How to prune plumeria trees
How to Prune Plumeria: The Ultimate Beginner's Guide
Plumeria trees, also called frangipani and temple tree, are tropical plants grown for their architectural foliage and vibrant blooms. These tropical plants are dormant during winter and burst back into life in Spring. In this guide we’re going to teach you some simple rules on how to prune plumeria for better shape, better disease resistance, and more flowers.
Why Prune Plumeria Trees?
There are two reasons to prune plumeria: shape and disease. Pruning plumeria for disease is very simple and follows the most important rule in the garden, the three ‘D’s.
The three ‘D’s refers to Dead, Diseased and Damaged growth, and is a single rule for every plant in your home or garden. If you spot damaged, dead or diseased branches in spring, summer, autumn, or winter, the affected plant material should be removed as soon as possible.
The second reason is to maintain the shape of your plumeria plant. The reasons we need to maintain the shape of plumeria, or any tropical shrub, is both so it looks its best and to improve disease resistance. In the case of plumeria, in particular, keeping an open structure so air can flow freely between the branches is crucial to prevent fungal issues caused by humidity.
How do you Trim a Plumeria Tree?
To prune plumeria trees, you’ll need a sharp knife or a good pair of pruning shears, and the pruning rules are the same for mature frangipani and young trees too.
If you are pruning for the health of the plumeria tree by removing dead, damaged, or diseased branches, then always cut at least 1″ below the affected material, and immediately discard any diseased stems or leaves in trash bags – adding to compost can have adverse effects on other plants in future.
To prune for the shape of plumeria you need t to consider that by pruning you are creating new growth and supporting the production of fragrant flowers. Trim the plant carefully where a stem meets a leading branch, or just above a node.
Plumeria nodes are easy to spot as there will be a small bump in the main branch where new stems can emerge. To create a more even shape, cut branches, and any excessive growth in summer by carefully cutting back to where the secondary branch meets as mean trunk. Couple that by gently trimming the end a few inches (back to the highest node) on the thinner side of the tree in spring – this promotes new growth and will quickly even out the tree for a more symmetrical shape.
One really important this to remember about pruning any trees and shrubs, particularly older plumeria, is that they will forgive you. Pruning is good for the health of your plants, and you can read our guide to propagating plumeria for a better understanding of how it can even make new plants. If you cut too much, it will grow back. If you cut too little, you can try again next year.
When Should I Prune Plumeria?
Spring pruning frangipani
In spring when new healthy growth appears, that’s the perfect time to cut back plumeria. By cutting back in spring you promote new branches on this small tree. Plumeria produce a white sap so you’ll need garden gloves to protect your hands from potential allergic reactions.
For spring pruning, cutting the outer parts of the plant will help create a good shape for the coming summer and directly lead to more blooms later in the growing season.
Many gardeners make use of spring cuttings, by propagating them in water:
To propagate plumeria from branches left in spring, cut the young branches at a 45-degree angle, then place the cut end immediately in clean water. Cut the top of the stem at a straight angle (ideally with 1-2 leaves still attached, but this isn’t essential) and leave in a bright sunny position for a few weeks.
Summer pruning frangipani
By pruning frangipani in summer, you can stunt its growth, so it isn’t advised if you want to promote new growth or grow cuttings, but it can have some benefits.
Pruning tropical shrubs in late summer slows down their growth, and will help to create hollow parts of the plant with better air circulation. This reduces disease and the potential for infection, particularly as the days being to get shorter and fall weather conditions lead to high humidity and fungal infection on poorly ventilated plants.
1. KOTTO 4 Pack Professional Pruning Shears
This 4 pack of professional pruning shears includes bypass secateurs, flush secateurs, fine pruning shears, and detail scissors.
This is basically the ideal set of pruning tools for frangipani, with bypass secateurs for thick branches, and fine pruning scissors to trim any damaged foliage. The pack even comes with free soil aeration gloves to scrape through the surface of your soil every winter to prevent fungal build-ups in the soil and disturb any overwintering pests that might be hiding there.
