How to take care of an umbrella tree


How to Take Great Care of an Umbrella Plant

This post shares umbrella plant care tips to help your umbrella plant thrive! Taking care good care of an umbrella plant is easy. While it’s not exactly a plant of steel, it isn’t difficult to master the necessary care routine. Learn how.

Umbrella Plant Care

The umbrella plant (schefflera) is a unique-looking houseplant that’s native to Taiwan and southern China. The houseplant version is typically referred to as an octopus tree or a dwarf umbrella tree because it’s smaller than what would grow in nature (the Schefflera actinophylla). 

Umbrella plants are excellent choices for homes or offices because they are lower maintenance, patient, and help to clean the air around themselves. They’re also really pretty–their leaves grow in the shape of a flower. They come in both solid green and variegated green-and-yellow varieties. I’ll note the care differences between the two in this post as well.  

Want more plant care tips? You’ll also love my guides on how to take care of monstera plants, how to take care of rubber plants, caring for peperomia plants, caring for ZZ plants, and how to care for philodendron.

Umbrella Plant Light Needs

Umbrella plants enjoy bright, indirect light. What does that mean? Near a bright window is great. It doesn’t like direct sunlight for prolonged periods of time, though. Too much direct sunlight will burn the leaves. Like many patient houseplants, you can train it to survive in rooms with less light. It will just grow more slowly and potentially look a bit more sparse. 

Also like many plants that prefer higher light but can survive in lower light levels, it will grow toward the nearest light source. You can spin the plant slightly every month to keep your umbrella from going crazy and growing sideways.

Growth Patterns, Repotting, & Pruning

The umbrella plant is a faster grower. With good care and a bit of TLC in the form of fertilizer, your umbrella plant can quickly outgrow its pot in a growing season. However, they are generally happy in pots that are small relative to their size. When repotting, size up to a pot that is just slightly larger than the one your umbrella plant is in now.

Umbrella plants can be tall and skinny or shorter and compact–perfect for both rooms with high ceilings or a table top. It will grow tall on its own as long as you take great care of it. Up to 6 feet or more, in fact! As it grows, it can also adopt climbing tendencies. Feed your plant a regular ol’ houseplant fertilizer as recommended during the growing season. The best blend is a typical 20-20-20 fertilizer.

To keep your plant shorter, simply cut off the new growth at the top of the plant. This will force the plant to create more shoots down the main stem, creating a bushier look. However, even if you continue to encourage lower growth, the plant won’t get too bushy. At most, it will remain under 2 feet wide. 

How much water does an umbrella plant need?

When it comes to watering your umbrella plant, I’ll get on my “don’t overwater!” houseplant high horse again. The only tricky thing about this guy is that, while it likes soil a bit on the moist side, it doesn’t like soggy soil. Finding that balance can be challenging and does depend a lot on the time of year and temperature conditions (i.e., how quickly the soil dries out).

Generally a good rule of thumb is to water when the top inch of soil dries out, unlike a lot of slightly more tolerant houseplants that can stand to have their top few inches of soil dry out. If you forget to water your umbrella plant and the soil dries out quickly, it will be quick to forgive and forget. But don’t make a habit of it! It might start showing some wear and tear. You can cut your watering way down—typically about in half—in the winter. 

Umbrella Plant Care: Temperature & Humidity Needs

The umbrella plant isn’t a terribly picky house guest when it comes to temperature and humidity (unlike some other plants—looking at you, fiddle leaf fig). It generally does well in normal household temperatures, and by that I mean between about 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Like variegated pothos varieties, variegated umbrella plants really thrive in higher temperatures and with more light. Solid green varieties handle lower light better.

The plant itself does fine with lower levels of humidity, but if you’re dealing with any pest problems, it might be beneficial to start misting the plant’s foliage to increase humidity. Or put a humidifier in the room. This can help with pest prevention. 

Umbrella Plant Propagation Tips

I’ve not tried to propagate an umbrella plant yet. To propagate an umbrella plant, you need to remove a growing tip during its active growth season. I suspect the easiest way to propagate it would actually be to divide an existing plant at the root system and repot it separately. You’d definitely want to do this during the spring or summer so it has sufficient time to rebound from a bit of shock.

Want to read more about plant propagation? Check out my guides on propagating pothos plants, snake plants, peperomia, string of pearls, succulents, monstera deliciosa, and prickly pear cactus pads.

Common Problems With Umbrella Plants

1. Pest infestations

Umbrella plants are unfortunately quite vulnerable to pest infestations, specifically scale. For a while, my mom had a beautiful umbrella plant in her office that was leaving gross sticky residue all over the counter. We had no idea what it was from. Come to find out that it was scale!

Scale insects leave a sticky substance all around where they are setting up camp. This stickiness can then attract nasty stuff like mold and turn into a sooty mess. I’ve heard that scale can be hard to get rid of, but honestly, my mom just moved the plant and it went away. 

Spider mites and gnats can also be problematic. Since some of these pests thrive on dry conditions, misting the plant’s leaves or upping the humidity levels can help prevent them from moving in. Insecticidal soap can help get rid of them. (See my post on how to get rid of spider mites, which has a lot of tips you can use for other pest infestations.)

2. Crooked plant

Remember earlier how I said that, in low light conditions, you’ll want to rotate the plant every week or so to ensure the plant grows straight? If you don’t it will become crooked as it grows toward the light. Unfortunately, once the plant is crooked, there’s no straightening the main stem. 

3. Leaves falling off

Leaves falling off? It might be too cold. Or, if the temperature is fine but are other changes in the environment around it (like wind), it might throw a fit by dropping leaves. It isn’t the end of the world—the leaves will usually drop from the bottom, which can lead to a more “umbrella tree” like look. 

But if you want the plant to stay full, you want to avoid this. The umbrella plant is like the fiddle leaf fig—the leaves sadly won’t grow back. If your leaves remain attached but look sad and like they are about to fall off, you’re probably over or under watering.

Are Umbrella Plants Toxic to Pets?

Like a lot of houseplants, umbrella plants have calcium oxalate crystals in their sap. This can cause irritation if ingested. It’s best to keep this plant away from kids and pets if they try to eat your plants. This is a leafy plant that I have to keep away from Henry, one of our cats. He loves a good fresh leafy salad bar. (And barfing afterward.)

SHARE MY UMBRELLA PLANT CARE TIPS ON PINTEREST!

Umbrella Plant Care: How to Grow Umbrella Plants

One of my favorite plants to grow in my home is the umbrella plant (Schefflera or Heptapleurum). It is a rather large plant that can grow to heights of up to six feet, and the foliage on the plant grows in a unique eight spoke style that looks like an umbrella; hence the name.

Umbrella plants do not bloom, but you can find varieties that feature unique leaf markings. These plants are easy to care for, but caring for the plant incorrectly can be damaging to it. This guide is designed to help you learn how to maintain beautiful, lush umbrella plants that you can be proud of.

How to Plant and Care for Umbrella Plants

With proper care, this plant can easily become one of the tallest plants in your home. It grows extremely fast, so you can have a very tall plant within a single growing season. Let’s take a look at some tips to help you care for your umbrella plant properly.

Watering Umbrella Plants

Umbrella plants grow best in moist soil, so you will need to water it often. Overwatering the plant can cause the leaves of the plant to turn yellow, while under watering it will cause the leaves to droop. The best way to be sure that you are providing the plant with the appropriate amount of water is to wait until the top of the soil is dry before you water the plant again.

Feeding Umbrella Plants

Since these plants grow a lot each season, they need a lot of fuel to be able to sustain the growth. You should feed it every two to three weeks with regular liquid fertilizer. Once the plant reaches the height that you want it to be, you can then stop fertilizing it as often. Fertilizing the plant once or twice a year is adequate.

Light Requirements

Umbrella plants require quite a bit of light, but they should never be positioned in direct sunlight. A few hours a day is possible, but too much direct sunlight will cause the leaves to burn. If the plant seems to be growing more favorably on one side than the other, turn it so that the other side of the plant can get more sunlight. If your umbrella plant receives less than the optimal amount of sunlight, the plant is often accommodating to its living situation. The plant may slow its growth a bit, but it will remain healthy in most situations.

Temperature and Humidity

The temperature of your home is important for Umbrella plants because temperatures that are too cold will cause the leaves to fall off of the plant. For the best foliage growth, keep the temperature between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The all-green leaf variations typically prefer the cooler end of that range, while the types that have more decorative leaves prefer slightly warmer temperatures.

