How to take care of japanese maple trees


How to Plant and Care for Japanese Maples

Few plants can equal the beauty and command of a Japanese Maple in the autumn landscape.

As a solitary specimen it is breathtaking, its fall foliage remaining for weeks, then falling into a brilliant pool of crimson, orange, or gold on the garden floor. As an accent in the border, it draws the eye to its blazing canopy of color, enlivening an area that might otherwise be dull in autumn. And in a large planting along a walk, driveway, or slope, it creates a ribbon of color brighter and more attractive than the most beautiful lights.

Many varieties of Japanese Maple are dwarf enough to be grown in containers and even as bonsai. These offer a moveable display of color on a miniature scale, their exquisitely divided foliage available for close inspection. Inherently an elegant tree, in the modern garden Japanese Maple may find themselves among shade-loving perennials or even cheery annuals—and why not? They are superb season-extenders for all summer-interest plantings, and offer much-needed dappled shade to understory plantings three seasons of the year.

Below is a brief overview of the ideal conditions for growing Japanese Maple, followed by some detailed recommendations.

Japanese Maples need:

  • Dappled or afternoon shade, especially when young
  • Protection from strong wind
  • Well-drained, consistently moist soil, neither excessively wet nor dry
  • Protection from late spring frosts, especially when young

Dappled or Afternoon Shade - A mature Japanese Maple thrives in full sun everywhere but the southernmost portions of its hardiness range, but is also happy with a bit more shade. It does need some sun for best foliage color, but the amount you give it can vary greatly. If you notice its leaves scorching during the summer, it's probably overexposed to sun. If the fall foliage isn't nearly as dramatic as expected, it may be getting too much shade. (But this could also be an indication of overwatering in late summer and early fall, which will cause the tree to keep producing new green leaves in autumn instead of changing colors as it should. )

If after a year or two your Japanese Maple does not seem ideally situated in your garden, don't be afraid to dig up it up and move it. Location is one of the most important factors in growing this tree successfully, so a bit of trial-and-error may be in order. The best time to move the tree is in late summer or early fall, at least a month before the ground freezes. Your Japanese Maple will be very forgiving—but cut a very wide and deep hole around it and leave as much soil clinging to its roots as you can when you dig it up.

Protection from Strong Wind - The foliage of Japanese Maples is quite fragile, drying out quickly in high winds. Of course, this doesn't mean you have to grow the tree in totally enclosed or protected areas. Just make sure it isn't being whipped around by wind on a regular basis, and it will be fine.

Well-drained, Consistently Moist Soil - Japanese Maple flourish in any well-drained soil except highly alkaline soil. Many gardeners grow them in acidic conditions, where they pair beautifully with Rhododendrons, Camellias, and Kalmias. But they are also perfectly content in neutral and even mildly alkaline pH.

The only other soil concern is salt. Japanese Maple tolerate heavy clays, loose sands, and everything in between, but they do not like salt soils. (Salt spray is another matter; they have quite a good tolerance for that.) If your soil is high in salt, consider growing your Maple in a container.

SHOP FOR JAPANESE MAPLE TREES

Japanese Maple are greedy feeders, especially when young. Before planting, work as much compost as you like into the soil around the tree, and keep adding it during spring and early summer. Composted matter not only adds valuable nutrients to the soil, it tends to retain moisture, which Japanese Maple love.

These trees are quite drought-tolerant when mature, but like most young trees, they need regular deep waterings during the first few years. Plan to water heavily twice a week during normal weather and three or even four times weekly in periods of drought. Whether your tree is young or mature, it will grow best in soil kept consistently moist by regular watering and mulching. A 3-inch layer of shredded bark around the entire root zone of the tree (but not touching the trunk) works well in all seasons.

To encourage the most spectacular color show in fall, reduce the amount of water you give your Maple in late summer and early autumn. Of course, do not let it dry out completely, but cut back so that it stops producing more green leaves and begins its fabulous color changes. You will be amazed at the difference this makes.

