How to top a tree without killing it


How to Top a Tree Without Damaging It

Have an overgrown tree outside of your home? If you’re one of the many homeowners who have issues with their trees getting too top heavy recently, then you might want to consider cutting off the tops, also known as “topping.”

Although there are controversies over doing so due to safety hazards for those involved in the tree cutting and the possibility of tree decay if not carefully done, it’s still the preferred option for clearing tree tops.

Especially when they can pose problems for houses, telephone wires, and other nearby items should the tree end up breaking off due to weather conditions (e.g. wind, rain, thunder), having clean-topped trees is the way to go.

In this article, we offer you a few ways on how to top a tree without damaging it, as well as yourself and others around you. With our step-by-step tutorial, we will help you become knowledgeable and prepared for your next tree-topping session! Let’s get started.

Contents

  • What You’ll Need for This Step-By-Step Tutorial
    • A Ladder
    • A Tree Saw
    • Tree Pruners
    • A Helmet
  • Step-By-Step Instructions on How to Top a Tree
    • Be Experienced
    • Know Which Branches to Cut Off
    • Check Where It Leans
    • Give Yourself Enough Space
    • Start with Smaller Branches
    • Use the Three-Way Cut on the Collar of the Branch
    • Clean Up
  • Take Away Message

What You’ll Need for This Step-By-Step Tutorial

A Ladder

While a rope-and-harness method might sound like a good alternative, a ladder might be better to use instead, just because you can distance yourself from having to be directly on the tree while topping it, for safety reasons. Get a ladder that is not only high enough to reach the top branches, but also sturdy enough to remain stable on the ground.

For a solid tree ladder, we recommend getting Guide Gear’s 20’ Climbing Stick, which you can find here.

A Tree Saw

Make sure you invest in a saw that’s specially designed for cutting trees: other types of saws will most likely not work, as they tend to be more suited for thinner items and might be dangerous if used on a thicker object. With that said, purchase one that not only can slice through just about any thickness, but also is durable for long periods of usage.

If you prefer to stay on the ground, instead of climbing up to top the tree, you can consider getting a telescoping saw or a pole saw to reach those elevated heights without the need to make that extra effort to climb and then do the work up there.

Tree Pruners

Perhaps if there are some small, thin branches at the top of the tree, you can just use pruners to carefully trim them off, rather than using the large tree saw for everything.

A Helmet

Regardless of whether you’re at the top of the tree or firmly rooted on the ground, wearing a helmet is essential to your safety. Should tree branches fall and you’re in the way, being protected will minimize the damage done.

Here is a good, sturdy helmet that we recommend for your safety:

Shop now at Amazon

Step-By-Step Instructions on How to Top a Tree

Be Experienced

If this will be your first time topping a tree, then it’s advised not to do so, since it can be very dangerous not only to you, but also to the tree if not done properly.

To be experienced in cutting down tree tops is to know their structure, how to safely remove the branches without taking off too little or too much, and also how to keep yourself and others around you away from harm.

Instead, consider shelling out the money and hiring a professional tree-topper to get rid of those overgrown branches at the top. While you might be reluctant to pay for these kinds of services, know that it’s for your safety, as well as everyone else’s, and perhaps you can learn a thing or two from the expert, so that you can top the tree on your own next time!

Watch video: Cutting a tree from the top down

Know Which Branches to Cut Off

On the other hand, if you have plenty of experience topping trees, then you can go about figuring out which branches need to be sliced. Branches that are about to die or are already dead definitely need to be cut, as well as those that are decaying, in order to prevent the decay from spreading to the rest of the tree.

Also trim off branches that interfere with power lines, satellite signals, and even other plants that receive little to no sunlight. By doing so, you can help prevent safety hazards from happening while also keeping the tree in good shape.

Check Where It Leans

Whether it’s the way the wind is blowing or how it naturally bends, taking note of which direction the tree leans will help you gauge where you should be positioned to cut the branches off; in other words, if the tree bends to the left, then you go on the right.

