How to take care of a potted meyer lemon tree
Meyer Lemon Tree Care & Growing Guide
Growing Meyer lemon trees (Citrus × meyeri) in garden pots or the ground is a rewarding experience. Not only are they prolific fruit producers, but their showy white blossoms are incredibly fragrant and beautiful, with shiny, dark foliage that adds additional interest.
Learn How to Easily Grow Meyer Lemon Trees in Pots
Native to China, Meyer lemon trees are naturally shrub-like but can easily be pruned into true tree form. When planted in the ground, they can grow up to 10 feet tall, though when grown in garden pots they'll generally be smaller and grow accordingly with the size of the pot. Seedlings develop at a moderate pace, bearing fruit in about four years. These trees are best planted in the early spring after the danger of frost has passed. They need warm conditions year-round to produce a good harvest, or they will need to be overwintered indoors.
Similar to other citrus fruits, the fruit's skin and plant materials are toxic to dogs and cats.
What Are Meyer Lemons?
Unlike the more common Eureka and Lisbon lemons, the Meyer is actually a hybrid fruit, probably a cross between a lemon and a mandarin orange. It was brought to the U.S. in 1908 by agricultural explorer Frank Meyer. While the original hybrid from China proved to be highly susceptible to viral disease, today's form, released by the University of California in 1975, is a much improved plant. The Meyer lemon fruit is sweeter than the fruit of other lemon trees, and even the peels are tasty and great for cooking. They are also smaller and have a rounder shape. It is a self-pollinating tree, meaning you need only one tree in order to produce fruit.
|Common Name||Meyer lemon|
|Botanical Name||Citrus x meyeri|
|Plant Type||Tree, shrub|
|Mature Size||6–10 ft. tall, 4–8 ft. wide|
|Sun Exposure||Full, partial|
|Soil Type||Sandy, well-draining|
|Soil pH||Neutral, acidic|
|Bloom Time||Fall, spring|
|Hardiness Zones||9–11 (USDA)|
|Toxicity||Toxic to pets|
Meyer Lemon Tree Care
Meyer lemon tree care is an easy matter in warm climates like Florida or California, where they’re popular as low-maintenance container-grown plants both outdoors and inside. They are slightly more cold-tolerant than Eureka and Lisbon lemon trees but still need a sheltered and sunny position to thrive.
These trees don't do well in saturated conditions, so pick a spot that has excellent drainage. If you are concerned about standing water, build up a wide mound of soil to plant your tree on or position it on a slope.The Spruce / Sydney Brown The Spruce / Sydney Brown
The Spruce / Sydney BrownThe Spruce / Sydney Brown
All citrus trees love the sun, and the Meyer lemon tree is no different. It will grow and fruit best when located in full sunlight, though it can survive in a slightly shady spot. This tree prefers at least eight hours a day of direct light.
Meyer lemon trees can grow in almost any type of soil, as long as it boasts good drainage. They prefer an acidic soil pH between 5.5 and 6.5 and thrive in a loamy or sandy mixture. It's a good idea to test your soil ahead of planting to determine whether or not it needs adjusting. You can add lime to increase the soil pH or sulfur to lower it, if necessary.
Proper watering is one of the keys to growing any citrus plant, particularly those grown in pots. The aim is to keep the soil of your Meyer lemon tree moist but not soggy. To determine whether it's time to water your plant, stick your finger into the soil at least up to the second knuckle. If you feel dampness at your fingertip, wait to water. If it feels dry, water your plant until you see water run out the bottom of the pot.
If your Meyer lemon tree is indoors, particularly in the winter when the heat is on, misting the leaves with water can also help keep it healthy. It's a good idea to use pot feet, which allow water to drain out of the pot and prevent the plant from becoming waterlogged.
Temperature and Humidity
Meyer lemon trees are happiest in temperatures between 50 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. That means that, unless you live in USDA growing zones 9 to 11, you should bring your tree indoors when temperatures start regularly dipping below this range. Even in zones 9 to 11, the tree should be protected when temperatures drop below freezing. Be sure to use a covering that reaches all the way to the ground to help trap the heat from the earth.
Citrus trees do best with humidity levels of 50 percent and above. If you don't have a humid enough spot indoors, fill a tray with rocks, pour water just below the top of the rocks, and place your pot on top of the rocks so that humidity will rise up around the plant. You can also consider placing a small humidifier nearby.
