How to prune yucca trees


Should You Trim A Yucca Plant To Remove Dead Leaves?

Yuccas are highly popular, both as potted houseplants and as ornamental garden features. They are easy to grow, resilient, and dramatic in appearance. But, their beauty can be marred by the presence of brown, dried leaves that cling to their trunks for days or weeks. Should you trim those dead leaves off your yucca plant to make it look better? We've done the research, and we have the answers for you!

Your yucca plant's dead leaves will eventually dry up and fall away on their own. However, if you prefer to remove the unsightly brown leaves sooner, you can cut them away just above the base of the leaf. This method ensures that the base of each leaf remains attached to the yucca's trunk, protecting it from insects, disease, and the elements.

You can also pull the dead leaves gently downward until they detach from the trunk, but doing so will remove the whole leaf, including the base, thus leaving the yucca's trunk exposed and vulnerable.

In the remainder of this article, we'll show you how to safely trim the dead leaves from each of the three major types of yuccas. We will also answer several common questions about pruning and shaping yuccas, how to prune your yucca so that it will branch out, whether it's safe to cut a yucca off at the top, and how to stop the ornamental yuccas in your garden from growing taller. Keep reading to learn more! 

How To Safely Trim A Yucca

Yuccas are best known for their swordlike leaves and the bell-shaped white flowers they produce, densely clustered on short vertical stalks. More than 40 distinct species of yuccas fall into three broad categories: large trees, smaller ornamental trees, and bushy shrubs. Each of these types of yucca requires a different strategy for pruning its dead leaves.   

Large Trees

A few species of yuccas, such as the Joshua Tree and Giant Yucca, grow to 30 feet or more in height. They feature tall, thick trunks with pom-pom-like bunches of sword-shaped leaves topping gnarled branches.

Large yucca trees that grow in the wild are not pruned, so they have a distinctively shaggy appearance, with the remnants of old, dead leaves clinging to their trunks in various stages of disarray. However, if you prefer a smoother look for your large yucca tree, you can cut off its dead, brown fronds just above their junction with the trunk, leaving the base of each frond attached to the trunk as a protective covering.      

Small Ornamental Trees

Smaller yucca trees, ranging from 3 feet to 15 feet in height, are popular both as potted houseplants and ornamental landscape features. These yuccas have dark green or variegated leaves that grow around the sides of the trunk and branches. Flower stalks grow out of the crown of green leaves at the top of each tree.

As an ornamental yucca tree grows, the older leaves at the bottom die off, turning brown and dry. You can wait for these leaves to fall off naturally, but you may prefer to keep your yucca looking fresh and green by removing the dead leaves.

You can peel the leaves off the trunk by gently pulling them back and down; however, this method leaves the trunk exposed to pests, disease, and weather. The healthier alternative for your tree is to snip away each dead leaf about an inch above its junction with the tree's trunk so that the leaf's base remains attached to protect the trunk. 

Click here for pruning shears on Amazon.

Bushy Trunkless Shrubs

A third group of yuccas popular with gardeners is the bushy, trunkless species that grow close to the ground with their spiky leaves pointing straight up. These yuccas feature dramatic clusters of white flowers on thick vertical shafts that grow up out of the center of the plant. They are most often used in the garden but can also be potted and kept indoors.

Bushy yuccas grow outward instead of up, so the dead brown leaves that you'll want to remove will typically be near the plant's center. Using a sharp knife or pruning shears, snip these leaves off about an inch above the base. Be careful not to cut into the tender central core of the plant, which sits just above the ground. Be careful: the leaves of many yucca species can be sharp and spiny, so make sure to wear heavy gardening gloves and a long-sleeved shirt as you trim. 

Click here for gardening gloves on Amazon.

Should I Cut Brown Leaf Tips Off My Yucca?

It's pretty common for the tips of your yucca's leaves to turn brown. This is usually a sign that you are under-watering the plant or that the humidity level in your home is too low. Snipping off the brown, dead tips of the leaves will improve the appearance of your yucca, but to address the problem, you must supply the plant with more water.