Protection from Late Spring Frosts - Spring is the season when your Japanese Maple is most prone to damage. It leafs out early—the first hint of warm weather will cause it to break dormancy. In many climates, there are several frosts in store after that initial warm period, and these can be dangerous, especially to young trees. Keep the tree covered when the forecast calls for frost.

Planting and Caring for Acers By Season

Autumn is the best time to plant a Japanese Maple. Ideally, you should plant at least a month before the ground freezes, so it has time for some root growth before winter. But if you find yourself planting late, don't worry. Your tree will wait patiently until spring to begin settling into its new home!

After planting, lay down 3 inches of mulch around the tree and keep it well watered until winter.

Unfortunately, late summer and early autumn is the best time to prune your Japanese Maple. It seems unfair to cut it back just as it's coming into its season of glory, but this is really the best time of year to prune. And as you might expect from its widespread use in bonsai, this tree responds very well to pruning, though it certainly doesn't need an annual trim.

We recommend that you inspect the tree annually and remove any dead or crossed branches, lopsided growth, and other unattractive features. If your Japanese Maple is quite dense, you might want to open it up a bit from the center to let more light and air in. And if you like, it can easily be shaped into just about any form that suits your garden. Many gardeners prune Japanese Maple quite heavily when young, to remove multiple stems and create a single-trunk tree.

Unless your weather turns exceptionally dry, reduce the amount of water you give the tree in autumn. This will stimulate better color changes.

And as autumn comes to a close, be sure your Japanese Maple has a nice thick layer of mulch, and pluck off any dead leaves still clinging to its branches.

Winter is a carefree season for Japanese Maple grown within their hardiness range and mulched in late fall. The only concern is heavy snow loads, which might cause some branches to snap. After a particularly heavy snowfall, brush away any large accumulation of snow, being careful not to treat the branches too roughly. Ice, on the other hand, should be left in place. It freezes onto the branches and is best left alone.

Spring is the most vulnerable time for your Japanese Maple. As discussed above, the tree will leaf out early—often spectacularly—and then suffer in late frosts. Keep it covered whenever frost threatens. As soon as the weather settles down, begin a regular watering and feeding schedule.

Summer is the only time you may ever notice pests on your tree, and most of them are completely harmless. If aphids become a problem, treat them with the same pesticide used for roses, and they will vanish.

During very hot weather you may notice the ends of the leaves drying out and curling. This is unsightly and may indicate that your tree needs more shade, but unless it occurs over a long period every year, it won't be fatal. Stressed-out Japanese Maple have been known to drop every leaf from their branches and still recover beautifully—usually re-leafing during the same season.

As summer draws to a close, reduce the amount of water you give your Japanese Maple. This will stimulate those magnificent color changes more quickly and intensely.

SHOP FOR JAPANESE MAPLE TREES

How to Grow and Care for Japanese Maple

As the name suggests, Japanese maples originated in East Asia and they are often part of traditional Japanese landscaping and garden design. Japanese maple trees are commonly used in bonsai as well.

The size of the Japanese maple differs by variety and cultivar. It can range from a shrub to a small tree. The shape is usually round or vase-like. It may also have a weeping shape.

The Japanese maple tree is renowned for its striking foliage. The leaves have five to nine palmate lobes. They may come in green or red (or both). In the fall, the leaves will turn to brilliant shades of red, orange, yellow, or purple. There are many different textures of leaves. Some have wide lobes, while others are finely dissected and lacy in appearance. The small, inconspicuous flowers are red or purple; these become a dry winged fruit called a samara that is about a half-inch long.

Japanese maple is planted in the fall.

