How to save an old maple tree

How to Save a Dying Maple Tree? OMG!

In lawns, parks, streets, and artificial landscapes, it’s common to see Maple trees as part of the scenery.

They are known for producing maple syrup and hardwood furniture. Maple trees can be seen producing striking colors during autumn.

However, sometimes, just like every tree, maples can become ill or die out. It is essential to care for maple trees so that they have a long uninterrupted life.

The typical lifespan of some maple tree varieties, such as the red maple tree, is 100-150 years if cared for well.

So, how can you save your maple tree if it starts to show signs of dying?


How Can You Save a Dying Maple Tree?

To save a dying maple tree, identify the source of the problem. Then, adjust your watering habits or supplement with the relevant fertilizer. Investigate for any signs of pests or illnesses. Worse comes to worst, mulch or prune the tree to save it.


How to Save a Dying Maple Tree

Follow these guidelines to rescue your dying maple tree.


1. Identify the Problem

After ascertaining that the tree is dying, it is now time to do a pre-autopsy and identify the cause.

Your tree could be suffering from a lack of water or overwatering. Check if the leaves are drying up or drooping.

The plant could also start producing smaller leaves as a way to conserve water. Waterlogging can cause the death of roots.

It could also be suffering from excessive fertilizer or a lack of nutrients. This may be exhibited by slow growth, unexpected and abnormal leaf color change, or scorching of leaves.

A lot of mulch could be smothering the roots. Mulch is also a hub for some harmful pests, fungi, and animals.

Diseases could have attacked your tree as well.

Thus, consult an arborist as they have experience dealing with trees. They could easily and accurately diagnose problems with your tree.


2. Change Your Tree Watering Habits

Adjusting your tree watering schedules can save your tree. This is, of course, after identifying that the problem with your tree is underwatering or overwatering.

Younger trees are more volatile when it comes to watering practices, but even mature trees face the same volatility.

Overwatering may cause the death of roots or cause suffocation. Ensure there exists a good drainage system on the tree planting ground.

Sometimes, you may get too busy to notice the gradual drying up of your tree.

There are modern solutions such as automatic water pumps that take care of your maple tree water requirements in today’s world. 


3. Control Your Fertilizer Usage

Fertilizer is essential as it provides the much-needed nutrients to trees. Fertilizers enhance photosynthesis, thereby speeding the plant’s growth.

To know which fertilizer is needed, observe the leaf color and growth patterns of your maple tree.

You could also take soil samples to an agriculturist who will conduct experiments to determine which nutrients lack in your soil. Then you could replenish them using the relevant fertilizer.

However, the tree can only consume a specific amount of nutrients, so it’s unwise to overdo fertilizing it.

When these nutrients are in excess or inconsistent quantities, the natural physiological processes of the tree are affected. The fertilizer may also damage tree cells which can cause the death of your tree.

Avoid spreading your lawn (grass) fertilizer too close to your tree as it may also affect it.


4. Pruning

There are many advantages to pruning your maple tree. Pruning eliminates sick parts of the plant, which could prevent disease spread to other parts of your plant.

Pruning also encourages aeration to promote new growth and quick healing.

Furthermore, pruning rids the tree of its dead branches while keeping it aesthetically pleasing. Take care while cutting off branches to avoid damaging healthy parts of your tree.

The best time to prune your maple tree is by winter’s end or when spring starts, where they start blooming.

Maple tree Suckers could also compete for nutrients and water with the mother tree.

Prune the shoots as soon as they appear by scraping away the soil to expose the suckers’ bases and cut off the base of the shoot with care to avoid damaging the mother plant’s roots.


5. Mulching

Mulching is essential for controlling soil water content. If you have trouble frequently adding water to your maple tree, you could use mulching to conserve the water.

If there is a lot of mulch at the base of your tree, the tree may suffocate and start dying. That’s the time you reduce the amount of mulch you use.

Mulch can also harbor deadly fungi, pests, and diseases. Ensure you spray fungicides and pesticides to protect your tree.


6. Control Pests and Diseases

If your tree has exhibited signs of being ill, it would be best to consult a professional tree arboriculturist who will identify and solve the illness.


Characteristics of a dying maple tree

Trees have a way of communicating that they are on their deathbed.

Some also show when diseases or pests overrun their defense mechanisms, while others hide problems until it is too late to rescue them.

