How to root a palm tree


How to Care for Yours and Identify Problems

With a green, lush canopy and a trunk that reaches up to the sky, palm trees are a common sight in many parts of the world. But what is going on underground? Unlike other plants, palm roots usually stay close to the surface. These roots can be difficult to identify because they lack leaves and don’t have a deep root system. In this guide, you will learn how to care for your palm tree roots and identify any problems they might have.

Table of Contents

  • How Do Palm Tree Roots Grow?
    • Roots Exposed Above Ground
    • Roots Grow Horizontally
    • The Root Ball
  • What Do Palm Tree Roots Look Like?
    • Do Palm Trees Have Long or Short Spread-Out Roots?
  • Functions of Palm Tree Roots
  • How Deep Do Palm Tree Roots Grow?
  • How Much Space Does A Palm Tree Need?
  • Are the Roots of Palm Trees Invasive?
  • Potential Problems of Palm Tree Roots
  • Can Palm Trees Damage Concrete?
  • Can Palm Tree Roots Damage Your Pool?
  • Can Palm Tree Roots Damage Underground Pipes?
  • How Close Can a Palm Tree Be to a House?
  • Is It Easy to Dig Up a Palm Tree?
  • How to Remove Palm Tree Roots
  • How Much Does It Cost to Cut Down a Palm Tree?

How Do Palm Tree Roots Grow?

When outdoors, palm trees can grow quickly, adding three to ten inches every year if the growing conditions are good.

However, palm tree roots may not grow so deep as you would expect a tree that can reach more than 100 feet in height.

Palm tree roots grow in the topsoil (top 36 inches of the soil), where it’s easy to access water and nutrients. Palm tree develops a root ball from which narrow strands of roots grow at the base. Then spread horizontally to access the most nutrients available. 

Fact: Some palm tree roots may be exposed and visible above the ground.

Here are a few amazing facts on how palm tree roots grow:

Roots Exposed Above Ground

The part at the base of the palm tree trunk has actively growing cells. That’s why this area can grow roots that are exposed above the ground or also known as aerial roots.

These particular roots are known as adventitious roots and can look to be dry. Exposed roots are not active. But the tree will continue to supply nutrients through roots that remain underground.

Roots above ground are normal in palm trees, particularly if they develop on their own. These roots emerge from the root initiation area. But because they are exposed to a dry condition, they desiccate and stop developing.

Expert Tip: If you want to transplant your palm tree, be sure to dig a hole deep enough so that the root zone is at least two to three inches under the soil surface.

Roots Grow Horizontally

Rather than growing straight down, the roots of a palm tree prefer to grow horizontally and spread out within the topsoil area limited to 12 to 36 inches deep.

The roots can spread far away from the trunk of the tree. This is an adaptation to access and absorb as many nutrients and water as possible.

Most types of palm trees thrive in well-draining and moist but loose soil. Often sandy soil where water retention is quite low. The palm roots spread horizontally from the root ball and trunk to increase the surface area for nutrient and water absorption. This aids the palm tree to grow faster and grow even on hotter days.

If you’re planning to plant large palm tree cultivars, you would want to space them adequately. Around 11 to 12 feet apart and away from underground drainage pipes.

The right spacing also enables the palm trees to spread their roots effectively. Proper spacing also minimizes competition for water and nutrients. It is also good for sturdy anchoring for support against strong winds.

The Root Ball

Palm tree roots don’t grow as large as the tree itself. The roots keep the same circumference even as they grow long. As the palm tree roots spread horizontally away from the trunk, they form a root ball. This helps hold the tree firmly in the soil.

One good example is a short palm tree, which is around 16 feet. It can have a root ball with a diameter of about 24 inches.

Palm trees form a rootball even when they are not yet matured. This helps them anchor firmly in the ground. 

Expert Tip: Use the size of the rootball as a reference for the size of the hole to dig up when transplanting your tree. Dig up a hole double the size of the root ball. This will guarantee that there will be enough space to plant the tree in. Additionally, it will make enough loose soil around it to let new roots develop easily.

