How to start a weeping willow tree
Starting willow trees from stem cuttings / Does drought really kill grass?
Starting willow trees from stem cuttings
Can I successfully start a new tree (Willow) from the tree cutting?
It is possible in the case of some tree species, but not all of them. Fortunately, the willow is one of the easy trees to propagate by stem cuttings. On the other hand, the apple tree and many other common fruit trees are more difficult or impossible to propagate from stem cuttings. Some shade trees are also difficult to produce from cuttings and like the fruit tree are propagated by grafting. However, the willow is very easy.
To start a new tree from the stem of a willow tree, take a healthy branch, place it in moist soil in the spring or late winter. If the soil remains moist, the stem should form roots in a month or so and by the end of the growing season will have a good root system.
If it is started on the site where you wish it to grow, you will not need to transplant it, but some shade from the sun will be necessary while the root system is forming.
If you start it in a pot indoors in late winter, you can transplant it to a well-prepared planting site after the weather has warmed and there is no danger of frost. It may still need a little shade for a few weeks but should soon establish and begin growing.
The willow grows rapidly but also dies rapidly. The "hidden cost" of fast-growing trees is that they are often short-lived, 30 to 80 years, and are susceptible to injury by many diseases and insects. Slower growing trees devote more of their resources to protecting themselves from disease and insects.
Does drought really kill grass?
If grass is deprived of water, does it really "die"? Grass certainly looks dead after extended periods without water, but after it gets some water it seems to come back to life. Was it ever dead?
Some grasses will rapidly die during periods of drought, but even these die by parts. Bluegrass is an example of grass which cannot survive extended periods without irrigation, such as is common here in New Mexico. After a week or less, depending on the time of year and previous moisture and health of the grass, the grass will begin to turn brown. The leaves will die as they turn brown (they are dead). However, the crown, that part that produces new leaves, survives longer. As the drought progresses, some of the grass crowns will begin to die, but if water is supplied, some will have survived and regrow. At this point the grass will be sparse. If the drought persists even longer, all the crowns will die and only weeds or more drought resistant grass species will grow once water is supplied.
Many of the warm season grasses we grow, such as bermuda grass, buffalo grass, and blue grama, are much more drought tolerant and will survive longer periods of drought. These are often the grasses that reappear after dry periods. There are other native grasses that also survive. Fescue, often used in lawns, is intermediate in response. It can tolerate somewhat more drying than the bluegrass but not as much as the drought tolerant grasses mentioned above.
Marisa Y. Thompson, PhD, is the Extension Horticulture Specialist, in the Department of Extension Plant Sciences at the New Mexico State University Los Lunas Agricultural Science Center, email: [email protected], office: 505-865-7340, ext. 113.
For more gardening information, visit the NMSU Extension Horticulture page at Desert Blooms and the NMSU Horticulture Publications page.
Send gardening questions to Southwest Yard and Garden - Attn: Dr. Marisa Thompson at [email protected], or at the Desert Blooms Facebook.
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Everything You Need to Know About Weeping Willow Trees
Weeping willow trees have long been prized for their delicate, weeping branches that graze the ground with fluttering, silver-tinged leaves. Their form flows into a pleasing, round canopy. Not only do they provide food for rabbits and deer, their branches are ideal for nesting birds. Weeping willows do very well planted near water, where they can prevent soil erosion.
Weeping Willow Trees at a Glance
- Classic, graceful shape
- Help prevent soil erosion
- Tolerate many soil types
- Leaves turn warm yellow in the fall
- Provides excellent shade
- Prone to pest issues
Weeping willow trees are famed for their dramatic, elegant appearance. Their long, graceful branches “weep” into an arch, creating a round canopy that grazes the ground gently. Their narrow leaves are light green on top, with silvery undersides until they turn yellow in autumn. The bark is rough, gray, and ridged. Yellow flowers bloom in late winter or spring.
Weeping willow trees grow to be 30-50 feet tall, with a spread of roughly 30-40 feet.
|Appearance||Graceful, ground-sweeping branches form a rounded shape. Long, narrow, light-green leaves with silvery undersides that turn yellow in fall. Yellow flowers in late winter/spring|
|Hardiness Zones||Zones 4-10|
|Type of tree||Deciduous|
|Sunlight requirements||Full sun to partial shade|
|Soil composition||Widely adaptable, but prefers slightly acidic, well-draining, and moist soil|
USDA Hardiness Zones indicate the regions where different plants grow best, depending on their lowest winter temperatures. Weeping willows thrive in Zones 4-10, across most of the country.
Choose a growing site that receives full sun to partial shade, with moist, well-draining, slightly acidic soil. Pull any weeds and remove any turfgrass and debris. Do not plant near any underground power lines or sewers, since weeping willows have very long roots.
Dig a whole twice the width of your root ball, but about the same depth. Take the root ball out of the container and gently tease apart its roots, then place it in the middle of the hole. Backfill the hole with soil halfway, then pour 2 gallons of water into it. Finish filling the hole with soil, tamping down lightly to remove any air bubbles.
Weeping willow trees grow very well when planted near water, such as ponds or streams.
Weeping willow trees can thrive in full sun to partial shade, and are tolerant of many soil types.
Sun and shade
Weeping willow trees flourish in full sun to partial shade, meaning they need at least four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day.