Give Yourself Enough Space

Not only do you give yourself enough room to cut the tree tops down, but also for a drop zone (also called “lay”) down on the ground. Measure out the area around the tree, estimating the range that tree branches can drop down safely and clearing out the path for it. This will help make sure that you and the surroundings will be safe from fallen tree branches.

Watch video: How to Top a Tree That's Too Tall to Drop

Start with Smaller Branches

Slowly ease yourself into the tree topping by starting off cutting off the smaller branches before working your way to the bigger ones. By doing so, you can clear the way for slicing off the larger branches and also for reducing their size if the smaller branches are part of the bigger ones.

Use the Three-Way Cut on the Collar of the Branch

This is a special cutting technique to cut off tree branches effectively:

  • Locate the collar of the branch (the crook, or intersection, of where two offshoots meet).
  • Slice a notch into the bottom off the branch, around two feet away from the tree trunk. Cut only about one-fourth inch into the trunk. Do the same from the top of the branch, careful not to directly cut through the collar.
  • Slice the branch completely off just outside of the collar, and continue to the other branches on the tree.

Trim as many tree branches as you can, but also be careful not to cut off too many of them, since too many bare spots can lead to problems with too much sunlight and other issues for the plant.

Watch video: Demonstration of the three-way cut

Clean Up

While probably the most tedious work after topping the tree, it’s still important to clear away the debris in order to prevent accidents from happening on the ground.

You can either throw away the branches into the recycle bin for trash day pickup, or use them as kindle for the fireplace at home. Whichever option you decide on, know that you’re helping the environment!

Take Away Message

While it’s considered dangerous and even harmful to the environment if not done properly, tree topping is still a useful method to clear an overgrown tree top not only for the plant’s health, but also for the safety of the people and objects around it. Doing it in a safe, professional manner will keep the environment protected and beneficial in the way.

Topping a tree might seem daunting at first, especially if you don’t have any experience in it or have the necessary equipment to do so. However, by doing some research and getting some secondhand experience from professionals beforehand, you will be ready to top your first tree!

Enjoyed the article? Feel free to share and comment!

What's the Best Way to Deal with a Tree That's Too Big

If it has just dawned on you that the trees in your property are getting taller beyond what’s acceptable to you and/or the neighborhood, and you need to do something about them before they outgrow the space allocated to them, the primary question would be: How will you be able to safely cut down a tree to an acceptable size?

Tree Trimming & Pruning

When tree owners want to reduce the size of their trees and keep them in perfect shape, they usually resort to tree trimming (also known as pruning). Trimming a tree has plenty of benefits. Visually speaking, it can hold in check excessive growth that can ruin the shape of the tree and—if it’s large enough—potentially wreak havoc on their neighbors’ property. Pruning can also have the added benefit of reducing leaf diseases by increasing airflow through a tree's canopy.

Methods of Pruning

There are a lot of pruning types but the most common of them applied to tall trees are either tree topping or crown reduction. But which of these two methods deliver the best result? Which of these two will not harm your tree and disfigure it? Which of them are highly recommended by professional arborists?

Find out everything that you need to know about these two methods:

What Is Tree Topping?

Also known as hat-racking, rounding over, heading, or tipping, tree topping techniques involve removing the large branches from the treetop and leaving only lateral branches and stumps on the tree.

Is Topping Trees Good or Bad?

Unfortunately, tree topping is not really an advisable option for controlling the tree size. As a matter of fact, professional arborists agree that topping should never be utilized as a primary pruning method. It should only be used if you are planning to remove an unwanted tree.

Effects of Tree Topping

Since the tree is left with lateral branches and stubs that are still too small to take the role of producing and delivering food throughout the entire tree, topping provides numerous problems to the tree. Besides reducing the tree's energy-producing capacity, it also triggers regrowth of unattractive and vertical branches, which will also disfigure the tree permanently with ugly water sprouts and branches.

