How to treat a sick japanese maple tree


Why is My Japanese Maple Dying? (How to Solve it) – Gardener Report

Japanese maples (also known as acers) ‘Acer palmatum‘ are small trees that thrive in well draining soil rich in organic matter, partial shade and when protected from wind.

A dying Japanese maple is often because of fungal diseases pathogens that thrive in overly damp soils. Saturated soil promotes the conditions for root rot which cause dying Japanese maples. Too much wind, sun and not enough water also causes maples to have brown, wilted leaves and a dying appearance.

The most common fungal pathogens that affect Japanese maples are Verticuillium wilt and Phytophthora (root rot) which are a problem in boggy soil and often kill the tree.

However scorched or brown leaves can also be caused by too much wind, intense sun or a lack of water which can be solved with a few adjustments to the Maples conditions.

Keep reading for why your Japanese maples is dying and how to prevent or or solves the problem…

Japanese Maple Dying of Verticillium Wilt Or Root Rot

Japanese maples are adapted to growing in soils that are rich in organic matter (compost, leaf mould etc. ) with a friable structure that absorbs moisture yet allows excess water to drain away quickly.

Japanese maples can succumb to the disease Verticillium wilt or Phytophthora root rot in soils that are too damp because of:

  • The soil drains too slowly (heavy clay soil)
  • Boggy areas of the garden
  • Over watering
  • Growing in pots without drainage holes in the base.

All of these factors can cause the soil to be saturated so that the roots are in boggy ground as opposed to well draining soil.

Verticillium pathogens that affect Japanese maple thrive in damp soils and unfortunately Japanese maples are relatively susceptible to fungal pathogens caused by damp soil with even established maples trees suddenly displaying symptoms and dying.

The symptoms of Verticillium are leaves that are turning brown, grey, yellowing and curling inwards or certain branches that drop all their leaves.

It is important to note brown Japanese maple leaves can also indicate drought stress, not enough water and too much fertilizer but if your maple is in waterlogged soil Verticillium wilt or root rot is almost certainly the problem.

Unfortunately it is very difficult to treat a maple with wilt and prevention is much better then cure.

To effectively prevent Verticillium or any other soil pathogens that can affect maple the most important step is to ensure the soil is well draining and the planting areas has been amended with lots of compost or leaf mould to provide the optimal well draining soil structure.

Adding grit or horticultural sand to the planting area can also help to ensure the soil is porous which increases oxygen levels in the soil for root respiration and a healthy soil ecology and to increase drainage.

Japanese maples do not grow very well in heavy clay or boggy areas of your garden and they are likely to die within a few years due to root rot or other fungal soil pathogens that thrives in damp soils.

If your have heavy clay or boggy areas in your garden it is best to plant maples in pots or containers as you can easily provide the optimal soil profile as amending unfavourable clay soil to suit Japanese maple can be very difficult.

If the plant has Verticillium I recommend digging it up and burning it or discarding it (to kill the pathogen) and treat the soil with a fungicide (available from garden centers) as the disease can live in the soil and infect new plants if left untreated.

Read this article for a full list of Japanese maple diseases.

Too Much Wind, Sun and Not Enough Water Causes Dying Japanese Maples

Japanese maples are shrubs and small trees that are adapted to grow in the protection of the canopy of forests. If the maple is in an open exposed, particularly windy area then this can increase water loss from the leaves.

Forest canopies also protect the Japanese maple from intense sunlight which can further dehydrate leaves giving them a scorched appearance.

Japanese maples should be grown in a sheltered location, protected from wind, with partial sunlight and consistently moist soil.

If the leaves of your Japanese maple or looking scorched with a perhaps slightly brown appearance at the edge then is is important to…

  • Provide a wind break. This can be a fence or additional plants or shrubs that provide a buffer to any drying winds.
  • Increase the amount of shade. This is only if your Japanese maples in in full sun. If it has morning sun followed by shade during midday and the afternoon or dappled light throughout the day then this is a good balance. Japanese maples in full sun require shade to stay healthy.
  • Water the maple generously and apply mulch. To help conserve moisture apply a one inch layer of mulch around the base of your maple of compost or leaf mould.

Japanese maples do not necessarily require additional watering in temperate climate with high rainfall if they are planted in the appropriate soil that is rich in organic matter.

However in dryer climates with hot summers it is crucial to water the maple at least once per week and to use a mulch to help conserve moisture and improve the soil.

Compost and leaf mould are the ideal material for mulch as they add nutrients to the soil and have an exceptional capacity for retaining water yet a friable structure that allows excess water to drain away to prevent the soil becoming boggy.

With diligent watering, the use of mulch, protection from wind and sun, the Japanese Maple should show signs of recovery in around a week although recover can take longer depending on the extent of the damage.

If it is not possible to provide a wind break or the soil is very sandy or stony and does not hold any moisture then you may have to transplant the Japanese maple if possible to a more favourable location in well draining soil amended with compost.

Too much Fertilizer Harms Japanese Maples

Japanese maples are not heavy feeders and they do not require additional fertilizer if they are planted in good soil, amended with compost.

Too much fertilizer is another cause of leaf scorch with brown or yellowing leaves and excess growth with soft stems that can droop.

Even if you haven’t applied fertilizer to your maple it is possible that excess lawn fertilizer can dilute in rain water and run to the soil around your maple causing the leaves to scorch.

It should be noted that due to cold weather, additional fertilizer can be a significant problem if it is applied too late in the season or too early as it causes the new growth to be more vulnerable to frost damage.

The tender new growth turns black when damaged by frost and can be cut back with a pair of pruners without any significant damage to the tree.

Once they has been too much fertilizer applied then there is not much you can do other then give it time to recover.

Trim off back any excess growth and any badly affect leaves to prevent possible frost damage or aphid infestation or sun scorch.

By the following year the Japanese maple should recover as long as you avoid the use of fertilizer.

The only time fertilizer if necessary when growth Japanese maples is if that are planted in a pot or sandy soil and you should only use half strength multipurpose fertilizer.

Personally I prefer to use miracle gro fertilizer as it is in granule form, contains all the nutrients at the right concentration for your plants and it releases nutrients slowly to prevent problems associated with too much fertilizer.

In most gardens however the use of a compost or leaf mould mulch adds nutrients to the soil, improves the soils structure and conserves moisture providing the optimal conditions of your Japanese maple.

Dying Japanese Maple Because of Alkaline

Soil

If your newly planted Japanese maple is dying or showing poor growth then this could be because of soil pH.

Most varieties of Japanese maples that are sold in garden centers prefer acidic soil with a pH of between 5.5 and 6.5 (pH 7 is neutral, any number below is acidic and any number higher then 7 is alkaline).

If your garden has alkaline soil then certain nutrients become insoluble and the Japanese maple roots cannot uptake the nutrients (chlorosis) that they require which can cause poor growth or kill the plant.

Most gardens have soil that is slighltly acidic as this is the pH of most organic matter once it is full decomposed.

However some areas do have naturally alkaline soil due to underlying bedrock, building work that is just underneath the soil or even the use of wood ash around the garden (wood ash is very alkaline).

If acid loving plants such as roses, blueberry bushes, azaleas, rhododendrons and camellias are growing in your garden or perhaps gardens in your neighbourhood then soil pH is not a problem and your Japanese maple is dying of some other cause (assuming you are not using wood ash as a mulch).

However if it is difficult to determine the soils pH from observation then I recommend buying a soil gauge from your garden center or amazon. Soil gauges tell you the pH of your soil, they are very easy to use and available for a great price!

If your soil is not acidic then I recommend that your transplant the Japanese Maples to a pot if at all possible with multipurpose or ericaceous compost.

If the soil is perhaps just neutral or slightly alkaline or perhaps the soil pH has been influenced because of environmental factors then it is possible to lower the pH so that it is more acidic and suitable for Japanese maple but I would only recommend this for maples that are too difficult or large to transplant.