During the growing season (early spring through fall), feed your Meyer lemon tree with either a high-nitrogen fertilizer or a slow-release all-purpose fertilizer. Typically three applications evenly-spaced throughout the growing season should be enough to keep your plant happy, growing, and producing. Citrus trees also respond well to additional feeding with a liquid fertilizer, such as compost tea, liquid kelp, or fish emulsion, but it is generally not necessary.
The common practice of feeding lemon trees with leftover coffee grounds does serve to acidify soils that are too alkaline, as well as provide some minimal nutrients. However, to be effective, the coffee grounds should be well-composted—not dumped fresh from your coffee maker onto the soil around the plant. Uncomposted coffee grounds contain too much caffeine, which can harm trees.
Pruning Meyer Lemon Trees
How you prune your Meyer lemon tree is up to you, as the tree's general shape has no bearing on its ability to produce fruit. Many gardeners prefer to prune the tree so that it has an exposed trunk and traditional shape, while others opt for a hedge-like style.
Either way, wait until the tree is between 3 and 4 feet tall before pruning. The majority of the fruit ripens in the winter, so you should wait until that process is complete before pruning. Beginning at the base, prune off any dead or dying branches, as well as any long, thin stems (which generally aren't strong enough to hold fruit). From there, you can go ahead and prune any branches that are impeding the growth of others or blocking the plant from having ample airflow.
Propagating Meyer Lemon Trees
Lemon trees are easier to propagate than some other citrus varieties. This can be done using semi-hardwood cuttings at any time of the year, but the process is most likely to succeed if the cutting is taken when the tree is in active growth. This means late spring or early summer cuttings are recommended. The cutting should be from healthy, new growth, and it shouldn't have any flowers or fruit on it. Here's how to root a new Meyer lemon tree from a cutting:
- Take a cutting from a mature and disease-free mother plant, ensuring the segment is at least 3 to 6 inches long.
- Remove all leaves, flowers, or fruit from the cutting, except for the top four leaves on the wood.
- Dip the cut end of the branch in a rooting hormone powder to protect against rot or disease.
- In a medium-sized pot (about 1 gallon), place a high-quality potting mix that has been thoroughly watered.
- Place the cutting into the soil mixture, making sure the cut end of the brand is buried into the soil.
- Cover the entire pot and cutting with a plastic bag to preserve moisture and set out in a brightly lit location. Keep the soil moist (but not soggy) and mist the cutting occasionally until it develops new roots (which typically happens in two months' time).
- Once roots are established, remove the plastic covering and care for your plant normally, keeping it indoors or in a sheltered location until the following spring.
Potting and Repotting Meyer Lemon Trees
When potting a Meyer lemon tree (or repotting a tree that has become too large for its container), choose a five-gallon or larger container that is at least 12 to 15 inches in height. Make sure the container has ample drainage holes.
Fill the pot partway with a potting mixture (ideally one made for citrus trees), remove the tree from its original container, and fluff the roots if they are matted. Place the tree in the center of the pot, and fill in the gaps with the potting mixture just to where the crown of the roots is still visible. Press down the soil, and water the tree immediately. Pot-grown trees will require more frequent watering than their in-ground counterparts.
Harvesting Meyer Lemons
Lemon trees grown indoors usually fruit only in the spring, while outdoor trees in warm climates will typically fruit year-round. Because citrus fruit will only continue to ripen while still on the tree, make sure to wait for your Meyer lemons to be ripe before picking.
When ripe, Meyer lemons will be an egg yolk yellow color and slightly soft to the touch. Use a knife or scissors to cut the fruit from the branch so you don't risk damaging the plant by pulling off pieces that are larger than intended.
Common Pests and Plant Diseases
Meyer lemon trees—and citrus trees in general—are typical targets for a variety of pests, including whiteflies, rust mites, mealybugs, aphids, and scale. While established adult trees usually can withstand an infestation or two, smaller, more vulnerable trees can be decimated by any one of these issues. Signs of pest issues will typically appear on the undersides of leaves or on the fruit.
To control and eliminate pests issues, begin by pruning away any dead, unhealthy, or infected areas of the tree. Treat the plant by spraying it with horticultural oil, like neem oil, diluted significantly, reapplying frequently until all signs of infection have ceased.