As for indoor trees like the areca palms, the rootball can become so compacted and tight. This can result in leaves turning brown. It’s also an indication of poor growth rate and overall health.

What Do Palm Tree Roots Look Like?

Palm trees have fibrous roots. The roots grow shallowly at a depth not exceeding 36 inches deep. They develop horizontally and remain thin even as the tree grows more mature. The roots form a root ball from the origination zone, with some still exposed above the ground.

These trees have a fibrous root system, where numerous thin roots extend and spread out in the soil rather than growing deeper underground. These roots remain narrow even as the tree grows older.

Some roots begin to die off, and more roots develop to aid the tree in absorbing nutrients and anchor itself firmly in the soil.

The length of the roots doesn’t grow to match the height of the palm tree. You can see some palm trees that are more than 50 feet tall with roots far shorter than that. 

But the thing is, the fibrous root system has adapted in such a way that the roots branch out a lot to maximize water and nutrient absorption.

Do Palm Trees Have Long or Short Spread-Out Roots?

Palm tree roots are quite different from many other trees that grow big.

Palm trees don’t develop a taproot. Instead, the roots emerge from the root initiation zone. Then they spread horizontally around the palm tree within the top 36 inches of the upper layer of ground.

Functions of Palm Tree Roots

Without roots, palm trees are as good as dead. So, if you’re planning of growing palm trees in your yard, you must understand why palm trees have this root system:

  1. With their fibrous strands, palm tree roots bind the soil where they are planted.  
  2. The roots make the soil resistant to erosion and more stable.
  3. They conduct the absorbed nutrients and moisture from the base of the trunk and up to foliage or fronds to maintain good health.
  4. Palm tree roots maintain the tree hydrated by absorbing moisture from the ground.
  5. They absorb dissolved minerals from the ground, such as magnesium, iron, and manganese. Palm trees require these essential elements so that their fronds are always green and vigorous.
  6. Palm tree roots anchor and stabilize the palm tree’s long trunk, so it remains standing.

And lastly, these roots can help individuals suffering from fibrosis because they have medicinal properties. Palm tree roots are also utilized to treat gall bladder and kidney problems. 

They can also help treat UTI or urinary tract infections. Moreover, the roots can also help in melting clotted blood and treat heartburn.

With that said, if you want to use the roots for their medicinal values, here’s how to do it:

  • Boil three to five roots in water.
  • Drink the tea after it has cooled down.

How Deep Do Palm Tree Roots Grow?

The roots of a palm tree can grow as deep as 36 inches within the topsoil part, with a horizontal growth pattern. Palm tree roots remain thin and maintain a shallow depth even as they expand.

As for a queen palm tree, its roots spread wider at a depth no deeper than 24 inches. So, if you happen to be growing a queen palm tree in your backyard, water it at a wider diameter. This ensures that all the horizontal roots have access to nutrients and water.

How Much Space Does A Palm Tree Need?

Palm trees require anywhere from 100 to 900 square feet of space in order to grow well. There are types of palm trees that grow to many different heights.

When choosing a palm tree variety, take into consideration the area you want to plant it. Obviously, smaller varieties will do fine in a smaller space. However, palm trees that grow up to 50 feet require a wide-open space for their roots to spread out.

Choose a smaller variety if space is a concern for you. Shorter palm trees with smaller canopies will require less lateral space for the roots to stretch out.

If the overall height is also a concern for you, you can choose varieties that grow more like shrubs.

You must maintain your palm trees with regular pruning. This way, the branches will get a lot of sunlight to grow well.

Are the Roots of Palm Trees Invasive?

Even though most palm trees’ roots spread out far from their initiation zone, they are still classified as non-invasive.

You don’t need to worry about palm tree roots causing the type of damage that other tree species are well-known for.

But take note that if you plant a palm tree in a small yard, the other plants in the area might be negatively affected.