Use an ericaceous fertilizer (ericaceous just means that it is made specifically for plants that require acidic soils) and ericaceous compost (available from garden center or online) and use the compost as a mulch around your maple tree.

Apply a one inch layer of the compost around the Japanese maple every 6 months or so to maintain a level of soil acidity so that your maple can thrive.

Influencing the pH of the soil is a process that is ongoing so it may take a few months before your Japanese maple shows signs of recovery.

Key Takeaways:
  • The reasons your Japanese maple is dying is most often because of fungal disease. Damp soil promotes the conditions for fungal diseases such as root rot which cause your Japanese maple to die.
  • High wind, too much sun and not enough moisture in the soil can cause brown wilted foliage.
  • Japanese maples require an acidic soil pH of between pH 5.5 and 6.5 and most varieties of Japanese maples do not survive very long in alkaline soil.
  • Planted Japanese maples in areas with protection from high wind and shade from full sun. Amend the soil with compost before planting so the soil is well draining yet can retain moisture which is the optimal balance for Japanese maples.

Maple Tree Diseases and How to Treat Them

by Andréa Butler | Updated: | 0 Comments

Tree care

Maple trees are symbolic of strength, endurance, balance, and longevity. Unfortunately, stealthy attackers attempt to sap these trees of their splendor, but we’ll help you identify maple tree diseases and how to treat them. Perfect as specimen trees or lining a long driveway, you can’t deny their beauty and majesty.

Typically, maple trees live up to 300 years, but sometimes they fall prey to illness. These can include diseases such as tar spot, verticillium wilt, anthracnose, leaf scorch, powdery mildew, and lichen, to name a few. Treatment ranges from pruning dead branches to removing the entire tree and fumigating the soil to doing nothing at all, depending on the infection.

So, what’s ailing your maple? Let’s take a look at the eight most common maple tree diseases and how to treat them:

Maple Tree Diseases

There are as many maple tree species as Bubba Gump has ways of making shrimp; silver maples, red maples, Japanese maples, Norway maples, etc. Their scientific name is Acer of the family Sapindaceae. Maples are excellent shade trees, but unfortunately, like oaks, sycamores, and all other trees, they suffer from diseases. 

The best way to keep healthy trees is the prevention of disease through proper maintenance; watering, fertilizing, and pruning. And while most maple tree diseases are purely cosmetic, a few threaten the life of the tree.

Here are some of the most common maple tree diseases from most to least serious:

1. Verticillium Wilt

Verticillium wilt is a fungal infection of the soil that penetrates tree roots and attacks a maple tree’s vascular (or circulatory) system. When this happens, water and nutrients are unable to reach branches and leaves. Dead leaves will fall to the ground and the soil reabsorbs the fungal disease, potentially setting off a wider verticillium wilt infestation.

  • Symptoms: Wilted, yellowing leaves on one side of the tree; stunted leaf growth and defoliation; discolored wood under the bark
  • Causes: Soil-based fungus “verticillium dahlia” or “verticillium albo-atrum”
  • Treatment: No cure, but some trees recover with proper care. In severe cases, remove the tree, fumigate the soil, and plant a wilt-resistant species in its place. The best treatment is prevention through proper maintenance.
  • Season: Summer, typically July and August
  • Risk Level: Low; most maple trees will not contract verticillium wilt. Mild to severely infected trees can live a long time, or die back slowly, while others need to be removed.

2. SapstreakPhoto Credit: Manfred Mielke / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 3.0

Sapstreak gets its name from the dark staining that forms in a star-shaped pattern on the rings of a tree’s chopped trunk. It threatens sugar maples specifically, entering through damaged roots. Once inside, the sapstreak fungus prevents water and nutrients from reaching branches and leaves.

  • Symptoms: Smaller than normal leaves at the crown, discolored wood, and bald spots
  • Causes: The fungus “ceratocystis virescens”
  • Treatment: None other than prevention by protecting roots from damage. Some trees recover; others must be completely removed.
  • Season: Mostly late spring, early summer
  • Risk Level: It’s high. Remove infected trees to keep the disease contained.

3. Root RotPhoto Credit: University of Wisconsin-Madison Plant Disease Diagnostics Clinic

Most common in wet, poorly drained soil areas, root rot attacks the healthy tissues of the plant. This leads to a compromised vascular system; the maple is not able to receive the water and nutrients it needs to survive.

  • Symptoms: “Fruiting structures” forming on bark along trunk and roots; in cases of Phytophthora, “bleeding” cankers appear on wood
  • Causes: Most common cause is the Phytophthora fungus; other fungal causes are Fomes, Ganoderma, and Laetiporus
  • Treatment: Total tree removal
  • Season: Spring rainy season
  • Risk Level; Serious. This is a fatal disease.

4. Tar SpotPhoto Credit: Saforrest / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

While not life-threatening, tar spot is a fungal infection that affects maple tree leaves. Leaves can have one to several spots of varying sizes at a time, which may lead to premature leaf drop.

  • Symptoms: Begins as yellow spots on leaves before turning into black, tar-like spots
  • Causes: The Rhytisma fungus (r. punctatum)
  • Treatment: None. Prevention is the best method; clearing away infected leaves that have fallen to the ground also lessens the chance of maple spider mites and box elder bugs hiding and multiplying in the leaf litter.
  • Season: Late summer, early fall
  • Risk Level: Low. Not life-threatening to the tree; only affects its appearance.

5. AnthracnosePhoto Credit: Debra Roby / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Affecting both maple tree leaves and branches, anthracnose becomes active during wet spring conditions. Branches and leaves nearer to the ground and toward the inside of the tree are more susceptible to infection from early spring’s wet weather.

  • Symptoms: Varied, depending on maple species. Includes shriveled leaves, discolored streaks on leaf veins, and curled leaves with brown spots.
  • Causes: Several fungi, including Discula and Kabatiella
  • Treatment: No treatment other than pruning dead branches and twigs and raking away fallen leaves
  • Season: Spring
  • Risk Level: Low, cosmetic only

6. Powdery MildewPhoto Credit: Jerzy Opioła / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

Different types of powdery mildew affect different types of maple trees. In every case, this disease is not harmful because the powdery substance sits on leaf surfaces. The root system is never invaded and the powdery mildew fungus does not eat away at the leaves.

  • Symptoms: The appearance of white, powdery substance on leaves
  • Causes: The Phyllactinia fungus
  • Treatment: None needed. Save the fungicide; the fungus can be brushed off or removed with horticultural oil.
  • Season: Late summer and autumn
  • Risk Level: It’s low.

7. LichenPhoto Credit: Brewbooks / Flickr / CC By SA 2.0

When fungi and algae or cyanobacteria couple up to form a symbiotic relationship, a new existence called lichen is formed. Preferring moist environments, lichen thrives on tree bark and uses energy from the sun to make food. Since lichen doesn’t feed on the tree, no harm is done.

  • Symptoms: A crusty, leaf-like, or tube-like growth on bark; may have a bluish tint to it
  • Causes: An organism composed of fungi and algae or cyanobacteria
  • Treatment: Prune affected branches; manually pull off the lichen.
  • Season: Lichen can occur at any time of year.
  • Risk Level: Low. Lichen does not harm the tree.

8. Leaf Scorch

Rather than a fungal, viral, or bacterial infection, leaf scorch can occur in summer when the weather is hot and dry. The tree might not be able to transport enough hydration to its leaves, so the edges begin to curl and turn brown.

  • Symptoms: Dried-up leaves that turn brown
  • Causes: Hot, dry weather; low soil moisture
  • Treatment: Supply irrigation and add mulch to maintain soil moisture; prune dead limbs
  • Season: Summer, particularly July and August
  • Risk Level: Low; not life-threatening

FAQ About Maple Tree Diseases

Is My Tree Dead if it has no Leaves?