The branch wounds sustained by the tree are slow to heal, making the tree susceptible to fungal decay and insect attack. And since topping leaves the tree exposed without its branches and foliage, it can also cause severe bark damage.

Benefits Of Topping Trees?

Topping trees comes in handy in situations in which a tree has undergone severe damage from a natural disaster. Often times in such scenarios, tree topping may be your only alternative for repairing the tree. In other cases, however, it is important to note that the costs that come with tree topping exceed the benefits. Tree topping can shock a tree, leaving it unable to nourish itself. This can lead to disease and even abrupt tree death. Tree topping can also create risky situations for its surroundings, so it is in your best interest to avoid tree topping when possible.

What Is Crown Reduction?

Crown reduction is one of the most common methods that arborists use to control the size of the tree and keep its shape perfectly. It's also more ideal to use compared to tree topping. This method involves reducing the foliage of the tree while still preserving the general structure of the crown; doing this successfully trims the overall shape of the tree and controls its size. In a general sense, limbs that are located on the uppermost portion of the tree canopy are cut shorter in order to decrease the tree's height. However, they are only removed to the next lateral growth to be able to ensure that they heal faster and grow again properly.

It is highly suggested that only 20% or lesser of the tree's canopy should be cut at once in order to avoid the tree from suffering.

Effects of Crown Reduction

Unlike tree topping, the effects of crown reduction on trees are not harmful. Since the trees were properly trimmed and dying limbs or branches suffering from pest or disease are eliminated, their health is greatly improved. Additionally, crown reduction provides satisfying results where aesthetics are concerned.

Moreover, trimming your trees properly can also increase the production of fruit-bearing trees and ensure better quality fruits. Crown reduction also helps improve sun exposure and air circulation on trees.

Between crown reduction and tree topping, the former is undoubtedly the best choice that you should follow when dealing with big trees. Crown reduction does not just keep the tree's size balance; it also preserves the plant’s natural shape while also ensuring good tree health. Tree topping, on the other hand, is a harmful procedure. It may give you the result that you want but only for a short time; not to mention that it will even bring you more trouble in the future.

Hire a Professional For Your Tree Services

Tree topping, crown reduction? Which is better? You finally know the answer. If you really want to make sure that your trees are properly pruned, asking the help of a professional arborist is highly recommended. They will absolutely guarantee that your tree’s health and shape are not compromised.


Call (775) 352-4241 to get in touch with our professionals at American Arborists. You can count on us to take care of all your tree services.


What JK Rowling encrypted in the Harry Potter synopsis to conquer the whole world - Ksenia Denisova's Blog

If something or someone becomes popular, then someone needs it. This is my conviction regarding the stories that are happening around. And each promoted story has its own behind-the-scenes supervisor.

A simply talented person is not able to achieve (worldwide) success if he does not scroll certain numerological codes and secret concepts in his creations, and the gematria of his name does not add up to the numbers needed by the "directors". Conversely, a person chasing money and fame (and maybe even gifted) is most likely to achieve his goal: he will change his name, rewrite his date of birth and agree to any photo shoots, without even suspecting that he is broadcasting to the world. The simplest example: Marilyn Monroe, nee Norma Jean Mortenson. The pseudonym MM (= 33, if you turn the letters horizontally, one of the sacred numbers of the globalists) opened the way for her to advance in Hollywood. And there are so many such examples that it is not even worth starting to list. However, this article will focus on something else.

As many people know, I really like JK Rowling's Harry Potter books. In each of us lives a child who dreams of getting into a fairy tale, believing in magic and miracles. Rowling turned out not just a fairy tale, but an interesting work with a large set of esoteric concepts. They can be solved for quite a long time, she did a titanic work, exploring them. But with all due respect to the author, I understood that before her, equally talented people who had not achieved great fame had written on the same topics. Their books were also sold in stores, but for some reason, few people heard about them. Here, for example, is the "kindest witch" in Britain, Eva Ibbotson, who published a lot of books about magic and sorcery before Rowling.