Weeping willows are tolerant of many soil types, including alkaline, loamy, sandy, and clay soils. However, their preference is for moist, well-draining, slightly acidic soils. If your soil is too alkaline, you can make it more acidic by amending it with sulfur.
You need to water your weeping willow weekly for the first year after planting. Afterwards, you only need to water it enough so that the soil doesn’t dry out. You can test this by sticking your index finger into the surrounding soil. If the top two inches don’t feel moist, you need to water.
In general, weeping willows do not need fertilizer to grow healthy and hardy. If your weeping willow tree’s leaves are looking pale, you can apply a balanced fertilizer, with an NPK ratio of 20-20-20, in spring.
For best growth, prune your weeping willow when it is young, cutting it so that there is one central leader. Snipping back all branches in late winter or early spring is advisable, because it will encourage new branch growth and invigorate your tree.
Disease and pest issues
Weeping willows are susceptible to willow scab, willow blight, black canker, fungi, powdery mildew, root rot, and more. Pest issues include aphids, gypsy moths, and borers. Targeted spraying can help alleviate this issue.
Frequently Asked Questions
Where should I plant them?
Weeping willow trees do best when planted in areas that receive full sun to partial shade, in slightly acidic, moist soil. They should only be planted in Hardiness Zones 4-10.
How far should I plant one from my house?
Make sure to plant your weeping willow at least 50 feet away from your house.
Do they have problems?
Weeping willows can have lots of pest and disease issues, and they can invade underground pipes and powerlines.
Are all willow trees weeping?
No, some of them have more traditional shapes.
To share feedback or ask a question about this article, send a note to our Reviews Team at [email protected].
How to plant and grow willow in the garden?
Garden fashion does not stand still, and yesterday's superstitions and prejudices that hold us back to get this or that plant in our garden are becoming a thing of the past, and the former garden "outcast" is becoming popular. The conversation will be about the willow, which at one time was sent into “exile” outside the site, although this tree can become not only a stylish decoration of the garden, but also a home doctor and a supplier of materials for handicrafts.
Today, there are 370 species of trees and shrubs called Salix, better known to us under the names: willow, willow, vine, willow, blackthal, whitethal, willow and even witch tree.
Willow is a tree or shrub from 25 cm to 15–20 m high, belongs to the willow family, its natural habitat is quite extensive: polar tundra, Central Asia, Europe, the Caucasus, Western Siberia.
willow near the water
willow on the mountain slopes
"seals" - willow inflorescences
Long branched willow roots have the ability to fix loose soils, which is an advantage and makes it possible to use it on your garden plot. The leaves of the willow are lanceolate, the flowers are collected in inflorescences, earrings, and the fruits are in the form of boxes. Long before the appearance of spring greenery, this tree pleases us with surprisingly beautiful and touching fluffy inflorescences, popularly referred to as "seals". The size and color range of inflorescences, as well as the flowering period, depend on the variety. If you skillfully select varieties, then you can extend the “cat-flowering” until May.
Willow is undemanding to soils, but in moist, slightly saline soil with acidity of 5–6 pH, it develops more readily and faster, delighting with a lush crown.
Popular willow varieties
Garden centers mainly offer willows imported from countries with warmer and milder climates. It is difficult to remain indifferent to the beauty Salixintegra Hakuro-Nishiki (Hakuro Nishiki), which has a standard or bush form. But it should be remembered that growing a beautiful Asian in your garden is associated with risk. In a frosty winter, the vaccination may freeze slightly, so every autumn the vaccination site must be insulated by tying it with spanbond or covering it with clay. Traditional favorites: Tortuosa willow (Sálix Tortuosa), Babylonian (Sálix babylónica), Babylonian Crispa are also southerners and can be severely affected by frost.
But there is a solution to this problem. The fact is that the breeder and scientist Veniamin Ivanovich Shaburov devoted his whole life to the creation of frost-resistant willow varieties that are highly decorative and resistant to our climate. In total, he created more than 50 new varieties, which received awards at international exhibitions, after which they "scattered" around the world and replenished the gardens of the USA, Canada, and Paris. The Royal Botanical Garden in England has in its collection almost all varieties created by V. I. Shaburov.
VI Shaburov devoted his whole life to the creation of frost-resistant willow varieties, which are highly decorative and resistant to our climate.
A well-known collector and popularizer of willows of Shaburovskaya selection Alexander Marchenko, after many years of observation and experimentation, identified varieties that are most beneficial for use in landscape design and urban gardening.
Interesting facts from the life of the willow
Myths and legends. In all ethnic cultures, willow is considered a "female" tree, a symbol of endless life and tenderness, because, according to Scandinavian mythology, the first woman was created from this tree. For the Slavs, willow was a sacred tree, a symbol of rapid success. And only among the ancient Jewish people willow symbolizes sadness.
Domestic use. The bark and twigs are used to make wickerwork: furniture, household utensils, interior and garden design elements.
