How to top a birch tree
▷ Pruning birch trees -【How and when to prune birch tree height】
03 Oct, 2019 Garden 0
The birch is a tree that can exceed 20 m in height and its normal diameter reaches 50 cm or more. It is a leafy deciduous that sprouts in March (northern hemisphere), blooms in the month of April, also a time of pollination. It is a plant native to Central and North Asia, widespread in Europe, as well as in the northern United States and Canada. In South America it is on a smaller scale. It is grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. In this article we will see how to carry out the pruning of a birch trees, we will explain how and when to carry out this task and with what tools. We will also take the time to talk a little about the basic care you need to perform in your birch tree.
Note: Please note that the advice given here is general, this blog is consulted from many countries in the world, with totally different characteristics, what not all tips will be adapted in the same way in all cases. Once you finish reading the article it will be necessary to analyze all the information and apply what you have learned in the best way. If you have any questions, remember that you can contact us to make your inquiries.
Table of Contents
1. How to care your birch trees
Although the central theme of this article is clear that how to prune a birch, we can not fail to notice that pruning is nothing other than a care or maintenance technique. Therefore, we will begin by briefly seeing the most important care you should take to this tree.
- Soil: Requires fertile soils and acidity (<6.5). It depends on birch species, the characteristics may change. There are varieties that hold well the semi-wetlands and very acidic pH (Betula pubescens).
- Irrigation: We usually associate the birch with river banks. The reason is that the superficial roots that it possesses have to have a constant humidity. It is an essential factor for the correct development of the tree. Therefore, if the birch is in a garden, it will require frequent watering in areas of low rainfall.
- Sun: Although it is a tree with great cold weather, it needs moderate sun exposure. Too bleak areas are not the ideal place for optimal growth.
- Sowing: It should be run preferably between April and May, months in which there is no risk of being affected by low temperatures.
- Fertilizer: Nothing better as a fertilizer than using wood chips or leaves and bark.
- Pests and diseases: You should keep in mind that the birch tree may have weaknesses before some pests, so it is recommended that you use an insecticide that allows you to protect it, preferably apply it in the tree’s bark or in the soil where it is found.
- Pruning: this point could not be missing in the list, in what follows we will develop it in depth.
2. What tools to use for cutting back Birch tree
There are several tools available for pruning a birch tree, you will have to choose between one or the other depending on several factors, the most important is the age (height) of the birch. Among the tools you can use are the following:
- Hand Pruning Shears: Stems up to half inch in diameter can be pruned with hand shears.
- Lopping Shears: It is suitable to use on stems between half inch and 2 inches in diameter.
- Saws: A number of pruning saws are available. These saws come with either curved or straight blades and of variable lengths and points. Curved blades that cut on the draw stroke are easy to use.
- Chainsaw: for the thickest branches the most recommended is the use of these saws with motor, in adult birches you will surely need them.
- Ladder, crane, scaffolding: since once adults these trees become very tall, you will need some strength that allows you to rise to perform pruning in height. Against this we always recommend that whoever is going to perform pruning tasks at height be a professional in the field.
- Elements of personal safety: any pruning task entails risks, and if it is also carried out at height the risks increase. Keep all the protection elements available (helmet, harness, gloves, glasses, etc.). And as we noted in the previous point, try not to take risks and hire a pruning professional for risky tasks like this.
Keep in mind that you must disinfect all the tools before pruning your birch. This will help prevent disease transmission, you will have to do it before you start pruning and every time you change plants.
2.1 Necessary care for pruning tools
If you want to extend the useful life of your pruning tools there are some basic care.
- Use the right tool for a job and avoid twisting or straining it.
- Clean and oil tools regularly by wiping an oily cloth on blades and other surfaces.
- Keep cutting edges sharp by regularly using an oilstone.
- Wooden handles should be varnished or regularly treated with linseed oil to keep them from cracking or splintering.
Carry out the previous care on a regular basis and you will be saving good money on tools. 🙂
3. Why prune any birch tree
Regardless of which birch varidead is concerned there are some reasons why pruning is necessary. We can summarize these reasons in the following:
- Every dead or sick element in the birches interferes with its nominal growth, occupying space and resources. Therefore proper pruning encourages growth.
- It is possible to avoid incidents with falling branches. In large plants such as birches, seeing a strong medium can cause the detachment and fall of branches.
- As with any plant, pruning is often the best treatment against diseases and pests. On the other hand it also exposes some parts of the tree to sunlight, which helps minimize the incidence of the disease.
- Improves the aesthetics of the tree. In birches located in gardens, pruning will always be necessary to improve the aesthetic appearance of the plant.
- There is no doubt that the shade that a birch plant can give is excellent, a shadow that you cannot take advantage of if its surroundings are full of low branches. Eliminating these low branches will improve the use of your shadow.
4. When to prune Birch trees
Keep in mind that in the winter months, the birch can lose sap from pruning wounds, so it is preferable to delay it until after buds sprout. Thus, the recommended time for birch pruning is between May and August (North Hemisphere).
If it is a pruning where only totally dead material is trimmed, you do not have the problem of losing sap, therefore you can carry out the trimming of dry branches at any time of the year. Something similar happens with diseased branches since you should not wait for an adequate time to cut them, but it is preferable to prune them just the detected ones to avoid a greater spread of the pest or disease.
5. Pruning Birch trees – How to prune
In birch tree there is five types of pruning that can be carried out. The first is that which needs to be carried out from the plantation and during the first years in search of a correct formation of the structure, the other pruning will be necessary during adulthood.
- Crown reduction.
- Rising crown.
- Cleaning crown.
We will develop below how these five types of pruning should be carried out.
As we said, the formation pruning the birch trees are necessary from the plantation, therefore we can conclude that the formation and planting prunings come hand in hand. So let’s talk a little about the planting of these birches.
The recommended age for planting is known as two sap (the first in nursery and the second already transplanted). At that age the seedling will be 70 to 100 cm high and a good radical system.