Palm trees will absorb most of the garden’s moisture and nutrients, leaving the other plants only a small portion. One easy fix to avoid this kind of situation is to pick a smaller variety of palm tree.

The root system of smaller palm trees won’t be as large as the larger varieties. It will be easy to control and manage the growth of the palm tree’s root system.

Potential Problems of Palm Tree Roots

Certain trees have invasive roots that harm their surroundings as they grow. But what about palm trees? What are the potential problems of the roots of palm trees?

Normally, palm tree roots don’t really pose significant problems. They are not destructive, unlike other trees that have thicker and more extensive roots.

Palm tree roots are too narrow and thin to cause any serious damage to properties and other things surrounding them. 

Furthermore, compared to other types of trees, palm trees don’t have large taproots at their base. 

Rather than the roots, the main problem that palm trees can cause is the possibility that it falls over.

In general, palm trees don’t fall over easily because they are sturdy. Palm trees grow in regions like Florida and still survive from hurricane-force winds regularly without any problems.

However, certain situations can weaken the roots and put your palm tree at risk of toppling over.

Here are some examples of instances where a palm tree loses strength and is at risk of falling over:

  • Freezing or low temperatures can harm or kill certain types of palm trees.
  • A borer beetle can carve tunnels inside the trunk and eat the palm’s core.
  • Palm trees infected with crown drop where the trunk rots on the inside.
  • Palm trees that are rooted in the shallow ground that get washed away in a storm.
  • A large or tall newly planted palm tree without structural support.

But overall, if your palm trees have a strong root system, are free of disease, and are healthy, they will stand tall for many years to come.

Can Palm Trees Damage Concrete?

Palm trees will unlikely damage cement and concrete surfaces. This is due to the fact that the roots maintain the same diameter even as they expand. 

The thin roots of palm trees won’t likely cause lines and cracks in driveway cement, and even in walls.

Fact: Certain types of roots like oak can cause serious damage since their roots grow thicker as the tree matures.

Again, if you’re growing palm trees in your garden, make sure to give them space properly because they can draw moisture and nutrients over a large diameter. This could cause poor ground cover growth.

Can Palm Tree Roots Damage Your Pool?

No. Palm tree roots can’t really damage your pool. As mentioned above, palm trees have thin and narrow root systems. The roots won’t really be able to penetrate in-ground pools that are made of fiberglass or gunite.

Can Palm Tree Roots Damage Underground Pipes?

Compared to trees that have taproot systems, the roots of palm trees don’t cause any damage to underground pipes.

The reason is that the roots get thinner as they stretch out farther away from the palm tree and remain on the topsoil level. 

In cases where the palm trees are big, their roots may expand deeper into the ground. The roots may reach the underground pipes and entangle them. However, this won’t cause any real damage at all.

For palm trees that are planted close to drainage pipes, the root ball can disrupt the drainage if it grows too big and pushes against the drainage pipes.

That’s why if you want to remove a palm tree, you should consider cutting the tree from the trunk instead of uprooting it. This will prevent damaging the underground pipes.

If you want to plant trees, consider leaving 11 feet to 12 feet space between the underground pipes and your palm plants to make sure that the pipes won’t get damaged.

How Close Can a Palm Tree Be to a House?

It’s best to avoid planting trees, even a palm tree near your house.

If you really want to plant one, make sure to plant it at a safe distance away from your house. For reference, the palm tree’s canopy shouldn’t come into contact with your roofline.

Even though the roots of palm trees may not damage any concrete surfaces or underground pipes, they can easily overcrowd a structure.

In general, palm trees require between 100 feet to 900 feet of space to grow. The height of palm trees varies by their growth environment and species. And you must consider the area required before planting one.

But again, if you don’t have enough space but really want to plant a palm tree, you can grow shorter palm tree varieties with smaller canopies instead. They don’t take a lot of lateral space.

Is It Easy to Dig Up a Palm Tree?