Common Name Japanese maple
Botanical Name Acer palmatum
Family Sapindaceae
Plant Type Tree
Mature Size 10-25 ft. tall and wide
Sun Exposure Partial
Soil Type Moist, well-drained
Soil pH Acidic
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color Red, purple
Hardiness Zones 5–9 (USDA)
Native Area Asia

The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

Japanese Maple Care

The Japanese maple is a small tree that will fit into almost any yard and maples make a beautiful addition to any landscape design. While they have a reputation for being fussy, if you plant them in their preferred condition, they are really not that difficult to care for, although they are slow-growing so you'll need to have a bit of patience.

Light

Grow Japanese maple in filtered sun to part shade. It is a suitable tree for full shade if needed, especially in the warmer zones, but different cultivars have different needs, so do some research before making a purchase. Afternoon sun is rarely tolerated by any cultivar, often resulting in sunburnt leaves.

Soil

Japanese maple trees like moist, well-drained soil. Loamy and sandy soil will work well, but avoid soil that has high alkalinity; Japanese maples thrive in slightly acidic soil.

Water

Although Japanese maples prefer well-draining soil, they also like to receive regular waterings. The easiest way to regulate the moisture level of the soil surrounding a Japanese maple is to mulch it. Until your tree is well-established, take the time to water it whenever the soil feels dry, particularly when it hasn't been raining much.

Temperature and Humidity

Red-leaf varieties are more prone to leaf scorch than green varieties, that's why in hot, dry climates, green-leaf varieties of Japanese maples are usually the better choice. The trees can usually withstand moderate humidity. Generally Japanese maples do best best in USDA zones 6 to 8 though some varieties thrive in zone 5 as well. Protect your Japanese maple from areas that experience strong winds.

Fertilizer

Hold off on fertilizing a newly planted Japanese maple and only feed it in the late winter or early spring of the second year. Trees with healthy foliage that are planted in rich soil with plenty of organic matter do not need annual fertilization.

If you need to fertilize, do this in the spring. Apply a slow-release granular shrub and tree fertilizer and mix it at half the recommended rate for landscape trees. Do no apply a liquid fertilizer, as it can burn the roots. Spread the fertilizer evenly around the tree, starting at least 1 foot away from the trunk and beyond the tree's drip line. As a rule of thumb, for every 5 feet in height, spread the fertilizer 1 foot beyond the drip line.

Types of Japanese Maples

There are hundreds of different varieties and cultivars of the Japanese maple in a range of sizes, colors, shapes, and leaf textures. Some notable cultivars include:

  • Acer palmatum 'Coonara Pygmy': This dwarf maple is a good choice if you plan on growing your Japanese maple tree in a container. It has pinkish leaves in the spring that turn orange-red in the fall.
  • Acer palmatum 'Villa Taranto' is a weeping Japanese maple with delicate leaves that turn golden yellow in the fall.
  • Acer palmatum 'Wolff' (also known as 'Emperor I') is one of the best cultivars for USDA zone 5 (and maybe even zone 4) with stunning purple foliage.
  • Acer palmatum 'Sumi nagashi' is one of the faster-growing cultivars that grows well in USDA zone 5.
  • Acer palmatum 'Red Dragon', a laceleaf weeping maple with bright red, cherry-colored leaves in the spring that become darker over the summer and turn scarlet in the fall
  • Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' grows to a maximum size of 20 feet high with a similar spread. It has reddish-purple leaves in the summer and is greener in full sun. The leaves deepen to crimson red in the fall.
  • Acer palmatum 'Crimson Queen' with a height of 8 to 10 feet and a spread of 10 to 12 feet has a weeping habit and dissected leaf type. The dark-red summer leaves deepen to crimson. Fall colors include yellow, red, purple, and bronze.

Pruning

Japanese maples need very little pruning. Only prune out the lower branches if desired and remove any branches that have crossed for improved appearance. Other than that, simply remove any dead, diseased, or damaged branches. You can also control the appearance of the Japanese maple by choosing whether to train a single trunk or to allow multiple trunks to form.