How to Get Meyer Lemon Trees to Bloom
Though not prized for its flowers, getting your Meyer lemon tree to bloom is still incredibly important, as that's how the tree produces fruit. Meyer lemon trees do not flower for the first few years of their life, so you can start keeping an eye out for blooms around the third or fourth year. The most essential component in a blooming Meyer lemon tree is abundant light—all citrus trees need a lot of light to bloom and simply will not do so without getting at least eight hours a day. If you don't have one location in your lawn that gets that much light, consider potting your lemon tree (versus planting it in the ground) so you can move it around and "chase" the light throughout the day.
If your Meyer lemon tree is getting plenty of light but still not blooming, it's time to look to your fertilizing schedule. Fertilize your tree once a month, but no more—trees that are fertilized too much have just as hard of a time blooming as ones that are not getting fed frequently enough. Choose a fertilizer that is specifically formulated for citrus trees.
Additionally, the temperature is fairly important when it comes to getting your Meyer lemon tree to bloom. Your plant will need a brief period of cooler temperatures (around 60 degrees Fahrenheit) during the winter and early spring in order to be encouraged to bloom.
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Growing a Meyer Lemon Tree in a Pot
Today I’m talking all about Meyer lemon tree care, including the best potting soil for meyer lemon trees in containers and all of the information you need to help your Meyer lemon tree thrive in a container—indoors or outdoors!Meyer lemon tree care: Growing a Meyer lemon tree in a pot
Growing a Meyer lemon tree in our garden is something I wanted to do last year, but by the time I got around to looking for one, I couldn’t find one for a reasonable price. So this year I picked one up early in early April as soon as I saw it at our local nursery. It was a little expensive—about $40—but I am invested this year!
So I spent a lot of time researching Meyer lemon tree care, particularly how to grow a meyer lemon tree in a pot or large container. We didn’t want to put our lemon tree in our raised beds or in the ground because it gets pretty cold here in the winter. So I’m going to try to keep it going through the winter inside.
But I’m getting ahead of myself here and will update you on that part in the future. For now, let’s focus on Meyer lemon tree care in containers outdoors, including the soil, water, and sun this plant needs, as well as how to overwinter it indoors.What is a Meyer lemon tree?
Meyer lemons are hybrid citrus fruits native to China. They are hybrids of a citron and a mandarin/pomelo, giving them a sweeter flavor. Though I do love the sour taste of a true lemon, Meyer lemons are rounder than regular lemons and are a bit of a deeper yellow.
Even before they’ve grown lemons, they have beautiful dark green leaves and flowers, making them lovely accent plants for any landscape. This is especially good since you likely won’t get that lovely deep yellow for a few years.
The acidity levels of Meyer lemons gives them the ability to be used as antibacterial/antiseptic cleaners. Is that why so many hand soaps have Meyer lemon in them? Who knows—for the record, I don’t recommend using lemons to sanitize. I prefer the good stuff, especially these days 😉How large does this plant get?
These plants can grow up to 10 feet tall when they are mature and up to 12 feet wide (really?!). Given their compact size and good looks, they are a very popular ornamental plant—even a houseplant for some areas—in containers.
They probably won’t grow as large in a pot, but they can still do quite well and bear fruit. In fact, since it’s naturally a smaller fruit tree, they can produce fruit quite prolifically even while remaining on the smaller side.How much light does a Meyer lemon tree need?
A lot. Meyer lemon trees enjoy a lot of sun—full sun. Typically 8–12 hours a day of light, so about a half day of sun. After all, even though they aren’t true lemons, they are citrus trees. Citrus trees thrive with a lot of light, so we’ve got ours in a large pot in a spot in our yard that gets the most sun.
Like a lot of plants, however, you don’t want too much sun. This can burn the leaves, but we don’t really have to worry about that in Maryland. Even after the hottest, sunniest days, plants can typically rebound quickly with a bit of water and a cooler evening.
If you are over-wintering a Meyer lemon tree indoors, you can keep the plant alive in as low as bright, indirect light. This means by a bright window. We’ll see how this works out for us. I’d imagine it also depends on the other conditions in the home and the health of the plant.
If you don’t get enough light, a grow light would likely be necessary to help get your plant through the winter. Our days are fairly short here in the winter, so I have a few little grow lights to help my light-loving plants out in the off season. But like a lot of plants that thrive outdoors, it’s a lot about keeping it alive indoors until the spring.What is the best potting soil for Meyer lemon trees?