Maple trees are no exception.

A dying maple tree will have the following characteristics

  • Shedding a lot of leaves abnormally and excessively
  • Change in leaf color or mixed color spots on leaf veins
  • Change in bark color from gray and brown to a dull green color – an indicator of onset decay
  • Drooping of soft branches
  • Failing to produce seeds or flowers falling off before pollination
  • Drying of new shoots
  • Cracks on the trunk
  • Dry, brittle, and weak wood


Importance of Maple Trees

While weighing whether to remove or save a maple tree, it could be essential to consider the tree’s importance.

Maple trees are loved for the following reasons

  • Adapt well to all climatic conditions
  • Show beautiful fall colors and thus provide high aesthetic value
  • Some varieties can be used to make maple syrup
  • Provide great shade from hot weather
  • Perpetuate the local ecosystem functions such as soil and water conservation.
  • Grow well with other species

These benefits help you decide whether to uproot or nurse your dying maple tree to recover, just like how you brought your dying oak tree to life.


Frequently Asked Questions about How to Save a Dying Maple Tree


What are some common diseases affecting maple trees?

The most common diseases that can afflict your maple trees include verticillium Wilt, otherwise known as Maple Wilt. This can present with scorched leaves and diseased branches, which can ultimately kill your tree. Another disease to take note of is Anthracnose. This causes extensive defoliation, shoot death, and twig death. It is exhibited by brown leaf patches and purplish-brown leaf veins.


How do I speed up my maple tree plant recovery after pruning?

Make sure that your soil’s healthy and doesn’t contain too much moisture. Also, a balanced organic matter in the soil also helps speed the recovery.

How to Save a Dying Maple Tree (And How to Identify Maple Decline)

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It doesn’t matter what type of flower, shrub, or tree you plant in your yard, each one has its own characteristics and requirements for reaching their growth potential.

Trees are a little more of a challenge because they could be fine for a long period of time and then suddenly something is wrong.

Maple trees are stunning to look at when the leaves change color in the fall. They have the honor of being one of the top 10 most popular trees in our country.

There are 128 species of maple trees with some of them growing up to 100 feet tall. If you are faced with a maple tree that is dying, there are things you can do to bring it back to life.

The first thing you need to start with is finding out what is wrong with your tree. Here are some things you can do to narrow the problem down:

  • Look closely at the leaves. Make note if they are brittle or dry.
  • See if the trunk has any cracks on it.
  • Check to see if your maple tree has any sign of decay.

Your tree could be having problems because it is being overwatered or not getting enough water. Insects could have infested your tree or it could be something as simple as an extreme change in weather that your tree is not used to.

Another cause of distress for your tree could be coming from some of the plant life that is around it.

4 Reasons Why a Maple Tree Could Be Dying

Too Little Water – If your maple tree is not getting enough water it could start to show signs of dying. Make sure you water the area that is around three inches from the bottom of the maple tree.

Check the water level regularly.

Fertilizer – First gather a sample of soil from an area near the base of the tree to check its pH level. The best level should range from 5.5 to 7.3. If it is less than that it is dying from lack of nutrition.

Get the pH level back to the appropriate range.

Mulch – Too much mulch can be a bad thing when it comes to maple trees. Make sure that when you do mulch your tree you do not put any too close to the root ball. Also, don’t put any right on the trunk.

This prevents the water from getting through and just creates a new problem. The best way to apply mulch is from 12 inches to 18 inches away from the trunk no matter what size the tree is.

Pruning – It is important to prune your maple tree regularly but especially if you see any branches that look like they are diseased.

What Is Maple Decline?

There are a number of different types of maple trees and many of them are more susceptible than others to becoming the victim of maple decline.

A maple tree can suffer from decline for various reasons, some of them include:

  • Stress – yes, plants and trees, in particular, can become stressed out.
  • Maple trees that live in the city can be exposed to water and air pollution that can deplete their energy levels.
  • Salts in the road, insect infestations, and a growth spurt of new leaves can use up a maple tree’s energy which can cause it to decline.
  • A nutritional imbalance, a long drought period, and breaking of their roots can also cause a loss of energy which leads to maple decline.