Medicinal properties. Willow has high antibacterial properties, as it contains acetylsalicylic acid (plant salicin), which, by the way, was first obtained by the chemist Felix Hoffman from this plant! To this day, willow bark and leaves are used for medicinal purposes. Decoctions of the young bark are drunk for dysentery and intestinal disorders, as well as an antihelminthic and hemostatic agent. It is only necessary to take one teaspoon of finely chopped dry bark and pour a glass of boiling water, then let it cool and drink a tablespoon 4-5 times a day. And baths with a decoction of willow, in addition to the disinfecting effect, will help to quickly relieve tension after a hard day. 9willow bark has winding trunks, branches and even leaves, magnificent architectonics, which makes it picturesque at any time of the year. In spring, the tree bursts into yellow-pink blooms of catkins. Recommended for park alleys or as a solitaire.
Willows in memory of Shaburov and P in memory of Mindovsky – weeping hybrids with yellow bark. Spreading tall beauties 7-10 m high. Haircut can give the crown any shape.
Waterfall is a variety of weeping willow, neatly “trimmed” by breeder A. Marchenko. Without additional care, a narrow columnar shape of the crown up to 7–12 m high is preserved. In winter, due to the color of the bark, it is yellow-red, in spring it blooms with coffee and milk earrings, and in summer it surprises with a cool, silver-blue shade of foliage.
IV Sverdlovsk weeping
IVET Memory of Shaburov
The so -called “Bamboo Group” consists of unusual decorativeness of Shaverin and Record - trees of medium height, up to 10 m, with thin direct shoots and large leaves resembling bamboo. By autumn, the length of one leaf reaches 20 cm. Good for creating gardens in oriental Japanese style. The rapid growth of the crown outstrips the growth of the stem volume. To prevent self-falling, the first 3 years should be restrained by pruning the growth of skeletal branches, crowns.
Fantasia is a medium-sized hybrid up to 9 m high, captivating with a combination of massive skeletal branches, lightness of long, falling shoots and openwork of small sickle-shaped leaves. In addition, the presence of both male and female earrings provides an incredibly beautiful spring flowering.
All known low-growing varieties of the group Sverdlovskaya Izvitistaya often outgrow the stated dimensions of 3–3.5 m to 5 m. But all varieties of this group lend themselves well to shearing and are recommended for mixed group plantings.
Small willow varieties
Weeping Gnome - this variety can be safely called a sprawling bush. The width of its crown corresponds to its height, and it grows slowly, by the age of 10 it barely reaches 3–4 m. Like all willows, it looks good near a reservoir. The compact size of the bush harmoniously fits into the space of small gardens. Pruning can keep the height of the plant in the right size. Weeping crown is decorative at any time of the year.
Globular dwarf – forms a round tree up to 3 m without shearing. Crown width no more than 1.5 m. Looks good in group plantings, as well as a border along paths or an accent plant near a pond.
A shaping haircut will make it possible to create a tree from a willow of this variety on a trunk 50–70 cm high. To do this, the stem of a young seedling must be cut to a height of 20–30 cm during planting. growth will be noticeable. After new shoots grow on the trunk, they should be shortened to the required height. Next, maintain the size of the crown with a formative spring haircut.
Mayak-2 - the variety is unique in that, having a low growth (up to 2 m), it combines high decorativeness and stable productivity, i. e. it is intended for basket weaving. Calmly reacts to the annual cut "on the stump" and in the spring pleases with new dense shoots, forming a two-meter fountain of emerald greenery by autumn. Shade-tolerant and resistant to any aggressive environmental influences (gas pollution, viral diseases, pests). Can be used for hedges and green sculptures.
Weeping Gnome willow
Globular dwarf willow
Despite the ease of caring for mature plants, planting willows requires special attention: summer age - the weeping form is lost and growth slows down;
● when planting, 10–15 cm deepening of the root collar of the seedling stimulates the formation of additional roots, which, in turn, will have a beneficial effect on the growth and wind resistance of the tree;
● young trees should be watered regularly, preventing deep drying of the soil around the trunk.
A tree that has received maximum care in the year of planting will thank the owner with a splendor of the crown and undemanding care in the subsequent years of its life. On average, willows live up to 50 years, delighting, inspiring and giving aesthetic pleasure.
Willow in landscape design
Varietal diversity allows you to create a picturesque garden from only willows. Willow can be used in hedges and even create a small architectural form in the form of a willow arbor, tent or sculpture. Low-growing shrub varieties are suitable for topiary art - curly haircuts, they can be used in border plantings and planted near artificial reservoirs. And even in winter, thanks to the beautiful shape, bright colors of the trunk and branches, willow can be very decorative.
Willow can be used in hedges and even create a small architectural form in the form of a willow arbor, tent or sculpture.
willow in the landscape
Don't be afraid to experiment by including new plants in your garden, thus giving the landscape a twist. Try to look for varieties that are bred specifically for growing in our climate zone, protecting the plant from possible health problems, as well as yourself from disappointment.
Inspiration and good luck!
ornamental trees, ornamental shrubs, garden design, willow, weeping trees, soil, fertilizers
how to plant and grow a beautiful tree in a summer cottage, reproduction and care
Planting and caring for a winding willow
In order for a spectacular tree to grow from a young seedling, it must be properly looked after. Planting and caring for willow winding is not difficult. The main requirement for the location of the willow is a place where there will be a lot of sunlight. Almost all types of willows need moisture, so it is better to plant them near water bodies.
This plant is propagated by cuttings. Let's look at how to plant it correctly.
- First you need to cut the cuttings, dig them into the ground and keep it moist.
- Willow root system is formed very quickly. And after its formation, you can transplant the stalk to a permanent place.