Umbrella plants do not require a lot of humidity, so typically the humidity level that is already present in your home is acceptable. If the air is excessively dry, then try misting the leaves occasionally to provide a bit of artificial humidity. This is also a great way to assure that dust does not accumulate on the leaves of the plant. In addition, if you are having a pest problem, raising the humidity level could help solve the issue by deterring the bugs.

Pruning, Repotting, and Propagation

Since these plants grow so quickly, it is very possible that you will need to prune the plant in order to keep the plant the shape and size that you desire. Umbrella plants bounce back quickly, so even if you harshly prune away a good bit of the plant, it will grow back fuller that it previously was. This is a great way to get a plant that is sluggish to become more lush and beautiful.

Once an umbrella plant reaches maturity, it will need to be repotted every three years or so. Once the roots start growing through the drainage holes in the pot, it is time to repot. Make sure to use a relatively large pot because the height of this plant can make it top-heavy, and always repot Umbrella plants during the spring of the year.

Propagation can occur by using cuttings from a mature plant. These cuttings should be at least two inches long to help the new growth take root. Make sure that the tip of the plant that is growing is not buried in the soil. These plants can also be grown from seeds if you are having difficulty with the cuttings taking root.

Common Problems That Umbrella Plants Have

Though umbrella plants are easy to grow indoors, they can have some issues that you may need to overcome. The first issue that you need to be aware of, especially if you have pets, is that this plant is slightly toxic to dogs and cats. This means that if they ingest the leaves from the plant, they will most likely become ill. Some of the concerns that will affect the growth of the plant are:

Fungal Leaf Spots – When a plant has this disease, black or dark brown spots appear on the leaves. Eventually the infected leaves will fall off and the disease will spread. To prevent this from occurring, it is best to remove an infected area before it has the chance to spread.

• Bacterial Leaf Spots – If yellow spots are noticed on the leaves of your plant, then it may have a bacterial disease. This is best taken care of by removing the spotted leaves as soon as they are noticed.

Root Rot – When an Umbrella plant receives too much water, root rot can occur. Never allow the plant to sit in a pool of water, and if root rot does occur, cut out any infected areas of the roots and repot it with new soil.

Pests – Spider mites are a common problem with umbrella plants, especially when the air is dry. If you notice webbing on the leaves, wipe them clean and raise the humidity levels of the room to deter the pests from returning.

Umbrella plants are small tree-like plants that can add a lot of atmosphere to your home. They make a great plant for the entryway of your home, and they can be pruned to accommodate the size and shape that you desire. If you are looking for a stunning plant that does not bloom indoors, then the umbrella plant is perfect for your home.

home care, cultivation, propagation, planting, replanting, pruning, species, photos of the plant

Schefflera is an evergreen plant of the Araliev family. Depending on the species, it can be a tree, liana, or shrub. For unusually shaped leaves, where oval or slightly elongated leaf lobes depart from long petioles, similar to knitting needles from an umbrella, sheffler was called an umbrella tree.

Scheffler cultivation features - a brief description.

The plant does not tolerate direct sunlight. In winter, the sheffler is placed in a bright place, but protected from direct rays (this is especially important in warm rooms). Only variegated forms suffer from a lack of light.

Planting a houseplant shefflera

The main reason for the rapid spread of houseplants shefflera - decorative and unpretentious. Even novice growers, with a minimum of time and effort, can quickly grow this beautiful flower on their windowsill.

In addition, there is a second explanation for the popularity of shefflers. Nowadays, it is rare for a house (not to mention offices) to do without a computer, TV and other equipment that makes indoor air dead and harmful. Schefflera is deservedly credited with properties to improve the environment. Like a sponge, it absorbs all the negativity, filling the space with phytoncides, humidifying the air and ionizing it.

A positive effect on the nervous system has been noted: chefler's presence calms, relieves irritation, enhances concentration and memory.

Planting methods

To get a shefflera, you can buy it in a store, or you can try to grow a whole plant from a shoot, cutting or seed.

Best time to plant

Sheffler is best planted and transplanted in early spring. then it will be easier to take root and have time to get stronger before the onset of the winter rest period.

Plant soil

Schefflera soil can be purchased ready-made. The flower shop recommends the right compositions. Most often these are mixtures for ficuses or palm trees.

But you can prepare the soil yourself. To do this, you need to take one part of pure river sand, add three more parts of leafy soil and two parts of turf to it. You can replace two parts of leafy soil with one part of humus.

IMPORTANT! According to the structure, the soil should be fairly soft, loose and permeable, but not acidic.

How to take care of a shefflera at home

Growing an umbrella tree is quite easy. Subject to certain sheffler rules in the interior, it will look surprisingly attractive, and it will remain beautiful and not capricious in care for many years.

Location and lighting for the plant

Schefflera loves light but fears direct sunlight. Therefore, ideally, you need to put pots on the south side, slightly shading the plant. The western and east-oriented windows are also favorable.

Shefflera species with variegated leaves are an exception. Only places with high illumination are suitable for their cultivation.

Humidity

The only difficulty in caring for an umbrella tree is maintaining high humidity in the summer.

In nature, the plant was formed in tropical forests, where there is no dryness at all. Therefore, at home, it is advisable for a houseplant not only to water the sheffler with warm and necessarily settled water, but also to spray its leaves up to two times a day.

Plant temperature

From spring to late autumn, the sheffler is active. The temperature for its cultivation is recommended to be maintained at 18-22 degrees. Small differences in day and night temperatures benefit the sheffler, but it must be protected from drafts and sudden changes in conditions.

How to water correctly

The subtlety of watering the umbrella beauty lies in catching the right watering time. This time can be determined by the following signs: the top layer of the soil is already dry, but the clod of earth is still wet, which will show the weight of the pot.

In the conditions of an ordinary city apartment with its dryness, you can put the sheffler in a tray filled with expanded clay and add soft and warm water directly to this tray.

Water 2-3 times a week in summer. Much less so in winter.

Feeding and fertilizing the flower

A healthy mature plant needs to be fed. Due to the similarity of the conditions for shefflers with the conditions for palms and ficuses, fertilizer can also be borrowed from these plant species or pamper the flower with universal fertilizer with mineral additives.

Fertilize the plant during its active growth phase (excluding winter). If the plant has not fully taken root after transplantation or propagation, it is necessary to wait for the first young leaves, and then apply nutrients.

Feeding frequency - once a month. You can help the plant with foliar top dressing by spraying it with bioregulators, for example, Zircon or Epin. This is also done approximately once every 4 weeks.

Pruning shefflera (For what purpose, complexity of the process, availability)

While the plant is young, it pleases with lush greenery, but then the trunk begins to stretch and the leaves are only on top of the bush. In order to prevent a decrease in decorativeness, pruning is used. With its help, you can form a beautiful and compact home flower.

Trimming methods

Depending on the shape you want to give to the sheffler, you can use top trimming or lower leaf trimming.

The plant withstands both types of pruning quite calmly.

Shefflera repotting

A young plant needs to be repotted in the first year of life, as its growth is very active and it may not have enough space to live in a cramped pot. When the sheffler reaches 3-5 years, the growth rate slows down and it can be transplanted less often: once every 2-3 years.

Transplantation methods

Transplantation process can be of two types:

  • transshipment, in which the flower is carefully removed from its former pot and placed with a clod of earth in a larger dish.
  • The substrate in which you plant the shefflera must be loose and fertile. The mixture of sand and earth must be thoroughly mixed, subjected to a disinfecting treatment. After transplanting, the soil must be compacted and watered without fail so that there are no voids left and the soil is tightly adjacent to the roots.

    Reproduction of Shefflera

    If you are planning to make two, three, or even a whole greenhouse out of one plant, then get ready for much more difficulties than the usual daily care of a shefflera.

    Whichever of the three propagation methods (seeds, cuttings or cuttings) you choose, you will have to pay special attention to the humidity and temperature of the new plant, as it takes root quite difficult.

    Breeding methods

    You can grow a copy of your pet in the following ways:

    • cuttings;
    • layering;
    • seeds.

    The easiest way to give life to a new plant is cuttings. The trunk is chosen not young, but already lignified. Cut with a sharp short knife so that the stalk has at least 5 leaves. Before landing in the ground, they are kept for several hours in a bio-solution (Heteroauxin).

    It will help the engraftment of the process and powdering with Kornevin or coal dust.