4 Symptoms of Maple Decline

  1. Slow growth – maple twigs should show growth of around two inches each year.
  2. Premature fall colors – if the leaves on your tree show their fall colors by late summer, it is a sign of decline.
  3. Changes in the leaves – pale-colored leaves that are smaller in size and fewer in quantity than in the past are a symptom of maple decline.
  4. Large dying areas – an abundance of dead branches and twigs is a sign your tree may be suffering.

How to Save a Tree with Maple Decline

Even if your tree is in sad shape there are things you can do to save it:

  • Determining the cause of the decline is the first step you should take so you know what you need to do to correct the situation.
  • If the tree is sprayed regularly with salts from the road, try to divert the way the spraying occurs so it doesn’t reach the tree.
  • If the tree is dehydrated make sure you water it every week or so. The water should be able to reach 12 inches deep.
  • When you notice a decline in growth in your maple tree start using a fertilizer that has a slow-release. A fast release fertilizer may leave salt deposits which could keep the decline from healing.
  • In addition to adding fertilizer to the tree make sure you take all the dead branches, leaves, and twigs away so you leave room for new growth.

What to Do if Your Maple Tree Is Beyond Saving?

If you have noticed that your maple tree is dying and you have tried all of the suggestions above, it still may not be too late but it is definitely time to call in a professional.

An arborist will be able to check out your maple tree to see if it is beyond repair. If the roots of the tree are dead, nothing will save it.

If there are salvageable areas it is possible for a maple tree to regrow  branches of leaves. The professional will be able to do what has to be done to get this tree on the road to recovery.

If there is no hope you will need to have the tree removed so you will need a professional to guide you through this process as well. If the tree died from a disease you will want to make sure you do not put a new tree in the same spot.

Hopefully, you won’t have to face this situation but if you do it is best if you have the dying tree removed immediately.

Old maple knocks on glass

- Hello! Hello! Is this Nadezhda Vasilievna?
- Yes, this is Nadezhda Vasilievna.
― Sergey Volkov, Vecherniye Berezniki newspaper, Ural. Excuse me, do you remember Java?

Slight confusion on the other end of the wire lasted only a few seconds, and now jubilant rushes:
- Oh, Yaiva! How, how, of course, I remember! Is this forgotten?

Filming in Java

But really, is it really forgotten and can be forgotten? This is how thick-skinned one must be, how short, ungrateful memory one must have in order to completely and completely forget and then never remember! And for Nadezhda Vasilievna Rumyantseva, a brilliant film actress, this short word - "Yaiva" - is not just an abstraction, behind which there is nothing but a strange geographical name, excised from the depths of the Ural taiga. Behind this word is not an ordinary, on the contrary, the brightest page of her biography, a beautiful, to envy, biography in the cinema, with simple, at first glance, roles, but such that they made her crowd of lovers fall at the feet. And this love flowed, flowed, always visible, always tangible, in an endless, crystal clear stream. As for Yayva, there was the role of Tosi the pigali, also seemingly unpretentious, a pupil of an orphanage, who was to become a cook for lumberjacks. Remember? I'm sure you remember. It was her, Tosya, naive, who looked at the world with enthusiastic eyes, who undertook to fall in love with himself, a young foreman of lumberjacks, famous in the local taiga places, Ilya, but not for that, not for fun, but on a bet - for an excellent fur hat, the pride of its owner, lumberjack from another brigade. And he, too, remember, succeeded, although not on the first try.

It was in Yaiva, then a small forest village, that the shooting of the cheerful, lyrical comedy "Girls" took place, which immediately became famous, popular, gathering full houses in cinemas. So how could Rumyantseva really forget about this?

"Here are the hooligans! .."

We contacted her by phone several times - and very quickly switched to you, I didn’t call her Nadezhda Vasilyevna anymore, I just called Nadia. When we met in voices for the second time, she capriciously, like her heroine, began to wonder how I managed to get a phone, because, they say, this is impossible, no one will say. I had to poke. She gasped with youthful enthusiasm, it was felt in her voice: “Here are the hooligans! ..” But I knew not only the phone number, but also my home Moscow address on Chernyakhovsky Street, but I prudently considered that it was not worth admitting this.

Soon we both wanted one thing - a big interview of the legendary film actress on my author's page in the newspaper; the heading was called “Evening Living Room”. Time passed, the questions were sent, but the approaches to the interview seemed to be bricked up: then I, wrapped in a newspaper routine, from which no one freed and was not going to free, had no time and no time; then Nadezhda Vasilievna, Nadia was unwell - age, you can’t discount it. In a word, "everything froze at dawn." It would not have been possible to ask for a business trip to Moscow, which was decided, and easily, because of the love of the general director of the publishing house for me - I, a dolt, was waiting for something: they say, everything is quietly, gradually develops, will not run away. It did not work out and ran away: Nadia was gone.