Propagating Japanese Maples

You can propagate a Japanese maple with softwood cuttings taken in the summer:

  1. Using sharp shears, cut a 6- to 8-inch section of new growth that is hardened but still young enough to be pliable and not yet mature and woody. Only keep the top sets of leaves and remove the rest.
  2. Insert the cut end in a 4-inch pot filled with potting mix. For increased success with rooting, dip the cut end in rooting hormone.
  3. Moisten with water but don't oversaturate the soil.
  4. Place the cutting in a location that gets bright, indirect light. Mist it twice a day. Roots should develop within three to four weeks.

Another, more involved method of propagating a Japanese maple is by grafting. It involves joining the rootstock of a closely related species with the scion or upper stock of the cultivar. Grafting is usually done in the winter:

  1. Start with a two-year seedling that you previously started. The trunk must be at least 1/8-inch diameter. You'll need a sharp grafting knife.
  2. Pull the base plant out of dormancy for about a month by putting it in a warmer location.
  3. Cut a splice graft in a long diagonal about an inch long. Take a cutting of the same diameter from the cultivar plant, intending to fit the two together.
  4. Wrap the union with rubber grafting tape and secure the graft with grafting wax.
  5. Place the grafted plant in a place that gets sun but is not too direct. Consider giving shade to prevent scorching the graft.
  6. Recheck the wax in three to five days. You want to maintain a good seal and keep humidity high.
  7. Prune off any growth coming from the rootstock.
  8. Watch for new growth coming from the scion; that's a sign the graft is successful.
  9. Remove the wrapping once the scion develops leaves, preventing girdling.
  10. Plant in the ground after a year of successful growth in the container.

Growing Japanese Maple Trees from Seed

As most Japanese maples sold are cultivars, the tree that will grow from its seeds will not have the same desirable features as the parent. Given the length of the process and the unpredictability of the result, it is not recommended to start a Japanese maple from seed but propagate it from cuttings instead.

Potting and Repotting Japanese Maples

Aside from their use in bonsai, dwarf Japanese maples can also be grown as container trees and moved about the yard throughout the season. Plant them in a container with adequate drainage holes since Japanese maples do not do well in soggy soil. A terra cotta pot works well as it wicks away extra moisture. Japanese maples don't like to have their roots sitting in water so choose a well-draining high-quality potting soil.

Repot once roots reach the sides and bottom of the pot, or grow out of the drainage holes.

Overwintering

Japanese maples are hardy to USDA zone 5 but container plants need some protection during the winter. Move the container to an outdoor location where it is shielded from strong damaging winds. To protect the roots against the cold (in a container, they are much less insulated than in garden soil), wrap the container in burlap and bubble wrap, or protect it with an insulating silo.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

Japanese maples are susceptible to a various pests, including aphids, mealybugs, scale bugs, mites, borer, and Japanese beetles, which can defoliate a Japanese maple in no time. Aphids and mealybugs can be washed off with a garden hose. For the other pests, you might have to use insecticidal soap or neem oil, or, if the infestation is so heavy that it cannot be treated with organic pesticides, use chemical pesticides as a last resort.

Japanese maples are also susceptible to cankers, verticillium wilt, a soil-borne fungus that leads to premature yellowing of the leaves an leaf drop, as well as powdery mildew, anthracnose, and sooty mold.

Common Problems with Japanese Maple

If your Japanese maple tree is struggling, it could also be one of these common issues:

Twig Kill

Twigs dying is usually a sign of insufficient water. Water the tree slowly but deeply to restore its vigor and repeat it regularly to prevent a recurrence.

Manganese Deficiency

The most common nutrient deficiency of Japanese maples is a lack of the micronutrient manganese, which manifests itself as yellow or yellowish-green leaves with darker green veins. The treatment consists of injecting manganese in the tree trunk (capsules are available from arborist supply stores). But before you take action, do a soil test to make sure the tree is indeed suffering from lack of manganese.