    Pay special attention to germination conditions: soil, temperature, humidity.

    In small and well-draining pots with a mixture of sand and earth, heated to 22 degrees, cuttings are planted with a slight depth and covered with a glass or plastic jar.

    From time to time the sprouts are ventilated, stagnation of air during propagation by cuttings can also be fatal. It is recommended to spray them.

    A more complex and costly method is propagation by layering. To do this, roots are germinated on the stem, without cutting the cutting, but only cutting it. After that, the incision site is wrapped in moss or bandage, moistened and covered with a film.

    Please note: if the incision site is not allowed to dry out, after one and a half to two months you will receive a ready-made process with roots for cutting and planting in a separate container!

    Propagation by seed is the rarest method for sheffleras. They do this in January-February. The requirements for breeding with seeds are the same: compliance with the temperature and humidity conditions, ventilation, a similar composition of the substrate.

    Seeds pre-treated with stimulants are planted to a depth of 1-1. 5 cm. Then they are placed in greenhouse conditions. When the roots form a visible lump at the base, you can transplant them in separate places.

    Does the chefler bloom?

    Shefflera flowering can be observed much more often in outdoor forms than in indoor ones. The flowers are small, white or pink, collected in inflorescences and resemble octopus tentacles in shape. Because of this, you can sometimes hear the nickname "octopus tree". But even without sheffler flowering, the tree is so beautiful that this feature will not upset you much.

    Problems, diseases and pests of a flower

    Any violation of the natural conditions of the shefflera will affect its appearance: insufficient lighting will be indicated by pale and dull leaves or twisting of the trunks, incorrect temperature regime will give itself away by falling leaves. Slow growth means a lack of nutrients.

    A weakened sheffler can also be disturbed by pests: aphids, spider mites and scale insects.

    In the case when you notice that the leaves have become sticky, as if covered with a sweet film, know: this is an aphid.

    Plant disease is treated by spraying with soapy water or commercially available herbicides.

    Spider mite attack is easy to spot by the thin cobwebs on and around the leaves. Karbofos - will help get rid of this scourge. But remember that the tick is ubiquitous and cunning. It can hide in hard-to-reach places, such as in or under leaf axils.

    General rule: the infected individual must be isolated from the rest!!

    Aphids and mites are afraid of common mustard infusions. Recipe: take 50 g of dry mustard, insist in 6 liters of warm water for 3 days. Then dilute to two buckets and wipe, as well as spray the plant 2-3 times a day.

    Common species

    Schefflera plant has almost three dozen species:

    • Schefflera mix is not so much a separate type of shefflera as a mixture of several species in one pot or pallet. It looks very impressive and attractive.
    • Schefflera Janine is one of the Schefflera cultivars, characterized by smaller but beautiful leaves. Their color resembles stains of white-yellow-green paints. The leaves are pinnate at the edges.
    • Schefflera Nora has small light green leaves.
    • Schefflera Gerd is a variety of a plant with a light yellow center and green edges of a very beautiful dense shade.
    • Sheffler Louisiana - perhaps the most beautiful and elegant version of the sheffler. Leaves resemble glossy leather in texture. The color is green, juicy, with light spots.
    • Sheflera Janine
    • Scheffler Louisiana
    • Scheffler Nora
    • Scheffler Gerd

    Helpful Hints

    By adjusting the humidity, temperature and light, you can achieve a wonderful look and quality of your particular shefflera. Listen and look closely at your green pet, especially during the first time he stays in your house, and he will repay you handsomely.

    Answers to readers' questions

    Plant lifespan

    With proper care, timely repotting and pruning, a sheffler can live up to 20 years.

    If you allow strong growth (up to 2 meters in height), then it will simply no longer fit in your house.

    Is this flower poisonous?

    Rubbing the leaves, the owners of the plant achieve a beautiful glossy sheen and a great look of shefflera. But care must be taken, because the flower is poisonous. Particular attention should be paid to this fact when pruning the plant.

    Don't forget! Shefflera juice contains substances that can irritate human skin and mucous membranes!

    Why do the leaves turn dark, dry and fall

    If the leaves of shefflers began to darken, starting from the tips, urgently pay attention to humidity and watering. Most likely, the plant dries up.

    If the leaves fall, then it is likely that you overdid it with the temperature, or vice versa, the flower is frozen.

    Scheffler's stained? Keep it away from the bright and scorching rays of the sun.

    But due to lack of light, the leaves will fade.

    How does the plant overwinter?

    Like any tropical plant, the shefflera needs to rest. This state of dormancy, when growth and basic functions are slowed down, usually occurs in winter. The air temperature is reduced to 15 degrees. Fluctuations of plus or minus 3 degrees are allowed. The best place for wintering is a warmed loggia or balcony. Shefflers sharply limit watering and observe her behavior. Excessive moisture can lead to flower diseases: dropping leaves or infection with viral infections.

    Scheffler - an umbrella tree. Proper care of indoor flower sheflera. How to water, fertilize, prune Schefflera schefflera umbrella tree or umbrella tree

    Increasingly popular among amateur flower growers is becoming a sheffler (sheffler), the care of which turned out to be quite affordable for many. On home windowsills, this plant appeared relatively recently, but has already gained great popularity. Sheflera is a decorative leafy plant, it is grown for the sake of a beautiful motley crown. The tree looks great both as an independent culture and as part of flower arrangements. In addition, the exotic flower has already managed to acquire some signs, some of which are really true.

    Signs related to the plant

    For example, it is believed that sheflera is a relaxant plant. In fact, planted in the house, it favorably affects the microclimate, attracting and absorbing negative energy. Experts say that this is due to the substances that the flower contains. Those who are keen on growing this tree jokingly even affectionately call her the “good vampire”. It is believed that it normalizes the emotional background in the house, promotes healthy sound sleep. Therefore, it is recommended to place it in the bedroom. In addition, it is believed that the tree, along with the fat woman (money tree), is able to attract wealth to the house. The pluses of cheflers include the fact that it effectively saturates the air around it with oxygen.

    Opponents argue that shefler should not be kept in the house, as she predicts misfortune. Allegedly, dropping leaves, the tree signals impending financial losses. And if the leaves roll up into a tube or darken, quarrels in the family or with superiors cannot be avoided. However, these superstitions are a purely individual matter, and in modern floriculture there are no contraindications to not paying attention to this very decorative plant.

    Sheflera is a tropical foreigner

    Schefflera got its luxurious catchy name in honor of the famous German botanist Scheffler. It belongs to the Araliaceae family, whose representatives number more than 200 species and in their natural conditions grow to a height of more than 10 m. This exotic plant is found in the tropics of Southeast Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. In indoor floriculture, a little more than 10 species are represented.

    Outwardly, the chefler resembles an umbrella, which is why in everyday life it is called an umbrella tree. At home, it can reach up to 2.5 m in height. The shape and color of the palmately dissected leaves give the plant a special decorative effect. In its shape, each leaflet resembles a palm with spread fingers with 4-12 lobes. Coloring - from juicy monotonous green to variegated, with white, yellow, golden and cream spots and stains. Leathery leaves similar to the spokes of an exotic umbrella grow on a strong petiole and are directed upwards.

    Shefflera's stem is thin, so it needs constant support. However, flower growers have found a way out of the situation - several copies are planted in one pot at once. As soon as they grow up, the trunks are carefully intertwined. In this way, the shefler supports itself, and the foliage of several nearby specimens becomes even thicker and more decorative. The umbrella tree cannot boast of beautiful flowers. They are white, small, inconspicuous, collected in a panicle. However, under indoor conditions, the plant blooms extremely rarely. Although plant growers do not have such a goal - to make the sheflera bloom - after all, they grow it precisely because of the exotic foliage. The culture propagates mainly by stem cuttings.

    The most common type of umbrella tree at home is Schefflera arboricola. It has variegated golden or white leaves, but green forms are also known. In room conditions, you can meet Shefflera Louisiana (Schefflera Louisiana) - a tree up to 1.5 m high, which can be successfully grown in hydroponics. This type is most often used to decorate winter gardens, stairwells, lobbies with a lack of light.

    Despite some species differences, caring for a chefler at home is the same and is not difficult.

    Plant care

    Before you bring an umbrella tree into your home, you need to create a certain microclimate for it. Perhaps this is the only factor to which sheflera is especially demanding.