While health conditions generally affect maple leaves, some common diseases can strip the tree from new leaves to bare limbs, or cause early leaf drop, but it can still live. Some diseases maple trees get attack internal systems through the roots and the trees will die a slow death.

Do Maple Trees get Blight? 

Yes. Some maples get bacterial blight. It affects mostly new leaves and twigs because they are the most vulnerable. The blight appears as oozing dark spots about ¼-inch wide, but they’re usually an irregular shape.

What’s the Best Way to Tell if my Maples are Healthy?

If you scratch a branch with a knife and it’s a nice green color, it’s probably healthy. A dark color under the bark indicates dead or decaying material. It’s a great idea to check your trees regularly to get ahead of problems.

When to Call a Professional

For cosmetic imperfections like leaf discoloration and bark growth, professional treatment is not necessary. But if your maple contracts a disease, such as verticillium wilt, root rot, or sapstreak, don’t try to DIY this job. Contact a local arborist for the best chance to save your tree and enjoy its beauty for years to come.

Main Photo Credit: Saforrest / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

Andréa Butler

Descendant of the Fulani tribe, Gettysburg-obsessed Marine Corps brat, and lover of all things writing and editing, Andréa Butler launched Sesi magazine and has penned articles for sites, such as LivingSocial, Talbot Digital, Xickle, Culturs magazine, and Rachel Ray. Andréa holds a B.A. in English from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro and an M.A. in magazine journalism from Kent State University.

Posts by Andréa Butler

 

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choice of blue, blue or red wood

Many people in today's world find time to maintain their garden. In it they grow vegetables, fruits, flowers and many other exotic plants. The Japanese maple belongs to the latter category. We will teach you how to choose the right one. Let's talk about the rules of planting and various types of decorative trees.

General characteristics

Today, there are about 100 types of wood. The plant is easy to recognize by the following criteria:

  • bush or tree with leaves;
  • height can be from 2 to 10 meters depending on the variety;
  • Leaves small, bright shade;
  • allowed colors: green, yellow, fire red, pink;
  • leaf shape resembles a palm tree;
  • small flowers are formed during flowering.

Japanese maple is suitable for people who love the autumn mood and its exuberant colors. There are many varieties of such a tree, it is worth mentioning separately some important varieties.

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We will bring you the most unique and amazing trees that you will find in a shop or nursery.

  1. "Aconitifolium" . Foliage is bright green from spring to late summer. In autumn, the shade of the tree is yellow-orange. The shape of the leaves resembles deep lobes.
  2. Aureum . This is a variety of finger maple. The crown has a bright yellow tint. The shape of the leaves resembles finely indented blades. Among these representatives there are trees with colored bark.
  3. Atropurpurreum . The shape of the leaves is the same as in the previous variety. It preferably differs from all other species in its color scheme. Throughout the season, the crown changes from bright red to black-purple.
  4. Dissectum . The leaves have a semicircular flattened shape. Their color is most often red-purple.

The varieties of ornamental trees do not end there. You can choose a plant according to your taste preferences, which will harmoniously fit into the landscape of the garden plot.

Why do you need it?

Japanese maple which is easy to plant and care for and looks great in the following locations:

  • pond;
  • rock garden;
  • house lawn or terrace;
  • front garden.

Professional garden designers grow trees on top of buildings. You can beautifully and originally plant it in separate wooden barrels or tubs. If you are a fan of the bonsai style, then it is Japanese maple seedlings that are used to compose plant compositions. Let's move on to the next important step.

Fitting

The procedure is simple, but requires special knowledge. Planting a Japanese maple requires the necessary materials. To do this, prepare:

  • tree seedlings;
  • compost;
  • peat.

Landing according to the following algorithm:

  1. Dig a hole. It should be twice as deep and wide as the root of the tree.
  2. If you bought a ready-made plant cutting, then free it from the pot. Unravel the roots and loosen the soil before planting.
  3. Add the prepared compost and peat to the hole.
  4. Bury the plant.
  5. Make an indentation around the bush, which is required for easy watering.
  6. Moisten the tree thoroughly so that the roots take root in the new soil.
  7. The next spring after planting, add a layer of mulch under the tree. It should consist of earth with rotten leaves.
  8. If the summer is too hot, the bush needs to be watered more often.

In order for the plant to take root well and quickly, it is necessary to prepare the right place.

Where to plant?

Japanese Maple will grow in an ideal location which should meet the following criteria:

  1. If you are planting a finger variety, prepare shade for it. For everyone else, the sunny side is suitable.
  2. The soil must be permeable. If the right amount of moisture is not supplied to the tree, the leaves will turn brown.
  3. The area where the maple is to grow must not be treated with lime. After contact with the substance, the leaves begin to fall off the bush.

Now you know where and how to plant Japanese maple. Grooming is the next stage in growing an ornamental plant.

Taking good care of the plant

The basic care of the plant includes the following items, the implementation of which is mandatory:

  1. Although the tree loves well-moistened soil, it should not be constantly wet. This can rot the roots.
  2. If your property is small, no problem. The bush can take root on any plot of land, the lighting of which may not be suitable for the variety.
  3. Maples are not afraid of drafts.
  4. Trees must be pruned every spring. This procedure in the first years of the plant's life will help it to find the right shape. In the subsequent period, you can simply remove dry and diseased branches.
  5. Additional watering is required once a month. About 15 liters of water per root.
  6. In August it is recommended to stop all feeding.

Remember! Supplemental watering in no way cancels on-demand humidification.

The quality of the tree will directly depend on the seed.

How to buy?

If you decide to bring a touch of brightness and originality to your garden, then you should choose Japanese maple. Seeds can be purchased at specialized stores or ordered from a catalog. In this case, no one will give a guarantee that you can grow. It is better to make a purchase in nurseries and purchase ready-made seedlings. To do this, you are provided with the following recommendations:

  1. Examine the plant. It must be healthy. It is better if the bush is sold in a pot or container.
  2. Buy in early spring or autumn so that the plant can be planted immediately.
  3. Don't buy a tree in the summer. It is not recommended to plant it during this period, because the plant does not take root well due to drought.

Few people know, but Japanese maple can be grown not only in open ground. This is ideal for home conditions.

Indoor tree

A special dwarf variety is grown at home. Japanese maple on the windowsill has a positive effect on the apartment. Namely:

  • humidifies the air;
  • increases the amount of oxygen in your apartment;
  • from spring to autumn will please with its flowering.

Although the plant is easy to plant and care for, it is constantly attacked by various pests, for example:

  • whitefly;
  • spider mite;

For the treatment and prevention of diseases, use the following solution: dissolve 1 mg of decis in a liter of water. Mix thoroughly and spray your Japanese dwarf maple with it.

Room care

The procedure should include the following items:

  • thorough watering from spring to late autumn;
  • in winter, it is better to reduce the moisture content of the potted plant by half;
  • tree fertilization with complex preparations is allowed;
  • Transplant the plant into a larger container every two years.

You have become acquainted with outdoor and indoor Japanese maple. Now you can grow a decorative ornament in your garden, which you can take care of according to all the recommendations.

Probably, there is no such gardener who would not try to grow on his plot, in addition to useful vegetables and tasty berries, an ornamental plant that can give its zest to the backyard territory. Such bright representatives of the botanical world include the red Japanese maple - a woody deciduous plant with a chic crown.

Description and features

From the name of the plant, it is easy to guess that its homeland is the country of samurai and geishas . The tree grows not only in the humid forests of Japan, but also in the southern part of the Korean peninsula. Being a heat-loving tree, the Japanese maple does not particularly favor the geographical latitudes of Russia, with the exception of the South Kuril region of the Sakhalin region. This was the reason that the plant was once listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.

The carved leaves of red, purple and bright orange, as well as the beautiful structure of the crown, make the Japanese maple the most spectacular ornamental tree. In the warm season, he admires the beauty of his variegated leaves, and with the onset of cold weather - a bizarre network of thin branches.