Yuccas don't tolerate consistently wet soil, so increase your watering regimen gradually. If low humidity in your home is an issue, spray your yucca's leaves once per week with a light misting of water. 

Click here for Adam's Needle yucca seeds on Amazon.

How To Make A Yucca Branch Out

Whether it's a potted plant, an outdoor ornamental tree, or a bushy garden feature, you can prune your yucca plant to affect its shape. If you'd like your bushy yucca to grow wider rather than taller, prune off new growth as it emerges at the top of the plant.

To encourage your yucca tree to branch out, cut off its top, including the crown of new growth and any flowering spikes. A yucca tree pruned in this manner will grow branches out of the tops and sides of the trunk, while bushy yuccas will expand laterally and become fuller and denser. 

Can You Cut The Top Off A Yucca?

Sometimes, potted or outdoor ornamental yuccas become too large for the space they occupy. You can cut them down to a more appropriate size by simply marking the desired height on the trunk and then lopping off the top of the plant.

Yuccas are incredibly resilient: the topped-off trunk will look ragged for a short while, but it will soon sprout new leaves and flowers. In addition, there's no need to discard the top of the tree -- you can root it, plant it in a pot, and soon have another thriving yucca tree! 

 

Click here for Joshua Tree-style yucca on Amazon.

How To Stop Yuccas From Growing Taller

To stop a shrubby yucca from growing taller, cut off the flower stalk about 3 - 4 inches above its base before its flowers have entirely faded. Because the stalk rises to 6 feet above the tips of the leaves, cutting it dramatically reduces the visual height of the plant, and, once cut, the stalk will not regrow until the following year.

On a yucca tree, cut off all new growth as it emerges from the crown of leaves at the top of the trunk. You will need to perform this step periodically, as new growth will continue to sprout from the tip of the trunk. 

In Closing

Yuccas are easy-to-care-for plants that add interest and color to your garden or as potted plants inside your home. They offer dramatic foliage, striking clusters of flowers, and a variety of sizes and shapes. You can trim, prune, and lop them to fit the available space. If you trim off the brown leaf tips and prune the dead leaves by following the tips provided above, you can keep your yucca healthy and looking great! 

You may also enjoy the following:

Should I Repot My Yucca Plant? [And How To Do So]

Yucca Leaves Drooping – What To Do?

Yucca plant care: watering, pruning & co

For many years now, I have been growing various vegetables as a hobby in my spare time, which is what ultimately led me to studying horticulture. I find it fascinating to watch as plants grow from seed to fruit and to then finally be able to make use of the literal fruits of my labour.

Favourite fruit: Strawberries and cherries
Favourite vegetable: Potatoes, tomatoes and garlic

The yucca is a very grateful plant, but it still needs a little care and possibly some pruning now and then.

With their spiky shape, yuccas can tolerate pruning well [Photo: Peter Maerky/ Shutterstock.com]

Yucca plants (Yucca) are considered particularly low-maintenance indoor plants that require little watering or pruning. The agave plant (Agavoideae) is native to the arid regions of North and Central America, where conditions are sometimes harsh. We will show you everything you need to know about yucca plant care.

Contents

  • The right location for the yucca
  • Yucca plant care
    • Watering yuccas
    • Fertilising yuccas
    • Repotting a yucca plant
  • Pruning yuccas: when and how?
    • When should yuccas be pruned?
    • How to prune a yucca plant

The right location for the yucca

Yuccas are mostly kept as decorative houseplants in this country, and the giant yucca (Yucca elephantipes) is particularly popular for this purpose. Conveniently, various yucca species also thrive outdoors in Germany despite the harsh winters, including, for example, the Roman candle (Yucca gloriosa) or Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa). Since the plant is native to a very sunny part of the world, it needs plenty of light. The ideal place for yucca palms indoors is by the window; outdoors, a warm place protected from the wind, such as on the south side of the house, is perfect for these heat-resistant plants. You should also choose the substrate with care because the agave plant does not tolerate waterlogging and too much moisture at all well. Therefore, choose a permeable and nutrient-rich substrate. In an emergency, it can be loosened by adding a little sand.