- Starting planting, you need to dig a hole and fertilize the soil with compost, peat or manure. In heavy soil, it is desirable to add sand.
- The cutting should be planted at a depth of 10-15 cm. In the ground, it will quickly take adventitious roots.
- The plant should be watered thoroughly until it forms a complete root system.
Willow is easy to care for. As a rule, these trees are unpretentious, do not get sick and are not affected by pests.
The main rule is that willows need moisture. This is especially true for recently transplanted plants with an unformed full-fledged root system.
Pruning is the most interesting care item for winding willows. Without it, the tree thickens very much. Therefore, at least a corrective haircut is definitely needed. With the help of pruning, you can easily adjust the shape and density of the crown to make a real masterpiece out of a winding willow.
It should be noted that in frosty winters the Matsudana willow can freeze to ground level, so the tree should be covered in winter. The Ural winding is much better able to withstand severe frosts, therefore it is more suitable for a harsh climate.
Video about wiry willow
Curly willow Sverdlovskaya is an original frost-resistant deciduous plant from the Willow family, which is the result of many years of breeding work under the guidance of the breeder scientist Veniamin Ivanovich Shaburov.
This hybrid Ural variety has been grown for more than five decades in regions with severe frosty winters and prolonged cold.
Sinuous willow not only has a high decorative effect throughout the year, but also has a large number of useful properties, and also enjoys well-deserved respect among gardeners and landscape designers.
Propagation of willow by cuttings
In the life of almost every person there are moments (curious, romantic) one way or another connected with willow. It can be a memory of fishing with friends, or a bad experience of climbing trees (willow branches are very fragile), and, of course, a bunch of "seals" - a gift to mom on March 8th.
Willow is a wonderful honey plant and medicinal plant (contains natural salicylic acid, named after the Latin name of the willow family - Salicaceae).
There are about 350 willow species in the world, including trees and shrubs. More than 20 willow species grow in central Russia, many of which are used in landscaping and protecting soil from slipping (bank protection)
Willow has not been ignored by landscape designers either: various species are used to decorate ponds, "hedges", or simply for single plantings. Willow has a great advantage over other tree crops in terms of ease of propagation. 9willow And this is so, because even a willow chubuk is able to take root, an important condition is the presence of moisture.
For single plantings with the subsequent formation of a crown, it is advisable to propagate willow with one-year-old cuttings. For "hedges" cuttings from branches older than 2 years or more are used.
Spring cuttings are the most rational, as there is no need for winter storage of cuttings. Cuttings are cut immediately before rooting, up to 30 cm long. At least 5-7 buds should be located along the length of the cutting. The upper cut is straight, the lower one is "oblique", directly under the kidney itself. Cuttings are buried in the ground by 1/3 of the length.
When propagating willow, it is necessary to take into account the increased requirements of the culture for soil moisture, preventing it from drying out. It is ideal to plant willows near wells, springs, where water is always in abundance. However, these requirements should also be taken into account when choosing a place for growing.
Autumn harvesting is carried out in the phase of physiological dormancy (after leaf fall). The shoots are folded into bundles, placed in plastic bags and stored in the basement. Shoots can also be buried in wet sand. Cuttings are cut in early spring and planted in deeply cultivated soil, leaving 1-2 buds on the surface.
After winter storage, it is desirable to treat cuttings in solutions of growth regulators, which increases the physiological activity of wood and stimulates root formation.
Rooting in water. Willow vine easily takes root when placed in water - this is another way of reproduction. The cuttings are cut in early spring, at the beginning of the swelling of the kidneys, and put in a bowl of water. To stimulate root formation in the lower part of the cuttings, notches can be made with a sharp knife, slightly damaging the bark. After the roots appear, the cutting is planted in nutrient soil, and if possible, immediately in a permanent place.
The degree of care depends on the type of willow, planting site and climate. But basically it all comes down to two actions:
If the summer is dry, spare no water to water the willow. We drink ours every season, even if it's not very hot. Sometimes with buckets, and sometimes we just throw a hose under it for a while. And it feels great! Even in nature, willows grow best along rivers and reservoirs. They are not afraid of small floods in the spring. It is a pity that summer photos of our willow were not preserved ...
This applies only to ornamental stunted willows. Haircut gives these trees a special flavor.
Shearing gives these trees a special flavor
And if not shearing, then why plant ornamental varieties? So do not be lazy to form a crown. The branches are thin, there will be no special problems with a haircut. But I prefer regular willows. They are also very different. This is what we'll talk about next.
In nature, it can be found in Central Europe and Central Asia. This type of weeping willow tree is large, growing up to 10 meters in height. The shape of the purple willow can be different - dome-shaped, funnel-shaped, umbrella-shaped. Densely growing shoots take root easily. The narrowly lanceolate leaves are green above and bluish below. In autumn they turn yellow.
Reddish and slightly crooked flowers with a pleasant fragrance. Then, as the plant grows, they turn yellow. The root system is quite deep. Purple willow is hardy and tolerates pruning well.
Propagation of willow by cuttings, cultivation and care of seedlings
Baskets and furniture are woven from willow vines, used in children's art classes. In landscape design, willow is used to decorate a reservoir, in group and single planting, near a gazebo or a playground, so that a large crown forms a good shadow, by propagating willow, you can create a beautiful hedge from shrub species (purple, Caspian) or plant simply to strengthen the slope. Fallen healthy foliage can improve the composition of the soil.