- multiple uses
- great value
- free soil aeration gloves
- good for fine pruning
- good for mature branches
- not very durable
Check Price on Amazon
2. Professional Sharp Pruners, Will’s Sword
Garden tools need to be functional, but most of the time looks don’t matter for tools stored in the garage. When it comes to house plant tools, they need to be functional and look good at the same time.
These secateurs are incredibly sharp and will cut through the majority of growth on your lei trees. Their only downside is that they are manufactured in aluminum, which means they are unlikely to cut through tough branches without blunting over time.
- Great looking
- Great value
- Great for stems, leaves, and gentle pruning
- Not ideal for tough branches or mature growth.
Check Price on Amazon
3. Fiskars Pruning Shears
Fiskars bypass pruning shears are perfect for plumeria, and capable o cutting through every part of the plant if needed. Their steel blades are easy to clean, and will last for many, many, uses before they need sharpening.
I’ve had a pair of Fiskars shears for years, and use them most days for heavy pruning. The biggest advantage of Fiskars is their ergonomic handles which make them incredibly easy to use whether you’re just cutting one or two branches, or have an entire garden to control.
- Tough & durable
- Easy locking for safety
- Capable of cutting mature branches
- Long-lasting steel blade
- A little expensive
Check Price on Amazon
4. Spear & Jackson Bypass & Anvil Secateur Set
Spear & Jackson is one of the most trusted garden tool brands on the planet and they never fail to provide the best possible choice for almost every tool they manufacture.
This is their classic secateur set, with both anvil and bypass secateurs, and both are perfectly capable of handling some seriously heavy trimming of your plumeria plant.
Bypass secateurs mean exactly how they sound – each blade passes the other blade by, slicing entirely through the plant, but because of this, they are prone to bending. This set includes an anvil secateur, which will easily cut through the thicker branches of your plumeria, and because the blade closes on a base plate rather than bypassing it, it is much less likely to bend or blunt over time.
- Trusted brand
- Great price
- Multiple uses
- Strong & durable
Check Price on Amazon
Pruning Plumeria FAQs
How do I make my plumeria smaller?
Trimming branches at the top allows for the growth of more branches, which will branch out from nodes or buds in each stem. By cutting to a pair of nodes, you promote a thicker head, but a shorter plant.
When should plumeria be pruned?
To promote growth and boost blooms, or to develop more foliage, plumeria should be pruned in spring when new growth starts to show. To stunt growth, and reshape the plant, pruning in summer is an easy way to slow down and shorten branches for the following season.
How do you shape plumeria?
Plumeria are a small tree rather than a shrub, and are at their best when grown to look like a tree, with an exposed trunk, and good branch structure. Using some of the principles of bonsai growers can be a great way to control the shape of your plumerias.
Remembering to give an annual prune as part of your plumeria care routine is essential for better flowers, brighter leaves, and higher disease resistance.
There is no need to overthink pruning, as you can never truly get it wrong on any plant so long as you have enough healthy growth for your plumeria to regenerate. I hope we’ve answered your questions with our plumeria pruning guide.
🥇 How to Prune Plumeria Trees in (October 2022)
It is one of the best tropical trees with beautiful blooms that people love having in their gardens. People who love flowers of different types and colors will love having the Plumeria tree in their vicinity. The tree can fit your small garden or the backyard or make it an indoor decoration tree.
The temple tree grows over different seasons and, thus, makes a suitable home decoration. Its natural design is a considerable width.
Since it is short, it appears bushy and requires continuous trimming to retain its shape. Frequent cuttings do not limit growth, and the flower tree is always in good shape, and the blooms are in plenty.
Growing to a height of 12 feet by its sixth year, the tree requires cutting to keep it at a lower height. However, the length varies with each species that cultivate in your home. When mature, the tree can grow to 40 feet in height, thus the need for pruning.
Table of Contents
When to prune?
Once you decide to cut some of the tree’s foliage, it is essential to consider the timeline. If you pick summer for the pruning period, the cut branches will leave a scar that starts to sprout, damaging the tree’s visual appeal. Besides, locating the area to prune with the thick foliage also poses a challenge.
