortened;
  • the number of remaining branches must be no more than eighty;
  • Is the winter expected to be snowy? Cut off all weakened branches so that they do not break under the thickness of precipitation;
  • Any diseased branches must be cut back to the base, otherwise
  • infection can reach both the trunk and healthy branches;
  • cut branches are best burned.

Autumn pruning should begin after the harvest, which will be around mid-October. It is during this period of the year that the active growth and development of the peach ends, and the tree painlessly endures all the procedures carried out by gardeners.

Peach pruning schemes

There are several schemes for peach tree pruning. These schemes are divided into categories, depending on the reception, the age of the plant and some other features.

Ring pruning

Ring pruning is carried out in order to rejuvenate and restore a peach after an illness. Under the ring - this means under the very foundation. At the base of the tree trunk there is an annular outgrowth, which is responsible for active cell division. Thus, pruning according to this scheme allows the tree to quickly and actively regenerate

Cutting pattern for the ring:

  1. Treat the ring-shaped growth itself and your tool (hacksaw, secateurs) with an antiseptic solution.
  2. Leave 0.5 cm above the branch line. Put a mark on this place.
  3. Make a shallow cut just below the mark.
  4. Cut the entire branch 30 centimeters above the mark. Cut the branch carefully so that it does not break off abruptly and drag part of the healthy tree bark down with it.
  5. Next, cut it exactly to the mark.
  6. Apply a special healing mixture to the cut, which is available at any gardening store.

It is impossible to prune clearly along the annular growth, as it is possible to break the educational tissue in the trunk and roots, which will lead to the death of the plant.

Bud pruning

Bud pruning can not only form a beautiful crown, but also prevent it from growing too much. It is carried out by partial removal of the branch, based on the number of buds that must be left. The disadvantages of this method are that it is quite traumatic for the peach and the cuts heal for a long time.

Pruning pattern for a bud:

  1. Clean with alcohol the area of ​​the branch where you are going to cut, as well as the garden tool itself.
  2. Find out for yourself exactly how many kidneys should remain and measure 0.5 centimeters upwards from the topmost one. Put a label.
  3. Thirty centimeters up from this mark, cut the branch completely.
  4. You can now cut where the mark is.
  5. Apply healing solution to the cut.

If you want to make the crown not so dense, but lush, then trim to the outer bud (which grows outward, not deep into the crown). And if you want the branches not to be very lowered to the ground, do pruning, on the contrary, on the inner kidney.

Replacement knot pruning

Replacement knot pruning allows you to form a beautiful and healthy crown, as well as to ensure that the same branches bear fruit year after year, which will grow in the places the grower wishes. This can be done by cutting off excess shoots on the frame branch.

Substitute pruning pattern:

  1. Cut the branch using the bud method and leave two eyes.
  2. In a year, when two shoots grow from these eyes, pinch only the lower one - it will be the replacement knot.
  3. And cut off the top shoot to two eyes - it will turn into a fruitful branch.

Replacement pruning must be done every year. By the way, grapes are cut in exactly the same way.

Kerbovka

This technique allows you to activate dormant buds or, on the contrary, slow down their development. Kerbovka is easy to make - you just need to cut a small part of the bark above or below the kidney. This technique is quite humane and will not stress the plant. Kerbovka must be carried out in early spring, so that the kidneys do not have time to wake up.

Kerbing Chart:

  1. Find the bud that needs to be worked on.
  2. If you need to "stir up" it, make an incision above it, and if you "lull it" - then below it.
  3. In any case, the distance between the kidney and the incision should not be more than 3 mm.
  4. The incision itself should be relatively deep, and not just on the bark. Make it in the form of a strip, a semicircle or a cross. The thicker the branch, the more elongated the incision.

Pruning at planting

If the peach seedling is very young, up to a year old, it is better not to cut at planting. The young tree is still too fragile to endure such intrusions into its life. Let the peach first get used to the new habitat, otherwise there is a risk that the tree will die after pruning. That is why experienced gardeners say that pruning should be done only when the peach tree is a year old after planting. So, if planted in the fall, you can cut it in the spring of next year. Use the pinching method - it is the least traumatic. Leave a pair of buds on each upper branch, and carefully cut off the top.

Pruning in the first year of life

Pruning in the first year of life will give you the opportunity to form a beautiful crown exactly the shape you want. The most common and convenient form for harvesting the future crop is bowl-shaped. If you do not want to engage in laborious peach pruning in the first year of life, you can purchase a tree immediately with a formed crown.