Yucca palms feel most comfortable when placed in a bright spot close to a window [Photo: Amilao/ Shutterstock.com]

Yucca plant care

The yucca requires limited maintenance, both indoors and outdoors. We present everything you need to know.

Watering yuccas

Yuccas are typical desert plants adapted to little water. Therefore, too frequent watering can harm them more than too severe drought. The prickly plants react to waterlogging especially in the root area with root rot and leaf drop. Therefore, the main rule is: better to water less than too much.

Fertilising yuccas

Caution should always be taken also with fertilising. In the case of yuccas in the garden, lightly incorporating some compost into the soil once a year is quite sufficient, while for yuccas grown indoors in pots, adding some fertiliser now and then is beneficial. A suitable fertiliser, for example, is our Plantura Liquid Houseplant Food, or alternatively, diluted nettle liquid manure.

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Find out what to do about disease symptoms such as yellow leaves on yuccas here.

Repotting a yucca plant

Repotting a yucca is a useful way to provide the plant with fresh, nutrient-rich soil while creating more space for the roots. Change the pot approximately every two years in the spring when the roots are already peeking out from the bottom. Even if the roots have grown so much in time, nevertheless, always offer a change of substrate with permeable and nutrient-rich soil. Your yucca will thank you.

Your yucca will take pleasure in an exchange of its substrate every two years [Photo: Valerii Kolomiiets/ Shutterstock.com]

When caring for your yucca, pay attention to the following points:

  • Water sparingly; do not create waterlogging
  • fertilise only moderately
  • Repot every two years; new substrate is important

Pruning yuccas: when and how?

Although yuccas may rid themselves of excess leaves from time to time, in some cases trimming may be appropriate.

When should yuccas be pruned?

Yuccas do not necessarily need to be pruned but thinning out the leaves can be beneficial. If your specimen in the living room has reached a certain size and is starting to get out of hand, reaching for the scissors (or saw) can also help. It is usually best to prune back a yucca in the spring to early summer, so that the plant has enough time to recover before winter.

You can obtain new cuttings and offshoots whilst pruning your yucca palm [Photo: Li Varnava/ Shutterstock.com]

How to prune a yucca plant

To properly prune the yucca palm, you need sterile cutting tools to avoid infection. Depending on your needs, you can either remove individual leaves or directly cut off part of the stem. Yucca palms also tolerate severe pruning very well and resprout quickly. When removing any individual sharp leaves, it is always advisable to wear gloves. Cut off any wilted, yellow, and overhanging leaves directly at the base. For radical pruning, you should cut the trunk cleanly with a saw and then seal it with tree wax. The cut parts of the plant (even leafless parts of the stem) can be grown into new plants as cuttings.

How to prune yucca at home, garden, indoor

Novice flower growers often do not know how to prune yucca at home. Shaping and pruning are one of the main conditions for growing yucca, which will allow it to remain thick and lush. The procedure is easy to carry out at home without harming the plant.

What is pruning for?

Pruning allows you to give the flower a beautiful shape. A young plant looks good in a pot, but as it grows, it stretches and lacks splendor: the trunk is thin, there are few green leaves. Therefore, the top is cut off and the branching process is started in a similar way. The crown becomes richer, and the flower itself looks more alive.

Yucca grows quickly, at home the root system cannot always provide the crown with moisture and nutrients - when the stem is shortened, this problem disappears.

If the plant begins to die, then pruning is also carried out. This is how cuttings are obtained, from which new specimens will grow. If the trunk is rotten, it is often possible to save the tops, which are used for further rooting.

Another reason for trimming is the curvature of the trunk. A bent stem can break, which is very painful for a yucca. In addition, there is a risk that the pot will simply fall under the weight of the leaves. Therefore, it is better to cut the crooked trunk and allow the flower to grow new shoots.

Cut the plant even if it is damaged by a pest or fungus. More often this happens with yucca growing in open ground. In order to save the flower, all its damaged parts are removed and the plant is treated with chemicals. Leaves that have been cut are immediately disposed of so that the pest does not spread throughout the garden.