Winter offers the best period for the procedure. Why this period is right is due to the continuous shedding of the tree’s foliage, leaving the branches bare for you to pick and cut.
The tree will remain bare and dormant until spring when the new stubs transform into beautiful branches with dotting leaves. Since the form is visible during winter, many prune their Plumeria trees at this time.
Be gentle when pruning to ensure that the area retains its growth spurt for the new blossoms. Prune regularly (every winter season) to keep the tree in a decent size depending on the area, mostly indoors.
Related Post: Vinyl Fence
Why prune the Plumeria Tree?
The trees experience a spurt of growth and can become huge. Depending on the space you have, you need to maintain the size of the tree through pruning. The process cuts back the growth process reducing it for a specific period. Also, it promotes increased foliage growth shaping in different.
Many of this type of vegetation grows quite tall and that height is unsuitable for your garden. By trimming, the tree focusses growth to the branches and their foliage. Therefore, the shapes morph into a bush with simple but eye-catching flowers.
The pollarding procedure that helps shape the older trees allows the formation of the thicker and more lined canopy. You remove the lower ranking branches from the tree allowing growth to increase at the top. The shape morphs to a natural umbrella providing much-needed safety from extreme sunshine.
Pollarding is not only for a longer-living brand of trees. If you want your younger variety to retain their current height, you utilize the same procedure. You have to be sure of your environmental conditions as some tend to promote an extra growth rate. If so, trim on a regular interval.
After Care for the Tree
Trimming is a dire process and since the pruning season may not provide the necessary nutrient, adding them is essential. Once spring sets in, prepare the mix and add it to the tree with ample water.
Ensure that the fertilizer or compost is spread evenly on every inch of the trunk of the tree. Distribute the fertilizer evenly on a distance of two inches all around the tree away from the drip irrigation system. Keep the water running at regular intervals?
If the summer is dry, try watering with every opportunity to eliminate dry spells in the soil. Do not make the soil soggy or too soaked, but keep it fresh with water while allowing a decent drainage system.
How do you trim the Plumeria tree?
The process is straightforward. You need to collect the equipment you need, identify the branches or leaves you want to remove. Prepare in advance to prune during the right period and arrange for all essential after completing the trimming process.
Step one: prune during winter heading to spring.
Time the pruning period to just before spring sets in after winter. Since trimming allows the tree to activate its growth cells and sprout, spring presents a growth boost. Growth is seasonal, and not tropical countries occur mostly during summer and spring. The new growth makes the plant appear thicker and fuller, and the appearance continues with every pruning it gets.
Some prefer to trim the tree after the blossoms bloom. The process damages the appearance since the growth period is not yet over in summer when the tree flowers open up.
If you live in the northern hemisphere, do not prune in April to November, while those in the south should leave the tree alone from February to April. The period indicates when the plant will bloom and the flowers open-up in both areas.
Step two: cut the dead or diseased plant sections.
A tree trim involves removing anything that does not seem right or seemly from the tree. It includes dead leaves, diseased branches, or withering flowers. The procedure does not require you to wait till winter or the pruning season to commence. You can remove them anytime, as it pertains to the appearance and beauty of your tree garden.
Step three: cut using sharp cutting tools.
Pick the right cutting tool depending on the size and age of the Plumeria tree. When they grow, they tend to gain more wood and using simple, but sharp shears may not do the work. Therefore, gather the shears, a saw, or a knife is pruning a younger tree. Since you need a clean cut of the branches, you need to sharpen the tools.
Pull out your garden gloves and wear them to protect your hands during the trim. Gloves also firm your hold on the branch you need to cut.
Use the pruning shears as most advisable due to their stability, ease of use, and sharpness. A saw also works, mainly if the branches are thicker and more wood. Very young trees do not require the brash shears or the heavy saw; all you need to prune are the scissors or a sharp knife.
Keep the cutting tools clean. Sanitize before and after trimming the tree. The process removes and kills any bacteria or fungi, protecting the tree from diseases. You can use alcohol as it is easily accessible and useful as well.