    This flower is very light-requiring, and since the variegated leaves become monotonously green in shaded places, you need to choose a bright place for sheflera, but without direct sunlight. The most unsuitable is the north window; on the rest, the umbrella tree will feel quite good. In the summer, the chefler can be taken out into the open air by setting the pot in light partial shade.

    The temperature regime at which this houseplant will live is also very important. Despite the fact that its origin is tropical forests, the umbrella tree does not tolerate heat very well. Often this is what leads to the dropping of leaves, and in especially severe cases - to the death of the tree. The best temperature for growing cheflera is + 17 ... + 22˚С. In winter, the temperature can be reduced - up to + 16 ... + 18˚С. However, the lower, critical limit is 12˚С. Variegated forms winter well only at 18˚С. Cold will inevitably lead to a loss of decorativeness.

    For the same reasons, the chefler should not be placed near heating appliances. Excessive heat and dry air will lead to adverse consequences for the flower.

    Humidity in the room where the culture is kept should be above average. It is best to place a pot with a tree on a wide pallet, pour expanded clay, pebbles around, spread out moss and constantly water them. Various water procedures are very favorable for the foliage of the tree - a warm shower, spraying and wiping with a damp sponge. The higher the humidity, the better the flower will feel and the more beautiful its crown will be.

    The plant does not have special requirements for watering, it is enough to regularly and moderately moisten the soil in a pot. It is best suited for this settled water at room temperature. Drying out the earthy coma is best avoided, however, excessive watering can lead to root rot. In winter, moisture should be reduced, but the complete drying of the soil should not be allowed.

    Chefler needs to be fed periodically for full development. During the growing season (from March to September) every 10 days you need to water the plant with a complex mineral fertilizer for decorative leafy plants. The plant will be very grateful if finely crushed eggshells are periodically poured into the pot. 1 tbsp is enough for 1 pot. l. powder. In winter, the tree is in a state of relative rest, so you should not feed it.

    To make the plant look more spectacular, many flower growers form a tree by periodically cutting off the crown. Thanks to this, it is possible to grow both a full-fledged tree and a bush form. However, when starting creativity, you need to remember that this is a long process, because you need to let the flower get used to the new state. Pruning is possible only in March, before the start of active vegetation.

    These are the basic rules for caring for a chefler at home

    Transplanting a cheflera

    One of the advantages of growing an umbrella tree is that it does not need to be replanted too often. The root system of this tree does not differ in rapid growth, so it is enough to carry out this procedure once every 3-4 years. It is believed that young plants need to be transplanted 1 time in 2 years. However, each owner of an exotic flower must decide for himself how often this should be done specifically for his specimen.

    Sheflera transplantation at home takes place either in spring, after a period of relative dormancy, or in autumn, after the end of the growing season.

    Transplant the tree into a stable pot 5-6 cm larger in diameter. Sheflera roots are prone to rotting, so it is important to ensure good drainage in the container. To do this, almost 1/4 needs to be filled with expanded clay, broken ceramic shards, brick fragments, foam chips. It is better to purchase a special soil, palm is very suitable. However, you can make it yourself: for 2 parts of soddy land, you need to take 1 part of humus and sheet, add 1 part of coarse sand.

    Before replanting the tree, mix the mass well and fill the pot in such a way that the plant removed from the old pot is placed in the center along with the earthen clod. Sprinkling fresh soil on the sides and top, you need to lightly tamp it. After transplanting, water the plant abundantly, spray it and put it in its usual place.

    Chefleur breeding

    Breeding cheflera at home is quite laborious. The whole process requires patience and attention. However, if you follow all the rules, the procedure may well be feasible for any grower.

    This plant is propagated by seeds, air layering and stem cuttings. The first option for amateur flower growers is practically inaccessible, since the indoor chefler does not bloom. Basically, this method is suitable for industrial cultivation of plants.

    The most accessible reproduction for us is the vegetative method, namely, with the help of stem cuttings. You should pay special attention to the choice of material, because the result sometimes depends on how high-quality and viable the cuttings turn out to be.

    Cuttings should be cut with a sharp knife from the tops of side shoots of well-developed mother plants. They should be semi-lignified, each should have at least 2 internodes. The simplest thing is to put the resulting cuttings in plain water and wait for the roots to appear. Reproduction in this way does not require much effort, but it can take a long time.

    A faster way is to treat the cuttings with a suitable growth stimulator (this can be Kornevin, Heteroauxin or simple aloe juice) for 12 hours and root them in nutrient soil in a specially prepared greenhouse. The most important thing is to maintain a constant temperature in the container - + 20 ... + 22˚С. To do this, it is best to cover the container with film or glass and put it on a room battery. The whole rooting process takes 1.5-2 months.

    The main difficulty lies in the fact that the seedlings need to be constantly monitored, periodically ventilated, watered and sprayed. As soon as the plant shows signs of rooting, it goes into growth, the film or glass can be removed, and the seedlings put in a bright place. However, it is too early to move them to a permanent place of residence. Only after 2-3 months, young cheflers with well-developed roots are transplanted into a permanent pot.

    It should be remembered that if you need to form a strong tree, you need to plant several trunks in 1 pot, and as you grow, twist the trunks together. It is clear that sheflera breeding is a rather lengthy process, but the result - a beautiful tree with exotic leaves and a unique color - is worth it.

    Difficulties in growing shefleur

    All negative processes that occur with an umbrella tree occur primarily due to improper care. Loss of color variegation, dropping leaves, rotting roots, the appearance of pests can provoke: lack of light, too cold or very hot room, insufficient or excessive watering. But all these factors are easy to eliminate. It will be especially a pity to lose a plant, having learned from its own experience how difficult its reproduction is.

    Providing a suitable microclimate for cheflera, you can become the owner of a well-developed exotic tree.

    Schefflera is an evergreen plant of the Araliev family. Depending on the species, it can be a tree, liana, or shrub. For unusually shaped leaves, where oval or slightly elongated leaf lobes depart from long petioles, similar to knitting needles from an umbrella, sheffler was called an umbrella tree.

    Peculiarities of growing a sheffler - a brief description.

    The plant does not tolerate direct sunlight. In winter, the sheffler is placed in a bright place, but protected from direct rays (this is especially important in warm rooms). Only variegated forms suffer from a lack of light.

    Planting a houseplant sheffler

    The main reason for the rapid spread of indoor types of shefflers is decorativeness and unpretentiousness. Even novice growers, with a minimum of time and effort, can quickly grow this beautiful flower on their windowsill.

    In addition, there is a second explanation for the popularity of shefflers. Nowadays, it is rare for a house (not to mention offices) to do without a computer, TV and other equipment that makes indoor air dead and harmful. Schefflera is deservedly credited with properties to improve the environment. Like a sponge, it absorbs all the negativity, filling the space with phytoncides, humidifying the air and ionizing it.

    A positive effect on the nervous system has been noted: sheflera with its presence soothes, relieves irritation, enhances concentration and memory.

    Fitting methods

    To get a shefflera, you can buy it in a store, or you can try to grow a whole plant from a shoot, cutting or seed.

    Optimal landing time

    It is best to plant and transplant sheffler in early spring. then it will be easier to take root and have time to get stronger before the onset of the winter rest period.

    Plant soil

    Schefflera soil can be bought ready-made. The flower shop recommends the right compositions. Most often these are mixtures for ficuses or palm trees.

    But you can prepare the soil yourself. To do this, you need to take one part of pure river sand, add three more parts of leafy soil and two parts of turf to it. You can replace two parts of leafy soil with one part of humus.

    IMPORTANT! According to the structure, the soil should be fairly soft, loose and permeable, but not acidic.

    Growing an umbrella tree is fairly easy. Subject to certain sheffler rules in the interior, it will look surprisingly attractive, and it will remain beautiful and not capricious in care for many years.

    Plant location and lighting

    Scheffler loves the light, but is afraid of direct sunlight. Therefore, ideally, you need to put pots on the south side, slightly shading the plant. The western and east-oriented windows are also favorable.

    Exceptions are shefflera species with variegated leaves. Only places with high illumination are suitable for their cultivation.

    Humidity

    The only difficulty in caring for an umbrella tree is maintaining high humidity in the summer.

    In nature, the plant was formed in tropical forests, where there is no dryness at all. Therefore, at home, it is advisable for a houseplant not only to water the sheffler with warm and necessarily settled water, but also to spray its leaves up to two times a day.

