How to separate baby banana trees
How To Separate Banana Tree Offsets
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By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer
Image by eve_eve01genesis
Banana plant pups are actually suckers, or offshoots, that grow from the base of the banana plant. Can you transplant a banana tree pup to propagate a brand new banana tree? You certainly can, and dividing banana pups is easier than you may think. Read on to learn more.
How to Divide Banana Plants
According to North Dakota State University Extension, dividing banana pups is the preferred methods of propagation. Before you begin, ensure the main banana plant is healthy and has at least three or four good sized offshoots to anchor it to the soil.
The first and most important step is to select a pup that is large enough to survive when separated from the mother plant. Small pups, known as buttons, won’t have sufficient roots to make it on their own. Don’t attempt to propagate pups less than 12 inches (30 cm. ) tall. Shoots measuring 2 to 3 feet (61-91 cm.) tall and a minimum of 2 or 3 inches (5-8 cm.) in diameter are more likely to develop into healthy plants.
It also helps to look for sword suckers, which have narrower leaves than water suckers. Sword suckers have a larger root system, while water suckers are more dependent on the mother plant for survival.
Once you’ve identified the pup you intend to divide, sever it from the parent with a sharp, sterile knife, then use a shovel to dig the corm (rhizome). Lift the pup and corm up and away from the mother plant as you carefully separate the roots. However, don’t worry if a few roots are broken; the most important thing is to get a good-sized chunk of corm and a few healthy roots.
Transplanting Banana Plant Pups
Your banana pup is now ready to be planted away from the mother plant. Plant the pup in well-drained soil that has been amended with compost or rotted manure. Don’t plant too deeply; ideally, the pup should be planted at the same depth it was growing while still attached to the parent plant.
If you’re planting more than one pup, allow at least 2 to 3 feet (61-91 cm.) between each one. If you live in a warm climate where the trees will produce fruit, allow at least 8 feet (2+ m.).
You can also plant the pup in a pot filled with fresh, well-drained potting mix. Be sure the container has drainage holes.
Water the pup deeply, then apply a layer of mulch around (but not touching) the pup to keep the soil moist and moderate temperature.
Don’t be worried if the leaves wilt and initial growth is rather slow. In fact, you can direct energy to root development by trimming all but the top leaf, as the leaves will probably wither anyway. It also helps to keep the newly transplanted pup in the shade for the first few days.
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Splitting A Banana Plant - Separating Banana Plants For Propagation
By: Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer
Image by ginton
Like most fruit trees, a banana plant sends out suckers. With grafted fruit trees, it is recommended that you prune and discard the suckers, but banana plant suckers (called “pups”) can be split from the parent plant and grown as new plants. Continue reading to learn how to divide a banana tree.
Banana Plant Splitting
In time, whether your banana plant is container grown or grown in ground, it will send out banana plant pups. Container grown banana plants may sprout suckers as a sign of stress — from being pot bound, under watered or unhappy for some other reason. Sending out suckers is their way of trying to survive conditions that they are struggling in. The new pups will grow new roots that can suck up more water and nutrients for the parent plant. New pups can also begin to grow to replace a dying parent plant.
Oftentimes though, a perfectly healthy banana plant will produce pups just because reproducing is a part of nature. When your banana plant sends out suckers, it is a good idea to examine the parent plant for signs of stress, disease or insects. You should also examine the roots of container grown banana plants to see if they are pot bound.
How to Divide a Banana Tree
After examination of the parent plant and root structure, you may choose to divide banana plant pups from the parent plant. Separating banana plants will give both the new pups and the parent plant a better chance at survival, as the new pups can take away water and nutrients from the parent plant causing it to die back.
Dividing banana plants should be done only when the pup being divided has grown to at least a foot (30.48 cm.) tall. By that point, the pup should have developed its own roots so that it is not depending solely on the parent plant for survival. Pups that are removed from the parent plant before they develop their own roots are not likely to survive.
To separate banana plants, gently remove the soil around the plant’s roots and sucker. When the soil is removed, you can make sure that the pup you are dividing is growing its own roots. If not, put the soil back and give it more time. If the pup has nice roots of its own growing separate from the parent plant, you can divide it and plant it as a new banana plant.