The ideal planting season is between November and March (northern hemisphere). The plant must be at a vegetative rest, without leaves. At that time it is convenient to carry out a conditioning by pruning of formation and elimination of branches, mainly, and cutting of the radical system.
Pruning birch formation, made in the first three years after planting, are indispensable. What should be done is to avoid double guidance, favoring the most vertical and best made so that the tree grows straight from the beginning. It is also necessary to eliminate the thickest branches seeking a balance in the arrangement of the branches in the plant.
5.2 Cronwn Thinning
This pruning that we titled as de thinning is the one we carry out when the crown of birch tree is very dense. Very dense crowns have the problem that they do not let in the amount of light necessary for proper development.
When this happens I recommend that you take some time to analyze the birch crown, and define which branches you can eliminate to lower this density. Try to cut the weakest branches allowing stronger branches to sunbathe and develop even better. Try never to prune more than 20 percent of birch tree branches.
5.3 Crown reduction
In this pruning, what is sought is to reduce the height of an adult birch, cutting large branches from the top. It is not a very recommended pruning since it impacts negatively on the health of the plant.
Although it is not a recommended pruning, in plants such as birch tree that can reach great heights may become necessary. When are they necessary? On multiple occasions such as:
- Birches located on public roads that disturb the power line.
- When a storm has spoiled the plant leaving a large number of upper branches with danger of falling.
In case of carrying out a pruning like this, do not forget to place healing paste in the pruning cuts, since you will surely have cut branches of significant thickness.
5.4 Rising crown
When we talked about the reasons why pruning should be carried out we said that it is needed to improve the use of the birch shade. With this pruning known as the rising crown, what we will do will be to eliminate all the annoying lower branches, this will not only benefit the best use of the shadow, but also redirect the energy towards the upper branches, producing an rising crown.Birch tree height
5.5 Cleaning crown
This is the pruning of the birch tree that is carried out to eliminate diseased and damaged branches and branches that have developed in an unwanted direction. By removing these leftover branches, it will expose the remaining branches to more air and sunlight and improve the structure and definition of the plant.
As I always say, before you start trimming, take some time to analyze the plant carefully, then you should eliminate the following:
• Cut any branch that is growing in a direction that does not go hand in hand with the development you want to give your birch.
• Cutting completely dry branches, it will help the aesthetics of the plant.
• If you find branches attacked by a pest or disease, it is time to cut it.
Once the pruning is finished, you should study what to do with the waste. If you have not cut diseased branches or attacked by pests, you can use them in your garden (for example, compost), otherwise, try to remove those wastes from the garden to avoid spreading diseases or pests to other plants.
6. Pruning birch trees height video
In this website we like to finish the articles with an explanatory video, this always helps to understand the concepts in a more graphic way. In this case, we will use this section to provide information on the pruning of a high-height birch tree. As you can see the pruning of a tree of these characteristics requires knowledge and tools that not everyone has, and since it is a risky task from here we recommend that you hire a professional for pruning like this.
We have taken this video from the YouTube fourwalk channel.
So here we are, I hope that everything was clear about how and when to prune birch tree, and do not have any doubt at the moment that you should take your scissors and trim.
How To Trim A Birch Tree? — Forest Wildlife
Birch trees are beautiful and often used for landscaping. How can you make sure your birch stays looking its best? Read on to learn more about how to trim a birch tree and what time of year is best for pruning.
What You'll Learn Today
- Can I Prune a Birch Tree?
- Can I Reduce the Height of a Birch Tree?
- How Do You Shape a Birch Tree?
- In What Month Do You Prune Birch Trees?
Can I Prune a Birch Tree?
Like any other tree, birch trees can be pruned. In fact, sometimes it’s even best for their health to cut away dead, diseased, or improperly growing branches.
That said, you have to be very careful when pruning birch trees. They are very sensitive trees, and trimming away too much or doing it wrong can cause more harm than good.
When pruning birch trees, only trim away dead, diseased, or damaged branches. Make note of the branches that need to go, then trim them away during the late spring through early fall.
Do not perform routine trimming during the tree’s dormant season because this may cause it to leak sap. Even if the tree isn’t actively sapping on the day you trim, sap may begin to flow before the pruning wounds have healed, causing the tree to leak.
If at all possible, avoid pruning a birch tree during the few weeks when sap is flowing.
If the tree sustains a broken branch that is posing some hazard to your home, pets, or family, then it needs to be removed immediately even during sap season. Just keep in mind that you will need to water the tree daily for the next few weeks to make up for sap loss.
Can I Reduce the Height of a Birch Tree?
Many homeowners plant birch trees for aesthetic purposes, not realizing how large the trees can get. If you have a birch tree that’s outgrowing its location, you may be wondering if it’s okay to cut away the top growth, making the tree shorter and perhaps less dense.
This practice is called topping. While it is technically possible to top a birch tree, doing so isn’t the best idea.
Topping a tree both weakens it and stunts its growth. What’s more, cutting away large sections of the tree will produce large, open wounds in the main branches, leaving the tree open to rot and pests.
Aside from being hard on the tree, topping simply looks ugly. It makes the tree look “bald” at first, and the new growth will come in at odd angles
Plus, after a few years, the new branches, growing straight up, will make the tree nearly as tall as it was before topping. Repeated toppings to try to keep a tree at a certain height may kill it over time.
To avoid having to reduce your tree’s height, plan ahead before planting it. Know how large the tree may get and plant it in a spot where it won’t outgrow its bounds.
You might also try planting two or three birch trees together, as they will have to compete for soil resources and may limit each other’s growth naturally.
If an existing tree is too large, it’s better to simply remove the tree than to top it or attempt to reduce its height.
How Do You Shape a Birch Tree?
Most birch tree species tend to shape themselves. They are very shapely trees to begin with, often producing a conical or triangular canopy without any help from a pruning saw.