She has the following book in her piggy bank:

Yes, she also had a magic platform at the same King's Cross station in London under number 13, which opened the doors once every nine years to the island of magic. Even in the design of the book cover, there is a familiar steam locomotive and schoolchildren.

Recently, wandering in a bookstore among the shelves with stories about magic, I came across the story of the creation of "Potteriana" - a colorful edition of "Bloomsberry" and the British Library.

I don't think I came across this book by accident. It contained the answer to my question: preserved sketches by hand, building the interaction of characters, research work of scientists, on which the author relied. But the key was the original synopsis of The Philosopher's Stone, which Rowling allegedly provided to publishers. I set aside a special evening for his study. And so, armed with a cup of tea and a cookie, she sat down under a cozy lamp and began to read the text in English aloud.

The first page of the original synopsis

Literally from the first lines, it became clear that this was text encoded at several levels, because the number of numbers in the paragraphs went off scale. It took me about half a year to decode - I returned to study, searched for material and made calculations in my free time.

Let's try to figure it out. In orange, I underlined what, in my opinion, is important, and made a translation of the text.

1. Harry lives with his relatives, the Dursleys, but they do not like him and avoid all sorts of strange things that happen around him. The line I highlighted reads: "The Dursley family's biggest fear is just the thought that someday Harry will realize who he really is" . In fact, this is what the global elite is afraid of: if a person is aware of his “I”, begins to develop and create, then it will be difficult to manage him. The head of the most famous bank in Russia speaks openly about the same. JK Rowling at the beginning of the synopsis plays this agenda.

2. So when Harry starts getting letters shortly before his 11 years, he is forbidden to read them. The number 11 is important here. Why exactly it? Not 9, not 10, not 12, but 11. Is that important to mention? After all, it was possible to replace it with “boy”, “youngster” or choose an even number at least. It will become clearer below.

3. Precisely at midnight on 11 -year-old boy's birthday, a huge Rubeus Hagrid bursts into the Dursleys' house and informs Harry that he is a wizard, handing him an invitation to a school of wizardry and magic called Hogwarts (Hogwarts). And also reports that they are waiting for him there in month .

That's how many numerical details they give us in one paragraph. Let's sort them out.
Midnight = 12 noon or 6 + 6 . Month = usually 30 days or 43200 minutes. 4+3+2 = 9.

In numerology, zeros are discarded, and sixes are often played as nines and vice versa. We are taught about this by the "directors" of behind-the-scenes games through musicians, for example. Here Jimi Hendrix has a simple song ‘If 6 was 9' - "If a six were a nine", from the movie Easy Rider, symbolically filmed in 1969. A kind of clue how to read their codes.

Simply put, in one paragraph we have a favorite number from the Book of the Apocalypse - 666 if we turn 9.

Here I underlined the word Hogwarts . What for? It is clear that the author skillfully thought out the names of all the heroes, but what will the inhabitants remember in the bottom line? Of course, Hogwarts and platform 9 and 3/4.

Well, since this word and numbers will be heard by the whole world (shops, souvenirs, tattoos), then these cannot be simple words and numbers. Coincidence or calculation, but Hogwarts in Sumerian gematria also add up to 666 .

It turns out that Rowling managed to scroll the so-called “number of the beast” twice in one paragraph.

4. To the dismay of the Durcy family, Hagrid reveals the secret of Harry's origin, revealing that his parents did not actually die in a car accident. And he got a scar on his forehead as a result of the influence of the evil sorcerer Voldemort, who killed his parents, but for some unknown reason could not kill Potter, although he was a baby. Also Harry happens to be very famous among other wizards.

Here I have underlined the word “mark” (scar). The mark is made in the form of a lightning strike.

Although it was possible to portray something else. But it is lightning that is symbolic and carries an esoteric concept. Thus, according to the King James Bible, published in 1611, it says: “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!”; in the Gospel of Luke: “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven” (Luke 10:18). Well, since Voldemort personifies Lucifer as opposed to the forces of light, the mark in the form of lightning is quite appropriate. It is also noteworthy that Harry Potter understood snake language: according to Christian tradition, Satan first appears on the pages of the Bible in the book of Genesis in the form of a snake.