You can plant your Meyer lemon tree in any high-quality potting soil. It generally will thrive in a sandy soil or a soil with a slightly higher acidity, so you can add an acid-increaser to the soil. It does well in sandy soils since they help with drainage—they do best in well-draining soils.How much water does a Meyer lemon tree need outdoors?
Meyer lemon trees like to have their soil moist but not sopping wet. We plan to just keep our plant watered daily during the full summer heat, letting rain water it when we can. Even if plants get a lot of water, summer heat dries out containers really quickly, so they won’t stay sopping wet for long if they have drainage holes. Don’t overthink it—unless you are watering your lemon tree indoors. More on that later.
As for fertilizer, you should feed your Meyer lemon plant spring to fall with a high nitrogen or slow-release general fertilizer. These plants are heavy feeders and should be fertilized every month or so while they are actively growing. You can also use a fertilizer specifically designed for citrus plants.Temperature and humidity needs
Like a lot of plants, Meyer lemon trees thrive in temperatures between 50 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. That means that you can’t overwinter them outdoors unless you live in USDA zones 9 through 11.
We’re in zone 7, so even though we got our plant in early April, we had to drag the huge pot indoors in early May when we had a few nights of freak freezing weather. However, we did leave it outdoors during the 40s for a few nights, and it was totally fine.
These plants like higher humidity, which is great for us in Maryland since it gets HU-MID here. Not exactly like Florida levels of humidity, but we get some solid humidity from late spring all the way into early fall. However, this plant is pretty tolerant of different humidity levels, so if you’re in an area with lower humidity, you can likely still have success.Pruning your plant: Tree or bush?
Meyer plants can be in a bush or tree form—like a lot of plants. Naturally they are more like bushes, but you can prune them into a tree form. You can use gardening shears to cut longer branches that don’t fit into your space and encourage stronger and upward growth.
You might notice that newer branches on your plant have thorns. This is a natural protection of the younger branches. The thorns will disappear and turn into branches as time passes. Isn’t nature cool? If our plant continues to thrive, I’m not sure how we’ll prune it. Thinking tree might be a bit easier to manage, and I like the look of Meyer lemon trees.What size container should you use for a Meyer lemon tree?
We potted our plant in the largest container we had because we wanted it to have plenty of space to grow! Typically you should repot your Meyer lemon plant in a larger container that is about 5 gallons and at least 1 foot tall with good drainage. I filled our pot about 60% of the way with soil and set the plant down in the pot, gently patting the soil down into the pot to support the plant.Meyer lemon tree indoor care tips
Meyer lemon trees are some of the easiest citrus plants to grow indoors. Like growing these plants outdoors, the best pot size for them is a 5-ish gallon pot with well-draining soil. A good well-draining soil mix for indoor plants can be made out of a third indoor potting soil, a third moss, and a third perlite or sand.
If you’re moving your tree indoors for the winter after being outdoors basking in the sun all summer, the best time to move it is before it gets too cold at night. If you move it when the temperature outdoors is roughly the same as the temperature indoors, it won’t experience as much of a shock. It’s also best to place the plant outdoors in a covered area (or the garage) for a week or so before moving it indoors to help with the acclimation.
Light is typically the biggest barrier to growing your Meyer lemon tree indoors since the plant does like bright light. However, if you’re in a climate where you can’t keep your tree outdoors through the winter, you’ll need to move it indoors at some point. A window facing south that gets as much light as possible is the best—but you might need to add a grow light.Growing a Meyer lemon tree indoors
Since light is such a struggle indoors, if you have your plant by a window, you should turn the pot every few weeks to ensure the tree is growing evenly. Otherwise it will begin to grow lopsided as it reaches for the light. (This is true of many indoor plants!) If your tree begins to flower indoors, you can wipe the pollen from the flowers to others.
Humidity indoors over the winter can be problematic for a lot of plants. Misting the leaves of your Meyer lemon tree throughout the winter can help keep humidity levels up and keep the plant happy. Especially if your plant is near a heat register. Another option to keep humidity levels up for your plant is to set your potted plant on top of a tray of rocks with water. The water will help to keep the air moist.
Want more good plant stuff? Check out our tiny backyard and garden, our DIY raised garden beds, my tips for hanging flower pots outside, and the easiest house plants to take care of!How to harvest your lemons
Meyer lemon plants produce fruit year round in the right conditions. In fact, the main harvest time is in the season when it isn’t actively growing—late fall to very early spring. That’s because they spend most of the active growing season preparing those yummy lemons.