Among the most popular are silver willow 10-12 m high, weeping - 5-7 m, spherical - up to 7 m, Ural twisted - up to 3.5 m, Hakuro-Nishiki 1-1.5 m, purple - 2- 2.5 m.
Willow is planted and propagated by cuttings taken from annual shoots (this is the easiest way), since the percentage of seed germination is not high.
Planting a cutting
In the spring, cut the cuttings 3-5 cm in the part closest to the trunk. Plant the stalk in a box with sand so that no more than 1 cm is visible on the surface. Moisten, cover with transparent glass or film and root in a warm place (+ 20 ° C) for 3-4 weeks. Moisten and ventilate the plantings during this period. Next, transplant the cuttings into peat-humus pots for 1.5 months.
Transplanting willow cuttings to a permanent place
Willow cuttings can be transplanted to a permanent place at any time until October, they will easily endure this procedure.
Dig a hole 50x50 cm deep and 50 cm wide, mix the soil with rotted compost and peat in equal amounts and fill the hole 2/3 with the resulting soil. Willow prefers light loam. Plant the cutting without removing it from the pot if it is peat-humus and with an earthen lump if it is a plastic cup. Fill with soil and water. Now, during the year, the willow must be watered based on the calculation of 20 liters of water per plant 1 time in 10-14 days. More often in dry weather. If you plant a willow near a reservoir, well or spring, then this problem will be partially solved.
To create a hedge along the garden path, plant willow trees on both sides, keeping a distance of 1.5-2 m between planting pits, and at a height of 2.5-3 m, twist the branches together, thus making a living tunnel or just an arch.
Willow is a drought tolerant tree, so water it sparingly. As a top dressing, use organic matter along with complex mineral fertilizer for digging the trunk circle. For one plant, a bucket of organic fertilizer and 30-40 g of mineral fertilizer. Such top dressing is enough 1 time in spring or autumn.
Formation of willow can be started from the age of 3-4 years, when the tree has already grown the ground part. It is not worth abandoning pruning altogether, as the plant runs wild and the branches become sparse. All shoots are cut off in the spring by an average of 20-30 cm, then the crown becomes denser and acquires beautiful outlines.
Quite often, during the rainy period, willow spots appear on the foliage, this can be corrected by spraying with Oxychom or HOM.
For the winter (October-November) wild shoots are removed and covered.
Propagation of willow
The easiest way to propagate willow is cuttings, and the best time to do this is in the spring so you don't have to think about storing cuttings. This is a plant that they say “Put a branch in and it will take root”, the main thing is that it should be about 30 cm long with 5-7 buds. Make the lower cut oblique, under the kidney and deepen by 1/3.
If there is a place to store cuttings, then harvesting of shoots can be carried out in the fall, after leaf fall. In the spring, cut the cuttings, process in a growth stimulator and plant, leaving 2 buds above the soil surface. The five-starred and ashy willow responds poorly to cuttings.
Willow can be propagated by seeds that ripen a month after flowering and remain viable for only a few days, which is not very convenient and rational.
Weeping willow species
There are more than 600 species of willow in nature. They grow everywhere, they are found even in the tundra and the Arctic.
Weeping willow grows up to 25-30 meters and can live up to 100 years. The trunk of the tree is powerful, covered with gray bark. The crown is wide and spreading. The leaves have a dark green tint, on the underside they are lighter and seem to be covered with a whitish fluff.
Weeping willow species amaze with their splendor and diversity. Here are just the most popular of them:
- White willow. The highest (its height is 25-27 meters) and unpretentious appearance. It is named so in connection with the silvery color of the leaves. It tolerates frost well and can grow in shady areas. It looks great among trees with dark green foliage and will serve as an ideal background for red-leaved trees.
Goat willow (bredana). In the spring, when flowering, fluffy flowers bloom on the shoots of this species, and the goat willow looks like a huge dandelion. Such a weeping willow is planted in a summer cottage in group plantings, although it looks more effective in combination with plants of excellent foliage color.
Willow. Large tree (up to 8 meters) with a large number of branches. When flowering, small cylindrical earrings (up to 6 cm) are formed on the branches, and the shrub becomes fluffy during this period.
Willow is the most beautiful. Distinguished from other willows by shiny brown stems. This type of weeping willow is valued for good rooting of cuttings and for how fast it grows (it takes no more than 2 years to grow).
Babylon willow. The tree grows no more than 15 meters in height with a crown of up to 9meters in diameter. It grows quickly, looks effective in group plantings near water bodies.
Secrets of growing weeping willow
Weeping willow requires minimal care, so growing it in your summer cottage will not cause much trouble.
Watering and fertilizing
Since the tree is very fond of moisture, it needs to be watered frequently and plentifully. One plant needs 20 liters of water once a week. With a long absence of precipitation, the volume is at least doubled. Watering is best done in the morning, when the sun has not reached its peak, or in the evening. It is necessary to moisten not only the roots, but also the green part of the willow.
The tree is fertilized 4 times a year. Before the buds ripen, the soil around the trunk is loosened and covered with a layer of peat mulch. Top dressing with complex fertilizers is carried out 2-3 times until July. At the end of August, the soil is fed with potassium-phosphorus compounds (superphosphate, potassium sulfate).