5. In the next paragraph, Hagrid helps young Harry to get in London everything he needs for his studies at Hogwarts (cloak, wand, bowler hat) ... and puts him on the Hogwarts Express train at platform 9 and 3/4 at King's Cross station. So, Harry goes, like his parents once did, to learn magic.

In this paragraph, I marked "nine" and "three-quarters". Even those who have not read Harry Potter know about this platform, and at London's King's Cross station, thousands of people are photographed under this sign - in other words, these are hardly just numbers for beauty, "something non-existent, the average between 9and 10,” as Rowling herself put it. But if you look at this data from a mathematical point of view, then 9*3/4 = 6.75 >> 6. 7+5 = 12 (6+6) >> 6+6+6 . So Harry leaves platform 666 for a school with gematria 666.

It's time to go back to number 11 from point 2. When I read the synopsis for the first time fluently, all I remember is how 11-year-old the boy goes to platform 9 (with something there), not for nothing that the nine is much more noticeable than the fraction. Here the frequently played code of the “new world order” became obvious - 911 . Now it is clear why Harry is 11 years old.

6. It remains to parse the last paragraph, which is also crammed with numbers.
So: "Harry made friends with Ronald Weasley, the sixth of the Weasley family, going to Hogwars and tired of learning from used grimoires, and also with Hermione Granger, the smartest girl in the class, who knows all the secrets of using dragon blood » .

Why, at the synopsis level, do we need to know such details as “the sixth in the family” and “second-hand grimoires”, because we still don’t know that Ron’s parents, two brothers and a sister studied at Hogwarts ...

"The boys all gathered together for their first lesson in magic - astronomy - in the highest tower of the school at two o'clock in the morning." This concludes the main text of the synopsis: I did not include here the second sheet with two paragraphs, which lists magic items.

Just a little bit of arithmetic left. One "six" is registered with us, but I puzzled for a long time how to decompose "2 o'clock in the morning" in order to connect them. And this is what I got:

We discard zero and get 12 (6 + 6). Together with the already mentioned 6, we again come to the number 666 .

Of the codes highlighted in the synopsis, the color code remains. Dragon Blood is one of the two colors used in Gryffindor symbols.

Pigment "dragon's blood"

Several centuries ago, it was believed that there was such a pigment, discovered even before the birth of Christ. It is known that the ancient Roman writer Pliny complained about the ever-increasing growth of the palette of colors, distracting artists from their creative work, and that "the Indians add river silt, the blood of dragons and elephants to the palette." But, of course, this is more of a myth. No animals were harmed in the creation of dragon's blood, as this pigment was extracted from the blood-red resin of trees of the genus Dracaena.

So, all possible numbers and codes convenient for "behind the scenes" are encrypted in layers and played on one sheet of paper in almost every paragraph. Here is the skill!

About J.K. Rowling

I'm not sure that J.K. Rowling deliberately made such a synopsis: perhaps in some of the publishers she was advised to beat the development of events in this way, perhaps someone set the conditions for publication. In any case, we can only guess. However, there are some clues that make you think. Yes, in 2019Rowling admitted on Twitter that she recently got a tattoo on her wrist with the inscription "Solve et Coagula", which in Latin means the alchemical process "Thin and thicken" and corresponds to the inscriptions on the hands of the androgynous creature Baphomet with the head of a goat, identified with Devil.

On the left is Rowling's enlarged wrist with a tattoo, on the right is images of Baphomet

In addition, nee Joanne Rowling chose a pseudonym for herself J. K. Rowling , adding the 11th letter of the English alphabet, which in ordinal gematria became the code 911 (or 119).

Sirius Black esoteric concept

In order to explain a little how complex concepts the writer loses in Harry Potter, I propose to analyze one of them.