When is the best time to prune yucca? Daylight hours at this time lengthen, but the sun does not burn yet. Yucca begins to wake up after winter dormancy, so it will be good to move away after pruning, drying the cuts normally. After they are "sealed", the yucca will begin to branch actively.

By the way! If your yucca overwintered correctly (that is, from November to February you kept it in a room with 10 degrees), it will tolerate pruning and growing new leaf roots best.

Work must be completed by April . This month, the plant is already in active growth. That is, juices move along the trunk with a vengeance. If it is halved in the middle of spring and later, the sections will not dry out, the yucca will “bleed” for a long time and may even die.

Of course, you can prune yucca in other seasons, not only in spring. But the plant germinates faster in the spring and also grows better, so many choose this time.

How often can a yucca be shortened?

A young (recently bought or grown) plant is better to touch after two years. Previously, it simply does not make sense - the stem will not have time to stretch out yet.

If the plant has several shoots at the same time, one or two can be cut off for propagation. But do not remove all together, this can greatly weaken the mother plant. Optimally - from a mature yucca, remove a shoot (shoot) per year.

If the plant was flooded for a long time and its rhizome or trunk began to rot , softened, you can not look at the frequency or season. Immediately remove the top from the yucca. This may be your only chance to save the plant. It is advisable to cut the “cap” (and stem shoots, if there are healthy places without dark, putrefactive spots) from 10 to 15 cm long. In addition, if the root seems healthy to you, it can be transferred to a fresh substrate along with a bare small stump.

Pruning advice

Professional advice:

  • Before pruning yucca after flowering, water it abundantly (2 days before the planned procedure).
  • Cut the plant with a very sharp knife or secateurs, after disinfecting the tool.
  • Cut in one motion. In no case can you "undercut and break off."
  • After the procedure, dry the wound in the open air and fill it with liquid paraffin.

Equipment

The necessary equipment should be prepared in advance:

  • pruner or sharp knife;
  • alcohol;
  • paraffin or any garden putty;
  • plant anti-stress preparations, eg Epin;
  • activated carbon;
  • drainage, earth and container for rooting the cut top.

Cutting methods - step by step cutting

The procedure is carried out carefully. You can significantly reduce stress for a flower if you follow the step-by-step instructions clearly.

  1. Determine the cut point. The length of the hemp should be between 25–50 cm, this size is sufficient for the formation of young shoots.
  2. Hold the crown with your hand and cut. This must be done clearly, in one motion, completely cutting off the trunk and preventing it from breaking off. If the stem is broken, the vascular system of the plant will be disrupted.
  3. Allow the cutting area to dry naturally. To do this, leave the plant alone for 2 hours.
  4. Treat the cut with garden putty or paraffin. This will protect the yucca from moisture loss and create a barrier against the penetration of harmful bacteria.

Before starting the process, try to imagine the appearance of the plant after the manipulation. Please note that after pruning, the palm tree stops growing the main trunk, its thickness also remains the same, only newly formed shoots grow. Therefore, a plant is formed to reach a certain length of 50-70 cm.

Yucca with several trunks

If there are several shoots, pruning is carried out in several steps: along the trunk for a year. Given the slow growth of yucca, they will develop evenly.

Important! If all trunks are manipulated at the same time, the plant may die from stress.

How to prune yucca after flowering

At home, yucca rarely blooms. But if you create favorable conditions for it, then in the summer beautiful white flowers, similar to bells, may appear. For this to happen, the plant needs a lot of light, good nutrition and peace in the winter. Before blooming, the yucca shoots out an arrow, on which buds form.

After flowering, a bare stem remains, which does not look very aesthetically pleasing and spoils the appearance of the plant. Therefore, when the last petals fly around, and the peduncle itself begins to dry, it can be cut off. Do this with a sharp pruner at a slight angle to the very base. Also remove the lower line of leaves, which usually wither and turn yellow.

How to prune yucca for side shoots

Annual pruning of yucca sprouts allows you to control the shape of the trunk and its branching. An unusual indoor tree will perfectly fit into the composition in the interior of an apartment or office, taking a central place in it. Against the background of a palm tree, Benjamin's ficus, spathiphyllum, zamiokulkas or money tree will look great.