When you finally get to the point where you can enjoy your lovely Meyer lemons, here’s how to harvest them. First of all, the fruit won’t continue to ripen after you pick it like some other plants. So make sure it’s totally ripe before picking it. You’ll know your lemons are ready to pick when they have a deep yellow color and are soft. It’s best to use a pair of gardening shears to cut off the fruit so you don’t damage the plant.Pin my Meyer lemon tree care tips!
home care, variety description
Lemons in apartments on windowsills are no longer considered a rarity, but in order to grow this exotic fruit, you need to know all the features of care. It is also very important for to choose the right variety , which will delight not only with its appearance, but also with tasty and juicy fruits. In this article, let's get acquainted with the Meyer lemon.
Table of contents
- Meyer homemade lemon characteristics
- Distines and disadvantages
- Features of top dressing
- Landing Rules
- Care for lemon tree
- Temperature regime
- 9001 Diseases and pests
Characteristics of domestic Meyer lemon
It is believed that Meyer lemon or Chinese lemon is a hybrid of orange and lemon , created not in scientific laboratories, but by nature itself. This variety was discovered by the American Frank Mayer, who brought it from China to America in 1908.Meyer Indoor Lemon
The Chinese lemon is the smallest among the representatives of this culture and that is why it is often grown at home. The variety is characterized by good frost resistance and productivity , well tolerates not the most favorable climatic conditions.
Maximum tree height up to 1.5 meters , oval-shaped leaves, rich green color with a characteristic sheen. The variety is remontant, that is, it blooms and bears fruit all year round and several crops with a total weight of 2-3 kilograms can be harvested in one season. The first fruits can only be harvested at the age of 2-3 years of the tree . The highest peak of flowering is observed in the spring, when white flowers are formed, collected in clusters of 6-8 pieces.
The amount of yield obtained directly depends on the quality of plant care.
From the moment of formation of the ovary to the full ripening of the fruit, 8-9 months pass. Lemons of regular rounded shape can weigh from 70 to 150 grams , the skin is thin, bright yellow. The pulp is orange, sour with a slight bitterness, many tasters rate this taste as noble.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Mayer's lemon is not afraid of cold temperatures and can grow in almost any climatic conditions;
- The tree itself has an excellent decorative look and can become a decoration in any room;
- The fruits are very beautiful and at the same time delicious , which cannot but please flower growers;
- Flowering and fruiting is continuous , so with proper care, you can harvest several crops per season.
- In addition to all the advantages, the Chinese lemon has disadvantages, such as the need for constant and high-quality care , in the absence of which the tree can quickly get sick and die;
- There is also a high risk of various pests ;
- Fruit not suitable for long storage and transport over long distances.
Feeding considerationsMayer lemon should be fed during flowering and fruiting
The plant especially needs to be fed during the growing season. For this, experienced flower growers recommend once every 2 weeks from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn (while the lemon is actively blooming and bearing fruit) apply complex mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, potassium or phosphorus.
However, there is a little trick that can be followed to improve the effectiveness of mineral fertilizers. To do this, once every 2-3 months, the soil is watered with a solution of boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, manganese or iron.
Feeding must be stopped during the winter.
Ornamental plants are usually sold already in pots, but in order to create more comfortable conditions for it, it is necessary to transplant a lemon, while adhering to some rules.
For young plants, the following potting mix is good:
- one part leafy soil;
- one part sand;
- one part of humus;
- two pieces of sod land.
For older lemons, the composition of the soil changes slightly:
- one part of leaf soil;
- one part sand;
- one part of humus;
- one part clay;
- three pieces of sod land.
Neutral acidity is preferred. When planting, you need to monitor the position of the root neck, it should be flush with the ground.The root neck of the Meyer lemon should be flush with the ground
Until the lemon tree has grown to 5 years of age, it must be replanted annually , while renewing the soil and increasing the size of the previous pot by 4-5 centimeters. As soon as the plant becomes more mature, transplants are carried out once every three years, completely changing the soil mixture and, if necessary, replacing the pot.
In no case should a small plant be planted in a large container, in which case there is a great risk of root rot.
Caring for a lemon tree
In order for a tree to grow strong and healthy , it must be properly cared for , while creating the most comfortable living conditions, close to the region of natural growth of such a plant. Quality care consists of several points.