If you want to give your birch a different shape than the one it develops naturally, it’s best to do so when it’s young, and to remove as few branches as possible.
Before doing any kind of pruning on your birch trees, it’s a good idea to watch a good tutorial video first. The one below is a great place to start:
When pruning and shaping your tree, it’s important to keep the following tips in mind:
- Don’t cut the tips off branches you leave. This practice is called tipping, and it weakens individual branches by stunting their ability to produce new growth. Over time, these branches will weaken and die, as well as harm the overall health of the tree.
- Stick to pruning branches 2 to 3 inches in diameter. Anything larger than this should be handled by a professional arborist.
- Use a pruning saw. This type of saw is made specifically for pruning trees; it is small enough to fit in tight spaces and sharp enough to produce a clean cut.
- Use the 3-cut method to make clean cuts that can heal properly. This method involves creating a small cut on the underside of the branch about 6 to 12 inches out to prevent the branch from tearing; sawing all the way through from the top an inch outside of the first cut; and finally removing the last 6 to 12 inches of the branch.
The 3-cut method is the best way to avoid damaging the tree and produce a clean cut that will heal well. The method is described and demonstrated in the tutorial video above.
- Don’t cut into the branch/bark collar. This is the swollen area where the branch connects to the trunk. Cutting into this joint will make it harder for the tree to heal itself.
- Don’t let the cut tear at the end. A clean cut is easier for the tree to repair than the jagged edges of torn wood. Slow down, don’t rush, and make sure the wood doesn’t tear under your saw.
In What Month Do You Prune Birch Trees?
Most trees are pruned during their dormant season, but that isn’t the case with birch trees. Since birch is a heavy sap producer, pruning during the dormant season can cause them to lose too much sap at once, weakening the tree.
Birch trees should be pruned in the late spring through early fall – after the new growth has been produced, but before the tree enters its dormant stage.
The best month to prune will depend on your specific region, but in general, birch trees should be pruned between May and August.
To trim a birch tree, it’s best to only remove the diseased or dead branches. If you want to shape your tree, make sure you do so while it’s young, and be careful to make clean cuts.
Avoid removing too many branches or branches that are too large, as this will weaken the tree. Finally, save your pruning for the spring and summer months to avoid causing your birch to bleed too much sap.
Birch, a photo of a birch in the summer on the site, a Russian birch in landscape design, what to plant under a birch
Here are some simple ideas that will help refresh your look at a birch - and at the same time a house with a garden
"White birch under my window . .." Here for more than 100 years these lines of S.A. Yesenin, but, fortunately, the native landscape around has changed little. It is still customary to treat birch as something painfully familiar, while for some reason birch is not very popular in landscape design. Meanwhile, there are many interesting options when a Russian beauty noticeably enlivens a familiar entourage: it all depends on what to plant under a birch. Confirmation - beautiful photos of birches in garden plots, collected in this article.
Andrea Swan - Swan Architecture
Let's start with the fact that "white birch" is the former designation of two of the most common types of birch in Russia (lat. Betula): drooping birch (Betula pendula), it is also weeping, warty or drooping birch, and downy birch (Betula pubescens). Therefore, in botany, in order to avoid confusion between the two species, it was decided to no longer use the phrase "white birch" as a species designation. In addition, there are more than fifty species of birch in nature, including dwarf birch (Betula nana), growing in the tundra, and even black birch (Betula nigra), common in the United States, a tree with a dark gray-brown trunk.
Arthur Lathouris Garden Designer
In the photo: beautiful thickets of the creeping tree will make the landscape with birches even more tender. To enliven the landscape, the simplest solution is to form a stable contrasting background under the tree. When choosing what is best to plant under a birch on the site, pay attention to the creeping tenacious. In May, the tenacious forms a real carpet of blue flowers on stems up to 35 cm high. It will easily transfer the shade under the crown of the most lush birch and withstand a lawn haircut (if you need to get rid of faded flower stems that have lost their decorative effect).
In order to prolong the decorative effect of birch and tenacious birch, you should choose its red-leaved or variegated form. In a sunny place, the leaves of the red-leaved tenacity will become almost black - isn't it a spectacular background for a white birch?
The same impression of contrast can be achieved by planting low ornamental Thunberg barberries with purple foliage under the birches. The only thing is that perennials will be more difficult to place between the roots of adult trees, and wherever barberry grows, the birch grove will become impassable. Therefore, it is better to dose the neighborhood with barberry.
Matthew Cunningham Landscape Design LLC
In the photo: a birch in the design of a garden or garden plot always looks appropriate. The exception is when it interferes with neighbors
In dense thickets of birch in the garden, fern can become a stable background plant that easily tolerates moisture and shade. Carved fern leaves planted as a monoculture are an interesting backdrop for garden furniture in the recreation area.
Closer to the water
What is the best way to plant a birch? — Of course, next to the water! Since, by their nature, our birches are very fond of water and damp places, the most successful neighborhood is a reservoir with marsh irises beautifully blooming in summer. Another option to make a decorative background for a birch is to add a bright color not under the trunks, but at the crown level. For example, in spring, openwork birch greenery will look beautiful against the backdrop of apple or cherry trees blooming behind it.
Grant and Power Landscaping
Birch can be planted in a summer cottage as a tapeworm. To create an unusual impression, you should choose the recently fashionable multi-barrel shape. On sale there are ready-made large-sized ones with a real blossoming "flower" from the trunks.
Advice: Given the speed of birch development and the ease of growing it in a summer cottage, you can form a multi-stemmed tree (as in the photo) yourself. It is only necessary to correctly direct its growth, tying the branches of future trunks to the pegs and shaping them with the help of regular pruning.
Gilson Group Landscape Design
At home among strangers
You can do the opposite and include birch in the composition of the whole mixborder. If most of the time the birch on the site will give shade with its crown, then it is better to form a mixborder based on shade-tolerant plants that bloom well in partial shade.