    Plant Temperature

    From spring to late autumn, the sheffler is active. The temperature for its cultivation is recommended to be maintained at 18-22 degrees. Small differences in day and night temperatures benefit the sheffler, but it must be protected from drafts and sudden changes in conditions.

    How to water properly

    The subtlety of watering the umbrella beauty lies in capturing the correct watering time. This time can be determined by the following signs: the top layer of the soil is already dry, but the clod of earth is still wet, which will show the weight of the pot.

    In the conditions of an ordinary city apartment with its dryness, you can put the sheffler in a tray filled with expanded clay and add soft and warm water directly to this tray.

    Watered 2-3 times a week in summer. Much less so in winter.

    A healthy mature plant needs to be fed. Due to the similarity of the conditions for shefflers with the conditions for palms and ficuses, fertilizer can also be borrowed from these plant species or pamper the flower with universal fertilizer with mineral additives.

    It is necessary to fertilize the plant during its active growth phase (excluding winter). If the plant has not fully taken root after transplantation or propagation, it is necessary to wait for the first young leaves, and then apply nutrients.

    Feeding frequency - once a month. You can help the plant with foliar top dressing by spraying it with bioregulators, for example, Zircon or Epin. This is also done approximately once every 4 weeks.

    Sheffler trimming (For what purpose, complexity of the process, availability)

    While the plant is young, it pleases with lush greenery, but then the trunk begins to stretch and the leaves are only on top of the bush. In order to prevent a decrease in decorativeness, pruning is used. With its help, you can form a beautiful and compact home flower.

    Cutting methods

    Depending on the shape you want to give to the sheffler, you can use top or bottom leaf trim.

    The plant withstands both types of pruning quite calmly.

    Scheffler transplant

    A young plant needs to be repotted in the first year of life, because its growth is very active and it may not have enough space to live in a cramped pot. When the sheffler reaches 3-5 years, the growth rate slows down and it can be transplanted less often: once every 2-3 years.

    Transplant methods

    The transplant process can be of two types:

    • replanting with removal of the former soil
    • transshipment, in which the flower is carefully removed from its former pot and placed with a clod of earth in a larger dish.

    The substrate in which you plant the shefflera must be loose and fertile. The mixture of sand and earth must be thoroughly mixed, subjected to a disinfecting treatment. After transplanting, the soil must be compacted and watered without fail so that there are no voids left and the soil is tightly adjacent to the roots.

    If you are planning to make two, three, or even a whole greenhouse out of one plant, then get ready for much more difficulties than the usual daily care of a shefflera.

    Whichever of the three breeding methods (seeds, cuttings or cuttings) you choose, you will have to pay special attention to the humidity and temperature of the new plant, since it takes root quite difficult.

    Propagation methods

    You can grow a copy of your pet in the following ways:

    • cuttings;
    • layering;
    • seeds.

    The easiest way to give life to a new plant is cuttings. The trunk is chosen not young, but already lignified. Cut with a sharp short knife so that the stalk has at least 5 leaves. Before landing in the ground, they are kept for several hours in a bio-solution (Heteroauxin).

    It will help the engraftment of the process and powdering with Kornevin or coal dust.

    Pay special attention to germination conditions: soil, temperature, humidity.

    In small and well-draining pots with a mixture of sand and earth, heated to 22 degrees, cuttings are planted with a slight depth and covered with a glass or plastic jar.

    From time to time the sprouts are ventilated, stagnation of air during propagation by cuttings can also be fatal. It is recommended to spray them.

    A more complex and costly method is propagation by layering. To do this, roots are germinated on the stem, without cutting the cutting, but only cutting it. After that, the incision site is wrapped in moss or bandage, moistened and covered with a film.

    Please note: , if the incision site is not allowed to dry out, after one and a half to two months you will receive a ready-made process with roots for cutting and planting in a separate container!

    Seed propagation is the rarest way for shefflers. They do this in January-February. The requirements for breeding with seeds are the same: compliance with the temperature and humidity conditions, ventilation, a similar composition of the substrate.

    Seeds pre-treated with stimulants are planted to a depth of 1-1.5 cm. Then they are placed in greenhouse conditions. When the roots form a visible lump at the base, you can transplant them in separate places.

    Does the chefler bloom?

    Shefflera flowering can be observed much more often in outdoor forms than in indoor ones. The flowers are small, white or pink, collected in inflorescences and resemble octopus tentacles in shape. Because of this, you can sometimes hear the nickname "octopus tree". But even without sheffler flowering, the tree is so beautiful that this feature will not upset you much.

    Any violation of the natural conditions of the shefflera will affect its appearance: insufficient lighting will be indicated by pale and dull leaves or twisting of the trunks, the wrong temperature regime will give itself away by falling leaves. Slow growth means a lack of nutrients.

    A weakened sheffler can also be disturbed by pests: aphids, spider mites and scale insects.

    In the case when you notice that the leaves have become sticky, as if covered with a sweet film, know: this is an aphid.

    Plant disease is treated by spraying with soapy water or commercially available herbicides.

    Spider mite attack is easy to spot by thin cobwebs on and around the leaves. Karbofos - will help get rid of this scourge. But remember that the tick is ubiquitous and cunning. It can hide in hard-to-reach places, such as in or under leaf axils.

    General rule: the infected specimen must be isolated from the rest!!

    Aphids and mites are afraid of common mustard infusions. Recipe: take 50 g of dry mustard, insist in 6 liters of warm water for 3 days. Then dilute to two buckets and wipe, as well as spray the plant 2-3 times a day.

    Common species

    The sheffler plant has almost three dozen species:

    • Scheffler mix is not so much a separate type of shefflera, but a mixture of several types in one pot or tray. It looks very impressive and attractive.
    • Scheffler Jeanine is one of the Schefflera cultivars with smaller but more beautiful leaves. Their color resembles stains of white-yellow-green paints. The leaves are pinnate at the edges.
    • Scheffler Nora has small light green leaves.
    • Sheffler Gerd - a variety of a plant in which the middle is light yellow, and the edges are green, a very rich dense shade.
    • Scheffler Louisiana - perhaps the most beautiful and elegant version of the sheffler. Leaves resemble glossy leather in texture. The color is green, juicy, with light spots.
    • Sheflera Janine
    • Scheffler Louisiana
    • Scheffler Nora
    • Scheffler Gerd

    By adjusting humidity, temperature and light, you can achieve a wonderful look and quality of your particular shefflera. Listen and look closely at your green pet, especially during the first time he stays in your house, and he will repay you handsomely.

    Answers to questions from readers

    With proper care, timely transplanting and pruning, a sheffler can live up to 20 years.

    If you allow strong growth (up to 2 meters in height), then it will simply no longer fit in your house.

    Is this flower poisonous?

    Rubbing the leaves, the owners of the plant achieve a beautiful glossy sheen and a magnificent view of the shefflera. But care must be taken, because the flower is poisonous. Particular attention should be paid to this fact when pruning the plant.

    Don't forget! Shefflera juice contains substances that can irritate human skin and mucous membranes!

    Why leaves darken, dry and fall

    If the shefflera leaves start to darken starting from the tips, urgently pay attention to humidity and watering. Most likely, the plant dries up.

    If the leaves fall, then it is likely that you overdid it with the temperature, or vice versa, the flower is frozen.

    Scheffler's got spots? Keep it away from the bright and scorching rays of the sun.

    But due to lack of light, the leaves will fade.

    How does the plant overwinter?

    Like any tropical plant, shefflera must rest. This state of dormancy, when growth and basic functions are slowed down, usually occurs in winter. The air temperature is reduced to 15 degrees. Fluctuations of plus or minus 3 degrees are allowed. The best place for wintering is a warmed loggia or balcony. Shefflers sharply limit watering and observe her behavior. Excessive moisture can lead to flower diseases: dropping leaves or infection with viral infections.

    Shefflera plant , or sheffler , or umbrella tree , belongs to the largest genus of plants of the Araliaceae family, with about 200 species. Sheffler's flower got its name either in honor of the German botanist Jacob Christian Scheffler, who lived in the 18th century, or in honor of the Polish scientist Peter Ernest Jan Scheffler. In nature, representatives of this genus are lianas, shrubs or trees, reaching a height of two and a half meters and growing in the tropics of Australia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. In culture, some garden forms of cheflers with variegated foliage are in demand; cheflera has been grown relatively recently in the house. This is an exotic relaxant plant that absorbs negative energy like a sponge, saturates the air with oxygen and increases its humidity.