Sunburn

Japanese maples are highly susceptible to sunburn on the trunks and branches so be very careful not to prune too many low or interior branches. Removing those branches can expose those areas to the sun, leading to significant damage. Similarly, be careful about pruning trees when your Japanese maple is an understory tree. Sudden exposure to sun will have detrimental effects on your tree. If you must increase sun exposure, try to do so slowly over the course of at least two seasons.

Watch Now: How to Grow a Crimson Queen Japanese Maple Tree

FAQ

  • The tree is not considered as invasive in the United States.

  • Japanese maples are grouped by size and form (weeping, rounded, dwarf, mounding, upright, or cascading), leaf shape (palm-shaped or lacy), and leaf color (red, green, orange, purple, white, and pink, depending on the season) which can give you clues about the kind of tree you have.

  • Japanese maples have rather compact root systems that are not likely to damage a foundation but depending on the size of the variety or cultivar, plant larger ones no closer than 10 feet from the house.

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Acer palmatum. University of Florida Extension.

Japanese maple planting and care, description and varieties of red maple

Japanese red maple is a very beautiful, decorative spectacular tree.

All summer and autumn, these beautiful plants delight the eye with their extraordinary beauty, and in winter you can enjoy the unusual structure of their crown.

It has many thin branches.

  • Description and varieties of red maple
    • Types of trees:
  • Japanese maple planting and care
    • Tree planting soil
  • Japanese maple propagation
  • Japanese maple in the garden

Description and varieties of red maple

Japanese red maples include: palm-shaped , fan-shaped and Japanese maple, and many more varieties that were bred by breeders based on the above.

From the name of the tree one can understand that the birthplace of the Japanese maple is the Land of the Rising Sun. Among themselves, they differ in carved leaves, which have purple or bright orange colors and shades, and the crown is also a difference.

The size of the trees depends on their species, they are three meters wide and up to eight meters high. Palm maples can be taller, while fan maples are dwarf. The flowers of the red maple are small, they are red or yellow-green in color, the color depends on the variety. After flowering, the flowers turn into lionfish seeds, these seeds scatter for many kilometers and later new trees grow from them. These trees are very beautiful and will decorate any garden or park.

Tree species:

  • Japanese . This plant has very beautiful and graceful leaves. The leaves change their color from spring to autumn, that is, the entire growing season. In spring they are bright green, and in autumn they are yellow, orange, burgundy and cherry. This variety of trees is very afraid of frost, because of this they are often grown in greenhouses and winter gardens.
  • Japanese fan . This tree has several varieties, they are small, have a crown of a very original shape, the leaves are golden or red, they are very similar to a lace fan.
  • Lantate Japanese Red. This species is the most beautiful among the Japanese maples, because its leaves remain crimson in summer and autumn. And they are also very beautiful in shape, they can be both five-fingered and nine-fingered, the leaves are made up of long lobes. This species grows very slowly, can reach five meters in height, and the diameter of the crown is approximately three meters. The flowers of this tree are red, flowering begins in June.

In addition to the above varieties, there are many hybrid forms that were bred in Japan. Here are some of them:

  1. View of Shirasawa — this maple is extremely small, its height is only one and a half meters. It has wide leaves, along the edges of which there is a border, their color is yellow-orange.
  2. Species "Bloodgood" , distinguished from others by inky black leaves.
  3. Beni Kava variety . This tree has ruby ​​bark and bright scarlet or fiery red leaves.
  4. Katsura species has red leaves that turn green in summer and turn gold in autumn.
  5. Species "Nicholsonii" . Its leaves are green in summer and change into a brick red robe in autumn.
  6. Aconitifolium . This tree is multi-stemmed, has curved branches and dark red leaves.
  7. Species "Mikawa yatsubusa" is a small tree about one and a half meters high, dense with a squat crown. The leaf lobes are thin and needle-shaped, bright green in summer and orange-red in autumn.
  8. Shino Buga Oka , this species is only one meter high. The tree is incredibly spreading. It has decorative leaves that are bright green in summer and yellow-orange in autumn.