In order for the plant to fully bear fruit, it must be provided with intense sunlight throughout the year. The best option would be to create a 12-hour day , in such conditions the tree actively grows foliage, but if the number of light hours decreases, then there will be a risk that the lemon will drop all the green mass and simply die.
Flower growers recommend placing a pot with a plant on a western or eastern window sill, while artificial lighting is required in winter.
Meyer lemon does not tolerate drafts and sudden temperature changes very well, therefore do not recommend taking the plant to an unglazed and unheated balcony or to the street.Meyer lemons are adversely affected by drafts and temperature fluctuations
In summer it is important to avoid overheating, therefore, in intense sunlight and a lot of heat, it is best to slightly shade the tree so that it receives the right amount of light, but does not burn from high temperatures. The ideal indicator is 20 degrees Celsius .
In winter, it is necessary to maintain the dormant state of the lemon tree, for this the pot is moved as far as possible from the batteries, trying to provide the plant with a comfortable temperature no higher than 12 degrees.
For a comfortable existence of plants, it is recommended to maintain indoor humidity at 70 percent.
Lemon trees should be watered both root and foliar. At the same time moistening the soil and spraying the foliage with a spray bottle. In spring and summer, the procedure is repeated in the morning and in the evening every day, in the autumn and winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to 2 times a week.
The soil ball must always be moist, drying out can lead to the death of the plant.
To form a beautiful crown of a tree, you need to take care of its pruning in advance, for this you need :
- The stem of the seedling that has grown is shortened to a length of 20 centimeters , while leaving several developed buds in the upper part;
- The shoots grown from the remaining buds will become skeletal branches , 3-4 of them are the most healthy, and the rest are cut off;
- Skeletal branches cut to 25 centimeters ;
- Second order shoots must not exceed 10 centimeters;
- Third order - more than 5 centimeters.
As soon as the 4th order shoots appear, the formation of the tree crown is considered complete . Now, every year in the spring, sanitary pruning is carried out, removing all diseased, yellowed, dried or damaged leaves.
Meyer lemon can be propagated by seed or cuttings . It is worth noting that with the help of cuttings, you can get a good, varietal tree, and when growing a tree from a seed, there is a high risk of wild game.
- , seeds are extracted from the fruits, washed thoroughly and dried on the windowsill;
- then moisten gauze in water , put seeds on it and put such a design in a box, while constantly maintaining the moisture content of the fabric;
- as soon as the first sprouts appear, the seeds are transplanted into the soil adapted for young plants, while the seeds are deepened by 3-4 centimeters;
- seedlings watered once every two days;
- as soon as the height of the tree reaches 15 centimeters, it is transplanted into a large container .
As soon as the thickness of the trunk is more than 8 millimeters, it is recommended to graft by any of the known methods.
- cuttings with 4-5 leaves are placed in a weak solution of manganese for 20 hours;
- then with a crushed angle, an oblique cut is processed, all castings are removed , leaving only 3 top ones;
- at the bottom of the pot spread drainage , then the soil mixture, sand on top, into which the plant is deepened by 2-3 centimeters;
- at the next stage I cover the pot with a glass jar or plastic bag;
- for the best rooting, the structure is placed in a place with diffused light and regularly moisten the soil;
- after 2-3 weeks the shelter is slowly removed , first for 2 hours, then this time is increased. Such manipulation is necessary so that the lemon can adapt to environmental conditions.
This method of propagation will help to achieve the earliest fruiting of the plant.
Diseases and pests
Improper care can cause some diseases, which can be identified by the presence of the following signs :
- If the leaves turn lighter , this means that the tree lacks nutrients or light;
- If the leaves begin to wither and fall off , then the matter is a lack of moisture and you should immediately start watering and spraying the plant.
Lemons are also often attacked by various pests .
- When the spider mite settles on the plant, it begins to build webs and at the first detection of such a sign, the tree is washed under running water from the shower;
- If black dots-turtles appear on the leaves, these are scale insects , which a mixture of 50 milliliters of kerosene and 100 milliliters of liquid soap will help get rid of.
- Meyer lemon damaged by spider mites
- Meyer's lemon damaged by scab
For the prevention of pests twice a year, the plant is sprayed with a solution of 2 grams of karbofos, 2 grams of celtan and a liter of water.