With a clean, sharp knife, cut the banana plant pup off of the parent plant. Be careful not to cut any of the roots of the banana pup. Once cut, gently separate the roots of the parent plant and the banana plant pup. Try to get as much of the pup’s roots as you can. Then simply plant this new pup in a container or in the ground.
Your new banana plants may wilt a little for the first week or two but will usually recover. Using a rooting fertilizer when dividing banana plants can help reduce the stress and shock of division. Also, water your new banana plants and the parent plant deeply and frequently after splitting to promote strong root development.
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How to grow a banana tree at home
Banana trees can be grown throughout the year. They have long, broad and graceful leaves.
Many people want to learn how to grow a banana tree. The banana tree grows quickly, and every part of it can be useful.
- Banana species for home cultivation
- Fruit species
- Decorative species
- Banana pointed
- Banana Cavendish
- Kyiv dwarf
- Red Banana or Yamaisky
- Banana: Care and types for home cultivation
- How to grow a banana tree 9000
- and Object
- How to divide banana trees?
- Banana Tree Seed
- Pot Selection
- The beneficial properties of a banana
- Banana tree: Care at home
Types of banana wood for growing
Houses Grow as varieties of Banans tasty fruits, and trees that serve as interior decoration.
- Pointy banana;
- dwarf Cavendish banana;
- banana Cavendish superdwarf;
- Kyiv dwarf;
- Kyiv superdwarf.
- Velvety banana;
- Lavender banana;
- Chinese dwarf;
- Bright red banana.
Pointed banana (lat. Musa acuminata) is grown for its beautiful leaves up to one meter long
with a large central vein, resembling a bird feather.
The leaves of the decorative banana are dark green, often there are specimens with a reddish tint.
In greenhouse conditions, the height of the pointed banana plant can reach 3.5 meters, although in room conditions it grows no more than 2 meters.
The size of the fruits of this type of banana ranges from 5 to 30 centimeters, and their color can be green, yellow and even red.
The pointed banana is edible and grows in the countries of southeast Asia, in southern China, India and Australia.
In countries with colder climates, this type of banana is grown as an ornamental plant. Cavendish Banana The fruits of the banana tree reach 25 cm.In the photo Banana Cavendish
The peel is juicy yellow with small green streaks.
When overripe, the shell turns black and the flesh becomes soft.
Kyiv dwarfPhoto Kyiv dwarf
Kyiv dwarf (lat. Musasuperdwarfcavendish) or fruit-bearing dwarf indoor banana.
This bonsai grows up to 2 meters in height.
With good care from one plant, you can get about two hundred of your own mini-fruits.
A flower pot is best placed near an east or south window; north rooms are not suitable for fruiting.
The temperature regime is not lower than + 16 degrees.
The flowering of the banana lasts throughout the year, after the flowers appear small fruits collected in clusters.
Red banana or Jamaican
Red banana or Jamaican is another unusual banana.In the photo is a Jamaican banana
In addition to the fact that the ripened fruits have a dark burgundy color and pink flesh, this species is endowed with an aroma reminiscent of raspberries.
Banana: care and types for home growing
How to grow a banana tree
At home, a banana plant can be grown by planting a seed, or you can buy an already germinated specimen.
A variety will grow from the seeds, the fruits of which are inedible.
The process of seed germination at home is a rather long process and seedlings will have to wait at best for two months.
Cultivation and care of a banana tree
ambient temperature up to 10 o Growth stops completely.
Strictly defined humidity has no less influence during the entire life cycle of a plant.
Long periods of dryness can lead to the death of the plant.
In the first year of life, the plant practically does not need care.
It only needs to be watered and periodically loosened very carefully.
In October pawpaw sheds its leaves and prepares for a dormant period.
Now you need to provide your pet with moderate watering until spring, you can move the plant to a cooler place.Photo of banana tree
In April, sap flow begins, which means it's time to feed.
Nitrodiammophos fertilizer will be the best option.
Dilute approximately 20 g per bucket of water.
How to divide banana trees?
- Banana trees are tropical plants that usually grow quickly.
As they grow, they sprout or "children" underground around their base.
If these shoots are not dug up and removed, they grow into banana trees.
When this happens, the growth of both trees slows down as they compete for nutrients in the same soil.
The solution to this problem is to split the trees first.