Step four: trim the larger branches
The tree is firm and harsh to the blade or saw. The branches can retract to 12 inches without having any devastating effect on the tree. Therefore, cut through any unwanted smaller branches to affluent the more challenging sections. You can cut the branches until you reach the ground and leave it at a small height.
Leave about an inch in length from the ground. However, avoid the branch collar connecting the branches as it is part of the tree stem. If you cut, you top the branch, and it limits growth.
When you decide to cut, aim your blade or at a 45-degree angle to ensure water flow. If water rests on the stump, the results can be a fungal development.
Related Post: Garden Hose Nozzles
Trimming any tree requires precision and understanding of how each will regrow and the advantages of it. The Plumeria tree is one that blossoms after a trim. Therefore, follow the right procedure and use the right equipment for the pruning. Ensue to fertilize and water regularly for matching growth rate.
Plumeria - home care, propagation and pruning
One of the mysterious and spectacular plants, Plumeria or Frangipani is successfully kept at home. Although caring for it requires experience, many are happy to start a tree because of the bright flowers with a wonderful aroma.
Plumeria comes from the tropics, in Thailand it is even considered a sacred plant. In our northern latitudes, the flower is not very popular due to the characteristics of cultivation. In botanical gardens and rooms, with a specially created microclimate, a tree can grow up to ten meters. At home, with good care, it is quite possible to get a plant up to two meters tall.
Frangipani is a type of tree that blooms in early spring. Requires a lot of heat and sunlight.
Care at home
Conditions in the southern regions are more suitable for plumeria, so the plant is considered unpretentious there. Having set out to grow and make Frangipani bloom in the northern latitudes, you will have to study its features.
Choosing a place
A Tropican who has arrived from the store must get used to the new conditions. It is not recommended to immediately expose it to the direct rays of the sun, in order to avoid burns and faded colors.
The southern window sills of your apartment are ideal for the plant. A good option would be western and eastern, but then the plant should be provided with additional lighting. North windows should not be considered at all, only if there really is no way out.
Bright direct light is needed at the beginning of flowering. The condition for laying buds is six hours of direct sunlight.
In summer it makes sense to take the plant out into the open space, balcony, summer terrace, garden. This is done gradually, in order to accustom the delicate petals to the sun's rays. In open space, you should choose a place protected from drafts and gusts of wind.
A heat-loving southerner requires a stable temperature within +25 - +30 degrees. Too high a temperature will make the plant drooping and lifeless.
With the onset of a dormant period in the autumn months, the temperature begins to decrease, gradually bringing it to +16 degrees by winter. The lower threshold should not be crossed, in order to avoid the death of the plant.
Watering and Humidity Rates
Southern Tropican loves a humid microclimate. A completely dried up clod of earth is the probable death of the plant, the death of the root system.
Water the plumeria heartily so that all the soil in the pot is saturated with moisture, but do not flood the flower. The next watering is determined by the dried top layer of soil.
It is easy to create high humidity around the plant with the help of wet moss spread out in a pallet, it makes sense to place the pot on pebbles or expanded clay poured and filled with water.
In summer, it is advisable to spray the plant with warm water a couple of times a day, covering the petals from splashes. In winter, spraying can be reduced. We do the regularity of watering less often, but still do not let the soil dry out completely. Spraying is resumed at the beginning of the growing season, when new shoots and young leaves begin to appear.
What to do after flowering
The dormant period of plumeria does not last long, from a month to one and a half. It is not difficult to notice it, old leaves begin to fall off, only the leaves that appeared in the current year remain on the plant.
At this time, Frangipani completely slows down its growth, but does not completely stop. At this time, it is necessary to gradually reduce the temperature, do not make sudden changes.
When the temperature drops, pay attention to the window sill, it can be cold and the roots may freeze. To avoid this is easy, just put a piece of foam under the bottom.
The use of additional lighting during the hibernation period should be completely removed. The plant needs this event only as a provocation for the appearance of buds.
It is worth knowing that Frangipani grows very quickly and spends a lot of energy on growth. Fertilization is a measure necessary for growth and long flowering.