You must have wondered why Sirius Black , helping the young magician, the animagus, turns into a black dog. The name "Sirius" comes from the name of a star in the constellation Canis Major. "Sirius" is considered the brightest star in the sky and plays an important role in magic.

The worshipers of Baphomet adhere to the principle of hermeticism: "on earth as in heaven", which is reflected in the position of the hands of this androgynous creature - two fingers point upwards, on the hand is written "Solve", the other hand points to the earth with the inscription "Coagula ". Exactly the same is written on the wrist of JK Rowling.

Moreover, the only dog ​​that died in New York during the events of 9/11 in 2001 was a Labrador Retriever named “K9 Sirius”. You can check this information on the police memorial website. Not only is Sirius directly connected to Code 911, so in K9 they also encrypted 911: K is the 11th letter of the English alphabet = 119 or 911 Sirius. The order of the numbers doesn't matter.

Well, in conclusion, I would like to recall the main characters of the film adaptation of "Potteriana". What do they broadcast to the world without leaving the covers of magazines? All the same three sixes and one-eyed symbolism. Naturally, I think this is what their handlers ask them to do; they themselves hardly attach any importance to it.

Daniel Radcliffe elegantly translating three sixes with both hands and Emma Watson - one-eyed symbolism

In addition, the entire "Potteriana" is a story about closed communities, with its own rules, color differences in clothing, coats of arms, and emblems. Finally, where did JK Rowling get all this knowledge from? From the same closed communities. For example, here is a screenshot of the spread of the same book about the history of magic, timed to coincide with the 20th anniversary of the "Potteriana". We see a portrait of Nicholas Culpeper, demonstrating the Masonic gesture of the "master of the second curtain" (this is not written here, of course). So, J. Rowling drew lessons on herbology from his 1652 book The English Physician.

I managed to work out such facts after reading only one page of the original synopsis. But despite all these researches of mine, it is worth paying tribute to the talent of JK Rowling, perseverance and self-confidence.

Shoftim

(18) You shall set for yourselves judges and overseers in all your gates, which the Lord your God gives you, according to your tribes, that they may judge the people with righteous judgment. (19) Do not distort judgment, do not show favoritism, and do not take bribes, for vengeance blinds the eyes of the wise and perverts the words of the upright. (20) Seek righteousness, righteousness, so that you may live and possess the land that the LORD your God is giving you. (21) Do not plant for yourselves an asheirim or any idol tree at the altar of the LORD your God, which you will make for yourself. (22) And do not set up for yourself a monument (a stone structure for sacrifice), which the LORD your God hates.

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(1) You shall not sacrifice to the L-rd your G-d an ox or a lamb in which there is blemish, anything evil, for it is an abomination to the L-rd your G-d. (2) If there be found among you at any of your gates which the LORD your God gives you, male or female, who does evil in the sight of the LORD your God, transgressing His covenant , (3) And he will go and serve other gods, and worship them, or the sun, or the moon, or all the host of heaven, which I did not command; (4) And it will be reported to you, and you will hear, and investigate well, and if it is absolutely true, this abomination has been committed in Israel, (5) Then bring out that man or that woman who did this evil to your gates, whether a man or a woman, and stone them to death. (6) According to two witnesses or three witnesses, the one to be killed shall be put to death; should not put to death according to one witness. (7) Let the hand of witnesses be on him first to kill him, and the hand of all the people after; and eradicate evil from among you. (8) If it is inconceivable for you to decide between blood and blood, between litigation and litigation, between ulcer and ulcer, according to matters (in general) disputed in your gates, then arise and ascend to the place that the Lord will choose, B -y yours; (9) And come to the priests of the Levites and to the judge who will be in those days, and ask, and they will tell you the judgment. (10) And do according to the word that they tell you from the place that the LORD chooses, and carefully do everything they tell you. (11) According to the law which they teach you, and according to the judgment which they pronounce to you, do; do not deviate from the word they say to you, neither to the right nor to the left. (12) But the man who acts boldly, disobeying the priest standing there to serve the LORD your God, or the judge, let that man die; and eradicate evil from Israel. (13) And all the people will hear and be afraid, and will no longer act boldly.