Variegated hostas accentuate the signature color of birch. In general, by selecting exclusively variegated forms of plants (variegata), you can enhance this vibration of white and green colors: for example, Brunner, lysimachia, camassia, xiphoid iris are suitable. There are even variegated colors of junipers.
The small variegated leaves of evergreen rooting euonymus look very beautiful at the base of the birch, the long creeping shoots of which like to climb tree trunks.
Even grass can give a beautiful frame to a birch. The fashion for cereal plants in the country has led to the appearance of a large number of ornamental cereals on sale. From ordinary fescue gray or ash gray, you can form nice regular bumps under a birch. True, this style of garden is more suitable for strict minimalist architecture.
Landscape Details, Inc
In the photo: beautiful birch trees leaning over the garden seating area - what could be more romantic?
Head down to the frame
Finally, you can make a whole arch out of young birches by building a frame for the plants, with which the crowns of the trees will be fixed, as in the photo. In the version with weeping birch, such a pergola will look especially interesting.
Instead of a palm tree
To decorate the patio, you can plant a birch, like an exotic plant, in a huge pot. It is better if this pot, permanently fixed in one place, will be without a bottom, because numerous birch roots develop very quickly, and in search of water they can go to great depths. The “potted” version of birch should be watered abundantly: an adult birch “drinks” about 40 liters of water daily.
Randy Thueme Design Inc. - Landscape Architecture
Agree, having heard this phrase, you can hardly imagine a construction of wide copper ribbons and birch trees growing through them. And absolutely in vain! Successful evening illumination emphasizes the relief of the wall. And the high height of the fence wall is only at hand here.
Christopher Stark Photography
Birch in the interior
Well, if there is already too much birch in your garden, it can be useful not only in landscape design, but also in the interior - as a home decor. For example, create an image of a sleeping winter garden next to the bed.
Georgia Home Staging
In the photo: the birch in the interior is so recognizable that it is almost impossible to confuse it with another tree
PineRidge Timberframe Inc.
You can decorate the ceiling above the chandelier in the living room with birch trunks - or make a frame for a country-style mirror.
In the photo: birch in the interior - walls of the house are finished with birch bark
Birch in design
In America, where our white birches are Russian and exotic plants, they are loved not only for the beautiful color of the trunks in the garden. The decoration of facades and walls with birch bark is a fashionable trend there.
Ercole Home signature chests of drawers with black tops, metal legs and black and white birch bark fronts graced the NY Now 2015 furniture show in New York. In some American homes, love for white birch takes on a truly exotic form! Maybe it's time for us to look at our native birch from a different angle?
Do birches grow in your garden? What plants are planted nearby? Share your ideas and photos with us in the comments section!
Düsseldorf I Einrichtungsberatung aus Leidenschaft
DIY cardboard birch. How to make a paper birch using the technique of symmetrical appliqué with your own hands
Hello! Today in our creative gallery - do-it-yourself dacha decor - birch crafts.
Our dear grandparents created these simply amazing and very nice country sights. Their team turned out to be very creative and well-coordinated. What can be judged by the results. And it was like this…
It all started with the fact that grandma and grandpa got birch logs without any purpose. And they began to think what to do with them. Thought-thought. And they came up with!
Maybe someone will look, look, and also make such little animals. And some just love it.
So. We present the whole complex of country animals in chronological order.
First there was… Such a horse!
From time to time such a cute hare even rode on it…
But actually this horse was invented for a reason.
And in order to carry such a cart with such flowers.
And drove. And where to go. This happens a lot with horses.
Hare from birch logs
And the hare began to have new brothers.
And sisters. They began to eat garden carrots
and take pictures with the whole family as a keepsake.
And even the horse was invited to take a picture. Suddenly - a ride on a cart.
And then the bear appeared. He was big, charismatic and very fond of collecting cones.
But that's not all! A friendly company of motley inhabitants of the dacha was replenished with such an amazing cat.
He was amazing because his eyes were not like those of all other animals, but green! For this, everyone respected him so much that he was appointed chief. And they even gave him a solid name - Mamai.
It did not work out, alas, only with the dog. No matter how they twisted and turned the poles, they didn’t turn into a dog. And Mamai remained in charge.
These amazing and cute birch crafts live in the country house of our wonderful grandparents.
If someone knows the secret of how to make a strict but cute dog out of birch logs, be sure to let us know! We will urgently transfer the information to capable hands!
This, perhaps, is all about country birch crafts.
Thank you for your attention!
And if you have any questions - feel free to ask in the comments! We will definitely answer!
On the blog you can also admire the creativity of our smallest creators. For example, copyright.
In the creative workshop you can in our performance. And in the "poems to order" section, you can. Or you can just something ...
And to learn about fresh stories, fairy tales, poems, articles and other news of my blog, you can subscribe to the news at the bottom of this page. Each subscriber is offered our gift - our ABC of Little Poets in e-book format 🙂
She simultaneously personifies death and resurrection, winter and spring. The Slavs considered her a gift from the gods, protecting a person. In many nationalities, it symbolizes light, radiance, purity and femininity. And all this is a white birch - so close to every Russian soul.
For work we need:
- large green beads - 100-150 gr.
- silver (light) beaded wire - 2 spools
- pieces of wire with a diameter of 1 mm and a length of 25-30 cm in the amount of 40-50 pieces.
- aluminum (copper) wire for the frame - 40-50 cm.
- mold for pouring the stand
- foil and cling film
- white threads (mulina or shoe silk)
— medical adhesive plaster
- toilet paper
— decor (moss, stones)
- white water-based paint (can be replaced with white gouache)
— black gouache
- hard brush
- PVA glue
— car varnish transparent aerosol
Step 1. Braid low.
Before starting work, we need to prepare pieces of beaded wire 45-50 cm long (you can cut two coils at once). Take one piece and fold it in half. We put on one bead and twist the wire in the middle of the segment at a distance of 1-1.5 cm (see photo). Then we string the next bead on one of the sides of the wire and twist it again for the same distance and so on.