Nadezhda Rumyantseva (right) being prepared for filming

Rybnikov said: "Don't drift!"

In a cheerful, humming crowd, they literally fell out onto a small frozen platform drowned in snow at a tiny station. For some reason, everyone wanted to take a sip of fresh air at once, to take a sip with full lungs, but they froze, froze with their mouths open, exhaling thick white steam - they immediately caught their breath: the frost bound everything, even this simple need after a stuffy car. They stood like that, shackled, on the platform, until the deep, rumbling voice of one of the company was heard:
- Guys, where are we?! How to drink to let the eggs freeze! The North Pole is right there! Can we eat penguins?
Someone, despite the coldness around, laughed loudly. And someone - apparently smart, educated - grunted dejectedly:
- Penguins, by the way, are in the South. In Antarctica. - And in a voice completely full of disappointment, he added: - We need to look for a polar bear. But how are we going to shoot? Surely Yurka will come up with something?
Yurka, behind the back, of course, they called the director of the future film, Yuri Chulyukin, who woke up incredibly famous after the film "The Invincibles." The film was shot as a serious film with a high, tempered moral principle, but it turned out to be a charming, unpretentious comedy, on which crowded cinema halls lay side by side. Then they laughed together: but it was not necessary to shoot Nikulin, so the clowning came out as a result ...
Chulyukin's frost could not have been canceled for anything, despite all his directorial talents. It may be sad, but the frost is all this directing from above, from the Lord God himself. Be patient, as they say. All the more be patient, if right there, from the platform, in the neighborhood, they are spitting:
- Don't drift, boy! - The voice, foolish, but very calm, measured, a little springy, would have been recognized by at least half the country, the female gender - in the obligatory order, because it belonged to the favorite of the film audience, whom they were ready to wear in their arms - Nikolai Rybnikov. - There will be kind people who will take care of you and me. If they give out wadded pants, like real lumberjacks, then problems with the economy will disappear ...
And again, laughter, this time continuous, an avalanche, as if the frost did not care.

Shooting the scene in the club

Outside the window - minus forty

Yayva really met with a fierce cold - minus forty. And small squat houses made of logs blackened from frequent rains, with half-blinded windows on one side, touching, or even half gone into the snowdrifts - Yayva simply drowned in them. When Muscovites later, at their leisure or during a smoke break, were told that countless thickets of cranberries, blueberries and blueberries were hidden under the snowdrifts, they shook their heads in disbelief, although they seemed to express joy: here, they say, it’s great, you need to come here in the summer.

The entire film crew was accommodated in a hotel house. He did not stand out much, differed from others - he was just as squat and black. However, spoiled Muscovites immediately appreciated, not stinting on praise: a good house, and most importantly - warm and cozy. There was joy! Outside the window, it was wildly cold, it seemed that at night even the glass cracked, striving to crumble, or the blizzard howled dejectedly, like a widow at a funeral, angry and throwing handfuls of sharp, frozen snow, and howling again. And here, soft, like a swan's, the warmth emanating from the hot stoves heated, probably for the sake of guests. Isn't this a miracle?!

Actors and other film fraternity settled down in a new place, adjusting to the simple life of the Urals, but every one was already looking forward to the first meeting with the set. And this platform was a deaf taiga, approaching the houses almost close. It was in a matter of days that the people of Yaiva quite often saw the artists when they came to the club to dance, and gossiped behind their backs: people are lucky, they came to relax, they also found time to relax. Or they ran into Rumyantseva or Rybnikov right in the yard - they did without lazy impressiveness in the frost, which did not recede a single degree, they were also in a hurry to their work. But all this will be later, although soon.

Nikolai Rybnikov (right) on the set

Wolves, foxes and bears

The then head of the narrow-gauge railway, which belonged to the timber industry, Kartashev was severely punished: not to refuse anything to the filmmakers, to fulfill all their requests and instructions, even if it would be to the detriment of the plan.