The dimensions of the tree, depending on the species, vary from two to eight meters in height . From small yellow-green or red flowers, oblong-shaped lionfish seeds are formed that can scatter over long distances and give life to new trees.

Popular species and varieties

Breeders count about a hundred different species and varieties of this exceptionally spectacular, but very whimsical guest of the Russian garden. A huge variety of red maple species allows you to choose the optimal variety and foliage colors for absolutely any landscape solution. The following types of maple are in the greatest demand:

Today florists-decorators offer an extraordinary solution - to plant undersized Japanese maple on the roof of the building. Some people like this creative idea. Bonsai-style compositions are also made from ornamental Japanese maple shrubs.

Trees, whose leaves come out in full glory in autumn, look good next to flowers such as gerberas, asters, dahlias. They are planted near the maple, so that the autumn garden sparkles with new colors.

It is not bad if low-growing evergreen shrubs (spirea, holly, boxwood) or ornamental coniferous plants (juniper, larch, cypress) grow next to such a maple. At worst, if it is not possible to plant flowers and shrubs, the soil in which the maple is planted is sprinkled with small colored pebbles or chips.

Despite the exotic and original appearance, Japanese red maple is successfully grown even in seemingly completely unsuitable climatic conditions.

By following the advice of gardening experts, you can easily grow a beautiful tree on your site and thereby bring a bright spot to the landscape outside the window.

Japanese maple is a perennial ornamental tree grown in the Land of the Rising Sun. Large lobed leaves are green in summer, and in autumn their color changes to an unusual red. You will rarely meet him in our latitudes. But when you see this tree, you will not resist the temptation to have it in your garden or in your summer cottage.

Maple attracts attention with its unique look. In order for it to please you for a long time, you must carefully study the recommendations for growing and caring for a tree.

Wood view

At this time, there are about a hundred species of Japanese maple. The huge variety of this plant will allow you to choose the look you like, ideal for your landscape design. The height of the tree varies from two to ten meters. The leaves come in different colors: purple, green, pink, yellow, and more unusual colors can be found. For example, the Chinese maple, aka Bonsai, has blue, white, blue leaf colors.

The tree has a large, wide crown, a bit like a palm tree. This is an amazingly beautiful tree. With its bright foliage, it uplifts the mood and inspires creativity.

Unfortunately, in the northern regions, growing Japanese maple outdoors will not be easy , but if you plant a tree in a large container that can be brought into a house or utility room in winter, you will have the opportunity to grow a chic plant.

When purchasing a seedling, you should remember that planting and caring for it will require careful preparation. It depends on this process whether the tree will have the desired leaf color.

Planting and care must strictly follow the growing instructions. Otherwise, you are unlikely to be able to grow a healthy and beautiful plant.

The ideal place for the Japanese maple is partial shade, as under the bright rays of the sun the leaves can get burned. The soil for planting must be drained.

Japanese plant loves slightly acidic soil filled with humus. To make it strong, the ground around it needs to be fertilized once a month in spring and summer; in winter, top dressing is not done.

In the case when the seedling is planted in fertile soil, one feeding will be enough for a whole year. If the soil is poor, then the tree needs to be fertilized a second time in the summer and only until August; after this, fertilizers cannot be applied to the soil, since the plant needs preparation for winter.

The Japanese tree is very fond of water . A young seedling must not only be watered, but also provided with a large amount of water. In summer, it is watered once every seven days, in the cold season - once a month. After watering, pull out all weeds and loosen the ground around the tree so that the soil is not heavily compacted. With poor-quality watering, the tree grows very slowly.

The method of planting a maple seedling is simple, you just need to remember a few rules. For the correct planting of a Japanese tree, you need to prepare in advance:

  • healthy seedling;
  • peat and compost for soil fertilization.

The hole should be twice the root span of the seedling. Before planting the tree, carefully untangle the roots. Lower the peat and compost into a dug hole, then carefully immerse the seedling and cover it with earth from above, lightly tamping.

Make a border around the seedling, this will retain moisture. Fill well with water so that the root system takes root faster. In hot weather, water the maple more often and plentifully. It is very important that the maple roots receive moisture in full, otherwise the leaves from its lack will have an unattractive brown color. The tree does not like lime: if the roots come into contact with it, the maple will shed its leaves.

Spread a mulch layer of soil mixed with rotten leaves on top. This is an excellent weed protection, and moisture will linger well in the root circle.

Care and planting are individual for each type of plant. Many of them prefer the sun, but at the same time they do not like direct sultry rays. This does not apply to those trees that have double coloration on their leaves - they prefer shade. Note:

In the event that the crown of the tree becomes very dense and its appearance is no longer so attractive, it is necessary to prune. This is done as soon as the tree sheds foliage. This will restore transparency to the crown and save the plant from getting a fungal infection.

Collection and planting of seeds

The Japanese maple is propagated by seeds that are collected in the month of October. They are stratified in preparation for planting. Then laid out in sandy dry soil, stored in a cool room.

In early spring, planting material is treated with a growth stimulator and sown in special containers . Over the summer, the seedlings grow well, after which they are sorted, leaving tall and strong shoots. Seedlings grown from seeds should remain indoors in their containers for their first winter. Then they are transplanted into pots, each separately. When the plants grow, they are planted in open ground.

If you love unusual trees and would like to have them in your garden, consider Japanese Red Maple as one of your options. The high decorativeness of this culture is undeniable, especially in autumn, when the carved leaves turn fiery red. Compact trees are grown as tapeworms, because their crown looks truly luxurious. Japanese red maple can decorate any corner of the garden, terrace, greenhouse, because these trees, thanks to their compact size, can be grown in large portable tubs. We invite you to get to know this culture right now. We will give you a story about caring for red maple and planting it in our conditions.

Japanese maple features

If you decide to grow a Japanese maple in your garden, you should know what are some of the characteristics of this crop. First, a tree that grows naturally in Japan and Korea loves warmth. In winter, it is able to withstand temperatures not lower than 20 degrees below zero. This means that it may be difficult to grow if you live in the middle lane, where in winter the thermometer sometimes drops below -25-28 degrees. In this regard, it is worth considering how exactly you will grow Japanese maple - in a tub that you can transfer to a cool room for the winter, or in a garden where you have to take care of sheltering a tree for the winter?

The second requirement for successful crop production is fertile soil. If the land on your site is poor, you will have to artificially enrich it both before planting and in the future. The Japanese red maple needs an abundance of nutrients. Perhaps these are two requirements that you need to consider if you want to plant this luxurious tree. The rest of the features of planting and care, we will consider further.

This is red maple (photo)


Planting red maple

So how do you start planting Japanese red maple? Of course, with the purchase of a seedling. It is best to purchase it in nurseries. It is desirable that the seedling be in a container with earth, then its roots will not be damaged during transportation and transplantation.

Find a spot in your area that has the most sunlight. It is desirable that it be protected from the wind as much as possible, and other trees and shrubs do not grow nearby, within a radius of 2-3 meters.

As already mentioned, you need to prepare suitable soil for planting Japanese maple. To do this, dig a hole, the size of which, in all respects, is twice the size of the root system of the purchased seedling. The soil should be breathable, nutritious, with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction. Thoroughly mix the earth from the hole with compost and peat, and if necessary, if it is clay, add sand. Pour a third of the soil mixture into the hole.

Carefully remove the seedling with the clod of earth from the container and place it in the hole. "Popular about health" draws attention - do not deepen the young maple into the ground more than necessary. Position the seedling at the same level as it grew in the container. Fill it with soil mixture, trying to fill all the voids. Tamp the ground well with your hands, forming a near-trunk circle. Carry out watering, even in two stages, so that the substrate subsides a little with water. Immediately mulch the soil surface with peat. Now it will be useful for readers to learn about the features of caring for the Japanese red maple.