Then transplant the shoot at a distance from the mother.
- Place the shovel between the trees with the back of the shovel facing the main plant.
Dip the shovel blade into the ground a few centimeters.
Move the handle of the shovel so that the blade is angled towards the shoot and rests lightly on it.
- Insert the blade of the hand shovel into the ground as far as it will go.
Push the handle back and forth to cut off the stalk that attaches the shoot to the main banana tree.
- Dig out the core of the banana tree sprout while lifting the tree up and out of the ground.
A rhizome is a white, potato-like mass that forms the base of a shoot.
The rhizome has "eyes" like potatoes, from which shoots grow.
- Plant a banana tree in a large pot or in the ground.
The soil should be rich in humus and well drained.
Water the plant minimally at first until it begins to grow.
Banana Tree Seeds
Remove the banana seeds from the core of the fruit and lay out on paper. Rinse and dry the seeds for 2 days. Seeds with pre-scratched shells are pressed into the ground.
After sowing, after 3 days the seeds should peck.
Banana seeds germinate for a very long time - from 2 to 3 months.
Selecting a pot
Choose a spacious container for your future banana.
It is necessary to make good holes in it, fill in expanded clay with a layer of 1.5 - 2 cm, add sand 1.5 - 2 cm, fill with earth.
The stalk is carefully transplanted: it is important not to damage the root system and delicate foliage.
If growing conditions are favorable for your plant, then it will develop quite quickly.
Then you may need more than one transplant per year. Good drainage is most important.
The banana tree is detrimental to stagnant water, which can rot the roots.
Also requires daily leaf dampening, spraying or wiping.
Dry air adversely affects the foliage of the banana tree.
During the period of active growth and development, you can feed with organic fertilizers, in the same proportions as for other plants.
The optimal temperature for the active growth of a banana tree can be considered from +23 to +28 degrees, in winter from +17 to +20 degrees.
Humidity and rather high temperatures are the key to success!
In the wild, bananas prefer scorching sunlight, for this reason a south window sill is a good fit.
It is necessary to select a place with sufficient lighting.
Lack of light adversely affects growth and development.
Now we know how simple and easy it is to care for a banana tree at home.
A Few Tips for Growing Banana Trees
Banana trees also provide tropical appeal to your patio or pool area.
In addition to their beautiful appearance, they can offer pleasant shade in hot weather.
Before you start growing banana trees, you need to learn about their features and the rules for caring for them.
First, you need a suitable soil for this tropical plant.
To do this, dry the soil well with a special mixture with perlite.
This provides good drainage. Do not plant banana trees in heavy soil, such as in a yard.
The rhizomes of the banana tree are in an upright position. Make sure the roots are well covered.
The rhizome should be 3-5 centimeters covered with soil.
Of course, the banana tree needs to be fertilized and watered.
Use fresh fertilizers, mixtures suitable specifically for these plants.
Since bananas need quite a lot of nutrients for active growth, they need to be fertilized.
After the initial watering, you do not need to water the plant again,
until the top 2-5 cm of soil is dry.
Banana trees can only grow in bright light. Ideal for them 12 hours of sunlight.
Warmth is essential for these tropical plants.
The ideal temperature for growing bananas is 20 degrees Celsius.
As for the humidity, it should be at the level of 50% and above.
Very dry and hot air can destroy leaves.
If you want to grow a banana tree in a container, make sure they are not too big.
Standard sizes - from 15 to 20 centimeters. They must have a drainage hole.
Do not plant banana trees in containers without them.
If you see that the plants are getting crowded, you need to transplant them into a larger container.
Banana plants have a stem and an underground corm.
It is essential for the growth and nutrition of the new plant.
Only after the trunk has grown and strengthened (about 10-15 months), useful substances will go through it from the soil, nourishing the leaves,
and then the apical inflorescences, which will subsequently turn into fruits.
Useful properties of banana
Banana pulp is used to relieve inflammation in the oral cavity,
and also as a dietary product in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers.
In addition, banana is laxative and is therefore used as a mild laxative.
Due to the presence of tryptophan, an amino acid that prevents cell aging and has a beneficial effect on brain function,
bananas are recommended for the elderly.
The presence of potassium and magnesium makes it possible to use them as a means of preventing high blood pressure and stroke.