It is quite difficult to make a balanced fertilizer by yourself, it would be reasonable to use ready-made complexes for ornamental plants. During the flowering period, a special top dressing for flowering plants should be applied, where there are all the necessary trace elements to prolong flowering.
Fertilizers are applied strictly according to the instructions twice a month, starting with growth activation and ending with leaf shedding. The plant is also fed foliarly by spraying the foliage.
Pruning and crown shaping
Dwarf plumeria require almost no pruning, except for rejuvenation and propagation.
The plant can "grow out" to anything but room size if growth is not controlled by removing and shortening shoots.
The pruning process should be carried out when the plant is in a period of complete dormancy, or immediately after shedding foliage. This rule is mandatory, because the buds are laid only on young shoots.
When cutting and forming a crown, it is necessary to thin out the shoots, remove old ones that will interfere with flowering. At this time, you can take the material for propagation, cut off the cuttings of the current year with one or two buds.
Pruning is carried out both to rejuvenate the entire bush, and to give the plant an attractive appearance, the crown can be shaped to your liking. Please note that in the first three or four years you will observe a bare trunk with a small cap of leaves at the very top, only after a while the plant begins to sprout side shoots and becomes lush.
Beginning growers should know that plumeria does not send out new shoots after pruning, only after flowering. Don't worry if your plant stands for a long time with an unattractive bare trunk.
What to do with plumeria after purchase
In the greenhouses where plants are brought to stores, almost ideal conditions have been created for all types of pets. They go on sale in special containers with transport soil, which is very scarce.
It is not recommended to rush to transplant a flower immediately after purchase. Let him settle in and get used to the new conditions. This period will take about a week.
Next, look at the state of the plant, how it reacted to lighting, watering and the whole complex of care. The plant will immediately give a signal with its appearance about your wrong actions.
The plant may need to be repotted if roots show through the drainage holes in the pot.
Planting and transplanting plumeria
Plants that are under four years of age should be transplanted every spring, at the beginning of the activation of life processes.
Already mature flowers need to be transplanted less frequently, once every 2-3 years. Trees that are too large are difficult to transplant, so they have their roots pruned. The top and side layers of the soil are removed, the roots are cut with a sharp and disinfected knife, then fresh soil is added instead of the old one.
Plumeria should be transplanted into a pot slightly larger in diameter than the previous one. At home, it is easy to mix the soil yourself:
- Two parts of leaf soil
- Two pieces of peat
- Part of rotted manure
- Portion of coarse river sand
All components are thoroughly mixed and poured with fungicide or roasted in the oven.
It would be wiser to use specially prepared soil from a flower shop when transplanting.
In addition to the pot and the soil, it is necessary to prepare the material for the drainage layer, expanded clay, broken brick, clay shards.
We make a drainage layer two centimeters high, pour a little soil on it and install the plant, straighten the roots. After that, it remains to fill in the voids and shed the soil well. After watering, the soil will definitely settle, check whether it is necessary to add more.
How to propagate plumeria
It is quite easy to propagate exotic houseplants like frangipani or adeniums. Usually, for beginner flower growers, the procedure does not cause difficulties.
Our southerner is propagated in two ways:
Propagation by seeds
Seeds are easy to collect from a plant that is already growing in your area or purchased in a store, often they are brought from Thailand by vacationers.
Plumeria seeds are large, up to three centimeters long, with a seal on one side, where the seed itself is located, on the other side a translucent tail. We usually plant seeds with it.
Well-dried seeds need not be specially prepared before planting. If you want, then soak them in a solution of foundationazole for fifteen minutes, but even without this they sprout perfectly.
Mini-hotbeds are ideal for sowing, and there are a lot of them on the market. We prepare the soil for seeds light, moisture-intensive and loose. It is easier to sow the seeds in peat tablets, where all the necessary trace elements have already been added.
We place the seeds with their tails up, do not hide them completely in the soil, let them peek out about a centimeter. For the entire growing period, observe the humidity, do not let the soil dry out. We also monitor the temperature, it should be constant, +22 - +25 degrees. The greenhouse should be placed in the brightest place.