More photos of red maple


Japanese Red Maple Care ?

This culture does not require special attention. The tree needs watering in dry times, and young seedlings should also be sprayed with warm water, but not at noon, but better in the evening, when the sun is not so aggressive. Top dressing is very important for the Japanese red maple. In the spring, when the snow completely melts and the soil warms up a little, the trunk circle is sprinkled with granular mineral fertilizers, after which they water and loosen the ground near the tree trunk.

Mulching with peat and humus will help not only protect the roots from adverse conditions, but will also become a long-term recharge. In the middle lane, trees, especially young ones, need to be sheltered from the winter cold. You can use, for example, garden fleece, which has a soft structure and retains heat well. In an area where frosts are not so strong in winter, up to -18 degrees, the tree does not need shelter, but snowfall can become a threat to the crown. It is advisable to clean snow growths from the branches after heavy snowfall.

The most dangerous are thaws with rain alternating with frosts. In such conditions, the crown is overgrown with ice, which means that there is a risk that the branches will not withstand the load and break. This culture does not need pruning, except that it makes sense to cut off shoots that have suffered from frost in winter. The formation of the crown of the Japanese red maple occurs naturally, and the tree acquires a unique and refined silhouette over time.

As you can see, there is nothing special and difficult in the care and planting of Japanese maple. The main thing is to provide him with a nutrient medium and protect him from the cold in winter. If you grow this tree in a tub, then simply transfer it to a cool room for the winter. The rest of the gardener's actions are standard - watering, loosening the near-stem circle, mulching the soil and top dressing in spring and autumn.

Japanese.

Japanese maples

We are accustomed to seeing in parks and forests - a typical example of the vegetation of European latitudes. The description of such a tree as the Japanese maple is somewhat different from the usual one. Here the name speaks for itself, the plant really comes from the Land of the Rising Sun.

Do you know? Japanese maple is still found on the territory of the Russian Federation - in the Sakhalin region, but extremely rarely. It is for this reason that the plant is listed in the Red Book of Russia.

The blooming guest from Japan looks very nice. The inflorescences are bright, have a purple-red color. They appear in April.

Due to its “construction”, the plant looks spectacular even in winter.

Popular species and varieties

The term "Japanese maple" usually refers to three types of wood : fan, Shirasawa and directly Japanese. Their differences are not so significant, but extremely important for choosing the “right” plant in gardening.

The legendary fan-shaped or palm-shaped maple got its name from the special structure of the leaves, which can become the "highlight" of any park. It is shaped like an open hand or a lace fan and turns bright scarlet in June. The height of the palm-shaped tree does not exceed two meters.
This species includes many varieties of plants, but the following have become the most popular :


Not the most common, but eye-catching Shirasawa Maple has a huge range of colors, from bright yellow to burgundy red. Unlike other species, it can grow quite large: up to 15 m high and with a trunk up to 60 cm in diameter.
Japanese maple and its variety "Dissectum Nigrum" are very popular, the black and red foliage of which is in perfect harmony with the green lawns of many landscapes.

Good selection of seedlings

Since the plant is quite expensive, the choice of seedlings must be approached carefully. Decide on a variety of Japanese maple: if you have a large area for growing, then you can safely stop at large trees (for example, Shirasawa maple), in the case of a limited area, it is better to buy shrubs.

Seedling recommended to buy in a container , as in this case planting and further care of the Japanese maple will be easier and safer. In addition, the likelihood that the tree will take root is higher, since it will be in its “native” soil and its root system will not suffer during planting.

Important! The seedling of the plant must be "young", ideal for planting is a tree up to a year old.

Buy maple is in a special store. It should have a fresh healthy appearance, without wilted leaves or any damage.

Where to plant

Many people are afraid to acquire a representative of the Japanese flora, considering this plant capricious and unsuitable for our latitudes. This is not so, growing Japanese red maple at home is possible, but there are still some nuances when choosing a planting site.
Firstly, it is worth choosing a location where the soil will be sufficiently moist . On the other hand, make sure that there is not a lot of stagnant moisture, the plant does not like this.

Secondly, your handsome man will feel best in a cozy and wind-protected place . He is not particularly afraid of drafts, but still in a quiet corner it will grow much faster.

There are no special requirements for lighting. Of course, it is better not to plant in a completely dark place. Remember that light is very necessary for the natural processes of photosynthesis. In addition to this, a variety of maple colors will play brighter.

And finally, do not forget about the "neighbors" of this beautiful plant. It is not recommended to plant other large ones nearby. This will “steal” the light from the maple, and the site will be overloaded, the maple will get lost between large branches. In addition, the crown must have enough space for growth and development. The most profitable option would be flowers next to the Japanese maple. Look good, and.

Landing rules

Planting a Japanese maple is an easy process, so there shouldn't be much difficulty. The main thing is to provide the tree with good conditions, as close as possible to its native latitudes.

Soil preparation

As noted earlier, Maple loves moisture. , but not "stagnant water". That is why experienced gardeners are advised to take care of its root system (small, screenings). the seedling stands often, but not too abundantly.

Suitable for almost any, high content is natural for trees. The only exception is too alkaline. The soil must be When disembarking, it is recommended to feed it.

Schematic and technology

Tree cultivation technology is simple. It includes two stages, in the case of growing Japanese maple from seed.
Seeds are germinated in a standard way, as usual. They are soaked for 2-3 hours. After that, they choose a diameter of 10–15 cm and a height of 10–20 cm. Make small holes in the ground, spread the seeds separately from each other to a depth of 4–5 cm and sprinkle with a layer of soil. Then slightly moisten and put in a warm place where there are no direct rays. For the greenhouse effect, it is better to cover the container and let the seedlings "breathe" once a day.

Once the maple has sprouted and leaves begin to appear, it can be planted in a permanent location.

The scheme is as follows:

  1. Make a hole up to 30 cm deep.
  2. Place sand and drainage (4-5 cm thick) on the bottom of the hole.
  3. The soil is moistened.
  4. The tree is carefully removed from the container and placed in the hole.
  5. Sprinkle with earth mixed with .
  6. Water the seedling and spray the leaves with a little water.

After some time it will be possible to propagate maple with fresh seeds. Vegetative propagation is almost never practiced because it is inefficient.

Japanese Maple Care Features

Caring for a Japanese is important. It includes regular watering, top dressing and, if desired, the creation of a crown shape - branches in the first years of the plant's life.

Soil care and watering

The frequency and the need for depends on the climatic conditions of the territory, the moisture content of the soil itself. On average, it costs the soil in a day or two, making sure that there is enough water. Usually in hot weather, maple requires not only more abundant, but also its foliage. In the rainy season, additional moisture should not be given. If you deprive the tree of attention, then the leaves may begin to dry or even fall off.

They also produce . It consists in sprinkling the soil around the tree with bark. This protects the root system from drying out in summer and freezing in winter.

to choose from blue, blue or red wood. Japanese maple - a colorful decoration of the garden

info

Momiji (紅葉)

Japanese maple (Ácer japónicum) is a species of perennial woody deciduous plant of the Maple genus, grows in Japan in Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū, and also in southern Korea.

Momiji Japanese maples (紅葉) are exceptionally showy, ornamental trees and shrubs. Even in winter, these deciduous plants captivate the eye with an unusual shape of a bare crown, reminiscent of a mushroom or an umbrella, and many thin weeping branches. However, Japanese maple trees are at their peak in autumn, when their foliage turns bright, almost stunning colors.

Names in other languages: English Downy Japanese Maple, Fullmoon Maple, fin. Hokkaidonvaahtera, fr. Erable du Japon, Jap.ハウチワカエデ・羽団扇楓 (hauchiwa kaede).

The maple genus (Acer) consists of approximately 110 species of deciduous (rarely evergreen) trees and shrubs that grow naturally in the humid forests of Europe, northern and central America and Asia.