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    Planting and caring for a cheflera (in brief)

    • Flowering: the plant is grown as an ornamental leafy plant.
    • Lighting: bright light in the first half of the day, bright diffused light or light partial shade in the second (east and west window sills). You can keep the chefler near the south window, but behind a light curtain. Variegated varieties are more photophilous than forms with single-color leaves.
    • Temperature: during the growing season - common for residential premises, in winter - 16-18 ˚C, lower temperature threshold - 12 ˚C.
    • Watering: regular, moderate, with cool wintering - rare.
    • Humidity: is above average. It is recommended to spray the leaves with warm soft water, especially in the heat and during the winter in a warm room.
    • Top dressings: from March to August 2-3 times a month with complex fertilizer for decorative and deciduous crops. The rest of the time they do not feed.
    • Rest period: from September to February.
    • Transplant: young plants are transplanted annually, adults - as needed. Transplantation is carried out in the spring, at the beginning of active growth.
    • Reproduction: seeds, air layers and cuttings.
    • Pests: aphids, thrips, scale insects, spider mites.
    • Diseases: from chronic waterlogging of the soil - root rot, due to poor care - loss of decorative qualities.

    Read more about growing cheflera below

    Chefler flower - description

    Shefler's home flower is an ornamental deciduous plant with palmately dissected leaves with 4-12 lobes that look like a palm with spread fingers, solid green or variegated colors with yellow or white spots and stains. The inflorescences of sheflera are elongated, racemose, similar to tentacles, but you are unlikely to be lucky to see them, since the plant blooms only in nature or in a botanical garden. Typically, a room chefler is shaped like a tree, like Benjamin's ficus, or in the form of a bush. The shoots of the plant are thin, so when grown in one trunk, it has to be attached to a support. Schefflera is relatively unpretentious, so it will not be difficult to grow it even for a beginner grower, however, it should be remembered that the plant contains substances that irritate the skin and mucous membranes, so care must be taken when caring for it.

    Care of a cheflera at home

    How to care for a cheflera

    Sheflera is a light-loving plant, so it is placed on the southern, western or eastern windowsill, but during periods of too strong sun activity, the plant is covered from direct rays with a light curtain. If you already got an adult large shefler, install it near the south window in the immediate vicinity of the curtains. In an apartment where there is little light, you should not grow variegated varieties, since they are more light-requiring than a shefler with green leaves: from a lack of lighting, variegated leaves become plain. In summer, sheflera takes well outdoor vacations in light partial shade, protected from wind and drafts.

    The air humidity in the room where the chefler is located should be above average, and although the plant easily adapts to room conditions, daily spraying with settled water will have a beneficial effect on it. When dust accumulates on sheflera leaves, it is advisable to arrange a shower for it or wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. In winter, when heating devices are working in the apartment, the chefler is installed on a pallet with wet expanded clay or pebbles, but in such a way that the roots of the plant do not touch the water. As for the temperature, in summer the sheflera feels normal at the usual temperature for this time, but in winter it is more comfortable at 16-18 ºC, the lower limit of winter temperature for the plant is 12 ºC.

    Water the shefler with settled water, preventing the earthen clod from drying out. However, one should refrain from too frequent and abundant watering, which can lead to acidification of the soil and rotting of the roots. The water temperature for watering the sheflera should be the same as the temperature in the room, or a couple of degrees warmer.

    Chefler transplant

    It is advisable to transplant young plants annually in the spring, and adults - once every few years, as the pot is filled with roots. The container is taken 5-6 centimeters in diameter more than the previous pot. Before transplanting a shefler, place a thick layer of drainage in the pot, which will prevent stagnation of water in the roots. Soil for sheflera requires light, permeable, but at the same time fertile. Cheflera tastes best with a soil mixture of three parts compost soil, one part fibrous peat, and one and a half parts coarse sand, although general-purpose commercial soil or palm soil will work. In a new pot with a drainage layer, carefully transfer the shefler along with an earthen clod, add the required amount of soil mixture, lightly tamping it. After transplanting, the plant is watered.

    Chefler fertilizer

    Caring for a sheflera at home provides for mandatory fertilization of the soil in which it grows. Shefler is fed two or three times a month from March to August with complex mineral fertilizers for decorative leafy plants in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, alternating them with powder from crushed eggshells in the amount of one tablespoon. In winter, the chefler does not need additional feeding.

    Sheflera in winter

    When the period of dormancy comes, the shefler is placed in a bright room with a temperature not higher than 16-18 ºC, where she will stay until spring. Sheflera in winter does not need such frequent and abundant moisture as in summer, but the principle of watering remains the same: as the top layer of soil in the pot dries. We remind you: in winter, the chefler does not need fertilizers.

    Domestic cheflera - breeding

    How to propagate sheflera

    Shefler is propagated at home by seeds, air layering and cuttings. The easiest way to propagate is cuttings, especially since the indoor shefler does not bloom and, therefore, does not produce seeds.

    Propagation of shefler by cuttings

    For grafting, it is necessary to cut off the most developed semi-lignified shoots, cut cuttings with two internodes from them with a sharp knife, treat them with a growth stimulator - hold for 6-8 hours in a solution of Heteroauxin, and immediately before planting, dip them in Kornevin. Shefler cuttings are planted in pots filled with a mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions, covered with a transparent cap and, keeping the temperature under it within 22 ºC, place the cuttings under bright diffused light. From time to time, the soil is moistened from the sprayer and the cap is removed briefly to ventilate the cuttings. When the shoots take root, they are moved to a temperature of 18-20 ºC, and when the roots fill the entire pot, they are transplanted into a larger container and kept at a temperature of 14-16 ºC until rooting is complete.

    Propagation of cheflera by seeds

    If you purchased sheflera seeds, sow them in January or February in an equal parts disinfected mixture of peat and sand, or in a sterile substrate of leafy, soddy soil and sand. Seeds are also subject to processing before sowing: they are soaked in a solution of Epin or Zircon. Close up the seeds to a depth equal to three times the size of the seed, after which the sowing is watered, covered with a film and placed in a warm place, maintaining the temperature under the film within 20-24 ºC. From time to time, the film is slightly opened to ventilate and moisten the substrate. If you have the opportunity, arrange bottom heating for the crops - this will speed up the germination of seedlings. At the stage of development, seedlings have 2-3 true leaves, they dive into separate containers with a diameter of 7-9cm and contain at a temperature of 14-16 ºC. With normal development, by autumn, the seedlings are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 10-12 cm with a substrate consisting of soddy, leafy soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.

    Propagation of cheflera by layering

    Large plants are propagated by air layering. To do this, the cheflers cut the trunk vertically, wrap the cut site with wet sphagnum moss, which is moistened with a nutrient solution of 1 g of complex fertilizer in a liter of water or phytohormone, and from above this part of the trunk with moss is hermetically wrapped with polyethylene. The moss should be wet all the time, so you will have to remove or lift the film from time to time. After a while, roots form at the site of damage to the trunk, and two months after their appearance, the entire upper part of the tree is cut off under the area where the roots formed, and transplanted into a separate pot. The lower part is cut almost to the root and the remaining stump is watered. It is possible that he will give young shoots.

    Pests and diseases of cheflers

    Sheflera turns yellow

    With improper or insufficient care, sheflera is affected by scale insects, red spider mites and thrips. As a result of the vital activity of these insects, the plant loses its decorative effect: the leaves of the cheflera turn yellow, its growth slows down, and in the end it dies. To avoid the death of the plant from insects, regularly inspect the sheflera, and when the first pests appear, remove them from the plant with a rag or cotton swab dipped in soapy water. If you missed their appearance, and they have already occupied the plant, treat the chefler with a solution of Karbofos or Aktellik (15-20 drops per 1 liter of water), just make sure that chemicals do not get into the ground. With a very strong pest infestation, the treatment will have to be repeated after two weeks.

    Yellow spots on the chefler due to too bright light. Move the plant further into the room or shade it with a curtain from direct sunlight.

    Sheflera drops leaves

    It happens that there are no pests on the plant, but, nevertheless, the chefler crumbles. Why does the chefler fall off? The cause of sheflera leaf fall may lie in uncomfortable conditions for the plant. For example, if the room temperature is below 14 or above 30 ºC for a long time. Or in the case when its roots rot from chronic waterlogging. How to save the chefler from death in this case? You need to take it out of the pot, carefully remove the rotten parts of the roots, then lower the sheflera roots into the Epin or Zircon solution, then treat them with Fitosporin or sprinkle with crushed coal, transplant them into a fresh, wet substrate and put a transparent plastic bag on the plant, sometimes removing it for airing and soil moisture. The final package can be removed after 5-7 days.