Peach pruning technique in the first year of life in case of choosing a cupped crown:

  1. If you notice that the seedling has grown too quickly, it should be shortened to 50-60 centimeters.
  2. The total number of tiers should be three or four, and the same number of frame branches on each.
  3. Cut them to the outer buds.
  4. If there are heavily lowered branches, they can be tied to the top ones.
  5. Pinching off the green shoots on the skeletal branches throughout the summer.
  6. In autumn, also cut back to the same level as for summer pruning.

Second year pruning

In the second year of life, the peach will begin its active growth, and it will need to be pruned regularly throughout the summer. And in autumn and spring, just try to maintain the initially selected height level, cutting off only the very top. You also need to remove side shoots and see which buds you want to keep. Follow exactly the same pattern if your peach tree is three or four years old.

Pruning in the fifth year of life

A five-year-old peach tree is already a fairly mature plant, however, it needs regular rejuvenation. Every year, cut off the top shoots from the tree that have grown longer than ten centimeters, and the new shoots that have grown on the frame branches - they will become fruit-bearing competitors. Pruning in the fifth year of life will help make this fruit tree longer.

Peach care after pruning

The peach tree needs careful care after pruning. All cuts need to be well processed. Most gardeners prefer to use not the well-known garden variety, but oil paint as a treatment solution. The fact is that the var can let in moisture, which can cause rotting. But oil paint is an excellent sealant. Before processing the sections, it is advisable to apply a disinfectant solution to them. For example, copper sulfate. Give it a few minutes to dry before moving on to the next step.

Helpful tips

  1. When pruning, keep in mind that all productive branches grow at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. This will help you at work.
  2. When pruning peach branches, leave at least two buds on each.
  3. If you want to rejuvenate a peach and return it to a high yield, cut absolutely all branches that are more than four years old.
  4. After planting a peach tree, leave only the four lower shoots on it, and cut off the rest. It is from these four that the future crown will be formed.
  5. If you want to cup the crown shape, don't skip the spring pruning.

Proper peach pruning and tree care after it is a rather time-consuming and responsible task. However, your diligence and diligence will be encouraged by a rich harvest and longevity of a fruit-bearing tree.

Spring peach pruning video for beginners

Peach is one of the most capricious crops in terms of crown formation, and how correctly pruning is done, both seedlings from the first year of planting and actively fruiting trees. Therefore, when approaching a peach with a pruner in the spring, it is necessary to take into account a number of the following features. And peach pruning in the spring is mandatory - otherwise, fruiting will not increase, but fall sharply every year.

Contents

  1. Peach nuances in spring pruning
  2. Latest articles about the garden
  3. Peach pruning in spring
  4. Benefits of peach pruning in spring:
  5. How to prune old and young peach 9002?

Peach nuances in spring pruning

Peach as a fruit crop has an accelerated rate of passage of age periods, therefore it does not differ in longevity: seedlings live up to 20-25 years, grafted trees - about 15 years.

Peach trees are prone to the formation of sharp forks - therefore, breaks often occur during winds, and in winter - numerous frostbite - in the photo and video of damage to a young peach tree.

Latest articles about the garden

Peach is very light and thermophilic. In the shade and places with low winter temperatures, the tree will not produce a crop and will quickly die. The culture forms buds in a very short time. They have a high degree of awakening and sprout formation.

With good wintering and favorable development conditions, a high degree of fruit buds and a high percentage of ovary formation is observed - more than 1000 pieces per tree of medium height. If the pruning is done incorrectly, and the entire ovary is left on the peach, then the fruits will be small and not have very good taste. In addition, the tree is greatly weakened by reloading and becomes vulnerable to diseases and pests.

Spring peach pruning

Spring pruning is done to form a crown: remove or leave branches for various purposes. The result will be a high yield of the tree and an increase in the size of the fruit.

The best time to prune the tree is between bud swell and flowering. The interval is on average three weeks. A good period is the appearance of pinkish buds and the blooming of flowers. It lasts about seven days, and the probability of peach infection with cytosporosis through cuts is reduced to zero.

Advantages of peach pruning in spring:

1. Increase fruiting duration.

2. Decorative wood.

3. Maintaining the balance of the root system and crown.

4. Earlier flowering and faster fruit set.

Attention! The peach is very sensitive to cuts, so use a sharp and well-sanitized tool. Do not cut the branches, they must be cut in one motion, and the place of removal should be greased with garden broth.

We advise you to read our other articles Pruning currants in spring: video for beginnersPruning blackberries in spring: rules and schemesPruning cherries in spring: when to carry out and schemes

How to prune old and young peach?

For the correct growth of a peach, it is pruned from the first year of life, but it is not necessary to cut many branches.


Learn more