Second day

(14) When you come to the land that the L-rd your G-d is giving you, and take possession of it and dwell in it, and say, "I will make a king over me, like to all the peoples that are around me.” (15) Then set over you a king whom the LORD your God chooses; you cannot put a stranger over you who is not your brother. (16) Only so that he does not make himself a multitude of horses and does not return the people to Egypt to multiply the horses; The Lord said to you: "Return no more by this way"; (17) And let him not have many wives, lest his heart be corrupted; and lest he multiply silver and gold to himself excessively. (18) And behold, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, let him write down for himself a list of this law from the book that is with the priests of the Levites, (19) And let it be with him, and let him read it all the days of his life, so that he learns to fear the Lord, his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to fulfill them; (20) That his heart should not be lifted up above his brethren, and that he should not deviate from this commandment either to the right or to the left, so that he and his sons may dwell long days in his kingdom, he and his sons in the midst of Israel.

Third day

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(2) But he shall have no inheritance among his brethren: the Lord shall have his inheritance, as he spoke to him. (3) And this is what should be due to the priests from the people: from those who sacrifice an ox or a lamb (each) should give the priest the shoulder, jaws and stomach. (4) The firstfruits of your bread, your wine, and your oil, and the first part of the shearing of your sheep, you shall give him. (5) For the LORD your God has chosen him out of all your tribes, to stand to serve in the name of the LORD, to him and to his sons, all the days.

Fourth day

(6) And if Leivit comes from one of your gates (cities) in all Israel, wherever he lives, then let him come, according to the full desire of his soul, to the place that the Lord will choose, (7) And he will serve in the name of the LORD his God, like all his brethren the Levites who stand there before the LORD; (8) Let them eat in equal shares, in addition to his proceeds from the sale of his father's (property). (9) When you enter the land which the LORD your God is giving you, do not learn to do the abominations that those nations did. (10) Let no one be found among you who leads his son or daughter through the fire, neither a magician, nor a sorcerer, nor a fortuneteller, nor a sorcerer, (11) Neither an exorcist, nor a summoner of spirits, nor a medicine man, nor a questioner of the dead, (12 For every one who does this is abominable before the Lord, and because of these abominations the Lord your God drives them out from before you. (13) Be blameless before the LORD your God.

Fifth day

(14) For these peoples whom you drive out, they listen to magicians and sorcerers; but the Lord your God has not given you that. (15) A prophet from among you, from among your brothers, like me, the Lord your God will raise up for you; obey him. (16) About all things, as you asked the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of assembly, saying: "I will no longer hear the voice of the LORD my God, and the great fire, and this I will not see no more, lest I die. " The Lord said to me, It is good what they said. (18) A prophet will I set up for them from among their brethren like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he will speak to them whatever I command him. (19) And it will come to pass, the man who does not listen to My words, which he will speak in My name, from him I will exact. (20) But the prophet who dares to speak in My name what I did not command him to say, and who will speak in the name of B -gov others, such a prophet must die. (21) And if you say in your heart, “How can we know a word that the Lord has not spoken?” (22) What the prophet says in the name of the Lord, but the word does not come true and does not come, such a word that the LORD did not speak: his prophet spoke boldly, do not be afraid of him.