In this way we make two types of shorts:
Long 8-9 beads in the amount of 35-40 pcs.
- long 10-13 beads in the amount of 100-120 pcs.
Step 2. Gather the branches.
Before we proceed to this stage, I would like to recall the interesting fact that there are many unique patterns in nature. So one of the mysteries of nature is the amazing sequence of tree branches. Namely, the branches are arranged according to the Fibonacci sequence (golden section rule), in simple words - along a helix or from small to large. Therefore, we will not forget about this fact and start small, i. e. from branches of the first order.
For all branches we need a so-called blank. It is done in the following way - on a piece of wire with a diameter of 1 mm and a length of 25-30 cm, we fasten three lows in an alternating order with a strong thread, as shown in the photo. Thus, we prepare - 30 blanks from long lows and 10 from short ones.
From the resulting blanks we begin to collect the branches directly:
The branches of the first order (crown) are made from short blanks (low by 8-9 beads) to which two low ones are added in alternating order (see photo). Such branches need 3 pcs.
Branches of the second order (middle of the tree) can vary and consist of 3 or 4 blanks (also, if desired, long branches can be added in alternating order along the length of the assembled branch). Such branches need 4-5 pieces.
Branches of the third order (bottom of the tree), they are the largest and widest - they are made by connecting the branches made according to the previous scheme (branches of the second order). When assembling such a large branch, it is necessary to use aluminum or copper wire as a frame, while its length must be sufficient to be firmly screwed when attached to the trunk.
Step 3. Building the tree.
Copper or aluminum wire with a diameter of 3-4 mm and a length of 50-60 cm is used for the frame. stand.
Keeping in mind the rule of the golden section, we begin to attach the branches to the frame, placing them like a spiral staircase. Branches can be grabbed with a strong thread or fixed pointwise with a medical adhesive tape.
Step 4. Planting and shaping the trunk.
To cast the stand, we need a mold and food film (cellophane bag). We line the form with a film (package), set the frame in the form and fill it with a solution (gypsum, PVA glue and water - the consistency of sour cream) to a height of 2-3 cm. After a couple of hours, the stand can be carefully pulled out of the form.
Before opening the trunk with the first layer of plaster, it is necessary to wrap the trunk with strips of gauze and bandage, making a slight thickening at the bottom. It is desirable to wrap low pieces of foil (food film).
In this work, I used the papier-mâché method of imitation of bark. To do this, you and I will need the roughest toilet paper and PVA glue (slightly diluted with water).
We tear off (Attention we do not cut with scissors) a piece of paper, coat it with PVA glue (diluted) and glue it to the trunk, imitating bark folds with wet paper. Gently coat the resulting layer on top. In this way, glue each subsequent layer. Continue until you are satisfied with the result. Do not forget to carefully impregnate each layer with PVA glue from above. With this technique, I made an imitation of a torn bark. Let the barrel dry well.
To decorate the trunk, we prepare a mixture of gypsum, water and PVA glue (consistency of liquid sour cream) - we begin to coat the trunk and branches.
If PVA glue is added to the mixture, the texture will be smoother, and if only gypsum and water are used, the texture is more pronounced (closer to natural bark), but the composition dries very quickly.
Let it harden for a while.
Step 5. Painting and decoration.
With white water-based paint (I use Snezhka - environmentally friendly and odorless), paint the trunk and branches and leave to dry well. To apply black stripes, we need a dry hard brush and black gouache. We dip a dry brush in gouache (we remove excess paint on paper) and apply black stripes along the entire trunk with horizontal movements. We paint the bottom of the trunk more intensively.
The base can be decorated with moss.
The final step is to cover the entire product with a colorless spray varnish. We open the bottom of the stand with varnish.
Do-it-yourself spring decoration of preschool educational institution. Master class with step by step photos
Volumetric trees from ceiling tiles. Master Class.
Spring decoration of the group.
Proshina Vera Ivanovna – teacher of MADOU CRR Kindergarten No. 60 “Skazka” Moscow region, Likino-Dulyovo
For the design of the group, I prefer to use ceiling tiles. I suggest you see how you can make voluminous trees with your own hands from ceiling tiles for spring room decoration.
Purpose: production of volumetric birch from ceiling tiles.
Show how to make three-dimensional trees from ceiling tiles.
Develop imagination, creative approach to the spring decoration of the room.
Raise the desire to make trees for the spring decoration of the group with your own hands.
The material will be useful to educators, teachers of additional education, primary school teachers and everyone who likes this idea in the design of the room.
Trees made from ceiling tiles can be used in the decoration of a group, a music hall, a staircase, in the decoration of theatrical performances or musical celebrations.
material: ceiling tiles, scissors, pencil, ruler, corrugated green paper, glue stick, artificial branch, "Master" glue, wallpaper, black, white paint, brush.
This forest fashionista
Often changes her outfit:
In a white fur coat - in winter,
All in earrings - in spring,
Green sundress - in summer,
On an autumn day - dressed in a raincoat.
If the wind blows,
The golden cloak rustles. I. Semenova
Birch is the most common species among deciduous trees. She lives for about 150 years, the trunk reaches 30 - 40 cm in diameter and 28 m high. There are about a hundred species of birches in the world. Birch is a slender tree with a dense, fluffy, bright green crown. The leaves are small - up to 7 cm long and up to 4 cm wide, heart-shaped with a serrated edge. Birch flowers - "earrings". The bark is white or yellowish. The outer part of the bark is birch bark. It peels off very easily. The birch tree grows at a relatively slow pace at first, but after a few years it begins to develop rapidly.
Linguists associate the Russian name of birch with the verb to save. This is due to the fact that the Slavs considered birch a gift from the gods, protecting a person. Birch in a number of traditions symbolizes light, radiance, purity, femininity.