Specialists get really interesting and non-standard bends of a palm tree, while the plant has not yet completely lignified. In order for the trunk to stretch in length, the pot with the plant is placed where it will experience some light deficiency. In an effort to get more sunlight, the palm tree will build up the trunk, and then it will be possible to give it an unusual position.

How to prune yucca for branching

A florist who has a yucca grown from cuttings of an adult plant will sooner or later have to learn how to prune a yucca at home. To obtain a palm tree with a spreading crown, you need to root the most powerful of the tops obtained during pruning.

The pruning procedure is often carried out for further active branching of the palm. If you want to get a more lush yucca, then it is advisable to wait until its trunk becomes thicker than 5 cm. Then the likelihood of more young shoots appearing at the top of the trunk increases. In addition, the central stump must be strong enough to be able to hold a few overgrown crowns.

How to prune house yucca

Pruning yucca is a simple procedure. It is carried out according to the following algorithm:

  • select the cut point using only a strong and wide trunk;
  • holding the plant by the leaves, run a knife or secateurs along the shoot - it is important that the shoot is completely separated the first time;
  • treat the cut with paraffin, activated charcoal or any commercial product;

The basic rule for prune yucca is to avoid breaking off the stem. It should separate immediately, at the first movement of the knife or scissors - only in this way the harm to the palm tree will be minimal.

If part of the trunk is cut off with scissors that are not too sharp, and then it breaks, the plant will take a long time to recover and may even die. It is also important not to forget that pruning is carried out to form new branches, so the trunk should easily withstand 2-3 new full-fledged shoots with rosettes of leaves. Whether it is possible to trim the leaves of a yucca depends on the purpose of the procedure. Only shoots are suitable for cuttings and crown formation, and it is better to leave the green part on the tops.

How to prune garden yucca

The main pruning of garden forms of the plant is carried out in the same way as with indoor plants. The difference is only in size. Since plant growth is not limited by the size of the room, it can be adjusted to your liking. In addition, yuccas in the open field require constant sanitary and therapeutic pruning. They are carried out in the fall before shelter for the winter and in the spring after leaving the dormant state.

  1. The autumn procedure is carried out 3-4 weeks before the upcoming frosts. At this time, all old and weakened shoots are cut off, flower stalks are removed.
  2. The remaining leaves are treated with fungicides and tied into a bundle. The trunk circle is mulched with a dense layer of peat, the plant is covered with spruce branches.
  3. In the spring, after removing the shelter for the winter, the yucca is carefully inspected. At the same time, frostbitten, rotten and yellowed leaves are cut off.
  4. After 7 days, the plant can be treated with fungicides.

Pruning may also be needed in case of mass infestation by pests or fungal diseases. In these cases, all affected areas are radically cut off, followed by disposal of plant waste. The plant is treated with chemicals, which are selected depending on the lesion.

What to do after pruning

After pruning is complete, the plant is allowed to rest by leaving at normal room temperature, but moving to a darker place. During this period, direct sunlight can greatly harm the palm tree and even destroy it. It is advisable to postpone the first watering for 5-7 days. It is better to use water that is warm enough, not lower than 20-25 ° C.

Under these conditions, young shoots appear on cut yucca after 4-6 weeks. New buds hatch just below the cut. If the trunk diameter is more than 5 cm, it is recommended to leave 2 or 3 shoots from opposite sides of the hemp for germination, and remove the rest with a sharp disinfected tool.

Tip! In more powerful plants, up to 4-5 new bunches of leaves can be left, from which a lush spreading crown is later formed.

After pruning, yucca is given the following simple care, thanks to which it will recover easier and faster:

  1. Regular, infrequent watering is carried out - once a month.
  2. Stay in a well-lit area.
  3. Starting from June until autumn, when the young shoots of the palm tree are in active growth, complex fertilizers are applied (once a month is enough).

Yucca is unpretentious and tolerates pruning without problems. A properly formed palm tree will look great in the interior, especially in a large space of a private house, in the office lobby or in the living room. Elongated leaves of rich green color will fill the room with fresh tropical exoticism.