There are various reasons that you may find yourself with the need to uproot your palm tree. Perhaps you want to sell it because it’s actually a large Canary Island Palm, which is quite valuable.

Or maybe you are redoing your landscape and must relocate your palm. Or perhaps you just want to get rid of a palm tree that is obstructing the way.

Regardless of the reason, digging up a palm tree is not really as hard as you think. 

But that is if your palm is 10 feet tall or less.

How to Remove Palm Tree Roots

If you want to remove a palm tree, it is required to use a planned approach. And this includes removing the palm tree roots. With that said, here’s how to remove palm tree roots:

Important: Check with the water, gas, and electric companies before you start digging to ensure that there are no utility lines around the area.

  • Cut the palm tree using a trimming saw. Make sure to leave at least two feet of the tree trunk.
  • Now, dig 18 inches to 24 inches around the base of the tree trunk using tools such as Pulaski or mattock.
  • Remove 20 inches to 25 inches of soil as you work the roots with the shovel.
  • Just continue working the shovel around the root ball of the tree, prying it upward with your tool.
  • As you progress and cut off most of the roots, pry out the root ball by using the remaining part of the tree trunk as leverage.
  • Now, take out the root ball from the ground, trim off any big exposed roots, and fill the hole back with soil.

On a side note, if you want to kill the palm roots using herbicides, we highly recommend applying glyphosate Roundup herbicides. It’s a surefire way to kill the tree and the palm roots.

Fact: Getting rid of the roots will guarantee that there’s no future growth.

How Much Does It Cost to Cut Down a Palm Tree?

Even though it is possible to cut down a palm tree yourself, it’s easier and safer to hire a professional company to do the job for you. The amount that you will pay will be based on a few important factors, which include palm tree height, condition of the palm tree, emergency work, and travel pay.

Palm Tree Removal Costs Depending On the Height

While it’s true that cutting down a palm tree depends on different factors, the most significant factor of cost is usually the height. This factor has a significant impact on how much it will cost you.

HEIGHTESTIMATED COST
Up to 30 feet tall$150 to $450
30 feet to 60 feet tall$200 to $950
60 feet to 80 feet tall$400 to $1,100
80 feet to 100 feet tall$1,100 to $1,500 or more

These costs normally include cutting the palm tree down to a small stump. But aside from that, you may need to pay extra for cutting the trunk up into smaller sections.

Last update on 2022-10-22 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Root System of Palm Trees – StudiousGuy

Palm trees are the ornament of tropical areas. The large, compound, evergreen fronds on the top of an unbranched trunk is a familiar view in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. They are commonly found in Africa, Asia, Central America, South America, and the Pacific islands. In the United States, they can be found in Hawaii, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and the southern-most parts of Florida.

Palm trees are monocots and belong to the Arecaceae plant family. There are 181 Genera and 2,600 Species of the palm worldwide. The leaves of the palm trees are present in two forms, Pinnate or Palmate. The cold-hardy Palms have Palmate leaves while tropical Palms have Pinnate leaves.

In this lesson, we are going to learn about the root system of Palm Trees and their functions.

Index of Article (Click to Jump)

Roots of Palm Tree

Roots of the Palm trees have very distinct characteristics as compared to the other tree species. Palm trees have ‘fibrous root system.’ The roots of the Palm are not deeply rooted in the soil. They are spread over the soil like a mat and penetrate nearly 36 inches of topsoil. We can even see these roots if the tree is planted in shallow soil. Palm tree roots have a preference for sandy soil which makes them easy to uproot. This is the reason we see most of the Palm trees being blown over in strong winds.

Unlike the taproot system found in most of the tree species (having one main root from which the thin lateral roots arise), the roots of the Palm trees arise from the base of the tree and are morphologically similar. These roots do not widen as the tree lengthens, instead, they grow with the same girth regardless of the age or length of the Palm tree.