    Sometimes sheflera leaves fall due to insufficient lighting, variegated forms of the plant are especially affected by this.

    Sheflera blackens

    Readers often complain that the leaves of sheflers turn black, starting from the tips. This usually happens when the humidity in the room is low or due to poor watering. Correct these shortcomings in care, and gradually the plant will restore its shape.

    Sheflera - signs

    When a chefler is accused of energy vampirism, it must be admitted that there is some truth in these accusations. Sheflera really absorbs energy, but only negative, so do not panic, but, on the contrary, try to spend some time next to her, especially if you are overcome by anxious or sad thoughts. Sheflera removes negativity and brings a sense of harmony, helps to stop quarrels in the family. The best place in the house for cheflers is the bedroom. It is there that you relax during sleep, and the cheflera absorbs all your anxieties and neuroses, instilling vigor and peace. You can place the shefler in the office or next to the student's study corner, since esotericism suggests that the plant has the ability to contribute to the productive assimilation of knowledge.

    It is also claimed that with the help of cheflers it is possible to predict the future. For example, those phenomena that we have just explained by objective reasons are interpreted differently in the world of superstitions. For example:

    • if the leaves of a cheflera are turning dark, this is a sign that there is a lot of negative energy in the room;
    • if the chefler falls, this is a harbinger that someone living in the house will get sick, or there will be a financial collapse, the loss of a large amount of money;
    • when the leaves of a plant curl up, this is a scandal with households or work colleagues - it depends on where the plant is located;
    • if the chefler stops its development for no apparent reason, this is an omen of future failures;
    • unexpected intensive growth of cheflera - to replenishment in the family.

    There is a perception that a chefler growing up in an office attracts clients and good business partners, and therefore an increase in income can be expected. By the way, most of all the plant helps people born under the fire signs of the zodiac - Aries, Leo and Sagittarius.

    Types and varieties of cheflers

    Very spectacular appearance with an unusual arrangement of leaves: 8-10 oblong-lanceolate shiny leathery leaves with a pointed apex, 30-40 cm long and about 10 cm wide, on drooping cream petioles. When the leaves are young, they are olive green in color, when they age, they become lighter, and the veins become lighter than the leaf plate. The underside of the leaves is matte, pale green.

    aka Aralia schefflera (Aralia schefflera) is from New Zealand. This tree is from 3 to 8 m high with palm-shaped leaves dissected into 7-10 lobes from 15 to 35 cm long. The lobes are lanceolate, thin, parchment-shaped, oblong-pointed, 6 to 8 long, 4 to 6 cm wide. margins serrated, young pinnate or irregularly lobed. The petioles are cylindrical in cross section, from 7 to 20 cm long. Small flowers are collected in umbellate inflorescences in an amount of 4 to 8 pieces.

    - a tree with an upright branching stem. Young shoots of this species are green, old light brown. The leaves, unlike other species, are pinnately complex, up to 20 cm long. This species has several varieties:

    • Gold Capella - this variety looks like a palm tree. Its leaves are green with small yellow spots;
    • Amate is a low light, most resistant to pests and diseases variety with bright green leaves.

    Radiant Schefflera

    or star (Schefflera actinophylla) - the most common species in culture with a powerful erect gray-brown trunk, thickened at the base. Palmately compound leaves, consisting of 7 ovate lobes with a slightly wavy edge, are located on very long red-brown petioles. In the original form, the leaves are bright green, shiny. Some lobes are so wide in the middle that their edges overlap. The veins are lighter than the leaf plate. This species has many varieties:

    Back

    The shefler flower is often found in the collections of indoor plant lovers, named after the German botanist Jacob Christian Schaeffer (not everyone knows how to spell his last name correctly, and add “l” as in the name of the flower, but in German his name is spelled Jacob Christian Gottlieb Schäffer) . This original tree with spectacular foliage is great for decorating residential premises, halls, offices. Caring for a chefler does not cause much trouble, but you still need to know some of the nuances. This article is all about growing an amazing flower: breeding indoor cheflers, treating diseases and taking care at home.

    The variety with white spots on the leaves looks very elegant.

    Sheflera belongs to the Araliaceae family, representatives of the genus are found in the countries of Oceania, Australia, and regions of Southeast Asia. In nature, cheflers grow to a considerable size, usually the height of trees and shrubs can reach over 2.5 meters.

    Among sheflers there are not only trees and shrubs that eventually lose their leaves in the lower part of the trunk, bearing a thick cap of umbrella leaves on the crown, some members of the genus have a liana shape.

    The leaves of the plant may have a deep green color, there are varieties with variegated leaves (white, cream or yellow bordering of the leaves along the edge).

    In room culture, cheflers have long been used to decorate rooms, while it is worth remembering that all parts of the plant are poisonous, and care should be taken when growing them.

    Growing and care

    Sheflera is an unpretentious flower, but it grows best if the agrotechnical rules for growing crops are observed. Knowing the basic requirements for caring for a flower will help you avoid mistakes when growing an umbrella tree. Sheflera care can be organized taking into account the following rules for keeping an ornamental plant in room conditions.

    Lighting

    At home, it is very important to choose the right place, southern and western window sills are not suitable for this, because the plant requires protection from direct sunlight. Bushes can be grown on eastern and northeastern window sills; in winter gardens with bright lighting, pots should be placed in the shade of large trees - the plants tolerate partial shade perfectly.

    Varieties with green leaves tolerate the greatest shading, variegated specimens require brighter lighting.

    If the plant is placed in full sun, the leaves may develop burns that cannot be cured.

    Temperature

    Mature plant must not be exposed to the sun.

    Sheflera does not like heat, so the room where the plant pot stands in summer should be cool. If the climate equipment is working in the room, it is worth making sure that the directed flow of cold air does not fall on the crown of the plant, otherwise the shefler sheds leaves.

    In summer, the optimal temperature for cheflera is from +15 to +23°C, the plant should overwinter in a cool place, at about +15°C.

    Soil

    Like all members of the Araliaceae family, shefler likes light, well-drained, fertile soil. You can prepare your own planting substrate by mixing the following ingredients:

    • Sand - 1 hour
    • Fertile humus - 2 hours
    • Sod land - 4 hours
    • Leafy earth - 3 hours

    The soil should be slightly acidic or neutral - pH 6.

    Ready-made soil mixtures can be used with Palma or Ficus ready-mixes.

    A layer of fine porous expanded clay is laid on the bottom of the pot, which will prevent stagnation of water at the roots during irrigation.

    Watering

    Watering is carried out from above, trying to prevent the soil from getting very wet, if the plant stands in a cup of water for a long time, the shefler sheds leaves. Water for irrigation should be at room temperature or slightly warm, well settled.

    Sheflera is a moisture-loving houseplant, so flower care must be thorough, especially with regard to watering. Watering is carried out dosed, but often. Do not allow the soil in the pot to dry out completely. In winter, sheflers reduce watering, maintaining high humidity.

    Humidity

    To maintain moisture, the plant can be placed on a pallet filled with wet expanded clay. It is useful to spray the air around the plant from a spray bottle several times a day. Leathery leaves can be dusted with a damp sponge; in summer, the plant will be grateful for a warm shower.

    Top dressing

    The plant needs regular fertilization, which is especially effective during the period of active growth.

    Nutrient compositions are applied under the root once every 10 days, starting from March, fertilizing the plant is completed in October. It is recommended to apply top dressing, alternating mineral and organic compounds. It is useful to feed with microelements once a month.

    Fertilization is not required in winter.

    Transplant

    The pot is selected 5 cm larger in diameter.

    Transplant grown cheflers only when overgrown roots show from the drainage hole. It is best to transplant in the spring months, if necessary, you can transfer the plant to a larger pot in the fall.

    Don't forget about drainage - put expanded clay, gravel or small pieces of styrofoam in the bottom of the pot.

    Diseases and pests

    If the care is organized correctly, the plant will feel good, giving annual growth. Weakened plants are attacked by pests and can develop infectious diseases.

    Shchitovka, red spider mites, thrips - these are the main enemies of room cheflera. It is very important to notice pests in time to prevent the leaves from falling off the plant. To get rid of pests, you need to use special insecticides.