SEALING GRAFT WAX

WHAT IS GRAFT WAX?

Grafting wax is used to heal cuttings during grafting and pruning. It is also used in the private sector and for agricultural horticulture. A high quality grafting wax created using a fungicidal resin and a wax combination. It can be applied with a spatula or knife.

Several products are concentrated with fungicides, they prevent possible fungal infection. Grafting wax is also available in solid form. In this case, you need to heat it up.

IS IT POSSIBLE TO MAKE WAX BY YOURSELF?

Grafting wax can also be made at home. Possible recipe:

  • 1 kg. resins;
  • 150 g alcohol;
  • 75 g beeswax;
  • 1 tablespoon linseed oil.

Whether you buy or make at home, you must be careful with grafting wax. It is poisonous and should not be eaten. You must be especially careful if there are children around. Since the yucca palm is usually trimmed at the top, this provides some security, but you need to make sure the wax doesn't drip or run down.

ARE THERE ALTERNATIVES TO GRAFT WAX?

If you do not want to use grafting wax, regular candle wax can be used. It is not as toxic, which is a plus for households with children.

Just light the candle so the wax can slowly melt. Hold the candle skewed so that the wax falls onto the cut surface. After a short time, the wax will cool down and the cut surface will be sealed. Since the wax must be liquid beforehand, it will take time to cover the entire cut surface. And also wax from a candle will cost you less than grafting.

HOW LONG DOES THE WAX STAY ON THE CUT SURFACE

It is in your best interest to keep the wax on the plant for as long as possible. Sometimes you will need to reuse it - if it bursts. If moisture gets on the cut surface, the stem may begin to swell as it absorbs water. Yucca is a little different from other trees in this regard, the stem can rot very easily if water gets in and the plant will deteriorate. So be sure to watch the cuts of your yucca.

How to prune yucca - at home step by step, to get side shoots, in spring

Author VashCvetok Read 11 min Views 4.9k. Posted by

Yucca is a beautiful, strong, evergreen indoor or garden plant. The culture is easy to care for, it remains decorative, even when the bush is forgotten to be watered. But over time, the lower leaves die off, and they are not in a hurry to fall off on their own, the trunk stretches and does not branch, the plant ages. The owners understand that yucca trimming is needed, but they do not always know how to carry out the operation. They often choose inappropriate dates or make other mistakes that are easy to avoid if you follow simple rules.

Content

  1. Why Yukke needs pruning
  2. Dates and Cabbage Frequency
  3. General Rules for Cutting YUKKI
  4. common errors and disputed moments
  5. How to cut the indoor plant
  6. How to cut the garden SKKU
  7. pruning

Why yucca needs pruning

A young or freshly bought yucca looks beautiful, but with time the tufts stretch out. If left untouched, they can bend in all directions, especially in low light.

And also indoor yucca:

  • can grow up to 2-2.5 m and turn over a small pot, broken branches will have to be cut to put the plant in order;
  • needs crown shaping;
  • old copies are rejuvenated in order to return the decorative effect.

If the yucca is flooded, the root and the base of the stem begin to rot, there is nothing left but to cut off healthy shoots, transplant them into a new pot.

Outdoor plant also needs surgery:

  • to remove the old bottom leaves of yucca that are lying on the ground, covered with spots or withered - this is a breeding ground for diseases, a refuge for pests;
  • the peduncle is cut off immediately after the corollas wither, otherwise the bush will lose too much strength, next season, with a high probability, it will not release a panicle;
  • for the purpose of rejuvenation;
  • to save plants with rotten or frozen tops.

Timing and frequency of pruning

It is necessary to rejuvenate and form room yucca at the beginning of active growth - from the end of February to March. April is not the most suitable, but acceptable time, and if you cut the trunk in May, problems are possible - the wound heals worse, even if it is filled with wax or paraffin.

At the end of spring:

  • the top or side rosettes have already given the main growth;
  • dormant buds hatch reluctantly;
  • "stick" stands bare for a long time;
  • instead of branching, the central stem may produce a single tuft replacing the removed tip.