Pruning and crown shaping
Weeping willow pruning starts 2-3 years after planting. The formation of the crown is best done in the spring, when the tree has faded. The branches of a young plant are shortened by 10–20 cm, which contributes to the formation of a denser green part. In an adult tree, long branches are cut at a level of 2 m from the surface. Such a haircut allows you to give the willow the desired shape, which can be spherical, umbrella or rectangular.
Sanitary pruning is carried out in early spring, before the start of the growing season. Dry or damaged parts of the plant are to be removed.
Candelabra pruning scheme for weeping tree species
Disease and pest control
The plant is very resistant to various diseases, but some of them can still affect the bush. These include:
- powdery mildew;
With powdery mildew, a white coating appears on the leaves on the plant. Bushes are treated with fungicides. When the weather is too wet, the leaves begin to turn black, and then they die off completely. These are the first signs of scab disease. The affected areas of the plant are removed, and the shrub is treated with a fungicide.
Rust is a fungal leaf disease. It can be identified by the appearance of red spots. The affected parts of the plant are removed and must be burned. Of the pests, it is worth noting the willow volnyanka, leaf beetle and silkworm. Butterfly caterpillars eat the leaves of the bush. To combat them, spraying with insecticides is carried out.
Leaf beetles also eat leaves. For the winter, these beetles burrow into the ground near the plants. Therefore, it is recommended to make burns from straw and old leaves in these places. Silkworm butterflies lay their eggs on the leaves of bushes. Appeared caterpillars destroy all green shoots. To combat them, it is recommended to attract sparrows and bats or to collect the pest manually. With good care, willow grows into a very beautiful, ornamental shrub that can be used as a hedge or to strengthen the banks of a reservoir. It will decorate any area.
Weeping stem-shaped variety Armando is grown in nurseries. In spring, the fluffy inflorescences of this variety are silver-pink woolly scales that look great. Then, when yellow anthers are already formed, the willow becomes different. A feature in the care of this plant is that after flowering, the shrub must be severely cut off for the appearance of young shoots.
The leaves of "Armando" are green, shiny, gray-green on the underside, but sometimes they are also found with a blue tint. Round, small, few yellow inflorescences appear on the bush before the leaves bloom. This variety of weeping willow (the photo is presented in the article) is suitable for growing both in the garden and on the balcony in a container.
In the standard form there is a creeping form of Argentea. This is a tiny, very beautiful weeping tree.
Species and varieties
Among the weeping varieties, goat willow stands out. It is also customary to call her just a rakita. All year round, such a culture looks attractive. Most often, a goat tree is 3-10 m high, it has a very developed root complex. The life span usually varies between 30-40 years, but some specimens live over 120-140 years.
Popular variety "Pendula". This is a relatively low (up to 3 m) tree with an extended crown. It is not recommended to count on a lifespan of more than 30 years. "Pendula" needs active watering and can settle on almost any, at least minimally favorable, soil. Such plants are perfectly perceived both individually and in small groups.
Even smaller is the Kilmarnock goat willow. It does not rise to more than 1.5 m. The plant is photophilous. Like the previous variety, it grows calmly on any soil
Important: the difference is that this plant does not tolerate too active irrigation
It is characterized by:
- height - from 20 to 25 m;
- powerful stem development;
- exposure of old shoots;
- development of flower catkins at the same time as leaves;
- rooting up to 100% of cuttings without treatment.
Other notable species:
Diseases and pests
Willow, like any other plant, is subject to attack by pests and various pathogenic bacteria. The most common willow diseases are:
willow scab. A fungal disease that affects the leaves. In the presence of the disease, the leaves and young shoots immediately begin to turn black;
leaf spot. It is subdivided into black, brown and brown spotting. With a disease, spots of a characteristic color appear on the leaves;
powdery mildew. This disease is common not only among willows, but also among other plants. Signs - the appearance of white plaque on the leaves and stems. The causative agent of this disease is also a fungus. Most often it can be found on willow in summer. It is incredibly difficult to cure an advanced form of the disease, so it is better not to bring it to this;
cortical necrosis. One of the worst diseases. Most often it affects young trees. In 95% of cases, willow does not respond to treatment and dies
Only an unhealthy plant can get sick with necrosis, which is why it is so important to monitor the health of the willow from the very planting;
crown gall Protective response of a tree to fungal diseases
Appears as a huge growth on the bark of a tree and resembles an abscess. If you notice only a few formations on a tree, then this is not scary and you can quickly get rid of them. The tree trunk must not be allowed to be swallowed up by such growths;
white heart-shaped trunk rot. This disease is almost impossible to diagnose in time, because the focus is located in the very center of the trunk. A characteristic sign of the disease is rotten areas of the hollow, which become noticeable too late, the tree can no longer be saved.
Pests such as spider mites, willow leaf beetles, common willow aphids and others also haunt the tree from time to time. How to deal with diseases and pests?
The best defense is to remove the danger early. In order to prevent the willow from being attacked by pests or getting sick, it is recommended to systematically carry out the following procedures:
- Inspect the plant for harmful insects and rodents. If necessary, persecute them;
- Inspect willow for yellow leaves or mold. Sick leaves should be removed immediately and the focus of infection should be found;
- Twice a year, the willow should be treated with a special 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture or copper sulphate. This will help not only save the tree, but completely protect it from all problems.