Roots of the Palm tree grow horizontally at a greater distance from the trunk but they remain within the top 12 to 36 inches of the topsoil. For example, the roots of Palm tree species like Royal, Bismarck, Bailey, and Canary Island date palms, grow up to 50 feet away from the trunk. These roots remain thin as they increase in length.

Can Roots of the Palm Tree damage underground pipes?

It this often seen that the large and thick roots of many trees lift the concrete and damage the underground pipes. But the roots of the Palm trees do not cause any such damage to the concrete or the underground pipes. The reason is that since the roots remain in the topsoil around the Palm trees, they do not penetrate deep into the soil to reach the pipes. Also, because these roots are thin, they do not tend to cause any damage to the concrete. However, in some cases, the roots reach the underground pipes and get entangles them. This only occurs in the case of large Palm trees. In that case, while transplanting the tree, it is very important to cut the tree from the trunk instead of uprooting it, which may cause damage to the underground pipe system.

Maintainance of Palm Tree Roots

Although Palm trees are mostly found in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, we can easily grow one in our backyard if we have adequate knowledge about the type of the Palm Tree and the length of its roots. However, it is very important to give special attention to the tree.

The roots of the Plam trees need moisture and nutrients to feed their long, thick trunks and their large fronds as well. So, after you plant a Palm tree, make sure that you keep it well watered to satisfy its water requirements. To ensure that the water requirements of the roots are fulfilled, you can wrap a soaker hose around the root area to keep the soil around the roots moist.

It becomes your responsibility to make sure that the plant also meets its nutrient needs, that is, magnesium, iron, and manganese. These nutrients protect the fronds and keep them from yellowing. Watering the plant before the roots are fully grown is also an important measure to make the Palm tree survive within its first few months. Only after the roots are matured, you can minimize the watering process to 15 minutes twice a month.

There are 2600 species of Palm Trees present across the globe. Some of the major ones include;

  • Coconut Palm Tree (Cocos nucifera)
  • Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)
  • Areca Palm (Dypsis lutescens)
  • Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana)
  • African Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis)
  • California Palm (Washingtonia filifera)
  • Mexican Fan Palm (Washingtonia robusta)

Let us take a look at the Root system of the Coconut Palm Trees.

The Root System of Coconut Palm Tree

Coconut Plam trees are grown for various commercial purposes. Coconut is used as a fruit and oil while the Palm fronds are used for decoration.

The roots of the Coconut tree thrive on sandy soil and moisture like other Palm tree species. These roots grow shallow on the soil surface and only a few are rooted deep for nutritional and water purposes. The roots of a Palm are of fibrous type like other Palm tree roots which are a characteristic of some grass species.

The number of roots per Coconut Palm tree depends upon its age as these roots keep growing to form the base of a stem throughout its life. An average of 3,600 roots can be produced by a Coconut tree which is 60 to 70 years old.

Functions of Palm Tree Roots

Since Palm Trees have long trunks and large fronds, their roots have a major role in keeping these structures moist and provide them with a certain amount of nutrition. Let us discuss some of the important functions of the Roots of a Palm Tree.

  • Roots of the Palm Trees absorb moisture from the surrounding soil and keep the Palm hydrated.
  • They also absorb dissolved minerals in the form of magnesium, iron and manganese which are necessary to prevent the fronds from yellowing.
  • They conduct the absorbed water and nutrients up to the length of the trunk and to the fronds to keep them green and fresh.
  • These roots are responsible for stabilizing and anchoring the long trunk of Plam Trees.
  • These fibrous roots are responsible for binding the sandy soil around them by gripping the soil particles with the roots.
  • The roots of Palm Trees can also be used to treat urinary infections, gall bladder and various kidney problems. Boil 4-5 roots in water and, then, drink the water once it cools down. People suffering from Fibrosis need to boil 3-5 finger long pieces of roots and drink it for a few days. It helps to melt the clotted blood. Palm Tree roots are also used to treat heartburns.