When it comes to rescuing a plant with a dying root and/or softened stem, yucca pruning at home is done regardless of the season.

The best time for sanitary measures (removal of old, diseased leaves) on a garden plant:

  • in cool regions - when the bush opens;
  • in the south - when the snow melts.

The panicle is pruned immediately after flowering. On Glorious and Siza yuccas, the elongated shoot is cut off simultaneously with the cleaning of old leaves.

There is no periodicity in pruning indoor or garden yucca. The operation is carried out as needed. A rooted cutting or a bush planted in open ground should not be touched for about 2 years.

General rules for trimming yucca

In order for the operation to be painless, in addition to meeting deadlines, it is recommended:

  1. Trimming yucca at home should only be done with a sharp sterile instrument. It is necessary to shorten the trunk at a time. Too thick, which the pruner will definitely not take, should be sawn off with a hacksaw with small teeth.
  2. Properly cut off the shoot strictly perpendicular to the direction of growth. If something went wrong and the cut came out oblique, it should be updated - corrected with a blade, scalpel or sharp knife.
  3. The yucca is cut off, the wound surface is allowed to dry a little in the open air, then covered with garden pitch or sealed with wax. This prevents the stem from rotting from an accidental infection that has fallen on the scar of moisture, or from drying out.
  4. Do not leave a column less than 15-20 cm.
  5. The stem thickens only simultaneously with the growth of the apex. If it is cut off, the central shoot will remain unchanged, even when it is overgrown with many side branches.
  6. After truncation, the height of the barrel will not increase either.

Common mistakes and points of contention

Separately, it is necessary to say about the subtleties of the operation. It is better to do this in detail so that flower growers learn from someone else's, and not their own experience.

How thick can the trunk be cut

On the Internet there are recommendations not to touch the yucca until the diameter of the central shoot reaches 5 cm (the length of a matchbox). Indeed, it will not increase after truncation.

But this is not always feasible. A yucca grown from a side or top rosette until it becomes so thick:

  • rests on the ceiling;
  • will distort the crown;
  • will continue to stretch in the horizontal direction.

Sold in garden centers, thick-bodied specimens with 2-3 tufts at the top are obtained by sawing mature plants and rooting the resulting pieces. They won't get taller or thicker. At home, such a, only lower, “palm tree” can be obtained by dividing into parts an already existing large-diameter trunk.

How to prune the branching yucca

It is often advised to remove the elongated lateral shoots in turn, no more than 1 per year. It seems to be a good recommendation - the trunk does not stand bare, the branches are of different heights, which looks attractive.

In practice, instead of forming a beautiful tree, the owners are often left with a single side shoot - the one that is cut last. If they do not use kerbovka and cytokinin paste.

Yucca simply does not need to give new shoots - she puts all her strength into the growth of those rosettes that are going to be cut next season. But if you cut everything off at once, the flower, although it is ugly for some time, continues to “supply” moisture, plastic substances into short shoots without leaves, which stimulates the awakening of dormant buds.

What to do if a lot of sprouts have hatched

After truncation of the top of the stem, sometimes not 2-3, as the owners want, but 5-7 primordia of tufts appear on the stem. Flower growers think that the yucca will not pull so many new branches, it will turn over, break, wither, leave them well located, and pluck the rest.

But the result can be (not necessarily) the same as in the previous paragraph - the sprouts dry up, except for one. Experienced flower growers leave all awakened buds for branching. And they pluck out the “extra” ones only after the green “thorn” opens, releases the first leaves.

Sometimes daughter rosettes are grown to separate and plant in a small pot.

How to prune a houseplant

In order for the yucca to be beautiful, healthy, not overturn the pot, the size depended on the desire of the owners, and not the height of the ceiling, you need to prune the plant correctly. Even beginners can do this.

Sanitary and rejuvenating pruning

Needs sharp tools, garden pitch, paraffin or wax to seal the wound. And also durable, but comfortable gloves - the Elephant and Aloifolia species grown in pot culture, although they differ in not too sharp leaves, are capable of injuring hands.