Seeds usually take about a week to germinate. Then we remove the shelter so that the leaves actively continue to grow. When the seeds are germinated in tablets, then it is very easy to transplant them into pots, right along with the tablet completely and cover with soil.
The disadvantage of this method is that you will get flowering only after a year.
Propagation by cuttings
Propagation by cuttings is much easier and faster. You will receive a flowering plant in a couple of months, because plumeria grows quite quickly.
Cuttings, as well as seeds, are very often brought by tourists from Vietnam and Thailand. The length of the planting material should reach 40-45 centimeters. When pruning your indoor frangipani, do not take fresh, green shoots, only last year's, already lignified.
Please note that when cut, the plumeria releases a large amount of juice, it is very poisonous, causes irritation when it gets on the skin. Cuttings cut for rooting should always be washed well under running water until all the juice is washed off.
After pruning, the cuttings should be well dried, you can leave the cuttings in the open air for a couple of days. Then we put them in warm water with the addition of root to speed up rooting, so the cuttings will stand for another two days.
The soil for rooting should be loose, we buy ordinary soil, for universal purposes, take two parts of it and mix it with one part of fine sand, for good moisture retention, add a handful of perlite to three liters of soil mixture.
An ordinary plastic bottle can serve as a container for rooting the cutting. At the bottom we pour a layer of expanded clay, two centimeters thick, we fill the top with soil. An important point - the soil should always be warm so that the cuttings do not rot.
Moisten the soil and then place the cutting. We expose the container to the brightest and warmest place. It is advisable to carry out these manipulations in the spring or early summer, then there is a high probability that the cuttings will have enough light and heat.
Watering stems that are not yet rooted should be done carefully to prevent acidification of the soil and rotting of the cuttings. Rooting usually takes two months, only after the appearance of strong roots, which will be visible through the transparent walls of the container, can the plant be transplanted.
Diseases and pests
Frangipani is rarely attacked by pests. The exception is the spider mite, but it appears only as a result of improper care - excessive dryness. To avoid its appearance is quite simple, spray the tree every day, morning and evening.
If the tick still appears, and you notice its cobwebs on the wrong side of the leaves, continue spraying, the pest is afraid of moisture. Treat the plant twice with an interval of ten days with a fungicide solution.
Plumeria most often suffers from root rot. There is a problem with improper watering and acidification of the soil, more often in winter, at too low a temperature.
The problem is solved by transplanting, with the removal of rotten roots and the replacement of soil. Next, quality care is monitored.
Insufficient lighting and heat the plant reacts by drying and shedding leaves. Here, too, problems are eliminated and the appearance of the flower returns to normal.
There are not so many varieties and species of the plant, only three are practiced at home:
- White plumeria
- Plumeria red
- Plumeria blunt
Each species has its advantages in terms of growth, ease of care, flowering period. If the extraordinary aroma of this plant is important to you, then choose white or yellow frangipani.
Contents of the page
- 1 Care Plumeria. Soil Requirements
- 2 Sunlight Requirements
- 3 Watering the Frangipani Tree
- 4 Fertilizing Plumeria - what do they like?
- 5 Best Growing Temperatures
- 6 How Much Humidity Do Frangipani Need?
- 7 Pruning Frangipani to Control Size
- 8 Transplanting Young Plants
- 9 Give Frangipani Trees a Winter Rest
- 10 Growing Plumeria Trees - Propagation
- 10.1 Propagation from cuttings:
- 10.2 How to grow from pods
- 11 Pests and diseases of Plumeria
Plumeria tree - a plant with a mass of fragrant flowers. Flowering period from March to October. In adulthood, Plumeria plants reach about a meter in height. Plumeria is a tropical plant, so it does not tolerate freezing winters, but a small tree can be planted in a container with potting soil and brought indoors in the winter.
Plumeria flower is also called the Hawaiian lei flower. The Plumeria tree is very beautiful during the flowering period. Tropical Plumeria or Frangipani plants botanically produce beautiful star-shaped flowers in a variety of hues including white, pink, red and yellow. Very fragrant flowers stand out beautifully against the background of a large-leaved, evergreen or deciduous plant, depending on the variety.