Japanese maple planting and care

Trees that grow in the wild prefer humus-rich soil that is slightly acidic. And they also like places where there is partial shade and stable humidity.

Soil for planting a tree

This type of tree will not grow in soil where there is a lot of alkali, and also does not like places where water stagnates and is not permeable. But the scorching rays of the sun and the drying of the soil have a very bad effect on the appearance of the leaves. Species that have two-color or bordered leaves suffer the most from the scorching sun. Such varieties should grow in partial shade.

The Japanese species develops very well in abundant, diffused light.

Trees will feel best in gardens and parks, where the bright sun appears in the morning and in the evening, and where it will not appear during the day. This tree is not at all afraid of drafts.

It is important not to forget that Japanese maples are heat-loving trees, they are very afraid of spring frosts, frosts damage their young leaves. For this reason, trees must be covered with garden fleece for the winter.

In areas where the climate is mild, maple branches need to be cleared of snow, as they can break under its weight. Fan maple suffers the most from snow.

Maple trees need to be watered often and a lot during the dry season, the leaves should be sprayed in the morning and in the evening. If this is not done, then the tree under the scorching sun and from a lack of moisture will experience very great stress, this will be shown by its sheets, the tips, which will dry and then fall off.

If this happens, the tree should be watered frequently, sprayed regularly and stop feeding. This will help him recover and regain his former appearance.

In spring and autumn it is necessary to mulch the soil around the trunk, for this, humus from the leaves, tree bark, garden compost and various wood chips are suitable. Mulching is very important for Japanese maple. It will protect the soil from drying out, and fertilizer will also serve the root system from freezing all year round.

Before mulching with compost or humus, approval granules must be applied to the soil, and then sprinkled with colored chips on top of the soil. A spring top dressing that is slow acting and will nourish the maple tree all year round. But it is strictly forbidden to feed a tree with nitrogenous fertilizers.

If the soil in which the maple grows is poor in minerals, then fertilizer should be applied twice a year, these should be minerals that act for a long time. In this case, you need to feed the tree in spring and summer.

Pruning is needed only for mature and old, very dense trees that have lost their decorative effect. Such trees need pruning to make them look lighter and more transparent, especially since pruning is also a prevention of fungal diseases. Pruning is carried out when the maple is in a dormant period - this is early spring or late autumn.

If the tree is properly cared for, it will delight you with its beauty for many years.

Japanese maple propagation

Japanese maple mainly propagated by seeds . Seeds for propagation must be fresh, they must be collected immediately after ripening, most often this is done in October.

Seeds for propagation should be placed in a dry bag and stored in a cool place. In the spring, the seeds must be planted in containers, before that they must be treated with a growth stimulating agent.

Seedlings grow a little during the three summer months, but it is already possible to separate weak seedlings from strong ones. Weak seedlings must be removed, and strong ones should be placed in a cool place, but with a positive temperature. In the spring, strong seedlings should be planted in pots, and when they reach thirty centimeters in height, they should be transplanted into open ground, where they will grow constantly. If you decide to plant maple in a tub, then do not forget that the soil in it must be rich in organic fertilizers.

Japanese maple can also be propagated by grafting cuttings onto a strong rootstock of the same species.

Japanese maple in the garden

In areas where the cold climate prevails, maples should be grown in tubs so that they can be moved to a cool, but not frosty place for the winter.

Growing a tree in a tub has another advantage - it can be moved to the shade, the sun or any other place, and it also makes it possible to protect the maple from heavy rain or hail.

In Japan, these trees are placed on a base, this is done so that their beauty can be better seen, since the trees are stunted.