We are talking only about a certain category of maples, which are usually called Japanese (they come from Japan and Korea). Only two species belong to this group: Japanese maple (A.japonicum) and palm-shaped or mountain maple (A.palmatum) with its popular "fan" variety Dissectum, which has dissected, feathery leaves resembling a lace fan. 9Maple was first described in 1784 by Murray from an unpublished work by Thunberg. Since then, many synonyms have appeared in the literature, the most common being Acer circumlobatum Maxim (1867). Its identity as Acer japonicum was shown by Koizumi in 1911.

Japanese maples began their triumphal march in European horticultural culture in the distant 1600s, and by 1882 there were already 202 varieties known in Britain. Currently, garden centers offer several hundred varieties of Japanese maples, which are distinguished primarily by the color of the leaves, especially impressive in autumn, when the maples change color dramatically.

The size of the Japanese maples depends on the variety: Japanese and palmate maples can reach 8 m in height, while varieties with dissected foliage usually do not exceed 2 m (in rare cases - 4 m when about 25 years). The latter often grow more in width than in height.

Japanese maple leaves are small and extremely ornamental. The color of the leaves comes in all shades of green, burgundy, red, yellow-orange and even pink and shows up best in open, well-lit spaces.

Maple flowers are small, yellow-green or reddish, depending on the plant variety. After the end of flowering, small paired lionfish fruits are formed on the plants. Some maples are also decorative with their bark.

Ancient Japanese legend about the wise emperor and maple leaves

Long ago, an emperor named Takakura no In ruled Japan. He loved nature, plants, and had a particular weakness for maples. Their beauty fascinated, bewitched and pacified him. Takakura no In ordered his gardeners to plant the mountain on top of which his palace stood with as many maple trees as they could find.

Many years have passed, the maples have grown and the Emperor's dream has come true. The whole mountain was bizarrely covered with multi-colored maples that grew in the form of mushrooms, flowerpots or waterfalls, and their elaborate leaves resembled hands, lace fans and even the strings of an old harp.

Every year the emperor patiently waited for the coming of autumn, when the foliage on his maples took on especially bright colors. Postponing all his important affairs of state, Takakura no In came to the mountain palace to admire the carpet of colorful maple leaves on the ground.

One cold autumn day, a very diligent new gardener was working on the mountain, who knew nothing about the passion of the emperor. Trying to make a good impression on the owner, the gardener and members of his family raked literally all the fallen maple leaves from the ground and made a huge fire from them, around which they camped for the night. And in the morning, the courtiers, seeing the bare maples, blackening earth and ashes on the mountain, began to seriously fear for the life of the new gardener.

At this time, Takakura no In climbed alone to the top of the mountain to enjoy the long-awaited beauty. Instead of a multi-colored tapestry of leaves, his eyes were presented with a dull spectacle of black earth and a cooled ashes, around which the gardener's family slept peacefully. The Emperor understood. Contrary to the fears of the samurai, a soft, kind smile suddenly lit up his face.

Takakura no In returned to the palace and wrote a poem about the special gift that maple leaves have: they can not only soothe our souls with their exquisite beauty, but also warm our mortal bodies with their warmth.

In their natural environment, Japanese maples grow as an undergrowth, so they are accustomed to high humus content in the soil, partial shade, and more or less constant levels of humidity. Japanese maples will thrive in any garden as long as the conditions are right for them.

Most garden soils are suitable for Japanese maples, with the exception of highly alkaline, poorly permeable soils with standing water or completely drying out in hot weather.

Another danger to Japanese maples is late spring frosts that can damage the tender young leaves. Although, as already mentioned, the color of Japanese maples is best shown in open spaces with an abundance of light, when choosing a place to plant plants, you should beware of direct hot sun during the midday hours. Varieties with two-tone or bordered leaves are especially vulnerable to the scorching sun, they must be planted in semi-shady places or places with rarefied light.

Japanese maples are immune to diseases and pests if grown in the right conditions. Weakened plants can be attacked by aphids, weevil and scaly insects, as well as fungal infestations.

Japanese maples are a great match. You can create a whole garden of Japanese maples by gathering plants that are suitable in size, shape and color together. You can go further and create a whole Japanese garden by planting traditional Japanese shrubs and trees on a special area: azaleas, rhododendrons, camellias, kerias, magnolias, pieris, hydrangeas, witch hazel, stewart, skimmia, mahonia and maples.

Japanese maples are traditionally planted alongside perennials: hostas, ornamental grasses (whose thin, straight stems provide a great contrast to the maples' horizontal manner), low ferns, and flat, wide clumps of spring and autumn bulbs.

Japanese maples look great in rockeries, near the water, in a light forest belt, in the borders of shrubs and on mixboreds. Japanese maples form topiari and bonsai.

Several subspecies are distinguished, slightly differing in the shape and degree of pubescence of lionfish and leaves; There are many cultivars used in ornamental gardening.

In cultivation, it is easily propagated by seeds or by grafting on palmate maple.

Many gardeners prefer to grow on their plot not only healthy vegetables and tasty fruits, but also decorative plants that adorn the garden landscape. These plants include exotic Japanese maple - a wonderful representative of the botanical world, with a bright spreading crown.

The tree attracts with its original appearance, however, the question arises whether this exotic handsome man will be difficult to care for. To dispel doubts, in the article we will talk about the features of growing Japanese maple in our climate: we will find out how to plant a plant and how to care for it.

Description and features of

Japanese maple - an ornamental tree, as you know, from Japan. Today, about 100 of its different species and varieties are known: such a rare variety allows you to choose the most suitable variety and leaf color for any landscape design.

Japanese Maple

The Japanese maple can be from two to ten meters tall, and has a characteristic bright color of the foliage. Leaf colors can be as follows:

  • green;
  • red;
  • yellow;
  • pink

Other, more rare, shades of color are possible: this depends on the plant variety.

The shape of the plant is interesting and unusual: the Japanese maple has a lush spreading wide crown, somewhat reminiscent of a palm tree. This is an ideal plant for autumn: with its wonderful variety of bright foliage, it is able to dispel any blues, cheer up, inspire creativity.

In the northern regions, unfortunately, outdoor cultivation of Japanese maple is very difficult: only if the plant is placed in a large tub, which can be removed for the winter in a house or barn.

Varieties

Today, the following varieties of Japanese maple are the most decorative and popular.

Shirasawa

This is a low tree variety: it reaches a height of only one and a half meters. It has decorative wide leaves, a beautiful and bright orange-yellow hue.

Shirasawa

Bloodgood

This is a truly unique variety, as the tree in this case has inky black leaves.

Beni Kava

This Japanese maple has original bright red foliage and ruby ​​bark. You can imagine how decorative the plant has.

Beni Kava

Katsura

An interesting variety with a double color of leaves: in summer they are green, and by autumn they change color to golden.

How to plant

Although the procedure for planting a Japanese maple seedling is simple, however, it requires knowledge of some nuances. Let's talk about these nuances in more detail.

To properly plant a plant, you need to prepare in advance:

  • seedling itself: healthy and strong;
  • compost and peat for fertilizer.

First, dig a hole: its dimensions should be approximately twice the span of the roots of the plant. If the seedling was bought in a pot, then it is necessary to carefully remove it from this container. Untangle the roots of the plant: also very carefully, without pulling.

Add peat and compost to prepared hole. Place the seedling in the hole, sprinkle with soil on top, tamp.

In the video - planting a Japanese maple:

Form small rims of earth around the seedling according to the diameter of the root circle. This will make it easier to water the plant, as the water will not be able to drain.

Water the seedling immediately after planting to promote root establishment. If the summer is very hot, the seedling will need to be watered more often and more abundantly.

Next spring, a mulch layer of earth mixed with rotten fallen leaves should be laid over the root circle of the plant. This layer will help moisture stay longer in the root circle, and also protect the ground around the seedling from weeds.