Plumeria is found in Central America, especially in Mexico, Venezuela and Colombia. Plumeria red has the following common names:
- Red spider
- Red jasmine
- Red frangipani
- Common frangipani
- Temple tree
Care plumeria. Soil requirements
The Plumeria tree is a wonderful landscaping addition to the home garden, but also well-suited for growing in pots. The Plumeria tree is a hardy plant that grows well in any soil, but well-drained soil, be it garden soil or pots, is more suitable for good growth and development of the plant. The Plumeria tree is best grown in a pot. Because such a plant, if necessary, is easy to move to a place protected from bad weather conditions. If you want the plumeria to look like it's growing in the ground, bury the plant's pot in the soil. You can dig it up when the seasonal temperatures drop.
Like most flowering plants, frangipani trees need plenty of sunlight to bloom profusely. If you are growing plumeria in pots, they will do best in midday shade, otherwise full sun or at least 6 hours of sunlight is preferred.
When watering Plumeria trees, remember that they do not like standing water in the soil. Water the plant frequently from March until the end of November when it has a lot of foliage and flowers.
Water only when the soil is dry. When the leaves start to fall, stop watering. Don't water the plant again until you see new leaves. Watering dormant plants often results in the death of the plant.
Plumeria Fertilizer - What do they like?
Like most flowering plants, fertilizer provides Plumeria with a high level of phosphorus, especially during flower development. Look for fertilizers with a high average, such as 10-30-10, often referred to as "Bloom Booster" fertilizers. If you are applying a high phosphorus liquid fertilizer, apply it once every 4-5 weeks. Don't overfeed with nitrogen or you'll have longer, weaker stems and less flowering as the nitrogen promotes foliage growth.
Best Growing Temperatures
Plumeria feels good at an average temperature of 15 to 30 degrees. The plant tolerates heat, although you will need to water the plants more frequently. Move the plant indoors when the temperature drops below 12 degrees.
How much moisture does a frangipani need?
Frangipani flowers prefer moderate humidity. Place the pot on a tray of wet pebbles. This increases the humidity around the plant. Misting is a good idea, especially in summer with high temperatures. Be careful when spraying to spray only the foliage and not the flowers.
Frangipani trim for size control
Prune tropical frangipani trees only to control their size, shape, or when removing broken or diseased branches. Avoid tearing and damaging the bark when removing long, heavy branches. The plant can tolerate pruning all year round, although winter pruning will reduce the number of spring plumeria flowers.
Transplantation of young plants
In early spring, when plant roots fill the container, move it to a larger pot. Make sure the large pot has drainage holes to prevent root rot.
Give the frangipani trees a winter rest
Most frangipani varieties are dormant during the winter months, requiring a refreshing rest. Store them in a cool room, garage or basement. Make sure the temperature does not drop below 12 degrees.
Growing plumeria trees - propagation
Propagation from cuttings:
- Select a healthy plumeria cutting mother plant
- Let the milk juice from the cutting dry
- For best results, use scraps of at least 36cm.
- Prepare the soil with 2/3 perlite and 1/3 peat.
- Fill the pot with the mixture, leaving 3-6 cm from the edge of the pot.
- Dip the cutting in rooting hormone powder (some people recommend letting the cutting dry for a week before planting)
- Stick the cutting into the pot
- Press the soil firmly around the cutting. Add more soil if necessary
- Water until water runs out of drain holes
- Place the pot in a warm sunny place
- Roots should develop in 3-5 weeks
How to grow from pods
- Purchase a pod or seeds from a local garden store or online
- Fill small plastic trays or pots with a thick, well-draining potting mix
- Place seeds in soil with wings sticking up
- Firm soil around seeds to ensure good contact
- Keep the soil moist and place in a sunny location
- Germination takes about 21 days
Plumeria pests and diseases
Plumeria has practically no insect pests, and the reason for this is the poisonous sap of the tree.