Birch is a healing tree. People say about the benefits of birch like this: “A birch has four things: the first thing is to illuminate the world; the second thing is a cry to console; the third thing is to heal the sick; the fourth thing is to keep cleanliness.” For medicinal purposes, the bark, leaves and buds are used. The buds are harvested in early spring during the swelling period, but always before the leaves bloom. Store them in paper bags for two years. But a birch leaf is torn off in May, during the flowering of birch, when the leaves are still sticky and fragrant. Dry outdoors in the shade.
It should be remembered that you can not collect leaves from trees growing near roads. Birch leaves are good for making baths - they have a calming effect on the body, have a beneficial effect on the skin, help with dermatitis, eczema, as well as rheumatism, gout, stimulate the body's metabolism.
With the advent of spring, axillary birch buds emit resinous fragrant droplets called “tears” that attract bees. They use them to produce propolis.
Spring birch sap ("birch") is considered a blood purifier and, as people define it, "healthy" blood. It is taken 3 cups a day for skin diseases, all kinds of eczema, lichen, rashes, puerperal fever and diseases with high fever; considered a diuretic, it is used for gout, arthritis, rheumatism and scurvy. Experienced producers advise: when going to harvest juice, take a small brace, a drill with you, drill a hole in the trunk no more than 4-5 cm deep, insert a tube into it (such as for cocktails), deepening it by 2-3 cm. Tie dishes - a bottle, a jar, juice will flow into it through a tube. Do not forget to cover up the hole afterwards so that the tree retains its life. One adult birch can give, with skillful use, up to 150 liters of juice.
Modern bioenergetics confirm that this tree has tremendous positive energy, and advise people to recharge this energy from time to time. To do this, you just need to lean back against the trunk and stand like that for a while. For a Human, it is pleasant and useful to wander in a birch grove, where there is a lot of light, the air is transparent and clean.
Heavy dense birch wood is used for the manufacture of high-quality plywood, skis, small carved toys, whistles. Birch bark has long been used in folk crafts. Birch bark is the upper, elastic layer of birch bark. Due to its remarkable qualities (strength, flexibility, resistance to decay), birch bark has long been considered an excellent material for the manufacture of various utensils - traditional tues, in which dairy products do not deteriorate even in the heat, salt shakers, baskets, purses, baskets, boxes, ladles, simple shoes .
It is good to plant a birch near the house for the well-being of the family, protection from lightning.
If birch branches are thrown on garden beds, there will be no caterpillars on cabbage.
Birch is a blessed tree that once sheltered the Mother of God and Christ from bad weather.
As soon as the birch leaf unfolds completely, so you can plant potatoes.
Nightingale sings when he can drink dew from a birch leaf.
If in August the leaves on birches turn yellow from below, early sowing will be good.
If a leaf from oak and birch fell cleanly - an easy year, not cleanly - to a harsh winter.
If a lot of juice flows from a birch, then it will be rainy in summer.
If birch blossoms before alder and maple, wait for a dry summer.
If the birch leaves start to turn yellow from above, it will be early spring, if the leaves turn yellow from the lower branches, it will be late spring.
Russian birch is a symbol of Russian nature, a favorite tree of the Russian people. Slender, curly, white-trunked, she was always compared with a tender beautiful girl, with a bride. Artists and poets dedicated their best works to her. Birch in Russia has always been loved for its beauty. Our ancestors, the Slavs, called it the main tree of their land, its support.
Why - suddenly you were asked b –
Do you see Russia in the birch?
Because in beauty and strength
She will not yield to Russia.
On the seventh Thursday after Easter, the Russian people celebrate the holiday of the Russian birch - "Semik". It is marked by farewell to spring and a meeting with summer and glorifies the verdant earth. Semitsky Thursday and the days following them were celebrated in the old days with girlish festivities: round dances near birches in a grove, weaving wreaths and fortune-telling about grooms. Over time, some of these rites were transferred to the Trinity.
My birch, birch, my white birch, curly birch.
You stand, birch tree, in the middle of the valley,
On you, birch tree, green leaves,
Beneath you, birch tree, silk grass,
Near you, birch tree, red girls sing in seven,
Under you, birch tree, red girls weave wreaths.
On this day, churches and houses are decorated with young birch twigs, floors are sprinkled with herbs, and ribbons are curled into birch branches. The fun is accompanied by dancing, singing songs and round dances around the birch. The most familiar round dance “In the field stood a birch tree” was composed in 1750. Until now, he is popular.
April 11 is the Birch Day.
Birch in Russia is a symbol of happiness, purity, love and tenderness.
No other country in the world has as many birches as we have in Russia. Therefore, it is a symbol of our homeland Russia, a symbol of its spirituality, prosperity and longevity. And she will be in our open spaces forever, because our land is eternal and our people are eternal!
A little sun warmed the slopes
And it became warmer in the forest,
Birch green braids
Hung from thin branches.
All dressed in a white dress,
In earrings, in lace foliage,
Meets the hot summer
She is at the edge of the forest.
Step by step workflow:
Birch can be made in any size depending on your space in the room, even from floor to ceiling. To make a high birch, you need to connect the ceiling tiles together.
1. First cut off the thin edges of the tile evenly. We check how the tile bends: on the one hand it bends strongly, on the other worse.
2. Determine where the width will be on all tiles. We measure the desired width for the trunk and cut off the excess with scissors.
3. Lay the edges of the tiles overlapping each other (check for correct bending fibers). We cut along the ruler with a clerical knife, pressing the tiles tightly.
4. We spread the cut sides with a thin layer of ceiling glue.
5. After a minute, we firmly press (join) the tiles on a flat surface so that the cut points match exactly.
6. We strengthen the junction of the tiles on the wrong side by gluing a thin strip of paper. Let the glue dry. This will be the stem.
7. Cut off a strip from the wallpaper equal to the height of the birch. We make the width 1.5 -2 centimeters narrower than the width of the tile (trunk width).