19

and in their houses, (2) Then you shall set aside for yourself three cities in the midst of your land, which the LORD your God is giving you to own. (3) Make a way for yourself and divide into three parts the space of your country, which the Lord your God has endowed you with, and this will be a place for every murderer to flee there. (4) And this is the law for a murderer who can flee there and remain alive: whoever kills his neighbor without intention, not being his enemy either yesterday or the third day; (5) Also, whoever goes with his friend into the forest to chop wood, and his hand swings with an ax to cut down a tree, and the iron comes off the ax handle, and hits a friend, and he dies, (then) such let him run into one of those cities and will remain alive. (6) And then the avenger of blood will pursue the murderer in the ardor of his heart and overtake him, if the way is far, and kill him to death, and he is not subject to condemnation to death, for he was not an enemy to him either yesterday or the third day. (7) Therefore I command you, saying, Separate three cities for yourself. (8) And when the Lord your God expands your borders, as he swore to your fathers, and will give you all the land that he promised to give to your fathers, (9If you keep all these commandments to do them, as I command you today, to love the Lord your God and walk in his ways all the days, then you will add three more cities to your three cities. (10) And let not the blood of the innocent be shed in the midst of your land, which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance, and let not the guilt of blood be on you. (11) But if a man be an enemy to his neighbor and lie in wait for him and rise up against him and kill him to death and flee to one of these cities, (12) Let the elders of his city send and take him from there and betray him. him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. (13) May your eyes not spare him, so that you cleanse Israel from the innocent (spilled) blood, and it will be good for you.

Sixth day

(14) Thou shalt not move away the boundary of thy neighbor, which the ancestors set in thy inheritance, which shall be yours in the land which the L-rd your G-d is giving you to own. (15) Let not one witness stand against anyone in any fault or in any offense, in any (in general) sin in which he sins: according to the words of two witnesses or according to the words of three witnesses, let the case be decided. (16) If a malicious witness comes forward against someone to testify evil against him, (17) Then let these two men, who have a lawsuit, stand before the Lord, before the priests and judges who will be in those days. (18) And if the judges investigated well, and it turned out: this witness is a false witness, he testified falsely against his brother, (19) Then do to him what he intended to do to his brother; and eradicate evil from among you. (20) And the rest will hear and be afraid, and will no longer do such evil in your midst. (21) And let thy eye not spare: life for life, an eye for an eye. tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

20

(1) When you go out to war against your enemy and see horses and chariots, a people more numerous than you, do not be afraid of them, for the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, is with you. (2) And let it be, when you come to war, then let the priest come and speak to the people, (3) And say to them: “Hear, Israel! you are now going to fight with your enemies; do not let your heart fail, do not be afraid, tremble not before them, and be not afraid of them, (4) For the LORD your God goes with you to fight for you against your enemies, to save you. " (5) Let the overseers declare to the people thus: "Whoever built a new house and did not renew it, let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the war and another renew it; (6) And he who planted vineyard and did not start it, let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the war and another start him. he did not die in the war and no one else took her." (8) And let the overseers still speak with the people, and say, "He that is fearful and timid of heart, let him go and return to his house, lest he make the hearts of his brethren as timid as his heart." (9) And it will be when the overseers finish talking with the people, then let them appoint military commanders as heads of the people.

Seventh day

(10) When you approach the city to conquer it, invite it to peace. (11) And it shall come to pass that if he answers the world to you and opens to you, then let all the people who are in him pay tribute to you and serve you. (12) If he does not reconcile with you and makes war with you, then besiege him. (13) And when the LORD your God delivers him into your hand, strike all the men in him with the edge of the sword. (14) Only women and children, and cattle, and everything that is in the city, take all its booty for yourself and enjoy the booty of your enemies, whom the LORD your God gave you. (15) So deal with all the cities that are far from you, which are not from the cities of these peoples. (16) And in the cities of these peoples, which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance, do not leave a soul alive, (17) And completely destroy them: the Heitite and the Amorite, and the Canaaneus, and the Pyriseus, and Khivvite, and Yevusey, as the Lord your God commanded you. (18) Lest they teach you to do like all their abominations, which they did for their gods, and you would not sin against the LORD your God. (19) If you besiege a city for a long time in order to conquer it, in order to take it, then do not spoil its trees by raising an ax on them, because you eat from it, and do not cut it; for (is) the tree of the field a man, that (could) go away from you into a fortress? (20) Only a tree that you know does not bear edible fruit, you can spoil and cut it to build siege towers against the city that is at war with you, until you subdue it.


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