Mayer's Lemon is excellent for growing indoors as an ornamental variety which also produces excellent tasting fruits. Initially, it may seem that caring for such a plant is very difficult, but if you follow all the instructions correctly, you can get a good harvest and no diseases and pests will be terrible.
home care basics
Meyer lemon is an evergreen plant, one of the main characteristics of which is the flowering several times throughout the year.
This type of lemon is indoor, and therefore it has fewer seeds compared to non-indoor representatives of this genus, as well as a thin peel and a more emphasized aroma.
These traits make it popular, even when compared to similar indoor citrus fruits.
- Care tips
- Transplanting rules
- Feeding basics
900 Care tips
900 If we compare it with other varieties, also dwarf, but also others, then it is worth pointing out that it has more acidic fruits.
Naturally, the quality will depend on proper care. Each plant "likes" or "dislikes" certain conditions.
In the case of the meyer lemon, it is necessary to create light conditions, but not too much, take care of constant drainage, fertilizer, regular watering, optimal temperature conditions. On the contrary, the plant "does not like" strong winds and frosty winds.
In order to grow lemons indoors, certain factors are necessary, thanks to which you can hope for a good result.
First of all, let's look at the need for diffused light. To this end, the meyer is placed opposite a window that faces east or west. On hot days of spring and summer, the plant will need shading.
If the daylight hours are very long, fruiting will be delayed, but at the same time the plant will grow intensively.
In winter, it is better to keep the plant at a temperature not exceeding 12 degrees. The room should be well lit. If you do not provide conditions for a cold room, then the plant will not bear fruit.
Keep in mind that lemons react very quickly to climate change. This means that you can not do such "tricks" as putting a flowerpot on the street, especially if it has fruits. The result can be very disappointing: the plant will shed both leaves and fruits.
As far as summer care is concerned, spray the plant systematically. The same is done in winter, provided that the flowerpot is in a room where there is a central drowning.
If the air in the room is too dry, then the risk that the lemon will suffer from scale insects and mites increases. The optimum humidity should fluctuate between 60-70%, the temperature should not exceed 20 degrees.
The watering mode is characterized by some features. Since spring, the plant is watered with warm water, quite intensively, but no more than twice a day.
In winter, it is worth watering moderately, in small portions, and also no more than twice, but already a week. You can not bring the earthen lump to dryness, because this will provoke the fall of fruits and leaves. But excess moisture is the death of a lemon.
Due to the correct and systematic watering in early summer (until mid-July), the fruits will lose their bitter taste, and the sugar content will only increase.
Watering after the summer period is significantly reduced from November. Preparing the plant for the winter period, the soil in the flowerpot is systematically loosened.
Rules for Transplanting
Transplanting is one of the main tasks in the process of growing houseplants, and if done correctly, a good result is guaranteed.
Meyer lemon cannot be considered a capricious plant, but it cannot be treated negligently either. Lemon transplantation is done annually. The best way is transshipment. It will need to take care of good drainage.
In order for young plants to take root, pay attention to the soil. The proportions here are:
- Listen Earth - part
- Sand - part
- humus - part
- turf land - two parts
Soil proportions look slightly different:
- leaf land - part
- sand - part
- 99,0009 humus - part
- oily clay - part
- soddy earth - three parts
When transplanting, the main thing is to create all the necessary conditions so that the plant - adult or young - can adapt faster in a new environment.
It is important to remember the rule: with age, the plant needs more and more fertilizer. It must be applied after irrigation. When using artificial clarification in winter, it is necessary to make the fertilizer more intense.
Fundamentals of the feeding process
Citrus fruits need systematic feeding during the spring-autumn period, otherwise - during the growing season. Good fertilizers will be those that contain a lot of nitrogen.
In good standing with the experts, slow release, universal fertilizers. The plant is stimulated by foliar nutrition. This business is served by liquid top dressings, for example, a mixture based on algae and fish emulsion, or compost tea.
The plant will bear fruit after a year if kept indoors in winter. You can only collect lemons if you are completely sure that they are ripe.
After all, they can ripen only by staying on a tree. Ripe meyer fruits take on a yellow color, or a color reminiscent of egg yolk. They are soft to the touch. When assembling, it is important to use scissors or a knife, which will give the process accuracy.
The number of fruits will depend on many factors. Here is the age of the plant, and the correctness in feeding and irrigation, and creating the necessary climate. The same factors will determine the taste.
Growing Meyer lemons at home is a pleasure because of the wonderful fruits, but it also requires a lot of attention and work.