You can rejuvenate yucca in the following way, step by step:

  1. Cut the trunk at a height of 20-50 cm perpendicular to the soil surface. If you leave more, the bush that has started lateral shoots will be unstable. Smaller plants are usually not made for aesthetic reasons.
  2. Leave the stump to dry in the open air for about 2 hours.
  3. Coat the cut with garden pitch or seal with wax. If the owners have an idea to treat the wound surface with cytokinin “for reliability”, you need to abandon it - this will damage the plant.
  4. Remove a flower from the bright sun. If the yucca was in partial shade, you can return it to its original place.

Sanitary pruning is as follows:

  1. If the yucca is accidentally broken or dropped, the plant is treated as if rejuvenated.
  2. Removal of old leaves. Usually they are not allowed to dry out on the plant, but removed as soon as they begin to turn yellow. If the owners are sure that they will carry out the operation carefully, without injuring the stem, the plates are cut off, no - they are cut off “under the pineapple”, they are cleaned after complete drying.

Formation of a beautiful crown

The technique of the operation is the same as for rejuvenation. On the example of a young plant:

  1. When the yucca begins to fall off the plates, the trunk is exposed to the desired height, or the leafy one becomes too long, the yucca is cut off.
  2. Treat shoot as above, remove from sun.
  3. If a lot of dormant buds have hatched, the “extra” ones are plucked out after the first leaves bloom, in the stage of small tufts. Then it is more likely that they will not dry out spontaneously. On weak thin yuccas, you need to leave 2 sockets, strong ones can “feed” up to 5.
  4. When the tufts grow up, stretch out, begin to bare at the base, they are cut in the same way as the stem. Not alternately, but all at once, you can - to different heights.

You should not get carried away with branching yucca - the plant becomes unstable. But, if the owners nevertheless decided to do this, additional support is needed, a weighting agent is placed in the pot so that it does not roll over.

Relatively thin central shoot is difficult not only to withstand a bulky crown, but also to provide water, plastic substances. The owners should pay more attention to the flower, not skip feeding, periodically moisten the leaves, and not bring the substrate to global drying.

Useful information:

  1. If the yucca is cut high, or only the green leafy top is removed, dormant buds will wake up in the nodes located directly below the cut. With a low trunk truncation, a new rosette may appear in any area.
  2. To obtain lateral shoots in a specific place, you need to find a dormant bud, kerbovka over it - remove a thin strip of bark. And then lubricate with cytokinin paste.
  3. When forming yucca, it should be taken into account that Yucca elephantipes more often awakens dormant buds at the top of the shoot. Y. Aloifolia tends to produce daughter rosettes both at the top and at the base of the stem.

How to prune the garden yucca

Usually grown in Russia:

  • sometimes giving a short barrel Shizuyu;
  • if the bush is not pruned, it turns into a standard tree Glorious.
  • Sanitary measures

    In the spring, before the owners release the upper leaves collected and tied into a bundle, the lower ones, dried up or covered with spots, are cut off “under the pineapple”. You need to work with gloves so as not to get hurt on the plates with sharp teeth. In the south, where the yucca is not bound, the operation will be more difficult.

    It is not recommended to cut the leaves in autumn - they serve as an additional protection against frost.

    The peduncle that has lost its decorative effect is removed immediately. It is difficult to do this with a regular or stepped pruner, it is recommended to use a narrow garden saw.

    If the tassel is allowed to dry out and then pruned, the next season the yucca may "skip" flowering. Especially if in the open field the owners neglect top dressing.

    Rejuvenation

    Over time, the central stem of the old yuccas Sizaya and Glorious begins to tilt to one side, the bush collapses. To return a neat look, you need:

    • cut off the top completely and use for propagation;
    • Treat the cut with garden pitch.

    Several side rosettes will grow from the base of the yucca.

    Dangling and Filamentous species with good care live about 15-20 years. Then the root dies, the plant must be dug up and discarded. If there are good pieces with live buds, cut the cuttings.

    But, although the rosette yucca does not have a stem in the usual sense of the word, due to the loss of the lower leaves, they still stretch out and fall sideways. In the exposed part, you need to make a cut, cover the wound with garden pitch.


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