What are hedge plants and what they look like, this information will help you understand:

How to make a willow hedge with your own hands, photo

will help you understand

Choice of location and conditions

If you have chosen a plant of the palm variety for planting, then it is necessary to prepare a shady place for it. All other types of Japanese maple prefer the sun. But, although many of the varieties tolerate direct sunlight, this does not apply to those that have a double leaf color: in this case, the plant only needs shade or partial shade. By the way, Japanese maple is not afraid of winds and drafts, so this parameter is not important here.

As for the soil, it should be well-drained and light. The plant prefers fertile, humus-rich soil with a slightly acidic reaction . It is important that the root system of the plant receives moisture without obstacles and in sufficient quantities. Otherwise, the leaves of the Japanese maple may turn brown from lack of water.

The plant does not tolerate lime, so the area should not be treated with this substance. If the root system of the plant comes into contact with lime, this can lead to the fact that the leaves of the maple will begin to fall off.

It is important to know that these plants are quite thermophilic, and the harsh climate of the Russian north is unlikely to suit them. However, experienced gardeners carefully cover the tree for the winter, thanks to which they are able to grow Japanese maple even in cold winters.

Mulching

Mulching is of great importance for the tree: this procedure must be carried out both in spring and in autumn. As mulch, use humus, tree bark, wood chips, compost. The procedure helps the roots of the tree to have constant access to moisture, protects the roots from freezing in winter, and it is also an additional top dressing and protection from weeds.

Cutting

The plant in the first years of its life must be pruned regularly, forming a crown. And then you can no longer cut, but only remove diseased and broken branches.

Top dressing

In the spring, granular mineral fertilizers must be applied under the tree, and only then this top dressing should be covered with a mulch layer. Keep in mind that nitrogenous components should be absent in the mineral complex, as they are not suitable for Japanese maple.

If the soil is fertile enough, then one feeding is enough for a year. If it is scarce, then it is necessary to feed the tree again in the summer. But you can feed the plant only until August. Then the introduction of any fertilizer must be stopped, as the maple must begin to prepare for wintering.

Winter Care

If the climate in your area is not very mild, be sure to cover the Japanese maple for the winter. As a covering material, it is recommended to choose garden fleece, as the warmest and softest material. If there is a lot of snow in winter, then regularly free maple branches from this heavy precipitation.

Otherwise, the branches may not withstand and break. However, do not touch the tree when the branches are covered with an ice crust after a thaw: in this case, they are especially easy to break.

Japanese maple house

It is possible to grow this wonderful plant at home: in this case, a dwarf variety of maple is chosen. The Japanese believe that the presence of this plant has a positive effect on the energy of the apartment: it brings peace, happiness, peace and prosperity.

In addition to this scientifically unconfirmed belief, scientists have already proven that Japanese maple is able to purify the air in an apartment, and this has a positive effect on the microclimate of the home. In addition, the delightful flowering of the plant will delight you from spring to late autumn.

On the video - Japanese maple in the house:

When growing Japanese maple at home, it is especially important to protect the plant from pests, as in this case the tree grows more tender.

Reproduction

Japanese maple is usually propagated by seeds. You need to collect seeds in the fall, ideally - in October. In order to properly prepare the seeds for subsequent planting, they must be stratified. To do this, the collected planting material is laid in a dry sand mixture, and stored all winter in a cool place. In the spring, they are sown in a container, before having treated it with a growth stimulator.

During the first summer, the seedlings do not stretch too much, but already at this stage it is possible to sort, leaving only the strongest and tallest specimens for further cultivation.

The first winter seedlings grown from seed are best spent indoors, still in their container. The next spring (the second in the life of the plant), the seedlings must be transplanted into pots of suitable size (separate for each specimen), and then, having grown a little more, transplanted into open ground.

If the climate or other reasons do not allow transplanting into the ground, make sure that the soil in the tub is rich in organic matter.

Garden design applications

Decorative Japanese maple allows you to use it as a decoration for any landscape design. The tree in a single planting will look the most advantageous. In groups, the Japanese maple will draw all the "blanket of attention" to itself, so this type of garden design is not very suitable for it.

Japanese maple garden design

If the tree is placed on a slight elevation, this will best highlight it and enhance its beauty. Japanese maple also looks great against almost any other flowers, shrubs and trees. He can decorate with his presence a rose garden, a water zone, and a Japanese rock garden. But what kind of conifers in the landscape design of a summer cottage can be used, indicated

We examined the features of growing Japanese maple in the garden. As you can see, despite the exotic and rather original appearance, this plant can be grown quite safely in our climate. Following the advice from the article, you can easily grow this wonderful plant on your site, and decorate the landscape outside the window with a bright, cheerful spot.

The Land of the Rising Sun gave the world incredible variety and beauty of Japanese maples. Once you see them, you will certainly want to complete the picture of the garden with a watercolor touch of exquisite oriental beauty. Moreover, planting and caring for maple will not cause much trouble.

Species and varieties

The genus of maples today includes more than a hundred species and thousands of varieties. The category of Japanese representatives includes 2 deciduous species:


Attention! Japanese maples in natural conditions are found on the territory of the Sakhalin Region, and due to their scarcity, they are listed in the Red Book.

The most attractive varieties for the garden are:

  • A. japonicum aconitifolium (aconitifolium) is a tree-like shrub, which is decorated with large deeply dissected leaves of fiery orange, burgundy and yellow hues;

A. japonicum aconitifolium

  • A. japonicum vitifolium (vine-leaved) - characterized by slow growth and picturesque round-fan-shaped foliage, pouring bright crimson by autumn;

A. japonicum vitifolium

  • A. palmatum sangokaku (coral-barked maple) - in addition to decorative deeply cut leaves with a pink border, it surprises with spectacular coral-red bark;

A. palmatum sangokaku

  • A. palmatum Garnet is a small graceful tree with openwork leaves and low hanging branches. Thin-lobed leaves change color from rich red to dark purple with a transition to rich crimson;

A. palmatum Garnet

  • A. palmatum Katsura is a compact cultivar that produces purple-red flowers in early spring. The leaves in spring are yellowish with a edging of a more saturated brick shade. At the height of summer, the maple changes color to an unremarkable green, and by autumn it is filled with orange;

A. palmatum Katsura

  • A. palmatum Butterfly - flaunts 5-lobed silver-green foliage, which sometimes twists coquettishly. In the spring, pinkish touches can be seen, and in the autumn, a rich purple takes the place of a silvery hue.

A. palmatum Butterfly

Outdoor cultivation

In order to grow a truly spectacular handsome maple on your site, you need to choose the right seedling in the garden center. It is best if the young plant is in a container with a protected root system. In addition, the chances of the seedling to take root in a new place will increase, because. he will land along with the "native" soil. The best time to plant a tree is spring and autumn.

The soil in the area where the young maple will be planted must be fertile, without stagnant water. If you are unsure about standing water, it is best to use drainage when planting.

Tip. In order for all the beauty of the foliage to fully manifest itself, it is better to plant a Japanese maple in a sunny place.

When growing, it is necessary to take into account the fact that maple can withstand frosts down to -20°C. At lower temperatures, the tree will need shelter. In this case, you should choose low-growing varieties of maple.

In spring and autumn, the plant needs to be mulched. In the spring, before this procedure, a slow-acting fertilizer should be applied to the near-stem circle. The next will be a layer of peat, and only then the mulch itself (wood chips or bark). Mulching helps retain moisture and protects the roots of a young plant from freezing.

Attention! Maples do not tolerate fast-acting strong fertilizers.