Taiga met the Muscovites not at all sullenly. Their cheeks were burning from the burning frost, but through the chilly, transparent air, the rays of the bright winter sun confidently made their way, lighting millions, billions of gems in the snow. And on the paws of the mighty firs, rushing up like a wall and as if propping each other up, huge white covers were thrown over, to which, it was seen, there was no end and no edge. The gray-haired Urals, even in this harsh time, is coquettish, like a young lady who put on a sable coat. The taiga snowdrifts were dotted with footprints and footprints, quite fresh, as if left in front of the very noses of those who arrived from the capital.

“Hares,” the trade union leader accompanying the group said indifferently, and just as indifferently waved his hand.
- Do you have many hares?
Why won't there be enough of them? Enough. Wait, here they will feed you with hare, good meat.
- And besides hares, who else is found? Just don't say polar bears...

The trade union leader, who had previously seemed so serious, so inaccessible, laughed quite childishly: But there are a lot of brown ones. And more foxes, more wolves...
One of the actresses squeaked softly, but everyone heard this squeak in the ringing silence. They cackled out of habit.
- Don't be afraid, girl, - reassured the representative of the timber industry. - No one will touch you or offend you. Wolves and foxes won’t even come close - as soon as the saws start working, they run to hell: they need to meet people. And what about bears… They have been sucking their paws in the den for a long time…
And again the movie people are having fun. And again he throws some sharp phrases in the direction of the coward, who was frightened by the living creatures of the taiga.

The main characters of the film Tosya and Ilya found their love

Everyone drank vodka except Rumyantseva

At first, the shooting took place in one of the plots of the Elovsky forest station, where they managed to build a typical trailer, depicting a dining room, in which several sharp episodes of the comedy were filmed. Then the film fraternity moved to another place, closer to the bank of the river running under thick, reliable ice from the very Ural Mountains. It was here that the idea of ​​​​how to make a screensaver for the future film was already discussed. They searched for a solution for quite a long time, until they settled on this: the inscription “Girls” should, as it were, emerge from the wide Ural landscape, and in front of it, dropping snow caps from its own paws, a huge forest giant is falling. We decided: in the background, the ridges overgrown with forest must be visible. A place for this shooting was looking for at least a long time. Found, filmed.

And the frost still did not give up. Therefore, the film crew, going to the taiga, did not forget to take a box of vodka with them, as if this could actually help, warm, save. Vodka "warmed the veins" of everyone except Rumyantseva. No, she was not so quick-witted, understanding that "Stolichnaya" would not warm, but would only make things worse - she simply did not drink. So the audience does not at all imagine that the heroes of the comedy have a little wrinkled faces.

Of course, the actors did not cut down the forest. All technological operations were carried out by workers of the timber industry: they felled centuries-old trees, set tractors and cranes in motion. The cameraman Lebeshev tried to capture this as expressively as possible, and the workers proudly told their relatives how they played in the movie. What was their disappointment when they did not see themselves on the screen at the premiere of the film in the village! More precisely, they saw their arms and shoulders, they were doing something, but the faces were not theirs - the artists. Here are the hands holding a chainsaw, which is pierced by a chain into a spruce; here is a foot that, having pushed through the snow, goes into it; and Nikolai Rybnikov straightens up and looks at the falling tree.

Taiga people are not vicious. However, how much ridicule this caused at the premiere - at once they stopped envying the “acting”.

There is no maple, but the song is wonderful

But it is fair: when the shooting was going on, the workers tried to help the filmmakers in everything. Let's say the director wanted the skidder to rear up - you are always welcome: the workers hooked the cable to the stump, fastened it with a hook on the tractor, the cable was pulled - and the tractor immediately reared up like a frightened horse.

The workers, of course, laughed when the artists climbed under the tractor with huge wrenches in their hands: there is nothing to do with such tools - such nuts have never happened there, this is not a winch. But chuckles, chuckles, and the working people still understood: the small keys on the screen would simply not be visible.

In one of the telephone conversations, I asked Rumyantseva:
- Didn't it seem strange to you that the main song in the film is "Old Maple"?
Nadia was surprised:
Why must it seem strange? Good song, soulful. There was a comedy - the people immediately picked it up.
- A wonderful song, but Yayva has its own, "branded" one. Feasts are not complete without it. Only, Nadyush, maples don’t grow in the Urals, Christmas trees are somehow more familiar here…
She laughed loudly, boisterously, just like in her youth.