How to propagate a palm tree at home? What are the methods of reproduction? Selo.Guru - Internet portal about agriculture

Propagation by seeds

How does a potted palm tree propagate by seeds? All types of palm trees without exception propagate by seeds, but hovea, washingtonia, li-kuala, trachycarpus and liviston - only by seeds.

The longer they are stored, the less likely they are to germinate, be sure to read the label and do not buy seeds that have passed the expiration date.

Seed preparation

Be sure to remove the outer shells of the seeds, if present, and place in warm water for a few days to swell .

The place for the container with seeds should be warm, up to 30 degrees, the water can be changed. If the seed peel is very strong, it should be filed with a rasp, but very carefully, without damaging the seed itself.

Sowing

For sowing, and boxes, and plastic jars, and disposable cups are suitable, but if the seeds are large, you need to choose a larger container, if it is a coconut - do not forget to put it on the side seam, this will speed up germination.

Fill the prepared containers with garden soil and sand in a ratio of 2:1, the top layer should be sandy, and sow the seeds to a depth of 2 or 3 centimeters.

Sandy soil is washed out when watering, to avoid this, use the sprayer . The containers need to be covered with polyethylene, with its help a greenhouse effect is created, which is so necessary for plants during germination.

The seed germination rate depends on the freshness of the seed and the type of palm, be patient and remember to control the crops.

When seedlings appear, place them in a brighter place, but avoid direct sunlight, at this stage of development it is very harmful. The grown seedlings from the box should be picked into individual temporary pots with the same substrate; after picking, be sure to cover the plants with plastic bags or glass jars, so they will take root faster, since there is practically no evaporation.

Gradually release young plants over time from film shelters , let them adapt to the climate of the room and grow up to transplant to a permanent place.

Vegetative propagation

Most palm species do not branch, forming only one stem, but there are exceptions, they are mainly grown in a room.

Such palms are called bush palms , of which hamedorea, Robelin date, caryota, chamerops, chrysalidocarpus are most common. They can be propagated by root suckers.

Offspring

On roots that are close to the soil surface, root offspring are formed, rooting, they form an independent plant. Wait for the shoot of the palm tree to take root, and with a sharp knife, separate the young plant from the mother bush, sprinkle the cut with ashes.

The offspring is already sufficiently developed and can be planted in a permanent place, but watered properly.

Cover it with a glass jar or a plastic bag, this will provide a greenhouse effect, which will speed up rooting in a new place.

Tips

The palm tree itself cannot reproduce in this way, but there are plants very similar to them, which reproduce vegetatively very easily. More often than others, dracaena and yucca are grown in our homes.

Use a sharp knife or small hacksaw to remove the top of , leaving a portion of the stem to dig into the substrate. Leaves do not need to be added, most likely they will rot and will need to be removed, since the survival rate of dracaena and yucca is 90%. You can plant a plant in a permanent place, the composition of the soil for all plants of this type is the same - 2 parts of humus, 1 part of garden soil, 1 part of sand.

Don't forget to cover the top pot with a plastic bag for a greenhouse effect. When the rooted plant releases young leaves at the top, the package can be removed.

The cut point does not need to be smeared and sprinkled, nature has provided for such nuances, the self-healing process begins immediately, and young shoots sprout abundantly from the buds below the cut.

Shoots

Shoots do not have their own roots, but they are easily formed when planted in the ground; Don't forget to create a greenhouse effect.

Cuttings

Topless stalk can be divided into cuttings of 15 or 20 centimeters and soaked in water until roots are formed, and then planted in a permanent place. You can immediately plant the cuttings in the substrate, water it properly and cover it with a plastic bag until it is completely rooted.

Choosing a pot

First of all, the pot should fit the plant in size, there is no need to buy pots for growth, as they grow, they are transplanted into a more spacious container, besides, your taste may change by this time.

Ideal for all types of indoor plants ceramic pot , palm is no exception, it is environmentally friendly, it regulates the water and air balance of the root system.