We glue the cut off strip of wallpaper along the entire height to the birch trunk from the wrong side. We spread the glue with a thin strip of 0.5 cm. We apply it evenly so that the barrel does not warp. We put a load on top - books, let the glue dry.
8. Glue the wallpaper on the other side in the same way. We put the load for 10 minutes.
9. Here is the trunk.
10. Draw branches.
11. According to the template, cut out the branches from the ceiling tiles and stick them on the trunk. First, mark the junction of the branch with the trunk. Press the branch with your hand until the glue dries (no need to spread with a thick layer).
12. We decorate the birch with black and gray strokes with a brush and paint.
13. We make thin hanging branches. We take a vine with leaves. We remove the leaves and make blossoming leaves from corrugated paper. We cut strips of green paper 5 cm long and 3 cm wide. We fold it in half, bend the side corners into the middle - it turns out, as it were, “bags”.
14. Glue these "bags" to the vine.
15. Now you can decorate the birch on the wall.
16. Branches can be made from the stem of an artificial flower.
17. A branch of a rose turned into a branch of a birch.
18. Here you can see the volume of the trunk.
19. Birch put on earrings (real).
20. This is what a birch tree looks like in autumn.
21. And like this in winter.
Now let's make a maple tree.
Its trunk is thicker than that of a birch. We draw the bark: with a ballpoint pen, we randomly draw stripes along the trunk. You need to adjust the pressure on the handle. If, by holding the strips, the pressure is increased, then when bending the ceiling tile, it may crack or break. We paint over the trunk with brown paint. Then with a sponge we make chaotic primings with light brown and gray paint. The recesses obtained by drawing the stripes with a pen are painted over with black paint.
We remove the leaves from the purchased maple branches and make small green blossoming leaves just like on a birch.
And this is what maple looks like in autumn
And this is maple in winter.
General view of the spring composition.
Birch from plastic bottles will decorate any site, this Russian beauty will not leave anyone indifferent. Good afternoon, dear friends, today you are unlikely to surprise anyone with handicrafts made from waste material. But if the works are interesting and unique, then you will definitely like them. Today we will consider an interesting master class on making birch trees from plastic bottles, the author of this master class is Nelya Ashakova. Nelya has already shared with us her interesting ideas for decorating her garden with plastic bottles, and if you are interested, then look. Making crafts from plastic bottles is not as difficult as it might seem to you at first glance, and you will definitely enjoy the work done. Working with bottles is easy, even a beginner can handle it. So let's grow a beautiful birch in our area. After all, birch is considered one of the most beautiful trees on the planet. According to this master class, you can create other trees from bottles. Therefore, create and please friends and family.
To make birch we need:
* Green plastic bottles.
How to make a birch:
First we need to make leaves for the birch. This is the most difficult and tedious task. We take a bottle and cut off its neck and bottom. We will use the middle to make leaves. The best fit bottles are even, without any recesses. The leaves can be cut by eye or you can make patterns on which to cut out the leaves.
In the middle of the bottle, draw or trace the leaves with a marker. Leaves are best done in different sizes, then the birch will turn out to be more lively and beautiful. Here you yourself look at the number of blanks, because each birch will turn out to be different in size. But about 2 thousand leaves of different sizes need to be done first. You can call the whole family for help and then you will cope with this task much faster. When you have made enough leaves, proceed further. On each leaf you need to make veins. Nelya made the veins with a screwdriver or scissors, we squeeze out the veins on each leaf. Next, make a hole in each leaflet with an awl. You can also melt each leaf slightly over a candle, then the leaf will look more natural and more interesting. Everything, the leaves for making birches are ready. This is the most important part of making our tree.
Next, take a slightly thick wire and cut it into the pieces we need. We insert it into each leaf and twist it at the base. If you do not twist at the base, then the leaf will hang in different directions. Here is such a blank leaf turned out.
We begin to collect leaves into a branch. We connect them in turn and in size. Leaves that are smaller at first, and larger then.
When all the branches are ready, we start assembling our birch. We make a strong and reliable frame. It should preferably be heavy so that a strong wind cannot budge it. The barrel can be made from a plastic or iron pipe, here see for yourself what you have available. We paint the trunk with white paint and wait for it to dry, and then apply strokes with black paint. We fasten the finished branches to the main trunk. If the trunk is made of an iron pipe, then you can weld the branches (this will be more reliable).
We dig our beautiful birch into the right place. It can be concreted for strength))) Look what a beautiful birch tree Nely got from ordinary plastic bottles.
You can also make snow on a birch. We take the foam, crumble it and sprinkle our beauty with them. Instead of glue, you can use a paste. Here the snow on the birch is real and in my opinion it looks very beautiful.
Everything, birch from plastic bottles is ready, we thank the author for an interesting and exciting master class on its manufacture and we are waiting for new interesting ideas.
But we all know that every craftsman does his own work. Therefore, I want to offer you another fascinating master class on making birch trees with your own hands from bottles. The author of this master class is Safter Eshilev. Safter also shared his work with us, and if you haven't seen it, you can watch it. Let's start manufacturing.
To make birch you will need:
* Plastic bottles.
* Electrical cable.
* Plastic tubes.
How to make birch from bottles:
Take a plastic bottle and cut off its neck and bottom. We will use the middle to make leaves. The best bottles are smooth and green. If you do not have or few green bottles, then you can paint them. We draw leaves on the bottles with a marker, as shown in the photo.
Then, using an awl, we pierce each leaf at the base.
Insert a thin wire into the hole and twist. We do this with all the leaves.
You should have leaves of different sizes, so the birch will turn out more natural.
Insert the cut pieces of the stranded electric cable into the tubes.
Tubes of different diameters fit into each other, and a hose is put on top.
We also make the top of our tree from electric cables and pipes.
We put it on top.
Then we fasten the leaves on the cable in the right order and get a beautiful birch. The trunk needs to be painted with white and black paint like a birch.
Legend of the birch.