White willow, weeping form
Reaching a height of 5-7 m, this shrub stands out with a decorative crown that falls in cascades. It is also distinguished by long branches that reach almost the very surface of the earth. Can grow on almost any soil, resistant to negative temperatures, responsive to moisture. It can grow even in a shaded area, but the lack of sunlight negatively affects the density and decorativeness of the crown.
Weeping willow looks spectacular not only as a separately planted shrub, but also as part of a group of trees, especially if they are planted along the banks of water bodies. It can form an excellent composition together with other decorative deciduous shrubs and low conifers - juniper, cypress, thuja.
Goat willow, weeping form
In spring, when the tree begins to bloom, fluffy flowers open on the shoots, as a result, the willow begins to resemble large dandelions. In this plant, vertical growth is usually not observed, the excess in height of the bole is no more than 30-40 cm. Usually used in group plantings. However, this shrub takes on a showy look when paired with plants that have a distinct shade of foliage, or when planted near curves in garden paths.
The care of this species is similar to that of any standard grafted plant. A mandatory event for her is the pruning of wild growth, which regularly appears on the column under the vaccination site. If this is not done, then the grafted part may subsequently die. Considering that this variety of willow is not among the cold-resistant ones, it is recommended to choose places for its planting that have good lighting and are protected from the wind.
When growing in the northern suburbs of Moscow, it is recommended to prepare the grafted part of the seedling for wintering. To do this, it is wrapped with non-woven material in several layers, for example, spunbond. When growing standard plants, care must be taken to maintain their verticality: for this, three stakes are driven into the ground nearby and a plant is tied to it.
This variety of willow has another name, which is related to its resemblance to hemp leaves. When it begins to bloom, small cylindrical earrings up to 6 cm long are formed. At this stage of the life cycle, the shrub becomes very fluffy, remaining so for 6-13 days.
During the season it rapidly gains green mass, but the life cycle does not exceed 30 years, after which it dies off. Being very resistant to negative temperatures, this type of willow can withstand transplanting, pruning and feel good in the city. Can grow even on infertile soils. Thanks to the cuttings, it can form fairly large thickets.
Diseases and pests
Methods of struggle:
- timely removal of shrunken branches;
- sectioning and wound care;
- arrangement of seals in hollows;
- removal of fungal fruiting bodies
- to protect against this disease, spray willow with fungicides immediately after the leaves appear;
- after 10 days repeat the treatment
Methods of struggle:
taking into account the fact that pathogens penetrate only into the damaged bark, it is necessary to monitor the health of the plant, trying to prevent mechanical damage, and also take timely measures to heal when wounds and damage are detected
Methods of control:
- attract insectivorous birds to destroy this pest;
- if more than 10% of leaves are affected, spray with insecticide
Methods of struggle:
- after cutting the twigs, spread them between the trees in autumn. cover with straw and set on fire;
- use track glue traps in summer;
- for mass infestation, use intestinal insecticides
Methods of struggle:
- timely remove damaged branches;
- mechanical harvesting of adult leafhoppers using canvas coated with caterpillar glue or tar
How to take care of weeping willow
In order for willow to grow quickly and look graceful, you need to know the intricacies of growing and caring for these plants. More attention should be paid to the care of weeping willow in the first time after planting.
Since willow is a moisture-loving plant, it needs frequent watering and regular spraying.
In the first years, young trees grow rapidly, giving an increase of up to 3 meters per year. Therefore, during this period, they need to be watered 2-5 buckets per unit (the tree will absorb as much as it needs). Water the willow either early in the morning or in the evening, after sunset.
Water must be poured not only under the root, but also on the crown.
Top dressing must be carried out in spring or autumn, while digging up the trunk circle.
Any fertilizer (mineral and organic) is suitable for weeping willows. Their introduction throughout the season guarantees the health of the plant and a chic look. In spring and summer, complex top dressing is applied, and in August - superphosphate and potassium sulfate. The amount of fertilizer depends on the age of the plant.
In spring, it is advisable to loosen the soil near the tree and add mineral supplements. In autumn, fallen leaves and wild growth are removed from the site, and varieties that are not resistant to frost are covered in October-November.
Shearing and crown shaping
If the weeping willow is not cut in time, the crown will naturally form - the branches will grow chaotically, and the tree will lose its decorative effect. Therefore, a haircut is a must. After pruning, you can get willows of extraordinary shape and beauty.
In the first years of life (up to 5 years), the plant does not need a haircut.
Willows are usually sheared in the spring, but can also be done in the summer. The tips of the branches are shortened by 30-35 cm. The cut is performed directly above the kidney directed upwards.
Willow is very undemanding to soils. However, it grows best on light to medium loam, especially if it is remembered to feed it with organic matter. It easily tolerates the close occurrence of groundwater.
Planting a willow
To plant a shrub willow seedling, dig a hole 50x50 cm, for tall trees of slightly larger sizes - 60x60 cm and a depth of 40 cm. (When planting large plants with a large clod of earth, the pit should be 40-50 cm wider than the clod , and the depth is 30-40 cm more). Fill it with soil mixture (from 1/3 to 1/2 of the volume of the pit), which will consist of soil, compost or quail manure and peat (1: 1: 1).