Infusion of banana flowers helps in the treatment of diabetes and bronchitis.
Banana stem juice is a good anticonvulsant and sedative.
The invaluable benefits of bananas are concentrated in the peel. Banana skins are used for medicinal purposes.
Compresses of young leaves or banana peel promote rapid healing of burns and abscesses on the skin.
Banana peel is used as fertilizer for both indoor and outdoor flowers.
The fact is that it contains a large amount of phosphorus and potassium.
With the help of a banana peel, you can also fight aphids, which cannot tolerate excess potassium.
To do this, just make a tincture on banana skins and water the plants with it.
The easiest way to use banana skins to fertilize flowers is to simply bury them in the ground.
To do this, it is enough to cut the peel into small pieces.
After this procedure, even the most tired plants begin to leaf out and bloom.
Banana peel decomposes in the ground for 10 days, after which bacteria eat it.
Banana tree: home care
banana tree 🌿 All about gardening and garden design
Banana tree in the garden, why not? Some species are hardy and may spend the winter outdoors. Culture in the apartment or on the veranda is also possible. However, some maintenance instructions must be followed.
- Banana tree in our climate?
- Planting, propagation
- In practice
- Flowering and fruiting
- Varieties and species
Banana tree in our climate
Banana is a tree-like, perennial, deciduous herb in our climate. It is clear that this is a giant grass with very large leaves (see Foliage XXL), with a pseudo-stem (or stalk). It may live for several years, but loses its leaves in the winter to start again in the spring. Banana growth is very fast.
Although it is a tropical plant that appreciates a warm and humid climate, some species are hardy and can be grown in the ground in France if they are protected from frost in winter. winter. There are also dwarf banana species adapted for growing in pots, in apartments or under verandas. Most of these banana trees are ornamental, prized for the exotic touch they bring to a garden (see also: Exoticism in Arrays). However, you can try the edible species: in a particularly mild climate or indoors with good growing conditions, you can get bananas.
The ideal time to plant a banana plant outdoors is from spring to early summer. In temperate climates, it can be installed from mid-March to September. Banana reproduces by seed germination (soaking in water for 72 hours) for certain species: in May, in a mini-greenhouse, at temperatures from 20° C at night to 30° C during the day, on fine soil and draining, keeping moisture on surfaces. More often than not, however, the banana is multiplied by outliers. These wastes can be separated from the mother plant if they are at least 10 cm in size and have roots: they can be transplanted, preferably in April-May.
Most banana trees need a lot of light, but some species are intolerant of direct sunlight, especially indoors, and do best in partial shade. Outside, keep your banana out of the wind.
Flowering and fruiting
In summer the banana tree produces an inflorescence with purple bracts which may or may not bear fruit, depending on the species.
- Outdoors: plan a drainage layer at the bottom of the hole and a rich, light and draining substrate (garden soil, compost, compost manure and coarse sand) when planting.
- In pots: same set value for substrate. The banana tree produces many roots (rhizomes) and needs a large container.
Varieties and types
There are more than 50 types of bananas. All belong to the genus Musa . Their classification is rather complicated, but for simplicity we distinguish:
- Edible fruit species that produce either "fruity" bananas ( Musa acuminata , Musa Balbisiana ...) or bananas ( Musa x paradisiaca ) ;
- Ornamental species, some of which are tropical (and cannot tolerate temperatures below 10°C), others are subtropical (hardy down to -12°C for some).
These are subtropical ornamental species that can be established outdoors in France. The most rustic and most common Musa Baju x hybridum (up to -12°C). Let's also mention Musa Ensete (down to -1°C), Musa Velutina (dwarf 1 to 2 meters, hardy to -6°C) and Musa ventricosum maurelli (with very decorative red leaves, rustic to 5°C) . In addition to hardiness, the size of the "trees" also varies greatly from one species to another (1 meter for smaller ones, several meters for larger ones).
The banana tree is a greedy plant in the water, during the growing season: whether in a pot or in the ground, water frequently, from March to October (excluding frosts) to keep the soil moist. In winter, however, reduce watering (once every 15 days and only for potted plants).
Fertilize regularly from spring to autumn (organic fertilizer or NPK fertilizer). Transplantation is best done in February-March.