Finally, I would like to tell you one of the birch legends. It was a very, very long time ago. Then the Altai peoples lived in separate tribes and were mainly engaged in animal husbandry. Due to the lack of pastures, quarrels arose between the tribes, turning into war. One of the leaders of such a tribe had a daughter. Unlike her compatriots, girls with swarthy skin, she was fair-skinned. "Pale-faced" - that's what they called her around. The girl and her friends lived near the camp. According to custom, the young men must steal their bride from such a girl's "settlement". And only after that the girl, already a wife, returns to live in her camp. But one day, it is not known from where the enemies attacked the girls' dwelling. They knew that all the men of the camp went on another campaign to defend their native lands. The girls decided to defend their lives and honor themselves. The girls bravely fought with the enemies, many enemies laid down their heads. Enemies became furious and began to throw arrows at the girls. They spared only the pale-faced.
Finally, all her friends died. And only she continued to exterminate unexpected enemies. The enemies got angrier than ever and fired a hundred arrows at her at once. Pale-faced, slain by them, fell. In the place where the girl fell, a beautiful white-trunked tree grew. And only where the arrows of enemies fell did black marks gape. Kayancha - that was the name of the girl, which means “birch” in Altai.
In the Altai region there is a village called Kayancha, the beautiful slopes of the mountains in its vicinity are covered with light, beautiful birch forest, they keep the memory of a young, brave beauty.
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I love Russian birch, sometimes bright, sometimes sad,
In a bleached sarafan, with handkerchiefs in pockets,
With beautiful clasps, with with leon earrings,
I love her beyond the river, with elegant mantles
Now clear, ebullient, now sad, weeping.
I love Russian birch, she is always with her friends
In the spring she dances, kisses, as usual,
Goes where it is not city, sings where it is not supposed to,
Under the wind, the valley bends and bends, but does not break.
There is hardly a person who is indifferent to the beauty of a birch. Perhaps this is the tree most sung by poets. Birch is a symbol of Motherland and tenderness. I want to offer you a children's craft - Birch. She's not complicated at all. A child can do it on their own, but joint creativity is much better!
For this we need:
- sheet of white paper
- double-sided green paper sheet
- black marker or marker
Cut out a circle from white paper. Cut a quarter of the circle and glue the resulting part in the form of a cone. This is the trunk of the future birch. On it you need to apply the stripes characteristic of a Russian beauty with a black marker.
Cut green paper into thin strips. Screw them on a pencil or pen, and carefully remove. You should get funny spirals.
Glue the resulting spirals to the top of the cone - this is the foliage of the tree.
As a result, we will get such a beautiful birch.
And here is some more poetry about the inspirer of poets of all times - the white birch! and first of all, of course, from the most important admirer of Berezka - Sergey Yesenin :
White birch under my window
White birch under my window
Covered with snow,
On fluffy branches
With a snowy border
Tassels have blossomed
With a white fringe.
And the birch is standing
In sleepy silence,
And the snowflakes are burning
In golden fire.
Dawn is lazy,
Sleepy birches smiled,
Silk braids tousled.
Green earrings rustle
And silver dews burn...
Oh, thin birch,
What looked into the pond?
What does the wind whisper to you?
What does the sand ring about?
Or do you want to braid-branches
Are you a moon comb?
Reveal, reveal to me the secret
Your tree thoughts,
I fell in love with the sad
Your pre-autumn noise…
Song of the birch
Snowstorms whispered this tale,
Frost spelled on the windows,
Winds sang to the sound of drops,
Storms and thunderstorms echoed.
This tale about the holy oak forests,
Russian power, faithful soul.
This song is not for fun.
I believe in your happiness, Russia!
The heart was clenched with an impenetrable longing
That from evil that burst in an evil cloud.
Captivated Beauty Beloved
Buried behind a mountain steep.
I wanted to drive the wormwood into the distance.
Turn into an obscure Polonyanka.
How to survive this long night,
Save the faithful soul from shame.
“- Get away from me, evil power.
I have grown together with the roots of the earth.
Let me die. Here is my place of execution,
I will overflow with spring water.
I do not change my free will
For the wealth of your bright cages.
My tent, that flower field,
And your paradise is like red-hot lashes.”
Angrily evil hissed with resentment
“- turn you into a weak tree.
May you be beaten by rumors,
Let your greedy heart burn your soul.
They will not recognize you in that guise,
I will confuse the souls with poison.
Your land will forget about greatness,
Only for rudeness will you be fun.
I am a white birch tree.
My tenderness is like a crystal song.
Russia is my native land, joy is my pain
And my soul groans sadly.
Timelessness flies like a bird,
But there will be no prophetic curse.
You have become a belfry for the people,
For love and reward and honor.
Spring abysses were filling up,
Dawns with lightnings were blooming,
The wind is spinning like a whirlwind with joy
You remained the Beauty - Zaryanitsa.
You, Birch, our Russian soul.
You are our steadfast, gentle soul,
Patient, faithful, wise,
Like a clear sky - boundless!
HYMN TO BIRCH
If I sing to the birch
From above I'm commanded,
I'll sing her holy tears
I'll sing for you.
I am her sad face
I will dress in rhyme,
The whisper of leaves, the bird's call.
Wounds on the eyelid...
How bright it is in the open.
Wonderful light streams;
On a high slope.
Darling, she's standing...
I'll come up and, admiring,
Braids of branches
I'll gather a tight strand...
Come on, wind, howl!
Do not break a birch in a storm
If the soul is a diamond,
Even in the autumn gloom
You are pleasing to the eye!
In a winter dream, in a crackling frost.
On the edge of the village.
On the precipice, above the steep,
How sweet you are!
And in the spring... Good God!
There is no more beautiful!
Young leaves are tender,
You are at any time of the year
And for the Russian people
You are his soul!
Birch bowing her head…
In the forest against a snowy background,
Where it's cold, windy and snowy,
It gets dark in the dusk of the night
Birch grows side by side,
Curved in an ailment.