    Diseases are manifested on the leaves by the appearance of various spots: dry patches, black or brown weeping surfaces, all this is associated with improper care, as a result of which the plant becomes infected with pathogenic microbes and viruses. It is possible to treat diseased plants with the help of fungicides, while at the same time bringing the care of the plant back to normal.

    Varieties

    The trunks can be braided.

    Usually growers grow the following types of shefler indoors:

    • Schefflera actinophylla - in nature it can grow up to 12 m. The plant has a pronounced tree-like shape, a powerful trunk has a gray-brown color. The oval-pointed leaves are arranged on long reddish petioles, each leaf blade consists of 14-16 individual segments. The leaves are dark green in color with a malachite tint, have a leathery surface and a bright sheen. The variety blooms with yellow or scarlet flowers, collected in a brush.
    • Sh. eight-leaved (Schefflera octophylla) - octopus tree. The variety is named so for the milky-colored petioles hanging down. Leaves are yellowish when young. Adults are green. Flowers are yellow-green with long stamens.
    • Sh. arboricola (Schefflera arboricola) - found in Australia and New Guinea. A low graceful plant has many stems and root offspring. Young shoots are herbaceous in color, mature stems become brown over time. The leaves consist of 16 green plates. This species includes cultivars with yellow leaf markings (Gold Capella).
    • Sh. palmate (Schefflera digitata) - the natural habitat is located in New Zealand, where the cheflera grows to a height of 8 m. The leaf blades are divided into 10 parts, the length of the leaves is up to 35 cm, covered with sparse teeth along the edges.

    In room conditions, sheflera can be grown as a tree or a bush; plants with intertwined trunks are distinguished by high originality and decorativeness.

    How to propagate at home

    A rooted cutting can be planted in a separate pot.

    Shefleur can be propagated in several ways:

    1. Sowing seeds - choosing this method, you should remember that the propagation of sheflers by seeds requires the longest time. Growing seeds is a very painstaking task that requires patience, because an adult beauty will not grow up very soon. If your plant did not have flowers, the seeds did not start, you can always order seed on the Internet or buy it at garden centers. The distance between seeds is two seed lengths. It will take 1-2 picks of seedlings before planting in separate pots.
    2. Cuttings - to obtain new plants, mature shoots covered with tree bark are selected. They are cut into segments with 2 live kidneys. Large leaves are removed or shortened by half. Cuttings are planted in a mixture of sand and peat (1: 1). During the rooting of the cuttings, it is useful to maintain high humidity, for which the container is placed in a greenhouse, which is kept warm in a shady place. After the formation of roots, young plants are seated in separate pots with a diameter of 9-10 cm.
    3. Air layering - reproduction of cheflera in this way is only possible if you have a large adult tree with powerful branches. It is necessary to select a branch covered with bark, make an annular incision in the bark at the place where the leaves are attached, wrap the branch with moss soaked in nutrients or biostimulants. On top of the moss, you can strengthen the plastic film, which will prevent the moss from drying out. If necessary, moisten the moss under the film. After the formation of roots, the branch is cut off, planting in a separate pot.

    Schefflera, which is also called an umbrella tree, belongs to the largest genus of the Araliaceae family, native to the islands of the Pacific region, the tropics of Southeast Asia, and Australia. Some garden varieties with variegated leaves began to be grown on the windowsill. This exotic flower perfectly absorbs carbon dioxide, increases humidity and saturates the air with oxygen.

    More about flower

    Decorative leafy indoor shefflera has palmately dissected leaves, consisting of several lobes. They can be solid green or covered with white or yellow spots with stains. Racemes, elongated sheffler inflorescences look like tentacles. In room conditions, it blooms extremely rarely, it is formed in the form of a ficus, a tree, a bush. The shoots of an exotic culture are thin, so they are attached to a support.

    Flower care

    Indoor umbrella tree is unpretentious. Even a novice grower can grow a sheffler on a windowsill. You just need to be careful, because the plant contains substances that irritate the mucous membrane.

    Lighting

    Direct sunlight burns sheffler foliage, which leaves brownish, yellow spots with specks. The best place to place an exotic plant will be the western or eastern windows. It also feels good on the north side. Variegated forms, on the contrary, require southern placement, but with shading.

    Temperature

    Scheffler does not tolerate high temperatures well. The optimal conditions for keeping are 22 in summer and from 14 to 16 degrees in winter. The temperature should not be allowed to drop below 14 degrees Celsius. Otherwise, the plant will fall into a long stupor and die. If the temperature is too high, the leaves of an exotic plant become lethargic and fall off.

    Humidity

    The main problem when growing shefflers at home is excessively dry air. To maintain a high level of humidity, the green mass must be sprayed twice a day. Use only water that has been settled at room temperature. Foliage should be regularly wiped with a damp cloth to remove dust and additional moisture.

    Watering

    The culture does not tolerate stagnant moisture and drought, requires good watering. The earth ball must be kept constantly moist. Sheffler should be watered when the soil dries out. Large specimens are best watered through the pan. The last option involves the location of a flower pot in a container filled with water. In the cool and cold season, watering is reduced. Otherwise, the roots will rot.

    Primer

    An exotic crop needs nutritious, permeable, light soil. A ready-made universal or palm substrate is suitable. They independently prepare the soil from sand, sod land, humus and leafy soil, which are taken in a ratio of 1: 4: 2: 3. Be sure to take care of a good drainage layer of expanded clay, the thickness of which should be 5 cm. The soil must be well compacted.

    Circumcision

    Umbrella tree is formed according to one's own preferences. Some create bush shefflers, while others grow a straight tree in one trunk. Pruning is carried out in the spring, until the plant has entered the active stage of vegetation. For the first time, shoots can be shortened by half, but then only slightly shaped, conducting a kind of haircut. Cardinal cutting of culture will do harm.

    Top dressing

    Fertilize shefflera no more than once every 10-15 days. It is recommended to use mineral ready-made complexes. It is best to choose formulations designed for vines or ornamental deciduous evergreens.

    Transplant

    An exotic umbrella tree is transplanted into a new container as the root system grows. Young specimens require a pot change every two years, and adults much less often. Each new flowerpot is taken 5 cm more than the previous one. The event is held in early spring, when the length of daylight hours increases.

    Reproduction

    Umbrella houseplant propagated vegetatively and grown from seed. The latter option involves sowing planting material in early March. Seeds are soaked overnight in Zircon, diluted according to the recipe, planted to a depth of 1 cm. Plantings are covered, heated from below, kept at 20-22 degrees. After picking, the seedlings are seated in separate containers.
    Cuttings cut from healthy lateral shoots are kept in a biostimulator for about 8-10 hours. Roots can form in water or soil. In the latter case, the planting is kept for 1.5-2 months in a greenhouse at 20-22 degrees, regularly airing and spraying. After rooting, seedlings are grown in containers for 2-3 months, and then planted.
    Sheffler is propagated by layering. This method is only suitable for mature and strong plants. In the spring, the trunk of an exotic culture is cut, wrapped in sphagnum soaked in a nutrient solution, and covered with a film. Moss should not be allowed to dry out, then after two months roots appear. After waiting another 60 days, the stem of the flower is cut off, making an incision under the young roots, and planted.

    Diseases and pests of Schefflers

    The flower, like other indoor plants native to the tropics, often gets sick and is attacked by pests.

    Diseases

    The correct interpretation of external signs allows you to take timely measures to rehabilitate the plant:

    • If the leaves fall, means that it is too cold and humid in winter, and, on the contrary, hot in summer.
    • If the crown turns black, then the sheffler is poured and the roots begin to rot.
    • If the leaves begin to curl, means the air in the room is too dry.

    The plant can be rehabilitated by adjusting the conditions of maintenance and care.

    Pests

    The exotic shefflera is often attacked by insects, but most often suffers from:


    Against these and other pests in the first stages of the defeat, wiping with a cloth or cotton wool moistened with soapy water helps. In more advanced cases, the umbrella tree is treated with Iskra, Intavir-S and other insecticides 2 and 3 times.

    Sheffler varieties for home cultivation

    The most popular varieties are:


    Popular among indoor shefflers are varieties such as Nova with oak-like leaves, as well as Gold Capella, which resembles a palm tree with spotted and variegated green mass.

    Questions and answers

    1. Is it possible to plant several shefflers in one container?
      Young specimens planted together produce a beautiful and lush plant, but older shefflers are seated.

      Learn more