Japanese Maple blends very well with other ornamental plants such as shrubs, other trees, various flowers and ornamental grasses. Japanese maple will decorate any garden, pond, stone garden, park or just a place to relax.

Japanese maples will be very nicely combined with such autumn colors asters, oaks and chrysanthemums. Especially it will be incredibly beautiful in autumn, as maple leaves change their color at this time and become the most decorative.

Maple trees with undersized evergreen shrubs will also look good: decorative coniferous bushes, boxwood and juniper.

What is remarkable about Japanese maple? Planting, care and propagation of plants

Contents

  • Japanese red maple
  • Brief description of the most requested varieties
  • Japanese maple planting and care
  • Japanese maple seeds
  • Japanese fan maple
  • Japanese maple photo
  • Japanese maple buy

Leaves are perhaps the most underestimated feature of plants. But it is the leaves of the Japanese maple that are the keys to the successful design of your garden.

Japanese red maple

Japanese maple (Acer Japonicum) and Dlanical Fabric (Acer Palmatum) - high -decorative rods (Currently in the vests and Kustrati and Kustrati and Kustrati and Kustrati These two species, as well as a variety of the second - fan maple (Acer palmatum Dissectum) - create Japanese maple group . Miniature Maple varieties grow well in Japan, but can be easily grown in our climate. The most resistant is the green-leaved maple and its red-leaved varieties 'Atropurpureum' and 'Bloodgood'.

Japanese maples grow very slowly and usually reach several meters in height. In Japan, the largest tree at the age of 100 years, reaches 10 meters in height and 40 centimeters in trunk diameter. Usually Japanese maple and palmate maple grow up to 8 m, and fan maple - no more than 2-3 m in height.

When 200 years ago these plants began to be imported from Japan, which had grown there for centuries, European botanists were stunned by their incredible diversity. Europeans originally christened them with a Latin name - Acer polymorphum . And from this group, perhaps, this Japanese maple was one of the first that was brought to our region. This type of maple has almost round leaves , most of them are up to 15 cm long and consist of 7-, 9-, 11-, 13 feather-like lobes. They are very similar to the human hand. Because of the shape of the leaves, this maple has another name - hauchiwa-Kaede . There are four main varieties of Japanese maples : - A typical Japanese maple A. japonicum, in which the lobes are connected practically together and the leaf seems to be solid. Other maples: A. japonicum ‘Aconitifolium’, A. japonicum ‘Dissectum’, A. japonicum ‘Vitifolium’.

Japanese maple looks very impressive during flowering in May. Its flowers are red or yellow-green, large, up to 15 mm in diameter. But the tree is most impressive in autumn, when the leaves take on an enchanting color. In direct sunlight, the leaves turn red and purple, shading into bright orange and red. They look stunning!

Top varieties : Japanese Maple Senkaki (Acer palmatum 'Senkaki' or 'Sango-kaku'), Maple Garnet (Acer Palmatum 'Garnet' var. palmatum) dis'Garsecatum , Maple Katsura (Acer Palmatum 'Katsura', Acer palmatum var. dissectum 'Katsura'), Maple Butterfly (Acer Palmatum 'Butterfly', Acer palmatum var. dissectum 'Butterfly').

Brief description of the most requested varieties:

Japanese Maple Senkaki is an attractive and compact tree, a popular variety that is sure to be appreciated by lovers of Japanese maples. Tree height - up to two meters, suitable for growing in large pots and containers. Leaves lobed, usually with five lobes, turning bright orange in autumn.

Senkaki Japanese Maple (photo):

Maple Garnet — incredibly beautiful maple, you can look at it endlessly, especially in the autumn season. Average height maple is four meters. The main highlight is the unusual spreading crown, as well as the color of the leaves in the autumn months, they turn carmine red.

Maple Garnet (photo):

Japanese maple planting and care

Every gardener will be able to grow a very beautiful Japanese maple. You only need to choose the right place to plant, and also spend a little time caring for it.