Pests and diseases

With proper care, Japanese maples do not get sick and are not afraid of pests. But if the tree is weakened, then the following problems are possible:

  1. Infestation of gall aphids. Visually, red swellings can be seen on the leaves. Moreover, the aphid colony itself is located on the underside of the leaf. The affected areas must be removed, and for the fight, use one of the specific preparations or use folk recipes (soap solution, for example).
  2. Maple weevil. This pest prefers Norway maple, but does not disdain Japanese maple either. Beetles gnaw leaves and apical shoots, which significantly reduces the decorativeness of the plant.
  3. Whitefly. Damages young shoots and leaves. The tree not only loses its attractiveness due to the loss of leaf mass and the drying of shoots, but also generally slows down growth.
  4. Fungal diseases. Powdery mildew is the most common of this group of diseases. The mycelium of the fungus disrupts the physiological processes of the plant, which leads to drying and falling of the foliage. In general, the culture decreases resistance to adverse environmental conditions. But do not despair - with the right methods of treatment, the Japanese exotic is quickly restored.

If you choose Japanese maple to decorate your garden, you will not go wrong. On gloomy autumn days, a spectacular plant will delight you and your guests with a picturesque outfit.

Probably, there is no such gardener who would not try to grow on his plot, in addition to useful vegetables and tasty berries, an ornamental plant that can give its zest to the backyard territory. Such bright representatives of the botanical world include the red Japanese maple - a woody deciduous plant with a chic crown.

Description and features

From the name of the plant, it is easy to guess that its homeland is the country of samurai and geishas . The tree grows not only in the humid forests of Japan, but also in the southern part of the Korean peninsula. Being a heat-loving tree, the Japanese maple does not particularly favor the geographical latitudes of Russia, with the exception of the South Kuril region of the Sakhalin region. This was the reason that the plant was once listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.

The carved leaves of red, purple and bright orange, as well as the beautiful structure of the crown, make the Japanese maple the most spectacular ornamental tree. In the warm season, he admires the beauty of his variegated leaves, and with the onset of cold weather - a bizarre network of thin branches.

The dimensions of the tree, depending on the species, vary from two to eight meters in height . From small yellow-green or red flowers, oblong-shaped lionfish seeds are formed that can scatter over long distances and give life to new trees.

Popular species and varieties

Breeders count about a hundred different species and varieties of this exceptionally spectacular, but very whimsical guest of the Russian garden. A huge variety of red maple species allows you to choose the optimal variety and foliage colors for absolutely any landscape solution. The following types of maple are in the greatest demand:

Today florists-decorators offer an extraordinary solution - to plant undersized Japanese maple on the roof of the building. Some people like this creative idea. Bonsai-style compositions are also made from ornamental Japanese maple shrubs.

Trees, whose leaves come out in full glory in autumn, look good next to flowers such as gerberas, asters, dahlias. They are planted near the maple, so that the autumn garden sparkles with new colors.

It is not bad if low-growing evergreen shrubs (spirea, holly, boxwood) or ornamental coniferous plants (juniper, larch, cypress) grow next to such a maple. At worst, if it is not possible to plant flowers and shrubs, the soil in which the maple is planted is sprinkled with small colored pebbles or chips.

Despite the exotic and original appearance, Japanese red maple is successfully grown even in seemingly completely unsuitable climatic conditions.

By following the advice of gardening experts, you can easily grow a beautiful tree on your site and thereby bring a bright spot to the landscape outside the window.

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Japanese maples

We are accustomed to seeing in parks and forests - a typical example of the vegetation of European latitudes. The description of such a tree as the Japanese maple is somewhat different from the usual one. Here the name speaks for itself, the plant really comes from the Land of the Rising Sun.

Do you know? Japanese maple is still found on the territory of the Russian Federation - in the Sakhalin region, but extremely rarely. It is for this reason that the plant is listed in the Red Book of Russia.

The blooming guest from Japan looks very nice. The inflorescences are bright, have a purple-red color. They appear in April.

Due to its “construction”, the plant looks spectacular even in winter.

Popular types and varieties

The term "Japanese maple" usually refers to three types of wood : fan, Shirasawa and directly Japanese. Their differences are not so significant, but extremely important for choosing the “right” plant in gardening.

The legendary fan-shaped or palm-shaped maple got its name from the special structure of the leaves, which can become the "highlight" of any park. It is shaped like an open hand or a lace fan and turns bright scarlet in June. The height of the palm-shaped tree does not exceed two meters.
This species includes many varieties of plants, but the following have become the most popular :


Not the most common, but eye-catching Shirasawa Maple has a huge range of colors, from bright yellow to burgundy red. Unlike other species, it can grow quite large: up to 15 m high and with a trunk up to 60 cm in diameter.
Japanese maple and its variety "Dissectum Nigrum" are very popular, the black and red foliage of which is in perfect harmony with the green lawns of many landscapes.

Good selection of seedlings

Since the plant is quite expensive, the choice of seedlings must be approached carefully. Decide on a variety of Japanese maple: if you have a large area for growing, then you can safely stop at large trees (for example, Shirasawa maple), in the case of a limited area, it is better to buy shrubs.

Seedling recommended to buy in a container , as in this case planting and further care of the Japanese maple will be easier and safer. In addition, the likelihood that the tree will take root is higher, since it will be in its “native” soil and its root system will not suffer during planting.

Important! The seedling of the plant must be "young", ideal for planting is a tree up to a year old.

Buy maple is in a special store. It should have a fresh healthy appearance, without wilted leaves or any damage.

Where to plant

Many people are afraid to acquire a representative of the Japanese flora, considering this plant capricious and unsuitable for our latitudes. This is not so, growing Japanese red maple at home is possible, but there are still some nuances when choosing a planting site.
Firstly, it is worth choosing a location where the soil will be sufficiently moist . On the other hand, make sure that there is not a lot of stagnant moisture, the plant does not like this.

Secondly, your handsome man will feel best in a cozy and wind-protected place . He is not particularly afraid of drafts, but still in a quiet corner it will grow much faster.

There are no special requirements for lighting. Of course, it is better not to plant in a completely dark place. Remember that light is very necessary for the natural processes of photosynthesis. In addition to this, a variety of maple colors will play brighter.

And finally, do not forget about the "neighbors" of this beautiful plant. It is not recommended to plant other large ones nearby. This will “steal” the light from the maple, and the site will be overloaded, the maple will get lost between large branches. In addition, the crown must have enough space for growth and development. The most profitable option would be flowers next to the Japanese maple. Look good, and.

Landing rules

Planting a Japanese maple is an easy process, so there shouldn't be much difficulty. The main thing is to provide the tree with good conditions, as close as possible to its native latitudes.

Soil preparation

As noted earlier, Maple loves moisture. , but not "stagnant water". That is why experienced gardeners are advised to take care of its root system (small, screenings). the seedling stands often, but not too abundantly.

Suitable for almost any, high content is natural for trees. The only exception is too alkaline. The soil must be When disembarking, it is recommended to feed it.

Schematic and Technology

Tree cultivation technology is simple. It includes two stages, in the case of growing Japanese maple from seed.
Seeds are germinated in a standard way, as usual. They are soaked for 2-3 hours. After that, they choose a diameter of 10–15 cm and a height of 10–20 cm. Make small holes in the ground, spread the seeds separately from each other to a depth of 4–5 cm and sprinkle with a layer of soil. Then slightly moisten and put in a warm place where there are no direct rays. For the greenhouse effect, it is better to cover the container and let the seedlings "breathe" once a day.

Once the maple has sprouted and leaves begin to appear, it can be planted in a permanent location.

The scheme is as follows:

  1. Make a hole up to 30 cm deep.
  2. Place sand and drainage (4-5 cm thick) on the bottom of the hole.
  3. The soil is moistened.
  4. The tree is carefully removed from the container and placed in the hole.
  5. Sprinkle with earth mixed with .
  6. Water the seedling and spray the leaves with a little water.

After some time it will be possible to propagate maple with fresh seeds. Vegetative propagation is almost never practiced because it is inefficient.

Japanese Maple Care Features

Caring for a Japanese is important. It includes regular watering, top dressing and, if desired, the creation of a crown shape - branches in the first years of the plant's life.


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