Diseases and pests of maple: photo and treatment


  • Powdery mildew and its control
  • Black spot
  • Pests
  • Pest factors
  • Non-insect pests

Norway maple is very popular in cities. But this tree has various diseases. Leaves are especially susceptible to infections. Pests are also very harmful to this tree. We'll show you how to get rid of them. Diseases and infections disrupt its normal nutrition and other physiological processes. The plant dies from a lack of substances and carbon dioxide, which it absorbs. The decorative effect of maple and its ability to withstand negative environmental factors suffer.

Powdery mildew and its control

Powdery mildew is the most common disease. It looks like a white coating on the surface of the leaves, which appears in late May-early June. What is the treatment for this disease? Use an infusion of thistle field: pour 1 kg of green mass into 3 liters of water, leave for 8-10 hours.

Powdery mildew

Powdery mildew is a fungus in origin. If you see a white powdery coating on the leaves, you need to take action immediately. If this is done correctly, you will restore the health of your green spaces very quickly. Please note that at first powdery mildew is invisible to the naked eye on the surface of the leaves. Then the maple is covered with a white bloom and, despite normal watering, gradually begins to dry out. Using preventative measures is the most important thing you can do for a tree.

Powdery mildew spreads mainly in the first days of summer. Due to the wind, the fungus migrates from plant to plant and spreads very quickly. Not only maple is susceptible to infection, this attack can appear on oak and garden trees, especially when the summer is not very hot. The peculiarity of powdery mildew is that it tends to appear very high.

Powdery mildew does not pose a direct threat to humans. This fungus can cause enormous damage in the agricultural area. Powdery mildew can affect gooseberry bushes, currants and other berries. If sow thistle treatment does not help, you need to resort to spraying fungicides using hot mist technology.

Black spot

Norway maple can also suffer from black spot. How she looks like? Dark uneven spots on the leaves - its manifestation. As a preventive measure, spray with a 2% solution of foundationazole or copper sulfate and 300 g of grated laundry soap per 10 liters of water. This is done in early spring. And if the disease has already begun, then spraying with an infusion of onion peel helps.

Black spot

Black spot indicates good ecology of the area. In addition to reducing the decorative effect, there is no harm from this disease. It is very important to create optimal conditions for the growth and development of maple, which increase the resistance of plants to diseases. Branches affected by diseases must be cut and destroyed. The same is done with the fallen leaves of the affected tree. You can carry out preventive spring spraying with fungicides.


The maple weevil is a common pest of both Norway maple (drummond) and Japanese maple. If the treatment of diseases is possible with folk remedies, then it is better to use special preparations to get rid of maple pests. Norway maple suffers greatly because the weevil destroys the leaves, and the tree may die. From pests, two drugs are most effective - they use 0.05% decis and inta-vir.

Maple weevil

When another pest of Norway maple, the maple mealybug, appears, the leaves are sprayed with 3% nitrafen in cool weather. Garlic solution helps well (50 g of chopped garlic per 3 liters of water).

Some of the pests attack outwardly healthy trees (for example, caterpillars or leaf beetles), others (bark beetles) attack weakened ones. For leaves, caterpillars are dangerous. They damage the buds and flowers of Norway maple. Such an insect is, for example, the maple whitefly. The leaves just fall off if she settles on a maple. And sucking insects feed on the sap of trees and gradually lead to its drying (for example, scoops and ticks can be distinguished among this group of pests).

Less common insects such as marbled and June beetles can also cause damage. Aphids are brought into the nursery along with sowing and planting material.

The ash wood beetle is another dangerous tree beetle, its characteristic feature is the emitted mouse smell. You can find eaten leaves, only the middle remains of them. The whole landing can be eaten out in a couple of nights. To prevent this from happening, you can use a tool called decis.

The false scale insect sucks the juice of the plant, which greatly weakens it. Leaves fall, branches die. To prevent this from happening, carry out prophylaxis with Admiral Ke.

Factors contributing to the appearance of pests

It also plays a significant role whether the maple is young or old. Plants of different ages "love" different pests and different diseases. Young plants are susceptible to attack by beetles, nutcrackers, flea beetles, elephants and cicadas. After closing the crowns, the maple takes a fancy to the goldfish.

Factors such as smoke and night lighting reduce maple's defenses. The fauna of maple pests in forest stands depends on the age of the stands.

Learn more