Landing. Be sure to select the correct landing site. The ideal place for them would be sunny or partially shaded, protected from the winds. They tolerate some shade but are prettier when grown in full sun. Yes, these trees do not like transplants. Once you have planted Japanese maples, they should not be repotted because it is very easy to damage their delicate roots.

Japanese maples frost resistant. Regarding soil requirements , they should not be planted in wet soils. Japanese maples are sensitive plants. The soil must contain a high proportion of humus and be slightly acidic . If the soil is sandy, then it needs to be enriched with fertile garden soil. Due to the fact that the roots of these plants grow close to the ground, it is necessary to level the place where they are planted well. So you will be able to create thermal insulation layer that will perform its protective function both in winter and in summer. It is also necessary to cover young maple seedlings in winter as these plants may suffer from frost. Also, in early spring, shelter will encourage their buds to develop slowly.

Japanese maple ideal for planting in containers . And all thanks to his compact growth . But for the winter, plants in tubs should be moved to a frost-free room. It grows slowly and is also very picturesque. In addition to being easy to grow, Japanese Maple will provide you with a lot of joy in summer and autumn with its beautiful leaves that change color with the onset of cold weather. Expect fireworks of fiery red, brown, yellow and orange leaves.

Care. After planting the young maple must be fed . The first top dressing is a month after planting, then they are fed once every four weeks. Suitable complex fertilizers and compost. After the winter period, be sure to remove frozen branches. Gardeners do not recommend cutting tree crowns, because Japanese maple pleases exactly with its natural beauty. Also, don't forget mulch the soil before the start of the winter season. In hot weather be sure to keep an eye on the soil, maple does not like dry soil . Sometimes the leaves of the plant are also sprayed, do it in hot weather. Maple pest - gall mite . Watch the leaves carefully, if you see something suspicious, it is better to remove the leaf immediately .

Japanese maple seed

Many varieties of maple seeds fall in autumn, but there are varieties whose seeds can be collected in summer. The seeds are medium in size, most often brown in color, they are often called “helicopters” by the people, because they very slowly fall to the ground, and at the same time rotate. There are some difficulties when growing maple from seeds. It all depends on the chosen variety. It is easiest to grow maples, in which the seeds fall in spring or summer.

After you have collected seeds , they must be placed in the cold. It is best to put the seeds in an airtight bag beforehand (zippered lunch bags are suitable). The collected seeds are placed in the refrigerator. Each variety has its own temperature , the best option is 3-5 degrees Celsius. check the seed bag regularly to make sure there is no condensation or excess moisture on it. Seeds are taken out after 120 days. Seeds of some varieties can be planted after 90 cold days. Germinated seeds can only be planted in small containers when a second layer of leaves has appeared on a small sprout. Now you can plant the tree in the ground.

Japanese fan maple

Fan maple is a wonderful decoration of every garden or park. It is an excellent compact tree that impresses with the beauty of its leaves. Fan maple is one of the varieties of Japanese maple, because the historical Homeland trees - Japan, and also grows naturally in China and Korea. The tree is very compact, height - about eight meters. Crown very unusual, dense, spherical. Sometimes it has several trunks. The leaves of the fan maple are very beautiful and large, the average length is 12 centimeters and the width is four centimeters. The leaf is divided into lobes. Blossoms mainly in spring, small flowers in inflorescences, appear later Lionfish.

Garden use. Japanese Maple will look very good in a private garden as well as in city parks. Its interesting and very bright leaves attract attention. You can make it the main accent on your territory, because in autumn it is very difficult not to notice this tree. Japanese maple is very effectively combined with large stones or boulders, and even with small pebbles, which can be scattered near the tree root. The canopy provides shade so you can plant near the tree fern or other shade-tolerant plants. Landscape designers with good taste will be able to create very unusual compositions using maple and coniferous plants , as well as combining maple trees and flowering shrubs .


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