If the soil is heavy, sand is added to the soil (up to 20%). In addition, for willow it is necessary to apply complex mineral fertilizers, for example, azofoska (150-200 g). Mix the soil mixture in the pit well. When planting a hedge or a dense alley, it is advisable to dig a trench 40-50 cm wide and 40 cm deep.
Willow with a closed root system easily takes root at any time - from April to October (the main thing is that the clod and roots are not overdried). But plants with open roots are best planted in early spring, before bud break, or in September, with the beginning of leaf fall. When planting in autumn, the leaves of the seedling must be removed. Low-winter-hardy species and varieties should not be planted in the winter, as their immature roots and shoots can die from frost before they have time to develop.
Weeping form of Salix × sepulcralis. jdforrester
Care of willow
Willow in the first season after planting needs abundant watering: 20-50 liters of water (depending on the size of the plant) every two weeks and every week during the dry season. Then moderate irrigation will be enough for her. Shrub species that form a hedge should be cut once or twice a season (spring and mid-summer).
As for top dressing, during spring and summer, complex fertilizers are applied two or three times, and at the end of August - superphosphate and potassium sulfate. In rainy years, gray and black spots often appear on willow leaves, similar to a dirty coating. To return the tree to its original beauty, it is necessary to spray it with copper oxychloride (HOM) or oxychome.
In autumn it is advisable to remove fallen leaves from the plot. Grafted trees in summer or autumn must be freed from wild growth. We must not forget about the shelter of non-hardy varieties. Do this in October - early November.
Weeping willow. Darren Larson
Optimal timing for cuttings of fir
Preparation of cuttings begins in early spring or already in autumn. You can also carry out the procedure at the beginning or end of summer. The most optimal time for preparing planting material is spring, when active sap flow has not yet begun. For the southern regions, this is March, for a colder climate, you should wait until April. Cuttings are cut in the morning or on a cloudy, but not rainy day. Do not do this in direct sunlight. When preparing planting material in the spring, the shoots will take root in the current year.
It is permissible to carry out cuttings in June, when the plant is developing intensively. But in this case, a full-fledged root system will develop only next year. In the current season, only callus is formed.
Important! Callus is a connective tissue that grows around a wound to protect it from external influences. If time is lost at the beginning of summer, then cuttings can be prepared in August
During this period, they slow down their growth, and desalination begins. Winter cuttings are harvested until November
If time is lost at the beginning of summer, then cuttings can be prepared in August. During this period, they slow down their growth, and desalination begins. Until November, winter cuttings are harvested.
When harvesting shoots in summer and spring, they are rooted immediately, and when harvested in autumn, they are stored in a cool, ventilated room until the next season. The temperature for cuttings should be maintained at a level of up to + 5 ° C. Such conditions can be created by placing the planting material in containers and putting them in the refrigerator. Next season, it will already be possible to grow a fir from a cutting.
Planting and care
Wild willow, found in river banks, water meadows, prefers well-drained soil. Garden planting of Hakuro Nishiki willow should be carried out with this requirement in mind.
Whole-leaved willow Hakuro Nishiki should plant on his plot based on the following recommendations:
Whole-leaved willow does not require strict planting rules, but some nuances should still be taken into account:
- Seedlings are transplanted into the ground towards the end of spring (April-May). Before this, the root system must be kept in water for several hours. It will not be superfluous to add a root-forming stimulant.
- The planting hole should be dug to a depth of 40-60 cm and the same width.
- The gap between seedlings should be 1-2 m, based on the design of the future landscape.
- A drainage layer must be filled at the bottom of the planting pit, it is also recommended to enrich the soil with fertilizers, for example, humus or compost.
- The prepared willow of Hakuro Nishiki is placed in the center of the pit, the root system is straightened and the prepared soil is poured on top. A mixture of leafy soil with peat and sand is best suited for these purposes. The near-stem circle needs to be compacted, and then ensure abundant watering.
- The trunk circle is mulched from above (layer thickness is about 5-10 cm), which guarantees better survival. It also needs to be periodically loosened so that the roots are well ventilated.
Whole-leaved willow Hakuro Nishiki is not particularly whimsical. Plant care comes down to regular watering, especially in the first years of life or during periods of drought. It is also necessary to periodically apply fertilizers (optimally 2-3 times per season - in spring, summer and early autumn).
Salix integra Hakuro Nishiki should be trimmed regularly, otherwise, instead of a neat shrub or trunk, you will get only a chaotic pile of shoots sticking out in all directions. Willow of this variety grows rapidly, it is quite easy to give shape to the crown, so even inexperienced gardeners should not have any difficulties.
Dried, damaged or infested shoots are removed towards the end of autumn. The shaping of the crown is carried out in early spring. No need to be afraid to cut the branches, forming a crown, pruning will stimulate the growth of new shoots, on which leaves of a pale pink color will grow.
Pruning is reminiscent of trimming a barberry shrub: 4-6 buds are left on the shoot, adding one more to them in subsequent years. All excess shoots are also cut off on the trunk so that the trunk is clearly visible.
Japanese willow is a hardy crop, but it is still worth taking care of winter shelter. This is especially true for seedlings and young plants. The winter hardiness of the plant is average, for regions with cold, but little snowy winters, it is best to choose an option in the form of a trunk for planting, and a shrub variety, which is characterized by increased resistance to cold.