Live in plastic containers and pots , but it is necessary to loosen the soil more often and arrange drainage more reliably, all kinds of wooden containers are good for a palm tree, they emphasize the decorative effect of a palm tree well, but they themselves require care when in contact with water, it is easier to use them as flowerpots.

Soil

Palm grows well on rich light soils, and most often the following is prepared for it composition : 2 parts of humus, 1 part of garden soil, 1 part of sand of this type, be sure to place a drain of broken red brick at the bottom of the pot, and make sure there is a hole in the bottom of the pot, excess stagnant water will lead to rotting of the roots and the inevitable death of the plant.

Palm tree does not tolerate close proximity , you should not plant other plants on its territory, it will grow poorly, start to get sick and wither away, find a special place for it, it deserves it.

How to propagate, take a palm offshoot

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Content

  • Seeds
  • Vegetation method
  • Tops
  • Shoots
  • Cuttings
  • Pot selection

Having an exotic plant in your home is no longer a luxury. Following the advice of experts, you can grow a tree yourself. There are several ways to propagate a palm tree at home, depending on its variety.

There are several ways to propagate palm trees

Seeds

All types of palm trees have the ability to reproduce in this way, and for some it is the only one. Among them:

  • Washington;
  • livistonia;
  • li-kuala;
  • howea;
  • trachycarpus.

Seeds must have a valid expiration date.

Before planting, remove the seed coat, if any, and place for a while in a container of warm water to swell. If there are problems with peeling, use improvised means, but only with care so as not to damage the pulp. Place the seed bowl in a dark place with a temperature of at least 30°C. The water needs to be changed periodically.

When choosing dishes for sowing, you can stop at boxes, jars, disposable cups, it depends on the size of the seeds. The mixture for growth consists of earth and sand in a ratio of 2: 1, the earth layer should be located below. Palm seeds are planted at a depth of 3 cm.

You will need to take a spray gun to protect the soil from erosion. Cover the seedlings with plastic sheeting to create a greenhouse effect and speed up the growth of seedlings. Each type of tree will be different. Be patient and control the process.

With the appearance of the first shoot, move the container with palm seedlings to a sunny place, but not directly under the sun, now this can harm the young leaves. Spread seedlings in pots with the same filling and cover with a film for the rooting process. Over time, the shelter will need to be removed in order for the plant to adapt to the indoor climate. This is followed by the last transplant into permanent soil.

Watch this YouTube video

Vegetation method

Palms that form only one stem are called bush palms. This species propagates by root seedlings. These include:

  • chamedorea;
  • karyote;
  • chamerops;
  • chrysalidocarpus.

Shoots form on the lower roots of the plant, which gradually form a new plant. It must be carefully cut without damaging the structure. It is recommended to sprinkle the place of the cut with ash. After transplanting, do not forget to water the plant abundantly. To create greenhouse conditions, cover it with polyethylene or glass.

Tops

Close relatives of the palm tree, yucca and dracaena, can be found in flower growers' houses. They have a high survival rate and multiply by vegetation. To cut off the top, you will need scissors or another sharp object. There should be a piece of the stem for planting in the ground.

The soil substrate includes humus, earth and sand in a ratio of 2:1:1. Seedlings are covered with a plastic bag until the first seedlings appear. There is no need to sprinkle the cut, the damaged area will heal itself, and young growth will begin to grow from the kidneys.

Watch this YouTube video

Shoots

Shoots should be carefully separated from the main root and planted to root, if necessary, then to a permanent place. When planted in the ground, the roots form by themselves. A greenhouse effect is created to accelerate the growth of seedlings.

Cuttings

To propagate the seeds, take a topless palm stalk, divide it into cuttings of 15-20 cm and place them in water. When they take root, you can transplant to a place of permanent growth.

Another option is to plant directly into the substrate, previously watered and in a greenhouse.

Topless stem is taken for cuttings

Pot selection

The container must be of the correct size.


Learn more